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OASIS Integrating Standards for Web Services_ Business Processes

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Beijing E-Government and
     Open Standards

                     Shaofu Lin

   Deputy Director
   Beijing Informatization Promotion Center
   linsf@beijingit.gov.cn
                 Contents

   1. Development status
   2. Requirements and issues
   3. Beijing E-Government Framework
   4. Requirements for open standards
    The Phase of Beijing E-government
   Beijing e-government takes the leading position in
    China.
                             Elimination of digita
                                    l gulf                Phase V
                                                                     Seamless
                Online collaboratio                                 Integration
                n, one-stop service            Phase IV
                                                           Integrated Process
          Interaction wit                                 online        Doing
                                   Phase III
           h government
                                                Single Process online
                                                               Most done
One-way on           Phase II
-line service
                                     Web Publish               Done

           Phase I
                            Start up
    Multi-channel E-government Services
   4A Goals: Anyone, Anytime, Anywhere, Any channel
   E-government Portal
        The Capital Window : www.beijing.gov.cn
        Websites of municipal departments and districts/counties
   Digitalbeijing Kiosks
   Government Call Centers
        12345 (Mayer hotline)
        12319(Urban management hotline), etc
   Mobile Services
        SMS broadcasting and interaction
        Mobile info-collection and fieldwork, etc
   Interactive Service Counters/Windows
        Municipal/District/County service halls with information systems
    On-line E-government Services
   E-government portal
       The Capital Window : www.beijing.gov.cn
       159 websites of municipal departments and districts/counties
   Available services online
       Government information publicity
       Government and public interaction
       Government service for individuals
       Government service for business
       Culture services
     ……
   Coverage of government services
       About 85% of government service items in Beijing have been
        provided with online guidance, e-form downloading, service
        information query and etc.
       About 30% of government service items can be handled wholly or
        partly online.
               Typical Applications (1)
   2006’s Top 10 Digitalbeijing Applications, voted by 400,000+ residents.
   Transportation-In-One-Card Service System
        Taking bus, underground, taxi with one card
        Speeding up payment processing and improving convenience
        5.2 million cards and 6+ million transactions by November 2006
   Grid-based Urban Management System
        Dividing urban area into irregular grid of about 10,000 m2
        Geo-locating urban facilities and management events on the grids
        An urban management supervisor Collecting and reporting spot information
         of urban facilities and management events on 3-4 grids with mobile phone
        Timely find events or facility problems, rapid response, and timely settlement
   Full-course Transaction Attorney with Collaborative Approval and
    Supervision System
        Saving the time and cost of the residents and enterprises in the course of
         government services
        Improving government work efficiency
        Improving department-cross collaboration and business process integration
             Typical Applications (2)
   Industry & Commerce Administration Information System
    and Mobile Supervision Service
       Using RFID and mobile terminals to collect and publish food
        information of 140,000 food firms to inspect food security
       Insuring removal of unsafe food from marketplaces within 4 hours
   Medical Insurance Information System
       Providing medical insurance services to residents
       Supporting the effective management of the medical insurance fund
       Removal from the unsatisfied government service list (Top 1 in 2001)
   House Property Exchange Registry and Supervision System
       Real-time house property exchange information services
       One-stop transaction services – one-stop reception, distribution to
        correlative, collaborative approval, and timely ending transaction
             Typical Applications (3)
   Sanitation Supervision Information System
       1600+ sanitation supervisor in all sanitation supervision institutions
       Raising 40% of the administration efficiency, cutting 30%
        administration cost, and cutting 30% of information processing time
   Serve-for-Peasant Information Dak System
       Providing 4 kinds of services for peasants - Enrichment, Assistance,
        Convenience, and Amusement
       201 spots of information daks in 9 districts/counties
       Covering 56 towns, 1576 villages and 266+ peasants
       Help elimination of digital gulf between urban and rural areas
   Digitalbeijing Kiosk
       610+ kiosks located in convenient public places
       Providing routine living services for residents and tourists, such as
        payment, traffic, map, communication, etc.
       50+ information columns, 30+ topics
       700,000+ clicks of inquiry per day
                 Contents

