Document Sample
					                                                          SOUTHERN AFRICA ANGOLA

                          PREVENTIVE ACTION

                          TOTAL EXPENDITURE    Sfr 50,112,621

                                                                      Clashes between Angolan govern-                      In March, the UN Security Council
                                                                ment forces and UNITA* fighters continued             discussed a report produced by a panel
                                                                throughout 2000, with the government                  of experts on violations of the sanctions
                                                                launching major offensives in May and                 against UNITA ; the report named individ-
                                                                September in the provinces of Bié, Uige               uals and countries suspected of viola-
                                                                and Moxico, and announcing the capture                tions. In April, the Security Council adopt-
                                                                of several towns. UNITA expanded its                  ed resolution 1295, which took up many
                                                                guerrilla activities, and in August attacked          of the panel’s recommendations and
                                                                several places recently retaken by the                established a monitoring mechanism to
                                                                army (Chipipa, Huambo and Catala). It                 collect and further investigate information
                                                                also stepped up its ambushes on govern-               regarding suspected sanctions viola-
                                                                ment convoys, making economic activity                tions. Following a visit to Angola, the
                                                                still more difficult. Clashes also occurred           members of the monitoring mechanism
                                                                along the Namibian and Zambian bor-                   submitted a report to the Security Council
                                                                ders, with some fighting between the                  in November, stating that UNITA was con-
                                                                Angolan and Zambian armies.                           tinuing to bypass UN sanctions.
                                                                * UNITA : National Union for the Total Independence
                                                                  of Angola

                                     SOUTHERN AFRICA ANGOLA
      The various military operations con-      Seed distribution in Huambo                    Promotion of international
ducted in Angola had dire consequences          and Kuito                                      humanitarian law
in humanitarian terms. Not only did the
                                                      The delegation again set up an agri-           Within the framework of its tradition-
fighting itself result in casualties, includ-
                                                cultural assistance programme, distribut-      al activities, the ICRC pursued its efforts
ing civilians, but the poor security condi-
                                                ing hoes, seed and fertilizer. The pro-        to promote humanitarian law in both
tions – especially the presence of land-
                                                gramme started in June, the season for         civilian and military circles in Angola.
mines – continued to make access to
                                                planting nacas – irrigated fields border-      One concrete result of these efforts was
farmland difficult and thus to prevent the
                                                ing rivers – and required a major logistic     Angola’s ratification of the Ottawa treaty
population from regaining their self-
                                                effort. At the same time food was distrib-     in July.
sufficiency in terms of food supplies. In
                                                uted to enable some 67,000 displaced
addition, displaced people were unable                                                         Prosthetic/orthotic activities
                                                and resident families on the outskirts of
to return to their homes and the fighting
                                                Huambo and Kuito to survive the period              The ICRC continued to fit amputees
prompted further mass movements of the
                                                between harvests. The distribution pro-        with artificial limbs in the prosthetic/
civilian population.
                                                gramme continued in September, in              orthotic centres in Kuito, Bomba Alta
Continued assistance                            advance of the harvests in the lavras          (Huambo) and Neves Bendinha
for the Planalto                                (rain-fed fields).                             (Luanda). The ICRC production units
                                                                                               also continued to manufacture prosthet-
     The ICRC pursued and in some               Access to detainees                            ic/orthotic components. ICRC flights
cases increased its assistance for vulner-
                                                     Throughout the year, the delegation       bringing in amputees from other
able groups – both displaced and resi-
                                                continued to make representations to the       provinces for fitting at the three centres
dent – and continued to monitor the food
                                                authorities with a view to regaining           resumed in January.
situation closely. A study launched in
                                                access, in accordance with the ICRC’s
June 1999 on over 26,000 children in
                                                customary procedures, to persons
the Huambo region showed that in 2000
                                                detained in connection with the internal
almost 65 % enjoyed an acceptable level
                                                conflict. Following a visit by the President
of nutrition, as against 20 % at the start
                                                of the ICRC, in December the Angolan
of the study.
                                                armed forces’ General Staff agreed in
                                                principle to the delegation resuming its
                                                work with detainees.

                                                Working conditions
                                                still hazardous

                                                                                                                                              ICRC ANNUAL REPORT 2000
                                                     The precarious security situation
                                                continued to impede the work of interna-
                                                tional and humanitarian organizations in
                                                Angola, with some of them suffering
                                                casualties among their staff. The ICRC
                                                delegation regularly updated its security
                                                rules in response to the situation.
                                                Conditions on the ground also prevented
                                                humanitarian workers from reaching
                                                conflict victims in many areas.

