Age of Exploration and Nation Building Discussion Questions and ID’s
To ‘buy into’ the curve you must complete the following activities; answer the discussion
questions, identify the list of key terms and events, and use the S.O.A.P.S. method to analyze the
primary sources in each chapter. Remember a good Identification always includes three items: a
good description, place in time, and the items significance. The SOAPS method is: Subject,
Occasion, Audience, Purpose, Speaker, and most importantly a discussion of the point of view of
the source. These will be checked for completion only, and are to be completed at your
1. Discuss the correlation between overseas expansion and economic, social, and political
development in Europe? How did one affect the other?
2. Explain the motives that fueled Europe’s early modern overseas exploration and
expansion. Include a list of the new technologies that made it possible.
3. Explain the economic philosophies that dominated Europe at this time and how these
philosophies impacted the world economy that Europe Established.
4. Given its relatively small population and lack of obvious resources, why was the Dutch
Republic so successful in establishing a profitable overseas empire?
5. What role did religion play as a motivation in the age of discovery? Was it as
important a motive as economics? Explain with examples.
6. What was Henry IV really saying when he said the "Paris is well worth a mass?"
7. No one in modern history held as much power for as long as Louis XIV. how did he
rule France? how did he increase his power through (a) military and administrative
reforms, (b) economic and financial policies, and (c) religious policy? What role did
France play in foreign affairs during his reign?
8. Why did Parliament come into conflict with Charles I? How did the special nature of
Parliament make its resistance effective?
9. Briefly outline the English Civil War.
10. Compare the reigns of Frederick William of Brandenburg-Prussia and Peter the Great
of Russia. How are their policies similar? How are they different?
11. Explain the causes of the Thirty Years War and briefly discuss each of the four phases.
Also include an explanation of how this can be considered a religious conflict, and
why this can also be considered a political conflict.
12. How did the rise of absolutism affect the life of the average person? Include a
discussion of western Europe versus eastern Europe.
Age of Exploration
Marco Polo Hernan Cortés and Moctezuma Tokugawa shoguns
Prince Henry the Navigator the Aztecs the New Netherlands
the Gold Coast Francisco Pizarro Navigation Acts
Bartholomeu Dias encomienda Samuel de Champlain
Vasco da Gama slave trade the asiento
Christopher Columbus Dutch East India Company inflation
John Cabot Mughal Empire joint stock trading companies
Vasco Nunez de Balboa British East India Company House of Fugger
Ferdinand Magellan mercantilism
the Columbian Exchange
Treaty of Tordesillas mestizos and mulattoes
Bishop Jacques Boussuet Jean-Baptiste Colbert the Stuarts
"divine right" Peace of Utrecht English Civil War
Cardinals Richelieu and Mazarin the Hohenzollerns Oliver Cromwell
the Fronde the Romanovs Levellers
Louis XIV Russian serfdom Cavaliers
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes Peter the Great Roundheads
War of Spanish Succession Great Northern War the Restoration
War of the League of Augsburg house of Orange Charles II
Treaty of Utrecht James I Test Act
Thirty Years War Charles I James II
Four phases of the war Declaration of Indulgence Glorious Revolution
Gustavus Adolphus Archbishop Laud Thomas Hobbes
Peace of Westphalia Ship Money John Locke
Bill of Rights
Primary Sources: SOAPS analysis
The Portuguese Conquest of Malacca
Columbus Lands in the New World
The Spanish Conquistador: Cortes and the Conquest of Mexico
Las Casas and the Spanish Treatment of the American Natives
The Atlantic Slave Trade
Opposing Viewpoints: West Meets East: An Exchange of Royal Letters
An Imperial Edict To The King of England
A Witchcraft Trial in France
The Face of War in the Seventeenth Century
Louis XIV: Kingly Advice
Travels With The King
Peter the Great Deals With a Rebellion
The Bill of Rights
William Shakespeare in Praise of England