   1. Development status
   2. Requirements and issues
   3. Beijing E-Government Framework
   4. Requirements for open standards
        Opportunities & Challenges
   Holding 2008 Beijing Olympic Games
      Preparing for the events

      Running and supporting the events

      Providing services for the participants

   Running and administration of an extra-large city
      Urban management

      Resource management and monitoring

      Economy controlling and monitoring

      Social security and emergency response

   Improving people’s living
      Providing public services for the residents
        Department-cross Collaboration
               Requirements
   Department-cross collaboration applications are
    increasingly developed.
       Social insurance information system
       City's Citizen Service Center
       Floating population management system
       Underground pipeline management system
       Land and house information sharing service
       Urban environment management system
       Emergency response system
       Intelligent traffic system
       ……
     Information Sharing Requirements
   More and more demands for information resource integration
    within government departments and information sharing
    among government departments.
   According to our investigation in 2005,
       Averagely one of the investigated 43 municipal departments requires
        sharing information from about 11 departments.
       Averagely one of 14 district and county governments requires sharing
        information from about 7 municipal departments.
   18 district and county governments all demand for the
    fundamental information of population, corporation and
    geospatial location.
       Population database system
       Corporation database system
       Geospatial database system
       Macro-economy database system
       E-government Requirement
            Characteristics
   Public service, economical management and social
    administration requires collaborative application
    and resource sharing and integration.
   E-government services change distributed
    provision into service integration, such as one-stop
    service on the Window of Capital.
   Application model changes into collaboration
    application and resource sharing and integration in
    internal, vertical and cross departments from single
    application in single department.
                Progress of Solution
   Draw Beijing e-government framework
       June 2004, released Technological Framework of Beijing E-
        government
       November 2006, drafted out Beijing E-government Framework
       2007, work on Business Frame and Service Framework of Beijing E-
        government
   Business Process Analysis
       Analyzing business process and collaborative service items of
        government departments, and initially compiling government
        business catalogues
       Analyzing online service items of government departments, and
        initially compiling government service catalogues
       Analyzing information resources of government department, and
        initially compiling data catalogues
                  Progress of Solution
   Information sharing readiness
       April 2006, Beijing government information resource sharing and exchange
        platform was built up and running online
       December 2006, information exchange nodes of 80%+ departments was set
        up and connected to the platform.
       March 2007, 8 district/county information sharing and exchange platforms or
        nodes have been built and connected to the municipal platform.
   Information sharing promotion
       Decision Information Service System, providing the decision information of
        the municipal departments to municipal officials
       13+ municipal departments and 5 district/county governments share the
        fundamental information of corporation.
       8 municipal departments verify the correlative fundamental information of
        population.
       A unified remote-sensing image database, a unified geocoding database and
        an e-government map service system have been running, providing shared
        geospatial information services for the municipal departments.
                      Existing Issues
   Reduplicate construction and low investment of e-
    government projects
   Reduplicate data collection leading to low efficiency and
    heavy workload for communities, villages, local neiborhood
    offices and town governments
       to collect data repeatedly for more than 30 municipal departments
   Laws and regulations need to be revised and drawn in
    information age
   Lack of standards and specifications of e-government
    application and information resources
   Business process issues
       Fuzzy department duties
       Uncertain service items and business process
       Nonstandard worksheet, document, and data item
   Technological issues
       Lack of e-government framework and architecture
       Lack of information sharing and exchange platform
       Interoperation and integration of e-government applications
                 Contents

   1. Development status
   2. Requirements and issues
   3. Beijing E-Government Framework
   4. Requirements for open standards
           Beijing E-Government Framework
                                  Service    Consumer        Content          Channel
                            1.
                                Business &            Business Architecture
Standards & Specifications




                                                  Business Field & Business Line
                               Application




                                                                                        Laws & Regulations
                                                       Business Application
                                                       Information System
                              Information        Information Resource Architecture
                               Resource      Collecting &Updating Publicity & Sharing
                                                  Fundamental Information Resource
                              Information Government       Catalogue & Information
                             Infrastructure Network         Exchange     Security
                                                             System      System
                              Management     Leader Organi Human Projects Inno-
                              Mechanism       -ship -zation Resource         vation
Technological Framework                                                          Business              Residents               Governments                     Employee


