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Engineering and Technical Cluster precautionary measures

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Engineering and Technical Cluster precautionary measures Powered By Docstoc
					Digital Electronics                                                                                               WVEIS 2462

Digital Electronics is a component of the Project Lead the Way (PLTW) pre-engineering curriculum. This is a course in
applied logic that encompasses the application of electronic circuits and devices. Computer simulation software is used to
design and test digital circuitry prior to the actual construction of circuits and devices. Students will utilize problem-solving
techniques and participate in laboratory activities to develop an understanding of course concepts. Safety instruction is
integrated into all activities. Students are encouraged to become active members of the Technology Student Association
(TSA), which is an integral component of the program and provides curricular opportunities that enhance student
achievement. The West Virginia Standards for 21st Century Learning include the following components: 21st Century
Content Standards and 21st Century Learning Skills and Technology Tools. All West Virginia teachers are responsible for
classroom instruction that integrates learning skills, technology tools and content standards and objectives.

Grade 9-12       Digital Electronics
Standard: 1     Safety
ET.S.DE.1       Students will:
                     determine the standards that need to be applied to personal and equipment safety.
                     discover how electronics may affect the environment, and the safety precautions that should be taken.
Objectives       Students will
ET.O.DE.1.1 recognize hazards in the lab and know locations of the safety equipment and how to use it.
ET.O.DE.1.2 research the causes and dangers from electric shock and explain methods to prevent it.
ET.O.DE.1.3 assess the many factors, including environment concerns, that must be taken into account when designing an
                 electronic circuit and be familiar with precautionary measures.
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.1)
             Above Mastery                                     Mastery                              Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional          The student demonstrates competent       The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with                and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of
distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of        fundamental knowledge and skills
of knowledge and skills that exceed the       knowledge and skills that meet the       characterized by errors and/or
standard in safety. The student can do        standard in safety. The student can do   omissions in safety. The student can do
the following with no errors: assess          the following with few errors: recognize the following with notable errors:
hazards in the lab and know locations of hazards in the lab and know locations of identify hazards in the lab and know
the safety equipment and how to use it;       the safety equipment and how to use it;  locations of the safety equipment and
research the causes and dangers from          research the causes and dangers from     how to use it; research the causes and
electric shock and explain methods to         electric shock and explain methods to    dangers from electric shock and explain
prevent it; and assess the many factors, prevent it; and determine the many            methods to prevent it; and identify the
including environment concerns, that          factors, including environment concerns, many factors, including environment
must be taken into account when               that must be taken into account when     concerns, that must be taken into
designing an electronic circuit and be        designing an electronic circuit and be   account when designing an electronic
familiar with precautionary measures.       familiar with precautionary measures.       circuit and be familiar with precautionary
The student can independently solve         Application of knowledge and skills is      measures. Performance needs further
problems and is self-directed.              thorough and effective, and the student     development and supervision.
                                            can work independently.
Standard: 2      Basic Electron Theory
ET.S.DE.2        Students will:
                      determine the laws that affect electric circuits.
                      differentiate between direct and alternating current.
Objectives       Students will
ET.O.DE.2.1 characterize the parts of the atom.
ET.O.DE.2.2 compare the relationship of quantum energy required to strip away electrons from atoms to being classified as
                 an insulator or conductor.
ET.O.DE.2.3 apply Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws to closed loops.
ET.O.DE.2.4 differentiate between direct and alternating current.
ET.O.DE.2.5 re-write any number using conventional prefix definitions.
ET.O.DE.2.6 draw and label the parts of a simple circuit.
ET.O.DE.2.7 build and test a variety of series and parallel circuits, using simulation software and proto-boards, to prove the
                 accuracy of Ohm’s and Kirchhoff’s laws.
ET.O.DE.2.8 utilize electrical meters to determine voltage, resistance, and current in simple circuits.
ET.O.DE.2.9 calculate the resistance, current, and voltage in a circuit using Ohm’s Law.
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.2)
              Above Mastery                                  Mastery                                 Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional        The student demonstrates competent          The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with              and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of
distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of         fundamental knowledge and skills
of knowledge and skills that exceed the     knowledge and skills that meet the          characterized by errors and/or
standard in basic electron theory. The      standard in basic electron theory. The      omissions in basic electron theory. The
student can do the following with no        student can do the following with few       student can do the following with notable
errors: characterize the parts of the       errors: characterize the parts of the       errors: characterize the parts of the
atom; compare the relationship of           atom; determine the relationship of         atom; describe the relationship of
quantum energy required to strip away       quantum energy required to strip away       quantum energy required to strip away
electrons from atoms to being classified electrons from atoms to being classified electrons from atoms to being classified
as an insulator or conductor; apply         as an insulator or conductor; apply         as an insulator or conductor; apply
Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws to     Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws to     Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws to
closed loops; differentiate between         closed loops; differentiate between         closed loops; differentiate between
direct and alternating current; re-write    direct and alternating current; re-write    direct and alternating current; re-write
any number using conventional prefix        any number using conventional prefix        any number using conventional prefix
definitions; draw and label the parts of a definitions; draw and label the parts of a definitions; draw and label the parts of a
simple circuit; build and test a variety of simple circuit; build and test a variety of simple circuit; build and test a variety of
series and parallel circuits, using           series and parallel circuits, using           series and parallel circuits, using
simulation software and proto-boards, to      simulation software and proto-boards, to      simulation software and proto-boards, to
prove the accuracy of Ohm’s and               prove the accuracy of Ohm’s and               prove the accuracy of Ohm’s and
Kirchhoff’s laws; utilize electrical meters   Kirchhoff’s laws; utilize electrical meters   Kirchhoff’s laws; utilize electrical meters
to determine voltage, resistance, and         to determine voltage, resistance, and         to determine voltage, resistance, and
current in simple circuits; and calculate     current in simple circuits; and calculate     current in simple circuits; and calculate
the resistance, current, and voltage in a     the resistance, current, and voltage in a     the resistance, current, and voltage in a
circuit using Ohm’s Law. The student          circuit using Ohm’s Law. Application of       circuit using Ohm’s Law. Performance
can independently solve problems and          knowledge and skills is thorough and          needs further development and
is self- directed.                            effective, and the student can work           supervision.
