The Provinces of Canada

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The Provinces of Canada Powered By Docstoc
					The Provinces
 of Canada
By: David, Bradley, Austin, Joey, Piyush, Nathan, Rachel,
Karlee, Katie, Jade, and Annie
Table Of Contents

  Alberta    By Karlee
                                          British Columbia By Annie
  Manitoba      By Rachel
                                          New Brunswick By Joey
                                          Northwest Territories By Rachel
  Newfoundland            By Nathan
                                          Nunavut By Katie
  Nova Scotia         By Annie           Prince Edward Island By
                                           Bradley

  Ontario     By David
                                        Saskatchewan         By Piyush


  Quebec      By Austin


  Yukon     By Jade
Alberta
    Capital City
    Date of Province Hood
    Flag
    Motto
    Current Population
    Historical Significance
    Economy
    Recreation
    Culture
    Natural Resources
    Tourism
British Columbia

    Basic Info
    B. C.’s History
    B. C.’s Landforms
    British Columbian
     People
    B.C.’s Resources
    Population
Manitoba
    Important Date
    Motto
    Economy
    Population
    History
    Geography
    Climate
    Flag
    Animals
    Tourism
    Capital
New Brunswick
    Flag
    Capital City
    Animals
    Motto
    Tourism
    Economy
    Recreation
    Climate Features
    Quick Facts
Newfoundland

  Economy
  Natural Resources
  Historical
   Significance
  Quick facts
  Recreation
  Culture
Northwest Territories
    History
    Flag
    Capital
    Animals
    Tourism
    Climate
    Recreation
    Important Date
    Geography
Nova Scotia

    Basic Info
    Economy
    Tourism
    Landforms
    History
    Recreation
Nunavut
  Land
  Culture & Population
  Economy
  Tourism
  Capital, Symbols &
   Wildlife
  History
Ontario
    Quick facts
    The Premier
    Geography
    Natural Resources
    Tourism
    Animals
    Recreation
    Climate Features
Prince Edward Island

    Quick Facts
    Climate
    Geography/Landforms
    Tourism
    Recreation
Quebec

   Symbols
   Land and Climate
   The People
   Economy
   Tourism
Saskatchewan

  Quick facts
  Geography
  The Economy
  The People &
   Lifestyle
  History
  Tourism
Yukon
 Date of becoming a
  territory
 Current population
 Capital
 Flag
 Economy
 Historical Significance
 Geography/Landforms
 Climate
 Tourism
 Recreation
Quick Facts

  Population:12,686,952
  Capital: Toronto
  Motto: Loyal she began, loyal she
   remains
  Became a province: July 1, 1867
Land

  Land:
    Nunavut is a very large province, most
     of the Baffin Islands are part of it,
     making it huge.
  Area:
    The area is 1,900,000 square
     kilometers.
    Nunavut borders the Hudson Bay and the
                              Maps
     Arctic Ocean.
Culture & Population
 Population:
   Only 30,000 people live in Nunavut.
   The majority of the population of Nunavut is
    the Inuit, to be exact 85% of the population
    is Inuit.
 Culture:
   The language that they speak is Inuktitut
    (don’t ask me to pronounce it ).
   The Inuit are the aboriginal people of
    Nunavut, so that’s why there are so many of
    them.
   On Baffin Island (in the Click to see
                              Baffin Islands) the
                            Photos survival.
    Inuit still hunt and fish for of the
                               Inuit
Economy
 Mining:
   In Nunavut they mine mostly, copper, lead,
    silver, zinc, iron, gold, diamonds, oil, and
    gas
 Fishing:
   Some of the main fish that they catch are
    Whitefish and Arctic Char
 Factories:
   One of their main industries is packaging the
                         Click to they also package
    raw fish that they catch and see
    meat                   pictures
                          of fishing
Tourism

