Municipal Management Service Delivery Project Date of delivery

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     Second Emergency Municipal Services Rehabilitation Project (EMSRP II)
                   Environmental Management Plan (EMP)


1. Introduction: The World Bank has granted US$10 million to the Palestinian municipal
   sector through the Second Emergency Municipal Services Rehabilitation Project (EMSRP II).
   This Project would support the participating municipalities in the West Bank and Gaza
   through the Municipal Development and Lending Fund (MDLF) to restore and maintain the
   essential municipal services and create temporary employment opportunities. It will build on
   the achievements of the Emergency Municipal Services Rehabilitation Project and in
   particular that related to establishing a mechanism - Municipal Development and Lending
   Fund (MDLF) - for channeling international and national support to the municipal system on
   a more rational, transparent and coordinated way, and to assist with overall development of
   the sector.

2. Environmental Category: This Project is rated a category “B” in accordance with World
   Bank Operational Policy 4.01 (January 1998). This due to the likelihood to finance
   investments which may have an impact on the environment but which can be easily
   mitigated. The investments are likely to include: rehabilitation and maintenance of internal
   and access municipal roads, water and sanitation services, storm water drainage networks,
   maintenance of public facilities such as schools, health services centers, parks as well the
   construction, through an intensive labor methods, of addendums to schools, health centers
   and community centers, as well as other municipal assets that would generate municipal
   revenue streams. Therefore, some negative impacts which are easily mitigated may occur due
   to the implementation of the rehabilitation and maintenance sub-projects. As a result, An
   Environmental Management Plan (EMP) was prepared for the project. The EMP would aim
   to provide a review, analysis and recommendations of the best mitigation measures that the
   project management team shall consider during implementation.

3. Investment Components: This Project cost will be US$37.2 million of which US$10 million
   of Bank financing and US$6.3 million of Dutch financing with fund administration is yielded
   to the Bank in addition to other donor financing expected to be provided in parallel financing
   but through the same implementing agency, i.e. MDLF. The will have four components, the
   first of which will support investments in physical municipal service rehabilitation sub-
   projects through the MDLF (estimated cost US$20.4 million), while the second will support
   investments in job creation type sub-projects (estimated cost US$13.1 million), the third will
   support MDLF innovation window including piloting a prepaid electricity meters concept
   (estimated US$1.2 million) and the fourth will support MDLF project management cost
   (estimated cost US$2.5 million).

4. EMSRP II will like to finance sub-projects from the following positive list:

        Sub-projects related to infrastructure rehabilitation, maintenance and upgrading and
        goods and equipment for service delivery are likely to include:
        Public Facilities: maintenance of municipal buildings and structures especially that
        associated with service delivery such as maintenance garage of municipal vehicles and
        equipment, rehabilitation, maintenance and upgrading of public schools and community
        centers, rehabilitation and maintenance of beach watching towers, etc.

        Roads Sector: maintenance of roads and road networks, installation of road medians, road
        marking and stripping and sidewalks within existing right-of-way, replacement of
        damaged traffic lights and signs, and rehabilitation and maintenance of retaining walls.
       Water and Wastewater Sector: rehabilitation, maintenance and upgrading of existing
       networks, reservoirs, wells, meters, connections and pumps; this also includes supply of
       spares and chlorine used for water purification.

       Electricity Sector: rehabilitation, maintenance and upgrading of electrical networks,
       supply and maintenance of transformers and generators; this includes supply of
       equipment, machinery, meters, cables and spares.

       Solid Waste Sector: maintenance of existing waste collection vehicles and containers
       including repair or replacement of broken parts, supply of new vehicles and containers;
       and service contracts for solid waste collection wherever relevant, and supply of WHO
       approved pesticides for combating insects and rodents.

       Budgetary Support (Recurrent Expenditures) is likely to include: Supply of goods and
       equipment to assist in restoring essential municipal services including: cost of fuel, cost
       of maintenance and repair of services vehicles provided by the private sector, municipal
       waste dumping fees at approved landfills, electricity bills for water and waste water
       pumps and street lighting, transport fees of municipal waste if contracted to private
       sector, cost of removal of waste resultant of demolished houses and streets.

       Labor-intensive Employment Generation related activities: Rehabilitation, maintenance
       and upgrading of side walks, retaining and boundary walls for public assets, Road
       islands, medians, plantation, painting and cleaning; beach cleaning; rehabilitation,
       maintenance and upgrading of play grounds and public parks; rehabilitation of destroyed
       or damaged municipal buildings due to conflict or deferred maintenance; rehabilitation
       and maintenance of public garages.

