Natura 2000 Bulgaria by nhs90963

VIEWS: 160 PAGES: 27

									Danish Environmental Protection Agency
DANCEE


Conservation of Species and Habitats in Bulgaria: EU Approximation

Project Completion Report
(Covering the period 1st October 2002 - 31st December 2004)


January 2005
                                Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




Table of Contents:

I.     Cover sheet                                                               3
II.    Map of Location                                                           4
III.   List of Abbreviations                                                     5
IV.    Executive Summary                                                         6

1.     Introduction                                                              7

2.     Project Context                                                           9

3.     Project Outputs                                                           15

4      Project Inputs                                                            17

5      Financial Status                                                          20

6      Project Sustainability                                                    21

7      Impact Assessment                                                         23

8.     Recommendations                                                           25

9.     Lessons Learnt                                                            26

Annex A: Output/Activity Monitoring Form
Annex B: Project Manager's Mission Reports: October and December 2004.
Annex C: Procurement Summary
Annex D: List of reports and other documents produced
Annex E: Technical Status Report, Bulgaria's Natura 2000 Preparation




                                                                                 Page 2
                                      Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




I. Cover Sheet



                                    Danish Environmental Protection Agency

                           Danish Cooperation for Environment in Eastern Europe
                                                (DANCEE)

                                   Project Cover Sheet for Completion Report

     Project Title                          Conservation of Species and Habitats in Bulgaria:
                                            EU approximation
     Firm                                   DARUDEC
     Mailing Address                        Parallelvej 2, DK-2800 Lyngby
     Telephone/Fax                          +45 45 97 16 00 / 45 97 23 06
     Contact Person                         Jens Bach
     Country                                Denmark
     Amount requested                       DKK : 3,961,950
     Mark one category                          A. Air Pollution
                                                B. Water Pollution
                                                C. Waste
                                                D. Institutional Development
                                                E. Nature and Agriculture
                                                F. Other
     Number of Pages                        26 plus annexes
     Date                                   January 2005
     Principal Project Leader               Name: Jens Bach                    Title: Project Manager
                                            Date
                                            Signature


     Authorised Organisational Official     Name                               Title
                                            Date
                                            Signature




                                                                                                        Page 3
                      Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




II. Map of location




                                                                       Page 4
                             Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




III. List of Abbreviations

BAS:        Bulgarian Academy of Science
BGL:        Bulgarian Leva
BSBCP:      Bulgarian - Swiss Bio-diversity Conservation Programme
BSPB:       Bulgarian Society for Protection of Birds
CPR:        Conservation Planning Regions
DANCEE:     Danish Co-operation for Environment in Eastern Europe
DEPA:       Danish Environmental Protection Agency
DKK:        Danish Kroner
EU:         European Union
GDM:        GIS and Database Manager
GEF:        Global Environment Facility
GIS:        Geographic Information System
GPS:        Global Positioning System
IBA:        Important Bird Areas
MAF:        Ministry of Agriculture and Forest
MoEW:       Ministry of Environment and Water
NFB:        National Forestry Board
NGO:        Non-governmental Organisation
NNPS:       National Nature Protection Service
PA:         Project Assistant
PC:         Project Co-ordinator
PD:         Project Director
PM:         Project Manager
PMG:        Project Management Group
PSC:        Project Steering Committee
pSCI:       Proposed Site of Community Interest
SPA:        Special Protection Area
UNDP:       United Nations Development Programme
USAID:      United States Agency for International Development
WWF:        World Wildlife Fund (Worldwide Fund for Nature)




                                                                              Page 5
                               Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




IV. Executive Summary

This Project Completion Report marks the completion of the DANCEE-funded Project
"Conservation of Species and Habitats in Bulgaria: EU-Approximation". A draft version of the
report was approved by the Project Steering Committee on 17th December 2004, subject to minor
changes being made. This version of the report includes these changes and is therefore the Final
Completion Report the Project: "Conservation of Species and Habitats in Bulgaria: EU-
Approximation".

The Project was hosted by the National Nature Protection Service (NNPS) of the Ministry of
Environment and Water (MoEW): the government agency responsible for preparing Bulgaria for
Natura 2000. Following adjustments during the project preparation phase and implementation, the
Project covered the 27-month period from 1st October 2002 to 31st December 2004, with a total
budget of DKK 3.96 million.

At the time of completion, the project has completed its planned activities and the set outputs have
been delivered. Most importantly:

      Natura 2000 inventory manual and methodologies have been developed and tested;
      A Natura 2000 GIS and Database has been developed;
      More than one million hectares of potential Natura 2000 sites have been investigated and
       findings compiled in the National Natura 2000 Database and GIS

In addition:
     More than 80 field experts have been trained in and have gained experience with Natura
        2000 field inventory work, including data compilation;
     Some MoEW and MAF staff, regionally and centrally, have worked with Natura 2000,
        mainly fieldwork, and have thereby enhanced their knowledge and understanding of Natura
        2000 and the requirements for conservation;
     Generally, the level of awareness about Natura 2000, in particular among politicians and
        government officials, has increased. Most likely the interest at high level is related to the
        fact that Natura 2000 preparation and compliance is a requirement for EU-accession.

The Project has been implemented in collaboration with staff from the National Nature Protection
Service by a team of consultants funded by DANCEE. In total, 14 person-months of international
consultant input and 83 person-months of Bulgarian consultant input have been provided. In
addition, DANCEE has provided funds for field inventory experts (137 person-months), equipment,
office running, training, workshops and publications.

The Project has accomplished what it set out to do. Most notably it has initiated the process of
preparing Bulgaria for Natura 2000 by identifying priority candidate sites for the Bulgarian Natura
2000 network. However, more work is required for Bulgarian compliance with Natura 2000, in
particular the urgent task of completing the draft list of potential Bulgarian Natura 2000 sites - an
exercise that must be completed by December 2006. The Project has therefore supported the NNPS
in its efforts to attract further external funding:

      A proposal to the MoEW Enterprise Facility for a BGL 1.36 Million 2-year Project (2005 -
       2006) to continue the NNPS Natura 2000 Secretariat and to do field inventories to complete



                                                                                               Page 6
                            Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




    the draft list of potential Natura 2000 sites. At its meeting in December 2004, the steering
    committee of the MoEW Enterprise Facility agreed to fund the first year of this project, and
    so the NNPS Natura 2000 Secretariat reopened 3rd January 2005 under the auspices of the
    new project.

