METROPOLITAN AREA UNEMPLOYMENT by ysh11368

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									INTRODUCTION

As we usher in 2010 with optimism, it is difficult not to note the hardship the U.S.
economy endured in 2009 as the worst of the Great Recession ran its course. There
were 4.16 million net job losses last year, sending the unemployment rate from
7.7% in January to 10% in December. Credit conditions were tight and many local
housing markets were stymied in disarray. Consumers ratcheted back spending in
the face of economic uncertainty, and exports—which served as the nation’s crutch
through most of 2008—slowed down dramatically, as economic turmoil spread across
the globe. The result was a recession that was truly widespread and a tremendous
burden in many metropolitan areas across the nation. Metros comprise 86% of U.S.
employment and 90% of output, so it comes to no surprise that the nation's
economic centers were very badly damaged by persistent job cuts and surging
unemployment through 2009.

Fortunately, there were positive signs toward the latter part of the year. Job losses
are leveling off, the unemployment rate is nearing its peak, exports are on the rise,
and consumer spending and income are trending upward. This is great news for
metro area economies, the nation's economic engines, which will drive growth during
the recovery years. However, even though many metros will begin to rebound in
2010, they are far away from a recovery—especially in their labor markets.

METROPOLITAN AREA UNEMPLOYMENT

The U.S. unemployment rate will peak in the first quarter of 2010, averaging 10.2%
between January-March. This is up from a whopping 4.9% just two years earlier. The
tremendous rise in unemployment over 2008 and 2009 has been felt in all metro
areas, although in some much more than others. In November 2009, the latest
month of available metro data, the jobless rate was up in all 363 metropolitan areas
year-over-year, but by over 50% in 116 of those metros. Unemployment topped
10% in 135 metros, 12% in 74 metros, and 15% in 20 metros. Looking at Figure 1,
it's evident that metro areas in the West, Southeast, and Upper Midwest are the ones
grappling with the highest unemployment rates in the country. Among the 25 metro
areas with the highest jobless rates there are eleven in California, seven in Michigan,
and two in both Illinois and Florida. Unemployment has skyrocketed in these areas
because they have been hit particularly hard by the correction in the real estate
market and/or are heavily dependent on the manufacturing sector. Conversely, the
Plains and Mountain Regions were more insulated from the housing bubble and the
worst of the recession, which has suppressed the upward movement of
unemployment.




Global Insight                                                                       1
     Figure 1: Metropolitan Area Unemployment Rates Across the Country




Focusing on the 100 largest metros (Figure 2), California again dominates the list of
highest unemployment rates, in particular the Central Valley—Modesto, Stockton,
Fresno, Bakersfield, and Sacramento occupy five of the top ten spots – undoubtedly
driven by the fallout associated with the housing bubble, and the state’s massive
budget problems, which is a major detriment to the region's large government
sector. Other West coast housing bubble areas include Las Vegas and Reno, NV,
which, coupled with the pullback in tourism spending, has pushed the jobless rate in
those metros over 12%. On the East Coast, Tampa and neighboring Sarasota, FL
experienced sizeable growth in the mid 2000s when their real estate markets were
hot but have since been devastated by the market corrections. Not surprisingly,
metro areas dependent on auto manufacturing in Michigan (Detroit, Grand Rapids,
Lansing) and Ohio (Youngstown, Toledo) round out the large metros with the highest
unemployment. For comparison, note the right side of the table, metro areas that
have experienced only a minor rise in joblessness. Many are in the central U.S. and
the Mountain Region, which were somewhat insulated from the housing crisis. Their
labor markets were also not as highly leveraged in the sectors that were battered by
this recession, namely construction and manufacturing.




Global Insight                                                                     2
     FIGURE 2: NOVEMBER 2009 UNEMPLOYMENT RATES, 100 LARGEST METRO AREAS


Highest (%)                                          Lowest (%)
Modesto, CA                               18.0   San Antonio, TX                     6.9
Stockton, CA                              17.2   Virginia Beach, VA-NC               6.8
Fresno, CA                                16.7   Des Moines, IA                      6.7
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI                16.4   Oklahoma City, OK                   6.7
Bakersfield, CA                           15.6   Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR   6.6
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA      14.4   Ogden-Clearfield, UT                6.5
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-
PA                                        14.2   Salt Lake City, UT                  6.4
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI                  12.7   Washington, DC-VA-MD-WV             6.3
Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL             12.7   Madison, WI                         6.1
Sacramento, CA                            12.7   Fayetteville, AR-MO                 6.1
                                                 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner,
Lansing-East Lansing, MI                  12.6   LA                                  6.0
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV                    12.5   Baton Rouge, LA                     5.9
Toledo, OH                                12.4   Honolulu, HI                        5.8
Reno-Sparks, NV                           12.4   Boulder, CO                         5.6
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL       12.3   Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA         4.9

What is just as alarming as the double-digit unemployment in many of the nation’s
major metro areas is the lethargic rate at which it will recede once the job market
turns around. Despite expected employment growth in many metro area labor
markets during the first half of 2010, there will be little change to the unemployment
rate in the near-term. The initial growth in payrolls will not be fast enough to make a
significant dent in the unemployment rate because of new job seekers entering the
labor force once jobs start to become available. Therefore the unemployment rate
will improve modestly, but still remain painfully high in many metro areas over the
next four years (Figure 3).




                 FIGURE 3: THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE ACROSS METRO AREAS
                              (NUMBER OF METROS, END OF YEAR)

                      Rate         2007      2009       2011    2013
                   Over 15%           1        23          6       2
                   Over 12%           2        90         47       8
                   Over 10%           4       149        105      37
                   Over 8%           13       272        214     117
                   Over 6%           50       342        325     269




Looking ahead, the unemployment rate will ease in the hardest hit of the 100 largest
metro areas by the end of 2013, but many that were among the highest in
unemployment in November of 2009 will still be heavily jobless(Figure 4). California's
Central Valley will still be home to some of the highest unemployed metro labor


Global Insight                                                                        3
 forces in the nation as the region shakes off the lingering effects of the housing
 crisis. The metros in Nevada will still have rates at or close to 10%. The
 manufacturing-heavy metro areas in the Upper Midwest will continue to grapple with
 high unemployment through 2013. At the other end of the spectrum, in addition to
 the central U.S. and Mountain Regions, metros in the Middle Atlantic and Virginia will
 see unemployment fall back to the 5% range.

     FIGURE 4: UNEMPLOYMENT RATES FOR THE LARGEST METRO AREAS, END OF 2013

 Highest (%)                                       Lowest (%)
Modesto, CA                              12.8   Durham, NC                            5.7
Stockton, CA                             12.4   Salt Lake City, UT                    5.6
Bakersfield, CA                          11.9   Baltimore-Towson, MD                  5.5
Fresno, CA                               11.9   Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA               5.5
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI               11.8   Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA           5.4
Toledo, OH                               10.9   Dover, DE                             5.4
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA        10.1   Madison, WI                           5.4
Reno-Sparks, NV                          10.0   Trenton-Ewing, NJ                     5.4
Carson City, NV                           9.9   Richmond, VA                          5.4
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV                    9.9   Fayetteville, AR-MO                   5.3
Dayton, OH                                9.9   Virginia Beach, VA-NC                 5.2
McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX                9.8   Des Moines, IA                        5.1
Fort Wayne, IN                            9.6   Honolulu, HI                          5.0
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI       9.6   Boulder, CO                           4.7
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA      9.4   Washington, DC-VA-MD-WV               4.3




 Our economic forecast for the nation's 363 metros shows that unemployment rates
 will decrease in all of them over the next four years, but they will remain at elevated
 levels. As can be seen in Appendix Table 10, jobless rates skyrocketed between the
 fourth quarter of 2007 and the end of 2009, surging by 5% or more in 182 metros
 and by more than 8% in some of the hardest hit areas, which includes large metros
 such as Detroit, MI, Las Vegas, NV, Youngstown, OH, Riverside, CA, and Fresno, CA.
 Even as recovery in the labor markets pick up steam in 2011-13, unemployment will
 not return to pre-recession levels during that period for any metro area.

 The appropriate federal response to these persistent dire conditions across so many
 metros should be clear. The effort to ameliorate the human and economic costs of
 unemployment needs to be sustained, and targeted directly to those metro areas
 where so much of the labor force is underutilized, unable to contribute to our
 nation's economic growth.




 Global Insight                                                                       4
RETURN-TO-PEAK EMPLOYMENT

A second key feature of the outlook for metropolitan labor markets is the projected
timeline for each metro's return to pre-recession peak employment. This is the point
at which labor markets can be defined as fully recovered. Overall, metro area
employment will recover at a similar pace as the national average, and both are
projected to return to peak levels during the second half of 2012. (Note that though
job levels will have returned to pre-recession levels, the unemployment rate will
remain elevated for a longer time as additional jobs must be created to match the
ongoing growth in the labor force.)

For individual metro areas, however, the outlook varies considerably. As indicated in
Figure 5 below, some will take five years or more to fully recover to pre-recession
employment levels. Appendix Table 11 provides detailed data regarding the
forecasted return-to-peak performance for all 363 metros.

                 FIGURE 5: METRO RETURN-TO-PEAK EMPLOYMENT BY YEAR

                      2009    2010      2011     2012      2013      2014    2015+
No. of Metros:           8      10        44      118        76        25       82

For most of the strongest and weakest performers, the severity of job losses during
recession is the primary factor determining the time frame of their rebounds. For
example, two Texas metro areas that are expected to recover quickly - San Antonio
and Austin - will record respective peak-to-trough declines of only 1.2% and 0.8%
this recession, while the all-metro average plummets 4.9%. Both will return to peak
employment this year. On the other hand, many of the Indiana and Michigan metros
will see payrolls contract more than 10% before bottoming out, and are facing
recovery periods of stretching beyond this decade. The challenge for the upper
Midwestern region is made all the more difficult by limited economic diversification
and dismal population growth that will prevent it from mounting a serious rebound
anytime in the near future. In contrast, there are many housing bust metro areas in
states such as Arizona, California, and Florida, that have suffered similarly
devastating job losses but are far better equipped for recovery and long-term
growth. Strong services economies and healthy population growth make near-term
recovery in these areas attainable. Metros such as Riverside, CA and Phoenix, AZ will
suffer double-digit job losses before the end of the recession, but are expected to
return to peak employment as soon as 2014.




Global Insight                                                                     5
GROSS METROPOLITAN PRODUCT

U.S. metro economies once again proved to be the driving force of the nation's
economic performance in 2009, accounting for 90.1% of the nation's gross domestic
product for the year, 90.3% of wage and salary income, and 86.2% of all jobs.

The list of top performers was largely unchanged from prior years—the New York
metropolitan area ranked first, with a 2009 gross metropolitan product (GMP) of
$1.26 trillion, followed by Los Angeles ($709 billion), Chicago ($514 billion), Houston
($408 billion), and the District of Columbia ($396 billion). A full list of GMP rankings
is included in Appendix Table 1 of the report.