5. Institutional Structure: The implementation responsibility of this Project will be with the
   MDLF with close cooperation and coordination with Ministry of Local Government and the
   participating/eligible municipalities. The MDLF’s core team recruited and trained through the
   Bank’s MIDP-II and EMSRP will provide the continuity of the understanding of the Bank’s
   environmental policies as well as the experience on the ground in monitoring and mitigating
   the anticipated environmental implications created by the implemented sub-projects. This
   Project would further develop such capacity by either financing additional training to specific
   MDLF’s operations staff which would be designated as “an environmental officer(s)” who
   would be responsible for reviewing, advising and reporting on environmental issues.
   The MDLF would also benefit from the services of a number of local consulting firms in both
   the West Bank and in Gaza who have been involved over the past 5 years in Bank financed
   municipal projects and have developed a good understanding of Bank’s environmental
   policies. These firms will be asked to carryout annual audit of the environment indicators and
   report on the compliance (or lack of it) with the EMP. Such experiences would be tapped to
   help the MDLF in supervising sub-projects on the ground and providing advice and guidance
   on environmental issues and mitigation measures.

6. Environmental Audit of Sample Sub-Projects: A rapid environmental audit was carried out
   during the preparation of Municipal Management and Service Delivery Project (MMSDP), a
   project that was planned for Board presentation in May 2006. MMSDP was build on
   EMSRP’s institutional achievements and with greater focus on the local government
   development agenda. As the condition in West Bank and Gaza continued to deteriorate a
   demand for a second generation EMSRP was eminent. With the limited time on hand to
   prepare an EA for EMSRP II, it was agreed with the client that the EA prepared for MMSDP
   would be relevant since a number of subprojects that were audited may be financed by
   EMSRP II’s first component related to maintenance of local road networks as well as the
   second component related to labor intensive municipal service delivery and community
7. The audit was carried out by an independent consultant contracted by the client (Municipal
   Development and Lending Fund) of 20 randomly selected locally prioritized sub-projects (17
   in West Bank and 3 in Gaza) representing the type of sub-projects which EMSRP II would
   finance. The sample included sub-projects in the roads sub-sector (16 rehabilitation and
   maintenance of roads), education sector (3 maintenance and upgrading of schools/classrooms,
   a service that this within the municipal mandate especially in the West Bank), and other labor
   intensive types projects with minimum 50% of labor content.
            Dust and gases emissions
            Water (wastewater, surface water discharge, storm water)
            Construction waste
            Accidental risks
            Loss of vegetation
            Aesthetics

8. The 20 sub-projects include 14 road sub-projects (13 roads and 1 road and sewage pipes), 3
   educational (schools) sub-projects, 1 street lighting sub-project, and 1 street signing, marking
   and furnishing sub-project. The potential impacts would be those associated with:
       (i)   Rehabilitation, maintenance and upgrading of roads and road networks (construction
             safety, noise, dust, waste material, and vehicular traffic);
       (ii) Provision of sanitary and electricity services; and
       (iii) Rehabilitation, maintenance and upgrading of schools.

9. A desk top review by the MDLF was carried for those types of sub-projects that are likely to
   be financed by EMSRP II but was not covered by the audit. This is primarily related to sub-
   projects that were financed by EMSRP in municipal services especially that in the area of
   maintenance of water, wastewater, roads and electricity networks in addition to municipal
   waste collection and disposal. In addition to goods related to chlorine for water supply and
   insects and rodent control. The review relied on the various monitoring reports over the life
   of EMSRP.

10. In general, the audit and the desk top review yielded positive conclusions. All of the sub-
    projects will benefit local communities through: (i) improved access to essential social and
    other services, (ii) improved quality of environment and sanitation, (iii) more temporary
    employment opportunities during construction and more sustainable ones during operations
    and maintenance especially in communities with high rate of unemployment, (iv) will
    contribute to the preservation of valuable cultural and historical assets through improvement
    of the surrounding environment, improved access to them and therefore which may lead into
    job creation from improved internal and external tourism.

11. The audit and the desk top review have yielded positive conclusions. Both identified that
    most of these sub-projects will contribute positively to the communities that are situated in
    whether in terms of improved access to essential social and other services, improved quality
    of environment and sanitation, will provide opportunities temporary employment
    opportunities during construction and more sustainable ones during operations and
    maintenance especially in communities with high rate of unemployment, will contribute to
    the preservation of valuable cultural and historical assets through improvement of the
    surrounding environment, improved access to them and therefore improved attention by the
    authorities to allocate the necessary resources for protection and preservation.

