Reducing Bottled Water Usage

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Reducing Bottled Water Usage Powered By Docstoc
					at the University of Colorado at Boulder

         Karmen Lee Franklin
        Mikaela Joy Madalinski
      Bottled Water: A Multi-billion dollar industry
      8.6 Billion gallons sold in 2008 in the US alone
       (Enough to fill Boulder Reservoir twice)
      Over 75% of PET bottles end up as trash




Association of Postconsumer Plastic Recyclers, 2007. Beverage Marketing Corporation, 2009. Cohen, Nancy Eve., Morning Edition. NPR. April, 2009.
      At CU, Students dispose of 100s of pre-packaged
      water bottles each day
      433,272 bottles were purchased in our Grab-n-Gos
      and convenience stores in the last year
             Amount spent on bottled water: $103,985.28
             Price for the same amount of tap water: $ 3,032.90
      Economic and Environmental Waste
      Conflicts with CU’s Sustainability Plan
Tabrizi, Moe., 2008, 2009. Knapp, Michael. C.P.M. Coordinator for Procurement, Housing & Dining Services. Personal Communication. (2009.)
                                                                                    Cabinet (2)               $318.00
                                                                                    Corian top (1)            $700.00
                                                                                    Water filler faucet (2)   $384.00
                                                                                    Bubbler head (1)          $100.00
                                                                                    Drain pan (1)             $132.00
                                                                                    Plumbing supplies (1)     $800.00
                                                                                    Filters (3)               $258.00
                                                                                    Filter system (1)         $609.35
                                                                                    Labor/ external (1)       $500.00
                                                                                    Signage (1)               $100.00

                                                                                    Total                     $3,901.35



•Two filtered stations were installed by
Dining Services at the beginning of this year.
•Three more to come.
•How can we encourage students to use
them?
Juergen Friese,. Coordinator for Facilities, Housing and Dining Services. Personal Communication. (2009) .
Promote the         Build awareness
use of              Make prepackaged bottle use
                    less attractive
reusable
                    Create incentives for using
bottles at          reusable bottles
filtered            Educational and outreach
                    Create social norms
water
stations
          It’s already happening on other campuses…
Who banned the bottle?
A voluntary
program :

•Education and
Outreach

But not everyone
was happy with
this simple
arrangement…

    Cross, Robert., 2008.
•Hoped       to Ban the
Bottle
•Began with
Student Union
•Had 60 campus
organizations sign
a “Sustainability
Pledge”




    McFadden, Kady. Personal Communication, 2009.
Tap It!

•Educational outreach programs and taste tests
•Ultimately stopped bottled water use at WUSTL

•Inspired other universities to take action




  Rather than asking the university to take bottled water away from
  students, Kady McFadden convinced students to stop using it
    McFadden, Kady. Personal Communication, 2009.
•December  2008:
Students protest
against bottled
water
•2009: Ban

•Installed
“Quench
Machines” in
residence halls

   Hoachlander, Alison. 2009.
Installed four
filtered water and
ice stations, but
didn’t ban the bottle

“We want to give
environmentally
conscious students
an option.”
-Dave Annis,
Executive Director
of Housing and
Food Services           Cunningham, Kate., 2009.
U.S. EPA. (2005).
Dasani: Tap water,
filtered through reverse
osmosis + carbon filters
+ added minerals

Eldorado Springs:
Natural, unfiltered
spring water

CU Filtration Stations:
triple-filtered using half
micron filters


     The Coca-Cola Company, 2009. Eldorado Springs, 2009. Mangieri, Brian, Personal Communication, 2009.
Emerging
contaminates in
Boulder Water?