                                              independently.
Standard: 3 Resistance
ET.S.DE.3        Students will use resistors and calculate resistance in circuits.
Objectives       Students will
ET.O.DE.3.1 determine the material makeup of resistors and how they are used in circuit design.
ET.O.DE.3.2 recognize the symbols associated with resistors.
ET.O.DE.3.3 use lab equipment to measure resistor values in order to compare measured and rated values.
ET.O.DE.3.4 calculate the tolerance levels of various resistors to determine if the measured value is within specifications.
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.3)
              Above Mastery                                    Mastery                                 Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional         The student demonstrates competent          The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with               and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of
distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of          fundamental knowledge and skills
of knowledge and skills that exceed the      knowledge and skills that meet the          characterized by errors and/or
standard in resistance. The student can standard in resistance. The student can omissions in resistance. The student
do the following with no errors: evaluate do the following with few errors:              can do the following with notable errors:
the material makeup of resistors and         determine the material makeup of            describe the material makeup of
how they are used in circuit design;         resistors and how they are used in          resistors and how they are used in
assess the symbols associated with           circuit design; recognize the symbols       circuit design; identify the symbols
resistors; use lab equipment to measure associated with resistors; use lab               associated with resistors; use lab
resistor values in order to compare          equipment to measure resistor values in equipment to measure resistor values in
measured and rated values; and               order to compare measured and rated         order to compare measured and rated
calculate the tolerance levels of various values; and calculate the tolerance            values; and calculate the tolerance
resistors to determine if the measured       levels of various resistors to determine if levels of various resistors to determine if
value is within specifications. The          the measured value is within                the measured value is within
student can independently solve              specifications. Application of knowledge specifications. Performance needs
problems and is self- directed.              and skills is thorough and effective, and further development and supervision.
                                             the student can work independently.
Standard: 4 Capacitance
ET.S.DE.4       Students will determine the purpose and use of capacitors in a circuit.
Objectives       Students will
ET.O.DE.4.1 examine the component parts of a capacitor and examine how a capacitor holds a static charge.
ET.O.DE.4.2 use the units of measurement for capacitors correctly.
ET.O.DE.4.3 calculate the value of capacitors mathematically and through the use of instrumentation.
ET.O.DE.4.4 examine different types of capacitors and their voltage polarity requirements.
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.4)
              Above Mastery                                  Mastery                                  Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional        The student demonstrates competent          The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with              and proficient performance and shows a      inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application   thorough and effective application of       knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the     knowledge and skills that meet the          errors and/or omissions in capacitance.
standard in capacitance. The student        standard in capacitance. The student        The student can do the following with
can do the following with no errors:        can do the following with few errors:       notable errors: identify the component
evaluate the component parts of a           examine the component parts of a            parts of a capacitor and describe how a
capacitor and evaluate how a capacitor      capacitor and examine how a capacitor       capacitor holds a static charge; use the
holds a static charge; use the units of     holds a static charge; use the units of     units of measurement for capacitors;
measurement for capacitors; calculate       measurement for capacitors; calculate       calculate the value of capacitors
the value of capacitors mathematically      the value of capacitors mathematically      mathematically and through the use of
and through the use of instrumentation;     and through the use of instrumentation;     instrumentation; and identify different
and assess different types of capacitors    and examine different types of capacitors types of capacitors and their voltage
and their voltage polarity requirements.    and their voltage polarity requirements.    polarity requirements. Performance
The student can independently solve         Application of knowledge and skills is      needs further development and
problems and is self- directed.             thorough and effective, and the student     supervision.
                                            can work independently.
Standard: 5 Analog and Digital Waveforms
ET.S.DE.5        Students will:
                     interpret analog and digital waveforms.
                     use an oscilloscope to measure output frequency.
Objectives       Students will
ET.O.DE.5.1 draw a digital waveform and identify the anatomy of the waveform.
ET.O.DE.5.2 differentiate between digital and analog signals when given the waveforms.
ET.O.DE.5.3 wire and assess a free-running clock circuit using a 555 timer.
ET.O.DE.5.4 calculate the output frequency of a clock circuit using observations and the oscilloscope.
