Pro forma for developing site specific management plans Site by whattaman


									Pro-forma for developing site-specific management plans

                         Site Management Plan pro-forma
                        for sites identified in the Bitou Bush
                               Threat Abatement Plan
This pro-forma is to be used at all control category 1 sites as identified in the Bitou Bush Threat Abatement Plan
(TAP) to ensure that the control of bitou bush meets the objectives of the TAP (i.e. is aimed at protecting the
priority biodiversity). This pro-forma can also be used for sites in other categories. Each site-specific management
plan should be developed in consultation with relevant stakeholders and in accordance with the TAP. Copies of this
pro-forma are available in electronic format from the TAP coordinator (
         Site number                  Control                                                                                 Where GPS
         (outlined in the             category                                                                                reading was
                   TAP)     EX 2                               1       Site location details         GPS coordinates          taken from?
                                       (i.e. 1–5 outlined                                             (i.e. one of these       (i.e. centre
                                              in the TAP)                                                    three)           point of site)
            Site name       Example Beach NR                                latitude / longitude

                                                                                                    E 554123                  Centre of
                                                                    AMG (Australian Map Grid)
           Site owner       Department of Environment                                               N 6881234                 headland
            (or contact)    and Conservation                         GDA (Geodetic Datum of
      Contact name
            for site
                            Paul Downey
     Phone number                                                                  LGA or           Example Beach Nature
            Mobile                                                     National Park name           Reserve

      List all species,                      Scientific name/s                        Common name/s                            Priority
       populations or              Plectranthus cremnus                                                                      High
            ecological             Zieria prostrata                                                                          High
 communities present
                                   Themeda (Themeda triandra)
 from Appendix 3 and
             5 of TAP              grassland on sea cliffs and                                                               High
                                   coastal headlands

         Prepared by (name/
                                   Paul Downey, Department of Environment and Conservation
                   Address         43 Bridge St, Hurstville NSW 2220
             Phone number                                                                              Date prepared          July 2006
                    Mobile                                                                         Review date of plan        June 2011
                    Email                                                                                Plan duration
                                                    (i.e. dates –TAP is 5 years)
                                                                                                                              5 years

                                                            Section 1 – site map
1.        Map the priority site. Include:
     •   scale, legend and north orientation;
     •   locations of bitou bush;
     •   all species, populations and ecological communities listed in Appendices 3 & 5 of the TAP that are found on site; and
     •   locations of the stages of control (see Section 4 below).
Use cross-hatching to illustrate the general area for those species, populations and ecological communities where the exact
location is unknown, and for widely dispersed species, populations and ecological communities.
Stage 1, area A

Stage 2, area A

Stage 3, area A

Stage 1, area B

Stage 2, area B

Stage 3, area B
                                                 Section 2 – site history
2.     Outline the long-term management of the site. Include a site history over the last 5 years, if possible. Include all
       bitou bush control and work on threatened species that are listed under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act
       1995. Include the year each activity took place and the stakeholders and costs involved. Also include information on
       any other weed control undertaken at the site.
                                    List all threatened                                                    Other control
                   Control                                        Stakeholders
                                  species, populations or                                    Cost          measures and
      Year         measure                                     (community group and
                                         ecological                                     ($ and in-kind)   the target weed
                 undertaken                                         contractor)
                                   communities present                                                        species
                 Spot-                                         Contractor –
                                   Themeda grasslands;                                  $2500
2001             spraying of                                   Example Beach
                                   Zieria prostrata                                     $2000 in-kind
                 bitou                                         Bush Management
                                                               Example Beach                               Hand-pulling
2002             hand-pulling      As above                                             $3000 in-kind
                                                               Dune Care                                   of misc weeds
                 of bitou
                 No control

3.      Identify all programs or actions undertaken for threatened species or high conservation value vegetation or
        cultural heritage values present on site. Refer to the Priorities Action Statement, threat abatement or recovery plans,
        park or reserve-specific pest management plans, or other legislative requirements.
       List all threatened species,
       populations or ecological              Program or action undertaken               Reference (e.g. recovery plan)
          communities present
                                           1) Implement site specific weed
Zieria prostrata                           control plans                             Priorities Action Statement
                                           2) Photographic monitoring points
Themeda grasslands                         No actions as yet