12. The audit and the review have highlighted that environmental impacts are expected to be
    minimal. These impacts would be easily mitigated by following the EMP prepared for the
    project. The potential impacts are related to a possible increase in gas emissions due to
    generated and/or increased traffic, increased level of noise, improper disposal of construction
    waste, potential for threat to cultural assets.
13. The potential adverse impacts would be restricted in scope and severity, such as:
           Dust, noise and odor due to demolition and new construction;
           Increased air pollution due to traffic congestion;
           Increased traffic accidents;
           Risk for aesthetic and vegetation;
           Inadequate handling of construction waste;
           Risk for road accessibility and health;
           Excessive use of chemical dosage in water supply and pest control; and
           Risk for cultural heritage assets.

14. Environmental Management Plan (EMP): The EMP has been prepared based on the
    existing environmental situation and the auditing requirements. These requirements were
    realized after analyzing each of the 20 sub-projects and a sample of sub-projects financed
    under the first EMSRP. The sample represents in general the types of sub-projects and sectors
    that EMSRP II will finance and their anticipated impacts and identified mitigation measures.
    Based on the audit and assessment of the projects, the EMP highlighted the following
           Site-specific environmental screening review and assessment of key environmental
           An environmental audit of similar projects and regular maintenance and
            rehabilitation of essential infrastructure.
           Ensure adequate consultation during the assessment process.
           Develop an Environmental Monitoring Plan.
           Develop methodologies and procedures to be applied in context of the EMP.
           Grouping the sub-projects into sectors Roads, Water and Wastewater, Electricity,
            Solid waste, Public Buildings and Facilities and Chemicals.

15. The EMP is prepared in compliance with the Palestinian environmental laws and municipal
    bylaws. It provides tools for the evaluation and management of the impacted environmental
    parameters and they are:
           Dust and gases emissions
           Water (wastewater, surface water discharge, storm water)
           Construction waste
           Accidental risks
           Loss of vegetation

16. The EMP has included specific guidelines as mitigation measures for safe handling of the
    pests and management for the insects and rodent control (please see Annex 1 entitled Pest
    Management Plan). These guidelines have been authorized by the Palestinian Ministry of
    Health. The EMP has also included some mitigation measures that should be considered
    while using transformers that contain PCBs (please see Annex 2 entitled “Maintenance and
    Replacement of PCBs based electrical transformers, Safety instructions and mitigations
    measures for participating municipalities”).