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.5)
              Above Mastery                                  Mastery                                  Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional        The student demonstrates competent          The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with              and proficient performance and shows a      inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application   thorough and effective application of       knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the     knowledge and skills that meet the          errors and/or omissions in analog and
standard in analog and digital              standard in analog and digital              digital waveforms. The student can do
waveforms. The student can do the           waveforms. The student will do the          the following with notable errors: draw a
following with no errors: draw a digital    following with few errors: draw a digital   digital waveform and identify the
waveform and identify the anatomy of the    waveform and identify the anatomy of the    anatomy of the waveform; differentiate
waveform; differentiate between digital     waveform; draw a digital waveform and       between digital and analog signals when
and analog signals when given the           identify the anatomy of the waveform;       given the waveforms; wire and assess a
waveforms; wire and assess a free-          differentiate between digital and analog    free-running clock circuit using a 555
running clock circuit using a 555 timer;    signals when given the waveforms; wire      timer; and calculate the output frequency
and calculate the output frequency of a     and assess a free-running clock circuit     of a clock circuit using observations and
clock circuit using observations and the    using a 555 timer; and calculate the        the oscilloscope. Performance needs
oscilloscope. The student can               output frequency of a clock circuit using   further development and supervision.
independently solve problems and is self-   observations and the oscilloscope.
directed.                                   Application of knowledge and skills is
                                            thorough and effective, and the student
                                            can work independently.
Standard: 6 Number Systems
ET.S.DE.6        Students will communicate concepts using different number systems.
Objectives       Students will
ET.O.DE.6.1 examine numerical place value.
ET.O.DE.6.2 use mathematical symbols to represent different bases.
ET.O.DE.6.3 demonstrate the relationship of binary and hexadecimal to bits and bytes of information used in computers.
ET.O.DE.6.4 convert values from one number system to another.
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.6)
              Above Mastery                                  Mastery                              Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional        The student demonstrates competent      The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with              and proficient performance and shows a  inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application   thorough and effective application of   knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the     knowledge and skills that meet the      errors and/or omissions in number
standard in number systems. The             standard in number systems. The         systems. The student can do the
student can do the following with no        student can do the following with few   following with notable errors: identify
errors: evaluate numerical place value;     errors: examine numerical place value;  numerical place value; use mathematical
use mathematical symbols to represent       use mathematical symbols to represent   symbols to represent different bases;
different bases; assess the relationship of different bases; demonstrate the        identify the relationship of binary and
binary and hexadecimal to bits and bytes relationship of binary and hexadecimal to hexadecimal to bits and bytes of
of information used in computers; and       bits and bytes of information used in   information used in computers; and
convert values from one number system       computers; and convert values from one convert values from one number system
to another. The student can                 number system to another. Application   to another. Performance needs further
independently solve problems and is self- of knowledge and skills is thorough and   development and supervision.
directed.                                   effective, and the student can work
                                             independently.
Standard: 7       Logic Gates and Boolean Algebra
ET.S.DE.7         Students will:
                      determine the use and application of logic gates.
                      apply the rules of algebra and logic to design and test logic gate circuits.
Objectives        Students will
ET.O.DE.7.1       use schematics and symbolic algebra to represent digital gates in the creation of solutions to design problems.
ET.O.DE.7.2       recognize the name, symbol, and function and create the truth table and Boolean expression for the basic logic
                  gates.
ET.O.DE.7.3       apply logic to design and create, using gates, and solutions to problems.
ET.O.DE.7.4       recognize the relationship between the Boolean expression, logic diagram, and truth table.
ET.O.DE.7.5       create Boolean Expressions, logic circuit diagrams, or truth tables from information provided in the solution of
                  design problems.
ET.O.DE.7.6       select the Sum-of-Products or the Product-of-Sums form of a Boolean Expression.
ET.O.DE.7.7       apply the rules of Boolean algebra to logic diagrams and truth tables to minimize the circuit size necessary to
                  solve a design problem.
ET.O.DE.7.8       use DeMorgan’s Theorem to simplify a negated expression and to convert a SOP to a POS and visa versa in
                  order to save resources in the production of circuits.
ET.O.DE.7.9       formulate and employ a Karnaugh Map to reduce Boolean expressions and logic circuits to their simplest forms.
ET.O.DE.7.10 create circuits to solve a problem using NAND or NOR gates to replicate all logic functions.
ET.O.DE.7.11 make comparisons with standard combinational logic solutions to determine amount of resource reduction.