However, more noteworthy are the real GMP growth rates in light of the U.S.
recession. Total real gross metropolitan product declined 2.2% in 2009—better than
the 2.5% contraction for U.S. real gross domestic product, but an abrupt turn for the
worse nevertheless. The true magnitude of the downturn becomes apparent when
counting the number of metros that saw real output decline in 2009. Overall, 316
metro areas recorded real GMP contractions on the year, including 153 in excess of
2%, and 38 of more than 4%. The collection of metros that managed to eke out real
GMP gains in 2009 still felt the effects of recession, as 43 of these 47 metros still saw
weaker growth than in 2008.

  FIGURE 6: 2009 REAL GROSS METRO PRODUCT GROWTH, 100 LARGEST METRO AREAS

         Highest (%)                                         Lowest (%)
Baton Rouge, LA                           0.8   Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA    -3.6
Oklahoma City, OK                         0.7   Las Vegas-Paradise, NV                -3.6
Huntsville, AL                            0.7   San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA    -3.7
El Paso, TX                               0.6   Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL   -3.7
Austin-Round Rock, TX                     0.5   Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC     -3.8
San Antonio, TX                           0.3   Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA               -4.1
Jackson, MS                               0.1   Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA      -4.3
Colorado Springs, CO                     -0.1   Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH           -4.3
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX          -0.1   Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ           -4.4
Columbia, SC                             -0.1   Toledo, OH                            -4.8
Tulsa, OK                                -0.2   Reno-Sparks, NV                       -5.5
Madison, WI                              -0.2   Boise City-Nampa, ID                  -5.6
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX           -0.2   Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL         -5.7
Syracuse, NY                             -0.4   Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL             -5.9
Rochester, NY                            -0.5   Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI            -5.9

It comes as little surprise that the weakest performers out of the 100 largest metro
areas are concentrated in the upper Midwestern states and the housing states of
Florida, California, and Nevada. After the unraveling of the Rust Belt manufacturing
industries early on in the recession and the severe collapse of real estate bubbles,
these regions have also been battling severe job losses and record high
unemployment rates. The top of the list of stronger performers is populated by a
number of metros in the West South Central states of Texas and Oklahoma,


Global Insight                                                                          6
including Austin, Dallas, Houston, Oklahoma City, and Tulsa. These areas remained
insulated from the early phase of the recession, due in part to robust energy markets
and high commodity prices, and have since experienced relatively mild downturns.

UPDATE ON SURFACE TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT

Our nation's metro areas contain a significant share of the U.S. population and make
an even larger contribution to the U.S. economy. As we've demonstrated in this
report, they have also been significantly damaged by the Great Recession. Despite
their import and their deterioration, however, our metro areas, as described in this
report, are not receiving their appropriate share of federal stimulus spending in the
form of surface transportation funds allocated by the States. These are funds that
could be put to immediate use to bolster metro economies by providing jobs on
shovel-ready projects.

Our previous study of state-allocated surface transportation spending across the
nation's largest metropolitan areas found that only 48.3% of approved funding was
allocated by States to metro areas, despite their population share of 63% and Gross
Domestic Product share of 73%. As of January 8th 2010, $22.3 billion dollars has
been approved for surface transportation projects nationwide. Of that amount, $10.3
billion is apportioned to the metropolitan areas in our study. This represents 46% of
the state-approved funding for surface transportation projects supported by funds
provided by the Federal Highway Administration--once again a disproportionately low
level of funding by either crucial measure, GSP or population share.

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act has contributed mightily to the
nation's economy. Global Insight estimates that the full stimulus adds about 0.8
percentage point to 2009 GDP growth and 1.3 percentage points to 2010 growth,
and creates or saves just under 2.5-million jobs by the fourth quarter of 2010. Since
our previous study, there has been some recognition of the disparity between the
contribution of metro areas to the national economy, and the transportation stimulus
funding they have received. In the 2009 report, we documented a shortfall for the
most underfunded metros in the hundreds of millions of dollars. In the intervening
period, we find that four of those five areas have closed their respective funding
gaps. Figure 7 below provides a snapshot of funding in the June report, versus the
January report for those five cities.




Global Insight                                                                     7
                 FIGURE 7: SURFACE TRANSPORTATION FUNDING UNDER ARRA


  Greatest Degree of Underfunding in June 2009 report
                                                              Stimulus    Shortfall
   Metro Area                                    GMP share       share   (millions)
   Seattle, WA                                        68.6%      4.6%       $317.8
   Boston, MA                                         77.2%     19.9%       $192.5
   Phoenix, AZ                                        75.6%     30.9%       $233.8
   Omaha, NE                                          49.7%      4.9%        $26.9
   Chicago, IL                                        78.4%     42.4%       $249.7

  Funding as of January 8, 2010
                                                              Stimulus    Shortfall
   Metro Area                                    GMP share       share   (millions)
   Seattle, WA                                        68.6%     47.9%        $83.6
   Boston, MA                                         77.2%     47.2%        $82.7
   Phoenix, AZ                                        75.6%     29.7%       $144.4
   Omaha, NE                                          49.7%     23.7%        $37.4
   Chicago, IL                                        78.4%       51%       $238.1



However, enormous disparities remain, not just for these metros, but for many
others as well. Las Vegas contributes 75.1% of Nevada's Gross State Product, and is
currently receiving only 30.9% of the state's approved funding. New York, NY, is also
receiving a disproportionately low share of approved funds, as it is responsible for
75.9% of the state's GSP, and is currently receiving only 23.8% of approved surface
transportation funding (see Appendix Table 12 for the full set of results).

The allocation of funding also bares little relation to the severity of a metro's
unemployment problem. Forty-five of the largest 85 metropolitan areas examined
here have double digit unemployment. Notably, 35 of these high unemployment
metros received a funding share that is less than their contribution to their
respective state economies. Among these are Los Angeles, Atlanta, and Detroit.




Global Insight                                                                        8
CONCLUSION

This report has documented the plight of the nation's metro areas as the nation
starts a new decade. High unemployment rates will stubbornly persist across our
metro economies. Unemployment tops 10% in 149 of our nation's metro areas. In
two years these double digit rates of unemployment will continue to persist in 105
metros.

These metro areas have been the engines of US economic growth over the previous
decades. In 2009 they contributed 90.1% of the nations' Gross Domestic Product.
We project that in 2010 they will contribute 93% of US economic growth. Yet we
have found that in one important component of our nation's future, our investment
in critical surface transportation infrastructure, the largest metro economies are
under-funded relative to reasonable measures of their contribution. Closer attention
must be paid to the relationship between the economic health of our nation's metro
areas and the health of the nation as a whole. Right now both are on the mend, and
we believe the national economy can recover more quickly by more directly
delegating federal funds to cities and their metro economies.




Global Insight                                                                    9
                 Appendix Tables




Global Insight
Table of Contents
Table 1:         Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas                      1

Table 2:         Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)              11

Table 3:         Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas and                  25
                 Gross State Product of U.S. States

Table 4:         The Gross Metropolitan Product of the Top 10 Metro Areas in 2008    36
                 Exceeded the Combined Output of the Following 37 States

Table 5:         Average Annual Growth of U.S. Metro Area Economies (1998-2008)      37

Table 6:         Metro Area Shares of U.S. Production (2008)                        47

Table 7:         Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product        48

Table 7b:        Gross Metropolitan Product (Division as a Share of Gross            63
                 Metropolitan Product (MSA)

Table 8:         Real GMP and Employment Growth Rates, 2008 and 2009                 65

Table 9:         Real GMP Growth Rates                                              75

Table 10:        Change in Metro Area Unemployment Rates                             85

Table 11:        Return to Peak Employment                                           93

Table 12:        FHWA Approved Projects by MSA                                      101




Global Insight
                        Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                                            (US$, Billions)

Rank 2009                                                       2006       2007    2008     2009
1              New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-   1134.2    1210.1   1264.9   1259.7
2              Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA             677.9     699.8    717.9    708.9
3              Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI              488.3     510.7    520.7    514.1
4              Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX                   346.3     375.5    403.2    407.8
5              Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV     363.2     379.6    395.7    396.2
6              Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX                  340.6     362.1    379.9    384.8
7              Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD      310.0     322.3    331.9    329.5
8              San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA                287.5     302.8    310.8    306.1
9              Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH                   274.0     289.4    299.6    297.0
10             Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA               255.4     267.3    269.8    262.7
11             Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL          251.5     260.0    261.3    257.2
12             Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA                      195.2     210.4    218.8    217.5
13             Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI          178.5     186.7    193.9    192.4
14             Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI                       198.5     200.7    200.9    190.8
15             Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ                      179.8     186.6    187.4    180.9
16             San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA                155.5     162.1    169.3    168.7
17             Denver-Aurora, CO                                138.4     143.9    150.8    149.7
18             San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA               135.3     145.3    146.7    142.6
19             Baltimore-Towson, MD                             123.5     128.8    133.0    132.0
20             St. Louis, MO-IL                                 117.8     122.1    128.5    127.8
21             Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC                113.5     116.5    118.4    115.0
22             Pittsburgh, PA                                   105.5     110.5    114.7    114.6
23             Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA             109.6     111.9    113.1    110.4
24             Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA              104.4     109.6    112.4    109.6
25             Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL              108.2     110.7    110.5    107.4
26             Orlando-Kissimmee, FL                             97.8     102.1    104.0    101.6
27             Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH                      100.1     103.0    104.4    101.0
28             Kansas City, MO-KS                                93.3      97.5    101.0    101.0
29             Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN                   92.7      96.1     98.8     97.1
30             Indianapolis-Carmel, IN                           90.0      93.1     96.4     95.8
31             Las Vegas-Paradise, NV                            89.9      95.7     97.1     94.5
32             Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA             90.1      92.3     93.7     91.5
33             Columbus, OH                                      84.5      87.8     89.8     90.0
34             San Antonio, TX                                   72.1      76.8     80.9     82.3
35             Austin-Round Rock, TX                             71.3      75.8     80.1     81.6
36             Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI                 78.0      80.1     82.7     81.1
37             Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT                   76.9      81.2     81.4     79.7
38             Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin, TN      72.9      76.3     78.9     78.1
39             Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC        71.3      74.8     77.1     76.5
40             New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA                   64.3      67.5     72.4     73.3



IHS Global Insight                                                                              1
                         Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                                             (US$, Billions)

