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					Dialogue and the development of dialogue and listening to

 dialogue to listen to the development of cultural
 Dialogue and listening: the theme of the times

  from the social point of view, on the one hand, "dialogue" with " listen to "Such
words are beyond the scope of linguistics into the man's political, economic and
cultural facets of life. Highlight the theme of consciousness dialogue, active listening
awareness, is becoming a deal between people, between nations and between
humanity and the universe as a form full of vitality. "Dialogue" and "listening" is
becoming a melody of our time to live, and become synonymous with equality and
democracy. On the other hand, under the famous anthropologist Margaret Mead's view,
human history through the three cultures - "the figurative culture", "figurative culture"
and "pre-figurative culture." "Post-figurative culture" refers to the young and old to
learn to survive in this culture, older people's experience and knowledge is
particularly important and necessary, they are particularly authoritative. "Figurative
culture" refers to the two generations can learn from each other to survive and
develop, as the older generation no longer has the absolute authority of teachers,
students who burst out of many older generation should be - whether teachers or
Parents - enjoy and learn. "Post-figurative culture" refers to the rapid development of
society and conform to the urgent needs of the times, the older generation to the
younger generation must learn in order to ensure that times and social progress. We
present the times can be seen as "figurative culture" to "after Yu culture" era of
development.

  This is an anthropologist who assumptions and expectations, but the majority of
teachers is no doubt we have the concept of the Enlightenment. Education in schools,
particularly in the process of implementing the new curriculum, "and Yu culture" in
the relationship between teachers and students is advocated on a new relationship -
"dialogue" between the teachers and students room, can not be learned and are lessons
to be instilled with the inculcation of conquest and conquered the relationship, but
should be equal to each other conversation-style, loving relationship between
two-way communication. Sought is of such a state - teachers, students and
student-style-type teachers. Unfortunately, however, is a long time, we have formed
such a self-evident knowledge - teachers must smarter than the students must know
more than the students, so teachers have an innate sense of superiority: teacher control
of all agenda, and students on how they are familiar with the concepts and issues;
teachers to the students often think that a lot, but learned little from them; teachers
often think that students are always naive, on the recommendations of students are
often ignored by ... ... in the "figurative culture" era, in the process of implementing
the new curriculum, despite the age difference between you and the students, the
status of different maturity in different, but you should acknowledge where you can
learn something from the students can be the same and more, and from the heart,
willing to accept different views put forward by the students, willing to cast doubt on
his own views, your teachers and students mutually. Therefore, the "dialogue" and
"listening" is the infiltration of all activities in school education in the most
fundamental and lasting training is between teachers and students based on mutual
respect, trust and equality of position, but through conversation and listening two-way
communication, a common way of learning. You will honestly feel, between you and
the students regular, equal "dialogue" and "listen" is an ideal growing conditions for
the students.

  spirit of the times as a response to the field of education in being pregnant with this
new "dialogue" and "listening" awareness, education, dialogue and listening to a
variety of forms or more are or less reflected in the new educational philosophy and
educational practice. However, the teaching situation, the lack of dialogue and
teaching echoes the times, in the process of implementing the new curriculum, as
teachers, we must dialogue with teaching as the dominant way of teaching to replace
the monologue of teaching, but to do this, we not only need to practice dialogue, but
need to learn to listen.

 Practice of dialogue: the inherent requirements of new courses

  dialogue on education reform is fundamental to modern teaching, problems of
implementing the new curriculum should be interested. Stressed the significance of
dialogue in teaching implies equality, democracy, human relations and open-minded
individual advocacy, and respect for differences and to encourage unique, advocating
individuality and subjectivity. These are the effective, high-quality dialogue with the
premise. It also must be updated within the mouths of teachers teaching the concept of
the requirement that teachers, the school is the dialogue, is communication, not just
the labor; is the art of creation, rather than a professor; is the process of searching for
truth, rather than simply demonstrate the conclusions. Because the dialogue is
communication important in the teaching process forms, through dialogue and
self-discovery and exploration of the truth. Therefore, the dialogue of education
requires teachers and students with speech class star, teachers more to inspire the
students, induction, students may even dared to touch the books say, teachers say, and
dare to doubt, no doubt gave teachers made more high demands and dialogue so that
students have a certain feeling of pressure, students have the opportunity to play on
individual talents and space at the same time, the dialogue will make students feel
pressure to take the initiative to read materials on knowledge, to think independently
and seek to solve the problem method.

 student "dialogue", the first thing you put teachers on the shelf. Between you and the
students, learning is a two-way (mutual) rather than authoritative or top-down
domination. For students, your role is no longer as paramount. He was not only a
chance to say, and work with you to determine the "dialogue" in the form and content.
For you, you need to respect students, understand the students, I believe that students
appreciate the students, the liberation of students, also found that students who pay
attention to the advantages of studying these advantages, improve their quality, adjust
their attitudes and behavior. In fact, we should learn from the students are many.
Although they naive, but a constant search of the heart; they may be ignorant, but
never satisfied and full of curiosity; their thoughts and ideas may not mature, but it
represents the pulse of the times.

 student "dialogue", the students also need to enter your world, the students read the
book. Do not forget they were once students, so you can understand the students to
see the world with the student's eyes, the hearts of their students appreciate their joy
and anxiety, joy and sorrow. To student learning, enabling you had exhausted the
"spiritual life" rejuvenate. From students, teachers, every one of us can find ourselves
again.

