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Engineering and Technical Cluster precautionary measures
Digital Electronics WVEIS 2462 Digital Electronics is a component of the Project Lead the Way (PLTW) pre-engineering curriculum. This is a course in applied logic that encompasses the application of electronic circuits and devices. Computer simulation software is used to design and test digital circuitry prior to the actual construction of circuits and devices. Students will utilize problem-solving techniques and participate in laboratory activities to develop an understanding of course concepts. Safety instruction is integrated into all activities. Students are encouraged to become active members of the Technology Student Association (TSA), which is an integral component of the program and provides curricular opportunities that enhance student achievement. The West Virginia Standards for 21st Century Learning include the following components: 21st Century Content Standards and 21st Century Learning Skills and Technology Tools. All West Virginia teachers are responsible for classroom instruction that integrates learning skills, technology tools and content standards and objectives. Grade 9-12 Digital Electronics Standard: 1 Safety ET.S.DE.1 Students will: determine the standards that need to be applied to personal and equipment safety. discover how electronics may affect the environment, and the safety precautions that should be taken. Objectives Students will ET.O.DE.1.1 recognize hazards in the lab and know locations of the safety equipment and how to use it. ET.O.DE.1.2 research the causes and dangers from electric shock and explain methods to prevent it. ET.O.DE.1.3 assess the many factors, including environment concerns, that must be taken into account when designing an electronic circuit and be familiar with precautionary measures. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.1) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of fundamental knowledge and skills of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the characterized by errors and/or standard in safety. The student can do standard in safety. The student can do omissions in safety. The student can do the following with no errors: assess the following with few errors: recognize the following with notable errors: hazards in the lab and know locations of hazards in the lab and know locations of identify hazards in the lab and know the safety equipment and how to use it; the safety equipment and how to use it; locations of the safety equipment and research the causes and dangers from research the causes and dangers from how to use it; research the causes and electric shock and explain methods to electric shock and explain methods to dangers from electric shock and explain prevent it; and assess the many factors, prevent it; and determine the many methods to prevent it; and identify the including environment concerns, that factors, including environment concerns, many factors, including environment must be taken into account when that must be taken into account when concerns, that must be taken into designing an electronic circuit and be designing an electronic circuit and be account when designing an electronic familiar with precautionary measures. familiar with precautionary measures. circuit and be familiar with precautionary The student can independently solve Application of knowledge and skills is measures. Performance needs further problems and is self-directed. thorough and effective, and the student development and supervision. can work independently. Standard: 2 Basic Electron Theory ET.S.DE.2 Students will: determine the laws that affect electric circuits. differentiate between direct and alternating current. Objectives Students will ET.O.DE.2.1 characterize the parts of the atom. ET.O.DE.2.2 compare the relationship of quantum energy required to strip away electrons from atoms to being classified as an insulator or conductor. ET.O.DE.2.3 apply Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws to closed loops. ET.O.DE.2.4 differentiate between direct and alternating current. ET.O.DE.2.5 re-write any number using conventional prefix definitions. ET.O.DE.2.6 draw and label the parts of a simple circuit. ET.O.DE.2.7 build and test a variety of series and parallel circuits, using simulation software and proto-boards, to prove the accuracy of Ohm’s and Kirchhoff’s laws. ET.O.DE.2.8 utilize electrical meters to determine voltage, resistance, and current in simple circuits. ET.O.DE.2.9 calculate the resistance, current, and voltage in a circuit using Ohm’s Law. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.2) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of fundamental knowledge and skills of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the characterized by errors and/or standard in basic electron theory. The standard in basic electron theory. The omissions in basic electron theory. The student can do the following with no student can do the following with few student can do the following with notable errors: characterize the parts of the errors: characterize the parts of the errors: characterize the parts of the atom; compare the relationship of atom; determine the relationship of atom; describe the relationship of quantum energy required to strip away quantum energy required to strip away quantum energy required to strip away electrons from atoms to being classified electrons from atoms to being classified electrons from atoms to being classified as an insulator or conductor; apply as an insulator or conductor; apply as an insulator or conductor; apply Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws to Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws to Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws to closed loops; differentiate between closed loops; differentiate between closed loops; differentiate between direct and alternating current; re-write direct and alternating current; re-write direct and alternating current; re-write any number using