Ken Chad Director by hzy93486


									                    and its impact on university library services
                 Libraries@Cambridge conference January 2008

Ken Chad
Ken Chad Consulting Ltd
Te: +44 (0)7788 727 845
      Some tags from today s conference ..
E-books Web 2.0 Semantic web Library
   2.0 RSS Institutional Repositories
 Metadata Connecting Data Discovery
    Vertical Search ERM Aggregation
   Network effect Freedom Copyright
Facebook Privacy Click Streams Culture
  Convergence Second Life Authority
  tagging Identity Barriers Open data
Open source Mashups Business models
(as in so many times in the past)
  For more than 150 years, modern complex
democracies have depended in large measure
 on an industrial information economy      .In
the past decade and a half we have begun to
  see a radical change in the organisation of
     information production. Enabled by
technological change, we are beginning to
 see a series of economic, social and cultural
   adaptations that make possible a radical
    transformation of how we make the
          information environment .
     Yochai Benkler a Professor of Law at Yale Law School
  .. technology is unleashing a capacity for speaking
       that before was suppressed by economic
 constraint. Now people can speak in lots of ways
they never before could have, because the economic
            opportunity was denied to them
                             Mother Jones Magazine (website)
  Interview with Lawrence   Lessig: Stanford Law School Professor, Creative Commons Chair
                                      June 29, 2007

               Charles Leadbeater
                  Think tank Demos

Passionate amateurs, using new tools, are creating new
             products and paradigms.
              Creativity is not about special people

                Most creativity is collaborative

             Create a platform for people to share

Big new ideas don t generally come from big organisations. Their
 culture has an inbuilt tendency to try to re-inforce past success

  Intelligent closed organisations will move toward being open

    Complete corruption of the ideas of patent and copyright

 The Cult of the Amateur. How Today's Internet is
       Killing Our Culture. By Andrew Keen

     We re diving headlong into an age of mass
mediocrity in which the mob replaces experts and we
             become collectively dumber

           Andrew Keen. The cult of the amateur-- interview in Wired
  I don t want the crowd to tell me what s
worth watching. I want a movie critic to tell
 me that. I don t want the crowd to tell me
 where to eat, because I don t trust them to
know. Give me the old gatekeepers any day
         Andrew Keen. The cult of the amateur-- in interview in Wired
    ..often-anarchic world of the Internet
      tide of credulity and misinformation
 eroding traditional respect for authenticity
and expertise in all scholarly, research, and
            educational endeavors
 a world in which everyone is an expert in a
          world devoid of expertise
   Michael Gorman (past president of ALA - June 18th, 2007 - (Web 2.0 Forum)
Google is white bread
for the mind

inaugural lecture from Professor Tara Brabazon
Some provocations from a mediated age

Wikipedia and user-generated content are creating an age of banality and mediocrity by
providing consensual information and stifling debate. Students must be trained to be
dynamic and critical thinkers rather than drifting to the first site returned through
Google ..universities must teach students to question, argue, debate and challenge, rather
than accept the 'facts' from Wikipedia or the rankings of Google.
creativity is being strangled by the law
 Technology offers the opportunity to revive the old read/write culture. It is
                   amateur but not amateurish culture.

 Remix --it's not piracy --its re creating to make something different. This is
                          a literacy for this generation

 Copyright law has not responded with common sense as it had to do in the
  past when technology changes challenged established law e.g. over the
                issue of the trespass of airplanes over land

   Artists can choose the kind of re-use their work enables. That is what
                        Creative Commons is about

      We live life against the law in a new age of prohibitions --this is

                            Larry Lessig: How creativity is being strangled by the law.
Wednesday June 29, 2005

        Patents and copyrights,      . have always been
        aimed at finding a balance - as the Harvard
         professor Lawrence Lessig puts it - "between
     rewarding creativity and allowing the borrowing from
      which new creativity springs". That's why terms of
        copyright eventually elapse; in the original US
     Constitution, they elapsed after just 17 years. Under
       Thomas Jefferson's original standard, it would no
    longer be illegal to download, for example, Madonna's
                    1986 album True Blue.
Copyright blocks access to the inputs into
information production that are copyrighted
the primary role of law has been reactive
 and reactionary. It has functioned as a
point of resistance to the emergence of the
   networked information environment .
 The institutions of higher education, which
have found themselves under attack for not
 policing their students use of peer-to-peer
 networks have been entirely ineffective at
presenting their cultural and economic value
and the importance of open Internet access
  to higher education, as compared to the
hypothetical losses of Hollywood and the
             recording industry .
       Convinced that changes in the industry and the spread
        of digital piracy have made it ever more difficult to
       make money from selling records, the Crimea plan to
       turn the economics on their head by giving away
          downloads of their self-financed second album,

