PRELIMINARY STUDY FOR SNV INTERVENTION IN BURUNDI Context SNV is a Netherlands based international organisation with the capacity of more than nine hundred advisors in 33 countries worldwide. As expressed in its mission statement, SNV is dedicated to a society where all people enjoy the freedom to pursue their own sustainable development. It contributes to this by strengthening the capacity of local organisations. SNV deliberately focuses on local organisations as these play a key role in reducing poverty in a sustainable manner and improving the lives of the poor. We therefore aim to support local actors to strengthen their performance to effectively realise poverty reduction and good governance. SNV has been working in the East and Southern Africa Region (ESA) since the late 1960s. Today the ESA region covers nine countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. ESA is also looking into operating in other countries, such as Burundi and Malawi in the course of 2008-2009. In this regard preliminary, preparatory work will already commence in 2007. Since 2007 the focus of SNV in ESA is to achieve impact in two main areas, within which ESA has made strategic positioning choices: - Impact Area Increased access to and delivery of basic services (BASE) Positioning choices: o Universal primary education, with a focus to quality and girls’ education, o Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WaSH) and o Renewable Energy, with a focus on biogas; - Impact Area Sustainable and equitable production, income and employment (PIE) Positioning choices – Value Chains in o Oil seed, o Livestock, o Horticulture, o Non-timber forest products (NTFP) and o Pro-poor tourism (PPT). Innovative space: Besides the above mentioned strategic positioning choices, ESA has adopted four innovative areas to be piloted in a number of countries: bio-fuel, vocational training, coffee and grains. Governance, which includes gender, HIV/AIDS, peace building and sustainability, is central to all we do. For measuring outcomes in governance, the Local Governance Barometer, being developed under the umbrella of Impact Alliance, will be applied. Governance indicators developed by Kauffman, UNDP and other organisations also inform our practice. In ESA all countries will have fully aligned their programmes with these strategic choices by the end of 2008, incorporating four identified delivery channels and a focus governance for empowerment: - Advisory services: this delivery channel is at the heart of SNV work. Through this channel SNV works with selected individual clients and client constellations to improve their direct performance in achieving impact and improving governance. These activities are based on a Memorandum of Understanding with specific (sets of) clients and more specific assignment contracts within such MoUs. - Knowledge development, networking and brokering: Although client-based this channel is different from advisory services in the sense that it a) aims at a broader audience than clients only and b) produces ‘knowledge results’ in the form of explicit knowledge, learning processes or networks of clients and others. It aims to enable local organisations and local capacity builders to access, apply and continuously renew knowledge. - Advocacy: SNV has taken up advocacy as a small but dedicated and coordinated activity at the regional and global level, with target audiences at national level as well. Its aim is to influence the thinking, decisions and actions of key national and international players in favour of effective local capacity development for impact, generically as well as in specific basic services sectors and value chains. In view of its very limited volume, the advocacy agenda is set at corporate level and executed by staff from different levels in the organisation as appropriate. The advocacy agenda is fed by the advisory practice and knowledge brokering activities, which in their turn are informed by the advocacy agenda. - Local capacity development fund as a pilot: The dominant ‘budget support’ modality in international aid, does not adequately address the demand-oriented capacity development of local actors. Therefore SNV wants to help increase access for local organisations to (sustainable) funding for capacity development in a way that empowers them and allows them to acquire tailor-made services geared towards their needs. For that SNV intends establishing a local capacity development funding mechanism (LCDF). This is a new and innovative ambition for SNV. Its approach in this activity will be further shaped in 2008 and 2009 on the basis of a limited number of specific pilots. It will not be managed through the regular field organisation of portfolio teams and country offices but through specific partnerships with other national and international organisations. - Governance for empowerment: SNV embraces the UNDP definition of governance and explicitly recognises that for governance to serve poor people; their explicit empowerment is of key importance “Governance is the system of values, policies and institutions by which a society manages its economic, political and social affairs through interactions within and among the state, civil society and private sector. It is the way a society organises itself to make and implement decisions— achieving mutual understanding, agreement and action. It comprises the mechanisms and processes for citizens and groups to articulate their interests mediate their differences and exercise their legal rights and obligations. It is the rules, institutions and practices that set limits and provide incentives for individuals, organisations and firms. Governance, including its social, political and economic dimensions, operates at every level of human enterprise, be it the household, village, municipality, nation, region or globe” A ‘governance for empowerment’ perspective will be considered at each level (strategy development, MoU with client and in specific assignments) of SNV’s primary process and will inform analysis, action and assessment (AAA). SNV recognises that it cannot act in isolation and that it needs collaboration and strategic partnerships to maximise its contribution to achieving impact. Among SNV most essential partnerships is that with the Netherlands Department for International Cooperation (DGIS), which provides a core subsidy. DGIS and SNV are aware that the micro-macro divide hampers the