conventional prefix any number using conventional prefix any number using conventional prefix definitions; draw and label the parts of a definitions; draw and label the parts of a definitions; draw and label the parts of a simple circuit; build and test a variety of simple circuit; build and test a variety of simple circuit; build and test a variety of series and parallel circuits, using series and parallel circuits, using series and parallel circuits, using simulation software and proto-boards, to simulation software and proto-boards, to simulation software and proto-boards, to prove the accuracy of Ohm’s and prove the accuracy of Ohm’s and prove the accuracy of Ohm’s and Kirchhoff’s laws; utilize electrical meters Kirchhoff’s laws; utilize electrical meters Kirchhoff’s laws; utilize electrical meters to determine voltage, resistance, and to determine voltage, resistance, and to determine voltage, resistance, and current in simple circuits; and calculate current in simple circuits; and calculate current in simple circuits; and calculate the resistance, current, and voltage in a the resistance, current, and voltage in a the resistance, current, and voltage in a circuit using Ohm’s Law. The student circuit using Ohm’s Law. Application of circuit using Ohm’s Law. Performance can independently solve problems and knowledge and skills is thorough and needs further development and is self- directed. effective, and the student can work supervision. independently. Standard: 3 Resistance ET.S.DE.3 Students will use resistors and calculate resistance in circuits. Objectives Students will ET.O.DE.3.1 determine the material makeup of resistors and how they are used in circuit design. ET.O.DE.3.2 recognize the symbols associated with resistors. ET.O.DE.3.3 use lab equipment to measure resistor values in order to compare measured and rated values. ET.O.DE.3.4 calculate the tolerance levels of various resistors to determine if the measured value is within specifications. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.3) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of fundamental knowledge and skills of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the characterized by errors and/or standard in resistance. The student can standard in resistance. The student can omissions in resistance. The student do the following with no errors: evaluate do the following with few errors: can do the following with notable errors: the material makeup of resistors and determine the material makeup of describe the material makeup of how they are used in circuit design; resistors and how they are used in resistors and how they are used in assess the symbols associated with circuit design; recognize the symbols circuit design; identify the symbols resistors; use lab equipment to measure associated with resistors; use lab associated with resistors; use lab resistor values in order to compare equipment to measure resistor values in equipment to measure resistor values in measured and rated values; and order to compare measured and rated order to compare measured and rated calculate the tolerance levels of various values; and calculate the tolerance values; and calculate the tolerance resistors to determine if the measured levels of various resistors to determine if levels of various resistors to determine if value is within specifications. The the measured value is within the measured value is within student can independently solve specifications. Application of knowledge specifications. Performance needs problems and is self- directed. and skills is thorough and effective, and further development and supervision. the student can work independently. Standard: 4 Capacitance ET.S.DE.4 Students will determine the purpose and use of capacitors in a circuit. Objectives Students will ET.O.DE.4.1 examine the component parts of a capacitor and examine how a capacitor holds a static charge. ET.O.DE.4.2 use the units of measurement for capacitors correctly. ET.O.DE.4.3 calculate the value of capacitors mathematically and through the use of instrumentation. ET.O.DE.4.4 examine different types of capacitors and their voltage polarity requirements. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.4) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in capacitance. standard in capacitance. The student standard in capacitance. The student The student can do the following with can do the following with no errors: can do the following with few errors: notable errors: identify the component evaluate the component parts of a examine the component parts of a parts of a capacitor and describe how a capacitor and evaluate how a capacitor capacitor and examine how a capacitor capacitor holds a static charge; use the holds a static charge; use the units of holds a static charge; use the units of units of measurement for capacitors; measurement for capacitors; calculate measurement for capacitors; calculate calculate the value of capacitors the value of capacitors mathematically the value of capacitors mathematically mathematically and through the use of and through the use of instrumentation; and through the use of instrumentation; instrumentation; and identify different and assess different types of capacitors and examine different types of capacitors types of capacitors and their voltage and their voltage polarity requirements. and their voltage polarity requirements. polarity requirements. Performance The student can independently solve Application of knowledge and skills is needs further development and problems and is self- directed. thorough and effective, and the student supervision. can work independently. Standard: 5 Analog and Digital Waveforms ET.S.DE.5 Students will: interpret analog and digital waveforms. use an oscilloscope to measure output frequency. Objectives Students will ET.O.DE.5.1 draw a digital waveform and identify the anatomy of the waveform. ET.O.DE.5.2 differentiate between digital and analog signals when given the waveforms. ET.O.DE.5.3 wire and assess a free-running clock circuit using a 555 timer. ET.O.DE.5.4 calculate the output frequency of a clock circuit using observations and the oscilloscope. