ANNEX 1 CCA DATABASE_ KENYA

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ANNEX 1 CCA DATABASE_ KENYA Powered By Docstoc
					CCA DATABASE, KENYA
1.1      Loita Forest

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English)                        Loita Forest
Country (include State and Province)                                Kenya, Narok District, Rift Valley Province
Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement).          33,000 hectares
GIS Coordinates (if available)                                      Not available
Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no)                           No
Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no)                          Yes (small streams and rivers)
Marine (Y or N)                                                     No
Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons)            Loita and Purko Maasai
Is the community considering itself an indigenous people?           Yes – Maasai, although this is a somewhat
(Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people)                   misleading term
Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note        No
Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity)
Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No;       No. The community is a mixture of transhumant
if the community is mobile, does it have a customary                and agro-pastoral. It undertakes transhumant
transhumance territory?)                                            grazing within a defined group ranch area
Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the    It is a Maasai agro-pastoralist community and as
same or superior to national value? (please note how confident      such has lower per capita indicators than many
you are about the information)                                      others
Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental           No
agencies?
Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use?                   Highly conflicted and weak local tenure rights
What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural,   Livelihood & spiritual
spiritual…)
To which IUCN management category do you consider it would          VI
best fit

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type                                                 Highland forest
Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species,       High-quality evergreen forest; wildlife including
functions) conserved by the CCA                                     elephant and buffalo and other forest birds and
                                                                    mammals; important watershed values including
                                                                    catchment for Lake Natron and Maasai Mara
Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken             Maasai- Maa
Broad historical context of the CCA                                 Traditionally managed forest under local rules
                                                                    for the past several centuries since immigration
                                                                    of Maasai to southern Kenya (est. 19th century)
Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management              Local councils of elders
decisions, how?)
Length of time the governance model has been in place               Several hundred years
Land and resource ownership in the CCA                              Trust land- owned by Narok County Council
Type of land use in the CCA                                         Seasonal grazing, traditional ceremonies, non-
                                                                    timber forest product harvesting
Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules    No formal management plan but numerous local
for the use of natural resources in the CCA                         traditional rules (e.g. restrictions on cutting live
                                                                    trees, rules on seasonal grazing access)
Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and           Not available
relevant,)
Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available)        Not available
Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system      Lack of local tenure security over forests; efforts
                                                                    by county council to appropriate forest and use
                                                                    for tourism development at district level.
Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices
Contact details for individuals and organisations                   Ed Barrow, IUCN-EARO
                                                                    Michael Gachanja, Kenya Forests Working
                                                                    Group (mgachanja@kenyaforests.org)
References relevant to specific CCA                                 Karanga, F., Tessema, Y. and Barrow, E. 2002.
                                                                    Equity in the Loita/Purko Naimina Enkiyio Forest
                                                                    in Kenya: Securing Maasai Rights to and
                                                                    Responsibilities for the Forest. Forest and
                                                                    Social Perspectives in Conservation No. 11.
                                                                    IUCN-EARO, Nairobi, Kenya.




                                                                                                                1
1.2      Loima Forest

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English)                        Loima Forest
Country (include State and Province)                                Kenya (Turkana District)
Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement).          10,000 ha
GIS Coordinates (if available)                                      Not available
Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no)                           No
Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no)                          No
Marine (Y or N)                                                     No
Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons)            Turkana
Is the community considering itself an indigenous people?           Yes
(Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people)
Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note        Yes
Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity)
Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No;       No. The community is transhumant pastoralist.
if the community is mobile, does it have a customary                It undertakes transhumant grazing across a
transhumance territory? )                                           wide area
Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the    Yes
same or superior to national value? (please note how confident
you are about the information)
Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental           No
agencies?
Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use?                   Only district level land tenure- no local rights
What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural,   Livelihood- dry season grazing reserve
spiritual…)
To which IUCN management category do you consider it would          VI
best fit

