Zaire and Olympism
“In Zaire, we do not regard sport merely as recreation, but, rather, as a political
and socio-cultural phenomenon by which understanding may be achieved between
Mobutu Sese Seko
President of the Republic
“lf it is our wish that sport may serve to unite nations and stimulate friendship
among them, we must know how to use it, above all else, as an instrument in
training and teaching.”
Former President of the CNOZ
“Let us view our current belated development in terms of sports equipment as
good fortune rather than as a serious handicap. Good fortune, because our
efforts directed at firmly establishing and strengthening the Olympic movement
in our country will involve discoveries of techniques and ideas not encountered
by National Olympic Committees in the old world.”
Former Vice-President and
co-founder of the CNOZ
REPUBLIC OF ZAIRE Secretary General in office : Mutomba
2,345,000 sq. km.
Address : B.P. 6232, Kinshasa VI, Zaire.
25,000,000 inhabitants (approximately in
1977). Telephone : 23124.
Telex : Zairolimpic No 242.
Role of the CNOZ
As an association of national Olympic
federations, the CNOZ works in close
co-operation with the department of
State for Sport with the purpose
of establishing and strengthening the
structure of the national sports policy
and enhancing the development of
sport and physical education.
ZAIRE NATIONAL OLYMPIC It is responsible for the selection and
COMMITTEE (CNOZ) preparation of Olympic delegations.
Created on 28th November 1963. It has organised the Zaire. Games once
every two years since 1972. It main-
Recognised by the IOC in 1968. tains links between those national
President in office : Nkanza Mayuku *. sports federations governing sports on
the Olympic programme and both the
* See biographical notes. IOC and other NOCs.
Creation Olympic Committee of the Congo-
Kinshasa, in order to avoid confusion
On 28th November 1963, a Congolese with the Congolese Olympic Committee
Olympic Committee came into exis- in Brazzaville. At the time, the NOC was
tence in Leopoldville (now Kinshasa). made up of seven national sports fede-
This committee immediately submitted rations (athletics, basketball, boxing,
a request for recognition by the cycling, football, judo and volleyball),
IOC with the aim of taking part in and the affairs of the Executive Board
the celebration of the Olympiad which were being directed by Kalala Odinga,
was due to take place in Tokyo President, ably assisted by Nulumba
the following year. Although the M’Pela, Vice-President, Mavuela Kweta,
number of federations affiliated to Secretary General, Elonga Malimazun-
their respective IFs was, unfortunately gu, Assistant Secretary General, and
still not sufficient in order to obtain Mr. Bompuku, w h o p e r f o r m e d t h e
such recognition, a delegation of duties of Treasurer. In 1970, the name
officials representing Zaire journeyed “Zaire National Olympic Committee”
to Tokyo to acquaint themselves better was adopted.
with Olympism. The unceasing efforts During the period 1971-1972, sweeping
of various leaders, among them Kalala reforms transformed the CNOZ into an
Odinga, Elonga Malimazungu, and association of national sports federa-
Mavuela Kweta, culminated in Olympic tions intended to promote the national
recognition being extended to the COC development of sport and physical edu-
in 1968 under the name of “National cation.
The visit paid by the President of the IOC in 1979 served as an incentive to the sports
movement and was appreciated by athletes throughout the country.
IOC members in Zaire ZAIRE AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES
None to date.
l Date of first participation : 1968.
1963-1965 : Pius Longolamayi.
1965-1971 : Kalala Odinga. Zaire was represented by five cyclists
1971-1972 : Elonga Malimazungu. in Mexico. Since that occasion, no
1972-1975 : Sampassa Kaweta Milombe. national athletes have taken part in
Since 1975 : Nkanza Mayuku *. Olympic events.
PRESENT ORGANISATION OF THE CNOZ
Nkanza Mayuku Mutomgo Kabamba Mavuela Kweta
President Secretary General former
l The annual general assembly is l Financing of the CNOZ
attended by two delegates from natio- The CNOZ’s needs are covered by State
nal sports federations governing Olym- subsidies provided through the Depart-
pic sports, one delegate from each ment of Sport.
national federation whose sport is not A national fund for the promotion of
included on the Olympic Games’ pro- sport, which has been created within
gramme, and IOC members in Zaire, if the CNOZ, receives 15% of the re-
any. The Assembly determines policy ceipts derived from sports events.
and carries out the election of the These resources allow for greater con-
Executive Board every four years. tributions to be made to the advance-
ment of sport throughout the country,
l The Executive Board, consisting of the popularisation of mass participation
a president, a vice-president, a secreta- in sport, training of officials and the
ry general and five members, all of construction and maintenance of sports
whom are representatives of national facilities.
sports federations, is responsible for l Members of the Executive Board
administering the CNOZ. This body
meets once each quarter. PT : Nkanza Mayuku * : VPT : Essende
E’Liambi ; SG Mutombo Kabamba * ; T :
Luango Boelua ; MS : Mabusa Eseka,
Dimukai Kapusa, Mulongo Mulunda,
l Federations affiliated to the CNOZ Matulu Tambwe, Mamba Bongumba.