                            Secret of the Witching Hour .
Owen Gibson, media correspondent
Monday April 30, 2007

                                   Davey MacManus of the Crimea. Photograph: Gareth
  I, along with almost everybody I know,
 stopped buying in bookshops years ago.
     Why bother? Online, Amazon and
AbeBooks have everything I need; in fact,
they have everything anybody could ever
     need, and AbeBooks, especially, is
              absurdly cheap .
        Public funding (tax) is a legitimate business model .
The commercial circulating library in my home town limped along until the
  Open access is a practical, efficient and
 sustainable model to unlock the potential
of the web for disseminating the results of
         publicly funded research
Published: 31 July 2005

                Lulu Rewriting the rules of publishing
     Whitehall has taken a first step towards a
 Government 2.0 with a report that urges a greater
   official involvement with the grassroots web

                        Thursday June 14, 2007
      Michael Cross. Open the gates of information The Guardian whitehall/story/0,,2102100,00.html
The . challenge is for the government to get used
to giving information aw ay freely. Last year the
government received £590m in revenue from public-
sector information; but the potential public value of
 making information free could be even more, says
                     the report

                       Thursday June 14, 2007
    Michael Cross. Open the gates of information The Guardian whitehall/story/0,,2102100,00.html
JISC and the Office for Public Sector Information (OPSI) are seeking input from
     the UK learning, teaching and research communities to help steer the
 development of a new and innovative UK government website in response to
          recommendation eight of The Power of Information Review

  Recommendation 8. To improve government s responsiveness to demand
  for public sector information, by July 2008 OPSI should create a web-based
      channel to gather and assess requests for publication of public sector
Google s mission statement
Google generation .. a shorthand way
 of referring to a generation whose first
 port of call for knowledge is the internet
 and a search engine, Google being the
 most popular one. This is in distinction
 to previous generations       whose
 source of knowledge was through books
 and conventional libraries.

Google: c£5,000,000,000 revenues, over 1m
  digitised books
Amazon: we seek to be the earth s most
  customer centric company where customers
  can find and discover anything they want to
  buy online
AbeBooks: > 100 million titles, over
  13,500 branches .
Libr a r yTh in g:over 300,000
  members.Over 20m books catalogued.
  Over 150K works reviewed
Google Books as a platform for catalogue data       let s see
 if Benkler s book is available in the Cambridge University
We find a (Google) brief catalogue record for the book
Google Books includes rich data and various
fulfilment options including libraries
More useful data
Does your local catalogue
offer the same kind of rich
user experience?
OCLCs WorldCat platform is one way for Cambridge to
show its holdings in Google Books
But everyone so far seems to have
ignored the fact that the complete book
is also available free online
Changing ownership
Renewing products, new products
Looking for new growth opportunities
After 25 years the market has matured
                         Choosing a new ILS is a lot like choosing a
                          rental car. . any ILS is going to get you
                         where you need to go       Andrew K. Pace.
                                           2004 ...

Dismantling Integrated Library Systems. By Andrew K. Pace   Library Journal February 1, 2004.
(everyone almost- has changed in the
          last two years)
June 2005: Sirsi and Dynix merge and
become SirsiDynix

November 05: Geac (now Infor) announces
its acquisition by Golden Gate Capital, a
private equity company.