  Attractions:
      Fishing
      Hiking
      Camping
      Hunting
      Wildlife Viewing
History
 First people to live there
    Inuit
 1700s
    Fur trading posts set up
 1870
    The territories officially belonged to Canada
 Inuit
    Changed their ways (native traditions)
 1999
    Became a Canadian province
How to use hyperlinks
 Table of Contents
   Click on the words
    and they will take you
    to different slides
 Slides
   There will be a return
    button on each slide,
    click on it to return to
    the Table of Contents
Capital, Symbols &
Wildlife
  Capital
    Iqualuit
  Flower
    Purple Saxifrage
  Flag
  Animals
    Peregrine falcons
                          See picture
    Polar Bear
                         of polar bear
Basic info about Nova
Scotia
    Capital-Halifax, founded 1879
    Entered Confederation of Canada-July 1, 1867
    Current population-937,900 (most live close to Halifax)
    Premier- Rodney McDonald
    Motto- Munit Haec et altera vincit (one defends, and the other conquers)
    Origin of name- Latin for New Scotland
    Nickname-Canada’s ocean playground
    Tree-Red spruce
    Flower- Mayflower
    Gemstone-agate
    Mineral-stillbite
    Song –Farewell to Nova Scotia (popularized by Helen Greighton)
    Bird-osprey
Nova Scotia’s economy
  After WWII, young Nova Scotians left for jobs in
   Ontario and western Canada
  Between 1956 and 1966, 60,000 left
  In 1967, the government set up a coal mine creating
   jobs
  In 1995, Nova Scotia had a fishing export of almost
   $80,000
  When cod fisheries closed in 1993, they threw out
   6,000 jobs
  In 1995, Nova Scotia exported about $76 million in
   wood pulp and paper products
  2,000
Tourism in Nova Scotia
  Peggy’s Cove is a well known fishing village
   with a lighthouse.
  Citadel is a fort built in 1856 on a hill
   overlooking Halifax harbor
  Alexander Graham Bell National historic site is
   a museum honoring the inventor of the
   telephone.
  Louisburg is a French fort built at the start of
   the St. Lawrence River
  Bras d’or is a large lake that is a nesting site of
   the bald eagle.
Nova Scotia’s
Landforms/Characteristics
  Nova Scotia is one of the four Atlantic
   provinces.
  It is made up of Canada’s mainland and
   Cape Breton Island.
  It includes over 3,800 coastal islands
  It is the 2nd smallest province after P.E.I.
History of Nova Scotia
  John Cabot explored Nova Scotia in 1497
  Micmac lived there at that time
  The French came in the 1600’s and built Port Royal
  Later, settlers came from England, Germany and
   Scotland
  In 1783, thousands came from the U.S.
  In 1784, the land became two provinces: New
   Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
Recreation in Nova Scotia

  You can:                 Places to see
      Hike                   Cape Breton
      Swim                    Highlands National
      Canoe                   park
      Bicycle                Kejimkujik National
                               park and Historic site
      Sail
                              Leilidh, Cabot, and
      Whale Watch             Fleur-de-lis trails
      Or, Snowmobile,        Marconi and Bras d’or
       depending on the        scenic drives
       season, of course
Premier Dalton McGuinty

  Was born on July 19,
   1955
  He has nine brothers
   and sisters
  He became the 24th
   Premier of Ontario
   on Oct. 23, 2003
  The Premier is like
   our Governor
Culture

  Irish
  British
Recreation
    Basketball
    Curling
    Cycling
    Games
    Golf
    Gymnastics
    Martial arts
    Rugby
    Skiing
    Soccer
    Tennis
    shopping
Economy

   Fishing
   forestry
   mining
   Agriculture
   manufacturing
Natural Resources
  Nickel, copper, cobalt,
   zinc, lead, silver, iron
   ore, oil, gas,
  Cod, herring, Atlantic
   salmon, flounder, turbot,
   halibut, tuna, haddock,
   lobster, scallops, shrimp,
   crab
  Coniferous trees
History

