DBYC Sailing Instructions for
Yacht Racing Events 2009
Issued and in effect from 20 th February 2009
Racing takes place under the International Sailing Federation (ISAF) “Racing Rules of
Sailing 2009-2012”, Royal Yachting Association (RYA) Prescrip tions, these DBYC
Sailing Instructions and appropriate Class Rules.
Racing in Club Series Events is open only to those yachts whose owners are Full
Members of DBYC. All regular Crew must be at least Associate Members of DBYC.
Guests may crew and use the facilities of the DBYC Clubhouse a maximum of 6 times, in
any one year. If they wish to take part on more occasions they must apply for Club
Membership. Any yacht infringing this requirement by racing with one or more non-
member crew for more than the allowed 6 occasions will, after due warning, be
Disqualified if they continue to carry non- member crew.
In the interest of fair racing all yachts are required to conform to Class Rules and carry
the basic equipment listed in the Appendix.
Regattas and Offshore Races will be Open Events, not restricted to DBYC yachts or to
It is a requirement of Owners that their yachts must carry insurance cover of not less than
£2,000,000 in respect of third party and crew liabilities. Insurance must also cover Racing
4. Notices to Competitors
When possible Notices to competitors and any change to these Sailing Instructions, will
be handed out at the Clubhouse, sent by e- mail or sent by post. Copies of notices and
sailing instructions, plus racing results, will be displayed on the Club notice board.
(a) The safety of a yacht and her entire management, including insurance, shall be the
sole responsibility of the person in charge of the vessel, who must ensure the yacht and
her crew are adequate to face the conditions which may arise at sea. It is the sole
responsibility of competitors to decide whether to start or continue in any race, bearing in
mind the weather forecast and the conditions at the time.
(b) The Douglas Bay Yacht Club, its Sponsors, Officers and Agents, shall not be
responsible for any loss, death, damage or personal injury, howsoever caused, to any
yacht, to the person in charge, or the crew of a yacht, or to another competitor, or to
safety or spectator boat crews, as a result of their taking part in sailing and racing in Club
events. Moreover, every person in charge of a yacht warrants the suitability of the vessel
The RYA Low Points Scoring System (Appendix A) will apply. The Tuesday and
Thursday Series are scheduled to be of 5 races each series. If all 5 are completed,
1 Discard will be allowed. If 4 or less races are completed, all will count with no
Discards. A half point allowance will be given to yachts racing with one novice crew
member. Novices must be identified on the Race Declaration sheet.
In the event of a Tie in a series, such tie shall be broken if possible by the method
described in Appendix A2 of the Racing Rules of Sailing.
7. Handicaps & Timing
In Club Series races, handicapping will be based on the RYA Portsmouth Yardstick
System, using standard PY numbers.
Regattas and Open Events will use Standard PY and IRC Handicap Numbers. There will
be a Handicap Review in July.
Race Results will be based on Corrected Time. The owner, skipper or person in charge of
each competing yacht must record the vessel’s Elapsed Time – using a proper Yacht
Timer or Stop Watch – and submit it on a Race Declaration within One Hour of boats
returning to the harbour. If a time is not submitted, the yacht will not be considered for a
place in that race.
The Average Lap Time system will be used to produce results for slow boats which may
be well astern of the main fleet. See Appendix 2 for an explanation of Average Lap Time.
It is the duty of Skippers to declare to the Handicapper any changes to yachts which may
affect their performance (e.g. new sails, new rig, etc). Only one new sail per year will be
permitted. Boats may not be stripped out and must conform to their Class Rules.
All yachts taking part in DBYC races must carry VHF Radio (A handheld unit is
acceptable). Race announcements will be made on Channel 6.
All yachts must call up “Douglas Harbour” on Channel 12 to obtain clearance before
exiting or re-entering the harbour. As soon as you finish racing make sure your radio is
on Channel 12 to monitor harbour traffic. When returning to the harbour, please observe
the “Traffic Lights” on the Victoria Pier. When these are on, it indicates that a Ferry has
been cleared to leave or enter and all other craft must keep clear. Yachts should not
attempt to enter until the lights have gone out and clearance has been obtained on
For the 2009 Season there will be only One Handicap Class for all yachts, unless
numbers increase to the point where two classes become necessary.
