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Strategic Action Plan

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					           Strategic Action Plan
                            of
the Ministry of Education, Thailand




       Strengthening access to education for all
          Establishing an efficient system of
                   quality education
  Raising educational standard to enhance Thailand’s
       competitiveness in the international arena



Presented to Officials of the Ministry of Education, Thailand
 at the Bangkok International Trade and Exhibition Center
                           (BITEC)
                       March 18, 2004
                        Contents

                                                           Page
Foreword                                                      i
Chart: Strategic Action Plan of the Ministry of
       Education                                             ii
Vision                                                       1
Mission                                                      1
Goals                                                        1
Strategic issues                                             1
Tasks                                                        2
1. Creating educational opportunities                        2
   1.1 Realization of equity and increasing access to
       basic education services                              2
   1.2 Strengthening vocational education                    4
   1.3 Strengthening higher education                        5
   1.4 Strengthening public lifelong learning                7
2. Developing management and learning quality                8
   2.1 Learning reform for knowledge-based
       livelihood                                            8
   2.2 Strengthening capacity of teachers, faculty staff
       and educational personnel                            11
   2.3 Strengthening management system for quality
       learning                                        13
   2.4 Resources management for education              15
3. Raising Educational Standard and increasing
   national competitive capability                     17
   3.1 Developing educational standard equal to that
       enjoyed by developed countries                  17
   3.2 Increasing capacity for research and
       development                                     20
   3.3 Developing innovations and technologies         21
Epilogue                                               22
                               -i-

                       Foreword
       In announcing the Strategic Action Plan, the Ministry
of Education wishes to reiterate its resolve to accelerate
education reform in a systematic manner. The translation of
the reform measures into action will be based on
coordination and collective efforts of its core agencies which
will be interlinked, resulting in attainment of the desired
goals.

       The Ministry of Education has organized a forum to
present the Strategic Action Plan with the view to clarifying
pertinent issues to all parties concerned, so that they will
have a clear understanding of the direction of the functioning
of the Ministry. Subsequently the strategies will be
harmoniously implemented.

       I would like to take this opportunity to thank all
involved for their dedicated efforts towards building a
knowledge-based society in which competent and ethical
people live in harmony.

                        Sgd.     Adisai Bodharamik

                                 Adisai Bodharamik
                                Minister of Education
                         Vision
        The Ministry of Education is a leading agency
entrusted with the task of providing education for the Thai
people. The main objective of strengthening education is to
empower the people to attain quality and capacity for self-
development. They will thus be able to contribute to
building a knowledge-based society and economic
development and enhancing Thailand’s competitiveness in
the international arena.

                        Mission
       1. Strengthening access to education for all;
       2. Establishing an efficient system of quality
          education; and
       3. Raising educational standard to enhance
          Thailand’s competitiveness at the international
          level.

                          Goals
       1. All people are given equal access to education on
          a continuous basis;
       2. People are     endowed with       knowledge,
          competence and ethical values, contributing to
          economic development and building a
          knowledge-based society; and
       3. Increased national competitive capability.
                   Strategic issues
       1. Creating educational opportunities;
       2. Developing management and learning quality;
          and
       3. Raising educational standard and increasing
          national competitive capability.

                          Tasks
1. Creating educational opportunities

   1.1 Realization of equity and increasing access to
       basic education services

       1.1.1   Opportunity assurance and realization of
               equal access to education
                Service expansion to cover all areas and all
target groups through models suitable to learners and areas
with special characteristics (provision of boarding schools,
mobile classrooms, branch classrooms; establishing or
expanding classrooms);
                Providing education for the disabled and
the disadvantaged;
               Strengthening early childhood education
and encouraging transition to upper secondary education;
                Organizing   school    mapping      and
Geographical Information System (GIS) in all educational
service areas;
                Providing      scholarships    and    other
necessities (essay-writing scholarships, school bus services,
bicycles on loan);
                Setting an effective system for transition to
further education level;
               Campaigning on parents to support their
children to complete the 9-year compulsory education as a
minimum;
               Annulling and improving rules              and
regulations hampering admission to schools; and
                   Subsidizing 14-year basic education.

