ATM by rajeshadhikari13


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ATM stands for Automated Teller Machine. It is a latest technology in world providing by the banks to their
customer to withdraw cash immediately at any place. Now a day's in Nepal also it is most familiar to all the
people. It is electrical use switching technology that organies digital data into 53-byte cell units and transmits
them over a physical medium using digital signal technology. Individually, a cell is processed a
synchronously relative to other related cells and is queued before being multiplexed over the transmission

It is designed to be easily implemented by hardware rather than software, faster processing and switch
speeds are possible. The prespecified bit rates are either 155.520Mbps or 622.080Mbps. Speeds on ATM
networks can reach 10 Gbps. Along with synchronous optical networks and several other technologies; ATM
is a key component of broadband ISDN.
It is also known as a machine that bank customers use to make transactions without a human teller.

There are a growing number of banks that are providing free ATM cards to their customer. The customer
who withdraw amount from the customer who have the account in that bank ATM can't cut the amount if
customer are taking from other banking at that time bank are take some amount from customer account.
From this kind of facility customer feel easy and they don't have to carry many amounts if they are going
from one place to another place. Customers feel easy from robbing. Such facilities are providing their
customer 24hr's they can take their money. In Nepal this facility was started from 1999. In this ATM machine
people can take money by inserting card and and they should follow the rules and they can enter their pin
number and they can withdraw their needed money easily. In Nepal at one time only Fifty Thousand
amounts can draw by one person.

Historically, most banks have allowed their own customers to access their accounts with the bank for free
while changing non-customers for use of their ATM. This gave banks with a large branch network a
competitive advantage as banking with that bank offered the convenience of a greater number of free ATMs
around the town. However branches are expensive to build and maintain and banks with few or no branches
soon found that by reimbursing the fees charged to their customers when the customers use ATMs
belonging to other banks, they could again the same.Competitive advantage at a much lower cost. Further,
this cost could be contained by capping the amount of the fee reimbursed per transaction and or the number
of transaction per month.

According to the banking with USAA Federal savings Bank which from it's beginnings a few decades ago
has had customers world-wide but only one office at the USAA headquarters in San Antonio, Texas.
Originally, deposits were made via mail or wire transfer and cash with draw as through other bank ATMs
with USAA reimbursing the ATMs. Other banks, especially internet banks, have since followed suit and
many now offer reimbursement of ATM fees.

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