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.5) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in analog and standard in analog and digital standard in analog and digital digital waveforms. The student can do waveforms. The student can do the waveforms. The student will do the the following with notable errors: draw a following with no errors: draw a digital following with few errors: draw a digital digital waveform and identify the waveform and identify the anatomy of the waveform and identify the anatomy of the anatomy of the waveform; differentiate waveform; differentiate between digital waveform; draw a digital waveform and between digital and analog signals when and analog signals when given the identify the anatomy of the waveform; given the waveforms; wire and assess a waveforms; wire and assess a free- differentiate between digital and analog free-running clock circuit using a 555 running clock circuit using a 555 timer; signals when given the waveforms; wire timer; and calculate the output frequency and calculate the output frequency of a and assess a free-running clock circuit of a clock circuit using observations and clock circuit using observations and the using a 555 timer; and calculate the the oscilloscope. Performance needs oscilloscope. The student can output frequency of a clock circuit using further development and supervision. independently solve problems and is self- observations and the oscilloscope. directed. Application of knowledge and skills is thorough and effective, and the student can work independently. Standard: 6 Number Systems ET.S.DE.6 Students will communicate concepts using different number systems. Objectives Students will ET.O.DE.6.1 examine numerical place value. ET.O.DE.6.2 use mathematical symbols to represent different bases. ET.O.DE.6.3 demonstrate the relationship of binary and hexadecimal to bits and bytes of information used in computers. ET.O.DE.6.4 convert values from one number system to another. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.6) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in number standard in number systems. The standard in number systems. The systems. The student can do the student can do the following with no student can do the following with few following with notable errors: identify errors: evaluate numerical place value; errors: examine numerical place value; numerical place value; use mathematical use mathematical symbols to represent use mathematical symbols to represent symbols to represent different bases; different bases; assess the relationship of different bases; demonstrate the identify the relationship of binary and binary and hexadecimal to bits and bytes relationship of binary and hexadecimal to hexadecimal to bits and bytes of of information used in computers; and bits and bytes of information used in information used in computers; and convert values from one number system computers; and convert values from one convert values from one number system to another. The student can number system to another. Application to another. Performance needs further independently solve problems and is self- of knowledge and skills is thorough and development and supervision. directed. effective, and the student can work independently. Standard: 7 Logic Gates and Boolean Algebra ET.S.DE.7 Students will: determine the use and application of logic gates. apply the rules of algebra and logic to design and test logic gate circuits. Objectives Students will ET.O.DE.7.1 use schematics and symbolic algebra to represent digital gates in the creation of solutions to design problems. ET.O.DE.7.2 recognize the name, symbol, and function and create the truth table and Boolean expression for the basic logic gates. ET.O.DE.7.3 apply logic to design and create, using gates, and solutions to problems. ET.O.DE.7.4 recognize the relationship between the Boolean expression, logic diagram, and truth table. ET.O.DE.7.5 create Boolean Expressions, logic circuit diagrams, or truth tables from information provided in the solution of design problems. ET.O.DE.7.6 select the Sum-of-Products or the Product-of-Sums form of a Boolean Expression. ET.O.DE.7.7 apply the rules of Boolean algebra to logic diagrams and truth tables to minimize the circuit size necessary to solve a design problem. ET.O.DE.7.8 use DeMorgan’s Theorem to simplify a negated expression and to convert a SOP to a POS and visa versa in order to save resources in the production of circuits. ET.O.DE.7.9 formulate and employ a Karnaugh Map to reduce Boolean expressions and logic circuits to their simplest forms. ET.O.DE.7.10 create circuits to solve a problem using NAND or NOR gates to replicate all logic functions. ET.O.DE.7.11 make comparisons with standard combinational logic solutions to determine amount of resource reduction. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.7) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in logic gates standard in logic gates and Boolean standard in logic gates and Boolean and Boolean algebra. The student can algebra. The student can do the algebra. The student can do the do the following with notable errors: use following with no errors: use schematics following with few errors: use schematics and symbolic algebra to and symbolic algebra to represent digital schematics and symbolic algebra to represent digital gates in the creation of gates in the creation of solutions to represent digital gates in the creation of solutions to design problems; recognize design problems; recognize the name, solutions to design problems; recognize the name, symbol, and function and symbol, and function and create the truth the name, symbol, and function and create the truth table and Boolean table and Boolean expression for the create the truth table and Boolean expression for the basic logic gates; basic logic gates; apply logic to design expression for the basic logic gates; apply logic to design and create, using