17. The EMP elaborated the requirements for the environmental management and monitoring of
    the Municipal Infrastructure and Services Audit (MISA) projects and provided tools for the
    environmental auditing. The overall assessment is provided by means of general judgment
    and statements using tables, which can be summarized that the MISA projects are positive
    and their impacts are manageable and can be controlled.
18. Site specific Environmental Screening, Review and Assessment. The MDLF will have the
    responsibility of reviewing and assessing the environmental feasibility of the proposed sub-
    projects. This will be carried out by the MDLF team who has prior experience from EMSRP
    but will receive additional environment specific training during the life of the project. The
    MDLF team will also liaise with key stakeholders including EQA and the recipient
    municipalities. The team will also liaise with the appropriate officials from the Department of
    Antiquities at the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities where needed.
19. An environmental audit of a sample of implemented sub-projects will be carried on an annual
    basis by specialized consulting firms recruited by the MDLF and financed by the project.
    This consultant will also assess the MDLF team capacity and performance and recommend
    areas that need further strengthening.
20. Environmental Capacity Building and Training Program: The MDLF and through its
    Capacity Building Department and in cooperation with EQA will initiate specifically tailored
    environment related training to municipal project related officials. It will also liaise with the
    Palestinian Engineers Syndicate and the Contractors Association to carry out similar training
    tailored to contractors. Training will be conducted both in the West Bank and in Gaza.
21. Mitigation Measures: The primary objective of environmental management plan is to define
    the necessary mitigation measures that would be considered / implemented at the various
    stages of project implementation (design, construction and post construction). The type and
    magnitude of the impacts vary one sub-project to another depending on the scale, local
    hosting environment and tools adopted for physical implementation.
22. The environmental audit adopted a methodology of consultation and requesting feedback
    from potential beneficiaries through a well designed and structured questionnaire. The
    questionnaire covered public and environmental health, water and sanitation, solid waste,
    noise and psychological comfort, land use, air pollution and public safety.
23. The results of the questionnaire are considered as indicators of the improvements in the
    different environmental subjects. Both positive and negative impacts on the environment and
    social life are presented in details as the findings of the environmental audit. Environmental
    auditing is recommended during the different phases of the project to ensure further
    assessment of the impacts and to control their effects. The following environmental matrix
    shows the expected impacts covered by the reviewed sub-projects and lists the mitigations to
    be implemented prior, during and post the construction phase of the sub-projects.
24. EMP and Monitoring Cost Estimate: The cost associated with implementing the EMP and
    monitoring of environmental safeguards is accommodated by the project and estimated at
    US$104,250. The project will finance as part of the MDLF’s management fee the
    remuneration of an environmental specialist as a member of its core team. While, the cost of
    related designs, clean up and disposal of construction debris and waste will be included in the
    sub-project contract financed by the Grant. This is estimated to cost on average around 3-5%
    of the municipal grants.
25. The cost of supervision and monitoring the EMP as well as the proposed training programs
    addressed to municipal staff and eligible contractors will be part of the Terms of Reference of
    the Local Technical Consulting firms (LTC) to be contracted by the MDLF for the entire life
    of the project. The Terms of Reference of these firms have been reviewed and approved by
    the Bank’s team. The LTC will report on semi-annual basis the compliance with the EMP and
    recommend actions for non-compliance cases.
26. The costs associated with implementing post construction measures will be financed through
    the annual municipal budgets for operations and maintenance of assets and infrastructure.
    During the supervision missions, the Bank team will review at random a sample municipal
    budgets and confirm that such budget include specific line items for post project mitigation
         Table 1: Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan Matrix
No.     Sector        Phase                 Impact                     Mitigation Measure                 Operation       Supervision
 1    Road Sub-     Constructi   Dust generated by                Monitor the excavations.               Consultant and    Municipality
      Projects      on           construction activities.         Applying (spraying) water where         Contractor      and Supervision
      (14)                                                        possible.                                                  Engineer
                                                                  Avoid work during windy days.
                                                                  Proper activity scheduling and         Consultant and    Municipality
                                                                  working hours and days.                 Contractor      and Supervision
                                 Increasing the concentration     Proper scheduling and working          Consultant and    Municipality
                                 of pollutants and noise.         hours and of any risky activities.      Contractor
                                 Increase the risk of accidents   Traffic regulation signs and           Contractor and    Municipality
                                 during construction.             Traffic calming measures.               Consultant      and Supervision
                                                                  Use signs to control speed limit.        Contractor      Municipality
                                                                                                                          and Supervision
                                                                  Provision of adequate notification     Contractor and    Municipality
                                                                  procedures for any road closures        Consultant      and Supervision
                                 Loss of aesthetic features       Monitor the using of safety            Consultant and    Municipality
                                 due to illegal dumps.            measures.                               Contractor      and Supervision
                                                                  Dump at proper and approved            Consultant and    Municipality
                                                                  sites.                                  Contractor      and Supervision
                                 Potential accidental break of    Survey of existing facilities          Consultant and    Municipality
                                 other water lines and other      during the design.                      Contractor      and Supervision
                                 utilities.                       The contractor consults relevant                           Engineer
                                                                  utilities, agencies or companies.
                                 Construction waste               Proper plans for disposing off          Consultant       Municipality
                                 generated.                       construction waste including
                                                                  waste generated from used
                                                                  machinery (used oil) to be
                                                                  included in the contract
                                 Due to obstruction, traffic      Monitor the use of traffic signs,      Consultant and    Municipality
                                 concentration will be            safety measures and tools.              Contractor      and Supervision
                                 transferred to other streets                                                                Engineer
                                 causing traffic congestions.

                    Post-        Long-term traffic increase.      Traffic signs to reduce the traffic    Consultant and    Municipality
                    constructi                                    (one-way sign) and traffic              Contractor      and Supervision
                    on                                            calming signs.                                             Engineer
                                 Increase the risk of             Traffic regulation signs and traffic    Consultant       Municipality
                                 accidents.                       calming measures.
                                 Cumulative increase in dust      Control the traffic speed.              Municipality
                                 and gas emissions because of     Maintain vegetation cover.
                                 more traffic movement.           Regular checks of vehicle.
                                 Maintenance of new assets        Prepare an annual maintenance           Municipality        MOLG
                                 (roads and associated            plan as well as setting an
                                 wastewater and storm             allocation for the necessary
                                 drainage networks)               financial resources in the annual
2       School      Constructi   Dust generated by                Monitor the excavations.                Consultant       Municipality
      and Health    on           construction activities.         Applying (spraying) water where         Contractor      and Supervision
       facilities                                                 possible.Avoid work during                                 Engineer
         Sub-                                                     windy days.
       projects                  Increase the risk of             Proper scheduling of any risky         Consultant and    Municipality
          (3)                    accidents.                       activities.                             Contractor      and Supervision
                                                                 Traffic signs to ensure proper         Consultant and    Municipality
                                                                 routing and distribution of traffic.    Contractor      and Supervision
                               Construction waste                Clear site management plans and          Contractor      Municipality
                               generated and left in site.       dumping at proper and approved                          and Supervision
                                                                 sites                                                      Engineer
                               Improper disposal of              Ensure that the facilities are           Contractor      Municipality
                               generated waste.                  connected to either wastewater                          and Supervision
                                                                 network and if not available to a                          Engineer
                                                                 septic tank that is regularly

