Synergies in Multi-scale Inter-Linkages of Eco-social systems _SMILE_

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   Synergies in Multi-scale Inter-Linkages
      of Eco-social systems (SMILE)

Dr. Jarmo Vehmas
Presentation at the conference "Research on Sustainable Development
Indicators: Taking Stock of Results and Identification of Research Needs"
on 30th of September 2009, Luxembourg

                    SMILE overview
• Project title: Synergies in Multi-scale Inter-Linkages of
  Eco-social systems
• Duration: 42 months (1.1.2008 –30.6.2011)
• FP7 Activity: SSH-2007-2.1-02: The extent to which
  trade-offs and synergies exist between the different
  aspects of sustainable development
• Keywords: sustainability, inter-linkages, synergies,
  trade-offs, indicators, multi-scale, policy process

• Webpage:
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                      Consortiums of
                    SMILE and DECOIN
   Paticipant             FP6 DECOIN                 FP7 SMILE
           1        TSE/Finland             TSE/Finland
           2        (UNISI/Italy)           UNIPARTHENOPE/Italy
           3        NTUA/Greece             UAB/Spain
           4        (INRAN/Italy)           VU/Netherlands
           5        STATFIN/Finland         MLURI/UK
           6        VU/Netherlands          IEF/Romania
           7        UNIPARTHENOPE/Italy STATFIN/Finland

           8        UAB/Spain

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                        SMILE contents
•   The objective of the SMILE project is to apply and further develop the tools
    developed in FP6 project DECOIN to analyse the trade-offs and synergies between
    different aspects of sustainable development.
•   The project analyses the trade-offs and synergies that exist between the different
    objectives related to sustainable development by utilising the different indicators
    developed within the European Sustainable Development Indicator (SDI) Working
    Group as well as new types of indicators provided by the tools developed by the
    consortium partners in previous projects.
•   The assessment takes place (i) between economic and environmental aspects, (ii)
    between economic and social aspect, (iii) between social and environmental
    aspects, and (iv) between all three aspects.
•   In addition, interfacing the scientific results with societal/policy processes
    (stakeholder participation, sustainable consumption and production patterns) will be
    assessed and policy recommendations will be formulated.

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             SMILE Work Packages
•   WP 1:        Management
•   WP 2:        Toolkit
•   WP 3:        Case studies
•   WP 4:        Synergies and trade-off analysis and
                 scenario building
• WP 5:          Interfacing the scientific results with
                 policy processes
• WP 6:          Dissemination

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            DECOIN toolkit (WP2)
• Objective
  The objective of WP2 is to improve the tools applied in
  the DECOIN project into a toolkit applicable in further
  analysis of synergies and trade-offs between different
  trends relating to different dimensions (economic,
  social, environmental and others) of sustainable
• Toolkit (D6) has been delivered (month 18) and is
  available at the project website

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                Case studies (WP3)
•   Objective:
    Different case studies will be analysed using the toolkit provided in
    WP2. The analysis is based mainly on studies that have been
    already carried out by different partners of the project, although
    integration by means of new data is not excluded. Two additional
    case studies will be carried out. WP3 has the goal of processing
    the data collected in existing studies in order to generate datasets
    fitting in the format required by the different components of the
    toolkit. The areas covered by the case studies are mentioned
    below in the case study descriptions. In the additional case
    studies, the appropriate case study data to support subsequent
    analyses will be collected.

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   SMILE Case Studies (WP3)
The following case studies have been delivered at the end of month 18 and related
deliverables are available at the project website
1.Catalonia – analysis at the regional level of a developed economy (D8)
2.Romania – analysis at the national level of a transition economy (D9)
3.Laos – analysis at the farming system level and national level of a developing
economy (D10)
4.Finland – analysis at the sectoral level (forest industry) of a developed economy
5.Italy – analysis of local (province), regional (Campania region) and national scale
agricultural and agro-industrial sectors (D12)
The following case studies will be delivered by the end of month 24:
6.UK/Scotland – analysis of trade-offs between the objectives of a regional sustainable
development strategic plan (the Cairngorm National Park Plan) focusing on land use,
nature conservation and social justice (D16)
7.EU27 – analysis at the national/European level of developed economies; clustering
analysis of the sustainability of development in different EU27 countries (D17)

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               Synergies, trade-offs and
               scenario building (WP4)
•     Objective:
      Analysis of possible synergies and trade-offs that exist between the different
      objectives of sustainable development. In addition, scenarios of future
      development paths relating to the synergies and trade-offs will be constructed.
•     Issue- and case-specific tasks dealing with
      - energy and environmental performance with special focus on options for
        energy conservation and increased renewable energy use (Task 4.1),
      - socio-demographic changes (incl. social cohesion, inequalities, poverty
        reduction) in the context of economic aspects (Task 4.2),
      - economic growth (flexibility, levels and type of growth, employment,
        poverty reduction) and environmental aspects including land use (Task 4.3).

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            Synergies, trade-offs and
            scenario building (WP4)
Expected deliverables:
•Energy and LCA evaluation of the present dynamics of investigated case studies (agricultural,
industrial, local economies at province, region, and country level) (D14, month 21)
•Environmental evaluation of present dynamics of investigated case studies, through Material Flow
Accounting, Ecological Footprint, and Emergy synthesis (D15, month 21)
•SUMMA-based evaluation of strategies for increased energy efficiency, increased share of
renewables (mainly solar and biomass), increased integration of production activities for indirect
energy advantage and decreased waste (D18, month 24)
•Toolkit-based evaluation of global constraints and scenarios of proposed strategies (D21, month
•Report on trade-offs in relation to demographic changes (D24, month 34)
•Report on trade-offs in relation to different levels and types of economic growth
(D25, month 34)
•Report on trade-offs in relation to the goal of poverty reduction and environmental protection in
developing countries (D26, month 34)
•Report on the role growth on economic, social, and environmental objectives (D28, month 36)
•Report on trade-offs and synergies at different levels of spatial and institutional organization (D29,
month 36)
•Report on effectiveness of policies and actions in relation to synergies and trade-offs
(D30, month 36)

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           Interfacing scientific results
           with policy processes (WP5)
• Objective: To use the results of WP2, WP3 and WP4 and information
  acquired from the various stakeholders (governmental agencies,
  industrial organizations, citizens’ participation groups etc.) in order to
  form the basis for policy recommendations on improvement of
  sustainability conditions at various geographical scales.
• Expected deliverables:
  - Stakeholder-specific PENTAGON models (D19, month 26)
  - Stakeholder-utility report for the sustainability assessment tools from
    the UK case study (D23, month 33)
  - Policy recommendations on improvement of sustainability conditions
    at various geographical scales (D27, month 35)

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           SMILE distribution of work
                     WP1         WP2         WP3         WP4        WP5        WP6        TOTAL
                                                                                         per Bene-
1. TSE                     6            3           4         8,5         4          7        32,5
2. UNIPARTHENOPE           1            3           4          13         5          3          29
3. UAB                     1            3           4          13         5          3          29
4. VU                      1            1                       8         9          3          22
5. MLURI                   1            1           3          11         4          3          23
6. IEF                     1            1           4           8         3          3          20
7. STATFIN                                        3,5                                1         4,5
TOTAL                      11          12        22,5        61,5         30     23            160


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SMILE Dissemination Event

           International Conference on
            Sustainable Development
                On 9-10 June 2011
               In Tampere, Finland


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                 Further Information




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