 "dialogue" as a school education is to train students in independent personality
awareness. As a principle inspired by the quality of creative development of students
as a sense of return for the ability of students to think independently, as a spiritual
experience to emphasize that the students had the experience of ongoing experience
and may eventually become a student own experience as part of its growing
importance in value. Once you and your student a free, open "dialogue" will break
through in the past that "teachers lecture, students disobedient" rigid situation, it will
enable students to complete liberation of body and mind. We can say that you and the
students, "dialogue" in essence is a student-centered education, is a personification of
education, then you are to students as a whole person, not just the carriers of the brain
culture; through "dialogue" so that students fully aware of your "respect", and make
students learn self-respect, respect for others, self-confidence, good cooperation,
helpfulness, independence and perseverance. Through "dialogue" between teachers
and students demonstrated the possibility of pursuing the spirit, passion to seek truth
and find ways of self-awareness.

 and "lecture" as a "dialogue" the opposite, it reflects a kind of control, and control a
basic feature is to recognize the authority of the master struggle to control is the
inevitable correlate those who must obey the will of the subject awareness of others,
the result is bound to teachers and students in an unequal position, so that among all
alienated.

 Learn to listen: a necessary dialogue teaching should

 dialogue on teaching practice imply a necessary requirement to listen, learn to listen
to the new contemporary teacher quality requirements. Teaching well and, above all,
to know students, knowledge of Health. Students did not know the thorough and
comprehensive knowledge of students, it is difficult for students who get the desired
results. The knowledge to know students and students, as a teacher you need to listen
to the students threw himself to speak, to become a loyal audience of students, and in
the process of listening to find their confusion and focus, innovative ideas and critical
value. Not only that, teachers have the responsibility for all students to listen and
respond, have the responsibility to use all of the sensory potential of listening,
understanding and echo the voice of all students of all issued. Listening is a
democratic atmosphere; listening is a sincere humility; listening is a mutual respect;
listen to a positive appreciation; listening is a hot look; listen to a silent demand.
Dialogue participants teaching essential point is to listen to others speak
enthusiastically.

  listen to the teachers and students the basic skills of communication, but also
knowledge and understanding of communication in the first step in the students,
listening to students is equal to respect him, admire him, give him confidence and
courage, while also allowing students to respect and appreciation of others, also
learned to listen can access the other five benefits: an increase in student
understanding of information and knowledge; 2 to reduce your student
misunderstandings and conflicts; 3 increase you and your students to achieve their
aspirations of opportunities; Four students timely feedback; five to deepen the
relationship with the students.

  teacher in the listening process, not only to grasp the contents of listening, still need
to know some basic attitudes and skills, skills. In general, the content can and should
listen to are: a desire to listen to the students and needs; Second, you should listen to
the students of emotion; three students to listen to ideas; 4 to listen to the students of
the disease; five among students to listen differences and differences; 6 to listen to the
relationship between students and others. Necessary to maintain the attitude of
listening and skills, techniques are: first, acceptance and equality; Second, focus and
awareness; Third, appreciation and learning; Fourth, persistence and calm; Fifth,
participation and experience. As a qualified "listen" teachers communicate with
students, your behavior needs to do at least three points: First, pay attention. Eyes
fixed on the words of students, attention has focused on the content of student speech,
not to interrupt him, he did not question, it should not express their views. The second
is to accept. With a nod, a smile that you understand the children's thinking. If you do
not necessarily endorse the views of students, need to remain focused, respectful
manner, can be joined in due course some of that catch phrase, like "eh," "I see", "was
such", and so on. Third, cited deep topic. Restatement of the views of students,
feelings, or ask the right questions to encourage and help students to complete his
narrative. Such as "then what?" "Then you must furious!" "So, how you intend to do
later?"

 If you have already mastered as a teacher as a qualified "listener" are the skills
necessary skills and want to further enhance your listening level, then you need to
know the level and do listen to the highest level of requirements and practices.
"Listening" is a level of points, the lowest level is "deaf ear", as ear. Followed by
"went through the motions," "ah yes ... ... ... ... right right right ... ..." slightly reflect,
in fact, absent-minded. The third is the "selective hearing", just listen to co-own taste.
The purpose is to listen to the most timely and reflect, is not to understand each other.
The fourth is "focused listening" on the surface every word may have entered the
brain, but whether hear the real meaning, it is questionable, the highest level is: "put
ourselves in listening," which is to listen to the highest level, is listen to a professional
standard of quality teachers is often the relentless pursuit of this state and to reach
those who are.

 general listening is different, and look to the hearing, the starting point is to
understand rather than reactive, that is, through the students themselves to understand
his views, feelings and understand his inner world. Of course, and look and
compassion there is a difference, because the sympathetic mix of value judgments and
emotional identity. Sometimes the relationship between teachers and students do need
a little more compassion, but easy to cultivate each other's dependence. In addition,
and look also represents support (blindly support teachers often lose as adults, the
guidance of responsibility as educators), but to perspective students to think about
standing on the issue, so in-depth understanding of the feelings of the students with
the intellectual world. Put ourselves in listening not just to understand the individual
words do not convey the sentence, because according to expert estimates, only one
percent of interpersonal communication is conducted through the statement, the three
percent depends on the tone and sound, and the remaining Liu Cheng is to rely on
body language to get . So the teachers and look at not only hearing ears, but also eyes,
heart to: to observe with the eyes, with a heart to understand.


 (East China Normal University, Hu Dongfang) This article from [the website of
Education] www.5udoc.com collection and sorting, for the original author. /
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