Ultra Start FAQ pub Bottle Feeding

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					                                       ULTRA START® 150
                                       FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS                                               CALF COLOSTRUM
Q: What is colostrum, and why is it so important for the newborn calf?
Colostrum is the first milk produced by the cow after giving birth. Calves are born with little ability to fight disease, and must
consume protective antibodies from their mother’s colostrum to stay healthy and grow well. The process of acquiring
immunity from colostrum is called passive transfer of immunity. When a calf does not receive enough antibodies from
colostrum it is said to have failure of passive transfer, or FPT. In addition to providing antibodies, colostrum is a rich
source of protein, fat, natural growth hormones, minerals, and vitamins for the newborn calf.
                          Feeding high-quality colostrum promptly after the calf is born
             is the single best way to help ensure the long term health and productivity of the calf.

Q: When should I feed colostrum to my calf?
In the first day of life, the newborn calf has the ability to absorb antibodies directly into its bloodstream. Antibody absorption
is most efficient immediately after birth, and steadily declines to virtually zero at 24 hours of age. It is extremely important
to feed colostrum as quickly as possible after the calf is born, within 2 hours whenever possible, and continue feeding only
colostrum for the first day of life, to maximize antibody intake and absorption.

Q: How much antibody does a calf need?
Recent research shows that most calves need a minimum of 150 grams of antibodies in the first few hours of life to have
the best chance of achieving passive transfer of immunity.

Q: How do I know if my calf got enough antibodies?
The antibody content of maternal colostrum can be evaluated cow-side at calving using a colostrometer. A colostrometer
is a tool that estimates antibody content by measuring the specific gravity (density or weight per unit of volume) in the
liquid colostrum. The colostrometer is most accurate if the colostrum sample is at room temperature, so fresh colostrum
should be cooled and stored colostrum should be warmed prior to use. A colostrometer will not tell you exactly how much
antibody is in the colostrum, but will provide an indicator (green = good, yellow = moderate, red = poor quality) that the
colostrum is acceptable for use.
Antibodies in colostrum supplements and replacers are often labeled as IgG (immunoglobulin G) or globulin protein. The
quantity of antibodies is typically guaranteed on the label; however, the rate of absorption (the proportion of antibody that
actually gets into the calf’s bloodstream) varies between products and antibody sources.

Q: What is the difference between a colostrum supplement and a colostrum replacer?
A colostrum supplement usually contains 35 – 65 grams of IgG per dose. It is not intended to completely replace
maternal colostrum, only to supplement it. Most products are pasteurized and disease-fee, and guarantee the level of IgG.
2 to 3 packages of colostrum supplement may be needed to provide adequate IgG to obtain passive transfer of immunity.
The lower concentration of IgG makes it virtually impossible, to administer enough IgG in one feeding using a supplement.
A colostrum replacer contains more than 100 grams of IgG per dose, and is intended to replace maternal colostrum in a
single feeding.

Q: When should a colostrum REPLACER be used?
High-quality maternal colostrum is widely considered the ideal first meal for the newborn calf because it is rich in essential
nutrients, the antibody content typically matches the farm pathogen profile, and it contains additional nutrients (hormones,
growth factors, etc.) not found in some colostrum replacement products.
Sometimes maternal colostrum is NOT the best choice - a colostrum replacer should be used in the following situations:
         1. When no clean, high-quality colostrum is available
         2. To prevent transmission of diseases such as Johne’s, Bovine Leucosis, and BVD
         3. For calves born at night on farms without night labor to milk fresh cows
         5. To ensure adequate antibody intake for high value calves to help assure strong immune status

 Milk Products LLC • P.O. Box 150 • Chilton WI 53014 • 920-849-2348 8 a.m.-5 p.m. CST • Fax: 920-849-9014 • •
                                        ULTRA START® 150
                                        FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS                                               CALF COLOSTRUM
Q: When should a colostrum SUPPLEMENT be used?
         1. When clean, high-quality colostrum is in short supply
         2. To boost antibody intake for high value calves to help assure strong immune status
         3. Added to milk replacer to provide antibodies and a nutritional boost to calves during stress

Q: What is the best way to feed a colostrum replacer to a calf?
Colostrum replacer can be bottle-fed or administered through an esophageal tube feeder if needed. When feeding less
than 1.5 quarts, research has shown that bottle feeding is more effective than tube feeding to achieve passive transfer of
immunity. If the calf will not drink voluntarily, a tube feeder may be needed to help the calf consume the full dose of
colostrum. Remember - use caution when tube feeding a weak calf. If the calf cannot sit up unassisted, don’t tube - call
your veterinarian.

Q: How does Ultra Start® 150 compare to other colostrum replacers?

                                                                                                              MSC                       Alta
                              Sav-A-Caf®                   APC                     Agrilabs
                                                                                                            Advance®                 Genetics
                              Ultra Start®               Acquire®                  Colostrx®
                                                                                                           Rite StartTM            Calf's Choice
                                  150                      150                       130
                                                                                                            Complete               Total® Silver
 Source of IgG                 Colostrum                   Serum                     Serum                  Colostrum                 Colostrum
 Dose Size                        335 g                     550 g                     500 g                    454 g                     470 g
 IgG (globulin)                   150 g                     150 g                     130 g                    100 g                     100 g
  per Dose
 % IgG by Weight                  44.8%                    27.3%                     26.0%                     22.0%                    21.3%

Q: Is there more than one source of immunoglobulin for calves?
Bovine immunoglobulin is commercially available for calf supplement products from 3 sources – dried colostrum, dried
blood serum, and dried eggs from hyper-immunized hens.
Dried colostrum
Farms are contracted for participation based on Grade A certification, negative disease status and clean collection
Broad spectrum of antibodies due to large pool of source cows
Most sources are 100% traceable to source farm and cow
Pasteurized and guaranteed colostrum-transmissible disease free
Many are manufactured under human food standards
Many sources were poorly absorbed in the past, but new collection and processing results in excellent IgG absorption
Dried blood serum
USDA slaughter facility blood collection with all cattle collected graded fit for human consumption
Broad spectrum of antibodies due to wide pool of source cows but highly variable
High quality, clean sources are generally absorbed comparably to maternal colostrum
No traceability to source cows or farms
No certification of negative disease status on the live cattle, but spray drying kills most pathogens
Typically irradiated to reduce bacterial counts
Dried Egg
Collected from hens hyper-immunized to produce antibodies against specific calf pathogens
Narrow spectrum of antibodies - each additional pathogen adds cost
Can be highly effective against a specific health challenge on a farm
Most sources are collected using human food standards
Not suitable as a sole source of antibody for colostrum supplements - egg antibody is primarily
immunoglobulin Y, which is not absorbed by the newborn calf

  Milk Products LLC • P.O. Box 150 • Chilton WI 53014 • 920-849-2348 8 a.m.-5 p.m. CST • Fax: 920-849-9014 • •

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