   A proposal to the EU-Phare Programme for a Euro 1.8 million 3-year Project (2006-2008) to
    strengthen the capacity of the NNPS to deal with Natura 2000, as well as further refining the
    Natura 2000 Network.




                                                                                          Page 7
                               Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




1. Introduction
This Project Completion Report constitutes the final formal report of the DANCEE-funded
"Conservation of Species and Habitats in Bulgaria: EU Approximation". The report was prepared
by the Project Management Group, and it follows the format outlined for completion reports in
DANCEE's Project Cycle Management Manual of 1999. A draft version of the completion report
was approved by the Project Steering Committee at its final meeting in December 2004. This final
version includes comments and suggestions provided at this meeting, and it summarises processes,
findings and achievements of the entire implementation period that ran from 1st of October 2002 to
31st December 2004. For detailed records, readers are referred to the previous Project Reports
prepared by the Project Team, listed in the table below for easy reference:

Project Reports, Conservation of Species and Habitats in Bulgaria: EU Approximation
Reports        Date             Period         Key Topics
                                                Review of Project assumptions, objectives,
                                  st
Inception      March 2003       1 October
Report         (Draft)          2002             outputs, activities, inputs, budget and strategies
               May 2003         -                in view of the reduced financial framework;
               (Revised/final) 28th February  Presentation of revised project strategy and
                                2003             implementation plan;
                                                Presentation of inception period activities carried
                                                 out
                                                Presentation of field inventory strategy first
 st                               st
1 Progress     June 2003        1 March
Report                          2003             season, including:
                                -               Selection and Terms of Reference for field
                                31st May 2003    inventory sub-contractors;
                                                Selection of sites to be investigated;
                                                Field Inventory Manual, maps and other tools in
                                                 support of fieldwork.
 nd
2 Progress     November         1 June 2003  Status and progress of field inventory work;
                                  st

Report         2003             -               Latest developments in EU requirements,
                                31st October     including revised Species and Habitat lists
                                2003            Proposal for six-month project extension.
3rd Progress   February 2004 1st November  Results from the 2003 field inventory season;
Report                          2003            Planning and organisation of the 2004 field
                                -                inventory season, including draft terms of
                                31st January     reference for field inventory contractors and
                                2004             selection of sub-contractors.
                                                Draft list of sites to be targeted in 2004.
                                                Results from the 2004 field inventory season
 th                               st
4 Progress     October 2004 1 February
Report                          2004            Overview and status of initiatives to obtain
                                -                additional external funding to support the NNPS
                                31st             in Bulgaria's Natura 2000 preparation process
                                September        beyond DANCEE funding.
                                2004            Preliminary status of project achievements
Completion     November         1st October     Final analysis of project achievements
Report (this   2004 (Draft)     2002 -          Final technical reporting (Annex E),
report)        January 2005     31st December    summarising Bulgaria's Natura 2000
               (Final)          2004             preparations and the work ahead.



                                                                                             Page 8
                                     Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




The implementation of the Project was overseen by a Project Steering Committee with
representatives from:

       The Danish Environment Protection Agency, Danish Ministry of Environment (1).
       The Bulgarian National Nature Protection Service/Ministry of Environment and Water (1)
       The Bulgarian National Forestry Board/Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (1)
       The Bulgarian Ministry of Regional Development and Public Works (1)
       The Bulgarian Academy of Science (2)
       Bulgarian Non-governmental Organisations (2)

The Project Steering Committee met six times:

       April 2003;
       July 2003;
       November 2003;
       February 2004;
       October 2004;
       December 2004.

During these meetings, the committee approved project progress and plans, and recommended to
DEPA that project reports be approved. As evidenced by the minutes from these meetings,
following a slow start, the project has been implemented as planned. At the time of completion, the
Project has accomplished what it set out to do: "The process of preparing Bulgaria for Natura
20001 is initiated by identifying priority candidate sites for the Bulgarian Natura 2000 network,
identifying requirements for additional sites and by building stakeholder capacity, participation
and awareness about Natura 2000".




1
  It is noted that Natura 2000 and the associated EU Directives - Directive 79/409/ECC (Birds Directive) and Directive
92/43/EEC (Habitats Directive) - deal with conservation of species and habitats of European Importance. Compliance
with these directives is the EU's Minimum requirements to bio-diversity conservation for EU membership. However, to
fully cover Bulgaria's biodiversity, species and habitats of national importance must also be protected. The Project has
catered for this need by including species and habitats of national importance in its field investigations and in the
national Natura 2000 GIS and Database.



                                                                                                                 Page 9
                               Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




2. Project Context

2.1 Project Document and Contract
The Project Document for "Conservation of Species and Habitats in Bulgaria: EU Approximation"
was developed in 2001. The project was originally planned as a three-year project to start at the
beginning of 2002, with a total budget of DKK 10.40 million. However, the project start was
delayed, and in September 2002 the Project Budget was reduced to DKK 3.96 million, and the
implementation period cut to 21 months: running from 1st October 2002 to 30th June 2004.

The reductions in resources available to the project and the shortening of the implementation period
had an impact on the project scope, but not the project focus. The overall project aim and the four
project outputs were maintained, while the immediate project objective was changed to reflect the
reduced scope. Project objectives and outputs are shown in the table below. The project indicators
were also revised and presented in the Project Inception Report, together with a revised and detailed
project implementation plan. A review of the delivery of project outputs is provided in Section 3 of
this completion report.

In January 2004 DEPA agreed to a six-month no-cost extension of the project, extending it to
December 2004. The purpose of the extension was essentially to provide more time for completion
of the 2004 field inventory season, and time for the Project Team to assist the National Nature
Protection Service to obtain additional external support to prepare Bulgaria for Natura 2000. The
project implementation plan was revised in accordance with the six-month extension. Following
the latest revisions in January 2004, the key features of the project are as follows:

Topic               Description
Title               Conservation of Species and Habitats in Bulgaria: EU-Approximation
Duration            1st October 2002 to 31st December 2004 (27 months)
Total Budget        DKK 3,961,950 (including contingencies)
Overall Objective   Bulgaria's rich biodiversity sustainably managed and adequately
                    protected
Immediate Objective The process of preparing Bulgaria for Natura 2000 is initiated by
                    identifying priority candidate sites for the Bulgarian Natura 2000
                    network, identifying requirements for additional sites and by building
                    stakeholder capacity, participation and awareness about Natura 2000.
Project Outputs     1. A systematic network of SPAs and pSCIs established in accordance
                         with the European Natura 2000 Network;
                    2. Increased capacity of MoEW, MAF, their regional offices, scientific
                         institutions and NGOs to carry out inventories and identify potential
                         Natura 2000 sites;
                    3. Enhanced participation of local authorities and stakeholders in
                         biodiversity planning and management;
                    4. Biodiversity conservation awareness among the general public and
                         authorities raised.
Main        DANCEE- 1. International short-term consultant input: 14 months
funded input:       2. Bulgarian long and short-term consultant input: 83 months
                    3. Funds for procurement of field equipment, vehicle and computers
                    4. Funds for operation of Project Office, training and workshops
                    5. Funds for field inventories, DKK 750,000



                                                                                              Page 10
                                     Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




2.2 Natura 2000 Requirements
NATURA 2000 is a network of protected sites in European Union member states. Natura 2000 has
as its purpose to "maintain or restore at favourable conservation status, the natural habitats and
species of Community interest within their natural area of distribution". Old and new EU-member
states must designate sites for the Natura 2000 network. The Natura 2000 network will be
composed of:

    A. Special Protection Areas (SPAs). SPAs are established for the protection of the bird species
       listed in Annex I of the Directive 79/409/EEC (Birds Directive) and the habitats of migratory
       bird species; and
    B. Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) established for the protection of the habitats listed in
       Annex I of the Directive 92/43/EEC (Habitats Directive) and the habitats of species listed in
       Annex II of the Habitats Directive.

For each site proposed, biological inventory data and other information must be compiled in the
EU-Commission Natura 2000 Standard Data Form. In addition, a map at least in scale 1:100,000,
showing external boundaries and the centre of each site, must be prepared. New EU-member states
must have a draft list of proposed Natura 2000 sites ready on EU-accession. Presently, it is
expected that Bulgaria will join the European Union in January 2007. Thus, the first draft list of
proposed Bulgarian Natura 2000 sites must be completed in December 2006.

The European Commission has developed special computer software for compilation and analysis
of Natura 2000 data. On a regular basis, as the EU expands and as the software is tested and further
refined, the Natura 2000 software is being upgraded and requirements and instructions changed,
most recently in March 2004. EU-candidate countries must keep their Natura 2000 data in the latest
available versions.

In conjunction with the expansion of the European Union with ten new member countries in May
2004, the lists of Natura 2000 habitats and species were revised to cater for the nature of the ten
new member countries. New habitats and species were added to the lists and more inclusive
interpretations of habitat descriptions recommended. In preparation for Romania's and Bulgaria's
accession (in 2007), the European Commission has asked these countries to propose new Natura
2000 species and habitats. Bulgaria has proposed 10 new habitats, of which the European
Commission has preliminarily accepted 3 new habitats for Bulgaria2.

The above paragraphs demonstrate that EU requirements for Natura 2000 compliance are not static
but subject to frequent change. On accession, Bulgaria must comply with the latest requirements in
relation to: 1) Natura 2000 software and data format; 2) which species and habitats to be protected
(as listed in the annexes to the directives); 3) which habitat interpretations to use; 4) as well as all
other instructions and requirements. By keeping close links to the Environment Directorate-
General of the European Commission (Directorate B: Environmental Quality of Natural Resources,
Sector B.2: Nature and Biodiversity), the Project has ensured that latest standards have been
complied with throughout the project. For example:

2
 Please refer to Annex B, page 16 of this report. The three enclosures to Annex B (10.1, 10.2 and 10.3) summarises the
correspondence between the NNPS and the European Commission on the subject.



                                                                                                              Page 11
                                      Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




        The Project GIS and database strategy was revised in March 2004 in compliance with latest
         requirements (in conjunction with a visit to Bulgaria from the EC);

        Species and habitat lists issued in conjunction with the EU expansion in May 2004 were
         revised by the Project, and updated lists applicable to Bulgaria were established;

        In continuation of the Natura 2000 habitat reviews organised by the Project, 10 new habitats
         were proposed to the European Commission, to be adopted in conjunction with Bulgaria's
         EU-accession (in January 2007). Three of these have been accepted.

The European Commission is not specific in relation to the required coverage of national Natura
2000 networks3. Recently, the Government of Bulgaria stated that it expects the Bulgarian Natura
2000 Network to cover at least 15 % of Bulgaria's territory. Considering the rich biodiversity of
Bulgaria and the coverage of Natura 2000 sites in EU-member countries with far less biodiversity
than Bulgaria, it seems likely that the Bulgarian Natura 2000 network will cover 25 - 35 % of
Bulgaria's territory. In approximate figures, it is expected that, on accession, the Bulgarian Natura
2000 network must consist of the following sites:

        100 potential Special Protection Areas (SPAs) in accordance with the Bird Directive

        150 proposed Sites of Community Importance (pSCI) in accordance with the Habitat
         Directive (area subjects)

        50 proposed pSCI which are eco-corridors including 25 rivers (linear subjects)

        800 - 1,200 pSCI caves, including 200 important for bats (point subjects)


2.3 Other Projects in Bulgaria:
"Conservation of Species and Habitats: EU-Approximation" has worked with other projects and
institutions in Bulgaria dealing with biodiversity conservation and Natura 2000-related subjects.
The most important ones are:

Bulgarian Biodiversity Foundation (previous Bulgarian-Swiss Biodiversity Conservation
Programme) is expected to submit to the Natura 2000 Project Office completed Natura 2000

3
  While the requirements to the total coverage of national Natura 2000 networks are not specific, the Commission uses
the following broad guidelines to assess if species and habitats listed in the annexes of the Habitats Directive (and found
in the country in question) are sufficiently represented:
< 20 % of national population (species) or national coverage (habitats) included in the national Natura 2000 network:
network insufficient, more sites must be designated
20 - 60 % - for discussion
> 60 % - sufficient, additional sites not required for protection of each particular species and habitat

For the Bird Directive, the five best sites for each species should be designated.

Other criteria include degree of preservation (restoration possible), isolation and spatial distribution of sites in the
network, as well as the global status of each particular species and habitats. It is noted that there is plenty of room for
discussion and negotiation when assessing if a country's Natura 2000 network complies with the requirements of the
two directives, please also refer to Annex C of Progress Report 3.