and create, using gates, solutions to apply logic to design and create, using gates, solutions to problems with; identify problems; assess the relationship gates, solutions to problems; recognize the relationship between the Boolean between the Boolean expression, logic the relationship between the Boolean expression, logic diagram, and truth diagram, and truth table; create Boolean expression, logic diagram, and truth table; create Boolean Expressions, logic Expressions, logic circuit diagrams, or table; create Boolean Expressions, logic circuit diagrams, or truth tables from truth tables from information provided in circuit diagrams, or truth tables from information provided in the solution of the solution of design problems; select information provided in the solution of design problems; select the Sum-of- the Sum-of-Products or the Product-of- design problems; select the Sum-of- Products or the Product-of-Sums form of Sums form of a Boolean Expression; Products or the Product-of-Sums form of a Boolean Expression; apply the rules of apply the rules of Boolean algebra to a Boolean Expression; apply the rules of Boolean algebra to logic diagrams and logic diagrams and truth tables to Boolean algebra to logic diagrams and truth tables to minimize the circuit size minimize the circuit size necessary to truth tables to minimize the circuit size necessary to solve a design problem; solve a design problem; use DeMorgan’s necessary to solve a design problem; use DeMorgan’s Theorem to simplify a Theorem to simplify a negated use DeMorgan’s Theorem to simplify a negated expression and to convert a expression and to convert a SOP to a negated expression and to convert a SOP to a POS and visa versa in order to POS and visa versa in order to save SOP to a POS and visa versa in order to save resources in the production of resources in the production of circuits; save resources in the production of circuits; formulate and employ a formulate and employ a Karnaugh Map to circuits; formulate and employ a Karnaugh Map to reduce Boolean reduce Boolean expressions and logic Karnaugh Map to reduce Boolean expressions and logic circuits to their circuits to their simplest forms; create expressions and logic circuits to their simplest forms; create circuits to solve a circuits to solve a problem using NAND simplest forms; create circuits to solve a problem using NAND or NOR gates to or NOR gates to replicate all logic problem using NAND or NOR gates to replicate all logic functions; and make functions; and make comparisons with replicate all logic functions; and make comparisons with standard combinational standard combinational logic solutions to comparisons with standard combinational logic solutions to determine amount of determine amount of resource reduction. logic solutions to determine amount of resource reduction. Performance needs The student can independently solve resource reduction. Application of further development and supervision. problems and is self-directed. knowledge and skills is thorough and effective, and the student can work independently. Standard: 8 Circuit Design, Binary Addition, and Subtraction ET.S.DE.8 Students will: design, construct, and troubleshoot solutions to electronic design problems. control the flow of data in logic circuits. create programs for programmable logic devices. design circuits using binary addition and subtraction. Objectives Students will ET.O.DE.8.1 restate and simplify a digital design problem as part of the systematic approach to solving a problem. ET.O.DE.8.2 design, construct, build, troubleshoot, and evaluate a solution to a design problem. ET.O.DE.8.3 present an oral report presenting a solution and evaluation of a design problem. ET.O.DE.8.4 discover the code to create numbers on a seven segment display by experimentation. ET.O.DE.8.5 design a circuit to control a seven segment display with a decimal to BCD encoder and a display driver. ET.O.DE.8.6 control the flow of data by utilizing Multiplexers and Demultiplexers. ET.O.DE.8.7 design and implement combinational logic circuits using reprogrammable logic devices. ET.O.DE.8.8 create PLD logic files that define combinational circuit designs using Boolean expressions. ET.O.DE.8.9 use logic compiler software to create JEDEC files for programming PLDs. ET.O.DE.8.10 create and prove the truth table for both half and full adders. ET.O.DE 8.11 design, construct, and test adder circuits using both discrete gates and MSI gates. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.8) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in circuit design, standard in circuit design, binary addition, standard in circuit design, binary binary addition, and subtraction. The and subtraction. The student can do the addition, and subtraction. The student student can do the following with notable following with no errors: restate and can do the following with few errors: errors: restate and simplify a digital simplify a digital design problem as part restate and simplify a digital design design problem as part of the systematic of the systematic approach to solving a problem as part of the systematic approach to solving a problem; design, problem; design, construct, build, approach to solving a problem; design, construct, build, troubleshoot ,and troubleshoot, and evaluate a solution to a construct, build, troubleshoot, and evaluate a solution to a design problem; design problem; present an oral report evaluate a solution to a design problem; present an oral report presenting a presenting a solution and evaluation of a present an oral report presenting a solution and evaluation of a design design problem; discover the code to solution and evaluation of a design problem; discover the code to create create numbers on a seven segment problem; discover the code to create numbers on a seven segment display by display by experimentation; design a numbers on a seven segment display by experimentation; design a circuit to circuit to control a seven segment display experimentation; design a circuit to control a seven