Facts on child protection in Afghanistan

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					                                   2009 - CHILD PROTECTION

Facts on child protection in Afghanistan                           Justice baseline.
                                                                  In June 2008 UNICEF facilitated the agreement between
                                                            1      the Attorney General’s Office (AGO), Ministry of Interior
��Child Labour (working children aged 7-14):             24%
                                                           2       and MoLSAMD to formalize the role of social workers to
��Child Marriage (girls married under 18):             43%
                                                            3      improve the referrals and cooperation between Social
��Birth Registration (children below 5 registered): 6%
                                               4                   Workers, Police Officers and Prosecutors.
��Street children in Kabul:             37,000 .
��Children living in institutions: 8,000 .
                                            5                     "Social Inquiry Report" for social workers officially
��Children associated with armed groups & armed forces:             endorsed by AGO and MoLSAMD.
    demobilized from 2003 to 2005: 7,444                          Monitoring of juveniles in detention and legal aid services
                                                                   for children established in 10 provinces to reduce illegal
Child Protection achievements (2007- 2008)                         incarceration of children and the overall length of
                                                                   incarceration. In 2008, 1,200 children in detention
Social Protection
                                                                   received legal counselling and 30% of them were
 Support the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs, Martyred
                                                                   released into family care after the intervention.
   and Disabled (MoLSAMD) to expand Child Protection
   Action Networks (CPAN) to 26 provinces                        Children in armed conflict (CAC)
 From January to December 2008, 1,459 child protection  UNICEF supported the set-up of a Country Task Force
   cases (851 boys; 608 girls) of abuse were reported to 26          on Monitoring, Reporting and Response Mechanism
   provincial CPANs, including 50 cases of child marriage,           (CTFMRM) in July 2008, with UNAMA and UNICEF as
   670 cases of children in conflict with the law. Children          co-chairs. UNICEF coordinated the drafting of the first
   were subsequently referred to support services.                   annual report on CAC in Afghanistan.
 District CPANs were established in 6 provinces.
                                                                 Youth Development
 Social Work Coaching Project strengthened social work
   capacity to promote minimum standard of care and               Youth Information & Contact Centres (YICC)
   community-based measures for vulnerable children.                 established in 14 provinces to facilitate access to youth
                                                                     friendly services and information among vulnerable out-
 Together with 231 social workers and child protection
                                                                     of-school/out-of-work young people.
   actors, assessment tools were developed and utilized for
   juvenile facilities and orphanages to prevent ad-hoc           In 2008, 5,000 young males and 3,000 young females
   removal of children from family and placement in                  were referred to/served by YICCs for counselling on
                                                                     legal problems, early/forced marriage, unemployment,
   institutions.
                                                                     access to higher education.
 Support the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights
   Commission (AIHRC) Border Monitoring (3 provinces)             1,000 young boys and girls received training on
   and Child Rights Monitoring (12 provinces) since 2007.            psychosocial care, HIV/AIDS, child rights or drug abuse
                                                                     in 6 provinces.
 To inform further programming and targeted
   interventions, UNICEF supported studies on:                    Legal literacy training for youth was conducted in
   - Children in detention (2007)                                    collaboration with YICCs to prevent harmful practices
                                                                     including exchange of girls and forced/child marriage.
   - Discussion paper on child trafficking (2007)
   - Border-based child exploitation (2007)                      Mine Risk Education
   - Income generation needs and opportunities in border  71 Safe Play Areas set up in mine high-impacted
        areas (2008)                                                 communities in 22 provinces.
   - Special protection assessment of children and youth  13,588 children (including some parents) received MRE
        in border areas (2008)                                       in SPA.
   - Quantitative analysis on child labor (2008)                 Birth registration
   - Rapid assessment of Kabul orphanage reintegration  1,347 staff members of the Ministry of Interior in 18
        project (2008)                                               provinces and 240 health workers and 1,080
   - Child Protection assessment in Spin Boldak and                  community elders in Kabul were trained on BR. In 2008
        Kandahar city (2008)                                         a total of 55,025 children have received new BR
Legal reform                                                         certificates.
 UNICEF, IOM and UNODC assisted the Ministry of                 Child Protection Programme focus in 2008
     Justice to review the draft anti-trafficking bill. Measures
     specific to juveniles were included in the Law on           o Development of regulatory mechanism for child
                                                                     protection services
     Combating Terrorist Offences. Amendments of the
                                                                 o Development of Child Act
     Juvenile Justice Code and development of regulations
     for Juvenile Rehabilitation Centres are in progress.        o Support MoLSAMD in expanding CPANs to districts
                                                                 o Expand detention monitoring & legal aid for children
                                                                 o Promotion of Diversion & Prevention measures for
Juvenile Justice                                                     children in conflict with the law
 Children in detention study contributed to the Juvenile        o Continued support to YICC and development of Youth
                                                                     Volunteer Services programme
1                                                                o Strengthening the capacity of CTFMRM on child rights
  Source: MICS, 2003
2
  Source: MICS, 2003                                                 violations in the context of armed conflict
3
  Source: MICS, 2003                                             o Expand birth registration revitalization
4
    Source: TDH & Aschiana, 2002
5
    Source: MOLSAMD and UNICEF August 2003