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.7)
              Above Mastery                                    Mastery                                  Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional         The student demonstrates competent           The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with               and proficient performance and shows a       inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application    thorough and effective application of        knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the      knowledge and skills that meet the           errors and/or omissions in logic gates
standard in logic gates and Boolean          standard in logic gates and Boolean          and Boolean algebra. The student can
algebra. The student can do the              algebra. The student can do the              do the following with notable errors: use
following with no errors: use schematics following with few errors: use                   schematics and symbolic algebra to
and symbolic algebra to represent digital schematics and symbolic algebra to              represent digital gates in the creation of
gates in the creation of solutions to        represent digital gates in the creation of   solutions to design problems; recognize
design problems; recognize the name,         solutions to design problems; recognize      the name, symbol, and function and
symbol, and function and create the truth the name, symbol, and function and              create the truth table and Boolean
table and Boolean expression for the         create the truth table and Boolean           expression for the basic logic gates;
basic logic gates; apply logic to design     expression for the basic logic gates;        apply logic to design and create, using
and create, using gates, solutions to        apply logic to design and create, using      gates, solutions to problems with; identify
problems; assess the relationship            gates, solutions to problems; recognize      the relationship between the Boolean
between the Boolean expression, logic        the relationship between the Boolean         expression, logic diagram, and truth
diagram, and truth table; create Boolean     expression, logic diagram, and truth       table; create Boolean Expressions, logic
Expressions, logic circuit diagrams, or      table; create Boolean Expressions, logic   circuit diagrams, or truth tables from
truth tables from information provided in    circuit diagrams, or truth tables from     information provided in the solution of
the solution of design problems; select      information provided in the solution of    design problems; select the Sum-of-
the Sum-of-Products or the Product-of-       design problems; select the Sum-of-        Products or the Product-of-Sums form of
Sums form of a Boolean Expression;           Products or the Product-of-Sums form of a Boolean Expression; apply the rules of
apply the rules of Boolean algebra to        a Boolean Expression; apply the rules of Boolean algebra to logic diagrams and
logic diagrams and truth tables to           Boolean algebra to logic diagrams and      truth tables to minimize the circuit size
minimize the circuit size necessary to       truth tables to minimize the circuit size  necessary to solve a design problem;
solve a design problem; use DeMorgan’s       necessary to solve a design problem;       use DeMorgan’s Theorem to simplify a
Theorem to simplify a negated                use DeMorgan’s Theorem to simplify a       negated expression and to convert a
expression and to convert a SOP to a         negated expression and to convert a        SOP to a POS and visa versa in order to
POS and visa versa in order to save          SOP to a POS and visa versa in order to save resources in the production of
resources in the production of circuits;     save resources in the production of        circuits; formulate and employ a
formulate and employ a Karnaugh Map to       circuits; formulate and employ a           Karnaugh Map to reduce Boolean
reduce Boolean expressions and logic         Karnaugh Map to reduce Boolean             expressions and logic circuits to their
circuits to their simplest forms; create     expressions and logic circuits to their    simplest forms; create circuits to solve a
circuits to solve a problem using NAND       simplest forms; create circuits to solve a problem using NAND or NOR gates to
or NOR gates to replicate all logic          problem using NAND or NOR gates to         replicate all logic functions; and make
functions; and make comparisons with         replicate all logic functions; and make    comparisons with standard combinational
standard combinational logic solutions to    comparisons with standard combinational logic solutions to determine amount of
determine amount of resource reduction.      logic solutions to determine amount of     resource reduction. Performance needs
The student can independently solve          resource reduction. Application of         further development and supervision.
problems and is self-directed.               knowledge and skills is thorough and
                                             effective, and the student can work
                                             independently.
Standard: 8      Circuit Design, Binary Addition, and Subtraction
ET.S.DE.8        Students will:
                     design, construct, and troubleshoot solutions to electronic design problems.
                     control the flow of data in logic circuits.
                     create programs for programmable logic devices.
                     design circuits using binary addition and subtraction.
Objectives       Students will
ET.O.DE.8.1      restate and simplify a digital design problem as part of the systematic approach to solving a problem.
ET.O.DE.8.2      design, construct, build, troubleshoot, and evaluate a solution to a design problem.
ET.O.DE.8.3      present an oral report presenting a solution and evaluation of a design problem.
ET.O.DE.8.4      discover the code to create numbers on a seven segment display by experimentation.
ET.O.DE.8.5      design a circuit to control a seven segment display with a decimal to BCD encoder and a display driver.
ET.O.DE.8.6      control the flow of data by utilizing Multiplexers and Demultiplexers.
ET.O.DE.8.7          design and implement combinational logic circuits using reprogrammable logic devices.
ET.O.DE.8.8          create PLD logic files that define combinational circuit designs using Boolean expressions.
ET.O.DE.8.9          use logic compiler software to create JEDEC files for programming PLDs.
ET.O.DE.8.10         create and prove the truth table for both half and full adders.
ET.O.DE 8.11         design, construct, and test adder circuits using both discrete gates and MSI gates.