                                                                                                                  Page 12
                               Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




Standard Data Forms for potential Natura 2000 sites in areas where they have worked – Shabla,
Durankulak, Varnensko ezero, Atanasovsko ezero, Komplex Mandar-Poda, Bourgasko ezero,
Kamchia, Komplex Ropotamo, Strandja, Iztochni Rhodope, and Pirin.

Silvika Foundation (previous Bulgarian-Swiss Forest Conservation Programme) is planning to
work on developing management plans for the four Nature Parks – Vrachanski Balkan, Balgarka,
Zlatni Piasatzi, Shumensko plato. Management plans have not been developed for these parks yet,
and the foundation has been in contact with the Natura 2000 Project to discuss how to include
Natura 2000 in this work.

“Inventory, Strategy for sustainable management and protection of virgin forests in Bulgaria” - a
project implemented by the Institute of Forest Science - will provide at in completion in 2005 the
NNPS with GIS and databases from 2003 and 2004 field seasons. So far this project has identified
25 000 ha of virgin forests that is not included in protected territories. Most probably, these areas
will qualify for inclusion in the Natura 2000 network.

“Identifying important herpetological areas (for tortoises and snakes) in Bulgaria with European
significance for the purposes of Natura 2000” is a project implemented by the Bulgarian
Herpetological Society. The project submitted to the Natura 2000 Project Office 16 sites identified
plus relevant Bulgarian data for the following species included in Annex ІІ of Habitats Directive:

      Testudo graeca
      Testudo hermanii
      Elaphe situla
      Elaphe quatuorlineata

The project also provided methodology for estimation of the population sizes in Bulgaria of
herpetofauna.

“Grassland inventory in Bulgaria”, Netherlands, Royal Dutch Society for Nature Conservation,
and Institute of Botany, BAS; financed by PINMATRA. According to the CORINE land cover,
Bulgaria has 700 000 ha of grasslands. The project has conducted inventories in 350 000 ha of
grasslands in three field seasons (2002 - 2004), and it is expected that the project will provide
relevant Natura 2000 information gathered through these three field seasons to the NNPS Natura
2000 Secretariat.

“Conservation of Biodiversity in the Rhodope Mountains”, UNDP. The project started in June 2004
and it uses the inventory manuals and field forms developed under the DANCEE-funded Natura
2000 project. First inventories of rivers in the Rhodope were completed October 2004, and it is
scheduled that the results from these will be submitted to the NNPS Natura 2000 Secretariat

MoEW National Parks Directorates –Rila and Central Balkan; and MAF/NFB – National Park
Directorates – Rousenski Lom, Sinite kamani, Rilski manastir. These parks are committed to
submitting completed Natura 2000 Standard data forms for their territories to the Natura 2000
Project Office.

"Developing a National Biodiversity Monitoring System for Bulgaria at the Executive Environment
Agency". This Dutch-funded project, running from January 2004 to June 2005, focuses on:



                                                                                              Page 13
                                      Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




        Developing a national programme for biodiversity monitoring;
        Capacity Strengthening of the Executive Environment Agency, MoEW; and
        Capacity building of Regional Inspectorate Staff in the field of biodiversity monitoring.

The Natura 2000 Project Team, in particular the GIS and Database Manager, has assisted this
project with provision of advice and guidance, in particular in relation to GIS and Database
management.

“Establishing the Bulgarian GIS database of Ramsar sites as the first step towards the National
Wetlands database”, BSPB. The project is scheduled to present fauna descriptions for 33 sites that
could potentially be used for completing the Natura 2000 standard data forms for the areas.

“Wetlands Restoration and Pollution Reduction”, World Bank. The EU-Phare component of the
project will start in 2005 and will be working on the development of management plans for Persina
Nature Park and Kalimok Protected Area. It is planned that information necessary for completing
the Natura 2000 Standard Data forms will be submitted to the NNPS Natura 2000 secretariat


2.4 Project Assumptions
A number of assumptions, on which the success of the project depends, were listed in the Project
Document. In the Project Inception Report these assumptions were reviewed, and it was concluded
that the assumptions were still valid. By the time of project completion, the Project Management
Group continues to assess the stated assumptions favourably, as shown in the tables below:


General Assumptions:
General Assumption, PD Section 2.7, page 15                  Comments:
1) The new government in Bulgaria will continue the on-      Throughout the project, the Government of Bulgaria has
going work towards EU approximation after the end of         given high priority to EU approximation, including the
the project period and thus the establishment of an          requirements related to the EU Habitat and Bird
ecological network that eventually will fulfil the EU        Directives (Natura 2000). By agreeing to fund from the
requirements                                                 MoEW Enterprise Facility the continuation the work
                                                             initiated under the DANCEE funded Project, the
                                                             Government shows that its commitment will be
                                                             maintained beyond the project.
2) The draft Biodiversity Act will be enacted later this     The Act was enacted 2nd August 2002 and published 6th
year (2001)                                                  August 2002 in the National Gazette.
3) Designating the protected areas will be followed by       The DANCEE-funded Natura 2000 Project does not deal
implementing appropriate management resources to the         with management of potential Natura 2000 sites.
areas.                                                       However, there continues to be several initiatives,
                                                             including donor-supported ones that seek to promote
                                                             sustainable management of parks and other protected
                                                             areas. The proposed EU-Phare Natura 2000 Project will
                                                             strengthen the capacity of the NNPS to manage protected
                                                             areas.




                                                                                                              Page 14
                                       Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




Specific Assumptions:
Level:                                     Assumption, as stated in Project            Comments:
                                           Logframe:
DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE:                     From Immediate Objective to                 The stated assumptions are related to
Bulgaria’s rich biodiversity               Development Objective:                      long-term impacts of the project.
sustainably managed and adequately                                                     The present political and legal
protected                                  Adequate protection measures taken.         framework is favourable and there
                                                                                       are several ongoing interventions in
                                           Network of Protected areas respected        place to improve the management of
                                           in regional planning and other              protected areas. The assumptions are
                                           planning. Awareness and political           still valid and the situation is likely to
                                           support to biodiversity conservation.       be maintained beyond the lifetime of
                                                                                       the project.
IMMEDIATE OBJECTIVE:                       From Outputs to Immediate                   The three assumptions are still valid:
The process of preparing Bulgaria for      Objective:
Natura 2000 is initiated by                Broad political support to                  The political will remains favourable
identifying priority candidate sites for   biodiversity conservation continues.        and is likely to continue.
the Bulgarian Natura 2000 network,
identifying requirements for               Provided capacity building is               On-the-job training of inspectors and
additional sites and by building           explored on the job.                        other project partners has been
stakeholder capacity, participation                                                    pursued by the project, enabling staff
and awareness about Natura 2000                                                        to incorporate Natura 2000 in their
                                                                                       day-to-day work.