                  Post-        Loss of aesthetic due to the      Design of landscaping around the        Consultant       Municipality
                  constructi   increase in built-up areas.       facility.
                  on           Noise around the facility by      Traffic regulation signs and traffic    Consultant       Municipality
                               traffic movement.                 calming measures.
                               Improper disposal and pile        Cleaning and removal of wastes           Contractor      Municipality
                               up of construction wastes         to landfills or designated areas.                       and Supervision
                               Inadequate functioning of         Ensure systematic maintenance of         Municipal       Municipality
                               the wastewater collection         the network/septic tanks.               Maintenance
                               system.                                                                   Department
 3   Maintenan    Constructi   Increasing the concentration      Proper scheduling and monitor of       Consultant and    Municipality
     ce of        on           of pollutants, noise and odor.    any risky activities.                   Contractor      and Supervision
     water,                                                                                                                 Engineer
     wastewate                 Dust generated by
     r, storm                  construction activities.
     drainage                  Disturb the features.
                               Increase the risk of disease      Monitor the using of safety            Consultant and    Municipality
                                                                 measures and tools.                     Contractor      and Supervision
                               Loss of aesthetic features        Proper plans for disposing off         Consultant and    Municipality
                               due to illegal dumps.             broken pipes, manholes and other        Contractor      and Supervision
                                                                 waste to be included in the                                Engineer
                                                                 contract documents.
                               Construction waste                Clear site management plans and          Contractor      Municipality
                               generated.                        dumping at proper and approved                          and Supervision
                                                                 sites                                                      Engineer
                  Post-        Regular maintenance of            Monitor the clogging or breakage        Municipality     Municipality
                  constructi   networks                          in the network and respond
                  on                                             immediately to maintain it.

                                                                 Ensure that disposal of
                                                                 wastewater is done properly.
 4      Road      Constructi   Risks during maintenance          Maintenance activities should be       Consultant and    Municipality
      Lighting    on           activities (electric shocks,      carried out in off-peak periods.        Contractor      and Supervision
       and/or                  fallen objects, cutting wires).                                                              Engineer
         (2)                   Electricity cut off due to        Follow safety measures and             Consultant and    Municipality
                               maintenance activities.           conditions.                             Contractor      and Supervision
                  Post-        Electricity poles hinder the      Relocate electricity poles.            Consultant and    Municipality
                  constructi   movement and traffic.                                                     Contractor      and Supervision
                  on                                                                                                        Engineer
                                                                 The cables, which are very close       Consultant and    Municipality
                                                                 to houses, should be replaced and       Contractor      and Supervision
                                                                 insulated.                                                 Engineer
                                                                 Routine checks to installed poles.      Municipality     Municipality
     Maintenan    Project      Negative impact on ground         Ensure the follow up of proper           Municipal       Municipality
5.                             water.                            procedure of disposal of                Maintenance     and Supervision
      ce and      Implemen
         Replaceme     tation                                        transformers especially those with      Department         Engineer
            nt of                                                    PCBs content.
          Electric                                                 a.    the transformers should be
         Transform                                                       cased off tightly in a non
                                                                         degradable plastic bags and
             ers                                                         land-filled in the approved
                                                                         locations by the municipality.
                                                                   b. Procurement of all new
                                                                         transformers should be non-
                                                                         PCBs to the extent that the
                                                                         market provides alternatives at
                                                                         competitive cost.
    6.    Use of        Project       Negative impacts on human      Ensure that only WHO approved           Municipality        MDF /
         Pesticides    Implemen       health especially those with   pesticides is used.                                       Supervision
                         tation       Asthma or due to over dose                                                                Engineer
                                              application.           Ensure that residents are alerted in    Municipality      Supervision
                                                                     advance on the location and                                Engineer
                                                                     timing of spaying the pesticides.