  Vikings were the first
   people to discover
   Newfoundland
  Treaty of Paris
  John Cabot in harbor
   of St. Johns
Quick facts

  Became a province: march 31, 1949
  Capitol: St. Johns
  Motto: Quaerite prime regnum (seek ye
   first the kingdom of God)
  Governor is Hon. Edward. M. Roberts
  Flag:
Quick facts
  Capital: Charlottetown
  Animals: foxes, rabbits, birds,
   fish, lobster.
  Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti (The
   small under the protection of
   the great.)
  Became a Province: July1,
   1873
  Current Population: 138,100
  Flag:
  Natural Resources:
   coal,uranium,vanadium.
Climate
  The average
   temperature in January
   is 19 degrees F.
  The average
   temperature in July is 67
   degrees F.
  There is 340 cm. of
   snowfall per year.
  There is 868 mm. of
   rainfall per year.
Geography/Landforms

  Some landforms are
   dunes and beaches.
  The highest point is
   in the Bonshaw hills.
  The area is 5,660 sq.
   kilometers.
Tourism
  When people tour Prince
   Edward Island they like
   to do recreational
   activities like going
   through trails, boating, or
   hunting.
  People also like to see
   the land, buildings, and
   beaches.
Recreation
  There is a lot of
   things you can do at
   Prince Edward
   Island. You can go
   fishing, hunting, or
   boating. If you go
   camping at a
   campground you
   could go hiking
   through the trails.
Recreation
    Skiing
    Hiking
    Camping
    Hunting
    Fishing
    Horseback
    Golf
    Tennis
    Swimming
    Ballgames
    Body surfing
    Hockey
    Rodeo
Motto

           Fortis et Liber
        (“Strong and Free”)
Flag
Current Population


    3.2 million
      people
Capital City


     Edmonton
Date of Province Hood


    September
     1 st, 1905
Historical Significance

  The Scotsman Alexander Mackenzie
   started his journey in Fort
   Chipewyan, Alberta
Economy

   Farming
   Minerals
   Oil
   Hay
   Manufacturing and Industry
   Forestry
Culture
  British
  German
  Ukrainian
  French
  Scandinavian
  Dutch
  Arts-Music, Television, Design, Digital Media,
   Film
  Heritage-Genealogy, National History,
   Biographies, Maps, Aboriginal
Natural Resources

  Farmland
  Minerals
  Oil
Tourism

    Festivals and Events
    Attractions
    Weather
    Ecotourism
Basic Info about British
Columbia
  Capital- Victoria
    Entered Confederation of Canada-July 20, 1871
    Population- over 4.2 million people (2005)
    Premier- Gordon Campbell
    Motto- Splendour without Diminishment
    Bird- Stellar’s Jay
    Tree- Western Red Cedar
    Flower-Lady’s Slipper
    top 5 languages-English, Chinese (Cantonese and
     Mandarin), Punjabi, German, and French
British Columbia’s History
  The first people there were Tlingit, Sekani, Haida, Nootlca,
   Chilcotin, and Shuswap
  They fished for salmon and seals, and hunted deer and elk
  Captain James Cook for Great Britain arrived in 1778
  George Vancouver mapped the coastline
  The 1857-1858 Fraser Gold Rush brought many people
  Chinese laborers came to build a railroad and stayed after it was
   finished.
British Columbia's
Landforms/ Characteristics
  The Fraser is one of the longest rivers in Canada
  Both the Fraser and the Columbia rivers flow through
   British Columbia and into the Pacific ocean
  The Coastal and Rocky mountains are two major
   ranges that run through British Columbia
  There are 6 national parks there
Notable British Columbian
People and Places
  People                          Places
    Emily Larr-(1871-1945)          Stanley Park in Vancouver
     painted west Coast               with aquarium, gardens,
     aboriginal people                beaches, trails, and totem
    Terry Fox-(1958-1981)            poles
     tried to run across Canada      Whistler Mountains has
    Chief Dan George- (1899-         great skiing
     1981) actor and poet            Okanagan Valley has
                                      warm weather, wineries,
                                      and excellent fruit
British Columbia’s
Resources/Industries
  Forestry is the largest industry
  Mining is the 3rd largest industry
  Mined metals are copper, coal, gold, silver,
   zinc, sulfur, and asbestos
  British Columbia has the largest fishing
   industry in Canada
  Caught are salmon, halibut, clams, cod, crab,
   oysters, rockfish, and herring
  Cattle and dairy farms produce fruit and
   flowers
What British Colombia's
population is made of
  Most people are of British origin
  The aboriginal population began to die
   down with the arrival of Europeans
  About 60,000 people are from India
  About 16,000 people are from Japan
  2.1 million of British Columbia’s 4.2
   million people live in of around
   Vancouver
Date of becoming a
territory
 Yukon became a territory in
   1898.
 The country’s second
   territory.
Current population