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type                                                 Highland deciduous/evergreen forest
Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species,       Montane forest; localized forest birds
functions) conserved by the CCA
Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken             Turkana
Broad historical context of the CCA                                 Traditional resource use rules
Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management              Traditional institutions
decisions, how?)
Length of time the governance model has been in place               Unknown
Land and resource ownership in the CCA                              Trust Land- under district authority
Type of land use in the CCA                                         Forest
Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules    Oral rules
for the use of natural resources in the CCA
Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and           Not available
relevant,)
Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available)        Not available
Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system      Lack of local statutory authority
Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices
Contact details for individuals and organisations                   Ed Barrow, IUCN-EARO
References relevant to specific CCA                                 Barrow, E., Clarke, J., Grundy, I., Jones, K.R.,
                                                                    and. Tessema Y. 2002. Analysis of Stakeholder
                                                                    Power and Responsibilities in Community
                                                                    Involvement in Forest Management in Eastern
                                                                    and Southern Africa. Forest and Social
                                                                    Perspectives in Conservation No. 9. IUCN-
                                                                    EARO, Nairobi, Kenya.




                                                                                                                2
1.3      Il N’gwesi Conservancy

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English)                        Il Ngwesi Conservancy
Country (include State and Province)                                Kenya (Laikipia District)
Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement).          9,471 ha
GIS Coordinates (if available)                                      Not available
Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no)                           No
Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no)                          No
Marine (Y or N)                                                     No
Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons)            Mukogodo Maasai (6000 people)
Is the community considering itself an indigenous people?           Unknown
(Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people)
Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note        No
Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity)
Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No;       No. The community is a mixture of transhumant
if the community is mobile, does it have a customary                and agro-pastoral. It undertakes transhumant
transhumance territory? )                                           grazing within a defined group ranch area
Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the    Inferior
same or superior to national value? (please note how confident
you are about the information)
Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental           No; recognized as a community conservancy
agencies? (Yes or no; if yes, how? If no, is it otherwise           governed by a legal trust. Established 1996
recognized?) If yes, legal document? Establishment date?
Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use?                   No
What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural,   Livelihood- wildlife conservation and tourism
spiritual…)                                                         development income
To which IUCN management category do you consider it would          II and V
best fit (this does not imply that the management objective is
consciously pursued by the concerned community, but that it is
actually achieved)

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type                                                 Semi-arid savannah
Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species,       Large mammals including endangered Grevy’s
functions) conserved by the CCA                                     zebra; elephant, lion, wild dog, cheetah, oryx,
                                                                    gerenuk etc. Reintroduced black rhino
Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken             Maasai- Maa
Broad historical context of the CCA                                 Created in order to develop community
                                                                    ecotourism project; key role played by private
                                                                    Lewa Wildlife Conservancy which borders to the
                                                                    south in creating Il Ngwesi
Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management              Group ranch committee, group ranch
decisions, how?)                                                    membership, Il Ngwesi Trust
Length of time the governance model has been in place               1996-; trust created in 2003
Land and resource ownership in the CCA                              Group ranch title to land
Type of land use in the CCA                                         Tourism & wildlife conservation; some livestock
Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules    Written management plan governing tourism
for the use of natural resources in the CCA                         and conservation activities and excluding other
                                                                    land uses
Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and
relevant,)
Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available)
Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system
Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices    Il Ngwesi has become Kenya’s leading
                                                                    community ecotourism project, focusing on the Il
                                                                    Ngwesi lodge; won UNDP Equator Initiative
                                                                    prize in 2002.
Contact details for individuals and organisations                   Matt Rice, Northern Rangelands Trust
                                                                    (matt.rice@nrt-kenya.org)
References relevant to specific CCA                                 Northern Rangelands Trust: http://www.nrt-
                                                                    kenya.org/ngewsi.html




                                                                                                             3
1.4      Shompole Community Trust

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English)                        Shompole Community Trust
Country (include State and Province)                                Kenya (Kajiado District)
Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement).          10,000 ha
GIS Coordinates (if available)
Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no)                           No
Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no)                          Yes
Marine (Y or N)                                                     No
Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons)            Shompole Group Ranch
Is the community considering itself an indigenous people?           Unknown
(Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people)
Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note        No
Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity)
Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No;       No. The community is a mixture of transhumant
if the community is mobile, does it have a customary                and agro-pastoral. It undertakes transhumant
transhumance territory? )                                           grazing within a defined group ranch area
Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the    Inferior
same or superior to national value? (please note how confident
you are about the information)
Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental           No
agencies?
Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use?                   No
What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural,   Livelihood- income generation from wildlife-
spiritual…)                                                         based ecotourism
To which IUCN management category do you consider it would          II
best fit

