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									INSIDE                                 EDITORIAL:
January 2010
EFJ News .................... 1        The time for big decisions is almost upon us. The EFJ has its General Meeting in
                                       Istanbul (16-18 April) and then, with hardly pause for breath, the IFJ World Congress
Gender News............ 3              (25-28 May) opens in Cadiz. Both meetings will focus on the future -- for journalists
                                       and for their unions. Everyone talks about the future, but our vision is not downbeat
Authors’ Rights........ 4              nor are we falling into the trap of a "crisis mentality." There are many challenges,
                                       sure, but many opportunities too, and the EFJ working programme for the next three
Broadcasting News 5                    years, now under preparation by the Steering Committee, will aim to strengthen the
                                       identity and professional role of journalists. The debate is open to all. You can join
Media                                  the discussion on the blog we have set up to thrash out the ideas that will figure on
Concentration.......... 5              the agenda of all journalists and their unions. Check it out at
European Policy
Briefing....................... 6      Aidan White, EFJ General Secretary

EFJ Calendar ............. 7

                             EF EFJ NEWS
                                       EFJ Assembly in Turkey: Unions’ Visions: Journalism and Press Freedom in
                                       The EFJ will have its General Meeting in Istanbul on 16-18 April. Press freedom and
                                       journalists’ rights in Turkey will certainly be on the agenda, but also the need for new
                                       thinking, new alliances and recruitment together with journalists’ professional
                                       challenges. Guy Ryder, the General Secretary of the International Trade Union
                                       Confederation, will discuss the impact of changing industrial relations and working
                                       conditions on workers and their unions. .
                                       (more information can be found on the EFJ website:

                                       EFJ Steering Committee Paths the Way for Future
                                       In view of the upcoming General Meeting, the outgoing EFJ Steering Committee, which
                                       met in Brussels on 19-20 January, discussed future priorities as well as the need to adjust
                                       its working methods and structures to the radical changes taking place in the industry.
                                       How to improve lobbying in Brussels and help unions’ at home in their increasingly
                                       difficult struggles for decent working conditions and good journalism will be the main
                             European Federation of Journalists                                                                 1
challenges for the new Steering Committee to be elected in Istanbul for a period of three years.
Authors’ rights, mapping journalistic work in the media and IT sector, conditions of freelance
journalists as well as a radical shift away from collective solutions in many countries and the
worrying situation of Europe’s news agencies are major themes to be tackled.

EFJ Recruitment Seminar for Online Journalists in Portugal
From 12 – 14 December 2009, the EFJ in corporation with the European Trade Union Institute
(ETUI) organised an expert seminar on “Recruiting and Organising in Online Media” in Sesimbra
(Portugal). Participants discussed new trends in the media industry including new media
platforms. Problems facing online journalists in their daily work such as increasing stress and
isolation from professional networks were mentioned as a challenge for unions. Union
membership criteria and the question whether it makes sense to define “journalists” were
discussed in workshops. The need for more research on mapping new journalistic work places
and the need for training on ethical and professional themes were outlined as well.
A set of conclusions and recommendations is available in English and French.

EFJ Calls for Fair Treatment of Radio K2 in Bulgaria
On 14 January, IFJ and EFJ called for fair treatment of Radio K2 by the Supreme Administrative
Court of Bulgaria. Radio K2 has participated actively in the democratic life of Bulgarian society
since the presidential elections in 2006. However, the Communications Regulation Commission
refused to grant an official licence to Radio K2. The IFJ/EFJ members in Bulgaria, the Union of
Journalists in Bulgaria PODKREPA and the Bulgarian Union of Journalists, are concerned that the
treatment of Radio K2 may be politically and economically motivated and they call for a full and
transparent review of the licensing process of the station.