Rank 2009                                                        2006       2007    2008   2009
41             Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT           68.4       72.9   74.5   73.1
42             Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA           62.3       63.9   65.2   64.2
43             Memphis, TN-MS-AR                                  60.4       63.0   63.8   63.8
44             Salt Lake City, UT                                 56.3       60.6   62.5   61.6
45             Richmond, VA                                       57.3       59.9   61.4   59.8
46             Jacksonville, FL                                   58.2       59.6   59.7   58.6
47             Oklahoma City, OK                                  50.6       52.8   57.1   58.3
48             Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN                 53.1       55.5   56.3   55.9
49             Birmingham-Hoover, AL                              51.2       53.1   54.3   54.2
50             Raleigh-Cary, NC                                   48.0       51.3   53.5   53.8
51             Honolulu, HI                                       44.3       46.4   48.1   48.0
52             Tulsa, OK                                          40.8       42.6   45.2   45.7
53             Rochester, NY                                      43.4       43.8   45.4   45.7
54             Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA                        41.5       43.2   44.9   45.1
55             Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY                          41.0       42.3   44.0   44.0
56             Baton Rouge, LA                                    34.9       36.7   39.2   40.1
57             Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY                        36.1       37.1   39.3   39.4
58             New Haven-Milford, CT                              35.7       36.7   37.6   37.6
59             Albuquerque, NM                                    32.8       33.8   34.9   34.5
60             Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA                     31.5       33.3   34.3   34.2
61             Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA                   34.2       35.9   35.1   34.0
62             Madison, WI                                        30.4       31.9   33.0   33.3
63             Dayton, OH                                         33.3       33.7   33.8   33.1
64             Greensboro-High Point, NC                          31.7       32.4   33.2   32.5
65             Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI                           32.5       32.9   33.1   32.4
66             Durham, NC                                         28.8       31.6   32.3   32.1
67             Tucson, AZ                                         29.7       30.9   31.8   31.3
68             Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR           28.4       30.2   31.0   31.0
69             Columbia, SC                                       28.1       29.0   30.1   30.4
70             Knoxville, TN                                      27.4       28.4   29.6   29.5
71             Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ                  27.4       28.8   29.7   29.5
72             Fresno, CA                                         26.5       28.0   28.9   28.7
73             Wichita, KS                                        25.7       26.9   28.5   28.6
74             Worcester, MA                                      26.4       27.5   28.4   28.3
75             Bakersfield, CA                                    24.8       26.8   27.8   27.9
76             Akron, OH                                          26.2       27.2   28.1   27.7
77             Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA                            25.8       27.1   27.9   27.6
78             Syracuse, NY                                       24.7       25.8   26.9   27.0
79             El Paso, TX                                        23.2       24.6   26.4   26.9
80             Anchorage, AK                                      23.9       24.8   26.3   26.4



IHS Global Insight                                                                            2
                        Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                                            (US$, Billions)

Rank 2009                                                       2006       2007    2008   2009
81             Charleston-North Charleston, SC                   23.9       25.4   26.3   26.3
82             Toledo, OH                                        25.5       26.0   26.1   25.1
83             Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC                     22.8       23.8   24.8   24.8
84             Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME             23.0       24.0   24.8   24.7
85             Trenton-Ewing, NJ                                 22.4       23.0   24.5   24.5
86             Colorado Springs, CO                              22.1       22.9   24.1   24.3
87             Jackson, MS                                       21.4       22.3   23.1   23.4
88             Boise City-Nampa, ID                              23.2       24.3   24.0   22.9
89             Lexington-Fayette, KY                             21.1       22.2   22.7   22.7
90             Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL                     24.7       24.6   23.8   22.7
91             Shreveport-Bossier City, LA                       20.4       21.2   22.4   22.3
92             Springfield, MA                                   20.5       21.4   22.3   22.2
93             Winston-Salem, NC                                 21.5       21.4   21.9   22.0
94             Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY              19.6       20.1   21.0   21.0
95             Manchester-Nashua, NH                             19.0       19.7   20.8   20.9
96             Chattanooga, TN-GA                                19.6       20.4   20.8   20.7
97             Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL                         22.1       21.9   21.1   20.1
98             Reno-Sparks, NV                                   19.7       20.7   20.6   19.6
99             Huntsville, AL                                    17.2       18.1   19.3   19.6
100            Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA                           19.2       19.8   20.2   19.6
101            Stockton, CA                                      18.2       19.1   19.5   19.5
102            Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA              18.2       19.2   19.6   19.4
103            Lancaster, PA                                     17.9       18.7   19.4   19.1
104            Scranton-Wilkes-Barre, PA                         17.8       18.5   19.1   18.9
105            Lafayette, LA                                     16.1       17.5   18.5   18.6
106            Salinas, CA                                       17.3       18.4   18.8   18.3
107            Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC                    16.6       17.0   17.8   18.0
108            Lansing-East Lansing, MI                          17.6       17.9   18.4   18.0
109            Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO             16.0       16.9   17.5   17.8
110            Spokane, WA                                       16.2       17.0   17.6   17.5
111            Boulder, CO                                       16.0       17.1   17.8   17.5
112            Ann Arbor, MI                                     17.6       18.2   17.9   17.5
113            Peoria, IL                                        15.7       16.5   17.3   17.4
114            Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL                 17.1       17.2   17.5   17.3
115            Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL               15.4       16.1   16.8   17.1
116            Fort Wayne, IN                                    16.1       16.8   16.8   16.5
117            Ogden-Clearfield, UT                              15.2       16.0   16.5   16.3
118            Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA                 17.2       17.3   17.1   16.2
119            Corpus Christi, TX                                14.3       15.0   16.2   16.1
120            Lakeland, FL                                      15.6       15.9   16.2   16.0



IHS Global Insight                                                                           3
                        Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                                            (US$, Billions)

Rank 2009                                                       2006       2007    2008   2009
121            Fayetteville, NC                                  13.5       14.4   15.6   15.9
122            Evansville, IN-KY                                 15.2       15.3   15.7   15.7
123            Modesto, CA                                       14.2       15.1   15.5   15.4
124            Mobile, AL                                        14.0       14.3   15.1   15.4
125            Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX                          13.7       14.3   15.3   15.2
126            York-Hanover, PA                                  13.9       14.6   15.2   15.0
127            Charleston, WV                                    13.2       13.8   14.6   14.7
128            Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX                      12.1       13.3   14.6   14.7
129            Montgomery, AL                                    13.8       14.1   14.7   14.7
130            Reading, PA                                       14.0       14.5   14.8   14.6
131            Green Bay, WI                                     13.4       13.8   14.4   14.6
132            Springfield, MO                                   13.3       13.9   14.3   14.3
133            Sioux Falls, SD                                   12.6       13.8   14.2   14.2
134            McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX                      12.0       12.9   13.8   14.1
135            Norwich-New London, CT                            12.7       13.2   13.9   13.8
136            Lincoln, NE                                       12.6       13.0   13.6   13.6
137            Provo-Orem, UT                                    12.2       13.2   13.7   13.5
138            Naples-Marco Island, FL                           14.7       14.9   14.1   13.5
139            Wilmington, NC                                    12.4       13.0   13.5   13.5
140            Atlantic City, NJ                                 13.3       13.5   14.0   13.3
141            Asheville, NC                                     12.6       13.1   13.4   13.3
142            Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL                    13.0       13.2   13.4   13.3
143            Savannah, GA                                      12.2       12.8   13.2   13.2
144            Vallejo-Fairfield, CA                             12.4       12.7   13.3   13.2
145            Canton-Massillon, OH                              12.5       12.7   13.1   12.9
146            Lake Charles, LA                                  12.0       11.9   12.7   12.9
147            Cedar Rapids, IA                                  11.0       11.8   12.5   12.7
148            Tallahassee, FL                                   12.1       12.6   12.8   12.6
149            Rockford, IL                                      11.6       12.1   12.4   12.4
150            South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI                       11.6       12.1   12.3   12.2
151            Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL            12.1       12.4   12.4   12.2
152            Roanoke, VA                                       12.0       12.4   12.4   12.1
153            Kalamazoo-Portage, MI                             11.1       11.4   11.9   11.7
154            Salem, OR                                         11.1       11.6   12.0   11.7
155            Midland, TX                                        8.6        9.4   10.9   11.3
156            Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC                      11.8       11.8   11.8   11.3
157            Visalia-Porterville, CA                            9.9       11.3   11.6   11.3
158            Columbus, GA-AL                                   10.1       10.5   10.9   11.2
159            Fort Collins-Loveland, CO                         10.0       10.5   11.0   11.1
160            Port St. Lucie, FL                                11.2       11.7   11.4   11.1



IHS Global Insight                                                                           4
                        Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                                            (US$, Billions)

Rank 2009                                                       2006       2007    2008   2009
161            Eugene-Springfield, OR                            10.7       11.2   11.4   11.0
162            Flint, MI                                         11.9       11.8   11.4   10.8
163            Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA                     8.8        9.8   10.5   10.7
164            Fargo, ND-MN                                       8.7        9.3   10.1   10.5
165            San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA                    9.9       10.3   10.6   10.5
166            Spartanburg, SC                                    9.5        9.9   10.2   10.2
167            Burlington-South Burlington, VT                    9.5        9.9   10.3   10.2
168            Gulfport-Biloxi, MS                                8.7        9.5    9.9   10.0
169            Fort Smith, AR-OK                                  9.5        9.8   10.1   10.0
170            Amarillo, TX                                       8.4        9.0    9.8    9.9
171            Longview, TX                                       8.2        8.9    9.7    9.8
172            Clarksville, TN-KY                                 8.6        9.1    9.7    9.8
173            Duluth, MN-WI                                      9.2        9.5    9.9    9.7
174            Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA                   9.1        9.4    9.8    9.7
175            Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA                         9.5        9.8    9.9    9.6
176            Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH                       8.6        8.9    9.4    9.5
177            Gainesville, FL                                    8.9        9.4    9.6    9.5
178            Lubbock, TX                                        8.6        9.0    9.4    9.5
179            Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL             9.2        9.3    9.5    9.4
180            Erie, PA                                           8.7        9.2    9.5    9.4
181            Appleton, WI                                       8.8        9.2    9.3    9.3
182            Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA                       7.5        8.2    8.8    9.2
183            Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC         9.1        9.4    9.4    9.1
184            Holland-Grand Haven, MI                            9.0        9.0    9.3    9.0
185            Utica-Rome, NY                                     8.1        8.5    8.7    8.8
186            Tyler, TX                                          7.7        8.1    8.7    8.8
187            Rochester, MN                                      8.1        8.5    8.7    8.8
188            Charlottesville, VA                                8.3        8.7    8.9    8.7
189            Olympia, WA                                        7.8        8.3    8.7    8.7
190            Topeka, KS                                         7.9        8.3    8.6    8.6
191            Springfield, IL                                    7.9        8.2    8.6    8.6
192            Bloomington-Normal, IL                             7.7        7.9    8.3    8.5
193            Barnstable Town, MA                                8.2        8.3    8.6    8.5
194            Champaign-Urbana, IL                               7.3        7.8    8.2    8.4
195            Elkhart-Goshen, IN                                 9.6        9.9    9.1    8.4
196            Bremerton-Silverdale, WA                           8.1        8.3    8.6    8.4
197            Lynchburg, VA                                      7.8        8.1    8.4    8.4
198            Tuscaloosa, AL                                     7.5        7.8    8.1    8.1
199            Waco, TX                                           7.1        7.5    7.9    8.0
200            Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV                      7.5        7.6    7.8    7.8