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.8)
               Above Mastery                                      Mastery                                 Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional            The student demonstrates competent          The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with                  and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application       thorough and effective application of       knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the         knowledge and skills that meet the          errors and/or omissions in circuit design,
standard in circuit design, binary addition, standard in circuit design, binary             binary addition, and subtraction. The
and subtraction. The student can do the addition, and subtraction. The student              student can do the following with notable
following with no errors: restate and           can do the following with few errors:       errors: restate and simplify a digital
simplify a digital design problem as part       restate and simplify a digital design       design problem as part of the systematic
of the systematic approach to solving a         problem as part of the systematic           approach to solving a problem; design,
problem; design, construct, build,              approach to solving a problem; design,      construct, build, troubleshoot ,and
troubleshoot, and evaluate a solution to a construct, build, troubleshoot, and              evaluate a solution to a design problem;
design problem; present an oral report          evaluate a solution to a design problem;    present an oral report presenting a
presenting a solution and evaluation of a present an oral report presenting a               solution and evaluation of a design
design problem; discover the code to            solution and evaluation of a design         problem; discover the code to create
create numbers on a seven segment               problem; discover the code to create        numbers on a seven segment display by
display by experimentation; design a            numbers on a seven segment display by experimentation; design a circuit to
circuit to control a seven segment display experimentation; design a circuit to             control a seven segment display with a
with a decimal to BCD encoder and a             control a seven segment display with a      decimal to BCD encoder and a display
display driver; control the flow of data by decimal to BCD encoder and a display            driver; control the flow of data by utilizing
utilizing Multiplexers and Demultiplexers; driver; control the flow of data by utilizing Multiplexers and Demultiplexers; design
design and implement combinational              Multiplexers and Demultiplexers; design     and implement combinational logic
logic circuits using reprogrammable logic and implement combinational logic                 circuits using reprogrammable logic
devices; create PLD logic files that define circuits using reprogrammable logic             devices; create PLD logic files that define
combinational circuit designs using             devices; create PLD logic files that define combinational circuit designs using
Boolean expressions; use logic compiler combinational circuit designs using                 Boolean expressions; use logic compiler
software to create JEDEC files for              Boolean expressions; use logic compiler software to create JEDEC files for
programming PLDs; create and prove the software to create JEDEC files for                   programming PLDs; create and prove the
truth table for both half and full adders;      programming PLDs; create and prove the truth table for both half and full adders;
and design, construct, and test adder           truth table for both half and full adders;  and design, construct, and test adder
circuits using both discrete gates and          and design, construct, and test adder       circuits using both discrete gates and
MSI gates. The student can                      circuits using both discrete gates and      MSI gates. Performance needs further
independently solve problems and is self- MSI gates. Application of knowledge and development and supervision.
directed.                                       skills is thorough and effective, and the
                                              student can work independently.
Standard: 9 Introduction to Sequential Logic
ET.S.DE.9         Students will assemble circuits and compile information about the various applications of flip-flop circuits.
Objectives        Students will
ET.O.DE.9.1 construct and test simple latches and flip-flops from discrete gates.
ET.O.DE.9.2 interpret, design, draw, and evaluate circuits using the logic symbols for latches and flip-flops.
ET.O.DE.9.3 interpret waveform diagrams from circuits then construct and compare them with combinational waveforms.
ET.O.DE 9.4 compare and contrast operation of synchronous with asynchronous flip-flop circuits.
ET.O.DE.9.5 create and interpret timing diagrams and truth tables for J-K Flip-Flops.
ET.O.DE.9.6 select the appropriate types of triggers used by latches and flip-flops and use one in the design of a circuit.
ET.O.DE.9.7 analyze timing diagrams that reflect triggering to identify distinguishing characteristics.
ET.O.DE.9.8 conduct experiments with clock pulse width to determine the effect on the accuracy of data transmission.
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.9)
              Above Mastery                                     Mastery                                  Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional          The student demonstrates competent           The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with                and proficient performance and shows a       inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application     thorough and effective application of        knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the       knowledge and skills that meet the           errors and/or omissions in introduction to
standard in introduction to sequential        standard in introduction to sequential       sequential logic. The student can do the
logic. The student can do the following       logic. The student can do the following      following with notable errors: construct
with no errors: construct and test simple with few errors: construct and test              and test simple latches and flip-flops
latches and flip-flops from discrete gates; simple latches and flip-flops from discrete from discrete gates; interpret, design,
interpret, design, draw, and evaluate         gates; interpret, design, draw, and          draw and evaluate circuits using the logic
circuits using the logic symbols for          evaluate circuits using the logic symbols symbols for latches and flip-flops;
latches and flip-flops; interpret waveform for latches and flip-flops; interpret           interpret waveform diagrams from circuits
diagrams from circuits then construct and waveform diagrams from circuits then             then construct and compare them with
compare them with combinational               construct and compare them with              combinational waveforms; compare and
waveforms; compare and contrast               combinational waveforms; compare and         contrast operation of synchronous with
operation of synchronous with                 contrast operation of synchronous with       asynchronous flip-flop circuits; create
asynchronous flip-flop circuits; create and asynchronous flip-flop circuits; create        and interpret timing diagrams and truth
interpret timing diagrams and truth tables and interpret timing diagrams and truth         tables for J-K Flip-Flops; select the
for J-K Flip-Flops; select the appropriate    tables for J-K Flip-Flops; select the        appropriate types of triggers used by
types of triggers used by latches and flip- appropriate types of triggers used by          latches and flip-flops and use one in the
flops and use one in the design of a          latches and flip-flops and use one in the    design of a circuit; analyze timing
circuit; analyze timing diagrams that         design of a circuit; analyze timing          diagrams that reflect triggering to identify
reflect triggering to identify distinguishing diagrams that reflect triggering to identify distinguishing characteristics; and
characteristics; and conduct experiments distinguishing characteristics; and               conduct experiments with clock pulse
with clock pulse width to determine the       conduct experiments with clock pulse         width to determine the effect on the
effect on the accuracy of data                width to determine the effect on the         accuracy of data transmission.
transmission. The student can                   accuracy of data transmission.                Performance needs further development
independently solve problems and is self- Application of knowledge and skills is              and supervision.
directed.                                       thorough and effective, and the student
                                                can work independently.
