Introduction to the Surveys and Researches on Disability in by bua69970

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									             Introduction to
the Surveys and Researches on Disability
                in China

                 Xiaoying Zheng
               Institute of Population Research (IPR)
     WHO Collaborating Center on RH and Population Science
           Ageing Study Institute, Peking University (ASI)
    Chinese Population Health and Development Center (CCPHD)
    China Disability and Development Research Center (CDDRC)
                  Sept. 19-21, 2007, Dublin, Ireland
          Briefing Outline
• China National Sample Surveys on
  Disability in1987 and 2006

• China National Monitoring System on
  Disability

• Following up Activities
   Comparison of the two surveys
                                        1987                                     2006


Reference time          Zero hour, April 1, 1987                Zero hour, April 1, 2006


Sample                  1.5 million                             2.6 million


Sampling area           29 provinces, autonomous regions,       31 provinces, autonomous regions,
                        and municipalities directly under the   and municipalities directly under the
                        Central Government, 424 counties,       Central Government, 734 counties,
                        3196 sampling area                      6000 sampling area
Content of the survey   1. Household questionnaire              1. Household questionnaire
                        2. Questionnaire on the disabled        2. Questionnaire on the disabled
                              person                                  person
                                                                3. Community Questionnaire
Sampling method         Probability sampling                    A stratified, multi-phased and cluster
                                                                probability sampling design
          Characteristics
• People-oriented, needs-oriented and
  evidence-based
• The first national survey employing
  ICF
• Set up a new discipline


           Disability Demography
The Central Government of China paid high attention
to the Second China National Sample Survey on
Disability
• Population transition,
  from “high fertility
  rate, low mortality
  rate, high increase rate”
  to “low fertility rate,
  low mortality rate, low
  increase rate”

• Profound influence to
  population health
Vice-president Hui Liangyu’s speech on the
        preparation for the survey
President Wen Jiabao was on the report meeting
of the second national sample survey on disability
General Information of the 2nd Survey

• Method: a stratified, multi-phased and cluster
  probability sampling design;

•   Sample:
•   31 provinces, autonomous regions
•   734 counties (cities or districts)
•   2,980 (townships or communities)
•   5,964 sampling areas, with 420 persons averaged
    in each area.
• Enumeration period: April 1---May 21,2006;
• 738 survey teams, comprising more than 20,000
  enumerators,
• nearly 6,000 doctors of various specialties, more than
  730 statisticians and over 50,000 survey assistants.
• 2,526,145 persons in 771,797 households were
  investigated and the sampling ratio was 1.93 per
  thousand;
• 142,112 households with disabled persons;
• The number of persons with disability:
                      161,479,
                Estimation
• 82.96 million persons with different types of
  disabilities in China;
• The estimated proportion of disabled persons to
  the total national population is 6.34 percent;
                                       比例(%)




              0
                  10
                       20
                            30
                                 40
                                      50
                                           60
                                                70
        0-4
        5-9
      10-14
      15-19
      20-24
      25-29
      30-34
      35-39
                                      2006
                                      1987




      40-44
      45-49
      50-54
      55-59
      60-64
      65-69
      70-74
      75-79
      80-84
        85+
分年龄
                                                     Comparison of the disability proportion
        Comparison of the Visual Disability Proportion


        12.00
比例(%)




        10.00
         8.00                                            1987
         6.00                                            2006
         4.00
         2.00
         0.00
                0-4 5-9 10- 15- 20- 25- 30- 35- 40- 45- 50- 55- 60- 65- 70- 75- 80- 85+
                         14 19 24 29 34 39 44 49 54 59 64 69 74 79 84                   年龄
                  Comparison of
    the hearing and speech disability proportion

        25
比例(%)




        20
        15                                           1987
                                                     2006
        10
        5
        0
             0-4 5-9 10- 15- 20- 25- 30- 35- 40- 45- 50- 55- 60- 65- 70- 75- 80- 85+
                      14 19 24 29 34 39 44 49 54 59 64 69 74 79 84                   年龄
Comparison of the physical disability proportion

        10.00
比例(%)




        8.00
        6.00                                            1987
                                                        2006
        4.00
        2.00