IHS Global Insight                                                                           5
                        Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                                            (US$, Billions)

Rank 2009                                                       2006       2007    2008   2009
201            Binghamton, NY                                     6.9        7.3    7.7    7.7
202            Oshkosh-Neenah, WI                                 7.0        7.2    7.5    7.6
203            St. Cloud, MN                                      6.9        7.2    7.5    7.6
204            Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA                           6.7        7.2    7.6    7.5
205            Yakima, WA                                         6.5        7.3    7.5    7.5
206            Brownsville-Harlingen, TX                          6.6        7.1    7.6    7.5
207            Lafayette, IN                                      6.7        7.1    7.4    7.4
208            Ocala, FL                                          7.5        7.6    7.6    7.4
209            Macon, GA                                          7.3        7.2    7.5    7.4
210            Bellingham, WA                                     6.6        7.2    7.4    7.3
211            Farmington, NM                                     6.4        6.5    7.2    7.3
212            Iowa City, IA                                      6.3        6.8    7.2    7.3
213            Jacksonville, NC                                   5.6        6.2    6.9    7.2
214            Napa, CA                                           6.6        7.0    7.4    7.1
215            Greeley, CO                                        6.4        6.9    7.2    7.1
216            Racine, WI                                         6.7        7.0    7.1    7.0
217            Florence, SC                                       6.7        6.7    6.8    6.8
218            Santa Fe, NM                                       6.3        6.5    6.8    6.7
219            Billings, MT                                       6.0        6.4    6.7    6.7
220            Casper, WY                                         5.7        5.7    6.5    6.7
221            Odessa, TX                                         4.8        5.5    6.3    6.5
222            Sioux City, IA-NE-SD                               5.4        5.9    6.4    6.5
223            College Station-Bryan, TX                          5.6        6.0    6.5    6.4
224            Gainesville, GA                                    5.8        6.1    6.4    6.4
225            Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL                         6.1        6.2    6.4    6.3
226            Monroe, LA                                         6.0        6.2    6.3    6.3
227            Athens-Clarke County, GA                           5.7        5.9    6.3    6.3
228            Laredo, TX                                         5.3        5.7    6.2    6.3
229            Bend, OR                                           6.0        6.2    6.2    6.2
230            Medford, OR                                        6.1        6.2    6.2    6.1
231            Columbia, MO                                       5.7        5.9    6.1    6.1
232            Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI                 6.6        6.5    6.3    6.1
233            Merced, CA                                         5.3        6.2    6.2    6.0
234            Wichita Falls, TX                                  5.3        5.5    6.0    6.0
235            Chico, CA                                          5.6        5.8    6.1    5.9
236            Eau Claire, WI                                     5.5        5.8    5.9    5.9
237            Dover, DE                                          5.6        5.9    6.1    5.9
238            Greenville, NC                                     5.3        5.7    5.9    5.9
239            Johnson City, TN                                   5.5        5.7    5.9    5.9
240            Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH                 5.3        5.4    5.7    5.8



IHS Global Insight                                                                           6
                         Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                                             (US$, Billions)

Rank 2009                                                        2006       2007    2008   2009
241            Bloomington, IN                                     5.2        5.5    5.8    5.8
242            State College, PA                                   5.0        5.3    5.6    5.6
243            Jefferson City, MO                                  5.2        5.4    5.7    5.6
244            Abilene, TX                                         4.8        5.2    5.6    5.6
245            Rocky Mount, NC                                     5.3        5.3    5.5    5.5
246            Joplin, MO                                          5.1        5.3    5.5    5.5
247            Wausau, WI                                          5.3        5.5    5.6    5.5
248            Victoria, TX                                        4.9        5.2    5.5    5.4
249            Pascagoula, MS                                      4.5        4.8    5.5    5.4
250            Morgantown, WV                                      4.6        4.9    5.3    5.4
251            Harrisonburg, VA                                    4.8        5.2    5.4    5.4
252            Pittsfield, MA                                      5.2        5.3    5.5    5.4
253            Dalton, GA                                          5.8        5.8    5.6    5.4
254            Grand Junction, CO                                  4.2        4.5    5.2    5.4
255            Niles-Benton Harbor, MI                             5.2        5.4    5.5    5.3
256            Terre Haute, IN                                     4.9        5.3    5.4    5.3
257            Bangor, ME                                          5.0        5.1    5.3    5.3
258            La Crosse, WI-MN                                    4.8        5.0    5.2    5.2
259            Redding, CA                                         5.3        5.4    5.4    5.2
260            Sheboygan, WI                                       4.9        5.2    5.2    5.2
261            Decatur, AL                                         4.9        5.1    5.3    5.2
262            Warner Robins, GA                                   4.6        4.9    5.1    5.2
263            Decatur, IL                                         4.7        5.0    5.2    5.2
264            Wheeling, WV-OH                                     4.6        4.7    5.0    5.1
265            Las Cruces, NM                                      4.4        4.7    5.0    5.1
266            Alexandria, LA                                      4.5        4.8    5.1    5.0
267            Rapid City, SD                                      4.4        4.6    4.9    4.9
268            Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA               4.7        5.0    4.9    4.8
269            Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ                    4.7        4.8    4.9    4.8
270            Yuma, AZ                                            4.4        4.7    4.9    4.8
271            Battle Creek, MI                                    4.6        4.7    4.9    4.8
272            Fairbanks, AK                                       4.6        4.6    4.8    4.8
273            Janesville, WI                                      5.0        5.0    4.9    4.7
274            Jackson, MI                                         4.7        4.8    4.9    4.7
275            Albany, GA                                          4.5        4.6    4.7    4.7
276            Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA                          4.4        4.6    4.8    4.7
277            Kingston, NY                                        4.5        4.6    4.7    4.7
278            Anderson, SC                                        4.5        4.5    4.6    4.6
279            Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI                          4.6        4.6    4.7    4.6
280            Winchester, VA-WV                                   4.6        4.8    4.8    4.6



IHS Global Insight                                                                            7
                        Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                                            (US$, Billions)

Rank 2009                                                       2006       2007    2008   2009
281            Jackson, TN                                        4.3        4.4    4.6    4.6
282            Missoula, MT                                       4.2        4.4    4.6    4.6
283            Bismarck, ND                                       3.9        4.2    4.4    4.5
284            Elizabethtown, KY                                  4.2        4.3    4.5    4.5
285            Hattiesburg, MS                                    4.2        4.3    4.5    4.5
286            Dothan, AL                                         4.4        4.5    4.4    4.4
287            Burlington, NC                                     4.3        4.4    4.4    4.4
288            Bowling Green, KY                                  4.1        4.3    4.5    4.3
289            Prescott, AZ                                       4.4        4.5    4.5    4.3
290            Flagstaff, AZ                                      4.0        4.4    4.5    4.3
291            Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL                           4.2        4.5    4.5    4.3
292            Cheyenne, WY                                       3.9        4.0    4.3    4.3
293            Owensboro, KY                                      4.0        4.1    4.2    4.3
294            Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR                        3.9        4.1    4.3    4.2
295            Yuba City, CA                                      4.0        4.2    4.3    4.2
296            Dubuque, IA                                        3.9        4.2    4.3    4.2
297            St. Joseph, MO-KS                                  3.8        4.1    4.2    4.2
298            Columbus, IN                                       3.7        3.9    4.1    4.2
299            Altoona, PA                                        3.9        4.1    4.2    4.2
300            Coeur d'Alene, ID                                  3.8        4.1    4.2    4.2
301            Lawton, OK                                         3.7        3.9    4.2    4.2
302            Lima, OH                                           4.1        4.2    4.2    4.1
303            Valdosta, GA                                       3.6        3.8    4.0    4.1
304            Pueblo, CO                                         3.5        3.7    4.0    4.0
305            Ocean City, NJ                                     3.9        3.9    4.0    4.0
306            El Centro, CA                                      3.6        3.9    4.1    4.0
307            Hanford-Corcoran, CA                               3.5        3.8    4.0    3.9
308            Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL                         3.6        3.8    3.9    3.9
309            Johnstown, PA                                      3.6        3.8    4.0    3.9
310            Salisbury, MD                                      3.7        3.9    4.0    3.9
311            Anniston-Oxford, AL                                3.5        3.8    3.9    3.9
312            Ames, IA                                           3.4        3.6    3.8    3.9
313            Grand Forks, ND-MN                                 3.3        3.6    3.8    3.9
314            Jonesboro, AR                                      3.4        3.5    3.7    3.8
315            Ithaca, NY                                         3.4        3.5    3.8    3.8
316            Corvallis, OR                                      3.5        3.7    3.9    3.7
317            Fond du Lac, WI                                    3.5        3.7    3.8    3.7
318            Glens Falls, NY                                    3.5        3.6    3.7    3.7
319            San Angelo, TX                                     3.3        3.4    3.6    3.7
320            Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH                        3.3        3.4    3.7    3.7



IHS Global Insight                                                                           8
                        Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                                            (US$, Billions)

Rank 2009                                                       2006       2007    2008   2009
321            Mansfield, OH                                      3.8        3.7    3.8    3.7
322            Williamsport, PA                                   3.5        3.6    3.8    3.7
323            Wenatchee, WA                                      3.4        3.7    3.8    3.7
324            Morristown, TN                                     3.4        3.5    3.7    3.6
325            Lebanon, PA                                        3.3        3.5    3.6    3.6
326            Madera, CA                                         3.2        3.6    3.6    3.6
327            Goldsboro, NC                                      3.5        3.6    3.6    3.6
328            Lewiston-Auburn, ME                                3.4        3.5    3.6    3.6
329            Idaho Falls, ID                                    3.2        3.6    3.7    3.6
330            Monroe, MI                                         3.8        3.8    3.7    3.6
331            Auburn-Opelika, AL                                 3.2        3.4    3.6    3.5
332            Cleveland, TN                                      3.4        3.5    3.5    3.5
333            Springfield, OH                                    3.4        3.4    3.5    3.5
334            Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ                       3.6        3.6    3.6    3.4
335            St. George, UT                                     3.3        3.5    3.4    3.4
336            Lawrence, KS                                       3.2        3.3    3.4    3.4
337            Brunswick, GA                                      3.2        3.2    3.3    3.3
338            Punta Gorda, FL                                    3.6        3.5    3.4    3.3
339            Michigan City-La Porte, IN                         3.1        3.3    3.3    3.3
340            Sherman-Denison, TX                                3.0        3.1    3.2    3.2
341            Muncie, IN                                         3.1        3.2    3.2    3.2
342            Kokomo, IN                                         3.7        3.9    3.5    3.2
343            Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA                        2.6        2.8    3.1    3.2
344            Anderson, IN                                       3.2        3.2    3.2    3.2
345            Logan, UT-ID                                       2.7        2.9    3.1    3.1
346            Kankakee-Bradley, IL                               2.8        3.0    3.1    3.1
347            Sandusky, OH                                       3.0        3.0    3.0    3.0
348            Carson City, NV                                    2.9        3.0    3.0    3.0
349            Sumter, SC                                         2.9        3.0    3.0    2.9
350            Rome, GA                                           2.9        2.9    3.0    2.9
351            Pine Bluff, AR                                     2.8        2.8    2.9    2.9
352            Longview, WA                                       2.8        2.8    2.9    2.8
353            Elmira, NY                                         2.5        2.6    2.8    2.8
354            Great Falls, MT                                    2.6        2.7    2.8    2.8
355            Bay City, MI                                       2.7        2.7    2.8    2.8
356            Danville, VA                                       2.7        2.8    2.8    2.8
357            Hot Springs, AR                                    2.5        2.5    2.6    2.7
358            Gadsden, AL                                        2.4        2.5    2.6    2.6
359            Pocatello, ID                                      2.4        2.5    2.6    2.6
360            Cumberland, MD-WV                                  2.3        2.4    2.5    2.5