       1.1.2      Encouraging and supporting all social
                  segments to participate in educational
                  provision
                Transferring of schools to be under
jurisdiction of local administrative authorities which are
prepared for the transfer;
                Readiness     preparation   for    local
administrative authorities for educational provision and
participation;
               Preparation for recognition of education
provided by home school;
                   Supporting education provided by the
private sector;
                Support for education networks in terms of
academic strengthening, subsidy and provision of teachers in
fields in which there is a shortage of instructors;
                Providing infrastructural support           for
educational institutions to reach the standard required;
                 Building confidence and motivation for the
private sector to provide educational services;
               Providing for transfer of learning outcomes
and experiences; and
                Promoting     non-formal     and    informal
education.

   1.2 Strengthening of vocational education

       1.2.1   Creating and promoting appreciation of
               values of professional education
               Creating career path for vocational
graduates and providing guarantee for employment;
                Educational guidance for career path;
               Public campaign for changing attitude
towards professional education;
               Promoting and developing modern
professions (e.g. 5 categories of food production,
automobile, tourism, jewelry, and software);
                 Transfer of experience and strengthening
of qualifications acquisition for all target groups;
               Availing of local wisdom in vocational
education development;
                Strengthening links between               basic,
vocational and higher education systems; and
              Creating occupations and providing
supplementary jobs to solve social problems of poverty/
unemployment/disability.

       1.2.2   Provision and expansion of opportunities
               for professional education on a wide scale
               and on a continuous basis
                Providing lower and higher vocational
education certificate courses (workplace learning);
               Organizing short courses, training and
professional development (Projects 9+1, 12+1, Sufficiency
Economy); and
                Organizing     a   dual   education   system
(school/factory).

       1.2.3   Encouraging and supporting the private
               sector to invest in vocational education
                Expanding      dual   vocational    education
system;
                 Encouraging the private sector to expand
its vocational education services;
               Strengthening        existing       vocational
education provided by the private sector;
                 Streamlining legislations, rules and
regulations to facilitate educational investment by the private
sector;
                 Strengthening educational networks run by
the private sector; and
                Encouraging cross-institutional registration
by students.

       1.2.4   Opening technological or practical courses
               at bachelor’s degree level

   1.3 Strengthening higher education

       1.3.1   Providing     opportunities      at    higher
               education level
                Improving selection system (including
higher percentage for GPA);
                 Empowering the Rajabhat Institutes to
offer local services;
                Direct admission of students by local
higher education institutions;
                 Encouraging interlinking of services
provided by the Rajamangala Institute of Technology to
those of other higher education institutions and attuning such
services to regional industrial development;
                Encouraging cross-institutional registration
by students;
                Expansion of community colleges;
               Subsidizing the “One District One
Scholarship Project” (for bachelor’s degree study in Thailand
or abroad);
              Accelerating implementation of the Income
Contingency Loan Scheme; and
                Admission of students through advance
placement.

       1.3.2   Establishing and expanding university
               campuses to the regions
                Establishing collaborative networks of
higher education institutions;
                Supporting joint graduate programmes;
and
                Preparation of university mapping.
       1.3.3   Manpower production to serve national
               needs
              Emphasis on research and development
(promoting joint research between students and faculty
staff);
                Production of new entrepreneurs;
                Manpower production in the fields
enhancing national competitive capacity, targeting at an
increase of at least 10 categories of goods and services
(automobile parts, textile, precious stones and jewelry,
software, tourist industry, food and agricultural products,
rubber and related products, wooden furniture, medical
service centres, health products etc. and other categories
contributing to national development).

       1.3.4   Health care services for research purposes

       1.3.5   Building confidence and motivating the
               private sector to provide higher education
                 Strengthening network of private higher
education institutions.

   1.4 Strengthening public lifelong learning

       1.4.1   Developing continuing          education       and
               lifelong learning
                Strengthening       literacy,   professional
development, life skills, community and society;
               Promoting education provided by private
schools and non-formal education;
                 Creating new         occupations   for     those
registered on the list of the poor;
                Providing      long     distance    non-formal
education;
                Developing learning sources and Thai
wisdom; and
                Developing community learning process.

       1.4.2   Academic services for society
                Promoting Knowledge Park;
                Providing learning sources for different
professions to strengthen community economy;
                Providing community with knowledge;
                Developing library services and learning
sources;
              Encouraging schools             to    serve      as
community learning sources; and
                Promoting and enriching Thai art and
culture.

