AP World History Qtr 1: Chapter Homeworks, Stearns Chapter 1, Human Prehistory to Early Civs, pages 2-29, Terms & Questions Chapter 2, Classical Civilization in China, pages 30-47, Terms & Questions Chapter 3, Classical Civilization in India, pages 48-65, Terms & Questions Chapter 5, Classical Period-Decline, pages 87-107, Terms & Questions Chapter 6, First Global Civilization, Islam, pages 117-143, Terms & Questions Chapter 7, Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization, pages 145-169, Terms & Questions Chapter 8, African Civilizations & Spread of Islam Chapter 9, Civilizations in Eastern Europe- Byzantium & Orthodox Europe (Chapter 4 included but optional) AP World History Chapter 1: From Human Prehistory to the Early Civilizations Part 1: Terms “hunting & gathering” Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) Homo erectus Homo sapiens sapiens “culture” Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) Neolithic (New Stone Age) civilization “slash & burn agriculture” Catal Huyuk cuneiform writing Mesopotamia Sumerians Akkadians Babylonians Harappa/Mohenjo-Daro Hwang He (Yellow River) P’an Ku Shang Dynasty Zhou dynasty Phoenicians Judaism agrarian revolution (Neolithic Revolution) Part 2: Questions 1. Describe human migrations patterns across the globe. 2. How and where did early agricultural societies (pre-civs) first emerge? 3. How did sedentary agriculture lead to societal changes? 4. What are the characteristics of civilization (list) and where did they arise (list the main five or six)? 5. How did geography influence the rise of civilizations? 6. Describe the political, social, economic and religious institutions that developed in the first civilizations. 7. Describe the social hierarchies, gender relationships and social inequalities in the first civilizations. Can any comparisons be made (between the different civilizations)? 8. How did civilized culture survive the rise and fall of regional states? 9. Describe the contributions of Judaism. 10. Compare and contrast the first civilizations. AP World History Chapter 2: Classical Civilization- China Part 1: Terms Zhou Dynasty Qin Dynasty Han Dynasty Middle Kingdom “mandate from heaven” “Sons of Heaven” Mandarin Chinese Era of the Warring States period Shi Huangdi (first emperor) Great Wall Wu Ti Huns Confucius (Confucianism) Analects Legalism/Legalists Daoism Lao-zi (Lao-tsu) Five Classics Mandarins primogeniture Part 2: Questions 1. Describe the teachings and institutions of Confucianism, Daoism and Legalism. Make some comparisons and contrast between the three. 2. Describe the development of the Chinese state and its political institutions. 3. How did the early dynasties of China create a unified Chinese culture and society? 4. How and why did warfare change under classical societies such as China? 5. What class came to dominate Chinese government and how was it created? 6. Describe the class structure and gender relations in classical China. 7. What intellectual and technological advancements did imperial China make? 8. Describe the influence of merchants and the importance of trade/commerce to China. AP World History Chapter 3: Classical Civilization- India Part 1: Terms Deccan Plateau “monsoons” Vedic & Epic Ages Sanskrit Rig-Veda Mahabharata Ramayana Upanishads “Indian caste system” (Kshatriyas, Brahmins, Vaisyas & Sudras) untouchables Chandragupta Maurya dynasty/Mauuryas Ashoka Kushans Guptas/Gupta dynasty Hinduism dharma gurus Vishnu Shiva Bhagavad Gita Buddha (Gautama) nirvana Kama-sutra stupas Part 2: Questions 1. How did geography and environment influence Indian civilization? 2. Describe Aryan society and their social and religious institutions. 3. Explain the major tenets of Hinduism and its evolution from the Aryans to the Guptas. 4. Describe the Hindu political hierarchy, caste structure and gender relations. 5. What were the teachings of Buddha and how did it change Hinduism? How did Hinduism react to the Buddhist challenges? 6. Describe the Maurya and Gupta political and economic structures. 7. What were the intellectual accomplishments of the Mauryas and Guptas? 8. How and where did Hinduism and Buddhism spread? 9. Compare the status of women in classical India with other contemporary societies. AP World History Chapter 4: Classical Civilization in the Mediterranean- Greece & Rome Part 1: Terms Cyrus the Great Zoroastrianism Sparta & Athens Peloponnesian War Macedon Philip of Macedon Alexander the Great Hellenism Hellenistic culture Carthage & Punic Wars Julius Caesar Augustus Constantine Polis Pericles Roman Senate & Consuls 12 Tables Greek Pantheon of Gods Socrates Plato Galen Euclid Ptolemy Iliad & Odyssey/Homer Doric, Ionic, Corinthian styles Part 2: Questions 1. How does Greek civilization compare and contrast to other civilizations? 2. Define a polis. How did the polis change between 800 and 400 B.C.E.? 3. How did Greek city-states work together? Why were they often separate? 4. Compare the political structure of Hellenistic Greece to that of the Greek world before 400 B.C.E. 5. What was the function of philosophy in Greek culture? 6. What, according to the authors, were the principles of Greek culture? 7. Why was the Greek economy so market-oriented? 8. Discuss the role of slavery in Greek & Roman economic and social life. Why did it lead to less technological innovations? 