IHS Global Insight                                                                           9
                        Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                                            (US$, Billions)

Rank 2009                                                       2006       2007    2008   2009
361            Danville, IL                                       2.1        2.2    2.3    2.3
362            Lewiston, ID-WA                                    1.7        1.8    1.8    1.8
363            Palm Coast, FL                                     1.4        1.3    1.3    1.2




IHS Global Insight                                                                          10
                     Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)
                                               (US$, Billions)

              Rank          Country or Metro Area                                        2008
              1             United States                                              14441.4
              2             Japan                                                       4884.9
              3             China                                                       4326.3
              4             Germany                                                     3645.7
              5             France                                                      2849.6
              6             United Kingdom                                              2652.1
              7             Italy                                                       2299.7
              8             Russia                                                      1676.7
              9             Spain                                                       1592.3
              10            Brazil                                                      1573.6
              11            Canada                                                      1499.5
              12            New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA          1264.9
              13            India                                                       1223.2
              14            Mexico                                                      1085.7
              15            Australia                                                    989.8
              16            South Korea                                                  930.7
              17            Netherlands                                                  871.7
              18            Turkey                                                       726.1
              19            Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA                         717.9
              20            Poland                                                       528.3
              21            Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI                          520.7
              22            Indonesia                                                    510.8
              23            Belgium                                                      503.2
              24            Switzerland                                                  500.5
              25            Sweden                                                       478.2
              26            Saudi Arabia                                                 468.8
              27            Norway                                                       449.6
              28            Austria                                                      412.2
              29            Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX                               403.2
              30            Taiwan                                                       402.7
              31            Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV                 395.7
              32            Venezuela                                                    389.9
              33            Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX                              379.9
              34            Iran                                                         362.9
              35            Greece                                                       349.8
              36            Denmark                                                      340.1
              37            Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD                  331.9
              38            Argentina                                                    326.5
              39            San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA                            310.8
              40            Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH                               299.6



IHS Global Insight                                                                               11
                     Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)
                                               (US$, Billions)

              Rank          Country or Metro Area                                      2008
              41            South Africa                                               276.2
              42            Thailand                                                   273.3
              43            Finland                                                    270.2
              44            Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA                         269.8
              45            Ireland                                                    266.0
              46            Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL                    261.3
              47            United Arab Emirates                                       254.4
              48            Portugal                                                   243.2
              49            Colombia                                                   243.1
              50            Malaysia                                                   221.4
              51            Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA                                218.8
              52            Czech Republic                                             216.5
              53            Hong Kong                                                  215.4
              54            Nigeria                                                    212.6
              55            Romania                                                    202.3
              56            Israel                                                     202.1
              57            Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI                                 200.9
              58            Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI                    193.9
              59            Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ                                187.4
              60            Singapore                                                  181.9
              61            Ukraine                                                    181.1
              62            Algeria                                                    170.5
              63            San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA                          169.3
              64            Chile                                                      168.9
              65            Philippines                                                167.5
              66            Egypt                                                      161.2
              67            Hungary                                                    153.9
              68            Denver-Aurora, CO                                          150.8
              69            Kuwait                                                     148.0
              70            Pakistan                                                   146.9
              71            San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA                         146.7
              72            Baltimore-Towson, MD                                       133.0
              73            Kazakhstan                                                 132.2
              74            St. Louis, MO-IL                                           128.5
              75            Peru                                                       127.1
              76            New Zealand                                                126.0
              77            Iraq                                                       119.0
              78            Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC                          118.4
              79            Pittsburgh, PA                                             114.7
              80            Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA                       113.1



IHS Global Insight                                                                             12
                     Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)
                                               (US$, Billions)

              Rank          Country or Metro Area                                      2008
              81            Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA                        112.4
              82            Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL                        110.5
              83            Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH                                104.4
              84            Orlando-Kissimmee, FL                                      104.0
              85            Kansas City, MO-KS                                         101.0
              86            Qatar                                                      100.4
              87            Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN                             98.8
              88            Las Vegas-Paradise, NV                                      97.1
              89            Indianapolis-Carmel, IN                                     96.4
              90            Slovakia                                                    94.8
              91            Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA                       93.7
              92            Puerto Rico                                                 93.3
              93            Libya                                                       93.1
              94            Vietnam                                                     90.6
              95            Columbus, OH                                                89.8
              96            Morocco                                                     85.6
              97            Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI                           82.7
              98            Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT                             81.4
              99            San Antonio, TX                                             80.9
              100           Austin-Round Rock, TX                                       80.1
              101           Bangladesh                                                  79.6
              102           Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin, TN                78.9
              103           Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC                  77.1
              104           Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT                    74.5
              105           Angola                                                      74.3
              106           New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA                             72.4
              107           Croatia                                                     69.3
              108           Cuba                                                        68.2
              109           Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA                    65.2
              110           Memphis, TN-MS-AR                                           63.8
              111           Salt Lake City, UT                                          62.5
              112           Richmond, VA                                                61.4
              113           Belarus                                                     60.3
              114           Oman                                                        59.9
              115           Jacksonville, FL                                            59.7
              116           Sudan                                                       58.0
              117           Luxembourg                                                  57.6
              118           Oklahoma City, OK                                           57.1
              119           Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN                          56.3
              120           Slovenia                                                    54.3



IHS Global Insight                                                                             13
                     Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)
                                               (US$, Billions)

              Rank          Country or Metro Area                                      2008
              121           Birmingham-Hoover, AL                                      54.3
              122           Raleigh-Cary, NC                                           53.5
              123           Syria                                                      52.9
              124           Serbia                                                     50.0
              125           Bulgaria                                                   49.9
              126           Ecuador                                                    49.5
              127           Honolulu, HI                                               48.1
              128           Lithuania                                                  47.1
              129           Dominican Republic                                         45.8
              130           Rochester, NY                                              45.4
              131           Tulsa, OK                                                  45.2
              132           Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA                                44.9
              133           Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY                                  44.0
              134           Tunisia                                                    41.3
              135           Azerbaijan                                                 41.2
              136           Sri Lanka                                                  40.7
              137           Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY                                39.3
              138           Baton Rouge, LA                                            39.2
              139           Guatemala                                                  39.0
              140           New Haven-Milford, CT                                      37.6
              141           Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA                           35.1
              142           Albuquerque, NM                                            34.9
              143           Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA                             34.3
              144           Latvia                                                     33.9
              145           Dayton, OH                                                 33.8
              146           Greensboro-High Point, NC                                  33.2
              147           Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI                                   33.1
              148           Madison, WI                                                33.0
              149           Durham, NC                                                 32.3
              150           Uruguay                                                    32.3
              151           Tucson, AZ                                                 31.8
              152           Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR                   31.0
              153           Kenya                                                      30.4
              154           Columbia, SC                                               30.1
              155           Lebanon                                                    30.0
              156           Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ                          29.7
              157           Costa Rica                                                 29.7
              158           Knoxville, TN                                              29.6
              159           Fresno, CA                                                 28.9
              160           Yemen                                                      28.7



IHS Global Insight                                                                            14
                     Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)
                                               (US$, Billions)

              Rank          Country or Metro Area                                      2008
              161           Wichita, KS                                                28.5
              162           Worcester, MA                                              28.4
              163           Akron, OH                                                  28.1
              164           Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA                                    27.9
              165           Uzbekistan                                                 27.9
              166           Bakersfield, CA                                            27.8
              167           Syracuse, NY                                               26.9
              168           El Paso, TX                                                26.4
              169           Charleston-North Charleston, SC                            26.3
              170           Anchorage, AK                                              26.3
              171           Toledo, OH                                                 26.1
              172           Cyprus                                                     25.2
              173           Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME                      24.8
              174           Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC                              24.8
              175           Trinidad and Tobago                                        24.5
              176           Trenton-Ewing, NJ                                          24.5
              177           Cameroon                                                   24.3
              178           Colorado Springs, CO                                       24.1
              179           Boise City-Nampa, ID                                       24.0
              180           Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL                              23.8
              181           Estonia                                                    23.5
              182           Jackson, MS                                                23.1
              183           Lexington-Fayette, KY                                      22.7
              184           Cote d Ivoire                                              22.5
              185           Reunion                                                    22.5
              186           Shreveport-Bossier City, LA                                22.4
              187           Springfield, MA                                            22.3
              188           North Korea                                                22.2
              189           El Salvador                                                22.1
              190           Winston-Salem, NC                                          21.9
              191           Macau                                                      21.9
              192           Bahrain                                                    21.9
              193           Jordan                                                     21.2
              194           Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL                                  21.1
              195           Panama                                                     21.1
              196           Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY                       21.0
              197           Manchester-Nashua, NH                                      20.8
              198           Chattanooga, TN-GA                                         20.8
              199           Reno-Sparks, NV                                            20.6
              200           Bosnia and Herzegovina                                     20.5



IHS Global Insight                                                                            15
                     Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)
                                               (US$, Billions)

              Rank          Country or Metro Area                                      2008
              201           Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA                                    20.2
              202           Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA                       19.6
              203           Stockton, CA                                               19.5
              204           Turkmenistan                                               19.4
              205           Lancaster, PA                                              19.4
              206           Huntsville, AL                                             19.3
              207           Scranton-Wilkes-Barre, PA                                  19.1
              208           Salinas, CA                                                18.8
              209           Lafayette, LA                                              18.5
              210           Lansing-East Lansing, MI                                   18.4
              211           Ann Arbor, MI                                              17.9
              212           Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC                             17.8
              213           Boulder, CO                                                17.8
              214           Spokane, WA                                                17.6
              215           Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO                      17.5
              216           Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL                          17.5
              217           Peoria, IL                                                 17.3
              218           Tanzania                                                   17.2
              219           Myanmar                                                    17.2
              220           Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA                          17.1
              221           Fort Wayne, IN                                             16.8
              222           Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL                        16.8
              223           Iceland                                                    16.8
              224           Ghana                                                      16.7
              225           Bolivia                                                    16.7
              226           Ogden-Clearfield, UT                                       16.5
              227           Corpus Christi, TX                                         16.2
              228           Lakeland, FL                                               16.2
              229           Paraguay                                                   16.0
              230           Uganda                                                     15.8
              231           Evansville, IN-KY                                          15.7
              232           Fayetteville, NC                                           15.6
              233           Modesto, CA                                                15.5
              234           Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX                                   15.3
              235           York-Hanover, PA                                           15.2
              236           Mobile, AL                                                 15.1
              237           Reading, PA                                                14.8
              238           Montgomery, AL                                             14.7
              239           Charleston, WV                                             14.6
              240           Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX                               14.6