2. Developing management and learning quality

   2.1 Learning reform for knowledge-based livelihood

       2.1.1   Improving curriculum and learning media
               Developing school curriculum, integration
and     implementation  (emphasis    on    activity-based
curriculum);
                Developing higher education curriculum,
linked with those of basic and vocational education;
                Developing curriculum for SME courses
for vocational stream students;
                Adjusting GPA standard for equalization
purpose;
              Developing up-to-date learning media and
producing model media for teaching and learning of English,
Maths etc.;
               Developing and expanding cooperative
education courses; and
                Creating new professions to serve the
needs of labour markets, entrepreneurs and the local areas.

       2.1.2   Strengthening learning       provision   and
               learning standard
                Promoting rational thinking skills;
                Campaign for acquisition of reading habit;
               Developing learning of young children;
                Creating relationship between home and
school; assistance for students with below standard learning
outcomes;
               Setting a national test system;
                 Improving    educational         evaluation   of
students at various levels;
               Creating      and     developing       evaluation
networks;
                Raising achievement standard for the 8
groups of learning areas;
               Implementing           educational          quality
assurance;
               Developing          learning       models       for
occupation;
                 Assuring employment for graduates of the
professional stream;
               Developing learner-centred approach;
                Creating professional competency and
technical and vocational qualifications (TVQ);
                Evaluating professional standard of private
vocational students;
               Adopting the          tripartite     system     for
vocational education reform;
               Acquiring skills for professional areas of
excellence;
                Research and development on educational
provision and new learning models;
                Research      and      development       for
occupations;
               Professional development between schools
and occupational learning sources;
                Creating occupations and promote income
earning while studying;
                Promotion of learning based on the
principles advocated in the projects under the Royal
Initiatives; and
              Promoting educational institutions at all
levels to develop their innovations/outstanding products
(One School One Innovation: One School One Product).

       2.1.3   Promotion of moral and ethical values
                Setting a system to inculcate spiritual
values in students; creating student-teacher care and concern
(solving problems of drug abuse, risk behaviour and
undesirable teenage behaviour);
                  Promoting camp activities, music, sport
and recreation (vocational gentlemen’s camp, volunteers’
camp for development, moral and spiritual camp, boy scout,
girl guide, red cross youth, territorial defense and various
clubs; promoting student sport within and among educational
institutions etc.);
                Planting vocational seedlings;
                 Strengthening Young Ambassador of
Virtue activities, virtue savings bank, website of heroes of
the land; and
              Encouraging educational institutions to
serve as community sport centres.

        2.1.4    Developing innovations and ICTs for
                 learning
                Strengthening learning media production
through ICTs (e-Learning);
                  Developing     applied     programmes      for
learning;
                  Transforming     libraries     into    Living
Libraries;
                  Promoting wide use of Ed-Net and UniNet;
                  Developing     Thai      university   libraries
(ThaiLis); and
                  Expanding professional and technological
mobiles.

    2.2 Strengthening capacity of teachers, faculty staff
        and educational personnel

        2.2.1    Raising professional standard of teachers,
                 faculty staff and educational personnel
                Standard and ethics of the teaching
profession (issuing and withdrawal of teaching license);
                  Producing new type of teachers (5-year
course); and
                Research        development     on    teaching
profession standard.

          2.2.2   Developing     personnel      administration
                  system
               Setting criteria for personnel administration
and for personnel advancement;
                Setting up a body to serves as committee
for personnel administration;
                Research and development on personnel
administration; and
                   Developing information system on staff
strength.

          2.2.3   Encouraging and supporting development
                  of teachers, faculty staff and educational
                  personnel
                Setting criteria for teaching staff to transfer
to administrative line;
                   Strengthening teaching-learning skills;
                   Promoting disciplines, moral and ethical
values;
                   Promoting Thai wisdom teachers;
                Creating networks for development of
teachers and educational personnel in the educational service
areas; and
                Subsidizing for educational and training
scholarships both within and outside of the country.
         2.2.4   Setting and strengthening the systems for
                 remuneration, welfare and other benefits
                  Setting criteria for special additional
allowance;
               Setting    criteria        for     remunerating
outstanding achievements; and
                  Promoting welfare benefits for families of
the deceased.

         2.2.5   Enhancing the quality of life of teachers
                 and educational personnel
                  Strengthening job security;
                  Supporting housing project;
                  Special care for teachers in sensitive areas;
and
               Solving debt problems faced by teachers
and educational personnel.