  The current population of Canada is 31,587 people
Capital City



         The Capital City of
             Yukon is
         Whitehorse!!!!
The Flag

  This is the flag
Economy

 People here make a living by Mining (
  gold, lead, zinc, &silver)
 Drilling oil,& Manufacturing.
Historical Significance

 For this I found that there was a gold rush
  in 1896,during that the miners made a
  tent city named Dawson,But during 1899,
  the gold was almost gone! Then
  Whitehorse replaced Dawson as the
  Capital.Fur Trading throughout history
  was huge!
Geography/ Landforms

 In Yukon there are tons of rivers, frozen
   soil, lots of tundra,mountains,3 National
   parks, forests& beautiful lakes.
Climate

 The climate here in the summer is fairly
  warm but winter is bitter cold , has little
  sunlight, and temperatures are subarctic.
Tourism

  People who visit here can hike, raft,
   camp, climb, fish, see wildlife,& hunt.
Recreation

 People here go birding, fishing, golfing,
  hunting, sports, and kayaking.
History
                          The Dene and the Inuit were
                           the first people to live on what
                           would soon be the Norwest
                           Territories.
                          Alexander Mackenzie
                           discovered the Mackenzie
                           River by accident in 1789.
                          Long ago the Northwest
                           Territories covered most of
                           Canada, it then became
                           Canada’s first territory.
                          In the 90’s the territory split
   Alexander Mackenzie     almost in half and the eastern
                           portion became Nunavut.
Motto

  The motto is Land of
   the Midnight Sun
Flag

  The blue symbolizes
   the many lakes and
   the white symbolizes
   the ice and snow
Population

              Currently there are
               about 43,000 people
               living in the
               Northwest
               Territories.
Capital

  The capital is
   Yellowknife.
  It is located in the
   eastern part of the
   NWT.
Animals

  Some of the animals
   that live in the NWT
   are: beaver, lynx,
   fox, marten, muskrat,
   polar bear
Climate

  In the south- mild
   summers, and very
   long days. Winter-
   bitter cold and short
   days.
  North- Extreme
   temperatures
Geography and Landforms
  The Yukon is to the
   west, with the Arctic
   North, and Nunavut
   east.
  There are two main
   mountain ranges-
   Mackenzie and
   Franklin.
  It is very rocky with
   many trees.
Tourism

  People come to see
   the wildlife and the
   many things of
   natural beauty.
  They can get a
   chance to do many
   things. One of them
   being, dog sledding
Recreation

  People can canoe,
   kayak, hunt, fish, and
   play sports for fun
Important Date

  One of the most
   important dates was
   the day the NWT
   became a territory.
  That date was 1870
Important Date

