25 Years Ago, January 1982
Jan. 15 NASA uses a Delta booster to launch the RCA-C
communications satellite into orbit from the Eastern Space
and Missile Center. Redesignated Satcom 4 and placed in a
geosynchronous orbit, it carries 24 transponders and is de-
signed to replay color television and FM transmission for the dura- Cessna 310
tion of its 10-year lifespan. NASA, Astronautics and Aeronautics, p. 321.
Force. Cessna receives $5 million for
And During January 1982 80 of these liaison and light-cargo
planes. Aviation Week, Jan. 7, 1957,
—For the first time, China tests a miniature electric rocket engine to be used for p. 30.
satellite attitude control. The U.S., USSR, and Japan have experimented with this
form of micropropulsion. Foreign Broadcast Information Service, CHI-82-012. Jan. 9 Bendix Aviation receives a
$27-million contract from the Navy for
50 Years Ago, January 1957 production of the Talos surface-to-air
guided missile. Aircraft Year Book,
Jan. 1 The Navy orders the last 1957, p. 383.
Consolidated Catalina, a PBY-6A, to
be retired from service. First flown Jan. 10 The Air Materiel Command
in 1935, the Catalina and its numer- awards a $20-million contract to the
ous variants served the Navy with Allison Div. of General Motors for J71
distinction for over 20 years. Built turbojets. The engine will power the
under license in Canada and the new carrier-based McDonnell F3H
USSR, the aircraft also served with Demon fighter. Aircraft Year Book,
the British and the Soviets. U.S. 1957, p. 383.
Naval Aviation 1910-1970, p. 209.
Jan. 11 Aerovias Ecuadorianas be-
Jan. 3 Two French-built Sud Alou- comes the first South American air-
ette helicopters rescue eight men Catalina PBY-6A line to order the Fairchild F-27 twin
trapped on Mont Blanc in the Alps. turboprop airliner. Flight, Jan. 11,
The eight comprise two climbers and the guides and crewmembers of a Sikorsky 1957, p. 60.
S-55 helicopter that went down during a previous rescue attempt. Flight, Jan. 4,
1957, p. 32. Jan. 13 An Ilyushin 11-14 transport
plane is presented to Indonesian
Jan. 4 After a career of over 17 years, the last four Supermarine Spitfires President Sukarno by its Soviet crew.
are grounded by the British Air Ministry. One Mk 16 and three Mk 19 Flight, Jan. 25, 1957, p. 123.
Spitfires are retired. Jan. 14 The jet age comes to Siberia
One Mk 16 is pre- as a Tupolev Tu-104 twin-engine jet-
served to partici- liner begins Moscow-to-Khabarovsk
pate in the annual service. The jet makes the 5,220-mi.
Battle of Britain flight in three stages at an average
Spitfire flypast. Flight, Jan. speed of 565 mph. Aviation Week,
4, 1957, p. 30. Jan. 14, 1957, p. 39.
Jan. 4 Col. Mario de Bernardi of Schneider Cup fame flies a diminutive aircraft
of his own design known as the Aeroscooter. He lays no plans for production
as the lack of a suitable 3,040-hp engine hampers development. Flight, Jan. 4,
1957, p. 42.
Jan. 6 Qantas introduces the Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation on the
weekly Hong Kong-to-Sydney route. Flight, Jan. 18, 1957, p. 93. B-52
Jan. 7 The Cessna 310 becomes the first aircraft procured by the USAF Air Ma-
teriel Command “off-the-shelf” contract system. The novel system allows buying Jan. 16-18 Three of five eight-engine
existing commercial aircraft if they fit the immediate requirements of the Air Boeing B-52 Stratofortresses com-
40 AEROSPACE AMERICA/JANUARY 2007
An Aerospace Chronology
by Frank H. Winter and
Robert van der Linden
National Air and Space Museum
plete the first nonstop jet flight Atlantic, is launched on Lake Constance, Germany. The new aircraft will be
around the world. The 45-hr 20-min tested there before being delivered to an Italian concern. Aero Digest, Jan.