EFJ Welcomes "Landmark" Victory for Media Freedom
On 12 January, the EFJ welcomed the victory of journalist Pennie Quinton and member of the
National Union of Journalists (NUJ), an EFJ affiliate, following the judgment of the European
Court of Human Rights which upheld her complaint against the use of terror laws to stop and
search people without grounds for suspicion (also on ECHR p.7)

2009 Leaves One of Worst Records for Targeted Killings of Journalists, Says IFJ
On 31 December, the IFJ called for more action from governments and the United Nations to
protect media as it announced a total of 137 journalists and media personnel killed during 2009.
The number of targeted killings at 113 is one of the highest ever recorded says the IFJ, despite
calls by the United Nations for governments to put an end to impunity. The full IFJ report on
journalists and media staff killed in 2009 have just been published.

EFJ Condemns ''Flagrant Violation of Press Freedom'' After Sentence Spanish
On 30 December, the IFJ and EFJ condemned a court verdict against two Spanish journalists,
Daniel Andido, director of the private radio Cadena SER, belonging to PRISA-EL PAIS media group,
and Rodolfo Irago, news director in the same radio network. The two men, who were charged
European Federation of Journalists                                                             2
with "revealing secrets", have been condemned to suspended jail terms of a year and nine
months and banned from working as journalists for the same period. They also face bills running
into thousands of euros to cover compensation costs.
The EFJ says that what makes the case even more worrying is that the court has not questioned
the truth of the report at the centre of the hearing, but states that Internet journalism is not
entitled to the same protection as that published through traditional media.

Finnish Journalists Lost Court Case Against Sanoma’s Unfair Contracts
On 20 January, the Market Court in Helsinki dropped a complaint lodged by the Finnish Union
of Journalists (FUJ) on behalf of 550 freelancers against the Sanoma News Group for imposing
unfair contract on its freelancers. The dispute started last May when Sanoma News demanded
its freelancers to give 'exclusive' and 'full' rights of the materials they produce to the company
without additional remunerations for future publications. The company also demanded
freelancers to bare the legal responsibility and expenses in case of future disputes. Petri
Savolainen of the Union Ombudsman described the court's decision as 'shocking' and
'disappointing'. The FUJ and the EFJ fear that this decision would set a precedent for media
companies to literally exploit freelances. The board of the FUJ decided on 22 January to make
an appeal in the Finnish High Court.
For more information, contact: Petri Savolainen:


TV Industry Lost More than 5,000 Women in Three Years
Faced with the media crisis, a recent research shows that 5,300 women working in the UK TV
industry have left their jobs in the past three years. The research conducted by creative
industries training body Skillset shows that there is a huge gender disparity in the TV industry,
where women were hardest hit by the recent cutbacks.
There were only 300 men who lost their jobs in the TV industry when compared with the losses
of 5,300 women media workers. Kate O’Connor, executive editor of Skillset said this figure poses
a real worry for the industry and it also suggests a talent drain.

French Study Shows Sharp Deterioration in Photojournalism
A study conducted by the Observatory of the Press (l’Observatoire des métiers de la presse) and
the Commission for Professional Journalists (CCIJP – Commission de la Carte d’Identité des
Journalistes) shows a sharp deterioration in photojournalism in the past ten years.
The study shows that the number of female photojournalists has only increased by 3.8% from
2000 to 2008. Moreover, the pay gap between female and male photojournalists proved to be
persistent with the average wage of €3145 for female and €3694 for male photojournalists.
(Full report:

European Federation of Journalists                                                              3

EFJ Delegates Meet Google in Brussels on Authors' Rights
On 25 January, members of the Authors' Rights Expert Groups (AREG) led by the EFJ President
Arne König and Vice-President, Philippe Leruth met with Google’s representatives to discuss
authors' rights issues raised by the Google Books Settlement and other Google web
applications. The meeting was initiated by the EFJ to raise Google’s attention on journalistic
contents being reproduced without proper authorization from journalists. König explained that
many journalists own the full rights (including moral rights) on their works, and further use of
their works should be subject to additional remunerations to the sole rightholder. The meeting
contributed to establishing a first contact with Google to continue the dialogue on authors'
rights issues. Google expressed their support to cost-effective collecting management systems
to deal with orphan works and their willingness to work with EFJ on this.

