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Eastern Topographic Features

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					Eastern Topographic Features

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    Elsener US History 1 Eastern
        Topographic Features
                 1
• The Native Americans of this Island
  just off the coast of New York were
  members of the Algonquin tribe and
  were broken into thirteen
  communities. The first Europeans to
  set foot on the island were Henry
  Hudson and his crew in 1609. They
  were looking for a shortcut to India
  and didn't find one, so they didn't
  stay.
Long Island, NY




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                     2
• Ethan Allen spent a considerable portion
  of his life in the effort to achieve
  independence for what is now Vermont,
  commanding (1770-1775) an irregular
  force called the _______ Mountain Boys,
  so named in defiance of New York’s
  efforts to control the land. His efforts
  would help create the state of Vermont.
  These mountains are in Vermont.
Green Mountains
                  3
• This mountain range is located in the
  northeastern part of New York. The
  mountains are often included by
  geographers in the Appalachian
  Mountains, but are geologically more
  similar to the Laurentian Mountains
  of Canada. They are bordered on the
  east by Lake Champlain and Lake
  George, which separate them from
  the Green Mountains in Vermont.
Adirondack Mountains
                 4
• This mountain range covers about a
  quarter of the state of New
  Hampshire and a small portion of
  western Maine. Part of the
  Appalachian Mountains, they are
  considered the most rugged
  mountains in New England.
White Mountains
                    5
• In the mid-1700s European explorers
  and settlers began arriving in these
  mountains that are in Western North
  Carolina and East Tennessee. By 1805,
  the Cherokee had ceded control of these
  great mountains to the U.S. government.
  Although much of the tribe was forced
  west along the Trail of Tears in 1838, a
  few— largely through the efforts of
  William Holland Thomas— managed to
  retain their land on the Qualla Boundary
  and today comprise the Eastern Band of
  Cherokee Indians.
The Great Smoky
   Mountains
                  6
• This mountain range is part of the
  Appalachian Mountains. It runs
  through Pennsylvania, Maryland and
  West Virginia. Prior to European
  exploration and settlement, trails
  through these had been transited by
  American Indian tribes such as the
  Iroquois, Shawnee, Delaware,
  Catawba and others.
Allegheny Mountains
                  7
• Highland plateau region in south-
  central USA in southern Missouri,
  northern Arkansas and northeastern
  Oklahoma. The peaks lie at an
  altitude of 1,200–1,800 ft. The
  plateau was traditionally a poor area
  of subsistence farming, but has
  attracted tourists and people
  seeking retirement homes.
Ozark Plateau
                   8
• This land feature is the flat stretch
  of land that borders the Atlantic
  Ocean. It is approximately 2,200
  miles long, stretching from New
  York, through the southeast United
  States.
Atlantic Coastal Plains
                   9
• An area along the Atlantic coast in
  Maine.
Aroostook Plain
                  10
• This swamp is subtropical wetlands
  located in the southern portion of
  Florida, comprising the southern half
  of a large watershed.
Everglades Swamp
                 11
• This swamp is a shallow, 438,000
  acre, peat-filled wetland straddling
  the Georgia–Florida border in the
  United States. A majority of the
  swamp is in Georgia. It is the
  largest peat-based "blackwater"
  swamp in North America, and one of
  the largest in the world.
Okefenokee Swamp
                 12
• From west to east, or left to right
  they are Superior, Michigan, Huron,
  Erie and Ontario, they form the
  largest group of freshwater lakes on
  Earth.
The Great Lakes
                    13

• This Bay is an arm of Lake Michigan,
  located along the east coast of Wisconsin.
  In the 17th Century the bay was named
  Baie des Puants ("Bay of the Stinkers").
  The stench apparently came from algae in
  the stagnant water of the bay. The
  French received the name from their
  Indian guides, who called the Indians
  living near this bay by a derogatory word
  meaning "Stinkers". Bart Star and Bret
  Favre Played quarterback there.
Green Bay
                  14
• It is a peninsula in the easternmost
  portion of the state of
  Massachusetts. It was among the
  first places settled by Europeans in
  North America.
Cape Cod
                   15
• This bay is a large estuary outlet of the
  Delaware River on the Northeast
  seaboard of the United States whose
  fresh water mixes for many miles with the
  waters of the Atlantic Ocean. The area
  around the bay was inhabited by the
  Lenape, and the Indian name for the bay
  was Poutaxat. The first recorded
  European visit to the bay was by Henry
  Hudson in 1609.
Delaware Bay
                  16
• This bay is the largest estuary in the
  United States. It lies off the Atlantic
  Ocean, surrounded by Maryland and
  Virginia. Captain John Smith of
  England explored and mapped the
  bay between 1607 and 1609.
Chesapeake Bay
                  17
• This lake is a brackish estuary
  located in southeastern Louisiana. It
  is the second-largest saltwater lake
  in the United States, after the Great
  Salt Lake in Utah, and the largest
  lake in Louisiana.
Lake Pontchartrain
                  18
• This river is the second longest
  river system in the United States.
  Only the Missouri River is longer. It
  flows 2,340 miles from its source in
  northwestern Minnesota to its mouth
  in the Gulf of Mexico. The River has
  the third largest drainage basin in
  the world, exceeded in size only by
  the watersheds of the Amazon and
  Congo Rivers.
Mississippi River
                  19
• This river begins at the confluence
  of the Allegheny and Monongahela
  rivers at the Point in Pittsburgh, PA,
  and flows 981 miles to join the
  Mississippi at Cairo, Ill. This river
  was important for travel for
  European settlers.
Ohio River
                   20
• This river is the largest tributary of
  the Ohio River. The river was once
  known as the Cherokee River.
  During the Great Depression the
  TVA was formed to bring jobs and
  electricity this poor area of the
  country.
Tennessee River
                 21
• This river in Virginia is 410-miles
  long. The Native Americans called
  the river the Powhatan River, named
  for the chief of the Powhatan. The
  English colonists constructed the
  first permanent English settlement in
  the Americas in 1607 on its banks.
James River
                 22
• This river flows into the Chesapeake
  Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic
  coast. Some call it the Nation’s
  River because it flows through
  Washington D.C.
Potomac River
                 23
• This river is 315-miles long and
  flows from north to south through
  eastern New York. Its headwaters
  are in the Adirondack Mountains; it
  flows past Albany, and finally forms
  the border between New York City
  and New Jersey at its mouth before
  emptying into Upper New York Bay.
Hudson River
                     24
• These mountains are located in upper
  New York. They are an eastward
  continuation, and the highest
  representation, of the Allegheny Plateau.
  Originally, the mountains' name was
  spelled "Kaatskil" by the 17th Century
  Dutch settlers - a spelling still attested in
  Washington Irving's "Rip van Winkle",
  taking place in this area and emphasizing
  the Dutch origin of the earlier European
  settlers there.
Catskill Mountains
                   25
• These mountains are part of the
  Appalachian Mountains range. They run
  from Georgia north to Pennsylvania. They
  are the highest mountains in eastern
  North America. About 125 peaks exceed
  5,000 feet the highest being 6,684 feet.
  At the foot of these mountains various
  tribes including the Siouan Manahoacs,
  the Iroquois, and the Shawnee hunted and
  fished.
Blue Ridge Mountains

				
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