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type                                                 Semi-arid savannah
Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species,       Large mammals (e.g. elephants, lions, giraffe);
functions) conserved by the CCA                                     Ewaso Nyiro river which is main source of Lake
                                                                    Natron (sole breeding site of Rift Valley lesser
                                                                    flamingos)
Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken             Maasai- Maa
Broad historical context of the CCA                                 Established in collaboration with Kenyan
                                                                    conservation NGO, the African Conservation
                                                                    Centre, based partly on experience of Il Ngwesi
                                                                    eco-lodge in Laikipia. Trust established in 2000,
                                                                    eco-lodge on Shompole opened in 2001.
Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management              Trust has a board of directors comprising mostly
decisions, how?)                                                    locals and a few outside experts (e.g. director of
                                                                    ACC).
Length of time the governance model has been in place               Since 2000
Land and resource ownership in the CCA                              Trust owns the land; Shompole Group Ranch
                                                                    owns surrounding larger group ranch lands
Type of land use in the CCA                                         Wildlife conservation and non-consumptive
                                                                    tourism
Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules    Formal management plan and rules of use over
for the use of natural resources in the CCA                         trust land area (conservancy)
Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and           No map available. CCA located south of Magadi
relevant)                                                           near to Mount Shompole along Kenya-Tanzania
                                                                    boarder area
Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available)
Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system      Principle challenges relate to elite capture and
                                                                    developing participatory governance through the
                                                                    trust governance framework
Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices
Contact details for individuals and organisations                   Yusuf Ole Petenya, Shompole Community Trust
                                                                    (yuspet@yahoo.com), David Western, African
                                                                    Conservation Centre.
                                                                    (jonahwesetern@adelphia.net)
References relevant to specific CCA                                 Manzolillo Nightengale, D.L. and Western, D..
                                                                    2006. The Future of the Open Rangelands: An
                                                                    exchange of ideas between East Africa and the



                                                                                                              4
American Southwest. African Conservation
Centre and African Centre for Technology
Studies, Nairobi, Kenya.




                                      5
1.5      Namunyak Conservancy

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English)                        Namunyak Conservancy
Country (include State and Province)                                Kenya (Samburu District)
Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement).          74,101 ha (2,000 ha core conservancy area)
GIS Coordinates (if available)
Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no)                           No
Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no)                          No
Marine (Y or N)                                                     No
Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons)            Samburu (8000 people in group ranch
                                                                    membership)
Is the community considering itself an indigenous people?           Unknown
(Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people)
Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note        No
Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity)
Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No;       No. The community is a mixture of transhumant
if the community is mobile, does it have a customary                and agro-pastoral. It undertakes transhumant
transhumance territory? )                                           grazing within a defined group ranch area
Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the    Yes
same or superior to national value? (please note how confident
you are about the information)
Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental           No
agencies?
Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use?                   No
What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural,   Livelihood- community ecotourism income
spiritual…)                                                         development
To which IUCN management category do you consider it would          II (core area); VI (group ranch)
best fit?

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type                                                 Semi-arid rangeland
Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species,       Large mammals; part of larger ecosystems
functions) conserved by the CCA                                     including Samburu/Buffalo Springs Reserves
Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken             Samburu- Maa speaking
Broad historical context of the CCA                                 Trust created late 1990’s for development of
                                                                    community-based ecotourism; linked to Laikipia
                                                                    Wildlife Forum and private ranches in area
Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management              Trust board of directors
decisions, how?)
Length of time the governance model has been in place               Since 1995
Land and resource ownership in the CCA                              Wildlife conservation and non-consumptive
                                                                    tourism
Type of land use in the CCA                                         Core are for wildlife and tourism only; buffer
                                                                    zone including other activities
Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules    No; by-laws in process
for the use of natural resources in the CCA
Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and           No map available. Located between Isiolo and
relevant,)                                                          Wamba towns to the south west of the
                                                                    Matthews Range mountains
Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available)
Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system      Commercial poaching of wildlife; general
                                                                    insecurity has been a long-standing problem in
                                                                    the area
Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices    Namunyak is also one of central Kenya’s
                                                                    leading community-based ecotourism initiatives
                                                                    catalyzing the continuing establishment of these
                                                                    community conservancies in Samburu/Laikipia
                                                                    over the past decade
Contact details for individuals and organisations                   Matt Rice, Northern Rangelands Trust
                                                                    (matt.rice@nrt-kenya.org)
References relevant to specific CCA                                 Northern Rangelands Trust: http://www.nrt-
                                                                    kenya.org/ngewsi.html