flight covers 24,325 mi. before 1932, p. 74.
landing in California. Aircraft Year
Book, 1957. Jan. 20 The first reg-
ular air mail between
Jan. 19 The Douglas-built Thor IRBM London and Cape-
misfires on its first launch attempt at town, South Africa,
Cape Canaveral, Fla. The failure of a begins with the de-
minor component is blamed for the parture from Croydon
accident and the ensuing midair fire Airport of a Handley-
that destroys the missile. Aviation Page H.P. 42 Heracles
Week, Feb. 4, 1957, p. 34. H.P. 42 biplane. The aircraft
is one of a new fleet
Jan. 29 Roy Soderquist, a 22-year- of 38-passenger airliners. Aircraft Year Book, 1933, p. 381.
old clerk, hijacks a small single-engine
airplane in Des Moines, Iowa. He Jan. 24 Noted aviator Clarence Chamberlin sets
buzzes the city, bringing all traffic to a an absolute altitude mark for diesel-powered air-
halt until his crash landing. He man- craft when he pilots his Lockheed Vega to 19,393
ages to avoid serious injury. Aviation ft. The Vega is fitted with a Packard-Diesel motor
Week, Feb. 4, 1957, p. 34. burning furnace oil. Aero Digest, Jan. 1932, p. 74;
Aircraft Year Book, 1933, p. 381.
75 Years Ago, January 1932
Jan. 26 Edward Stinson, one of America’s pio-
Jan. 4-11 French pilots Paul Codos neer aviators and president of Stinson Aircraft, is killed near Chicago when his
and Henri Robida fly their Hispano- Stinson monoplane, carrying three passengers, runs out of fuel over the Lake
Suiza-powered Breguet 330 from Michigan waterfront. He tries to land on a golf course but hits a
Hanoi, French Indochina, to Paris in 3 flag pole on the way in. “Eddie” Stinson learned to fly in
days 4 hr 17 min. Aircraft Year Book, 1911 and became a test pilot with Curtiss before leaving
1933, p. 381. in 1919 to form his own company. His firm produced
the Stinson Detroiter, the first U.S. airplane with a
Jan. 16 United Air Lines extends air closed cabin, an engine starter, and wheel brakes.
mail operations from Omaha, Neb., to This was the forerunner of the U.S. single-engined
Watertown, S.D. Now every state in cabin airplane of today. It was later modified as a
the union has access to air mail ser- monoplane. The Detroiter’s numerous achieve-
vice. The move is highly controversial, ments included a direct flight across the Atlantic,
as Postmaster General Walter Brown the 1927 National Air Tour, and a flight duration
gives the route to United and not to world record. Stinson planes did much to popu-
one of several small local airlines. larize aviation and make relatively low-cost ma-
United receives it as an extension of chines available to the public. The Aeroplane, Feb. 3,
its main transcontinental route and 1932, p. 186.
is not paid any extra money for the
services. F. van der Linden, Jan. 29 From its factory in Edgware, England, the De
Airlines and Air Mail, Havilland D.H. 83 Fox Moth completes its maiden
p. 239. flight. Powered by one 120-hp Gypsy III engine,
the Fox Moth is a rather ungainly-looking, inexpen-
Jan. 19 The sive light airliner that can carry five passengers. Based on the suc-
Do-X III, a cessful single-engine Tiger Moth, the Fox Moth proves a popular
new Dornier design, with 98 built in total. A. Jackson, De Havilland Aircraft
flying boat Since 1909, pp. 322-327.
and the sis- Do-X
ter ship of Jan. 30 A monument to Wilbur Wright’s first aviation school is dedi-
the huge 12- cated at Pau, France, with the U.S. ambassador and French officials
engine airliner that participating. Many pioneer flyers got their start here. Aircraft Year Book,
recently flew the South 1933, p. 381.
AEROSPACE AMERICA/JANUARY 2007 41