        0.00
                0-4 5-9 10- 15- 20- 25- 30- 35- 40- 45- 50- 55- 60- 65- 70- 75- 80- 85+
                         14 19 24 29 34 39 44 49 54 59 64 69 74 79 84                   年龄
Comparison of mental retardation proportion


        3.00
比例(%)




        2.50
        2.00                                           1987
        1.50                                           2006
        1.00
        0.50
        0.00
               0-4 5-9 10- 15- 20- 25- 30- 35- 40- 45- 50- 55- 60- 65- 70- 75- 80- 85+
                        14 19 24 29 34 39 44 49 54 59 64 69 74 79 84                   年龄
Comparison of mental disability proportion

         0.90
 比例(%)




         0.80
         0.70
         0.60                                           1987
         0.50                                           2006
         0.40
         0.30
         0.20
         0.10
         0.00
                0-4 5-9 10- 15- 20- 25- 30- 35- 40- 45- 50- 55- 60- 65- 70- 75- 80- 85+
                         14 19 24 29 34 39 44 49 54 59 64 69 74 79 84                   年龄
Comparison of multiple disability proportion

         25
 比例(%)




         20

         15                                           1987
                                                      2006
         10
         5
         0
              0-4 5-9 10- 15- 20- 25- 30- 35- 40- 45- 50- 55- 60- 65- 70- 75- 80- 85+
                       14 19 24 29 34 39 44 49 54 59 64 69 74 79 84                   年龄
           2007 monitoring
• Choose one survey district in each 734
  county level samples
    Oct. 2006----April 2007, preparation

  May 2007----June 2007, field monitoring

   July 2007----Oct. 2007, data analysis
        Following up activities
• Field research in Zhejiang Province (Aug. 2007)
• National report and plan on disability;
• Preparation for the 2008 monitoring;
• Build up the experts net work inside and abroad;
• Training
• Further data analysis, evaluation and
  development
• International forum on disability and
  development in December 10-15, 2007
Cooperation with the CDPF
• Agreement in research, policy consultancy, network
  building, training and international cooperation.
China Disability and Development Research Center,
                 Peking University

• The first national institute on disability studies.
    Mathematics
                      Public Health
                                      Life
                                                Current Key Studies
                                      Science   (2000-2010)

                                                - Population, Environment & Health
Social Science   Interdisciplinary              - Aging Health & Security
                       Team
                                                - National Disability Monitory
                                                - Birth Cohorts & Health Promotion
                                                - National Nutrition Survey
      Medicine                                  - Migration and Urbanization
                  Geo-Science         Etc…..
   Data Resources for Population Health 1
NAME                                               Type    Status       Open
                                                                        Degree
China Census Data - III,IV,V (1980,1990,2000)      M/T     Primary       Not

Population and Reproductive Health Survey,          M        Part        Part
1988,1997,2003
National Survey for Aging, 1996—(regularly)         M      Primary       Not

National Diseases and Mortality Statistical Data   M/T      Not          Not
                                                           Explore
Social Science in HIV/AID Survey                    M      Primary       Not

National HIV/AIDS 158 Panel Survey, 1995---         M     exploring      Not

National Children Health Survey                     M     Not explore    Not
1975,1985,1995,2005
SARS Registration and Interview in Beijing          M     Not explore    Not
      Data Resources for Population Health 2
                                                      Type   Status      Open
Data Name                                                                Degree
National Survey for Old Population                     M     Primary      Not

Survey for Birth, Sex, Mortality and Abortion          M     Exploring    Part

(Pop. Health Division)
Dataset for Psychopath & Panel Survey for Epileptic    M     Exploring    Part


National Nutrition Survey                              M     Exploring    Part


Birth Cohort, 2001----                                 M     Exploring    Not


National Sex Ratio Database                            M     Exploring    Not


Provincial level Environmental Resources              GIS    Exploring    Part


Provincial-specific Migration                          M     Exploring    Not
 Our Collaborating Network Nationwide
            我们的合作网络


More than 20 Provincial Government




         More than 20 Universities and NGO


                  More than 6 UN organizations
            International Forum
        on Disability and Development
•   Time: December 10-15, 2007
•   Venue: Yingjie Exchange Center, PKU
•   Theme: Caring, Participation, Action
•   Sponsors:
•   the China Disabled Persons’ Federation
•    Peking University, University Southern
•   California, and Griffith University
            Thank you!
Looking forward for future cooperation!

								
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