segment display with a with a decimal to BCD encoder and a control a seven segment display with a decimal to BCD encoder and a display display driver; control the flow of data by decimal to BCD encoder and a display driver; control the flow of data by utilizing utilizing Multiplexers and Demultiplexers; driver; control the flow of data by utilizing Multiplexers and Demultiplexers; design design and implement combinational Multiplexers and Demultiplexers; design and implement combinational logic logic circuits using reprogrammable logic and implement combinational logic circuits using reprogrammable logic devices; create PLD logic files that define circuits using reprogrammable logic devices; create PLD logic files that define combinational circuit designs using devices; create PLD logic files that define combinational circuit designs using Boolean expressions; use logic compiler combinational circuit designs using Boolean expressions; use logic compiler software to create JEDEC files for Boolean expressions; use logic compiler software to create JEDEC files for programming PLDs; create and prove the software to create JEDEC files for programming PLDs; create and prove the truth table for both half and full adders; programming PLDs; create and prove the truth table for both half and full adders; and design, construct, and test adder truth table for both half and full adders; and design, construct, and test adder circuits using both discrete gates and and design, construct, and test adder circuits using both discrete gates and MSI gates. The student can circuits using both discrete gates and MSI gates. Performance needs further independently solve problems and is self- MSI gates. Application of knowledge and development and supervision. directed. skills is thorough and effective, and the student can work independently. Standard: 9 Introduction to Sequential Logic ET.S.DE.9 Students will assemble circuits and compile information about the various applications of flip-flop circuits. Objectives Students will ET.O.DE.9.1 construct and test simple latches and flip-flops from discrete gates. ET.O.DE.9.2 interpret, design, draw, and evaluate circuits using the logic symbols for latches and flip-flops. ET.O.DE.9.3 interpret waveform diagrams from circuits then construct and compare them with combinational waveforms. ET.O.DE 9.4 compare and contrast operation of synchronous with asynchronous flip-flop circuits. ET.O.DE.9.5 create and interpret timing diagrams and truth tables for J-K Flip-Flops. ET.O.DE.9.6 select the appropriate types of triggers used by latches and flip-flops and use one in the design of a circuit. ET.O.DE.9.7 analyze timing diagrams that reflect triggering to identify distinguishing characteristics. ET.O.DE.9.8 conduct experiments with clock pulse width to determine the effect on the accuracy of data transmission. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.9) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in introduction to standard in introduction to sequential standard in introduction to sequential sequential logic. The student can do the logic. The student can do the following logic. The student can do the following following with notable errors: construct with no errors: construct and test simple with few errors: construct and test and test simple latches and flip-flops latches and flip-flops from discrete gates; simple latches and flip-flops from discrete from discrete gates; interpret, design, interpret, design, draw, and evaluate gates; interpret, design, draw, and draw and evaluate circuits using the logic circuits using the logic symbols for evaluate circuits using the logic symbols symbols for latches and flip-flops; latches and flip-flops; interpret waveform for latches and flip-flops; interpret interpret waveform diagrams from circuits diagrams from circuits then construct and waveform diagrams from circuits then then construct and compare them with compare them with combinational construct and compare them with combinational waveforms; compare and waveforms; compare and contrast combinational waveforms; compare and contrast operation of synchronous with operation of synchronous with contrast operation of synchronous with asynchronous flip-flop circuits; create asynchronous flip-flop circuits; create and asynchronous flip-flop circuits; create and interpret timing diagrams and truth interpret timing diagrams and truth tables and interpret timing diagrams and truth tables for J-K Flip-Flops; select the for J-K Flip-Flops; select the appropriate tables for J-K Flip-Flops; select the appropriate types of triggers used by types of triggers used by latches and flip- appropriate types of triggers used by latches and flip-flops and use one in the flops and use one in the design of a latches and flip-flops and use one in the design of a circuit; analyze timing circuit; analyze timing diagrams that design of a circuit; analyze timing diagrams that reflect triggering to identify reflect triggering to identify distinguishing diagrams that reflect triggering to identify distinguishing characteristics; and characteristics; and conduct experiments distinguishing characteristics; and conduct experiments with clock pulse with clock pulse width to determine the conduct experiments with clock pulse width to determine the effect on the effect on the accuracy of data width to determine the effect on the accuracy of data transmission. transmission. The student can accuracy of data transmission. Performance needs further development independently solve problems and is self- Application of knowledge and skills is and supervision. directed. thorough and effective, and the student can work independently. Standard: 10 Shift Registers and Counters ET.S.DE.10 Students will: determine how shift registers work. examine the concept of synchronous and asynchronous Mod counters. Objectives Students will ET.O.DE.10.1 conduct experiments to determine the basic principles of how shift registers work. ET.O.DE.10.2 evaluate the use of shift registers in product design and the speeds at which those products run. ET.O.DE.10.3 create a circuit using discrete flip-flops to discover the operation and characteristics of asynchronous counters. ET.O.DE.10.4 design, simulate, build, and test Mod counters using discrete gates. ET.O.DE.10.5 design, simulate, build, and test synchronous and asynchronous Mod counters using an integrated counter chip (MSI). Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.10) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in shift registers standard in shift registers and counters. standard in shift registers and counters. and counters. The student can do the The student can do the following with no The student can do the following with few following with notable errors: conduct errors: conduct experiments to errors: conduct experiments to experiments to determine the basic determine the basic principles of how determine the basic principles of how principles of how shift registers work; shift registers work; evaluate the use of shift registers work; examine the use of describe the use of shift registers in shift registers in product design and the shift registers in product design and the product design and the speeds at which speeds at which those products run; speeds at which those products run; those products run; create a circuit using create a circuit using discrete flip-flops to create a circuit using discrete flip-flops to discrete flip-flops to discover the discover the operation and discover the operation and operation and characteristics of characteristics of asynchronous counters; characteristics of asynchronous asynchronous counters; design, design, simulate, build, and test Mod counters; design, simulate, build, and simulate, build, and test Mod counters counters using discrete gates; and test Mod counters using discrete gates; using discrete gates; and design, design, simulate, build, and test and design, simulate, build, and test simulate, build, and test synchronous synchronous and asynchronous Mod synchronous and asynchronous Mod and asynchronous Mod counters using counters using an integrated counter chip counters using an integrated counter chip an integrated counter chip (MSI). (MSI). The student can independently (MSI). Application of knowledge and Performance needs further development solve problems and is self- directed. skills is thorough and effective, and the and supervision. student can work independently. Standard: 11 Families and Specifications ET.S.DE.11 Students will examine logic families and specification sheets. Objectives Students will ET.O.DE.11.1 interpret the graphs, charts, and written materials contained in a data sheet. ET.O.DE.11.2 use an oscilloscope to observe and measure propagation delay in a digital circuit. ET.O.DE.11.3 define, calculate, and measure noise margin, drive capabilities, fan-out, and propagation delay. ET.O.DE.11.4 examine safety precautions for handling CMOS chips. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.11) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in families and standard in families and specifications. standard in families and specifications. specifications. The student can label the The student can analyze the graphs, The student can interpret the graphs, graphs, charts, and written materials charts, and written materials contained in charts, and written materials contained in contained in a data sheet; use an a data sheet; use an oscilloscope to a data sheet; use an oscilloscope to oscilloscope to observe and measure observe and measure propagation delay observe and measure propagation delay propagation delay in a digital circuit; in a digital circuit; define, calculate, and in a digital circuit; define, calculate, and define, calculate, and measure noise measure noise margin, drive capabilities, measure noise margin, drive capabilities, margin, drive capabilities, fan-out, and fan-out, and propagation delay with no fan-out, and propagation delay with few propagation delay with notable errors; errors; and evaluate safety precautions errors; and examine safety precautions and identify safety precautions for for handling CMOS chips. The student for handling CMOS chips. Application of handling CMOS chips. Performance can independently solve problems and is knowledge and skills is thorough and needs further development and self-directed. effective, and the student can work supervision. independently. Standard: 12 Microprocessors ET.S.DE.12 Students will: examine how to create programs to evaluate data and make decisions. create programming to control stepper motors. Objectives Students will ET.O.DE.12.1 formulate a flow chart to correctly apply basic programming concepts in planning a project. ET.O.DE.12.2 create a program, using correct syntax, to evaluate data and make decisions based on information gathered from the environment using external digital and analog sensors. ET.O.DE.12.3 create an interface to inspect, evaluate, and manage program parameters in a microprocessor during the operation of a program. ET.O.DE.12.4 create a program in correct syntax allowing a microprocessor to evaluate external data in order to operate motors and other devices to control the external environment. ET.O.DE.12.5 select, size, and implement interface devices to control external devices. ET.O.DE.12.6 create programming to control the position of stepper motors. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.12) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in standard in microprocessors. The standard in microprocessors. The microprocessors. The student can do student can do the following with no student can do the following with few the following with notable errors: errors: formulate a flow chart to correctly errors: formulate a flow chart to correctly formulate a flow chart to correctly apply apply basic programming concepts in apply basic programming concepts in basic programming concepts in planning planning a project; create a program, planning a project; create a program, a project; create a program, using correct using correct syntax, to evaluate data using correct syntax, to evaluate data syntax, to evaluate data and make and make decisions based on and make decisions based on decisions based on information gathered information gathered from the information gathered from the from the environment using external environment using external digital and environment using external digital and digital and analog sensors; create an analog sensors; create an interface to analog sensors; create an interface to interface to inspect, evaluate, and inspect, evaluate, and manage program inspect, evaluate, and manage program manage program parameters in a parameters in a microprocessor during parameters in a microprocessor during microprocessor during the operation of a the operation of a program; create a the operation of a program; create a program; create a program in correct program in correct syntax allowing a program in correct syntax allowing a syntax allowing a microprocessor to microprocessor to evaluate external data microprocessor to evaluate external data evaluate external data in order to operate in order to operate motors and other in order to operate motors and other motors and other devices to control the devices to control the external devices to control the external external environment; select, size, and environment; select, size, and implement environment; select, size, and implement implement interface devices to control interface devices to control external interface devices to control external external devices; and create devices; and create programming to devices; and create programming to programming to control the position of control the position of stepper motors. control the position of stepper motors. stepper motors. Performance needs The student can independently solve Application of knowledge and skills is further development and supervision. problems and is self-directed. thorough and effective, and the student can work independently. Standard: 13 Participating in the Student Organization ET.S.DE.13 Students will participate in a local student organization. Objectives Students will ET.O.DE.13.1 assess the purpose and goals of student organizations. ET.O.DE.13.2 demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities such as meetings, programs, projects, and competitions. ET.O.DE.13.3 evaluate the benefits and responsibilities of participation in student, professional, and civic organizations as an adult. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.DE.13) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in participating in standard in participating in the student standard in participating in the student the student organization. The student organization. The student can assess organization. The student can examine can identify the purpose and goals of a the purpose and goals of a student the purpose and goals of a student student organization; demonstrate organization; demonstrate leadership organization; demonstrate leadership leadership skills through reading about skills through participation in student skills through reporting about student student organizations activities such as organizations activities such as organizations activities such as meetings, programs, projects, and meetings, programs, projects, and meetings, programs, projects, and competitions; and define the benefits and competitions; and evaluate the benefits competitions; and examine the benefits responsibilities of participation in student, and responsibilities of participation in and responsibilities of participation in professional, and civic organizations as student, professional, and civic student, professional, and civic an adult. Performance needs further organizations as an adult. The student organizations as an adult. Application of development and supervision. can independently solve problems and is knowledge and skills is thorough and self-directed. effective, and the student can work independently. Standard: 14 Literacy and Numeracy ET.S.ED.14 Students will demonstrate the literacy and numeracy skills required to solve complex, real-world problems associated with their career/technical content area and improve their thinking and reasoning skills. Objectives Students will ET.O.ED.14.1 utilize a variety of technical sources (e.g., Internet, manuals, journals, directions, reports, etc.) to complete career/technical assignments and projects. ET.O.ED.14.2 demonstrate writing skills required to complete career/technical assignments and projects. ET.O.ED.14.3 demonstrate accuracy in calculating and measuring graphical work required to complete career/technical assignments and projects. ET.O.ED.14.4 analyze tables, charts, graphs and multiple data sources to complete career/technical assignments and projects. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.ED.14) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application a thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in literacy and standard in literacy and numeracy. The standard in literacy and numeracy. The numeracy. The student selects a variety student chooses a variety of technical student utilizes a variety of technical of technical sources (e.g., Internet, sources (e.g., Internet, manuals, sources (e.g., Internet, manuals, manuals, journals, directions, reports, journals, directions, reports, etc.) to journals, directions, reports, etc.) to etc.) to complete career/technical complete career/technical assignments complete career/technical assignments assignments and projects; reproduces and projects; performs writing skills and projects; demonstrates writing skills writing skills required to complete required to complete career/technical required to complete career/technical career/technical assignments and assignments and projects; assignments and projects; projects; illustrates accuracy in communicates accuracy in calculating demonstrates accuracy in calculating calculating and measuring graphical work and measuring graphical work required and measuring graphical work required required to complete career/technical to complete