IHS Global Insight                                                                            16
                     Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)
                                               (US$, Billions)

              Rank          Country or Metro Area                                      2008
              241           Zambia                                                     14.4
              242           Green Bay, WI                                              14.4
              243           Honduras                                                   14.3
              244           Springfield, MO                                            14.3
              245           Sioux Falls, SD                                            14.2
              246           Ethiopia                                                   14.2
              247           Naples-Marco Island, FL                                    14.1
              248           Brunei                                                     14.0
              249           Atlantic City, NJ                                          14.0
              250           Norwich-New London, CT                                     13.9
              251           McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX                               13.8
              252           Provo-Orem, UT                                             13.7
              253           Lincoln, NE                                                13.6
              254           Wilmington, NC                                             13.5
              255           Asheville, NC                                              13.4
              256           Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL                             13.4
              257           Vallejo-Fairfield, CA                                      13.3
              258           Savannah, GA                                               13.2
              259           Canton-Massillon, OH                                       13.1
              260           Equatorial Guinea                                          13.0
              261           Albania                                                    13.0
              262           Tallahassee, FL                                            12.8
              263           Georgia                                                    12.8
              264           Lake Charles, LA                                           12.7
              265           Cedar Rapids, IA                                           12.5
              266           Roanoke, VA                                                12.4
              267           Rockford, IL                                               12.4
              268           Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL                     12.4
              269           South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI                                12.3
              270           Senegal                                                    12.2
              271           Salem, OR                                                  12.0
              272           Armenia                                                    12.0
              273           Afghanistan                                                11.9
              274           Kalamazoo-Portage, MI                                      11.9
              275           Nepal                                                      11.8
              276           Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC                               11.8
              277           Botswana                                                   11.7
              278           Visalia-Porterville, CA                                    11.6
              279           Eugene-Springfield, OR                                     11.4
              280           Flint, MI                                                  11.4



IHS Global Insight                                                                            17
                     Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)
                                               (US$, Billions)

              Rank          Country or Metro Area                                      2008
              281           Port St. Lucie, FL                                         11.4
              282           Fort Collins-Loveland, CO                                  11.0
              283           Columbus, GA-AL                                            10.9
              284           Midland, TX                                                10.9
              285           Jamaica                                                    10.8
              286           Democratic Republic of the Congo                           10.7
              287           San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA                            10.6
              288           Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA                             10.5
              289           Burlington-South Burlington, VT                            10.3
              290           Cambodia                                                   10.2
              291           Spartanburg, SC                                            10.2
              292           Fargo, ND-MN                                               10.1
              293           Fort Smith, AR-OK                                          10.1
              294           Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA                                  9.9
              295           Gulfport-Biloxi, MS                                         9.9
              296           Duluth, MN-WI                                               9.9
              297           Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA                            9.8
              298           Amarillo, TX                                                9.8
              299           Mozambique                                                  9.7
              300           Clarksville, TN-KY                                          9.7
              301           Longview, TX                                                9.7
              302           Gainesville, FL                                             9.6
              303           Erie, PA                                                    9.5
              304           Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL                      9.5
              305           Lubbock, TX                                                 9.4
              306           Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH                                9.4
              307           Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC                  9.4
              308           Macedonia                                                   9.4
              309           Madagascar                                                  9.3
              310           Appleton, WI                                                9.3
              311           Holland-Grand Haven, MI                                     9.3
              312           Mauritius                                                   9.2
              313           Elkhart-Goshen, IN                                          9.1
              314           Charlottesville, VA                                         8.9
              315           Namibia                                                     8.8
              316           Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA                                8.8
              317           Utica-Rome, NY                                              8.7
              318           Rochester, MN                                               8.7
              319           Olympia, WA                                                 8.7
              320           Tyler, TX                                                   8.7



IHS Global Insight                                                                            18
                     Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)
                                               (US$, Billions)

              Rank          Country or Metro Area                                      2008
              321           Topeka, KS                                                  8.6
              322           Bremerton-Silverdale, WA                                    8.6
              323           Gabon                                                       8.6
              324           Barnstable Town, MA                                         8.6
              325           Springfield, IL                                             8.6
              326           Lynchburg, VA                                               8.4
              327           Malta                                                       8.3
              328           Bloomington-Normal, IL                                      8.3
              329           Papua New Guinea                                            8.2
              330           Champaign-Urbana, IL                                        8.2
              331           Tuscaloosa, AL                                              8.1
              332           Burkina Faso                                                8.1
              333           Waco, TX                                                    7.9
              334           Mali                                                        7.8
              335           Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV                               7.8
              336           Binghamton, NY                                              7.7
              337           Ocala, FL                                                   7.6
              338           Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA                                    7.6
              339           Brownsville-Harlingen, TX                                   7.6
              340           Yakima, WA                                                  7.5
              341           St. Cloud, MN                                               7.5
              342           Oshkosh-Neenah, WI                                          7.5
              343           Macon, GA                                                   7.5
              344           Bellingham, WA                                              7.4
              345           Napa, CA                                                    7.4
              346           Lafayette, IN                                               7.4
              347           Farmington, NM                                              7.2
              348           Greeley, CO                                                 7.2
              349           Iowa City, IA                                               7.2
              350           Bahamas                                                     7.1
              351           Chad                                                        7.1
              352           Racine, WI                                                  7.1
              353           Jacksonville, NC                                            6.9
              354           Santa Fe, NM                                                6.8
              355           Florence, SC                                                6.8
              356           Billings, MT                                                6.7
              357           Congo Republic Of                                           6.7
              358           College Station-Bryan, TX                                   6.5
              359           Casper, WY                                                  6.5
              360           Sioux City, IA-NE-SD                                        6.4



IHS Global Insight                                                                            19
                     Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)
                                               (US$, Billions)

              Rank          Country or Metro Area                                      2008
              361           Benin                                                       6.4
              362           Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL                                  6.4
              363           Gainesville, GA                                             6.4
              364           Monroe, LA                                                  6.3
              365           Nicaragua                                                   6.3
              366           Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI                          6.3
              367           Athens-Clarke County, GA                                    6.3
              368           Odessa, TX                                                  6.3
              369           Medford, OR                                                 6.2
              370           Bend, OR                                                    6.2
              371           Merced, CA                                                  6.2
              372           Laredo, TX                                                  6.2
              373           Columbia, MO                                                6.1
              374           Chico, CA                                                   6.1
              375           Dover, DE                                                   6.1
              376           Moldova                                                     6.0
              377           Haiti                                                       6.0
              378           Wichita Falls, TX                                           6.0
              379           Eau Claire, WI                                              5.9
              380           Greenville, NC                                              5.9
              381           Johnson City, TN                                            5.9
              382           Bloomington, IN                                             5.8
              383           Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH                          5.7
              384           Jefferson City, MO                                          5.7
              385           Dalton, GA                                                  5.6
              386           Abilene, TX                                                 5.6
              387           State College, PA                                           5.6
              388           Wausau, WI                                                  5.6
              389           Victoria, TX                                                5.5
              390           Niles-Benton Harbor, MI                                     5.5
              391           Rocky Mount, NC                                             5.5
              392           Pittsfield, MA                                              5.5
              393           Joplin, MO                                                  5.5
              394           Pascagoula, MS                                              5.5
              395           Harrisonburg, VA                                            5.4
              396           Redding, CA                                                 5.4
              397           Palestinian Authority                                       5.4
              398           Terre Haute, IN                                             5.4
              399           Niger                                                       5.4
              400           Laos                                                        5.3



IHS Global Insight                                                                            20
                     Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)
                                               (US$, Billions)

              Rank          Country or Metro Area                                      2008
              401           Guinea                                                      5.3
              402           Morgantown, WV                                              5.3
              403           Bangor, ME                                                  5.3
              404           Decatur, AL                                                 5.3
              405           Sheboygan, WI                                               5.2
              406           Grand Junction, CO                                          5.2
              407           La Crosse, WI-MN                                            5.2
              408           Decatur, IL                                                 5.2
              409           Tajikistan                                                  5.1
              410           Warner Robins, GA                                           5.1
              411           Alexandria, LA                                              5.1
              412           Kyrgyzstan                                                  5.1
              413           Las Cruces, NM                                              5.0
              414           Wheeling, WV-OH                                             5.0
              415           Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA                       4.9
              416           Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ                            4.9
              417           Yuma, AZ                                                    4.9
              418           Janesville, WI                                              4.9
              419           Battle Creek, MI                                            4.9
              420           Rapid City, SD                                              4.9
              421           Jackson, MI                                                 4.9
              422           Fairbanks, AK                                               4.8
              423           Winchester, VA-WV                                           4.8
              424           Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA                                  4.8
              425           Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI                                  4.7
              426           Albany, GA                                                  4.7
              427           Kingston, NY                                                4.7
              428           Mongolia                                                    4.7
              429           Anderson, SC                                                4.6
              430           Jackson, TN                                                 4.6
              431           Missoula, MT                                                4.6
              432           Guam                                                        4.5
              433           Prescott, AZ                                                4.5
              434           Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL                                    4.5
              435           Bowling Green, KY                                           4.5
              436           Elizabethtown, KY                                           4.5
              437           Hattiesburg, MS                                             4.5
              438           Flagstaff, AZ                                               4.5
              439           Burlington, NC                                              4.4
              440           Dothan, AL                                                  4.4



IHS Global Insight                                                                            21
                     Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)
                                               (US$, Billions)

              Rank          Country or Metro Area                                      2008
              441           Bismarck, ND                                                4.4
              442           Yuba City, CA                                               4.3
              443           Dubuque, IA                                                 4.3
              444           Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR                                 4.3
              445           Cheyenne, WY                                                4.3
              446           Owensboro, KY                                               4.2
              447           Altoona, PA                                                 4.2
              448           St. Joseph, MO-KS                                           4.2
              449           Coeur d'Alene, ID                                           4.2
              450           Lima, OH                                                    4.2
              451           Lawton, OK                                                  4.2
              452           Malawi                                                      4.1
              453           Columbus, IN                                                4.1
              454           El Centro, CA                                               4.1
              455           Valdosta, GA                                                4.0
              456           Hanford-Corcoran, CA                                        4.0
              457           Ocean City, NJ                                              4.0
              458           Salisbury, MD                                               4.0
              459           Pueblo, CO                                                  4.0
              460           Johnstown, PA                                               4.0
              461           Netherlands Antilles                                        3.9
              462           Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL                                  3.9
              463           Anniston-Oxford, AL                                         3.9
              464           Corvallis, OR                                               3.9
              465           Ames, IA                                                    3.8
              466           Wenatchee, WA                                               3.8
              467           Mansfield, OH                                               3.8
              468           Fond du Lac, WI                                             3.8
              469           Grand Forks, ND-MN                                          3.8
              470           Ithaca, NY                                                  3.8
              471           Williamsport, PA                                            3.8
              472           Glens Falls, NY                                             3.7
              473           Jonesboro, AR                                               3.7
              474           Monroe, MI                                                  3.7
              475           Andorra                                                     3.7
              476           Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH                                 3.7
              477           Morristown, TN                                              3.7
              478           Idaho Falls, ID                                             3.7
              479           Madera, CA                                                  3.7
              480           Goldsboro, NC                                               3.6