                                           Economic and socio-economic forces          During the project period there have
                                           do not substantially change land-use        been no major changes in Bulgarian
                                           practices in a way that jeopardises         land use practices. The implications
                                           biodiversity conservation.                  of EU-membership on land-use
                                                                                       practices are not known.
OUTPUTS:                                   From Activities to Immediate
                                           Objective:
1) A systematic network of SPAs and        1) Political will to establish a national   1) Assumption still valid. The
pSCIs established in accordance with       network of Natura 2000 sites.               political will continues to be
the European Natura 2000 Network.                                                      favourable.

2) Increased capacity of MoEW,             2) Staff motivated and available for        2) Assumption still valid. Some staff
MAF, their regional offices, scientists    training.                                   have participated eagerly in training
and NGOs to carry out inventories                                                      events, others have not. Some staff
and to identify potential SPAs and                                                     claim that they are too busy with
pSCIs.                                                                                 other assignments, and there have
                                                                                       been no financial incentives to
                                                                                       encourage participation.

3) Enhanced participation of local         3) Stakeholder representatives              3) By providing stakeholders with
authorities and stakeholders in            motivated.                                  maps and information on workshops
biodiversity planning and                                                              and at other occasions, the project has
management.                                                                            developed strong links to several
                                                                                       regional authorities, scientific bodies
                                                                                       and NGOs.

4) Biodiversity conservation               4) Press interested in biodiversity         4) Assumption still valid. The
awareness raised among the general         conservation issues                         interest in the project has continued
public and authorities.                                                                to be high, as evidenced by the
                                                                                       interest in the Project Home Page,
                                                                                       posters and folders.




                                                                                                                         Page 15
                                          Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




3. Project Outputs
The Project was designed to deliver four main Project Outputs. In the section it is explained how
the project has successfully delivered these. For an overview of the status of the project activities
underlying each of the Project Outputs, readers are referred to the Output/Activity Monitoring Form
in Annex A.


Output 1:
"A systematic network of SPAs and pSCI established in accordance with the European Natura 2000
Network"

Indicators, Output 1:
   1) "Priority candidate sites identified and documentation in terms of maps and inventory data
       for these supplied;
   2) Requirements identified for additional sites to be nominated to complete the Natura 2000
       Network in Bulgaria."

Comments, Output 1:
1) 153 sites (67 sites in 2003 and 86 sites in 2004, of which 8 were from gap analysis of sites
investigated in the 2003 field season) covering more than 1 million hectares have been investigated.
Inventory data have been included in Natura 2000 Standard Data Forms completed for each site.
Maps for each site have been also been prepared in accordance with EU requirements. Finally, all
spatial data and other relevant information has been compiled in the Natura 2000 Database and GIS
developed by the project.

2) The European Commission does not set absolute targets to be met in relation to geographical
coverage of the national Natura 2000 networks or the share of national species populations and
habitats coverage to be included4. It is therefore not possible to say precisely how many more sites
must be a) investigated, and b) designated for Bulgaria to comply with Natura 2000. However, a
presentation of priority sites to be investigated in the future is provided in Annex E. These sites are
to be targeted in the approved MoEW Enterprise Facility-funded Natura 2000 Project.

The above analysis verifies the two indicators and shows that Output 1 has been delivered.


Output 2:
"Increased capacity of MoEW, MAF, their regional offices, scientists and NGOs to carry out
inventories and to identify potential SPAs and pSCIs"

Indicator, Output 2:
"Capacity Increased"

Comments, Output 2:
In the two field seasons more than 80 experts from Bulgarian NGOs and scientific institutes have
participated in various aspects of field inventory work, thereby acquiring skills in Natura 2000
related fieldwork. These experts, as well as a large number of government officials and other

4
    Please refer to footnote 3, page 12



                                                                                               Page 16
                                Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




persons have attended training sessions, workshops, meetings and exhibitions. These included the
Plovdiv Fairs in 2003 and 2004, where the Project Team and staff from MoEW explained and
discussed various aspects of Natura 2000 with scientists, NGOs and other interested parties. Hence
capacity has been strengthened compared to when the project started. The indicator "Capacity
Increased" is verified, and Output 2 delivered. However, improvements are still required, and
hence the focus on capacity building in the proposed EU-Phare project.


Output 3:
"Enhanced participation of local authorities and stakeholders in biodiversity planning and
management"

Indicator, Output 3:
"Local authorities and stakeholders involved in planning and implementation of field inventories of
potential SPAs and pSCIs."

Comments, Output 3:
Local authorities from the MoEW Regional Inspectorates and from Forestry Units have been
involved in fieldwork activities. Prior to fieldwork, local regional inspectorates and local forestry
units have been informed about inventories to be undertaken in their jurisdictions. During
fieldwork, staff have been asked to participate in work and to provide local expertise. Some have
eagerly participated, other have been less interested. To further their interest, local authorities have
been provided with maps of potential sites in their areas, of CORINE sites and other relevant
information. Altogether, local authorities and other stakeholders have been involved, the indicator
verified and the output delivered. However, it is desirable that local participation be enhanced, and
the proposed EU-Phare project will specifically target regional and local authorities.


Output 4:
"Biodiversity conservation awareness raised among the general public and authorities"

Indicator, Output 4:
"Awareness raised"

Comments, Output 4:
The project team has disseminated information on Natura 2000 and biodiversity conservation to all
interested parties in the format of presentations at meetings and workshops, project information
sheets and posters. The many visits to the Project web-site imply that many people are interested in
Natura 2000 and biodiversity. It is therefore concluded that that output has been delivered and the
indicator verified.




