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					                  PISCES: Unlocking the
                 Potential of Bioenergy to
               Improve Energy Access and
                       Livelihoods




                      Benard Muok, PhD
    New
 Knowledge       Policy Innovation Systems for
  for
 Sustainable         Clean Energy Security
Bioenergy
               • 2.5 billion of the worlds poorest
                 people rely on Bioenergy every day
               • Contribute up to 80% of energy
                 requirement of some rural
                 communities




    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
               • The right technologies can turn
                 reliance into control over a clean
                 energy future




    New
 Knowledge
  for
                • Upesi improved stove reduces fuelwood use by 25-
 Sustainable      30% in laboratory conditions (Kenya baseline survey)
Bioenergy
               • PISCES is developing the policy
                 approaches that can unlock the potential
                 of Bioenergy to improve energy access
                 and livelihoods




    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
                      Profile of PISCES

               • 5-year Energy Research Programme
                 funded by DFID
               • Lead - African Centre for Technology
                 Studies, Nairobi
               • Main Partners - University of Dar es
                 Salaam, Practical Action, University
                 of Edinburgh, MSSRF
               • Countries - India, Kenya, Sri
    New
 Knowledge       Lanka, Tanzania
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
                    Principles of PISCES

               • Livelihoods are contingent on
                 Food, Water and Energy Security
               • Bioenergy is the pivotal issue
                 intersecting these issues
               • It is vital to look at Bioenergy
                 holistically
               • This needs better data and an
    New
 Knowledge
                 improved framework for decisions
  for
 Sustainable
                 on Bioenergy
Bioenergy
                        PISCES Goals

               • Contribute to widely transferable
                 knowledge and understanding of
                 Bioenergy
               • Contribute to policy development in
                 the project countries
               • Maximise the contribution of
                 bioenergy to clean energy access
    New
 Knowledge       and livelihoods
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
                          Gaps in Knowledge and Practice


                                                                                                Climate and
                                         Accessibility Gaps                                  Environment Gaps

                                                                                Local Environment
                                  Needs & Uses                                        Sensitivities

                                                                      Value Chains                                           Climatic
                                                                                                                             Interrelationship

                                       Delivery Models                                      Health Impacts

                                         CAPACITY                                RESEARCH-INTO-USE
                                                                                                                                                             Energy Access
                                                                                                                                                        & Improved Livelihoods
                                                      SOUTH-SOUTH-NORTH                                        EQUITY
                                                          EXCHANGE                                                                                         through Bioenergy
                                                                                                  Resources
                                          Sri Lanka                                                            Stakeholder
                                                               Appliances                                      Engagement
                          India
                                                                                                                                             Sustainability
                                                                                             Crops                                           Frameworks
                                      Kenya
               Tanzania                                  Processing                                   Reliable Data


                  Applicability &                              Technology Gaps                                        Policy Gaps
                Transferabilty Gaps




    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
                      4 Research Themes

               •   Technology
               •   Access and Delivery
               •   Environment and Climate
               •   Cross cutting
                   – Research into Use
                   – South-South-North
                   – Capacity building
    New            – Equity and Gender
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
                            Activities
               • The activities are implemented
                 around 4 research themes:
               • RT 1: Technology
               - Development of Small-Scale
                 Processing Technologies
               - Bioenergy Appliances
               - Identification and Characterization
                 of Biocrops
    New        - Technology Value Chain Analysis
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
What is to be
achieved????


