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									   Nutritionally
       and
   Financially!
School Nutrition Association
Annual National Conference
       July 15, 2007
Amy L. Harkey, MS,RD,LDN
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools
Charlotte, NC
2007-2008
 –163 Schools
 –137,279 Students
45.5% Free and Reduced
   Child Nutrition Services
Self-Operated
25,000 Breakfasts Daily
73,000 Lunches Daily
33,000 Adult & Ala Carte Daily
15,500 After School Snacks Daily
1,300 Cafeteria Employees
28 Central Office Staff
NC Nutrition Standards Pilot
  for Elementary Schools
January – May 2005, Piloted and
held harmless for losses in 7 NC
School Districts
124 Elementary Schools
$5,377 Average Revenue Loss
per School
$330,665 Total Revenue Loss
   NC Nutrition Standards
Grades K-5
NC Board of Education Policy
–October 6, 2006
–Compliant with Current Edition
 of Dietary Guidelines for
 Americans
–USDA School Meals Initiative
   NC Nutrition Standards
     Elementary Meals
20-35% Fat average per week
≤ 10% Saturated Fat
Sodium and Trans Fat kept as low
as possible
200 mg Cholesterol average per
week, breakfast and lunch
combined
Fried Foods not allowed
Whole Grain Serving offered
Daily, will be increased to 8
servings per week
Fruits and/or Vegetables, four
servings offered daily
Legumes offered once week
Milk 1% or less fat
   NC Nutrition Standards
        Ala Carte
≤ 35% Total Fat
≤ 10% Saturated Fat
≤ 1% Trans Fat
≤ 1 ounce Nuts and Seeds
≤ 35% Added Sugar by weight
Milk 1% or less fat
Single Serving Yogurt or Frozen
Yogurt
Water
50% or more Fruit Juice with no
added sweeteners ≤ 8 oz
100% Frozen Fruit with no added
sweeteners ≤ 8 oz
   NC Nutrition Standards
    Single Serving Dairy
≤ 35% Total Fat
≤ 10% Saturated Fat
≤ 1% Trans Fat
≤ 200 Calories
≤ 35% Added Sugar by weight
   NC Nutrition Standards
After School Snack Programs
All food and beverages available
to students shall meet the same
criteria required for Ala Carte
foods and beverages
   NC Nutrition Standards
      Requirements
All NC Elementary Schools shall
implement no later than the first day
of the 2008 school year
Child Nutrition Services Section of
the Department of Public Instruction
shall monitor progress and
compliance annually
Lobbying NC State Legislators
Child Nutrition needs Legislative Support

Funds requested to implement Nutrition
Standards in Elementary Schools:
$25 per student per year = $15 million

May 2007 Child Nutrition Standards now
line item in State Budget
Why NC Nutrition Standards?

The Standards are being put in
place to improve the health of
the children in North Carolina
It is an investment in our
future
    How did CMS
Child Nutrition Services
       get there?
We Crept
  Step by Step

Recipe by Recipe

  Year by Year
               2001
Removed Fryers in Elementary
Schools
All Grade Levels met SMI
Began reducing total fat, saturated fat
and sugar in Elementary Ala Carte
Nutritional Analysis on all recipes
Vegetarian Entrees offered daily
         2002-2004
Vegan Entrees Introduced
10% Fruit Juices Eliminated
Nutrition Education added to
Printed and Internet Menu
Whole Milk Eliminated
Introduced a Low Fat
Reimbursable Lunch “in a box”
          2005-2006
Continued Improving Ala Carte
Nutritional Value
Whole Grain Product Selection
Increased
Grab and Go Breakfast Introduced
On-Line Payment Program
Implemented
CMS Child Nutrition Services
August 2006 met NC Standards in
all Elementary Schools
Dessert recipes modified to meet
nutritional guidelines
Cafeteria Managers trained at
Back to School Workshop
Revised Product Specification
CMS opted to limit daily dessert
selections to 5 items or less
Managers may offer one flavor of
the following: cookie, cake, fruit
pie, pudding, approved
convenience snack
 Administrative Challenges
Procurement of Convenience and
Trans Fat Free Items
Budgetary Impact due to Increase in
Usage of Fresh Produce, Whole
Grain and Convenience Products
Revenue Reduction in Ala Carte
Sales due to Limited Selection
    Nutritional Challenges
Increasing Nutrient Density, Fiber
and Whole Grains
Sodium Restriction Compliance
Recipe Revision and Testing
Portion Control Compliance
Templates and Charts
     Human Challenges
Principal, Manager, Employee
and Customer “Buy-In”
Emphasis on Reimbursable Meals
verses Ala Carte Sales
Nutrition Education
    Impact on
Elementary School
   Participation
        Number of
  Paid + Reduced + Free
          Meals
Divided by Number of Days
 Divided by Average Daily
        Attendance
         Elementary School Lunch Participation