IHS Global Insight                                                                            22
                     Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)
                                               (US$, Billions)

              Rank          Country or Metro Area                                      2008
              481           San Angelo, TX                                              3.6
              482           Lewiston-Auburn, ME                                         3.6
              483           Lebanon, PA                                                 3.6
              484           Barbados                                                    3.6
              485           Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ                                3.6
              486           Auburn-Opelika, AL                                          3.6
              487           Fiji                                                        3.6
              488           Kokomo, IN                                                  3.5
              489           Cleveland, TN                                               3.5
              490           Springfield, OH                                             3.5
              491           Rwanda                                                      3.5
              492           St. George, UT                                              3.4
              493           Punta Gorda, FL                                             3.4
              494           Lawrence, KS                                                3.4
              495           Michigan City-La Porte, IN                                  3.3
              496           Brunswick, GA                                               3.3
              497           Mauritania                                                  3.3
              498           Muncie, IN                                                  3.2
              499           Anderson, IN                                                3.2
              500           Sherman-Denison, TX                                         3.2
              501           Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA                                 3.1
              502           Logan, UT-ID                                                3.1
              503           Kankakee-Bradley, IL                                        3.1
              504           Carson City, NV                                             3.0
              505           Sandusky, OH                                                3.0
              506           Rome, GA                                                    3.0
              507           Sumter, SC                                                  3.0
              508           Togo                                                        2.9
              509           Longview, WA                                                2.9
              510           Pine Bluff, AR                                              2.9
              511           Bay City, MI                                                2.8
              512           Danville, VA                                                2.8
              513           Great Falls, MT                                             2.8
              514           Elmira, NY                                                  2.8
              515           Swaziland                                                   2.8
              516           Aruba                                                       2.7
              517           Cayman Islands                                              2.7
              518           Pocatello, ID                                               2.6
              519           Hot Springs, AR                                             2.6
              520           Gadsden, AL                                                 2.6



IHS Global Insight                                                                            23
                     Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)
                                               (US$, Billions)

              Rank          Country or Metro Area                                      2008
              521           Cumberland, MD-WV                                           2.5
              522           Sierra Leone                                                2.4
              523           Danville, IL                                                2.3
              524           Central African Republic                                    2.0
              525           Zimbabwe                                                    1.9
              526           Lewiston, ID-WA                                             1.8
              527           Cape Verde                                                  1.7
              528           Lesotho                                                     1.6
              529           Belize                                                      1.4
              530           Somalia                                                     1.4
              531           Eritrea                                                     1.4
              532           Bhutan                                                      1.3
              533           Palm Coast, FL                                              1.3
              534           Antigua and Barbuda                                         1.2
              535           Maldives                                                    1.2
              536           St Lucia                                                    1.0
              537           Burundi                                                     1.0
              538           Djibouti                                                    1.0
              539           Seychelles                                                  0.9
              540           Gambia                                                      0.8
              541           Solomon Islands                                             0.6
              542           Vanuatu                                                     0.6
              543           Comoros                                                     0.5
              544           Samoa                                                       0.5
              545           Guinea-Bissau                                               0.4
              546           Dominica                                                    0.4
              547           Tonga                                                       0.3
              548           Micronesia                                                  0.2
              549           Kiribati                                                    0.1
              550           Sao Tome and Principe                                       0.1




IHS Global Insight                                                                            24
                     Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                              and Gross State Product of U.S. States
                                         (US$, Billions)

           Rank      State or Metro Area                                        2008
           1         California                                                1846.8
           2         New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA        1264.9
           3         Texas                                                     1223.5
           4         New York                                                  1144.5
           5         Florida                                                    744.1
           6         Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA                       717.9
           7         Illinois                                                   633.7
           8         Pennsylvania                                               553.3
           9         Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI                        520.7
           10        New Jersey                                                 474.9
           11        Ohio                                                       471.5
           12        Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX                             403.2
           13        North Carolina                                             400.2
           14        Georgia                                                    397.8
           15        Virginia                                                   397.0
           16        Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV               395.7
           17        Michigan                                                   382.5
           18        Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX                            379.9
           19        Massachusetts                                              365.0
           20        Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD                331.9
           21        Washington                                                 322.8
           22        San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA                          310.8
           23        Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH                             299.6
           24        Maryland                                                   273.3
           25        Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA                         269.8
           26        Minnesota                                                  262.8
           27        Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL                    261.3
           28        Indiana                                                    254.9
           29        Tennessee                                                  252.1
           30        Arizona                                                    248.9
           31        Colorado                                                   248.6
           32        Wisconsin                                                  240.4
           33        Missouri                                                   237.8
           34        Louisiana                                                  222.2
           35        Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA                                218.8
           36        Connecticut                                                216.2
           37        Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI                                 200.9
           38        Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI                    193.9
           39        Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ                                187.4



IHS Global Insight                                                                      25
                     Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                              and Gross State Product of U.S. States
                                         (US$, Billions)

           Rank      State or Metro Area                                       2008
           40        Alabama                                                   170.0
           41        San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA                         169.3
           42        Oregon                                                    161.6
           43        Kentucky                                                  156.4
           44        South Carolina                                            156.4
           45        Denver-Aurora, CO                                         150.8
           46        San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA                        146.7
           47        Oklahoma                                                  146.4
           48        Iowa                                                      135.7
           49        Baltimore-Towson, MD                                      133.0
           50        Nevada                                                    131.2
           51        St. Louis, MO-IL                                          128.5
           52        Kansas                                                    122.7
           53        Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC                         118.4
           54        Pittsburgh, PA                                            114.7
           55        Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA                      113.1
           56        Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA                       112.4
           57        Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL                       110.5
           58        Utah                                                      109.8
           59        Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH                               104.4
           60        Orlando-Kissimmee, FL                                     104.0
           61        Kansas City, MO-KS                                        101.0
           62        Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN                            98.8
           63        Arkansas                                                   98.3
           64        District Of Columbia                                       97.2
           65        Las Vegas-Paradise, NV                                     97.1
           66        Indianapolis-Carmel, IN                                    96.4
           67        Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA                      93.7
           68        Mississippi                                                91.8
           69        Columbus, OH                                               89.8
           70        Nebraska                                                   83.3
           71        Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI                          82.7
           72        Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT                            81.4
           73        San Antonio, TX                                            80.9
           74        Austin-Round Rock, TX                                      80.1
           75        New Mexico                                                 79.9
           76        Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin, TN               78.9
           77        Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC                 77.1
           78        Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT                   74.5



IHS Global Insight                                                                     26
                     Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                              and Gross State Product of U.S. States
                                         (US$, Billions)

           Rank      State or Metro Area                                       2008
           79        New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA                           72.4
           80        Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA                  65.2
           81        Hawaii                                                    63.8
           82        Memphis, TN-MS-AR                                         63.8
           83        Salt Lake City, UT                                        62.5
           84        Delaware                                                  61.8
           85        West Virginia                                             61.7
           86        Richmond, VA                                              61.4
           87        New Hampshire                                             60.0
           88        Jacksonville, FL                                          59.7
           89        Oklahoma City, OK                                         57.1
           90        Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN                        56.3
           91        Birmingham-Hoover, AL                                     54.3
           92        Raleigh-Cary, NC                                          53.5
           93        Idaho                                                     52.7
           94        Maine                                                     49.7
           95        Honolulu, HI                                              48.1
           96        Alaska                                                    47.9
           97        Rhode Island                                              47.4
           98        Rochester, NY                                             45.4
           99        Tulsa, OK                                                 45.2
           100       Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA                               44.9
           101       Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY                                 44.0
           102       Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY                               39.3
           103       Baton Rouge, LA                                           39.2
           104       New Haven-Milford, CT                                     37.6
           105       South Dakota                                              37.0
           106       Montana                                                   35.9
           107       Wyoming                                                   35.3
           108       Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA                          35.1
           109       Albuquerque, NM                                           34.9
           110       Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA                            34.3
           111       Dayton, OH                                                33.8
           112       Greensboro-High Point, NC                                 33.2
           113       Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI                                  33.1
           114       Madison, WI                                               33.0
           115       Durham, NC                                                32.3
           116       Tucson, AZ                                                31.8
           117       North Dakota                                              31.2



IHS Global Insight                                                                    27
                     Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                              and Gross State Product of U.S. States
                                         (US$, Billions)

           Rank      State or Metro Area                                       2008
           118       Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR                  31.0
           119       Columbia, SC                                              30.1
           120       Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ                         29.7
           121       Knoxville, TN                                             29.6
           122       Fresno, CA                                                28.9
           123       Wichita, KS                                               28.5
           124       Worcester, MA                                             28.4
           125       Akron, OH                                                 28.1
           126       Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA                                   27.9
           127       Bakersfield, CA                                           27.8
           128       Syracuse, NY                                              26.9
           129       El Paso, TX                                               26.4
           130       Charleston-North Charleston, SC                           26.3
           131       Anchorage, AK                                             26.3
           132       Toledo, OH                                                26.1
           133       Vermont                                                   25.4
           134       Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME                     24.8
           135       Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC                             24.8
           136       Trenton-Ewing, NJ                                         24.5
           137       Colorado Springs, CO                                      24.1
           138       Boise City-Nampa, ID                                      24.0
           139       Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL                             23.8
           140       Jackson, MS                                               23.1
           141       Lexington-Fayette, KY                                     22.7
           142       Shreveport-Bossier City, LA                               22.4
           143       Springfield, MA                                           22.3
           144       Winston-Salem, NC                                         21.9
           145       Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL                                 21.1
           146       Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY                      21.0
           147       Manchester-Nashua, NH                                     20.8
           148       Chattanooga, TN-GA                                        20.8
           149       Reno-Sparks, NV                                           20.6
           150       Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA                                   20.2
           151       Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA                      19.6
           152       Stockton, CA                                              19.5
           153       Lancaster, PA                                             19.4
           154       Huntsville, AL                                            19.3
           155       Scranton-Wilkes-Barre, PA                                 19.1
           156       Salinas, CA                                               18.8



IHS Global Insight                                                                    28
                     Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                              and Gross State Product of U.S. States
                                         (US$, Billions)