German Newspapers Agree Equitable Fees for Freelancers
After more than six years of on-going negotiations between the German newspaper publishers
and the journalists unions over common rules of payment for freelancers, an agreement was
finally reached.
The agreed new rules will give freelancers equitable remuneration that is compliant with the
German legislation on authors’ rights contract. The new rules will come into force on 1 February
once they are adopted by the boards of both unions and publishers’ associations.
However, an agreement between publishers and the journalists unions DJV and ver.di on fair
remuneration for photojournalists has not been reached. An on-going negotiation is still taking
place among the dispute parties.
The text has been translated by the EFJ into English and will be put on the EFJ website.
It is available in German at:

Google Violates Copyright Laws, Rules French Court
On 18 December, the Paris Civil Court ruled that Goolge Inc. violated the French copyright laws
by scanning around 10,000 copyrighted books without prior permission of French authors in
their Google Book Project. La Martiniere, the French Publishers’ Association and authors’ groups
La Société des Gens de Lettres (SGDL), were granted 300,000 euros plus interest to compensate
the damages incurred by the Google Book Project. The Court also ordered Google to remove
extracts of the scanned French books from its online database. If Google fails to comply with the
ruling, it has to pay 10,000 euro per day to the French editors and publishers as punishment.
However, Google is making an appeal against the court's judgement.

EU Ratification of WIPO ''Internet Treaties'' Enhances Copyright in the Digital Age
On 14 December, the European Union (EU) and its member states ratified the World Intellectual
Property Organisation (WIPO) Copyright Treaty and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms
Treaty enhancing copyright laws in the digital age.

European Federation of Journalists                                                             4
The ratified ''Internet Treaties'' which were adopted by WIPO’s assembly in 1996 will establish
the basic standards of legal protection for copyright and related rights in the Internet. The
Treaties contain rules on distribution, rental, the right of public communication and the
''making available'' of protected online content.

UK: Sky News Encourages its Staff to Use Twitter for News Gathering and
As social media becomes an increasingly important tool for journalists, Sky News, one of the
major UK news broadcasting media, announced plans to install Twitter software across its
journalists' computers as part of the drive to encourage more use of social media for news
gathering and reporting. Twitter, a microblogging and social networking tool has become
increasingly popular for both readers and publishers. A recent research shows that the average
US newspaper has around 18,000 Twitter followers and tweets 11 times per day. Some
publishers start to consider selling paid tweets to advertisers to open up a new revenue stream.

See also under European Briefing, European Parliament: Culture Committee Propose Two
'Own-initiative' Reports on Media


Spain: Adverse Media Climate Makes Mergers 'Necessary'
Antena 3 de Television SA and Gestevision Telecinco SA, the two largest commercial
broadcasters in Spain are in talk to merge with smaller rivals. Media analysts explained that the
adverse media climate has made the merger become necessary as both the media and
audiences are increasingly fragmented whilst advertising revenues continues to decline.

UK: Sky 'May be Expected to Operate against the Public Interest'
On 21 January, the court of appeal in the UK ordered BSkyB to sell down its 17.9% stake in ITV as
the Competition Commission's report concluded that the acquisition of ITV's shares by Sky 'may
be expected to operate against the public interest'. BSkyB, one of the largest broadcasters in the
UK which is partly owned by the media conglomerate, News Corporation, acquired £696m
shares in ITV in November 2006. Under the 2003 Communications Act, BSkyB is prohibited from
controlling more than 20% of ITV.