JIG ‘09

Naivasha, Kenya
19-20 February 2009
                      Improved liquid fuel (SVO) for small
                      engines, lighting and for stoves in rural areas




          New
  Knowledge
     for
  Sustainable
Bioenergy
               PRELIMINARY RESULTS


    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
                                     12
Bioenergy
                 Bio prospecting: Assessment of seed
               parameters contributing to seed oil content

                                           Cake      Percentage
                                        percentage   oil content
Species name   Shelling %   Kernel %
    MMO          26.17        73.83       58.04        36.90

    MBO          26.66        73.35       50.82        43.80

    MAN          36.12        63.88       62.42        31.92

    MJA          38.02        61.98       36.90        57.37

     IEX         40.22        59.78       43.71        51.92

     IST         45.03        54.97       57.65        36.52

    MTE          45.35        54.65       40.13        57.17

    MMF          50.54        49.46       71.29        24.37
    New
 Knowledge
    MAZ          52.67        47.33       41.77        54.06
  for
 Sustainable
    MCR          52.68        47.32       48.39         47.11
Bioenergy                                 73.97        17.65
    IGO          54.76        45.24
               Applied House hold
                  technologies

    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
                                    14
Bioenergy
 Improved firewood stove but with no
          smoke handling

                                       Poorly constructed jiko bora failed
                                       and lead to return to traditional
                                       three stone stove-Peramiho
    New
 Knowledge                             suburb
  for
 Sustainable
                                                                       15
Bioenergy
    Sawdust gasifier stove – Kilombero and Mtwara




     New                                Filling sawdust - Mtwara
 Knowledge
   for Boiling   water -Kilombero
 Sustainable
    Increasing cost of firewood is slowly forcing search for alternative fuel
Bioenergy                                                                  16
          Broken down jiko bora –St. Vincent sister’s convent Mbinga




     New
  Promotion
 Knowledge of use of improved energy serving stoves is not accompanied with
   for
  extension services and training for maintenance skills.
 Sustainable
                                                                              17
Bioenergy
               Construction of biogas plant




    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
               Biogas burners




    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
               Institutional stoves




    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
               Ethanol clean cook stove




    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
  Decantation/Purification of
  Jatropher SVO -Mbinga St. Vincent   Diesel/SVO driven generator – Mbinga
  sister’s convert                    St. Vincent sister’s convert




    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
                                                                        22
Bioenergy
                             Cooking stove – Mbeya VTC




     New
       A charcoal cooking stove but with hot plates (No ash) and equipped with
 Knowledge
   for
        oven for baking
 Sustainable
                                                                                 23
Bioenergy
                     Technology workshops

               •   All stakeholders are invited e.g.
               •   Researchers
               •   Entrepreneurs
               •   Policy makers
               •   Producers, etc
               •   Innovators
    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
               • RT 2: Access and Delivery
               - Socio-economic research of
                 bioenergy status, gaps and
                 opportunities at village level
               - Research into Bioenergy Delivery
                 Models
               - Mapping Bioenergy Market Chains
               - Policy Development Process

    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
               PRELIMINARY RESULTS


    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
                                     26
Bioenergy
               • Socio-economic baseline surveys
                 completed in Kenya and Sri Lanka




    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable    • Somali Woman and child next to firewood in Mandera
Bioenergy         (Taken during Kenya baseline survey)
    New
 Knowledge
  for
               • Focus Group Discussion in Nakuru
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
                 (Kenya baseline survey)
               • Delivery Models Scoping Study
                 completed
               • Draft Delivery Models
                 Communication tool available
               • Market Mapping Training has been
                 conducted in Kenya and Sri Lanka



    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
                Contributing to the National
                 and International policy
                        processes
               PISCES Policy Working Groups
                (PWGs) established in Kenya and
                Sri Lanka
               Produced policy briefs
               MOU signed with Kenya’s Ministry
                of Energy
               Project now spearheading the
    New         biofuel policy development in
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
                Kenya
Bioenergy      TZ - National biofuel Guidelines
               • PISCES Policy Working Groups (PWGs)
                 established in Kenya and Sri Lanka




