2009 - CHILD PROTECTION
Facts on child protection in Afghanistan Justice baseline.
In June 2008 UNICEF facilitated the agreement between
1 the Attorney General’s Office (AGO), Ministry of Interior
��Child Labour (working children aged 7-14): 24%
2 and MoLSAMD to formalize the role of social workers to
��Child Marriage (girls married under 18): 43%
3 improve the referrals and cooperation between Social
��Birth Registration (children below 5 registered): 6%
4 Workers, Police Officers and Prosecutors.
��Street children in Kabul: 37,000 .
��Children living in institutions: 8,000 .
5 "Social Inquiry Report" for social workers officially
��Children associated with armed groups & armed forces: endorsed by AGO and MoLSAMD.
demobilized from 2003 to 2005: 7,444 Monitoring of juveniles in detention and legal aid services
for children established in 10 provinces to reduce illegal
Child Protection achievements (2007- 2008) incarceration of children and the overall length of
incarceration. In 2008, 1,200 children in detention
received legal counselling and 30% of them were
Support the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs, Martyred
released into family care after the intervention.
and Disabled (MoLSAMD) to expand Child Protection
Action Networks (CPAN) to 26 provinces Children in armed conflict (CAC)
From January to December 2008, 1,459 child protection UNICEF supported the set-up of a Country Task Force
cases (851 boys; 608 girls) of abuse were reported to 26 on Monitoring, Reporting and Response Mechanism
provincial CPANs, including 50 cases of child marriage, (CTFMRM) in July 2008, with UNAMA and UNICEF as
670 cases of children in conflict with the law. Children co-chairs. UNICEF coordinated the drafting of the first
were subsequently referred to support services. annual report on CAC in Afghanistan.
District CPANs were established in 6 provinces.
Social Work Coaching Project strengthened social work
capacity to promote minimum standard of care and Youth Information & Contact Centres (YICC)
community-based measures for vulnerable children. established in 14 provinces to facilitate access to youth
friendly services and information among vulnerable out-
Together with 231 social workers and child protection
of-school/out-of-work young people.
actors, assessment tools were developed and utilized for
juvenile facilities and orphanages to prevent ad-hoc In 2008, 5,000 young males and 3,000 young females
removal of children from family and placement in were referred to/served by YICCs for counselling on
legal problems, early/forced marriage, unemployment,
access to higher education.
Support the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights
Commission (AIHRC) Border Monitoring (3 provinces) 1,000 young boys and girls received training on
and Child Rights Monitoring (12 provinces) since 2007. psychosocial care, HIV/AIDS, child rights or drug abuse
in 6 provinces.
To inform further programming and targeted
interventions, UNICEF supported studies on: Legal literacy training for youth was conducted in
- Children in detention (2007) collaboration with YICCs to prevent harmful practices
including exchange of girls and forced/child marriage.
- Discussion paper on child trafficking (2007)
- Border-based child exploitation (2007) Mine Risk Education
- Income generation needs and opportunities in border 71 Safe Play Areas set up in mine high-impacted
areas (2008) communities in 22 provinces.
- Special protection assessment of children and youth 13,588 children (including some parents) received MRE
in border areas (2008) in SPA.
- Quantitative analysis on child labor (2008) Birth registration
- Rapid assessment of Kabul orphanage reintegration 1,347 staff members of the Ministry of Interior in 18
project (2008) provinces and 240 health workers and 1,080
- Child Protection assessment in Spin Boldak and community elders in Kabul were trained on BR. In 2008
Kandahar city (2008) a total of 55,025 children have received new BR
Legal reform certificates.
UNICEF, IOM and UNODC assisted the Ministry of Child Protection Programme focus in 2008
Justice to review the draft anti-trafficking bill. Measures
specific to juveniles were included in the Law on o Development of regulatory mechanism for child
Combating Terrorist Offences. Amendments of the
o Development of Child Act
Juvenile Justice Code and development of regulations
for Juvenile Rehabilitation Centres are in progress. o Support MoLSAMD in expanding CPANs to districts
o Expand detention monitoring & legal aid for children
o Promotion of Diversion & Prevention measures for
Juvenile Justice children in conflict with the law
Children in detention study contributed to the Juvenile o Continued support to YICC and development of Youth
Volunteer Services programme
1 o Strengthening the capacity of CTFMRM on child rights
Source: MICS, 2003
Source: MICS, 2003 violations in the context of armed conflict
Source: MICS, 2003 o Expand birth registration revitalization
Source: TDH & Aschiana, 2002
Source: MOLSAMD and UNICEF August 2003