Every skipper/owner or person in charge of a yacht should ensure they have a laminated
Course Card on board. This card gives the positions of Race Marks. Additional
temporary marks may also be used. The Course will be displayed on a Board on the stern
of the Committee Boat. It is up to skippers and crews to ensure they are in or near the
Starting Area in good time.
Late starters must not impede other yachts which are starting or have started.
The Course will be as shown on the Course Board, which takes precedence over any
Radio announcement. The radio announcement of the course is only a verbal
confirmation as a courtesy to competitors.
Yachts should not contact the Committee Boat by radio except in an emergency. Lengthy
discussions or arguments on the radio are not acceptable. Any skipper who believes he
has a genuine grievance should sail the race as displayed and submit a written request for
Redress after returning to the Clubhouse.
PLEASE NOTE – The Douglas Harbour Fairway between the Outer Green Buoy and the
Victoria Pier is a “No Racing” area. Yachts must keep to the North of the Outer Green
Buoy, which ranks as an Obstruction under the Rules. Any yacht entering this area when
racing will be Disqualified.
11. Starting Procedure
When making Sound Signals the OD should also press the Transmit button on his radio.
When the Club Committee Boat is being used by the OD, Flag Signals will be used with
appropriate Sound Signals.
When there is no Committee Boat and it is not possible for a Duty Yacht to display flags
because she is also taking part in the race, then only Sound Signals will be used.
Alternatively, the Race Officers may run a race from the shore, using sound signals in
conjunction with the radio on Channel 6.
10 min before the Start - One Sound Signal, Course Flag (Red or Green) hoisted, Course
5 min (Warning Signal) - Numeral 1 hoisted, one Sound Signal.
4 min (Preparatory Signal) - I Flag hoisted, one Sound Signal.
1 min - I Flag dropped, one Sound Signal.
Zero - (Start) – Numeral 1 dropped, one Sound Signal.
PLEASE NOTE - As the “Round the Ends” rule is being used permanently, the
I Flag is substituted for the P Flag as the Preparatory Signal.
Individual Recalls will be indicated by flying Flag X, plus One Sound Signal.
General Recalls will be indicated by flying Flag First Substitute, plus Two Sound
Signals. Recalls may also be confirmed by radio. The “Round the Ends” rule will be in
force. Boats on the course side of the line in the final minute and boats recalled, must
return round the ends of the line to restart.
13. Start & Finish Line
The Start and Finish Line will normally be between two Marks, each identified by the
OD, located at the Start/Finish areas in Douglas Bay. The north starting area is located at
Belmont. The south starting area is located at Okells. Races will normally start to
14. Finishing Procedure
The Course Board will indicate the order in which marks are to be taken.
When the leading boats begin the final leg of the course, an Orange Flag will be flown on
the Committee Boat, indicating the race is finishing.
Normally the Finish will be to windward in the same direction as the Start.
However, in the event of a Shortened Course or major wind shift, which may result in a
reaching or downwind finish, the finish line will be crossed from the direction of the last
rounding mark. Hooked finishes are prohibited, straight through finishes required.
Competitors must record their Elapsed Time as they cross the Finishing Line.
When finished please keep clear of the line so as not to impede other yachts trying to
Occasionally it may be necessary to finish the race at a different finishing line. Such line
will be formed by the Club RIB anchoring abreast of a selected mark and flying a Dark
Blue Flag. Details of such finishing line will be given by Radio.
15. Shortened Course
A Course may be Shortened, before boats reach the penultimate mark, by flying Flag S,
with Two Sound Signals. Confirmation of the Shortened Course will be given over the
16. Time Limits
A Time Limit of 9 p.m. may be applied to evening races at the discretion of the Race
Officer. Any such limit will be announced over the Radio.