    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable   • Policymakers and Stakeholders with woodfuel
Bioenergy        producers and processors near Kandy
               • RT3: Climate and Environment
               - Climate and Environment Impacts
                 Research
               - Life Cycle Assessment Balance
                 Research (including emissions)
               a.Improved Resource Database on
                 Climate impacts and it’s effect on
                 bioenergy and vice versa
               b.Case studies on bioenergy and it’s
                 impact on climate and environment
    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
               MSSRF successfully hosted a
                National Policy Dialogue on
                Adaptation to Climate Change
               A National consultation held to draft
                Climate Risk Management Act
               Baseline    survey     has     been
                conducted to map the climate and
                edaphic factors in different eco-
    New
                zones
 Knowledge
  for
               One student taking a PhD course
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
                at UoE.
               • RT4: Cross cutting theme
               - XCA – Research –Into-Use
               - XCB – South–South–North
                 Exchange
               - XCC – Capacity Building
               - XCD – Equity




    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
                               XC

               • Training on Value Chains &
                 Technology Development
                 conducted in Kenya and Kampala
               • Biofuels course conducted in
                 Kenya
               • 12 International case studies
                 successfully conducted in
    New          collaboration with FAO covering 12
 Knowledge
  for            countries in Latin America, S.E.
 Sustainable
Bioenergy        Asia and Africa.
               Objective of the International
                       case studies
               • The case studies were undertaken
                 to assess the impacts that different
                 types of local-level bioenergy
                 initiatives can have on rural
                 livelihoods.



    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
    New        • Countries covered in the
 Knowledge
  for            International case studies)
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
    New
 Knowledge
  for          • Village based biodiesel project in
 Sustainable
Bioenergy        Chennai India
    New        • Clean cook stove in Ethiopia (This
 Knowledge
  for
                 is being introduced for trial in
 Sustainable
Bioenergy        Kenya)
                 Communication Strategy

               • One members from each of the
                 partner country




    New
 Knowledge
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
                      Outreach tools
               • Working Briefs/ Policy Briefs
               • Website/Teleconference
               • Books
               • Refereed journals
               • Workshops/technology
                 conferences
               • Media briefs
    New        • Engage relevant parliamentary
 Knowledge
  for            committees e.g. Kenya
 Sustainable
Bioenergy
                  Key regular communications
                  tasks
Action                     Who to arrange            Feedback
Inform and seek            Lead publication author   Return of questionnaires
feedback from                                        filled in by researcher
participants in the
research
Draft press release        Comms leader
Put press release &        ACTS                      Google analytics -
publication on website                               number of hits on the
                                                     new page per week
                                                     months / download etc

Circulate internal email   Comms leader              Number of emails
to all project partners                              Impact log
     New
 Knowledge
   for
Send package via mail      Country /international    Number of emails
 Sustainable
                           comms person              Impact logs
Bioenergy
                           responsible
                                 Impact log
               Who sent query Query                         Response/
               and to who?                                  Satisfactio
               Organization/in                              n
               dividuals
               Frederick Ngure   What I would like to       Thank you
               [fngure@yahoo.    know is, if I wanted to    for your
               com]              produce biodiesel,         mail. I am
               To Benard Muok    where would one start      out of the
                                 if there are no policies   office until
                                 in this field. Does the    June 2nd . If
                                 government have            your query
                                 land set aside for bio-    is urgent
                                 diesel production.         please
    New                                                     contact my
 Knowledge
  for                                                       colleague
 Sustainable                                                xyz@acts.o
Bioenergy                                                   r.ke
Action                     Who to arrange              Feedback
Send press release via     Country /international      Number of emails
email                      comms person responsible    Impact logs



Send press release / upload Country /international     Number of emails
news to websites, orgs      comms person responsible   Impact logs
newsletters

Contact journalist for     Country /international      Number of mentions in
newspaper, radio, TV       comms person responsible    newspaper
                                                       Impact log entries
                                                       Scan of press publications
                                                       mentioning item
      New
 Knowledge
   for                                                 Any other kind of response
 Sustainable                                           shall be submitted on the
Bioenergy                                              impact log
               Thank you for your attention!




    New                b.muok@acts.or.ke
 Knowledge              www.pisces.or.ke
  for
 Sustainable
Bioenergy

				
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posted:8/6/2010
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