                                                                      Application should be carried out      Municipality      Supervision
                                                                      during low activity hours.                                Engineer
                                                                      Ensure that pesticides are             Municipality      Supervision
                                                                      packaged, labeled, handled,                               Engineer
                                                                      stored, disposed of, and applied
                                                                      according to standards acceptable
                                                                      to the Bank. 1
         Uncovered     Accidental                                     Stop construction activities.           Contractor      MOTA & LTC
         Historical    excavation                                     Immediately notify Ministry of
         and           of cultural                                    Tourism and Antiquities.
    7.   Cultural      heritage
         Heritage      and
         Assets        archaeologi
                       cal assets.

General Comment: The contractor shall communicate closely with all relevant parties prior and during the construction phase
including MUNICIPALITY, EQA and Department of Antiquities at the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities.
 The FAO’s Guidelines for Packaging and Storage of Pesticides (Rome, 1985), Guidelines on Good Labeling
Practice for Pesticides (Rome, 1985), and Guidelines for the Disposal of Waste Pesticide and Pesticide Containers on
the Farm (Rome, 1985) are used as minimum standards.
Table 2: EMP Cost Estimates:

                    Activity                       Quantity      Unit Rate in      By Whom         Total in US$

1) Environment Specialist at MDLF (@ 50%               1          1,500/month        MDLF             29,250
over 3 year period) cost to be shared with other

2) Capacity Building and Training (workshops)          10            2,000            LTC             20,000

3) Environment Assessments for subprojects             4       5,000/assessment       LTC             20,000
were needed (local consultancy)

4) Random Environmental Audits through                 3          10,000/year         LTC             30,000
consulting firm

5) Miscellaneous                                                     5,000           MDLF              5,000

Total                                                                                                104,250

NOTE: The above budget is exclusively devoted to environmental monitoring. Items 1 and 5 will be part
of the MDLF’s budget while Items 2, 3 and 4 will be part of the TORs for the Local Technical Consulting
firms (LTC) who will be contracted by the MDLF for the life of the project. Cost of design and
implementation of mitigation measures will be financed from the grants issued to the municipalities and not
from the above budget. It is estimated that such costs would be on average around 3-5% of the municipal
                                         Annex 1

                                 Pest Management Plan

Many municipalities in the West Bank and Gaza are responsible for providing the
necessary services for protecting and controlling the public health from pests and other
kinds of reptiles. A number of these muncipalities have indicated, when asked, that the
used pesticides must be certified by the Palestinian Ministry of Health (MOH). MOH
conducts the needed inspection arrangements and licensing on regularly basis on
materials purchased by the municipalities or purchased directly by the MOH and
distributed to municipalities for use under special arrangements and consideration of
specific mitigation measures.
The developed Palestinian standard used by the MOH and approved by the National
Standards Institute is based on the WHO standard. The MDLF has developed the
following environmental instructions that should be used during procurement of goods,
using and storing of pesticides for those sub-projects aiming at purchasing pesticides.
However, the MDLF mitigation measures are based on the international practices
accepted by the World Bank and based on the Palestinian environmental policies and

Purchasing of Pesticides
Based on the FAO’s Guidelines for Packaging and Storage of Pesticides (Rome, 1985),
the procurement of any pesticide in a Bank-financed project is contingent on an
assessment of the nature and degree of associated risks, taking into account the proposed
use and intended users. With respect to the classification of pesticides and their specific
formulations, the Bank refers to the World Health Organization’s Recommended
Classification of Pesticides by Hazard and Guidelines to Classification (Geneva: WHO
1994-95). The following criteria apply to the selection and use of pesticides in Bank-
financed projects and sub-projects:

     (a) They must have negligible adverse human health effects.
     (b) They must be shown to be effective against the target species.
     (c) They must have minimal effect on non-target species and the natural
         environment. The methods, timing, and frequency of pesticide application are
         aimed to minimize damage to natural enemies. Pesticides used in public health
         programs must be demonstrated to be safe for inhabitants and domestic animals
         in the treated areas, as well as for personnel applying them.
     (d) Their use must take into account the need to prevent the development of
         resistance in pests.
The Bank requires that any pesticide it finances be manufactured, packaged, labeled,
handled, stored, disposed of, and applied according to standards acceptable to the Bank.
In reference to the Local Council Law no.1 for year 1997/Article (15) municipalities in
West Bank and Gaza Strip are responsible for protecting and controlling the public health
within their villages and cities and conducting the needed arrangements to clean and kill
insects, pests, and other reptiles. Those municipalities responsible for purchasing needed
pesticides should follow special arrangements specified by the Palestinian Ministry of
Health, these instructions are as following:
     1. The contractor and pesticide provider should include in the bidding documents a
        certification indicating that the offered material is licensed by the MOF as
        material accepted to be used with no effect on public health;
     2. Certifications should be original and written in English or Arabic;
     3. The material should include a data sheet clarifying the production date and
        expiry date clearly, which should not be less than two years from the date of
        purchasing the material by the municipality;
     4. The materials should be inspected by a licensed laboratory (usually it is
        inspected by the laboratory at the MOH) and the cost of inspection should be
        covered by the provider;
     5. Supply only pesticides of adequate quality, packaged and labeled as appropriate.
     6. Pay special attention to formulations, presentation, packaging and labeling in
        order to reduce hazard to users, to the maximum extent possible consistent with
        the effective functioning of the pesticide in the particular circumstances in
        which it is to be used; and
     7. Provide, with each package of pesticide, information and instructions in a form
        and language adequate to ensure safe and effective use.