4.      List all threat abatement and recovery plan actions relevant to the site, and state whether the actions are addressed
        in this plan. Also check with the Priorities Action Statement to ensure that all actions have been accounted for.
     List all threatened species,
                                                                                                       Action addressed in
     populations or ecological                Source                    Action required
                                                                                                            this plan?
        communities present
                                                               Identify the full distribution      Distribution on site
                                                               of Zieria prostrata, assess         mapped in this plan.
                                      Zieria prostrata         current and potential threats       Bitou invasion
Zieria prostrata
                                      recovery plan            and adequately reserve or           recognised as threat to
                                                               protect all populations of          Z. prostrata in the bitou
                                                               Zieria prostrata.                   TAP.
                                                               Minimise the impact of weed         This plan and TAP
                                                               competition on Zieria prostrata     aimed at minimising
                                                               and its habitat.                    weed competition.
                                                                                                   Signage will be
                                                               Increase community
                                                                                                   installed as part of the
                                                               awareness and education of
                                                                                                   actions in this site
                                                               Zieria prostrata and its habitat.
                                                                                                   management plan.
                                      Priorities Action        Develop and review site             This plan fulfils this
                                      Statement                specific weed control plans.        action.
                                                               Implement site-specific weed        This plan fulfils this
                                                               control plans.                      action.
                                                               Photographic monitoring             See monitoring
                                                               points.                             section in this plan.
                                                               Conduct monitoring program          See monitoring
                                                               to detect ecological trends.        section in this plan.
                                      Priorities Action        No priority actions have been
Themeda grasslands                                                                                 n/a
                                      Statement                identified for this community.
                                                 Section 3 – site attributes
5.       Identify the attributes of the site that may affect control and thus the cost, such as steep terrain, difficult access,
         and remediation works or fencing that may be needed. Attributes may also include visitation rates; for example, in high
         visitation areas aerial spraying may not be feasible because of the need for park closures.
         Physical attributes that may affect control at the site                       How they affect control
                                                                         Bitou on steep slopes will need to be sprayed
Steep slopes on headland
                                                                         from the air or by contractors with safety gear.
                                                                         Aerial spraying cannot be used on the southern
High visitation of southern part of beach                                dunes, because it is not practical to restrict
                                                                         public access.

6.      Identify the priority native biodiversity present OTHER THAN the priority species, populations and ecological
        communities listed in the TAP (e.g. herbicide sensitive species, locally/regionally significant species).
                                                       Significance                 Linkage with your control program
     Other priority biodiversity present
                                                   (e.g. southern limit)                       and other plans
Example sensitivis                            Scattered throughout dunes.            No aerial spraying to be used in areas
                                              Tests by Dunecare group show           containing E. sensitivis. Only ground-
                                              this species is sensitive to           spraying or cut-and-paint to be used.
                                              glyphosate and metsulfuron.