      2.3 Strengthening management system for quality
          learning

         2.3.1   Strengthening     legislations,   rules   and
                 regulations
                Expediting entry into force of various
important Bills e.g.
                   - Vocational Education Bill
                   - Teachers and Educational Personnel
                     Education Organization Bill
                  -   Salaries, Qualifications Allowances
                      and Position Allowances of Teachers
                      and Educational Personnel Bill
                  -   Rajamangala Institute of Technology
                      Bill
                  -   Private Schools Bill
                  -   Bill for Establishing Institute of
                      Technologies for Education
                  -   Bill for Educational Loan
                  -   State-supervised Universities Bill
                                 etc.       etc.
                Expediting entry into force of legislations
and ministerial rules stipulated in the National Education Act
1999; and
                 Streamlining existing rules and regulations
in line with the education reform.

       2.3.2   Strengthening efficiency in educational
               administration
                   Reforming organization culture within
the Ministry of Education;
                 Strengthening     networks     for
organization management and school-based management;
and
                   Strengthening management of model
schools (Lab Schools, Bilingual Schools, ICT Model
Schools, State-supervised Schools, Buddhism-oriented
Schools, Schools for gifted students).

       2.3.3   Strengthening schools under the aegis of
               the Royal Initiative Projects
       2.3.4   Supporting transition of universities under
               the bureaucratic system to state-supervised
               universities

       2.3.5   Privatization of public schools

       2.3.6   Strengthening     ICT       application   for
               management
                Ed-Net;
                e-Office, GFMIS, MIS, GIS; and
                 Strengthening ministerial operating centres
at all levels (MOC, DOC).

       2.3.7   Strengthening system for            planning,
               monitoring and evaluation
              Creating information systems which are
harmonized and interlinked;
               Developing planning system aimed at
Strategy-based achievements;
                Setting   system    for    monitoring   and
evaluation;
               Strengthening internal audit aimed at
Strategy-based achievements; and
                 Strengthening reporting system to provide
rapid, correct and up-to-date information.

       2.3.8   Encouraging and supporting all agencies to
               carry out their tasks in accord with the
               principles and criteria of good governance
                Enhancing effectiveness of their missions;
                Enhancing efficiency in carrying out their
tasks; and
                Improving quality of the services provided.

   2.4 Resources management for education

       2.4.1   Encouraging common utilization of
               resources to enhance educational efficiency
                Encouraging mutually supportive tasks
among the 5 main agencies of the Ministry (teacher
development; repair and renovation of school premises;
constructing recreational facilities and playground for young
children);
                Common utilization of resources by
schools, higher educational institutions and others both
within and outside the Ministry;
                Rotation of resources; and
               Encouraging       local    participation    in
educational development.

       2.4.2   Developing and upgrading standard of
               educational institutions
                Accelerating distribution of computers to
all educational institutions, thus allowing 30% of primary
school students access to computers;
                Developing and raising the standard of
small schools (school bus service; mobile teaching units;
teacher rotation; sufficient provision of furniture, equipment
and supplies; repair of classroom buildings and auxiliary
premises);
                Improving school physical conditions i.e.
premises and infrastructure to have similar standard with
priority given to economy; setting new function-based
building standard;
                Streamlining evaluation methods and
evaluating quality of educational institutions at all levels;
                 Sharing and/or utilizing resources in accord
with the criteria of each agency;
               Setting standard criteria       of   different
agencies and educational institutions;
                Improving       physical    conditions     of
educational institutions for the disadvantaged and the
disabled as well as providing the necessary facilities; and
                Providing special treatment for special
target groups or areas.

3. Raising educational standard and increasing
   national competitive capability

   3.1 Developing educational standard equal to that of
       developed countries

       3.1.1   Strengthening educational cooperation
               with organizations within the country and
               international agencies
                 Cooperating with industrial councils,
private sector, and government agencies concerned to initiate
and promote investment in education;
                Cooperating     with       international
organizations and agencies (e.g. SEAMEO, UNESCO,
UNDP, UNICEF etc.) for mutual assistance; exchange of
specialists and academic achievements with neighbouring
and other countries;
              Strengthening educational ties with China
and Japan; and
                Liaising   with   Singapore   for   teacher
development.

