SNV is a Netherlands based international organisation with the capacity of
more than nine hundred advisors in 33 countries worldwide. As expressed
in its mission statement, SNV is dedicated to a society where all people
enjoy the freedom to pursue their own sustainable development. It
contributes to this by strengthening the capacity of local organisations.
SNV deliberately focuses on local organisations as these play a key role in
reducing poverty in a sustainable manner and improving the lives of the
poor. We therefore aim to support local actors to strengthen their
performance to effectively realise poverty reduction and good governance.

SNV has been working in the East and Southern Africa Region (ESA) since
the late 1960s. Today the ESA region covers nine countries: Ethiopia,
Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and

ESA is also looking into operating in other countries, such as Burundi and
Malawi in the course of 2008-2009. In this regard preliminary, preparatory
work will already commence in 2007.

Since 2007 the focus of SNV in ESA is to achieve impact in two main
areas, within which ESA has made strategic positioning choices:

  - Impact Area Increased access to and delivery of basic services
    Positioning choices:
       o Universal primary education, with a focus to quality and girls’
       o Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WaSH) and
       o Renewable Energy, with a focus on biogas;

  - Impact Area Sustainable and equitable production, income and
    employment (PIE)
    Positioning choices – Value Chains in
       o Oil seed,
       o Livestock,
       o Horticulture,
       o Non-timber forest products (NTFP) and
       o Pro-poor tourism (PPT).

Innovative space: Besides the above mentioned strategic positioning
choices, ESA has adopted four innovative areas to be piloted in a number
of countries: bio-fuel, vocational training, coffee and grains. Governance,
which includes gender, HIV/AIDS, peace building and sustainability, is
central to all we do. For measuring outcomes in governance, the Local
Governance Barometer, being developed under the umbrella of Impact
Alliance, will be applied. Governance indicators developed by Kauffman,
UNDP and other organisations also inform our practice. In ESA all countries
will have fully aligned their programmes with these strategic choices by the
end of 2008, incorporating four identified delivery channels and a focus
governance for empowerment:

  - Advisory services: this delivery channel is at the heart of SNV
    work. Through this channel SNV works with selected individual clients
    and client constellations to improve their direct performance in
    achieving impact and improving governance. These activities are
    based on a Memorandum of Understanding with specific (sets of)
    clients and more specific assignment contracts within such MoUs.

  - Knowledge development, networking and brokering: Although
    client-based this channel is different from advisory services in the
    sense that it a) aims at a broader audience than clients only and b)
    produces ‘knowledge results’ in the form of explicit knowledge,
    learning processes or networks of clients and others. It aims to
    enable local organisations and local capacity builders to access, apply
    and continuously renew knowledge.

   - Advocacy: SNV has taken up advocacy as a small but dedicated and
     coordinated activity at the regional and global level, with target
     audiences at national level as well. Its aim is to influence the
     thinking, decisions and actions of key national and international
     players in favour of effective local capacity development for impact,
     generically as well as in specific basic services sectors and value
     chains. In view of its very limited volume, the advocacy agenda is
     set at corporate level and executed by staff from different levels in
     the organisation as appropriate. The advocacy agenda is fed by the
     advisory practice and knowledge brokering activities, which in their
     turn are informed by the advocacy agenda.

   - Local capacity development fund as a pilot: The dominant
     ‘budget support’ modality in international aid, does not adequately
     address the demand-oriented capacity development of local actors.
     Therefore SNV wants to help increase access for local organisations
     to (sustainable) funding for capacity development in a way that
     empowers them and allows them to acquire tailor-made services
     geared towards their needs. For that SNV intends establishing a local
     capacity development funding mechanism (LCDF). This is a new and
     innovative ambition for SNV. Its approach in this activity will be
     further shaped in 2008 and 2009 on the basis of a limited number of
     specific pilots. It will not be managed through the regular field
     organisation of portfolio teams and country offices but through
     specific partnerships with other national and international
   -   Governance for empowerment: SNV embraces the UNDP
       definition of governance and explicitly recognises that for
       governance to serve poor people; their explicit empowerment is of
       key importance “Governance is the system of values, policies and
       institutions by which a society manages its economic, political and social
       affairs through interactions within and among the state, civil society and
       private sector. It is the way a society organises itself to make and
       implement decisions— achieving mutual understanding, agreement and
       action. It comprises the mechanisms and processes for citizens and groups
       to articulate their interests mediate their differences and exercise their
       legal rights and obligations. It is the rules, institutions and practices that
       set limits and provide incentives for individuals, organisations and firms.
       Governance, including its social, political and economic dimensions,
       operates at every level of human enterprise, be it the household, village,
       municipality, nation, region or globe”

       A ‘governance for empowerment’ perspective will be considered at
       each level (strategy development, MoU with client and in specific
       assignments) of SNV’s primary process and will inform analysis,
       action and assessment (AAA).

