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Feeding Children Bottle Feeding

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					              Feeding Infants
                       1. Breast milk is the best food for babies the first
                          four to six months.

                       2. With bottle feeding, be sure everything is CLEAN,
                          and always hold your baby during feeding.

                       3. The keys to feeding your baby are:
                          • tune into your baby’s needs
                          • choose healthy foods for your baby
                          • let your baby decide how much and
                            when to eat.

                       4. Start giving your baby solid foods at age four to
                          six months.

                       5. You do not have to buy commercial baby food.
                          Feed your baby mashed table food mixed with a
                          little water, formula, or breast milk.

                       6. Do not give cow’s milk until your baby is one year
                          old.


Mini-Goals: To keep my baby healthy, I will…_____________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________



                                                                Life Cycle, 2004
                          BREASTFEEDING YOUR BABY

Get Started:
   • Breastfeed as soon as possible after your baby is born.
   • Get into a comfortable position when feeding.
   • You can feed sitting, lying or with a football hold.
   • Be sure the baby is latching on by taking most of the dark skin around the nipple.
   • Nurse your baby every 2 to 3 hours.
   • Feed your baby more often when she/he is extra hungry.

Your Baby is Getting Enough Breast Milk if:
   • There are 6 to 8 wet diapers a day.
   • There are 2 or more dirty diapers a day.
   • The baby is growing.

If your Breasts Feel too Large and Full…
    • This may mean your baby needs to nurse more often or for longer periods.
    • Put a warm wet washcloth on your breast or express some milk for relief.


                          BOTTLE FEEDING YOUR BABY

If you Decide to Bottle Feed, REMEMBER:
    • Hold your baby when feeding. It helps babies feel more secure and
       forms a special bond between you.
    • Look at and talk softly to your baby during feeding.
    • Bottle is only for formula, water or expressed breast milk.
    • Sweetened drinks or solid foods in bottles can cause choking, tooth decay, overeating
       and poor appetite.
    • Do not prop a bottle, it can cause ear infections, choking, and tooth decay.

Choosing the Formula:
  • Your doctor will help you decide which
      formula is best for your baby.
  • Iron-fortified formula is the only kind to use.

Preparing the Bottles:
   • Cleanliness is IMPORTANT all the time.
   • Read directions before you mix the formula.
   • Prepare only enough bottles for one day.
   • Refrigerate prepared bottles until use.

CAUTION:
  • Do not give your baby cow’s milk before one year.
  • Never heat a bottle in microwave; the milk may get too hot.
  • Throw out any breastmilk or formula left in a bottle and wash the bottle.
  • Wean your baby off a bottle onto a cup by age 12-14 months.
                          FEEDING YOUR BABY SOLID FOODS

MILK: • Breast milk or iron-fortified formula is the only food babies need until they are 4 to 6
          months old.
        • Give babies breast milk or iron-fortified formula until they are a year old. Never give
          cow’s milk before the baby is 12 months old.

          Baby’s Age                   The Baby Can                       Food to Introduce

   4 to 6 months                - sit with support               Baby Cereal:
                                - hold head steady               - start with iron-fortified rice cereal
                                - remove food from spoon         for 3-5 days; watch for allergy
                                with lips and tongue             reaction
                                - open mouth for food            - make the cereal thin with
                                                                 breastmilk or formula
                                                                 - feed the cereal with a spoon
                                                                 - introduce oat or barley cereal next,
                                                                 but one at a time

   5 to 8 months                - sit without help               Add Vegetables and Fruits:
   -feed small 2-3 meals a      - move mouth to chew food        - start with strained vegetables then
   day                          - put food in mouth by           fruits
                                himself/herself                  - give one kind at a time with 3-5
                                - start drinking from a cup      days apart and watch for allergic
                                around 7 months                  reactions
                                                                 - choose fruit juice with Vitamin C.
                                                                 Give only 2-4 oz. per day, from a
                                                                 cup.


   8 to 10 months               - bite food                      Add Meat, Chicken and Fish:
   -feed small 2-3 meals a      - pick up small pieces of food   - start with mashed or strained meat
   day                          with fingers and feed            or chicken; one at a time; watch for
                                himself/herself                  allergies
                                                                 - mashed boneless fish; watch for
                                                                 allergies
                                                                 - mashed egg yolk (not egg white –
                                                                 whites can cause allergies)
                                                                 - mashed beans (pinto, kidney,
                                                                 lentils)

   10 to 12 months              -use a spoon and cup easily      Finger Foods such as:
                                                                 - toast strips
                                                                 - small pieces of soft cooked
                                                                 vegetables & peeled soft fruits
                                                                 - small pieces of boneless chicken,
                                                                 meat or fish
                                                                 - cheese slices
                                                                 Be careful about choking

                                                                 Mixed Dishes such as:
                                                                 - scrambled egg yolk only (no white)
                                                                 - macaroni, noodles, pasta
                                                                 - casseroles of soft foods
                                             MAKE YOUR OWN BABY FOOD

Why Make Your Own Baby Food?
  • Making your own baby food costs less than commercial baby food.
  • Feed your baby mashed food mixed with water, formula or breastmilk.
  • This allows your baby to get used to the types of food your family eats.

What Do You Need?
  • Baby food grinder or blender or strainer or simply a fork.
  • Good quality fresh foods. Do not make baby food from leftovers that
      have been kept for more than one day.

What to Do?
  1. Wash your hands with hot soapy water. Wash all
      equipment in hot soapy water, rinse under hot
      water and let them air dry.

      2. Wash fruits and vegetables by scrubbing under
         cool water. Peel fruits and remove seeds.

      3. Remove bones, skin, and visible fat from meat.

      4. Bake, boil or steam food until soft and tender.

      5. Use the food grinder, blender, potato masher, or
         fork to mash the food until it is smooth.

      6. Add liquids such as cooking water, breast milk
         or formula if the food is thick or dry.

CAUTION:
  • Do not add sugar, salt, fat or spices to your baby food.
      •     Give only one new food at a time and watch for any allergic reaction.
      •     Never give your baby honey; it causes a serious illness known as infant botulism.
      •     Before 12 months, do not give your baby egg white; it causes allergies.
CHOKING:
  • Do not give your baby foods that can cause choking. These are small, dry or hard foods
            that are difficult to chew and easy to swallow, such as:
                     - Popcorn                        - Jelly beans                        - Hard candy
                     - Grapes                         - Raisins                            - Pieces of raw vegetables
                     - Seeds                          - Hot dogs                           - Peanuts
Adapted from: Feeding Your Baby Solid Foods, published by Nutrition Services/WIC Program, 1998. When Is My Baby Ready for
Table Foods? Published by Nutrition Services/WIC Program, 1998. Feeding Infants, published by Food and Nutrition Services,
USDA, 2002. www.fns.usda.gov/tn/Resources/feeding_infants.html

This material is based on work supported by Colorado State University Cooperative Extension through funding from the Food Stamp
Program, Food and Nutrition Service, Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program, and Cooperative State Research Education and
Extension Service, USDA. In accordance with Federal law and U.S. Department of Agriculture's policy, this institution is prohibited from
discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, religion, political beliefs, or disability. CSU and USDA are EEO/AA
employers.

The Food Stamp Program provides nutrition assistance to people with low income. It can help you buy nutritious foods for a better diet. To
find out more, contact your local Food Stamp office (look in the blue government pages under “social services department” or “welfare
department”). 8/04

				
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