Reduced AdjectiveRelative Clauses

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					Reduced Adjective/Relative Clauses

1. A reduced clause here refers to changing a clause into a participle phrase

2. You can only reduce defining relative clauses in which the relative pronoun is the
   subject of the clause.

3. When you are not sure if you can reduce the clause or not, then don't.



Look at these examples of relative (adjective) clauses:
ACTIVE VERB

1a. People who buy lottery tickets are often found at bingo.

1b. People buying lottery tickets are often found at bingo.

2a. The students who were waiting for their funding from the government were
disappointed.

2b. The students waiting for their funding from the government were disappointed.

3a. Those students who want to go to Perisher for snowboarding need to pay soon.

3b. Those students wanting to go to Perisher for snowboarding need to pay soon.

In the sentences above, the relative pronoun (who, which, that) and the verb to be
can be omitted and replaced by the present participle (-ing). Notice that the simple
present verb tense changes to the present participle.



PASSIVE VERB

4a. The man who was injured in the accident is recovering in hospital
4b. The man injured in the accident is recovering in hospital

5a. I know a teacher who was educated in Russia
5b. I know a teacher educated in Russia.

Explanation:

In the sentences above, the relative pronoun (who, which, that) and the verb to be
can be omitted and replaced by the past participle (ed etc).

Helpful hint: When you are not sure if the adjective clause can be reduced,
DON’T reduce it.
ADJECTIVE CLAUSES WHICH CANNOT BE REDUCED

  1. Adjective clause contains a modal verb
     I know a man who can swim 20 kilometres

  2. Adjective clause with be verb only
     He lives with a woman who is in the Navy

  3. Verb in the adjective clause has a short, past action
     The man who hit my mother was arrested


  4. verb in clause is a habit or repeated actions
    People who play golf are usually very keen sportsmen