Standard: 10 Shift Registers and Counters
ET.S.DE.10          Students will:
                        determine how shift registers work.
                        examine the concept of synchronous and asynchronous Mod counters.
Objectives          Students will
ET.O.DE.10.1        conduct experiments to determine the basic principles of how shift registers work.
ET.O.DE.10.2        evaluate the use of shift registers in product design and the speeds at which those products run.
ET.O.DE.10.3        create a circuit using discrete flip-flops to discover the operation and characteristics of asynchronous counters.
ET.O.DE.10.4        design, simulate, build, and test Mod counters using discrete gates.
ET.O.DE.10.5        design, simulate, build, and test synchronous and asynchronous Mod counters using an integrated counter
                    chip (MSI).
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.10)
              Above Mastery                                        Mastery                                  Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional            The student demonstrates competent            The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with                  and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application       thorough and effective application of         knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the         knowledge and skills that meet the            errors and/or omissions in shift registers
standard in shift registers and counters.       standard in shift registers and counters.     and counters. The student can do the
The student can do the following with no The student can do the following with few following with notable errors: conduct
errors: conduct experiments to                  errors: conduct experiments to                experiments to determine the basic
determine the basic principles of how           determine the basic principles of how         principles of how shift registers work;
shift registers work; evaluate the use of       shift registers work; examine the use of      describe the use of shift registers in
shift registers in product design and the       shift registers in product design and the     product design and the speeds at which
speeds at which those products run;             speeds at which those products run;           those products run; create a circuit using
create a circuit using discrete flip-flops to create a circuit using discrete flip-flops to discrete flip-flops to discover the
discover the operation and                      discover the operation and                    operation and characteristics of
characteristics of asynchronous counters; characteristics of asynchronous                     asynchronous counters; design,
design, simulate, build, and test Mod           counters; design, simulate, build, and        simulate, build, and test Mod counters
counters using discrete gates; and              test Mod counters using discrete gates;       using discrete gates; and design,
design, simulate, build, and test               and design, simulate, build, and test         simulate, build, and test synchronous
synchronous and asynchronous Mod                synchronous and asynchronous Mod              and asynchronous Mod counters using
counters using an integrated counter chip counters using an integrated counter chip an integrated counter chip (MSI).
(MSI). The student can independently            (MSI). Application of knowledge and           Performance needs further development
solve problems and is self- directed.           skills is thorough and effective, and the     and supervision.
                                                student can work independently.
Standard: 11          Families and Specifications
ET.S.DE.11            Students will examine logic families and specification sheets.
Objectives            Students will
ET.O.DE.11.1          interpret the graphs, charts, and written materials contained in a data sheet.
ET.O.DE.11.2          use an oscilloscope to observe and measure propagation delay in a digital circuit.
ET.O.DE.11.3          define, calculate, and measure noise margin, drive capabilities, fan-out, and propagation delay.
ET.O.DE.11.4          examine safety precautions for handling CMOS chips.
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.11)
               Above Mastery                                        Mastery                                Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional            The student demonstrates competent            The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with                  and proficient performance and shows a        inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application       thorough and effective application of         knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the         knowledge and skills that meet the            errors and/or omissions in families and
standard in families and specifications.        standard in families and specifications.      specifications. The student can label the
The student can analyze the graphs,             The student can interpret the graphs,         graphs, charts, and written materials
charts, and written materials contained in charts, and written materials contained in contained in a data sheet; use an
a data sheet; use an oscilloscope to            a data sheet; use an oscilloscope to          oscilloscope to observe and measure
observe and measure propagation delay observe and measure propagation delay propagation delay in a digital circuit;
in a digital circuit; define, calculate, and    in a digital circuit; define, calculate, and  define, calculate, and measure noise
measure noise margin, drive capabilities, measure noise margin, drive capabilities, margin, drive capabilities, fan-out, and
fan-out, and propagation delay with no          fan-out, and propagation delay with few       propagation delay with notable errors;
errors; and evaluate safety precautions         errors; and examine safety precautions        and identify safety precautions for
for handling CMOS chips. The student            for handling CMOS chips. Application of handling CMOS chips. Performance
can independently solve problems and is knowledge and skills is thorough and                  needs further development and
self-directed.                                  effective, and the student can work           supervision.
                                                independently.


Standard: 12     Microprocessors
ET.S.DE.12       Students will:
                     examine how to create programs to evaluate data and make decisions.
                     create programming to control stepper motors.
Objectives       Students will
ET.O.DE.12.1     formulate a flow chart to correctly apply basic programming concepts in planning a project.
ET.O.DE.12.2     create a program, using correct syntax, to evaluate data and make decisions based on information gathered
                 from the environment using external digital and analog sensors.
ET.O.DE.12.3     create an interface to inspect, evaluate, and manage program parameters in a microprocessor during the
                 operation of a program.
ET.O.DE.12.4     create a program in correct syntax allowing a microprocessor to evaluate external data in order to operate
                  motors and other devices to control the external environment.
ET.O.DE.12.5 select, size, and implement interface devices to control external devices.
ET.O.DE.12.6 create programming to control the position of stepper motors.