                                                                                                Page 17
                              Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




4. Project Inputs

4.1 DANCEE Funded Input:
DANCEE has provided its input to the project through a consultancy contract with the Danish
consultancy company DARUDEC. The contract was revised in February 2004 in conjunction with
the 6-month extension of the project. The input has been provided as scheduled and is summarised
in the paragraphs below:


International Consultant Input:
Project Manager Mr Jens Bach visited Bulgaria on missions of 2 to 4 weeks duration to plan,
organise, oversee and monitor project implementation in collaboration with the Bulgarian Project
Director Dr. Hristo Bojinov and the Bulgarian Project Co-ordinator Mr Simeon Marin. Additional
input has been provided by distance via e-mail, telephone and fax. Detailed records of the Project
Manager's missions are provided in his mission reports annexed to the Project Inception Report,
subsequent Progress Reports and this completion report (Annex B - October and December 2004).
An overview is provided in the table below:


Timing, PM Visit        Key topics addressed:
October 2002            Project start, including establishing the Project Office, procurement and
                        development of project operations procedures.
December 2002           Project Inception Workshop, procurement and revision and adjustment of
                        project operations procedures.
February/March 2003     Revision and development of Project Implementation Strategy and
                        drafting of Project Inception Report.
April 2003              1st Meeting of the Project Steering Committee. Finalisation of strategy
                        for the first field inventory season.
June/July 2003          2nd Project Steering Committee Meeting. Monitoring of field inventory
                        work and procurement of Project Vehicle.
October 2003            Monitoring of field inventory work. Development of six-month no-cost
                        project extension.
November 2003           3rd Project Steering Committee meeting. Monitoring of field inventory
                        work and preparation of minor funding proposal to MoEW Enterprise
                        Facility.
February 2004           Analyses of results from first field inventory season. Development of
                        strategy for second field inventory season. Drafting of EU-Phare Project
                        Fiche. 4th Project Steering Committee meeting.
May/June 2004           Development of MoEW Enterprise Facility project proposal and
                        monitoring of EU-Phare proposal. Monitoring of field inventory work.
July/August 2004        Monitoring and revisions of funding proposals to EU-Phare Programme
                        and to MoEW Enterprise Facility. Monitoring of field inventory work.
October 2004            Analysis and reporting of results from 2nd field inventory season.
                        Monitoring of funding proposals. 5th Project Steering Committee
                        meeting.
December 2004           Final meeting of the Project Steering Committee. Final technical
                        reporting and finalisation and closure of the Project.




                                                                                          Page 18
                               Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




Natura 2000 Expert Dr Otars Opermanis visited Bulgaria in February 2004 to support the
development of a Bulgarian field inventory manual and the organisation of fieldwork, based on
experiences gained in the DANCEE-supported sister Natura 2000 Project in Latvia. A detailed
record of mission findings is annexed to the Project Inception Report of May 2003.

GIS Expert Ms Trine Louring Nielsen visited Bulgaria in February 2003. Together with the
Bulgarian GIS and Database Manager, she developed a GIS strategy for the Project. Detailed
findings are provided in her mission report, annexed to the Project Inception Report of May 2003.

Natura 2000 Expert Mr Per Egge Rasmussen visited Bulgaria in November/December 2003. His
main input was to provide training in Natura 2000 requirements to species and habitat inclusions in
sites designated for Natura 2000. A detailed record of his findings is included in the 3rd Progress
Report of February 2004.


Bulgarian Consultant Input:
Project Co-ordinator Mr Simeon Marin has worked full-time on the project since its beginning in
October 2002. With the international Project Manager assigned to the project on a part-time basis
only, the Project Co-ordinator has effectively managed the project on a day-to-day basis,
particularly in the organisation and supervision of field inventory work. Mr Marin has also co-
ordinated project interventions with other projects and organisations.

GIS and Database Manager Ms Kalina Lazarova has worked full-time on the project from
November 2002. Apart from developing and managing all aspects of GIS and data analysis,
including liaison with the European Commission to comply with latest requirements, Ms Lazarova
has provided advice and developed maps for a long list of sister projects, NGOs and government
institutions.

Project Assistant Ms Boryana Ganeva has worked full-time on the project since November 2002.
She has functioned as the office manager of the Natura 2000 Secretariat and has provided support to
the Project Co-ordinator and the GIS and Database Manager on both technical and administrative
issues.

Project Assistant Ms Evgenia Dobreva has worked on a part-time basis to support the GIS and
Database Manager with production of maps and analysis of data.

Field Inventory Experts, in total 137 person-months of input, were engaged as sub-contractors to do
field inventories of Habitats and Flora, Birds, Mammals, Invertebrates, Fishes, Amphibians and
Reptiles in potential Natura 2000 sites. The field inventory teams were lead by Professor Dr
Nankinov, Dr Meshinev and Dr Hibaum, all of the Bulgarian Academy of Science, and Mr Ivanov
of the NGO Green Balkans. Detailed findings from the work completed by the teams are provided
in the Inventory Reports annexed to Progress Report 3 of February 2004 and Progress Report 4 of
October 2004.




                                                                                           Page 19
                               Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




Other Input:
The Project has provided funds for procurement and maintenance of equipment, for project and
office running, and for training, workshops and publications. An overview is provided in the
financial status in Section 5 of this report and in Annex C.


4.2 Government of Bulgaria Input
It was planned that the Government of Bulgaria should provide a total of approximately 300
person-months of staff input from the regional inspectorates and staff employed centrally in MoEW
and MAF. Although no detailed records have been kept, it is estimated that the staff input has been
less than planned, typically explained by staff being busy with other assignments and therefore
unable to attend to the project as much as anticipated.

The Government of Bulgaria has also provided, more-or-less as planned, in kind input to the project
in the form of office space and meeting rooms, local communication including phones, local
transport, maps and digital geographical data (including Agricultural Model and Forest Ownership
Model), access to all other relevant data available to the MoEW and MAF.

In relation to Bulgaria's Natura 2000 preparation process beyond the DANCEE-funded project, it is
noted that the MoEW recently recruited one officer to work exclusively with Natura 2000 in the
central administration, as well as 15 Natura 2000 officers assigned to the regional inspectorates of
the MoEW.




                                                                                            Page 20
                                         Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




5. Financial Status
A summary of DANCEE's financial contribution by the end of the Project is provided in the table
below. The figures in are based on DARUDEC's invoices to DANCEE, the latest invoice in
conjunction with the completion (column C).


