Pro-forma for developing site-specific management plans Site Management Plan pro-forma for sites identified in the Bitou Bush Threat Abatement Plan This pro-forma is to be used at all control category 1 sites as identified in the Bitou Bush Threat Abatement Plan (TAP) to ensure that the control of bitou bush meets the objectives of the TAP (i.e. is aimed at protecting the priority biodiversity). This pro-forma can also be used for sites in other categories. Each site-specific management plan should be developed in consultation with relevant stakeholders and in accordance with the TAP. Copies of this pro-forma are available in electronic format from the TAP coordinator (bitou.TAP@environment.nsw.gov.au). Site number Control Where GPS (outlined in the category reading was TAP) EX 2 1 Site location details GPS coordinates taken from? (i.e. 1–5 outlined (i.e. one of these (i.e. centre in the TAP) three) point of site) Site name Example Beach NR latitude / longitude E 554123 Centre of AMG (Australian Map Grid) Site owner Department of Environment N 6881234 headland (or contact) and Conservation GDA (Geodetic Datum of Australia) Contact name for site Paul Downey Phone number LGA or Example Beach Nature Mobile National Park name Reserve Email Bitou.TAP@environment.nsw.gov.au List all species, Scientific name/s Common name/s Priority populations or Plectranthus cremnus High ecological Zieria prostrata High communities present Themeda (Themeda triandra) from Appendix 3 and 5 of TAP grassland on sea cliffs and High coastal headlands Prepared by (name/ organisation) Paul Downey, Department of Environment and Conservation Address 43 Bridge St, Hurstville NSW 2220 Phone number Date prepared July 2006 Mobile Review date of plan June 2011 Email Plan duration Bitou.TAP@environment.nsw.gov.au (i.e. dates –TAP is 5 years) 5 years Section 1 – site map 1. Map the priority site. Include: • scale, legend and north orientation; • locations of bitou bush; • all species, populations and ecological communities listed in Appendices 3 & 5 of the TAP that are found on site; and • locations of the stages of control (see Section 4 below). Use cross-hatching to illustrate the general area for those species, populations and ecological communities where the exact location is unknown, and for widely dispersed species, populations and ecological communities. Stage 1, area A Stage 2, area A Stage 3, area A Stage 1, area B Stage 2, area B Stage 3, area B Section 2 – site history 2. Outline the long-term management of the site. Include a site history over the last 5 years, if possible. Include all bitou bush control and work on threatened species that are listed under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995. Include the year each activity took place and the stakeholders and costs involved. Also include information on any other weed control undertaken at the site. List all threatened Other control Control Stakeholders species, populations or Cost measures and Year measure (community group and ecological ($ and in-kind) the target weed undertaken contractor) communities present species Spot- Contractor – Themeda grasslands; $2500 2001 spraying of Example Beach Zieria prostrata $2000 in-kind bitou Bush Management Follow-up Example Beach Hand-pulling 2002 hand-pulling As above $3000 in-kind Dune Care of misc weeds of bitou No control 2003–2006 undertaken 3. Identify all programs or actions undertaken for threatened species or high conservation value vegetation or cultural heritage values present on site. Refer to the Priorities Action Statement, threat abatement or recovery plans, park or reserve-specific pest management plans, or other legislative requirements. List all threatened species, populations or ecological Program or action undertaken Reference (e.g. recovery plan) communities present 1) Implement site specific weed Zieria prostrata control plans Priorities Action Statement 2) Photographic monitoring points Themeda grasslands No actions as yet 4. List all threat abatement and recovery plan actions relevant to the site, and state whether the actions are addressed in this plan. Also check with the Priorities Action Statement to ensure that all actions have been accounted for. List all threatened species, Action addressed in populations or ecological Source Action required this plan? communities present Identify the full distribution Distribution on site of Zieria prostrata, assess mapped in this plan. Zieria prostrata current and potential threats Bitou invasion Zieria prostrata recovery plan and adequately reserve or recognised as threat to protect all populations of Z. prostrata in the bitou Zieria prostrata. TAP. Minimise the impact of weed This plan and TAP competition on Zieria prostrata aimed at minimising and its habitat. weed competition. Signage will be Increase community installed as part of the awareness and education of actions in this site Zieria prostrata and its habitat. management plan. Priorities Action Develop and review site This plan fulfils this Statement specific weed control plans. action. Implement site-specific weed This plan fulfils this control plans. action. Photographic