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German History German History _13_


									German History German History (13)

 history of the German Deutsche Treaty
 1990 年 7 months, Mikhail Gorbachev in Moscow and the Caucasus with the
Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl and Foreign Minister Genscher talks German
reunification the two agreed. Reunification was finally ripe. The prerequisite is to
abandon the Federal Republic of atomic, biological and chemical weapons, the army
reduced to 370,000 people, and troops stationed in the Soviet Union during the NATO
organizational structure does not extend to the territory of the German Democratic
Republic. The two sides agreed that the Soviet troops withdraw before the end of
1994. With Gorbachev's support, the so-called two-plus-Four Treaty, also signed in
September 1990 successfully. Soviet Union, the United States, France and the United
Kingdom and representatives of the two German reunification treaty recognized by
the German Democratic Republic Germany, Federal Republic and Berlin constitute
areas. Germany's external borders to be recognized as final borders. Taking into
account the Polish special in the history of the formation of security requirements,
Bonn and Warsaw in a supplementary treaty to ensure mutual respect for territorial
integrity and sovereignty of both sides.

 with unity, and two plus four treaty ratification, four victorious nations involved "in
Berlin and Germany as a whole," the rights and obligations terminated. From
Germany to regain it 45 years ago when the fall of the Nazi dictatorship, the loss of
domestic and foreign full sovereignty.

 direction for the future: the reunification of Germany and by the collapse of
communist countries in Eastern Europe caused great political changes, the Federal
Republic and its partners continue to face enormous challenges. Despite a decisive
step towards these goals the steps, there are still important task: to intensify the
construction of the new federal states of Germany and completed an internal unity.
The European Union must be further developed and strengthened. Must establish and
maintain a global peace and security architecture.

 national, European and global tasks are closely linked. New construction and
consolidation of the federal state did not deviate from the process of European
integration. Central and Eastern Europe, if the reforms to the country's open, you can
not get a new image. Must be economically, but also in Central and Eastern European
countries the political will gradually leads the common European and Atlantic
organizations. In this sense, the European Union and Russia on June 24, 1994 in
Kyle's Island signed a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement. Extensive assistance
to the Russian federal government meet its process of democratic transformation and
political value the success of the new common ground of deep concern. From the end
of 1989 to the end of 1994, Germany and the former Soviet Union are spending and
the CIS countries are under an obligation to reach over 900 billion marks. In this
respect, the CIS countries, the German political and economic reform process of the
assistance measures and most of the credit guarantee up to 47.1 billion marks of the
Hermes export credit insurance.

 despite austerity in state spending, the Federal Republic in the coming years will
maintain a financial assistance to developing countries. It is in the interest of economy
to improve the lives of people where basic survival, but also improve their social and
political conditions. Respect for human rights in recipient countries to provide
development assistance funds the federal government an important criterion.

 German Contributions to the United Nations pay their contributions account for the
third country (the United Nations budget, 8.9%), pay 22.8% of the budget of NATO
and the Western European Union, 28.5% of the budget. This highlights the federal
government always abide by the policies pursued so far determined in bilateral and
multilateral contacts for the stability and security to make their own contribution to
peace. Draw the conclusion that Germany for the world as a permanent Security
Council seat. According to United Nations Secretary-General's request, the summer of
1993, the federal Defense of a transport unit for the first time in Somalia, the "stability
areas" implementation of United Nations peacekeeping mission. The duty in Germany,
caused political controversy; in July 1994, the Federal Constitutional Court ruling, the
German armed forces could be its NATO and the Western European Union in the
context of actions to participate in the implementation of the decision to implement
the United Nations Security Council mandate. This also applies to the German armed
forces under the Karlsruhe court to participate in the establishment by the United
Nations peacekeeping force's decision. December 6, 1995, the Bundestag by a
majority of 4,000 Bundeswehr soldiers in the UN peacekeeping mission within the
context of the decision of the Bosnian region. In early 1997, German Defense
Minister has obtained the consent of the Bundestag, the Federal Defense Forces
soldiers were placed in 3000 by the NATO-led international peacekeeping force in
Bosnia-Herzegovina "stabilizing force" (SFOR) troops under the command of.
Germany, the former Yugoslav international police force (FPTF) accounted for the
police to share second place.

  road leading to the European Union on: January 1, 1999, the German President of
the Council of the European Union. Plan identifies the road leading to European
integration, the importance of intention. Germany served as President of the Council's
first priority is the completion of the project on the "Agenda 2000" negotiations.
Covered various aspects of alliance task, expenditure and financing. Another goal is to
strengthen the negotiations on EU enlargement.

  as the beginning of 1993, the then European Community 12, the Department of a
large domestic market opening. 345 million Europeans in the market will become the
world's combined purchasing power of the strongest economic zone. Apart from
Switzerland, the European Free Trade Association EFTA countries (Austria, Sweden,
Norway, Finland, Iceland and Liechtenstein) and the European Community became
the European Economic Area Joint. Since mid-1990, monetary union has been the
primary stage of Department; With its establishment, the EC will be opened between
the capital between countries, partner countries and the economic policies of the
coordinated central bank cooperation will be strengthened. In the second phase began
in 1994, the European Monetary Agency (EWI) to prepare the establishment is
located in Frankfurt am Main, European Central Bank. Heads of State and
Government in May 1998 2 / 3, decided to first start for the 11-member Economic and
Monetary Union, the third stage, the European Central Bank (EZB) on June 1, 1998 to
work. Continuously adhere to the accession criteria, that is, first of all maintain a high
degree of currency stability and the budget is based on the treaty in January 1, 1999
start of the third phase a prerequisite for success. The euro area national currencies in
July 1, 2002 will no longer common.
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