                                                      Section 4 – control
7a.  Identify the stages of bitou bush control required and the proposed timetable for each stage over a 5 year period (i.e.
     stages 1–3 as outlined in Section 7.4 of the Bitou TAP).
7b. Identify the most appropriate management technique required for the level of bitou bush present and the stage of
     control identified above. Note: aerial spraying must be consistent with the best practice guidelines (Broese van Groenou
     and Downey 2006).
7c. Outline the follow-up control required in each stage to prevent re-invasion/re-infestation of the site after the initial
        Stages of     Area/location                                                                        Estimated cost ($)
         control       to be treated     Initial control technique Follow-up control technique            (for initial and follow-
Year                  (please also mark     to be used (e.g. cut and    to be used (e.g. for recruitment        up control)
         as per
                      on map above in     paint, ground spraying, etc.)     and resprouting plants)
        the TAP           Section 1)                                                                       Initial      Follow-up
                                              Ground spraying, abseil
     1        First          Area A                                          Cut-and paint, hand-pulling       5000       2000
              First          Area B             Ground spraying              Cut-and paint, hand-pulling       4000       2000
     2       Second          Area A               Cut-and-paint              Cut-and-paint, hand-pulling       4000       2000
                                             Ground spraying, cut-and-
             Second          Area B                                          Cut-and-paint, hand pulling       4000       2000
                                               Cut-and-paint, hand
     3       Second          Area A                                          Cut-and-paint, hand pulling       2000       1000
                                               Cut-and-paint, hand
             Second          Area B                                          Cut-and-paint, hand pulling       2000       1000
                                             Ground spraying, cut-and-
     4        Third          Area A                                          Cut-and-paint, hand pulling       4000       2000
                                             Ground spraying, cut-and-
              Third          Area B                                          Cut-and-paint, hand pulling       4000       2000
                                               Cut-and-paint, hand
     5        Third          Area A                                          Cut-and-paint, hand pulling       2000       1000
                                               Cut-and-paint, hand
              Third          Area B                                          Cut-and-paint, hand pulling       2000       1000

8.       Identify any likely non-target effects of the control program outlined above.
                   Non-target effects of control                              Specifics (i.e. the species affected)
Removal of bitou on steep slopes may contribute to
                                                                       Native cliff-dwelling plants.
erosion in short-term until natives re-establish.
Native fauna may be using the bitou for habitat and a food
source. This use will be disrupted until native shrubs re-             Native birds and rodents.
                                               Section 5 – other weeds
9.   Identify all other significant weed species present and highlight those that are likely to invade following the removal
     of bitou bush. Identify if the plant is a weedy native species.
 Other significant
                                                          How these weed species influence            Likely change
weed species present      Density of weed species
                             (i.e. scattered, scarce,
                                                          your bitou bush control program        following bitou control
                                                       (e.g. much harder to control and require    (i.e. increase, stay same,
name); note if plant is a          dominant)
                                                                  other techniques)                 decrease, don’t know)
     weedy native
                            Scattered throughout      Will be targeted during follow-up
Lantana camara              dunes. Dense patches      control, using cut-and-paint or             Increase
                            on headland.              spot-spraying.

10.  Outline a control program that addresses the weed species identified above (e.g. do not move onto stage 2 until
     glory lily is controlled as well). Ensure that this information is also provided Section 4 above.
   Stages of
                                                          Control measure to be implemented which differs from that
 control as per      Other weed species present
                                                                                used for bitou bush
   the TAP
        Stage 1       Lantana                       Ground-spray in Stage 1, areas A & B if appropriate.
                                                    Ground-spray and cut-and-paint in Stages 1 & 2 areas A & B.
        Stage 2       Lantana                       Do not start Stage 3 bitou treatment until lantana is controlled
                                                    in Stages 1 & 2 areas A & B.
        Stage 3       Lantana.                      Ground-spray and cut-and-paint in all areas.

                                       Section 6 – legislative requirements
11a. Ensure all pesticide applications comply with the NSW Pesticides Act 1999 (see Chapter 2 of the TAP) and Australian
     Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) regulations.
11b. Ensure that all herbicides are used in accordance with the label recommendations.
11c. Ensure all regulations of the NSW Pesticides Act 1999 are upheld (i.e. training, record keeping and notification).
12. Where required, a Section 132C Licence (see Section 2.2.2 of the TAP) can be applied for either individually (through
     DEC) or by completing this pro-forma and submitting it to the plan coordinator, who has applied for a generic licence,
     and agreeing to any conditions placed upon such a licence.
13. Assess the potential environmental impacts of the management strategies outlined and if needed undertake a risk
14. Ensure all activities comply with OH&S standards/guidelines and that a Job Safety Analysis (or similar) has been
     prepared where required.
                                                Section 7 – monitoring
15.    Outline any monitoring programs being undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of bitou bush control or the
       response of native species to bitou bush control.
     method                     Measures collected                                                  Where the data is
                                                                 Interval of collection (frequency    stored and the
  undertaken          (i.e. what is being measured or recorded –
                                                                     at which data is collected)
(e.g. photo points,                  seedling counts)                                              collector of the data