Budget Line / Description / Unit                   A            B            C         B + C,         A - (B + C)
                                                 Budget       Used         Used       Total use        Balance
                                               01/10/02 -   01/10/02 -   01/10/04 -   01/10/02-     Budget     Per-
                                                31/12/04    30/09/04     31/12/04     31/12/04                  cent
I. International Project Staff, months
1. Project Manager, Mr Bach, months                  11.5         10.4          1.1          11.5          0    0%
2. Short-term International Experts, months*          2.6          1.6          1.0           2.6          0    0%
Sub-total, months                                    14.1         12.0          2.1          14.1          0    0%
II. Bulgarian Project Staff, months
1. Project Co-ordinator, Mr Marin, months              27          24             3           27           0    0%
2. GIS/Database Man, Mrs Lazarova, months              26          23             3           26           0    0%
3. Project Asst L/T, Ms Ganeva, months                 26          23             3           26           0    0%
4. Project Assistant, S/T ad hoc, months                4           4             0            4           0    0%
Sub-total, months                                      83          74             9           83           0    0%
III. Project Procurement (Unit: DKK)
1. Office Equipment, DKK                           89,500      79,633        4,180         83,813      5,687    6%
2. Technical Equipment, DKK                        90,000      90,123            0         90,123       -123    0%
3. Project Vehicle, DKK                            75,000      74,892            0         74,892        108    0%
Sub-total, DKK                                    254,500     244,648        4,180        248,828      5,672    2%
IV. Project Operations (Unit: DKK)
1. Office Running, DKK                            104,000      68,708       24,399         93,107    10,892    10%
2. Vehicle running, DKK                            58,000      46,880       16,168         63,048    -5,048    -9%
Su-total, DKK                                     162,000     115,588       40,567        150,204     5,844     4%
V. Project Activities (Unit: DKK)
1. Inventories, DKK                               750,000     627,811      148,961        776,772    -26,772    -4%
2. Workshops and Training, DKK                     50,000      40,201        5,236         45,437      4,563     9%
3. Publications, DKK                               50,000      21,388       25,507         46,895      3,105     6%
4. Training Activities, DKK                        50,000      22,613            0         22,613     27,387   28%
Sub-total                                         900,000     712,013      179,704        891,717      8,283     1%
IV. Contingencies (Unit: DKK)                       6,125           0            0              0      6,125   100%

Notes:


Column A: This is the budget in DARUDEC's contract with DANCEE, including the revision
agreed in January 2004 in connection with the six-month extension of the Project.

Column B: This is the total expenditure during previous reporting periods (Inception Report
01/10/02 - 28/02/03; First Progress Report 01/03/03 - 31/05/03; Second Progress Report 01/06/03 -
31/10/03; Third Progress Report 01/11/03 - 31/01/04); Fourth Progress Report 01/02/04 - 30/09/04).

Column C: This is the total expenditure during the final three months of the project (01/10/04 -
31/12/04), as per DARUDEC's final invoice to DANCEE

* Please note that one-month input for international short-term experts was used by the Project
Manager in November/December as agreed with DANCEE.




                                                                                                                       Page 21
                                Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




6. Project Sustainability
By the end of 2004, the Project will finish. As explained in Section 3 and in Annex A of this report,
the project will then have accomplished what it set out to do.

In relation to Bulgaria's technical preparations for Natura 2000 (Output 1), the most important
achievements of the project are:

      Natura 2000 inventory manual and methodologies has been developed and tested;
      A Natura 2000 GIS and Database has been developed;
      More than one million hectares of potential Natura 2000 sites have been investigated.

In relation to output 2, 3 and 4, the key achievements are that:

      More than 80 field experts have been trained in and have gained experience with Natura
       2000 field inventory work, including data compilation;
      Some MoEW and MAF staff, regionally and centrally, have worked with Natura 2000,
       mainly fieldwork, and have thereby enhanced their knowledge and understanding of Natura
       2000 and the requirements to conservation;
      Generally, the level of awareness about Natura 2000, in particular among politicians and
       government officials, has increased. Most likely the interest at high level is related to the
       fact that Natura 2000 preparation and compliance is a requirement for EU-accession.

The National Nature Protection Service of the MoEW is the government agency responsible for
Natura 2000 in Bulgaria, and the Project has worked with this agency to achieve the above. A
foundation for preparing the draft list of Bulgarian sites to be part of the Natura 2000 Network
before EU accession in January 2007 has been laid, but the NNPS will not be able to complete this
task in time unless it is strengthened.

This Project has responded to this challenge by assisting the NNPS in its efforts to obtain additional
external funding for Natura 2000:

      A proposal to the MoEW Enterprise Facility for a project to run for two years in immediate
       continuation of the DANCEE funded project to complete the exercise of preparing a draft
       list of proposed Natura sites by the end of 2006. The proposal was submitted by the
       Bulgarian NGO "Green Balkans" early October 2004 and has a total budget of BGL 1.36
       million. In December 2004 MoEW Enterprise Facility funding was approved for the first
       year of the Project (2005), and Green Balkans has engaged the Bulgarian DANCEE Natura
       2000 Team to run the Project Office - the MoEW Natura 2000 Secretariat, thereby securing
       continuity from the DANCEE-funded project.

      A proposal submitted to the EU-Phare programme for a 3-year project to run from 2006 to
       further develop the list of proposed Natura 2000 sites, in particular in relation to mapping;
       to strengthen the capacity of central and regional government staff dealing with Natura
       2000; and to enhance awareness. The total budget of the project is Euro 1.8 million, and
       the proposal is presently with the European Integration Department of the MoEW for further
       processing in the EU-Phare project development and approval procedures. The indication is
       that proposal is top-ranked for funding.




                                                                                               Page 22
                                Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




Within the Government of Bulgaria, the National Nature Protection Service is working on
strengthening its capacity to prepare Bulgaria for Natura 2000: at central level, a Natura 2000
Officer was appointed in November 2004 to work full time with the DANCEE Project Team. In
addition, 15 Natura 2000 Officer has been appointed to work in the Regional Inspectorates.

The appointment of additional staff to work with Natura 2000 at central and regional level in the
NNPS is commendable and a step towards Bulgarian compliance with Natura 2000, and thereby the
wider requirements for Bulgarian membership of the EU. With the approval of MoEW Enterprise
Facility funding, there is a good chance that Bulgaria will complete the draft list of sites before the
deadline of December 2006. Even so it is believed that NNPS will need further additional support
(EU-Phare) for Bulgaria's wider Natura 2000 preparations - participation of regional authorities,
management and monitoring of Natura 2000 sites, and payment of compensation to private
landowners.




                                                                                               Page 23
                               Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




7. Impact Assessment

The Project was designed with the intention that by delivering the four main Project Outputs, the
Immediate Project Objective would be achieved and a contribution to the Project Development
Objective made. The Section below provides an assessment of the achievement of the Project
Objectives as well as other impacts - an impact assessment of the project.


