Poverty tourism development evolution and development of poverty reduction strategies by fdjerue7eeu


									Poverty tourism development evolution and development of poverty reduction

 tourism development in poverty reduction strategies

 Abstract: PPT (ProPoorTourism) is the first linked to poverty, and tourism concept.
However, because of its meaning with the non-discrimination and fair, has been
ST-EP (SustainableTourism-EliminatingPoverty) replaced usage. To travel as a means
of poverty eradication can lead to economic prosperity of third world countries, and
even help countries out of poverty. At present, many international development
agencies are paying close attention to this area and began to help backward countries
to implement ST-EP strategy. Correctly grasp and understanding of this concept will
also help our government and relevant departments to better attract and use of
relevant international organizations or donor funds and promote the tourism help the

 Keywords: PPTST-EP PPT

 the world's poorest countries, more than 50 tourism industry output value of the
national economy in the country among the top ranking 3. Tourism is all developed
and developing countries in trade flows, the only indication of a service industry
surplus. According to the World Tourism Organization statistics in 2000, the year of
the favorable balance of Third World tourism industry reached 66 million U.S. dollars.
However, not until the early 21st century, some aid organizations and international
funding agencies realized that tourism could be a weapon to eradicate poverty.

 PPT strategy and its connotation

 PPT (ProPoorTourismStrategy) that is "pro-poor tourism development" strategy,
which was first proposed by the UK Department for International
Development-funded          poverty      Tourism         Development          Cooperation
(Pro-PoorTourismPartnership) proposed, meaning "to guide the growth of net benefits
poor tourism." Over the past five years, the concept of poverty reduction in the use of
tourism plays an important role.
 PPT There are three main types of strategies: to improve the economic interests of
the goal to expand the survival interests of non-economic objectives and to enhance
the participation and cooperation as the goal. It is not the focus of attention which the
type of travel product or tourism enterprises can bring the realization of these
objectives, but in the end the number of net benefits of growth is shared by the poor.
In our academic research and policy discussions, and PPT is the meaning of words
most similar to "tourism help the poor."
 PPT stressed that "development" rather than "growth." "Development" would not
only represent the increase in total economic output, but also means that qualitative
changes, including the most basic of poor people out of poverty, the concept of
poverty eradication, development opportunities for the poor, increases as the core
issue. Only improve the quality of the population, can enhance capacity building in
poor areas, Poverty and the poor and to rid itself of the opportunity.

 ST-EP and the meaning of the concept of the proposed upgrading of

  2002 年 8, the World Tourism Organization summit on sustainable development
held in Johannesburg, South Africa. The support of the United Nations Conference on,
at first proposed to "sustainable tourism as an effective tool for poverty eradication,"
the notion that "ST-EP" (SustainableTourismasaneffectivetoolforEliminatingPoverty),
and immediately begin the start of this concept program. In fact, this program started,
the United Nations to eliminate poverty guidelines and the World Tourism
Organization, a long-sought goal of sustainable tourism linked to a central theme of
the summit in South Africa. United Nations Millennium Development Goals program,
by 2015 half the world's extreme poverty, while the SE-EP positive response to this
  ST-EP after the term of a generation, it quickly replaced in the international arena,
and eliminate the almost synonymous use of PPT. Because there is too strong negative
meaning PPT: understanding in the West, no one would be willing to as "poor" or
"poor" (thepoor), the abbreviation of color with very discriminatory. Therefore, ST-EP
is a much more acceptable to all, without demeaning the neutral acronym. It better
reflects rich and poor, the fair values of equality.

 ST-EP significance for the direction of the tourism industry

  PPT and the ST-EP is not a new form of tourism, nor is a new tourism products. It is
a path of tourism development. With this concept of thinking, this cake can be left to
travel more poor people to share. The establishment of this concept for the
development of sponsoring agencies and international organizations that fund new
endeavors. But this concept is not clear how the policy should be to develop tourism
and to achieve the objective of eradicating poverty. Therefore, the World Tourism
Organization to carry out the project's main job is to support the search for ST-EP
model best practice research, and recognizes the best model.

 tourism industry because of the diversity and complexity of composition, tourism is
often narrowly defined as the service sector, such as accommodation and catering
industry, tourism and any major industry will be integrated into other economic, social
and , cultural, environmental activities, go forward and backward linkages always
easy to be ignored. But only the tourism industry as a whole and the system is to
operate, the tourism industry is possible as a powerful tool for poverty eradication. In
the context of this industry, the Government's role is crucial, because without the
Government's support and involvement, the progress of poor and disadvantaged
populations is very difficult to achieve. Most poor people must have some form of
authority, and such authorization must be supported by legislation. Because without
the support of the legal framework, any vested interests will benefit vulnerable groups
to block the development of positive action, such pro-poor program can not achieve
sustainable development.
 international community has recognized tourism as a potential to promote Third
World economic development driver. Tourism is a broad road: it allows third-world
countries to share more of global trade opportunities, but also to prevent them from
increasing marginalization in the global economy the most effective methods. And
economic marginalization is a common problem in most less developed countries.
Catalyst for the tourism industry by playing the role is to guide the part of the
developing countries to a higher level of prosperity one of the few economic sectors.
For some countries, the tourism industry can even let them out of the status of poor
countries. Samoa in the South Pacific is in accordance with the development of ST-EP
thinking typical case.
 sponsor of the world, many developing and donor governments in the past decade,
more attention to the eradication of poverty, and to this issue as the core of their
funding activities. Many of them pay close attention to tourism, and tourism as
potential avenues to achieve poverty eradication. They understand that the key issue is:
in many cases, poor people hold the ownership of resources (such as cultural festivals),
which can be used to develop tourism. Thus be possible to achieve PPT and ST-EP.
 While to date the development of ST-EP does not mature, but the fact that tourism is
convincing more and more institutions are making the development of relevant
policies, and many developing countries to try to reduce the use of tourism poverty
action. The most famous of these institutions include the World Tourism Organization,
the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank, the United Kingdom Department for
International Development, SNV Netherlands Development Organization, United
Nations, a number of technical institutions such as the United Nations, UNCTAD and
other international tourism organizations such as the Pacific Asia Travel Association
and other non-governmental organizations. Need to eliminate poverty in the context
of the development of the tourism industry was left to deal with the private sector in
developing countries will have a big problem, because the private sector in these
countries the shortage of funds, institutions and capacity are incomplete. In this case,
the particular need to strengthen the private sector and the national tourism authority
of the cooperation between the departments. The national tourism sector must
represent the interests of international organizations or institutions, and is responsible
for the development and operation of the tourism industry. The only way to ensure the
ST-EP strategy and specific implementation of effective design. To achieve this goal,
there must also be experienced from foreign experts to participate in these
international organizations to the project.
 China currently has a number of regional tourism development funds from
international organizations such project funding, understanding and a deep
understanding of ST-EP the background of this concept will help our government and
relevant departments to better attract and use of relevant international organizations or
donor funds. Correspondingly, only with adequate funding institutions, the
government's full support and all stakeholders to participate fully in poor areas to
implement ST-EP projects.

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