  One of the most
   important dates for
   Manitoba is July 15,
   1870.
  That was the date
   that Manitoba
   became a province
Capital
  The capital of
   Manitoba is
   Winnipeg.
  Winnipeg is in the
   south of Manitoba.
Animals
  Some of the animals that
   live in Manitoba are:
  Fish
  Frog
  Salamander
  Snake
  Turtle
  Duck
  Owl
  Wolf
  Bison
Population

  The population of
   Manitoba is
   1,117,600 people.
Flag

  The flag of Manitoba
   is Red with a British
   flag in the top corner
   and a shield on the
   right side.
Motto

  “Gloriosus et Liber" is
  the Latin version for
  the motto, it means
  "Glorious and
  Free." The provincial
  motto is on the
  banner on the
  Manitoba Coat of
  Arms.
Economy
 Some things that
  make the economy
  strong in Manitoba
  are:
 Mining
 Farming
 Dairy
 Manufacturing
 Fishing
Historical Significance

  Louis Reil les meti’s
   in rebellion.
  The first permanent
   settlement was in
   Manitoba.
  The first railroad was
   in Manitoba.
Geography

  It is east of
   Saskatchewan,
  North of U.S.
  West of Ontario.
  Many:
    Lakes.
    Forests.
    Rivers.
Tourism

           People come to visit
            all year round.
           People come to:
               See the sun
               Enjoy natural beauty
               Make new friends
               Enjoy culture
Climate

  In the summer it is
   warm and sunny.
  In the winter it is cold
   and bright.
Quick Facts

  Capital: Regina
  Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires, (from
   many peoples strength)
  Population: 985,386 (2005)
  Birthday: September 1,1905
  Flag:
Geography
    Saskatchewan is the only
     province for which no borders
     correspond to physical
     landmarks.

    It is completely land locked,
     which means that it does not
     border any water.

    Most of the province is covered
     with boreal forests and plains,
     except for the cities , the lakes
     and the sand dunes.

    Other then the forests, there are
     many rivers, lakes, and other
     water bodies in this province.
History
 •   Long before any European
     settlements this province was
     filled with Athabaskan,
     Algonquian, Cree, and Sioux
     tribes. The first European to ever
     set foot on this land was Henry
     Kelsey , in 1690. After that Kelsey
     went back to Nova Scotia to report
     the good land. From there on
     people were interested in forming
     settlements and buying land there.
     The first permanent European
     settlement there was a Hudson’s
     Bay Company post at Cumberland
     House founded by Samuel Hearne
     in 1774. After that the place just
     kept on evolving into what it is
     today.
The Economy
  The economy of this province
  was highly associated with
  agriculture. Although a
  increase in diversification has
  meant that agriculture,
  forestry, and hunting only
  make 6.8% of the province's
  GPD. Still, Saskatchewan
  grows 45% of Canada's grain.
  The most common crop is
  wheat, but other grains are
  also grown. These include
  barley, oats etc… another
  major industry in
  Saskatchewan is the mining.
  In fact, Saskatchewan is the
  world’s leading supplier of
  uranium. Oil and natural
  gases are also produced.
Tourism
 • The tourism in this province
   is not the lowest attraction
   of Canada, but yet is not
   that high. Even though this
   land is a nice sight, tourists
   somehow just want more.
   Although there are still
   many great places to visit
   there. To start of with, the
   camping sites are great and
   packed with adventure.
   Such as canoeing and
   kayaking in the rivers and
   lakes. Another big
   attraction is the sporting
   events , which are rowing
   contests, canoeing races,
   etc…
People & Lifestyle
 Most people in Saskatchewan…
  highly believe in education

    are Christian

    believe in outdoor activities
     rather than T.V.