Immediate Objective:
"The process of preparing Bulgaria for Natura 2000 is initiated by identifying priority candidate
sites for the Bulgarian Natura 2000 network, identifying requirements for additional sites and by
building stakeholder capacity, participation and awareness about Natura 2000".

Indicators, Immediate Objective:
    "Lists of sites substantiated with maps and inventory data"; and
    "Draft (incomplete) list of sites ready for submission to the EU Commission"

Comments, Immediate Objective:
The Project has initiated the process of identifying in a systematic manner potential Natura 2000
sites in Bulgaria to become part of the European Natura 2000 network. Spatial information,
biological and other data from the sites investigated has been compiled in the National Natura 2000
GIS and Database. The sites investigated are ready for submission to the European Commission,
but as mentioned, not all potential sites have been investigated; hence the need for further
interventions in this direction, as planned in the MoEW Enterprise Facility Project. Capacity
building, participation and awareness about Natura 2000 have also been enhanced, and so it is
concluded that the Project has fulfilled its Immediate Project Objective.


Development Objective:
"Bulgaria’s rich biodiversity sustainably managed and adequately protected"

Indicator, Development Objective:
"Sufficient areas of habitats and species of national and European interest maintained in a
favourable conservation status"

Comments, Development Objective:
Natura 2000 has at its purpose to "maintain or restore at favourable conservation status, the natural
habitats and species of Community interest within their natural area of distribution". Sites
designated as part of the Natura 2000 network will be subject EU to requirements on management
and monitoring that enhance biodiversity conservation. By initiating the process of identifying
potential sites in Bulgaria, the Project has made a contribution to the Development Objective.


Other Impacts:
The project has been implemented in the spirit of sharing information and other resources with
partners and stakeholders working towards the same overall goal of the Project: Conservation of
Bulgaria's and global biodiversity. Thus, the Project has "free of charge" provided maps and other
information to other projects, scientists and institutions. Such "gestures" have in most cases also



                                                                                             Page 24
                               Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




been reciprocated. It is believed that the Project has contributed to enhancing the spirit of
collaboration between Bulgarian biodiversity stakeholders.

The Project Team has at several occasions, at workshops and during missions in Bulgaria and
overseas, met with representatives of the European Commission dealing with various aspects of
Natura 2000. Such events have enabled a dialogue on initiatives in Bulgaria and their compatibility
with EU requirements - crucial for ensuring that the list of potential sites to be submitted on EU
accession is in compliance with latest EU-requirements, see also Section 2.2 of this report. The
indications from such meetings are that in relation to database management and GIS, Bulgaria is
quite advanced compared with other accession countries.




                                                                                           Page 25
                                   Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




8. Recommendations

Designation of sites to be included in the Natura 2000 Network:
In Section 2.2, it is explained that the draft list of sites (with completed standard data forms and
maps of each site) to be included in the Bulgarian Natura 2000 network has to be ready by
December 2006. It is recommended that Government of Bulgaria supports that this task be
completed in time.

Natura 2000 requirements in relation to computer software, species and habitats lists as well as
other issues are subject to change, and accession countries must comply with the latest
requirements. It is recommended that the Government of Bulgaria maintains its links to relevant
European Commission authorities in order to keep up with such changes.

In section 6, it is explained that the NNPS needs additional external support to fulfil the above
requirements. It is therefore recommended that the MoEW Enterprise Facility supports the proposal
submitted through Green Balkans5.

In addition, and to complement the above, it is recommended that the NNPS continues to strengthen
its capacity to deal with Natura 2000 by appointing Natura 2000 staff in addition to these recently
appointed, as explained in Section 4.2.


Capacity Building, Participation and Awareness:
The capacity of the NNPS to deal with Natura 2000 is insufficient. In particular, regional
inspectorates lack the skills and resources to participate comprehensively in the designation of sites,
as well as later steps in the Natura 2000 process including management of sites and biodiversity
monitoring. A proposal to strengthen these aspects has been submitted to the EU, and it is
recommended that the NNPS continues to support the proposal through the European Integration
Department of the MoEW to facilitate processing and approval of the proposal as quickly as
possible. Appointment of additional Natura staff, as recommended above, would also be helpful.


Co-ordination of Natura 2000 Interventions in Bulgaria:
A number of projects and organisations work with different topics related to Bulgaria's Natura 2000
preparation, as summarised in Section 2.3. The project has liaised and co-ordinated with these in an
attempt to ensure that information is shared, and efforts, for example in relation to collection if
inventory data, are not duplicated. Co-ordination is crucial, and it is recommended that the NNPS
strengthens the co-ordination between projects. Measures include stipulating clearly in project
contracts the obligation to share information, and enforcement of this obligation, should project
holders fail to provide information or data as agreed in their contracts.




5
 As previously explained, the MoEW Enterprise Facility agreed in December 2004 to fund the proposal in 2005. Thus,
The NNPS Natura 2000 Secretariat was staffed with the Bulgarian Project Team from 3 rd January 2005



                                                                                                          Page 26
                               Project Completion Report Natura 2000 Bulgaria




9. Lessons Learnt

Fieldwork:
Sub-contractors were hired on the basis of:

      Their expression of interest to participate in the work
      Their experiences with similar work;
      Their willingness to work for rates established by the Project Team and other instructions.
       The rates were based on an assessment of rates paid for similar work in similar projects.

This procurement procedure proved to be useful, as it was fast to recruit the necessary experts, and
the process was transparent. It should be noted that several of the contractors had little experience
with formal tender procedures, and that applying such procedures would most likely have excluded
many otherwise suitable contractors, as well as delaying fieldwork.


Training and workshops:
Most Natura 2000 training was delivered as:

      On-the-job training, for example in conjunction with fieldwork; and
      Meetings and workshops organised for other purposes, for example for meetings organised
       by the NNPS for establishment of borders of Protected Areas. The Project Team
       participated and delivered presentations on Natura 2000

This approach of "providing training when opportunities present themselves" is very low cost and
proved to be appropriate to a project with a low training budget. It is also a way of promoting the
integration of Natura 2000 considerations into the day-to-day work of government staff and other
stakeholders.


Information sharing:
Sharing of data and information is at times problematic. Results from projects and research are
sometimes "privatised", and the "owners" unwilling to share. As a result, a lot of work is
sometimes duplicated unnecessarily and resources wasted. Attempting to counteract this, the
Project has provided its results freely, and in return, this collaborative approach has been
reciprocated by most partners, as explained in Section 2.3.




                                                                                              Page 27

								
To top