                                                                                                               6
1.6      Lekurruki Conservancy

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English)                        Lekurruki Conservancy
Country (include State and Province)                                Kenya (Laikipia District)
Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement).          800 ha (11,953 ha group ranch)
GIS Coordinates (if available)
Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no)                           No
Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no)                          No
Marine (Y or N)                                                     No
Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons)            Mukogodo Maasai (3,700 people)
Is the community considering itself an indigenous people?           Unknown
(Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people)
Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note        Yes
Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity)
Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No;       No. The community is a mixture of transhumant
if the community is mobile, does it have a customary                and agro-pastoral. It undertakes transhumant
transhumance territory? )                                           grazing within a defined group ranch area
Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the    Inferior
same or superior to national value? (please note how confident
you are about the information)
Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental           No
agencies? (Yes or no; if yes, how? If no, is it otherwise
recognized?) If yes, legal document? Establishment date?
Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use?                   No
What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural,   Livelihood- income generation through
spiritual…)                                                         community-based ecotourism centered on
                                                                    Tassia Lodge
To which IUCN management category do you consider it would          II (core area); VI (group ranch)
best fit (this does not imply that the management objective is
consciously pursued by the concerned community, but that it is
actually achieved)

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type                                                 Semi-arid savannah and Montane forest
Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species,       Lowlands include large mammals (elephants,
functions) conserved by the CCA                                     lion, Grevy’s zebra, etc) and migration routes
                                                                    from Laikipia to Samburu/Buffalo Springs Game
                                                                    Reserves. Highland forest in Matthews Range
                                                                    includes Juniperus-Olea-Podocarpus montane
                                                                    forest with associated biota.
Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken             Maasai- Maa
Broad historical context of the CCA                                 Created following establishment of Il Ngwesi
                                                                    conservancy directly to the south, in
                                                                    collaboration with adjacent privately owned
                                                                    Borana Ranch
Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management              Group ranch committee
decisions, how?)
Length of time the governance model has been in place
Land and resource ownership in the CCA                              Private; group ranch tenure
Type of land use in the CCA                                         Wildlife conservation and tourism; some
                                                                    livestock use
Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules    Rules governing tourism development, land use
for the use of natural resources in the CCA                         zoning
Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and           No map available. Located in Laikipia
relevant,)                                                          rangelands, between Nanyuki and Maralal
Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available)
Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system      External incursions of livestock, poaching,
                                                                    insecurity
Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices
Contact details for individuals and organisations                   Matt Rice, Northern Rangelands Trust
                                                                    (matt.rice@nrt-kenya.org)
References relevant to specific CCA                                 Northern Rangelands Trust: http://www.nrt-
                                                                    kenya.org/ngewsi.html




                                                                                                              7
1.7      Kalama Conservancy

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English)                        Kalama Conservancy
Country (include State and Province)                                Kenya (Samburu District)
Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement).          3,150 ha (core area); 46,129 (group ranch)
GIS Coordinates (if available)
Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no)                           No
Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no)                          No
Marine (Y or N)                                                     No
Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons)            Girgir Group Ranch (2,000 people)
Is the community considering itself an indigenous people?           Unknown
(Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people)
Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note        Yes
Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity)
Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No;       No. The community is a mixture of transhumant
if the community is mobile, does it have a customary                and agro-pastoral. It undertakes transhumant
transhumance territory? )                                           grazing within a defined group ranch area
Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the    Inferior
same or superior to national value? (please note how confident
you are about the information)
Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental           No
agencies? (Yes or no; if yes, how? If no, is it otherwise
recognized?) If yes, legal document? Establishment date?
Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use?                   No
What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural,   Livelihood- development of tourism/wildlife
spiritual…)                                                         income
To which IUCN management category do you consider it would          II (core area); VI (group ranch)
best fit (this does not imply that the management objective is
consciously pursued by the concerned community, but that it is
actually achieved)