 They enjoy…
  watching and participating in
    sports activities like rowing and
    canoeing contests

    Last but not least planting and
     gardening
The Premier
Lorne Calvert
  Born: December 24th, 1954 (current
     age: 52)
  Place of birth: Moose Jaw,
     Saskatchewan

  Assumed office: on February 8th, 2001

  Married to: Betty Sluzalo

  Current life:
       Right now Calvert is living a
     peaceful life in Regina with his wife,
     and to children.
Geography

 • 4 of the 5 Great Lakes
 • The province has a landmass of
   1,068,580 sq km and is the 2nd largest
   province in Canada
 • Niagara Falls in the southeast
Natural Resources

 • Mining: zinc, nickel,
   platinum, uranium,
   oil, natural gas,
   copper, gold, silver,
   iron ore
 • Lots of trees
Tourism
  Many people are attracted to
   Ontario for
     Beautiful lakes and rivers
     The Niagara Falls
     Ice Fishing spots
Animals

  Black Bear, Beaver,
   Deer, Loon, Moose,
   Polar Bear, Fox,
   Geese, Heron, and
   Rabbit
Recreation
  A favorite of all
   people in Ontario is
   hockey
  Baseball,
   Basketball, Biking,
   Bowling, Fencing,
   Figure Skating,
   Football, Golf,
   Gymnastics are other
   sports
Climate Features

  Ontario's Climate is
   very similar to ours, it
   has hot summers
   and cold winters
New Brunswick's flag
Capital City
    The capital of New
   Brunswick is
   Fredericton.
Animals

       The animals in
     new Brunswick are,
     raccoons, squirrels,
     opossum, and
     armadillos. The
     armadillo is my
     favorite!
Motto

     The motto of New
  Brunswick is “Hope
  Restored.”
Economy
      New Brunswick
  has many natural
  resources. Forests
  occupy 85 percent of
  the land mass; and
  wood and wood
  products drive the
  economy. Fishing and
  agriculture are also
  very important.
Quebec symbols
     Quebec’s flower is the the Blue
      Flag, Quebec’s tree is the
      Yellow Birch ,and Quebec’s bird
      is the Snowy Owl
      Quebec’s coat of arms is divided
      into 3 horizontal bands, the top
      band displays three fleurs-de-lis
      on a blue background. The
      bottom band shows three green
      maple leafs with gold veins on a
      golden background. The middle
      band shows a lion on a red
      background. Quebec’s flag has a
      blue background with a white
      cross and one fleur-de-lie in each
      corner.Quebec’s motto is
     Je Me Souvens which means I
      remember.
The Land & Climate
               Quebec has long
              cold winters and mild
              summers. Quebec
              has more fresh water
              than any other
              province. Quebec
              also borders the St.
              Lawrence River.Half
              of Quebec is also
              covered by trees.
The People

  Quebec’s population
   is 7,598,100. 67% of
   Quebec’s population
   is French speaking.
  Quebec’s main
   population is along
   the St. Lawrence
   river and near the
   capital, Quebec.
Tourism

 Tourism is a main big
   part in Quebec’s
   economy
   Some of the fun things
   to do there are:
  Swimming in the in one
   of the many lakes there
  Visiting one of
   Quebec’s many
   gardens
  Camping in the great
   outdoors
  Also be sure to visit
   one of Quebec’s
Economy

           Quebec is is very
            dependent on its
            many natural
            resources like gold,
            lumber, and
            vegetables. Tourism
            also plays a big part
            in Quebec’s
            economy.
Tourism
  Tourism is very
   important to New
   Brunswick. Things
   people like to see and
   do:
     The amazing Bay of
      Fundy
     Camping and hiking
     Swimming
     Ice Fishing
     Fishing
Recreation
        New Brunswick
     has hundreds of
     things to do!
     Activities include
     skiing, professional
     sports, movies,
     theater, golf, and
     rock climbing. There
     are also many
     restaurants.
Climate Features
       Temperatures range
  from -12°C in the winter
  to 22°C in the summer.
  The area receives
  between 300 and 400
  cm. of snow each year.
  The eastern coast of
  New Brunswick is one of
  the foggiest areas of the
  world.
Quick Facts

  Premier: Shawn
   Graham
  Population: 757,100
   people
  Birthday: 1784
 
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