                                                                                 Channels           Web, Kiosk, TV, CCTV, Phone, Mobile, etc
                           Standards & Specifications, Management & Monitoring
                                                                                 Portal       The Window of Capital                  Office Service Portal
                         1.
                                                                                 Application Decision Application Collaboration Application Department Transaction

                                                                                              Common Service




                                                                                                                                                                                     Information Security
                                                                                                    Content Mgmt.        Report      License            Visualization       ……
                                                                                 Application
                                                                                             Infra Service
                                                                                 Support
                                                                                 Service            Security  Catalogue           Exchange        BusinessProcess           ……
                                                                                             Infra Components
                                                                                                         Information Sharing &
                                                                                                       Protocol   Metadata Message Workflow                                 ……
                                                                                                            Exchange Platform
                                                                                              Informative Service
                                                                                                                                           Service           User
                                                                                                                           Data                            Directory
                                                                                                Catalogue Resource       Catalogue        Catalogue

                                                                                 Information Information Theme                                              Synthesis
                                                                                                                      Fundamental         Application
                                                                                 Resource                                                                    Theme
                                                                                               Shared Information       Theme               Theme

                                                                                              Information Production        Transaction          Transaction           Transaction
                                                                                                Department Source Data       Database             Database              Database


                                                                                 Network     Wired Network           Wireless Network                 Public Network
SOA E-Government Application Architecture
     SOA Architecture
     Based on ESB middleware
                        E-Government Application
       Business Field/Line Service (Transactional & Functional)
   Data    Data
                        BPM         Portal     Catalogue
 Exchange Sharing                                                  System
                      Service      Service      Service Security
 Service Service                                                 Management
                                                         Service
     Adapter     BPEL         EPO               Metadata          Service
     Service    Service     Service             Service
        Data     Management       Common   BPEL &  Security
      Exchange   & Monitoring      Service  EPO   Components
     Components Components Components Components
                          Enterprise Service Bus
                   Reliable, Asynchronous Secure Messaging
                                    JMS
              Content – Based Routing (XPATH)
                                                  MOM/Email/ (XSLT)
            J2EE .Net WebService DB/File           Transformation
                                                                  Others
                                                  FTP/HTTP
                                    Adapters
                 Contents

   1. Development status
   2. Requirements and issues
   3. Beijing E-Government Framework
   4. Requirements for open standards
    E-Government Standard Framework
   International standards, national standards (GB series) and industrial
    standards are majority, and local standards are minority.
   Common infrastructure standards, network infrastructure standards,
    application support standards and information security standards are
    primarily national standards (GB series) and industrial standards.
   Application and information standards and management standards
    are primarily local standards.




                                                                 Information Security
                 Application and Information Standards
    Management
     Standards




                                                                      Standards
                    Application Support Standards

                   Network Infrastructure Standards

                   Common Infrastructure Standards
         Adoption of Open Standards
   Standards related to web service, such as XML,
    SOAP, WSDL, UDDI, BPEL and etc

   Standards related to metadata, directory, workflow,
    business process, transaction, and etc

   Standards related to message, data element,
    database, resource location, geographical
    information, multimedia, etc

   Standards related to communication, network,
    security, etc
     Requirements for Open Standards
   Standards related to e-government interoperation, e-
    government service component classification, government
    information classification and catalogue, and etc
   Standards related to government information collecting,
    updating, registering, sharing, exchanging, publishing, and
    security and protection
   Standards related to thematic dataset, such as dataset of
    population, corporation, geospatial, natural resource, macro-
    economy, and etc
   Standards related to e-government thematic application,
    such as the applications of decision, urban management,
    market supervision, labor and social insurance, culture,
    public service, and etc
   Management standards such as e-government performance
    evaluation, quality, project management, and etc
                       Conclusion
   Beijing e-government comes to a new phase of one-stop
    service, information sharing and business collaboration.
   Beijing e-government framework technologically embodies
    SOA based e-government application architecture and e-
    government standard architecture.
   Beijing e-government needs to adopt open standards
    related to common infrastructure, network infrastructure,
    application support and information security.
   Beijing e-government requires to adopt or make standards
    related to thematic application, thematic information
    resource and management.
Thank you!

     Q & A
    Shaofu Lin
    linsf@beijingit.gov.cn

				
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