career/technical to complete career/technical assignments and projects; and explains assignments and projects; and assignments and projects; and tables, charts, graphs and multiple data evaluates tables, charts, graphs and analyzes tables, charts, graphs and sources to complete career/technical multiple data sources to complete multiple data sources to complete assignments and projects. Performance career/technical assignments and career/technical assignments and needs further development and projects. The student can independently projects. Application of knowledge and supervision. solve problems and is self-directed. skills is thorough and effective and the student can work independently. Standard: 15 21st Century Learning Skills ET.S.ED.15 The student will access and manipulate information for use in oral, written, or multimedia format using appropriate technology skills. apply sound reasoning processes to solve complex real-world problems and develop new ideas. exhibit leadership and ethical behavior in planning and executing tasks, as an individual or a group member. Objectives Students will ET.O.ED.15.1 search online using a range of technology tools and media to access relevant information needed for problem solving. ET.O.ED.15.2 create information for oral, written, and multimedia communications, adhering to copyright laws. ET.O.ED.15.3 engage in problem solving and critical thinking processes to create and evaluate complex strategies in order to independently solve problems. ET.O.ED.15.4 adapt to new situations by considering multiple perspectives and a commitment to continued learning. ET.O.ED.15.5 exhibit ethical behavior and positive leadership while working collaboratively in the school and/or community. ET.O.ED.15.6 model legal and ethical behaviors in the use of technology. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.ED.15) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application a thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in 21st century standard in 21st century learning skills. st standard in 21 century learning skills. learning skills. The student explains The student assesses online technology The student searches online using a online technology tools and media to tools and media to access relevant range of technology tools and media to access relevant information needed for information needed for problem solving; access relevant information needed for problem solving; identifies information for critiques information for oral, written, andproblem solving; creates information for oral, written, and multimedia multimedia communications, adhering to oral, written, and multimedia communications, adhering to copyright copyright laws; integrates problem communications, adhering to copyright laws; discusses problem solving and solving and critical thinking processes to laws; engages in problem solving and critical thinking processes to create and create and evaluate complex strategies critical thinking processes to create and evaluate complex strategies in order to in order to independently solve evaluate complex strategies in order to independently solve problems; discusses problems; interprets new situations by independently solve problems; adapts new situations by considering multiple considering multiple perspectives and a to new situations by considering perspectives and a commitment to commitment to continued learning; multiple perspectives and a continued learning; reviews ethical incorporates ethical behavior and commitment to continued learning; behavior and positive leadership while positive leadership while working exhibits ethical behavior and positive working collaboratively in the school collaboratively in the school and/or leadership while working collaboratively and/or community; and describes legal community; and reinforces legal and in the school and/or community; and and ethical behaviors in the use of ethical behaviors in the use of models legal and ethical behaviors in technology. Performance needs further technology. The student can the use of technology. Application of development and supervision. independently solve problems and is knowledge and skills is thorough and self-directed. effective and the student can work independently. Standard: 16 Entrepreneurship Skills ET.S.ED.16 Students will access the opportunities, concepts, processes, and personal traits/behaviors associated with successful entrepreneurial performance. Objectives Students will ET.O.ED.16.1 assess global trends in entrepreneurship that are related to their career/technical program. ET.O.ED.16.2 determine entrepreneurial opportunities in venture creation related to their career/technical program. ET.O.ED.16.3 examine desirable entrepreneurial personality traits. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.ED.16) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application a thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in standard in entrepreneurship skills. The standard in entrepreneurship skills. The entrepreneurship skills. The student lists student critiques global trends in student assesses global trends in global trends in entrepreneurship that are entrepreneurship that are related to their entrepreneurship that are related to related to their career/technical program; career/technical program; evaluates their career/technical program; describes entrepreneurial opportunities in entrepreneurial opportunities in venture determines entrepreneurial venture creation related to their creation related to their career/technical opportunities in venture creation related career/technical program; and identifies program; and assesses desirable to their career/technical program; and desirable entrepreneurial personality entrepreneurial personality traits. The examines desirable entrepreneurial traits. Performance needs further student can independently solve personality traits. Application of development and supervision. problems and is self-directed. knowledge and skills is thorough and effective and the student can work independently.