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Age of Exploration and Nation Bu


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									 Age of Exploration and Nation Building Discussion Questions and ID’s

To ‘buy into’ the curve you must complete the following activities; answer the discussion
questions, identify the list of key terms and events, and use the S.O.A.P.S. method to analyze the
primary sources in each chapter. Remember a good Identification always includes three items: a
good description, place in time, and the items significance. The SOAPS method is: Subject,
Occasion, Audience, Purpose, Speaker, and most importantly a discussion of the point of view of
the source. These will be checked for completion only, and are to be completed at your


      1. Discuss the correlation between overseas expansion and economic, social, and political
          development in Europe? How did one affect the other?
      2. Explain the motives that fueled Europe’s early modern overseas exploration and
          expansion. Include a list of the new technologies that made it possible.
      3. Explain the economic philosophies that dominated Europe at this time and how these
          philosophies impacted the world economy that Europe Established.
      4. Given its relatively small population and lack of obvious resources, why was the Dutch
          Republic so successful in establishing a profitable overseas empire?
      5. What role did religion play as a motivation in the age of discovery? Was it as
          important a motive as economics? Explain with examples.
      6. What was Henry IV really saying when he said the "Paris is well worth a mass?"
      7. No one in modern history held as much power for as long as Louis XIV. how did he
          rule France? how did he increase his power through (a) military and administrative
          reforms, (b) economic and financial policies, and (c) religious policy? What role did
          France play in foreign affairs during his reign?
      8. Why did Parliament come into conflict with Charles I? How did the special nature of
          Parliament make its resistance effective?
      9. Briefly outline the English Civil War.
      10. Compare the reigns of Frederick William of Brandenburg-Prussia and Peter the Great
          of Russia. How are their policies similar? How are they different?
      11. Explain the causes of the Thirty Years War and briefly discuss each of the four phases.
          Also include an explanation of how this can be considered a religious conflict, and
          why this can also be considered a political conflict.
      12. How did the rise of absolutism affect the life of the average person? Include a
          discussion of western Europe versus eastern Europe.


                                      Age of Exploration

 Marco Polo                         Hernan Cortés and Moctezuma       Tokugawa shoguns
 Prince Henry the Navigator         the Aztecs                        the New Netherlands
 the Gold Coast                     Francisco Pizarro                 Navigation Acts
 Bartholomeu Dias                   encomienda                        Samuel de Champlain
 Vasco da Gama                       slave trade                  the asiento
 Christopher Columbus                Dutch East India Company     inflation
 John Cabot                          Mughal Empire                joint stock trading companies
 Vasco Nunez de Balboa               British East India Company   House of Fugger
 Ferdinand Magellan                                               mercantilism
                                     the Columbian Exchange
 Treaty of Tordesillas                                            mestizos and mulattoes

                                 New Monarchies-Absolutism

 absolutism                          Versailles
 Bishop Jacques Boussuet             Jean-Baptiste Colbert        the Stuarts
 "divine right"                      Peace of Utrecht             English Civil War
 Cardinals Richelieu and Mazarin     the Hohenzollerns            Oliver Cromwell
 the Fronde                          the Romanovs                 Levellers
 Louis XIV                           Russian serfdom              Cavaliers
 Revocation of the Edict of Nantes   Peter the Great              Roundheads
 War of Spanish Succession           Great Northern War           the Restoration
 War of the League of Augsburg       house of Orange              Charles II
 Treaty of Utrecht                   James I                      Test Act
 Thirty Years War                    Charles I                    James II
 Four phases of the war              Declaration of Indulgence    Glorious Revolution
 Gustavus Adolphus                   Archbishop Laud              Thomas Hobbes
 Peace of Westphalia                 Ship Money                   John Locke
                                                                  Bill of Rights

Primary Sources: SOAPS analysis
The Portuguese Conquest of Malacca
Columbus Lands in the New World
The Spanish Conquistador: Cortes and the Conquest of Mexico
Las Casas and the Spanish Treatment of the American Natives
The Atlantic Slave Trade
Opposing Viewpoints: West Meets East: An Exchange of Royal Letters
An Imperial Edict To The King of England
The Mission
A Witchcraft Trial in France
The Face of War in the Seventeenth Century
Louis XIV: Kingly Advice
Travels With The King
Peter the Great Deals With a Rebellion
The Bill of Rights
William Shakespeare in Praise of England

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