European Federation of Journalists                                                              5


New Commissioner for Digital Agenda on the Grill
Following her 'disappointing' hearing by the European Parliament (EP), the Commissioner-
designate for Digital Agenda Neelie Kroes had a 'closed door' meeting with the group co-
ordinators of the EP's industry, research and enterprise Committee (ITRE) on 19 January. It was
reported that attended MEPs were more satisfied with her second performance and that no
major obstacle would now prevent her from being approved for the job. The new team of
commissioners will be approved by the Parliament in Strasburg on 9 February 2010. Other
Commissioners of importance for the EFJ are Michel Barnier (internal market, including authors’
rights), Viviane Reding (fundamental rights, including press freedom, and communication of the
EU institutions), Androula Vassiliou (culture) and Laszlo Andor (social affairs). The EFJ envisages
early meeting will all commissioners mentioned here.
Neelie Kroes' written answers to MEPs questions (first hearing):


Media Intergroup Kicks Off its Work
Mr Cavada (France, EPP) Chairman of the Media Intergrou and other Members of Parliament
(MEPs) and polical parties (including Tanja Fajon for the S&D, Jorgos Chatzimarkakis for the
ALDE and Helga Trüpe for the Greens) start working on the agenda on the future of the media
industry. The conference on the Future of Journalism organised by the EFJ on 2 February is one
of the important issues to be dealt with in the Media Intergroup. The first meeting of the
Intergroup will take place during the next plenary session of the EP in Strasbourg on 8-11

Culture Committee Propose Two 'Own-initiative' Reports on Media
The Culture Committee of the European Parliament (EP) proposes to draft two “own-initiative”
(not legally binding) reports dealing with media. The report on "public service broadcasting in
the digital era: the future of the dual system" will be drafted by Ivo Belet (EPP, Belgium); the
other on “Journalism and new media - creating a public sphere in Europe" will be drafted by
Morten Lokkegaard (ALDE, Denmark). A final draft report wil be presented to the Culture
Committee on 22 March before an exchange of views between the Committee and rapporteurs
takes place on 22 February. The next plenary section will decide whether to adopt the draft

Hearing on Rights related to personality and defamation
On 28 January, the Legal Affairs committee of the European Parliament (EP) is to hold a hearing
on the rights relating to personality, in particular in relation to defamation in the frame of
the Rome II Regulation (i.e. law applicable to transborder disputes). Member of the European
Parliament of the Liberal Democrats, Diana Wallis, will be the rapporteur of the hearing. The EFJ
will participate in the hearing together with all major media organisations.

European Federation of Journalists                                                               6
In 2006 the European Council of ministers decided to exclude defamation from the scope of the
Rome II Regulation. The EFJ believes that any initiative to regulate the law applicable to cross
border defamation cases that would only take into account the interest of defamation” victims”
would have serious detrimental effects on press freedom in Europe.


ECHR Outlaws 'Stop-and-search' in the UK
On 12 January, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) outlawed the 'stop-and-search'
power granted to the UK police under the Terrorism Act of 2000 for breaching the European
Convention on Human Rights.
On 26 January 2005, the British photographer Pennie Guinton filed a case (Gillan and Quinton v.
the United Kingdom) to the ECHR after two rulings in the UK High Court and the Appeal Court
granting the legitimacy of the use of 'stop-and-search' power to the UK police. The ECHR ruled
that the right to question people without grounds for suspicion – granted by the Terrorism Act
of 2000 – violated Article 8 of the Convention, which guarantees the right to respect for privacy
and family life. Between 2007 and 2008, there was a total of 117,278 cases granted by the 'stop-
and-search' rule.The law also prevented UK photographers from taking pictures at a large
number of public locations, which has repercussion on freedom of expression.

  February 2010
  2          Conference on the Future of Media, European Parliament, Brussels

  March 2010
  1          Labour Rights Expert Group (LAREG), Brussels
  4          Broadcasting Expert Group (BREG), Brussels
  10         Working Group of the Social Dialogue in the AV Sector, Brussels
  15         Freelance Expert Group (FREG), Brussels

  April 2010
  16-18 EFJ GENERAL MEETING - Istanbul

                                       European Federation of Journalists

                                     Editors: Marc Gruber & Renate Schroeder

European Federation of Journalists                                                             7

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