17. Postpone ments
If for any reason the Race Officers decide a Postponement is necessary, this will be
indicated by flying AP with Two Sound Signals. The postponement will be confirmed by
Penalties for infringements shall be as follows –
(a) For touching any Mark of the Course, the Yacht must do a Tack and a Gybe and may
then resume her proper course.
(b) For infringing the rights of other Competitors, the Yacht must do a Tack and a Gybe,
immediately followed by a second Tack and Gybe, and may then resume her proper
Penalty turns should be taken as soon as possible after the incident and in any case
must be made before the end of the race.
When doing penalty turns a yacht must keep well out of the way of other competitors so
as not to risk a further infringement.
Protests shall be made in writing on the appropriate Form in accordance with Rule 61. A
Protestor must inform the Protestee promptly after the incident by hailing “Protest!” to
the infringing yacht and must fly a Red Protest Flag until the end of the race. The
Protestor must inform the Officer of the Day at the end of the race if he intends to pursue
the Protest. The written Protest should be given to the OD within One Hour of boats
returning to the Harbour. A copy must be provided for the Protestee. The Protest will be
heard as soon as possible after crews return to the Clubhouse. If there is a problem in
finding sufficient experienced people to form a Protest Committee, the OD will advise a
time, date and place for the Protest to be heard.
Alternatively, a Protestor may opt for an Advisory or Arbitration Hearing, in place of or
prior to a full Protest Hearing, in accordance with RYA Document A5 – Rules Disputes
Best Practice and Guidance Notes.
A 20% exoneration penalty is available under the Arbitration procedure.
The skipper of a yacht may request Redress if he feels that her position or score in a race
or series has been adversely affected by an action or omission of the Officer of the Day,
or the race committee or organizing authority.
The request must be made in writing and given to the OD.
A yacht retiring from a race must inform the OD by radio as soon as possible.
22. Sports manship & Fair Sailing
The Racing Rules of Sailing are written to encourage sportsmanship and fair competition.
(see Part One – Fundamental Rules). It is also the intention of the ISAF that the rules
should impose on all Competitors the obligation to avoid collisions and damage to yachts
(see Rule 14). Right of Way yachts should be aware that they may be penalised if they
deliberately cause a collision and make no attempt to avoid contact.
23. Penalties imposed by the Sailing Committee
In the event of a serious dispute, whether arising from a Protest or not, the Sailing
Committee may impose whatever penalties it deems fit, within the ISAF Racing
Rules of Sailing, on a yacht or owner who it considers has transgressed the rules.
24. Acknowle dgement
By taking part in a race all competitors acknowledge that they have read, understand and
will abide by these Sailing Instructions in their entirety. The skipper or person in charge
of each yacht also undertakes to complete and sign a Race Declaration Form on returning
to the Clubhouse.
Yachts taking part in Club Races must conform to their Class Rules and are
require d to carry the following minimum ite ms of Equipment -
Auxiliary Engine, suitable Anchor & Warp, VHF Radio, Fire Extinguisher, Life Jackets
or Buoyancy Jackets, First Aid Kit, Bilge Pump, Fog Horn, Spare Compass,
Man Overboard rescue equipment.
NOTE - 1720s are not required to carry fire extinguishers or man overboard gear.
However, 1720 crews must wear lifejackets or buoyancy jackets.
Additional items to be carried for Offshore Races - Liferaft or Dinghy, Radar
Reflector, Coastal Flare Pack, Charts, Safety Harnesses, Navigation Lights, Search Light
or powerful Torch.
Yachts will be subject to inspection.
Positions of Race Marks
The laminated Course Card shows the positions of Marks. The chart shows water depths
at Lowest Astronomical Tide.
Please be aware that Marks move about their fixed positions due to wind and tide.
Competitors should be aware of those areas where there are hazards, such as isolated
rocks and shallows between marks along the coast. Take care not to go too far inshore
past marks, especially when a number of yachts are trying to round a mark together at