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.12)
              Above Mastery                                     Mastery                                 Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional          The student demonstrates competent          The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with                and proficient performance and shows a      inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application     thorough and effective application of       knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the       knowledge and skills that meet the          errors and/or omissions in
standard in microprocessors. The              standard in microprocessors. The            microprocessors. The student can do
student can do the following with no          student can do the following with few       the following with notable errors:
errors: formulate a flow chart to correctly errors: formulate a flow chart to correctly formulate a flow chart to correctly apply
apply basic programming concepts in           apply basic programming concepts in         basic programming concepts in planning
planning a project; create a program,         planning a project; create a program,       a project; create a program, using correct
using correct syntax, to evaluate data        using correct syntax, to evaluate data      syntax, to evaluate data and make
and make decisions based on                   and make decisions based on                 decisions based on information gathered
information gathered from the                 information gathered from the               from the environment using external
environment using external digital and        environment using external digital and      digital and analog sensors; create an
analog sensors; create an interface to        analog sensors; create an interface to      interface to inspect, evaluate, and
inspect, evaluate, and manage program         inspect, evaluate, and manage program       manage program parameters in a
parameters in a microprocessor during         parameters in a microprocessor during       microprocessor during the operation of a
the operation of a program; create a          the operation of a program; create a        program; create a program in correct
program in correct syntax allowing a          program in correct syntax allowing a        syntax allowing a microprocessor to
microprocessor to evaluate external data microprocessor to evaluate external data evaluate external data in order to operate
in order to operate motors and other          in order to operate motors and other        motors and other devices to control the
devices to control the external               devices to control the external             external environment; select, size, and
environment; select, size, and implement environment; select, size, and implement implement interface devices to control
interface devices to control external         interface devices to control external       external devices; and create
devices; and create programming to            devices; and create programming to          programming to control the position of
control the position of stepper motors.       control the position of stepper motors.     stepper motors. Performance needs
The student can independently solve           Application of knowledge and skills is      further development and supervision.
problems and is self-directed.                thorough and effective, and the student
                                              can work independently.
Standard: 13         Participating in the Student Organization
ET.S.DE.13           Students will participate in a local student organization.
Objectives           Students will
ET.O.DE.13.1         assess the purpose and goals of student organizations.
ET.O.DE.13.2         demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities such as meetings,
                     programs, projects, and competitions.
ET.O.DE.13.3          evaluate the benefits and responsibilities of participation in student, professional, and civic organizations as
                      an adult.
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.13)
              Above Mastery                                       Mastery                                   Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional            The student demonstrates competent            The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with                  and proficient performance and shows a        inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application       thorough and effective application of         knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the         knowledge and skills that meet the            errors and/or omissions in participating in
standard in participating in the student        standard in participating in the student      the student organization. The student
organization. The student can assess            organization. The student can examine         can identify the purpose and goals of a
the purpose and goals of a student              the purpose and goals of a student            student organization; demonstrate
organization; demonstrate leadership            organization; demonstrate leadership          leadership skills through reading about
skills through participation in student         skills through reporting about student        student organizations activities such as
organizations activities such as                organizations activities such as              meetings, programs, projects, and
meetings, programs, projects, and               meetings, programs, projects, and             competitions; and define the benefits and
competitions; and evaluate the benefits         competitions; and examine the benefits        responsibilities of participation in student,
and responsibilities of participation in        and responsibilities of participation in      professional, and civic organizations as
student, professional, and civic                student, professional, and civic              an adult. Performance needs further
organizations as an adult. The student          organizations as an adult. Application of development and supervision.
can independently solve problems and is knowledge and skills is thorough and
self-directed.                                  effective, and the student can work
                                                independently.
Standard: 14          Literacy and Numeracy
ET.S.ED.14            Students will demonstrate the literacy and numeracy skills required to solve complex, real-world problems
                      associated with their career/technical content area and improve their thinking and reasoning skills.
Objectives            Students will
ET.O.ED.14.1          utilize a variety of technical sources (e.g., Internet, manuals, journals, directions, reports, etc.) to complete
                      career/technical assignments and projects.
ET.O.ED.14.2          demonstrate writing skills required to complete career/technical assignments and projects.
ET.O.ED.14.3          demonstrate accuracy in calculating and measuring graphical work required to complete career/technical
                      assignments and projects.
ET.O.ED.14.4          analyze tables, charts, graphs and multiple data sources to complete career/technical assignments and
                      projects.
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.ED.14)
              Above Mastery                                     Mastery                                  Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional           The student demonstrates competent          The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with                 and proficient performance and shows        inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application a thorough and effective application of          knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the        knowledge and skills that meet the          errors and/or omissions in literacy and
standard in literacy and numeracy. The   standard in literacy and numeracy. The numeracy. The student selects a variety
student chooses a variety of technical   student utilizes a variety of technical    of technical sources (e.g., Internet,
sources (e.g., Internet, manuals,        sources (e.g., Internet, manuals,          manuals, journals, directions, reports,
journals, directions, reports, etc.) to  journals, directions, reports, etc.) to    etc.) to complete career/technical
complete career/technical assignments    complete career/technical assignments assignments and projects; reproduces
and projects; performs writing skills    and projects; demonstrates writing skills writing skills required to complete
required to complete career/technical    required to complete career/technical      career/technical assignments and
assignments and projects;                assignments and projects;                  projects; illustrates accuracy in
communicates accuracy in calculating     demonstrates accuracy in calculating       calculating and measuring graphical work
and measuring graphical work required    and measuring graphical work required required to complete career/technical
to complete career/technical             to complete career/technical               assignments and projects; and explains
assignments and projects; and            assignments and projects; and              tables, charts, graphs and multiple data
evaluates tables, charts, graphs and     analyzes tables, charts, graphs and        sources to complete career/technical
multiple data sources to complete        multiple data sources to complete          assignments and projects. Performance
career/technical assignments and         career/technical assignments and           needs further development and
projects. The student can independently  projects. Application of knowledge and     supervision.
solve problems and is self-directed.     skills is thorough and effective and the
                                         student can work independently.