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type                                                 Semi-arid savannah
Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species,       Large mammals and migratory habitat adjacent
functions) conserved by the CCA                                     to Samburu National Reserve
Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken             Samburu- Maa
Broad historical context of the CCA                                 Conservancy initiated in 2002 in order to
                                                                    promote conservation and ecotourism
                                                                    development
Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management              Group ranch committee
decisions, how?)
Length of time the governance model has been in place               Since 2002
Land and resource ownership in the CCA                              Group Ranch
Type of land use in the CCA                                         Wildlife/tourism in core area
Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules    No
for the use of natural resources in the CCA
Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and           No map available. Located in Laikipia
relevant,)                                                          rangelands, between Nanyuki and Maralal
Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available)
Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system
Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices
Contact details for individuals and organisations                   Matt Rice, Northern Rangelands Trust
                                                                    (matt.rice@nrt-kenya.org)
References relevant to specific CCA                                 Northern Rangelands Trust: http://www.nrt-
                                                                    kenya.org/ngewsi.html




                                                                                                             8
1.8      Melako Conservancy

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English)                        Melako Conservancy
Country (include State and Province)                                Kenya (Marsabit District)
Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement).          Not yet demarcated
GIS Coordinates (if available)
Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no)                           No
Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no)                          No
Marine (Y or N)                                                     No
Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons)            Laisamis community (6,000 people)
Is the community considering itself an indigenous people?           Unknown
(Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people)
Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note        Yes
Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity)
Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No;       No. The community is a mixture of transhumant
if the community is mobile, does it have a customary                and agro-pastoral. It undertakes transhumant
transhumance territory? )                                           grazing within a defined group ranch area
Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the    Yes
same or superior to national value? (please note how confident
you are about the information)
Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental           No
agencies? (Yes or no; if yes, how? If no, is it otherwise
recognized?) If yes, legal document? Establishment date?
Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use?                   Land still district trust land so limited local
                                                                    control at present
What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural,   Livelihood- development wildlife-based tourism
spiritual…)
To which IUCN management category do you consider it would          VI
best fit (this does not imply that the management objective is
consciously pursued by the concerned community, but that it is
actually achieved)

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type                                                 Semi-arid/Arid savannah
Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species,       Wildlife includes estimated 200 Grevy’s zebra
functions) conserved by the CCA                                     (~9% of total global population)
Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken             Rendille
Broad historical context of the CCA                                 Recently developed conservancy linked to
                                                                    Laikipia conservancies (Lewa, Northern
                                                                    Rangelands Trust, Sera Conservancy, etc), still
                                                                    in process of formation.
Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management
decisions, how?)
Length of time the governance model has been in place
Land and resource ownership in the CCA                              Trust land
Type of land use in the CCA                                         Livestock grazing; core area to be established
                                                                    for wildlife and tourism
Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules
for the use of natural resources in the CCA
Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and           Map not available. Located in dryland savanna
relevant,)                                                          area between Archers Post and Marsabit town.
Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available)
Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system      Livestock conflict with Grevy’s zebra; poaching;
                                                                    general insecurity; lack of secure community
                                                                    land tenure
Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices
Contact details for individuals and organisations                   Matt Rice, Northern Rangelands Trust
                                                                    (matt.rice@nrt-kenya.org)
References relevant to specific CCA                                 Northern Rangelands Trust: http://www.nrt-
                                                                    kenya.org/ngewsi.html