                     3 photo-points to be established near      Photos taken:                      Photos to be taken
                     P. cremnus in Zone A.                      • prior to treatments;             by DEC Example
                     3 photo-points to be established near      • immediately after                Beach Ranger.
Photo-points                                                        treatments; and
                     Z. prostrata in Zone X.
                                                                • at six-monthly intervals         Photos stored at
                     5 photo-points to be established in            following initial              DEC Example
                     the Themeda grassland.                         treatment.                     Beach office.
                                                                                                   Data collected by
                     Five 50 m transects to be established                                         DEC Example
                     in the Themeda grassland.                  •    prior to treatments
                                                                                                   Beach Ranger.
Transects            Record % cover of native and exotic        •    at six-monthly intervals
                     spp.                                            following initial             Data stored at DEC
                                                                     treatment.                    Example Beach
                     Record % cover of Themeda triandra.
                     Record number of Z. prostrata and          •    prior to treatments
                     P. cremnus adults and seedlings within                                        Data collected by
                                                                •    at six-monthly intervals
                     20x20 m quadrat centred on main                                               DEC Example
                                                                     following initial
                     populations. Also record or estimate:                                         Beach Ranger.
                     • number of bitou seedlings                •    for Stage 2 expand            Data stored at DEC
                           <50 cm tall                               quadrat size to 40x40 m       Example Beach
                     • number of bitou plants >50 cm            •    for Stage 3 expand            office.
                           tall                                      quadrat size to 50x50 m

                                       Section 8 – stakeholder involvement
16.     Identify and determine the roles and responsibilities of all stakeholders, especially for each stage of the plan (see
        Section 4 above).
              Stakeholder’s details                 Responsibility of stakeholder               Stage as per the TAP
Department of Environment and
                                                  Land owner, land manager.                  All stages
                                                  Will be conducting the follow-up
Example Beach Dunecare Group                                                                 All stages
                                                  control for each stage
                                        Section 9 – indigenous involvement
17.  Where possible identify any Aboriginal cultural heritage sites present, including those covered under the NPWS
     Aboriginal Heritage Information Management System. Check the sensitivity of any disclosure of this information
     before listing below.
   Cultural                                         Location
                     Description of                                            Site number (i.e.
 heritage site                         (coordinates – if location details are                      Protection works
                                                                               NPWS Aboriginal
    name               the site (e.g. sensitive ensure that knowledge of the
                                               site is passed on to personnel
                                                                              Heritage Information     required
      (if known           midden)                                                     Management System)
      officially)                                implementing the control)
Information is sensitive: contact Example Beach Ranger for information on sites prior to any work

18.    Identify and consult with indigenous people with respect to any special knowledge or interest in the site or the
       species, population or ecological community and control programs at that site, including the likely social, cultural and
       economic consequences.
      Name of person
                                      Details of interest            Date contacted           Outcomes of consultation
                              Manager Example Aboriginal                                          Supportive of proposed
John Example                                                                    07/07/06
                              Cooperative                                                         actions.

                                       Section 10 – community involvement
19.  Identify the community groups that presently work in the area or any other groups that may wish to work in the area
     (either now or in the future), and the skills and qualifications of those volunteers.
Name of community group
                                     Frequency of work              Number of people
or individual/s working at                                                                 Training/qualifications
                                    undertaken at the site                 involved
           the site
Example Beach Dunecare                                                                            Team leader has Bush
                                    6 times per year                              5
Group                                                                                             Regeneration Certificate.

                                           Section 11 – other information
20. Outline any other aspect of your site and bitou bush control program that may influence the delivery of the Bitou
    TAP objectives.
Other aspects of the site which may influence delivery
                      of the TAP
Parts of the headland are geologically unstable.                On-ground control will be restricted if parts of the
Example University is undertaking a stability study.            headland are found to be unsafe. Aerial spot-spraying
                                                                may be required.

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