Measures for Using and Storing of Pesticides
Municipalities are used to use the pesticide during the summer semester starting in May
till September on a daily basis and at specific time shortly before the sun set. Large
municipalities with different residential areas are usually designated into sections for easy
access and within the capacity of the municipality and availability of pest-control
spraying machines.
The following is a set of mitigation measures that shall be considered before and during
spraying process of the pesticides:
   1. Specify and inform citizens in advance about the spraying time and nominate in
      advance the number of workers responsible for the spraying.
   2. Supervision of the spraying process should continue during the whole designated
      spraying period which usually during summer semester.
   3. Storage of pesticide should be in a well identified storage space with limited
      access to those other than municipal staff and inspection teams.
   4. Disposal of used canisters or containers should be follow proper procedures as not
      to mix it with daily municipal waste.
In addition the municipality should comply with the instructions provided in the pesticide
package and those instructions promoted by MOH.
                                                   Annex 2

      Maintenance and Replacement of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) based
                            Electrical Transformers

     Safety instructions and mitigation measures for participating municipalities

The safety instructions and mitigation measures are presented in this section for sub-
projects involved in maintenance and/or supply and installation of Polychlorinated
Biphenyls (PCBs)1 based electrical transformers at participating municipalities. The
MDLF and based on data collected from a sample municipalities in West Bank and Gaza
is hereafter highlighting the main safety factors that designated departments at the
municipalities should be aware of and the special procedures and precautionary measures
required when dealing with PCBs based electrical transformers. The collected
information indicated that replacing the oil is seldom carried out but when necessary the
transformer suppliers are responsible to carryout such maintenance work.
Nonetheless, the MDLF has concerns over the toxicity and persistence in the
environment of Polychlorinated that is used in these transformers. A number of
municipalities especially those that provide electricity services, Nablus municipality to
name one, have PCBs based electrical transformers that have been in operation for more
than 30 years. The MDLF is therefore is presenting hereafter the mitigation measures for
maintenance or replacement of transformers sub-projects. In case of purchasing of new
transformers the MDLF would approve and finance only those transformers that are
PCBs free after insuring the availability of suppliers in the local market at relatively
competitive price. Replaced transformers will need to comply with the procedures for
proper disposal also highlighted in this Annex.

Purchasing of Transformers
Based on the information collected by the MDF from municipalities the following
transformers are usually purchased by the municipalities. All these transformers follow
the country law that prohibits the importing of transformers with PCB's.

    1. Oil immersed transformers.
    2. Transformers with mineral oil.
    3. Dry type transformers (indoor used for residential area i.e buildings, 50%
       expensive from the oily one)
    4. Transformers with FR3 (vegetarian oil, 15% more expensive from the oil
       transformers and its not always available)

  PCBs are mixtures of man-made chemicals with similar chemical structures. PCBs can range from oily
liquids to waxy solids. Due to their non-flammability, chemical stability, high boiling point and electrical
insulating properties, PCBs were used in hundreds of industrial and commercial applications including
electrical, heat transfer, and hydraulic equipment; as plasticizers in paints, plastics and rubber products; in
pigments, dyes and carbonless copy paper and many other applications
   5. Transformers with silicon oil. (rarely used)

Replacement of transformers
EMSRP II sub-projects will only finance the purchase of new transformers that are PCBs
free with consideration of competitive value market. However, the municipality should
realize that installation of transformers is forbidden.
        in the dangerously explosive and aggressive medium, containing gases, vapors,
         dust of high concentration, etc.;
        at the places subject to vibration and jolting;
        when frequent switching on-and-off (systematically over 10 times a day) are

Uses of Existing Transformers
Most transformers containing PCBs may continue to be used for their remaining useful
(active) or normal lives. There are, however, several exceptions under which PCBs
transformers (containing 500 ppm or more PCBs) should not be kept in place:

   1. The use or storage of PCBs based transformers is prohibited in any location where
      human food or animal feed products could be exposed to PCBs released from the
   2. Combustible materials may not be stored within 5 m (16.4 ft) of a PCBs-based
      transformer enclosure.
   3. Use of higher, secondary-voltage (480 V or greater), network PCBs transformers
      in or near commercial buildings is prohibited.
   4. Higher, secondary-voltage (480 V or greater), radial PCBs based transformers
      used in or near commercial buildings shall be equipped with electrical protection
      to avoid transformer ruptures caused by high-current faults and those caused by
      sustained, low-current faults.
   5. Lower, secondary-voltage (less than 480 V), network PCBs based transformers
      that are not located in sidewalk vaults shall be equipped with electrical protection
      to avoid transformer ruptures caused by high-current faults, or they shall be
      removed from service.
   6. Lower, secondary-voltage (less than 480 V), network PCBs based transformers
      that are located in sidewalk vaults near commercial buildings shall be removed
      from service.
   7. All lower, secondary-voltage (less than 480 V), radial PCBs based transformers
      shall be equipped with electrical protection to avoid transformer ruptures from
      sustained, high-current faults.

Maintenance and Inspection of Transformers
Maintenance and servicing of PCBs based transformers is allowed with a dielectric fluid
at any concentration. However, if the oil needs to be removed to service the transformer,
it shall not be re-used but shall be disposed of by calling the original equipment provider
or specialized environmental companies. If the availability of such services does not
exist then the municipality trained workers should replace the oil with considering the
MDF mitigation measures.

PCBs based transformers shall be visually inspected routinely for leaks by the designated
department at participating municipalities. Visual inspections may be carried out at any
time as long as there are at least 30 days between inspections. Monthly inspections are
recommended. Logs of such inspections are highly recommended.

All leaking transformers shall be repaired immediately, or the transformer shall be
replaced by the responsible department or agency. A leak shall be cleaned up within 24
hours from discovery. All active leaks shall be contained in a drip-pan or by other
appropriate methods. Daily inspections are required until the leak is properly addressed.

Mitigation and Safety Precautions

The following instructions will be adhered to by the designated department staff at
participating municipalities:
   1. lift the transformers and its active parts with care and using only the parts
      (hoisting staples) specially intended for this purposes.
   2. do not change over the transformers under voltage.
   3. fence the draining zone while drying or warming up the transformer by electric
      heaters or by allowing drains to leak into a steel tank. Ground the tank in which
      the drying is performed. Ventilate the premises in which transformers and
      transformer oil are being dried. Do not use highly inflammable materials (felt,
      wood shavings, tow, paper, etc.) for heat insulation of the tank while drying.
   4. in the process of repairing the transformer you should remember that the
      transformer oil is a highly inflamed substance which has a high combustion
      temperature and difficult to be extinguished. Therefore, all jobs, especially those
      dealing with welding and drying are to be performed very carefully, in accordance
      with the fire-prevention rules in force.
   5. do not store the highly inflammable fluids in he premises where the transformer in
      installed, do not smoke, do note strike matches and do not use he heating devices
      with open flame.

Disposal of PCBs based Transformers
The municipalities who still own PCBs transformers usually sell them in auctions for the
salvage venders. The municipalities do not handle these equipments and the buyers have
trained workers to do this job.

Workers Health safety
Inhalation of vapors and/or mists might irritate respiratory tract. Prolonged skin contact
will cause skin rash, brown-grey pigmentation and possible irritation. Eye contact might
cause irritation. In such case the first aid measures would be according to the following:
Inhalation:      if inhalation of mists, fumes or vapors occur causing irritation, move to
                 fresh water air. If the symptoms persist, obtain medical advice.
Skin contact: remove immediately adhering matter and wash off with soap and plenty of
Eye contact: rinse with plenty of water.
Ingestion:       clean mouth with water. Obtain medical advice if a large amount has been
                 swallowed. Do not induce vomiting.
The workers should read the Material Safety Data Sheet for PCB's prior to working on
equipment where PCB's are known/likely to be present. The Personal protection
equipments below should be used for handling PCB contaminated material:
             -   gloves-splash proof-mid arm. Suitable material for gloves.
             -   Full face shield and hair protection if working overhead (eg light fixtures).
                 If not working overhead safety glasses shall be used as minimum.
Personal hygiene is very important after handling PCB's, even if gloves are worn, wash
hands well before eating, drinking, smoking or using the toilet.

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Description: Municipal Management Service Delivery Project Date of delivery