effectiveness and efficiency of development cooperation efforts. SNV wishes to use its unique position and outreach to strengthen complementarity with international players and with DGIS in particular. Through the independent and fundamentally different roles that DGIS and SNV play they are well placed to mutually reinforce each other. To this end SNV will a) systematically coordinate and dialogue with the embassies of The Kingdom of The Netherlands (EKN) in countries where The Netherlands has bilateral agreements, b) allocate a minimum of 50% of the core subsidy in these countries to jointly agreed upon areas, c) develop a common vision with EKN on these areas, d) monitor and feedback information on implementation at the meso-level to the national level and e) stimulate and facilitate discussions between actors at various levels to bring out and reduce the micro-macro disconnect. In other countries SNV will work to actively achieve complementarity with the priorities of other major donors. General Objective The overall objective of the consultancy is to carry out a preliminary study of possible areas of SNV intervention in Burundi over the coming two years with regards to the identified regional positioning choices under the two impact areas, four delivery channels and EKN complementary. Specific Objectives Describe and analyse the priorities of development in Burundi and their possible relation to SNV ESA specific focus in PIE and BASE; Describe and analyse government, private sector and civil society organizations as well local capacity builders in ESA positioning choices that have potential to work with SNV, taking into account the four delivery channels (advisory services, Knowledge development, networking and brokering, Advocacy and local development fund as a pilot); Describe the existing and future programs of EKN in Burundi, and the complementarily aspects with SNV focus in PIE and BASE, taking into account also the emphasis of the Netherlands Ministry for Foreign Affairs in the four delivery channels ; Describe and analyse the context of development actors in Burundi (major donors, potential strategic partners and intervention areas, a special note regarding SNV corporate and regional partnerships: (for instance UNDP, Free Labelling Organisation, Impact Alliance, World Wildlife Fund, DGIS, World Business Council for Social Development, Agriterra, Agriprofocus, UN-World Tourism Organisation, UNIHABITAT) and Dutch NGOs. Describe and analyse the context of governance in Burundi (Kauffman indicators) also giving specific attention to gender, social inclusion and environment sustainability aspects. Propose a relevant entry point for SNV to start engagement, taking into account the strategic choices of the region and the opportunities; Propose the best modality and structure of operating in Burundi taking into account SNV structure and possibilities (for instance, by first having a portfolio, or partnership with another organization or any other innovative way); Describe the modalities for international NGO like SNV to operate in a the country (country agreement modalities); Describe and analyse the risks of operating in Burundi and how the risks could be managed List relevant studies, documents, research papers available to inform any future strategy development, including list of knowledge based research and learning institutes; etc. List the main stakeholders consulted and identify those relevant for further discussion Inputs, methods and responsibilities In order to achieve the above, the consultant will undertake interviews with main stakeholders in Burundi, including government, civil society and private sectors. The consultant will be part of a larger SNV team that will offer support and advice. The report of the consultant will inform the team decision on the modalities of operating in Burundi. The team will consist of: - Field mission o Consultant and o Charles Nach Mback, senior advisor on local governance - Introduction to SNV policies and strategies o Jean de Matha Ouédraogo, Country Director of SNV Rwanda, o Charles Nach Mback, senior advisor on local governance, - Debriefing and report approval o Jean de Matha Ouédraogo, Country Director of SNV Rwanda, o Charles Nach Mback, senior advisor on local governance, o Julia Ekong, Regional strategy senior advisor o François Sihimbiro, Value chain , senior advisor o A member of EKN will be invited to join the team SNV Rwanda will: - Provide an introduction (documents and explanation) to the SNV approach, corporate and regional strategies as well as the corporate White papers and policy papers as way of preparation. - Facilitate access to SNV data and stakeholders by providing official notification to stakeholders where necessary. - Provide the logistic for the debriefing session and ensure the invitation for the participants - Provide transport and accommodation for the consultant within Burundi and Rwanda. Expected results and delivery First draft of Preliminary study report by mid-December A debriefing session with SNV and EKN team by the first week of December Final report with high standard by the second week of December. Requirements Educational background: Relevant academic qualification and proven track record in analytic studies of development issues Experience and skills Working experience in Burundi or Great Lakes Region. Knowledge and understanding at strategic level of the international developmental sector, relevant actors and relevant developments concerning SNV ESA positioning choices Others Fluency in both French and English. ( The report should be produced in English) Location and supervision The consultant will carry out his/her fieldwork duties in Burundi under the supervision of SNV Rwanda in collaboration with SNV ESA Region. Duration The duration of the consultancy is fifteen (15) working days as follows: 3-day preparation 7-day field research in Burundi in collaboration with SNV RW team 4-day writing the report 1-day debriefing Financial conditions A consultancy fee of ….. /day will be paid. In addition SNV will reimburse international travel expenses (including any airport transfers, visas, or necessary airport or communication expenditure while travelling). A daily subsistence allowance (per diem) will be in accordance with UNDP rates. Intellectual property rights The intellectual property rights belong to SNV.
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