monitoring See monitoring points. section in this plan. Conduct monitoring program See monitoring to detect ecological trends. section in this plan. Priorities Action No priority actions have been Themeda grasslands n/a Statement identified for this community. Section 3 – site attributes 5. Identify the attributes of the site that may affect control and thus the cost, such as steep terrain, difficult access, and remediation works or fencing that may be needed. Attributes may also include visitation rates; for example, in high visitation areas aerial spraying may not be feasible because of the need for park closures. Physical attributes that may affect control at the site How they affect control Bitou on steep slopes will need to be sprayed Steep slopes on headland from the air or by contractors with safety gear. Aerial spraying cannot be used on the southern High visitation of southern part of beach dunes, because it is not practical to restrict public access. 6. Identify the priority native biodiversity present OTHER THAN the priority species, populations and ecological communities listed in the TAP (e.g. herbicide sensitive species, locally/regionally significant species). Significance Linkage with your control program Other priority biodiversity present (e.g. southern limit) and other plans Example sensitivis Scattered throughout dunes. No aerial spraying to be used in areas Tests by Dunecare group show containing E. sensitivis. Only ground- this species is sensitive to spraying or cut-and-paint to be used. glyphosate and metsulfuron. Section 4 – control 7a. Identify the stages of bitou bush control required and the proposed timetable for each stage over a 5 year period (i.e. stages 1–3 as outlined in Section 7.4 of the Bitou TAP). 7b. Identify the most appropriate management technique required for the level of bitou bush present and the stage of control identified above. Note: aerial spraying must be consistent with the best practice guidelines (Broese van Groenou and Downey 2006). 7c. Outline the follow-up control required in each stage to prevent re-invasion/re-infestation of the site after the initial control. Stages of Area/location Estimated cost ($) control to be treated Initial control technique Follow-up control technique (for initial and follow- Year (please also mark to be used (e.g. cut and to be used (e.g. for recruitment up control) as per on map above in paint, ground spraying, etc.) and resprouting plants) the TAP Section 1) Initial Follow-up Ground spraying, abseil 1 First Area A Cut-and paint, hand-pulling 5000 2000 spraying First Area B Ground spraying Cut-and paint, hand-pulling 4000 2000 2 Second Area A Cut-and-paint Cut-and-paint, hand-pulling 4000 2000 Ground spraying, cut-and- Second Area B Cut-and-paint, hand pulling 4000 2000 paint Cut-and-paint, hand 3 Second Area A Cut-and-paint, hand pulling 2000 1000 pulling Cut-and-paint, hand Second Area B Cut-and-paint, hand pulling 2000 1000 pulling Ground spraying, cut-and- 4 Third Area A Cut-and-paint, hand pulling 4000 2000 paint Ground spraying, cut-and- Third Area B Cut-and-paint, hand pulling 4000 2000 paint Cut-and-paint, hand 5 Third Area A Cut-and-paint, hand pulling 2000 1000 pulling Cut-and-paint, hand Third Area B Cut-and-paint, hand pulling 2000 1000 pulling 8. Identify any likely non-target effects of the control program outlined above. Non-target effects of control Specifics (i.e. the species affected) Removal of bitou on steep slopes may contribute to Native cliff-dwelling plants. erosion in short-term until natives re-establish. Native fauna may be using the bitou for habitat and a food source. This use will be disrupted until native shrubs re- Native birds and rodents. establish. Section 5 – other weeds 9. Identify all other significant weed species present and highlight those that are likely to invade following the removal of bitou bush. Identify if the plant is a weedy native species. Other significant How these weed species influence Likely change weed species present Density of weed species (i.e. scattered, scarce, your bitou bush control program following bitou control (common/scientific (e.g. much harder to control and require (i.e. increase, stay same, name); note if plant is a dominant) other techniques) decrease, don’t know) weedy native Scattered throughout Will be targeted during follow-up Lantana camara dunes. Dense patches control, using cut-and-paint or Increase on headland. spot-spraying. 10. Outline a control program that addresses the weed species identified above (e.g. do not move onto stage 2 until glory lily is controlled as well). Ensure that this information is also provided Section 4 above. Stages of Control measure to be implemented which differs from that control as per Other weed species present used for bitou bush the TAP Stage 1 Lantana Ground-spray in Stage 1, areas A & B if appropriate. Ground-spray and cut-and-paint in Stages 1 & 2 areas A & B. Stage 2 Lantana Do not start Stage 3 bitou treatment until lantana is controlled in Stages 1 & 2 areas A & B. Stage 3 Lantana. Ground-spray and cut-and-paint in all areas. Section 6 – legislative requirements 11a. Ensure all pesticide applications comply with the NSW Pesticides Act 1999 (see Chapter 2 of the TAP) and Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) regulations. 