                                                75.26%
76.00%
75.00%
74.00%
73.00%
                                     71.34%
72.00%                  70.85%
            70.32%
71.00%
70.00%
69.00%
68.00%
67.00%
         October     April       October      April

          2005       2006         2006        2007
        Number of
        Paid Meals
Divided by Number of Days
 Divided by Average Daily
Attendance of Paid Students
         Elementary School Paid Participation

                                            60.06%
61.00%
60.00%
59.00%
58.00%
57.00%
                                 55.50%
56.00%      54.48%
55.00%                53.55%
54.00%
53.00%
52.00%
51.00%
50.00%
         October     April     October    April

          2005       2006       2006      2007
    Impact on
Elementary School
     Revenue
      Reimbursement
          + Cash
        + Ala Carte
   + Money on Account
Divided by Number of Days
      Elementary School Average Daily Revenue

                                                  $143,619
$144,000                  $140,212
$142,000                               $137,611
$140,000
$138,000
$136,000      $131,767
$134,000
$132,000
$130,000
$128,000
$126,000
$124,000
           October       April       October      April
            2005         2006         2006        2007
    NC Nutrition Standards
       Middle Schools
Standards are being drafted to pilot
CMS Initiatives
– January 2006, selected five middle
  schools to pilot “No French Fries”
– July 2006, removed all fryers
– August 2006, eliminated French Fries
  and restaurant delivered pizza
  Introduced
“Pizza Fridays”
 Impact on
Middle School
Participation
        Number of
  Paid + Reduced + Free
          Meals
Divided by Number of Days
 Divided by Average Daily
        Attendance
              Middle School Lunch Participation


70.00%                              61.72%         61.27%

60.00%
            45.81%      44.75%
50.00%

40.00%

30.00%

20.00%

10.00%

 0.00%
         October      April      October          April
          2005        2006        2006            2007
        Number of
        Paid Meals
 Divided by Number Days
 Divided by Average Daily
Attendance of Paid Students
           Middle School Paid Participation
                                   42.13%
45.00%                                        41.16%

40.00%

35.00%

30.00%

25.00%
            18.46%     18.41%
20.00%

15.00%

10.00%

 5.00%

 0.00%
         October     April      October     April

          2005       2006        2006       2007
 Impact on
Middle School
  Revenue
      Reimbursement
          + Cash
        + Ala Carte
   + Money on Account
Divided by Number of Days
          Middle School Average Daily Revenue


$62,000                                       $61,352
                                   $61,025

$61,000

$60,000

$59,000                $58,022
            $57,472
$58,000

$57,000

$56,000

$55,000
          October     April      October     April

           2005       2006        2006       2007
     CMS High Schools
August 2006 Introduced
Reimbursable Pizza Combo Meal
Streamlined Menu
Eliminated Low Volume Items
Introduced Build a Hoagie Bar
   CMS High School Goals
Continue Nutritional Improvement
of Ala Carte Selections
Increase Participation
Participate in drafting NC Nutrition
Standards for High Schools and
Implement before Mandated
Since 2001 CMS Child Nutrition
Services has had over 161 Media
Interviews
Local Newspapers
Radio Stations
Local and Internal Television
Stations
Web-Based Parent Access to
    Lunch Accounts

Monitor Purchases and Balances
E-mail when Low Balance
Debit or Credit Card Payment
Automatic Drafts
   “Teachable Moments”

Budgeting Money on Account
Nutrition Education
Special Diet Compliance
    Market Your Program
Child Nutrition Web Pages
Partnership with Local Health
Department, Sports Teams
150,000 Calendars Distributed
100,000 Monthly Menus
Distributed
Posters for Schools
Join in the School Spirit
Wall Art to Promote Health
Customer Service Training
“You Can Make A Difference”
Required for CN Staff
Communications Skills
Team Building
Speak the Universal Language -
“S M I L E!”
Amy L. Harkey, MS,RD,LDN
     Assistant Director
   Child Nutrition Services

        980-343-0663
  amy.harkey@cms.k12.nc.us

								
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