                                                                                                             9
1.9      Jibana-Pangani Kaya

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English)                        Jibana - Pangani Kaya
Country (include State and Province)                                Kenya (Coastal Province)
Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement).          250 ha
GIS Coordinates (if available)                                      Not known
Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no)                           No
Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no)                          No
Marine (Y or N)                                                     No
Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons)
Is the community considering itself an indigenous people?           No
(Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people)
Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note        No
Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity)
Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No;       Yes
if the community is mobile, does it have a customary
transhumance territory? )
Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the    No
same or superior to national value? (please note how confident
you are about the information)
Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental           Yes – registered as National Monument
agencies? (Yes or no; if yes, how? If no, is it otherwise
recognized?) If yes, legal document? Establishment date?
Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use?
What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural,   Spiritual/cultural- sacred grove
spiritual…)
To which IUCN management category do you consider it would          III
best fit (this does not imply that the management objective is
consciously pursued by the concerned community, but that it is
actually achieved)

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type                                            Coastal forest
Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems,           High-biodiversity coastal forest (350 species; 19.8%
species, functions) conserved by the CCA                       rare species)
Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken        Mijikenda
Broad historical context of the CCA                            Traditional sacred forest; gazetted as National
                                                               Monument to prevent clearance/encroachment
Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management         Under authority of National Museums of Kenya
decisions, how?)                                               following monument gazettement
Length of time the governance model has been in place          Since 1990’s
Land and resource ownership in the CCA                         Central government reserved land
Type of land use in the CCA                                    Forest
Existence of written or oral management plans and specific     No local plans
rules for the use of natural resources in the CCA
Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and      Location unknown to authors
relevant,)
Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available)
Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance        Clearance and encroachment resulting from lack of
system                                                         local statutory authority and control over forest
Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and
practices
Contact details for individuals and organisations              Anthony Githitho, National Museums of Kenya
                                                               (cfcukilifi@yahoo.com)
References relevant to specific CCA                            Githitho, A.N. n.d. The Sacred Mijikenda Kaya
                                                               Forests of Coastal Kenya and Biodiversity
                                                               Conservation. Available at:
                                                               http://www.sacredland.org/PDFs/Mijikenda_Kaya.pdf
                                                               Viewed 1 July 2007.




                                                                                                            10
1.10     Dzombo Kaya

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English)                        Dzombo Kaya
Country (include State and Province)                                Kenya (Coastal Province)
Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement).          295 ha
GIS Coordinates (if available)
Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no)                           No
Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no)                          No
Marine (Y or N)                                                     No
Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons)
Is the community considering itself an indigenous people?           No
(Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people)
Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note        No
Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity)
Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No;       Yes
if the community is mobile, does it have a customary
transhumance territory? )
Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the    Same
same or superior to national value? (please note how confident
you are about the information)
Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental           Yes
agencies? (Yes or no; if yes, how? If no, is it otherwise
recognized?) If yes, legal document? Establishment date?
Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use?
What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural,   Cultural/Spiritual traditional sacred forest
spiritual…)
To which IUCN management category do you consider it would          III
best fit (this does not imply that the management objective is
consciously pursued by the concerned community, but that it is
actually achieved)

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type                                            Coastal forest
Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems,           High-biodiversity coastal forest (350 species; 19.8%
species, functions) conserved by the CCA                       rare species)
Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken        Mijikenda
Broad historical context of the CCA                            Traditional sacred forest; gazetted as National
                                                               Monument to prevent clearance/encroachment
Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management         Under authority of National Museums of Kenya
decisions, how?)                                               following monument gazettement
Length of time the governance model has been in place          Since 1990’s
Land and resource ownership in the CCA                         Central government reserved land
Type of land use in the CCA                                    Forest
Existence of written or oral management plans and specific     No local plans
rules for the use of natural resources in the CCA
Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and      Exact location unknown to authors
relevant,)
Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available)
Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance        Clearance and encroachment resulting from lack of
system                                                         local statutory authority and control over forest
Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and
practices
Contact details for individuals and organisations              Anthony Githitho, National Museums of Kenya
                                                               (cfcukilifi@yahoo.com)
References relevant to specific CCA                            Githitho, A.N. n.d. The Sacred Mijikenda Kaya
                                                               Forests of Coastal Kenya and Biodiversity
                                                               Conservation. Available at:
                                                               http://www.sacredland.org/PDFs/Mijikenda_Kaya.pdf
                                                               Viewed 1 July 2007.




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