11b. Ensure that all herbicides are used in accordance with the label recommendations. 11c. Ensure all regulations of the NSW Pesticides Act 1999 are upheld (i.e. training, record keeping and notification). 12. Where required, a Section 132C Licence (see Section 2.2.2 of the TAP) can be applied for either individually (through DEC) or by completing this pro-forma and submitting it to the plan coordinator, who has applied for a generic licence, and agreeing to any conditions placed upon such a licence. 13. Assess the potential environmental impacts of the management strategies outlined and if needed undertake a risk assessment. 14. Ensure all activities comply with OH&S standards/guidelines and that a Job Safety Analysis (or similar) has been prepared where required. Section 7 – monitoring 15. Outline any monitoring programs being undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of bitou bush control or the response of native species to bitou bush control. Monitoring method Measures collected Where the data is Interval of collection (frequency stored and the undertaken (i.e. what is being measured or recorded – at which data is collected) (e.g. photo points, seedling counts) collector of the data quadrats) 3 photo-points to be established near Photos taken: Photos to be taken P. cremnus in Zone A. • prior to treatments; by DEC Example 3 photo-points to be established near • immediately after Beach Ranger. Photo-points treatments; and Z. prostrata in Zone X. • at six-monthly intervals Photos stored at 5 photo-points to be established in following initial DEC Example the Themeda grassland. treatment. Beach office. Data collected by Five 50 m transects to be established DEC Example in the Themeda grassland. • prior to treatments Beach Ranger. Transects Record % cover of native and exotic • at six-monthly intervals spp. following initial Data stored at DEC treatment. Example Beach Record % cover of Themeda triandra. office. Record number of Z. prostrata and • prior to treatments P. cremnus adults and seedlings within Data collected by • at six-monthly intervals 20x20 m quadrat centred on main DEC Example following initial populations. Also record or estimate: Beach Ranger. treatment Quadrats • number of bitou seedlings • for Stage 2 expand Data stored at DEC <50 cm tall quadrat size to 40x40 m Example Beach • number of bitou plants >50 cm • for Stage 3 expand office. tall quadrat size to 50x50 m Section 8 – stakeholder involvement 16. Identify and determine the roles and responsibilities of all stakeholders, especially for each stage of the plan (see Section 4 above). Stakeholder’s details Responsibility of stakeholder Stage as per the TAP Department of Environment and Land owner, land manager. All stages Conservation Will be conducting the follow-up Example Beach Dunecare Group All stages control for each stage Section 9 – indigenous involvement 17. Where possible identify any Aboriginal cultural heritage sites present, including those covered under the NPWS Aboriginal Heritage Information Management System. Check the sensitivity of any disclosure of this information before listing below. Cultural Location Description of Site number (i.e. heritage site (coordinates – if location details are Protection works NPWS Aboriginal name the site (e.g. sensitive ensure that knowledge of the site is passed on to personnel Heritage Information required (if known midden) Management System) officially) implementing the control) Information is sensitive: contact Example Beach Ranger for information on sites prior to any work 18. Identify and consult with indigenous people with respect to any special knowledge or interest in the site or the species, population or ecological community and control programs at that site, including the likely social, cultural and economic consequences. Name of person Details of interest Date contacted Outcomes of consultation contacted Manager Example Aboriginal Supportive of proposed John Example 07/07/06 Cooperative actions. Section 10 – community involvement 19. Identify the community groups that presently work in the area or any other groups that may wish to work in the area (either now or in the future), and the skills and qualifications of those volunteers. Name of community group Frequency of work Number of people or individual/s working at Training/qualifications undertaken at the site involved the site Example Beach Dunecare Team leader has Bush 6 times per year 5 Group Regeneration Certificate. Section 11 – other information 20. Outline any other aspect of your site and bitou bush control program that may influence the delivery of the Bitou TAP objectives. Other aspects of the site which may influence delivery Effect of the TAP Parts of the headland are geologically unstable. On-ground control will be restricted if parts of the Example University is undertaking a stability study. headland are found to be unsafe. Aerial spot-spraying may be required.
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