Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Achieving the Millennium

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					             Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
      Achieving the Millennium Development Goals:
                 A Framework for Action
Dr. Nadira Hayat, Deputy Minister of Public Health   Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan – 19-20 July, 2007
            Afghan Context

 Afghanistan endorsed the Millennium
  Declaration as well as the MDGs only in
  March 2004.
 More than two decades were “lost” to
  development.
 Afghanistan’s work on achieving the MDGs
  informs the international community of the
  current state of development in Afghanistan
  and the immense challenges the country
  faces in meeting these Goals.
 Afghanistan National Development Strategy
  (ANDS) will put in place programs and
  policies to meet the MDGs.
         Distinctive features of Afghanistan’s
         MDG Report


 Prepared after intensive consultations and the
  report is nationally-owned
 Recognizing the critical role of peace and
  security in achieving the other MDGs,
  Afghanistan has added a 9th goal of
  Enhancing Security
 Localization, or “Afghanisation”, of the global
  targets and indicators and adoption of “Vision
  2020”
       “Afghanized” Millennium Development
       Goals

1.   Eradicate Poverty & Hunger
2.   Achieve Universal Primary Education
3.   Promote Gender Equality
4.   Reduce Child Mortality
5.   Improve Maternal Health
6.   Combat HIV AIDS, Malaria & other diseases
7.   Ensure Environmental Sustainability
8.   Global Development Partnership

9. Enhancing Security
         Afghanistan Development Framework

2005-2020
15 Years
              Millennium Development Goals

2008-2013
5 Years
              National Development Strategy
2006-2010
5 Years
                  Afghanistan Compact

2006-2010
3 Years
              Medium Term Fiscal Framework
Annual
1 Year
                      1386 Budget
          Afghan MDGs: Framework for Action


 The Implementation of the Afghanistan Compact already
  based on the MDGs
 The implementation of the ANDS will be based on MDG
  goals and targets
 National Development Programs, as part of the ANDS,
  will be based on the MDGs
 JCMB Monitoring Mechanism will also monitor progress
  on implementation of the ANDS and the MDGs
 Regular annual progress report on implementation of the
  ANDS and the MDGs will be issued
                          REAL ECONOMIC GROWTH 2002/2006

                     35
Annual Growth Rate




                     30
                     25
                     20
                     15
                     10
                     5
                     0
                          2002/03   2003/04        2004/05   2005/06
                                         Fiscal Year
                                     Historical Growth of Domestic Revenues

                      $700
                      $600                                                          $573
In Millions of US $




                      $500
                      $400                                                $413
                      $300
                                                            $256
                      $200                     $203
                                $129
                      $100
                      $-
                           2002/03        2003/04      2004/05       2005/06     2006/07
          Key messages from Afghanistan’s MDG
          Report


 Agriculture and employment generation will have to
  form the core of economic growth to benefit the poor
  and reduce poverty and hunger

 Improved rural infrastructure is necessary for
  improving access to markets and services and to
  reduce poverty and malnutrition

 Investment in universal education, especially the
  education of girls, is a priority
           Key messages from Afghanistan’s MDG
           Report…

 Allocation of seats for women in the national parliament
  is a welcome first step, but it needs to be followed up by
  extending women’s representation at the provincial and
  district levels, and by taking steps to increase women’s
  access to justice

 International assistance has been essential, but the
  current mechanisms of aid provision are not optimal

 Contribution of opium to the national economy needs to
  be reduced but without increasing poverty in the short-
  term
           Regional Cooperation and
           Regionalization of the MDGs



 Important part of the ANDS
 Favorable potentials to increase the regional trade
  volumes, which would lead to job creation, poverty
  reduction and implementation of the MDGs
 Requires better cooperation in planning and
  implementation of important infrastructure projects
  especially in the area of water management
 Exchange of experience in implementation of the MDGs:
  exchange of regional technical assistance