•Might  be related
to plastics, in
addition to birth
control, caffeine,
and other
atypical additives
   Vadja, et al., 2008.
                    Prepackaged Water Delivered to CU Boulder

                                   Eldorado
                                    Springs      Dasani Water    Fiji Water
                                 Spring Water
  Distance from
                                   16.09 km        43.45 km      11598 km
     Boulder
 Energy used in
 production and
                                    4.33 MJ         4.47 MJ       10.22 MJ
transportation of
      water
  Barrels of oil
                                    308 bbl         317 bbl        728 bbl
used to produce
                                  (12,936 gal)    (13,314 gal)   (30,576 gal)
 433,272 bottles
  Gleick, PH, HS Cooley, 2009.
Currently there
are triple-filtered
water stations in
Cheyenne-
Arapaho &
Farrand, with
another going up
in Darley by the
end of the year
Took note of behavior
at Farrand and
Cheyenne-Arapaho
during meals
   • Type of bottle
     carried
   • Student or a worker
   • Obtained at water
     station or Grab-n-Go
   • Other noteworthy
     observations
Not much use during initial tour
Dependence on pre-packaged water
Signs
  Lack incentives
Cases of bottled water being sold in convenience
stores
   The Filtered Water Station:
A place to sit and wait for friends?
     Can they see the signs?
Administered to 500 Students

1. Where do you get most of the water you drink?
Tap Water Filter Pre-packaged Bottle

2. If you drink bottled water, what is your primary reason
  for doing so?
Taste        Convenience         Health         Other

3. Did you know there are free filtered water stations at
Farrand Hall and Cheyenne/Arapaho Halls?
       Yes     No
•A blind taste test
•Asked students
which of two waters
they preferred
     (A or B?)
•Asked  about flavor,
temperature,
freshness
•Also asked if they
visited the filtered
water stations before
Bottled Water:
    • distinct mineral
      flavor
    • Easily
      identifiable to
      regular bottled
      water drinkers
•Filtered   Water:
    • Clean tasting
    • Strongly
      preferred
Logistical Changes
Education and Outreach
Collaboration
Stop selling Fiji and
cases of bottled water
in the convenience
stores
Sell individual water
filters and a variety of
reusable bottles at cost
in convenience stores
Do not chill any type
of bottled water
Add chillers or ice
machines to water
stations, use on a
seasonal basis
When purchasing
Dasani water, ensure
that it is bottled
locally (Denver) and
in the lightest
weighing bottles
possible
Eldorado Springs
Water:
  Low Carbon
  Footprint
Advise students to bring their own bottles
before they arrive on campus in the “What to
Bring” list
Repeat the H2O Taste
Test on a regular basis
with most emphasis
in first few weeks
after opening
Update signs over
filtered water stations
Install larger, brightly
colored signs over
water filtration
stations
Continue
conversations with
freshman class
students in
developing
advertisement                     3 bottles of water
campaigns                     .07 gallons of oil
                      +           emitted greenhouse gasses
                      =           1 bottle of water
                     *Figures detail the ecological imprint of imported bottled water. Not
                     even the local suppliers can beat the low carbon imprint of water
                     available for free outside your Grab-n-Go.


                                  Source: Gleick, PH, HS Cooley. Environmental Research Letters 4(2009):
The bottles simply piled up


       ‘Until the scene was drastic


No one drank filtered water.


     So the world filled with plastic.

        Filtered Water.
   Outside your Grab-n-Go.
She scowled at her bottle and then

  ‘On a post-it note she put: “Hint!”


        “I must quit this plastic habit!”

   “It’s ruining my carbon footprint!”

                Filtered Water.
           Outside your Grab-n-Go.
Place
prompts
on the exit
doors of
residence
halls
Pair bottle or mug
giveaways with Live
Green pledge and
with advertisements
for the filtered water
stations
Add “Eliminate
Plastic” to Live Green
Pledge
Coordinate with UCSU and clubs on campus
to:
 Build support throughout the campus community
 Expand pledges to reduce bottled water use
 Raise sustainability awareness
 Build community structure
Create a dialogue with the CU Parents
Association
With the support
of students,
phase out the use
of bottled water
entirely
Members of Housing and Dining Services:
  Amy Beckstrom, Director
  Lauren Heising, RD, Coordinator of Nutrition and Sales
  Juergen A. Friese, Coordinator for Facilities
  Michael Knapp, C.P.M., Coordinator for Procurement
  Janice Torkildsen, Assistant Director, Head of Retail
  Operations & Promotions
UCSU Environmental Board
  Sustainable CU for funding the water filtration stations
CU Environmental Center
  Joe Shantz and Casey LeFever of the EcoLeaders
Dr. Lisa Barlow
Our peers in ENVS 3001