Standard: 15        21st Century Learning Skills
ET.S.ED.15          The student will
                        access and manipulate information for use in oral, written, or multimedia format using appropriate
                           technology skills.
                        apply sound reasoning processes to solve complex real-world problems and develop new ideas.
                        exhibit leadership and ethical behavior in planning and executing tasks, as an individual or a
                           group member.
Objectives          Students will
ET.O.ED.15.1        search online using a range of technology tools and media to access relevant information needed for
                    problem solving.
ET.O.ED.15.2        create information for oral, written, and multimedia communications, adhering to copyright laws.
ET.O.ED.15.3        engage in problem solving and critical thinking processes to create and evaluate complex strategies in
                    order to independently solve problems.
ET.O.ED.15.4        adapt to new situations by considering multiple perspectives and a commitment to continued learning.
ET.O.ED.15.5        exhibit ethical behavior and positive leadership while working collaboratively in the school and/or
                    community.
ET.O.ED.15.6        model legal and ethical behaviors in the use of technology.
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.ED.15)
            Above Mastery                                  Mastery                                 Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional     The student demonstrates competent         The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with           and proficient performance and shows       inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application   a thorough and effective application of     knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the     knowledge and skills that meet the          errors and/or omissions in 21st century
standard in 21st century learning skills.                    st
                                            standard in 21 century learning skills.     learning skills. The student explains
The student assesses online technology      The student searches online using a         online technology tools and media to
tools and media to access relevant          range of technology tools and media to access relevant information needed for
information needed for problem solving;     access relevant information needed for problem solving; identifies information for
critiques information for oral, written, andproblem solving; creates information for oral, written, and multimedia
multimedia communications, adhering to      oral, written, and multimedia               communications, adhering to copyright
copyright laws; integrates problem          communications, adhering to copyright       laws; discusses problem solving and
solving and critical thinking processes to  laws; engages in problem solving and        critical thinking processes to create and
create and evaluate complex strategies      critical thinking processes to create and evaluate complex strategies in order to
in order to independently solve             evaluate complex strategies in order to independently solve problems; discusses
problems; interprets new situations by      independently solve problems; adapts        new situations by considering multiple
considering multiple perspectives and a     to new situations by considering            perspectives and a commitment to
commitment to continued learning;           multiple perspectives and a                 continued learning; reviews ethical
incorporates ethical behavior and           commitment to continued learning;           behavior and positive leadership while
positive leadership while working           exhibits ethical behavior and positive      working collaboratively in the school
collaboratively in the school and/or        leadership while working collaboratively and/or community; and describes legal
community; and reinforces legal and         in the school and/or community; and         and ethical behaviors in the use of
ethical behaviors in the use of             models legal and ethical behaviors in       technology. Performance needs further
technology. The student can                 the use of technology. Application of       development and supervision.
independently solve problems and is         knowledge and skills is thorough and
self-directed.                              effective and the student can work
                                            independently.
Standard: 16         Entrepreneurship Skills
ET.S.ED.16           Students will access the opportunities, concepts, processes, and personal traits/behaviors associated with
                     successful entrepreneurial performance.
Objectives           Students will
ET.O.ED.16.1         assess global trends in entrepreneurship that are related to their career/technical program.
ET.O.ED.16.2         determine entrepreneurial opportunities in venture creation related to their career/technical program.
ET.O.ED.16.3         examine desirable entrepreneurial personality traits.
Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.ED.16)
              Above Mastery                                     Mastery                                Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional        The student demonstrates competent          The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with              and proficient performance and shows        inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application a thorough and effective application of       knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the     knowledge and skills that meet the          errors and/or omissions in
standard in entrepreneurship skills. The standard in entrepreneurship skills. The entrepreneurship skills. The student lists
student critiques global trends in          student assesses global trends in           global trends in entrepreneurship that are
entrepreneurship that are related to their entrepreneurship that are related to         related to their career/technical program;
career/technical program; evaluates          their career/technical program;             describes entrepreneurial opportunities in
entrepreneurial opportunities in venture     determines entrepreneurial                  venture creation related to their
creation related to their career/technical   opportunities in venture creation related   career/technical program; and identifies
program; and assesses desirable              to their career/technical program; and      desirable entrepreneurial personality
entrepreneurial personality traits. The      examines desirable entrepreneurial          traits. Performance needs further
student can independently solve              personality traits. Application of          development and supervision.
problems and is self-directed.               knowledge and skills is thorough and
                                             effective and the student can work
                                             independently.

				
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Description: Engineering and Technical Cluster precautionary measures