                                                                 SOUTHERN AFRICA ANGOLA
                          IN 2000 THE ICRC:                            • planted 800,000 trees in the Huambo
                                                                       and Kuito regions, in cooperation with
                                                                                                                                  • between February and
                                                                                                                                  May, worked with NGOs to
                                        • took steps with a view to    the Angolan Ministry of Agriculture and a                  provide drinking water for
                                        obtaining access to            specialized local institute, as part of a                  thousands of displaced
                                        7 Angolan nationals            reforestation programme designed to                        persons in camps around
                                        captured by the Namibian       provide the resident population with                       Kuito ;
                                        armed forces during the        wood and fruit and to stop soil erosion ;   • built over 1,190 latrines in camps for
                          events in the Caprivi Strip in August                                                    displaced persons, working with the
                          1999 and handed them over to the                           • supplied Huambo             National Society in certain cases ;
                          Angolan authorities ;                                      hospital with surgical and    • rehabilitated 13 water sources in
                          • continued its representations to obtain                  medical material and          different neighbourhoods of Kuito ;
                          access to persons arrested in                              technical support for the     • carried out maintenance and
                          connection with the internal conflict in                   treatment of around           renovation work on the sanitary facilities
                          Angola ;                                     3,780 patients ;                            at Huambo hospital ;
                          • in September, visited 56 persons –         • held 2 seminars on operating              • taught over 3,000 displaced persons
                          including 12 former UNITA fighters –         procedures and war surgery techniques       about basic hygiene principles using a
                          who had surrendered to the government        for representatives of the Huambo           theatre company ;
                          in the province of Malanje ;                 provincial authorities and medical
                                                                       service, and for staff of Huambo                            • provided support and
                                        • working with the             hospital ;                                                  materials for the work
                                        National Society, collected    • in conjunction with the Angolan                           carried out by the Angolan
                                        and distributed over           Ministry of Health, provided material                       Red Cross to restore and
                                        15,300 Red Cross               and technical support for 4 primary                         maintain family links ;
                                        messages exchanged             health-care facilities in Huambo
                          between Angolan nationals and between        province, and for a health post in a                       • gave presentations on
                          refugees and their families abroad ;         camp for displaced persons in Cuando ;                     humanitarian law, the
                          • successfully processed 14 tracing          • supplied medicines to 2 Angolan Red                      Movement and the ICRC to
                          requests ;                                   Cross health posts in Uige province and                    over 1,500 members of
                          • reunited 6 people with their families,     2 others in Bié province ;                                 the Angolan armed forces
                          5 of them unaccompanied children ;                                                       and national police ;
                                                                                      • produced 2,369             • gave the first-ever course on human

                                          • distributed food and                      prostheses and distributed   rights and humanitarian law for 20
                                          basic necessities (soap,                    orthopaedic components       instructors from Angolan police
                                          blankets, jerrycans, etc.)                  to other organizations       colleges ;
                                          to tens of thousands of                     working in this field ;      • organized a 3-day seminar for 36
                                          displaced and resident       • organized transport to and from the       military instructors to promote the
                          persons in Huambo and Bié provinces,         prosthetic/orthotic centres in Huambo       teaching of humanitarian law in the
                          working with the National Society            and Neves Bendinha for about 10             Angolan army ;
                          wherever possible ;                          patients from Malanje province and          • produced a weekly radio programme
                          • supplied food and material assistance      another 10 from Zaire province ;            on various topics related to the ICRC’s
                          to 500 patients in Huambo hospital ;         • fitted approximately 100 new              mandate ;
                          • during a 6-month period, supplied          amputees every month ;
                          67,000 resident and displaced families       • repaired the prostheses of longer-term                    • provided photos and
                          living in villages and districts on the      amputees ;                                                  video material for a
                          outskirts of Huambo and Kuito with                                                                       UNICEF* exhibition on
                          agricultural assistance and food rations                                                                 anti-personnel mines held
                          for the dry season, and started a similar                                                                to mark the first anniversary
                          programme for the rainy season ;                                                                         of the Ottawa treaty.
                                                                                                                   * UNICEF : United Nations Children’s Fund