Affiliation Members in
Olympic Federations Creation NOC IF 1968
Athletics 1966 1966 1963 131
Basketball 1963 1965 1965 4980
Boxing 1963 1965 1965 320
Cycling 1964 1965 1968 260
Football 1963 1966 1964 12000
Weightlifting 1963 1965 1969 860
Handball 1965 1965 1966 2720
Judo 1963 1964 1964 1650
Wrestling 1963 1965 1969 1380
Swimming 1968 1968 1966 250
Volleyball 1966 1967 1964 2350
... plus the tennis federation.
THE CNOZ AND OLYMPISM l International Olympic Academy
Delegations have been sent by the
CNOZ to attend the IOA Sessions in
Olympia since 1973.
l Protection of the Olympic emblems
l Olympic day The NOC’s decision of 3rd March 1976
concerning this matter received the
The decision to hold an annual Olympic approval of the Government (Executive
day celebration was adopted on 1st Council) in December 1976. A bill is
September 1978. The CNOZ has also currently being prepared to strengthen
assumed responsibility for the organ- such protection.
isation of the Zaire Games in alternate
years beginning in 1972. This event
brings together the best athletes and l CNOZ Publications
teams from the country’s nine regions
to compete in various disciplines. Publication of an internal bulletin
The ceremonial aspects of these is currently being planned by the CNOZ.
Games are patterned after those of the Olympic news reaches a wide audience
Olympic Games. through the national weekly “Sport Ma-
sano” as well as through other press
organs. A press attache appointed by
l Zaire Olympic bibliography
the CNOZ, Kabasele Tshimanga, works
“Towards the Summit of Sport in Zaire to make the dissemination of news
and Africa”, by Muka Muyombo (1974). more effective.
Mobutu Sese Seko stadium in Lubumbashi (Shaba) during the 3rd Zaire Games.
SPORT IN ZAIRE l Sport at school
In primary schools, two hours of
physical education are taught weekly.
l Other sports governing bodies
In secondary schools, weekly time-
— The Department of sport, directed tables include three hours of physical
by a State Commission (Minister), is education and sport. Extra-curricular
responsible for determining the activities are also organised by the
sports policy to be followed by the Federation for School and University
National Executive Council (Govern- Sport, a n d b y y o u t h o r g a n i s a t i o n s
ment). within the People’s Revolutionary Move-
ment, the “DMPR”.
— The sports federations apply the
principles contained in the CNOZ’s
plan of action with regard to the l Sports experiencing the greatest
organisation of their sports. development
— The Military Sports Administration. Football, basketball, handball, judo.
— The Union of Zaire sports journa-
lists. l Sports which draw the biggest
— The Council of Physical Education crowds
Football and basketball.
— The Brotherhood of National Coa-
— The National Fair Play Commission.
l State aid for the sports movement
The State provides the wherewithal for
the operation of sports activities in Nkanza Mayuku
Zaire by means of the budget allocated President of the CNOZ since 1975.
to the Department of Sport. The
The holder of a degree in physical education and
country’s best athletes receive training sport from the University of Louvain (BEL), he also
scholarships and are entitled to free completed studies in Kinesitherapy, criminology,
psychology and recreational organisation. Curren-
medical care. tly a professor at the Zaire National University in
Kinshasa, he has sewed or continues to serve in
the following capacities : sports director, chair-
l Training of sports leaders man of the technical subcommission for mass par-
ticipation gymnastics, member of the standing
commission for the revision of general sports
Training poses a problem encountered regulations in Zaire and Vice-President of the na-
in all countries lacking equipment. In tional athletics federation.
this vein, the CNOZ receives assistance
from the Department of Sport and is Mutomba Kabamba
also grateful for the support offered by
Olympic Solidarity. Secretary General of the CNOZ since
1975, following a term as Assistant
Secretary General beginning in 1971.
l Sports installations
Earned a diploma at the Institute of Commerce and
Administration ; was granted a scholarship by
Athletes in Zaire have available to them Olympic Solidarity. A former Secretary General of
9 athletics tracks, 3 boxing centres, 580 the national tennis federation, he now serves as
a member of the African Tennis Confederation.
football fields, 6 wrestling centres, 151
volleyball and 109 basketball courts, 2
velodromes, 6 judo gymnasia and 78