       3.1.2   Providing scholarships for education,
               training and observation tours in other
               countries
                Providing funding support for education,
training and observation tours abroad for teachers, faculty
staff and educational personnel; and
               Enhancing knowledge and proficiency in
English language of teachers, faculty staff and educational
personnel.

       3.1.3   Cooperating with other countries in
               manpower production for niche markets
                Organizing international programmes to
support production of not less than 10 target goods
(automobile parts, textile, precious stones and jewelry,
software, tourist industry, food and agricultural products,
rubber and related products, wooden furniture, medical
service centres, health products etc.)

       3.1.4   Academic      exchanges     with      foreign
               educational institutions
                    Strengthening sister school system;
               International exchanges of teachers and
standards; and
                  International exchanges of students and
faculty staff.

        3.1.5    International academic competition
                Supporting         academic        Olympiads;
competition in the field of music, sport, art and others; and
                 Encouraging and supporting competition
for students’ inventions and products.

        3.1.6    Strengthening international programmes
                Opening         bilingual     programmes     in
educational institutions at all levels;
                Supporting joint courses with foreign
educational institutions;
                  Expanding courses of Thai educational
institutions in foreign countries; and
                Expanding campuses of Thai universities
in other countries.

        3.1.7    Production of bilingual textbooks and
                 educational media
                Producing textbooks           and   educational
media in at least two languages; and
              Promoting         translation   of    books   and
academic documents.
       3.1.8   Promoting Thailand to serve as educational
               centre of the neighbouring countries

       3.1.9   Promoting excellence and developing talent
                 Developing educational programmes for
gifted children;
                 Developing instruments for early detection
of gift and talent;
                 Promoting schools for those gifted in
music, sport, art, languages, Maths, Science etc.; and
                Promoting and supporting those highly
gifted in Science and Technology (IPST)

       3.1.10 Strengthening education of science and
              technology
                Strengthening science-oriented departments;
                Manpower production in science and
technology to serve the needs for national development;
               Organizing     contests   for   science   and
technology programmes;
                Organizing Maths contests; and
                 Organizing contests for top technologists in
2 inspectoral areas.

       3.1.11 Personnel development in the fields of
              Economics and International Relations
   3.2 Increasing capacity for research and development

       3.2.1   Developing and strengthening research
               work to attain international standard
                  Cooperating with other countries in regard
                   to research;
                Promoting research on various themes e.g.
Policy for resources management for education; Expanding
people’s networks for learning; Identifying strategies to
empower ASEAN countries in the field of education etc.;
and
               Research and development on transfer of
technology and local wisdom (OTOP, Hi-End).

       3.2.2   Producing professional researchers and
               providing resources for research
               Providing research funds          benefitting
national economic and social development;
                Producing professional researchers; and
                 Supporting higher education institutions in
transition to research-oriented institutions with the main
responsibility of producing researchers for the country.

       3.2.3   Enhancing state-private sector           joint
               research for commercial purposes
                Motivating the private sector to give
support in terms of research funds to provide added value to
local wisdom and technology; and
               Promoting state-private sector joint
research for producing goods of excellent standard in the
world market.

       3.2.4   Creating excellence in institutions        of
               graduate studies and in research

   3.3 Developing innovations and technologies

       3.3.1   Developing innovations and knowledge
                Strengthening the system and mechanism
of education; and
               Availing of ICTs to improve learning
media production.

       3.3.2   Promoting production of technologies and
               inventions of the young generation
                     Motivating for innovative inventions in
educational institutions

       3.3.3   Refining goods based on local wisdom,
               OTOPs and SME products to reach
               international standard




                        Epilogue
       The present world situation with constant changes
demands adaptation to attune ourselves to the unpredictable
and unforeseen circumstances. The Ministry of Education is
a large sized government agency, with numerous tasks and
equally large number of personnel, who have to familiarize
themselves with their responsibilities, work together at a fast
pace and share common objectives and values.

         Being an organization responsible for the learning of
the Thai people the Ministry of Education needs to adapt
itself and improve its strategies on a continuous basis.

        In presenting its Strategic Action Plan, the Ministry
of Education wishes to confirm to the public and all
segments of the Thai society the clear direction of its
functioning, based on unity of concepts and thoughts. It can
undoubtedly attune itself to the world changes. It takes this
opportunity to assert its capacity of providing national
education to lead the Thai people to their full development as
envisaged in the education reform efforts, which will result
in sustainable development of our country.

                       ____________

				
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