9. Discuss the status of women in society. What effect did class position have on women's roles? AP World History Chapter 5: The Classical Period- Directions, Diversities, and Decline by 500 C.E. Part 1: Terms Kush Axum Ethiopia Olmecs Teotihuacan Sui Dynasty T’ang Dynasty “Rajput” Devi The Yellow Turbans Diocletian Constantine Constantinople Byzantine Empire Justinian Sassanid Empire Bodhisattvas Mahayana Buddhism syncretism Christianity Jesus of Nazareth bishops Paul Pope Doctrine of the Trinity Bendict/Bendictine Rule monasticism Part 2: Questions 1. What issues and values did classical civilizations stress and why? 2. Describe the spread of sedentary agriculture outside the older civilized areas (core). 3. Describe the rise of civilization in the Americas. 4. Describe the spread of civilization to peripheral regions in Africa and Asia. 5. What role did pastoral nomads play in world history and commerce. 6. Describe the reasons/causes for the decline and fall of the classical civilizations. How ere they similar or different? 7. What are the effects of migrations and nomadic cultures on the classical civilizations? 8. How and why did the new religions develop and spread? 9. What classical institutions survived the collapse of the classical civilizations and why? AP World History Chapter 6: The First Global Civilization- The Rise & Spread of Islam Part 1: Terms “empty quarters” bedouin clans/tribes Mecca Umayyad/Quaraysh Ka’ba Yathrib/Medina “bride-price” Muhammad Khadijh Quran/Koran hijra (page 118- timeline) Ali umma zakat “Five Pillars”(list) caliph Abut Bakr Ridda Wars jihads Sasanian Empire Byzantines Uthman Sunnis Shi’ites Mu’awiya Karbala Battle of Poitiers (Tours), 732 Damascus Mawali jizya dhimmis (People of the Book) hadiths Aisha Zainab Abbasids (al-Abbas) Battle on the River Zab Caliphate of Cordoba Baghdad wazir malwali dhows zanj slaves ayan Part 2: Questions 1. What was the nature of Bedouin society before Muhammad received his revelations? 2. How did Islam address the fundamental problems in Arabian society? 3. How was the succession dispute over the office of caliph finally settled? 4. What was the nature and extent of the Umayyad Empire? 5. What events led to the fall of the Umayyads? 6. How did the Abbasid Empire differ from the Umayyad Empire? 7. What were the achievements of the Arab phase of Islamic development ending in 750? 8. Did women in the Islamic world have more or less freedom than women in other contemporary societies? Explain. 9. How did the Abbasids keep alive the ideas of many ancient Greek and Roman writers? AP World History Chapter 7: Abbasid Decline & the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South & Southeast Asia Part 1: Terms al-Mahdi Harun al-Rashid The Thousand and One Nights Buyids of Persia Seljuk Turks Crusades Saladin Ibn Khaldun “high culture” Shah-Nama Sa’di al-Ghanzali Sufism/Sufis Mongols Chinggis Khan Mameluks Harsha Kannauj Hajjaj Muhammad ibn Qasim Mahmud of Ghazni Muhammad of Ghur Quth-ud-din Aibak Delhi Delhi Sultanate bhakti Kabir Empire of Shrivijaya Malacca Demak Part 2: Questions 1. What were the causes for the weaknesses of the later Abbasid Empire? 2. What was the position of women in the Abbasid Empire? 3. Describe the economy of the later Abbasid Empire. 4. Discuss theological developments within Islam during the Abbasid Empire. 5. Discuss the stages of Islamic incursion into India. 6. To what extent were Muslims successful in converting Indians to Islam? 7. Describe how Islam spread to Southeast Asia. AP World History Chapter 8: African Civilization & the Spread of Islam Part 1: Terms stateless societies “secret societies” Maghrib Ifriqiya Almoravids Almohads Copts Ethiopian Kingdom Lalibela Sahel kingdom of Ghana Sudanic states Kingdom of Mali juula Sundiata griots Ibn Batuta Mansa Kankan Musa Ishak al-Sahili Timbuktu Songhay Kingdom Gao Sunni Ali Askia Muhammad Hausa states (cities) Zanj East African trading ports demographic transition Nok Ile-Ife Yoruba Benin Bantu peoples Luba peoples Kongo Kingdom “zimbabwe” Great Zimbabwe Mwene Mutapa Part 2: Questions 1. What do the authors describe as the "common elements" in African societies? 2. How did Islam originally enter Africa? 3. What were the Sudanic states and how were they organized? 4. How did Islam and the beliefs of indigenous societies fuse among African peoples? 5. What was the connection between East Africa and Islam? 6. Where did cultures in Africa develop that were not impacted by Islam? What was the nature of their organization? 7. Why do the authors spend more time talking about cultures introduced into Africa than indigenous African cultures? AP World History Chapter 9: Civilization in Eastern Europe Part 1: Terms Justinian Theodora Hagia Sophia Greek Fire Bulgaria tsar Bulgaroktonos Empress Theodora Michael II icons iconoclasm Cyril and Methodius Slavic Peoples Kiev Rurik Kievan Rus’ Vladimir I Russian Orthodoxy Yaroslav boyars Tartars Part 2: Questions 1. How did the Byzantine Empire (BE) originate? 2. What were some of the groups that threatened the BE and how was the BE able to survive a thousand years? 3. Describe some of the significant (important) Byzantine political, social and religious institutions. Discuss reasons for the decline of the BE. 4. Describe the split that occurred between the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches. What impact did it have on both Byzantine and European civilizations? 5. How was the Eastern Orthodox church able to spread its ideas throughout eastern Europe? 6. Describe the Russian state in Kiev, its rise, its culture, economy, etc. 7. Describe the important Russian political, social and religious institutions. religious institutions.