November 2005 OCLC Pica acquires
Fretwell Downing (OLIB etc)
February 06: Talis is reconstructed : the owners
(BLCMP Ltd and an Employee Benefit Trust) vote to
transfer ownership to a new company called Talis

July 06: ExLibris acquired by Francisco Partners, a
private equity company

December 06: Endeavor acquired from Elsevier by
ExLibris and Francisco Partners
January 07: SirsiDynix acquired by Vista Equity
partners, a private equity company

June 2007 CSA acquires MediaLabs (AquaBrowser)

July 2007 OCLC acquires remaining shares in OCLC
The discipline of private equity makes companies fitter, leaner
and better able to compete. Ian Armitage, partner at HgCapital Quoted in Sunday Times on 18 February

 Private equity buys an entire company improves the company
and owns it typically for three to seven years. It then sells it or
takes dividends by refinancing it . Stephen Schwarzman Blackstones. Quoted in Sunday Times on 18       th


As a rule of thumb, unless a business can offer the prospect of
significant turnover growth within five years, it is unlikely to be
of interest to a private equity firm . An introduction to private equity. The British Private
Equity and Venture Capital Association
                 in UK HE
four vendors have nearly 90% of the market
              UK HE Market Share   Axiel

                                   ExLibris (inc Endeavor)

                                   Infor (formerly Geac)

                                   Innovative Interface
Talis 23%          23%             ISOxford

                                   OCLC Pica (Fretwell
                                   Payne Automation


 SirsiDynix         Innovative     Softlink

 23%                18%            Talis


(part of a JISC/ SCONUL commissioned study to
                  report in 2008)
Factors outside the library domain-e.g. Web
2.0, Semantic (m2m) Web, Google, Facebook
New user behaviours
Global web-based standards. W3C. SOA, web
services which enable interoperability &
decoupling of products
Need for increased productivity and reduced
cost of ownership
US (potentially global) economic slowdown
Vertical search -Encore, Primo, AquaBrowser
  Competing with Google et al in the library (vertical) market.
  Claim to provide better access and delivery of resources in
  an academic context
Aggregation-tracking click streams
  Using Google/ Amazon type techniques
Value in context -esp.relevant in HE
  A user s context is an increasingly important attribute, It can
  enable more personalised services. Its value is not fully
  appreciated in HE libraries
Universal Resource Management
  One system for print & electronic resources
  Save costs by sharing systems and resources. Why does UK
  HE lag behind some other countries?
  We only use OSS as components (to reduce
  OSS is not competitive for a complete LMS
Or ..
   Open Source is about distributed innovation
  and w ill become the dominant way of
  producing software
think back to what was said before about
              Government .

 The . challenge is for the government to get used to
   giving information aw ay freely. Last year the
 government received £590m in revenue from public-
sector information; but the potential public value of
making information free could be even more, says
                       the report
so what about giving away your metadata
           freely for re-use?
 Where businesses have built on revenue models [ by] charging for
access to metadata, communities are bypassing them and building
    their own repositories: FreeDB, Open Street Map, ISBNdb.

  That means that if you have a pile of metadata
you might w ant to think about how you can give
 it aw ay rather than how you can keep it locked
                      aw ay .

                   Data, Metadata and Content
                   Posted by Rob Styles 3rd May 2007
Why is the library domain dragging its heels?
                                         A library bigger than any
                                         By Giles Turnbull
                                         Story from BBC NEWS:

                                         Published: 2007/07/31 11:52:05 GMT

Stephen Bury, head of European and
American Collections at the British Library in
London, has some reservations about
contributing to the Open Library project.
"In the short term, I don't think we will send
them a copy of our catalogue. We only have
limited resources and we need them to
concentrate their efforts on our own
digitisation projects," he says.

Mr Bury was not keen on the idea of allowing
ordinary people to edit library catalogues
"I think there's a need for balance and some
degree of control. You might get people
maliciously changing things."
Technology, cost and complexity barriers are
 coming down
  -enabling more participants (not everyone likes this!)
The rise of platforms
   they are key to enabling sharing and re-mixing
More open source and open data components
 and products
  - reducing costs and enabling better interoperability
Pro-Ams in the library sector
  -we ve seen today that you already have some
Mashing up
    a core library skill to bring together components from a
    more fragmented, open and diverse market
An increasing contribution from non
traditional -LMS companies
Copyright clashes will continue
New biz models will emerge
Libraries at the heart of the wider
culture and technology debate?
                     and its impact on university library services
                  Libraries@Cambridge conference January2008

Ken Chad
Ken Chad Consulting Ltd
Te: +44 (0)7788 727 845

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