SNV recognises that it cannot act in isolation and that it needs
collaboration and strategic partnerships to maximise its contribution to
achieving impact. Among SNV most essential partnerships is that with the
Netherlands Department for International Cooperation (DGIS), which
provides a core subsidy. DGIS and SNV are aware that the micro-macro
divide hampers the effectiveness and efficiency of development
cooperation efforts. SNV wishes to use its unique position and outreach to
strengthen complementarity with international players and with DGIS in
particular. Through the independent and fundamentally different roles that
DGIS and SNV play they are well placed to mutually reinforce each other.
To this end SNV will a) systematically coordinate and dialogue with the
embassies of The Kingdom of The Netherlands (EKN) in countries where
The Netherlands has bilateral agreements, b) allocate a minimum of 50%
of the core subsidy in these countries to jointly agreed upon areas, c)
develop a common vision with EKN on these areas, d) monitor and
feedback information on implementation at the meso-level to the national
level and e) stimulate and facilitate discussions between actors at various
levels to bring out and reduce the micro-macro disconnect. In other
countries SNV will work to actively achieve complementarity with the
priorities of other major donors.

General Objective

The overall objective of the consultancy is to carry out a preliminary study
of possible areas of SNV intervention in Burundi over the coming two
years with regards to the identified regional positioning choices under the
two impact areas, four delivery channels and EKN complementary.

Specific Objectives

   Describe and analyse the priorities of development in Burundi and
    their possible relation to SNV ESA specific focus in PIE and BASE;
   Describe and analyse government, private sector and civil society
    organizations as well local capacity builders in ESA positioning
    choices that have potential to work with SNV, taking into account
    the four delivery channels (advisory services, Knowledge
    development, networking and brokering, Advocacy and local
    development fund as a pilot);
   Describe the existing and future programs of EKN in Burundi, and the
    complementarily aspects with SNV focus in PIE and BASE, taking into
    account also the emphasis of the Netherlands Ministry for Foreign
    Affairs in the four delivery channels ;
   Describe and analyse the context of development actors in Burundi
    (major donors, potential strategic partners and intervention areas, a
    special note regarding SNV corporate and regional partnerships: (for
    instance UNDP, Free Labelling Organisation, Impact Alliance, World
    Wildlife Fund, DGIS, World Business Council for Social Development,
    Agriterra,     Agriprofocus,    UN-World      Tourism     Organisation,
    UNIHABITAT) and Dutch NGOs.
   Describe and analyse the context of governance in Burundi
    (Kauffman indicators) also giving specific attention to gender, social
    inclusion and environment sustainability aspects.
   Propose a relevant entry point for SNV to start engagement, taking
    into account the strategic choices of the region and the
   Propose the best modality and structure of operating in Burundi
    taking into account SNV structure and possibilities (for instance, by
    first having a portfolio, or partnership with another organization or
    any other innovative way);
   Describe the modalities for international NGO like SNV to operate in a
    the country (country agreement modalities);
   Describe and analyse the risks of operating in Burundi and how the
    risks could be managed
   List relevant studies, documents, research papers available to inform
    any future strategy development, including list of knowledge based
    research and learning institutes; etc.
   List the main stakeholders consulted and identify those relevant for
    further discussion

Inputs, methods and responsibilities
In order to achieve the above, the consultant will undertake interviews
with main stakeholders in Burundi, including government, civil society and
private sectors.

The consultant will be part of a larger SNV team that will offer support and
advice. The report of the consultant will inform the team decision on the
modalities of operating in Burundi. The team will consist of:
  - Field mission
         o Consultant and
         o Charles Nach Mback, senior advisor on local governance
  - Introduction to SNV policies and strategies
         o Jean de Matha Ouédraogo, Country Director of SNV Rwanda,
         o Charles Nach Mback, senior advisor on local governance,
  - Debriefing and report approval
         o Jean de Matha Ouédraogo, Country Director of SNV Rwanda,
         o Charles Nach Mback, senior advisor on local governance,
         o Julia Ekong, Regional strategy senior advisor
         o François Sihimbiro, Value chain , senior advisor
         o A member of EKN will be invited to join the team

SNV Rwanda will:
  - Provide an introduction (documents and explanation) to the SNV
     approach, corporate and regional strategies as well as the corporate
     White papers and policy papers as way of preparation.
  - Facilitate access to SNV data and stakeholders by providing official
     notification to stakeholders where necessary.
  - Provide the logistic for the debriefing session and ensure the
     invitation for the participants
  - Provide transport and accommodation for the consultant within
     Burundi and Rwanda.

Expected results and delivery

   First draft of Preliminary study report by mid-December
   A debriefing session with SNV and EKN team by the first week of
   Final report with high standard by the second week of December.

Educational background: Relevant academic qualification and proven track
record in analytic studies of development issues

Experience and skills
   Working experience in Burundi or Great Lakes Region.
   Knowledge and understanding at strategic level of the international
    developmental sector, relevant actors and relevant developments
    concerning SNV ESA positioning choices
   Fluency in both French and English. ( The report should be produced
    in English)

Location and supervision

The consultant will carry out his/her fieldwork duties in Burundi under the
supervision of SNV Rwanda in collaboration with SNV ESA Region.


The   duration of the consultancy is fifteen (15) working days as follows:
      3-day preparation
      7-day field research in Burundi in collaboration with SNV RW team
      4-day writing the report
      1-day debriefing

Financial conditions

A consultancy fee of ….. /day will be paid. In addition SNV will reimburse
international travel expenses (including any airport transfers, visas, or
necessary airport or communication expenditure while travelling). A daily
subsistence allowance (per diem) will be in accordance with UNDP rates.

Intellectual property rights

The intellectual property rights belong to SNV.

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