           Rank      State or Metro Area                                       2008
           157       Lafayette, LA                                             18.5
           158       Lansing-East Lansing, MI                                  18.4
           159       Ann Arbor, MI                                             17.9
           160       Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC                            17.8
           161       Boulder, CO                                               17.8
           162       Spokane, WA                                               17.6
           163       Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO                     17.5
           164       Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL                         17.5
           165       Peoria, IL                                                17.3
           166       Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA                         17.1
           167       Fort Wayne, IN                                            16.8
           168       Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL                       16.8
           169       Ogden-Clearfield, UT                                      16.5
           170       Corpus Christi, TX                                        16.2
           171       Lakeland, FL                                              16.2
           172       Evansville, IN-KY                                         15.7
           173       Fayetteville, NC                                          15.6
           174       Modesto, CA                                               15.5
           175       Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX                                  15.3
           176       York-Hanover, PA                                          15.2
           177       Mobile, AL                                                15.1
           178       Reading, PA                                               14.8
           179       Montgomery, AL                                            14.7
           180       Charleston, WV                                            14.6
           181       Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX                              14.6
           182       Green Bay, WI                                             14.4
           183       Springfield, MO                                           14.3
           184       Sioux Falls, SD                                           14.2
           185       Naples-Marco Island, FL                                   14.1
           186       Atlantic City, NJ                                         14.0
           187       Norwich-New London, CT                                    13.9
           188       McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX                              13.8
           189       Provo-Orem, UT                                            13.7
           190       Lincoln, NE                                               13.6
           191       Wilmington, NC                                            13.5
           192       Asheville, NC                                             13.4
           193       Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL                            13.4
           194       Vallejo-Fairfield, CA                                     13.3
           195       Savannah, GA                                              13.2



IHS Global Insight                                                                    29
                     Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                              and Gross State Product of U.S. States
                                         (US$, Billions)

           Rank      State or Metro Area                                       2008
           196       Canton-Massillon, OH                                      13.1
           197       Tallahassee, FL                                           12.8
           198       Lake Charles, LA                                          12.7
           199       Cedar Rapids, IA                                          12.5
           200       Roanoke, VA                                               12.4
           201       Rockford, IL                                              12.4
           202       Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL                    12.4
           203       South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI                               12.3
           204       Salem, OR                                                 12.0
           205       Kalamazoo-Portage, MI                                     11.9
           206       Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC                              11.8
           207       Visalia-Porterville, CA                                   11.6
           208       Eugene-Springfield, OR                                    11.4
           209       Flint, MI                                                 11.4
           210       Port St. Lucie, FL                                        11.4
           211       Fort Collins-Loveland, CO                                 11.0
           212       Columbus, GA-AL                                           10.9
           213       Midland, TX                                               10.9
           214       San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA                           10.6
           215       Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA                            10.5
           216       Burlington-South Burlington, VT                           10.3
           217       Spartanburg, SC                                           10.2
           218       Fargo, ND-MN                                              10.1
           219       Fort Smith, AR-OK                                         10.1
           220       Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA                                 9.9
           221       Gulfport-Biloxi, MS                                        9.9
           222       Duluth, MN-WI                                              9.9
           223       Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA                           9.8
           224       Amarillo, TX                                               9.8
           225       Clarksville, TN-KY                                         9.7
           226       Longview, TX                                               9.7
           227       Gainesville, FL                                            9.6
           228       Erie, PA                                                   9.5
           229       Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL                     9.5
           230       Lubbock, TX                                                9.4
           231       Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH                               9.4
           232       Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC                 9.4
           233       Appleton, WI                                               9.3
           234       Holland-Grand Haven, MI                                    9.3



IHS Global Insight                                                                    30
                     Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                              and Gross State Product of U.S. States
                                         (US$, Billions)

           Rank      State or Metro Area                                       2008
           235       Elkhart-Goshen, IN                                         9.1
           236       Charlottesville, VA                                        8.9
           237       Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA                               8.8
           238       Utica-Rome, NY                                             8.7
           239       Rochester, MN                                              8.7
           240       Olympia, WA                                                8.7
           241       Tyler, TX                                                  8.7
           242       Topeka, KS                                                 8.6
           243       Bremerton-Silverdale, WA                                   8.6
           244       Barnstable Town, MA                                        8.6
           245       Springfield, IL                                            8.6
           246       Lynchburg, VA                                              8.4
           247       Bloomington-Normal, IL                                     8.3
           248       Champaign-Urbana, IL                                       8.2
           249       Tuscaloosa, AL                                             8.1
           250       Waco, TX                                                   7.9
           251       Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV                              7.8
           252       Binghamton, NY                                             7.7
           253       Ocala, FL                                                  7.6
           254       Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA                                   7.6
           255       Brownsville-Harlingen, TX                                  7.6
           256       Yakima, WA                                                 7.5
           257       St. Cloud, MN                                              7.5
           258       Oshkosh-Neenah, WI                                         7.5
           259       Macon, GA                                                  7.5
           260       Bellingham, WA                                             7.4
           261       Napa, CA                                                   7.4
           262       Lafayette, IN                                              7.4
           263       Farmington, NM                                             7.2
           264       Greeley, CO                                                7.2
           265       Iowa City, IA                                              7.2
           266       Racine, WI                                                 7.1
           267       Jacksonville, NC                                           6.9
           268       Santa Fe, NM                                               6.8
           269       Florence, SC                                               6.8
           270       Billings, MT                                               6.7
           271       College Station-Bryan, TX                                  6.5
           272       Casper, WY                                                 6.5
           273       Sioux City, IA-NE-SD                                       6.4



IHS Global Insight                                                                    31
                     Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                              and Gross State Product of U.S. States
                                         (US$, Billions)

           Rank      State or Metro Area                                       2008
           274       Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL                                 6.4
           275       Gainesville, GA                                            6.4
           276       Monroe, LA                                                 6.3
           277       Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI                         6.3
           278       Athens-Clarke County, GA                                   6.3
           279       Odessa, TX                                                 6.3
           280       Medford, OR                                                6.2
           281       Bend, OR                                                   6.2
           282       Merced, CA                                                 6.2
           283       Laredo, TX                                                 6.2
           284       Columbia, MO                                               6.1
           285       Chico, CA                                                  6.1
           286       Dover, DE                                                  6.1
           287       Wichita Falls, TX                                          6.0
           288       Eau Claire, WI                                             5.9
           289       Greenville, NC                                             5.9
           290       Johnson City, TN                                           5.9
           291       Bloomington, IN                                            5.8
           292       Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH                         5.7
           293       Jefferson City, MO                                         5.7
           294       Dalton, GA                                                 5.6
           295       Abilene, TX                                                5.6
           296       State College, PA                                          5.6
           297       Wausau, WI                                                 5.6
           298       Victoria, TX                                               5.5
           299       Niles-Benton Harbor, MI                                    5.5
           300       Rocky Mount, NC                                            5.5
           301       Pittsfield, MA                                             5.5
           302       Joplin, MO                                                 5.5
           303       Pascagoula, MS                                             5.5
           304       Harrisonburg, VA                                           5.4
           305       Redding, CA                                                5.4
           306       Terre Haute, IN                                            5.4
           307       Morgantown, WV                                             5.3
           308       Bangor, ME                                                 5.3
           309       Decatur, AL                                                5.3
           310       Sheboygan, WI                                              5.2
           311       Grand Junction, CO                                         5.2
           312       La Crosse, WI-MN                                           5.2



IHS Global Insight                                                                    32
                     Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                              and Gross State Product of U.S. States
                                         (US$, Billions)

           Rank      State or Metro Area                                       2008
           313       Decatur, IL                                                5.2
           314       Warner Robins, GA                                          5.1
           315       Alexandria, LA                                             5.1
           316       Las Cruces, NM                                             5.0
           317       Wheeling, WV-OH                                            5.0
           318       Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA                      4.9
           319       Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ                           4.9
           320       Yuma, AZ                                                   4.9
           321       Janesville, WI                                             4.9
           322       Battle Creek, MI                                           4.9
           323       Rapid City, SD                                             4.9
           324       Jackson, MI                                                4.9
           325       Fairbanks, AK                                              4.8
           326       Winchester, VA-WV                                          4.8
           327       Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA                                 4.8
           328       Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI                                 4.7
           329       Albany, GA                                                 4.7
           330       Kingston, NY                                               4.7
           331       Anderson, SC                                               4.6
           332       Jackson, TN                                                4.6
           333       Missoula, MT                                               4.6
           334       Prescott, AZ                                               4.5
           335       Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL                                   4.5
           336       Bowling Green, KY                                          4.5
           337       Elizabethtown, KY                                          4.5
           338       Hattiesburg, MS                                            4.5
           339       Flagstaff, AZ                                              4.5
           340       Burlington, NC                                             4.4
           341       Dothan, AL                                                 4.4
           342       Bismarck, ND                                               4.4
           343       Yuba City, CA                                              4.3
           344       Dubuque, IA                                                4.3
           345       Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR                                4.3
           346       Cheyenne, WY                                               4.3
           347       Owensboro, KY                                              4.2
           348       Altoona, PA                                                4.2
           349       St. Joseph, MO-KS                                          4.2
           350       Coeur d'Alene, ID                                          4.2
           351       Lima, OH                                                   4.2



IHS Global Insight                                                                    33
                     Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                              and Gross State Product of U.S. States
                                         (US$, Billions)

           Rank      State or Metro Area                                       2008
           352       Lawton, OK                                                 4.2
           353       Columbus, IN                                               4.1
           354       El Centro, CA                                              4.1
           355       Valdosta, GA                                               4.0
           356       Hanford-Corcoran, CA                                       4.0
           357       Ocean City, NJ                                             4.0
           358       Salisbury, MD                                              4.0
           359       Pueblo, CO                                                 4.0
           360       Johnstown, PA                                              4.0
           361       Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL                                 3.9
           362       Anniston-Oxford, AL                                        3.9
           363       Corvallis, OR                                              3.9
           364       Ames, IA                                                   3.8
           365       Wenatchee, WA                                              3.8
           366       Mansfield, OH                                              3.8
           367       Fond du Lac, WI                                            3.8
           368       Grand Forks, ND-MN                                         3.8
           369       Ithaca, NY                                                 3.8
           370       Williamsport, PA                                           3.8
           371       Glens Falls, NY                                            3.7
           372       Jonesboro, AR                                              3.7
           373       Monroe, MI                                                 3.7
           374       Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH                                3.7
           375       Morristown, TN                                             3.7
           376       Idaho Falls, ID                                            3.7
           377       Madera, CA                                                 3.7
           378       Goldsboro, NC                                              3.6
           379       San Angelo, TX                                             3.6
           380       Lewiston-Auburn, ME                                        3.6
           381       Lebanon, PA                                                3.6
           382       Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ                               3.6
           383       Auburn-Opelika, AL                                         3.6
           384       Kokomo, IN                                                 3.5
           385       Cleveland, TN                                              3.5
           386       Springfield, OH                                            3.5
           387       St. George, UT                                             3.4
           388       Punta Gorda, FL                                            3.4
           389       Lawrence, KS                                               3.4
           390       Michigan City-La Porte, IN                                 3.3



IHS Global Insight                                                                    34
                     Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
                              and Gross State Product of U.S. States
                                         (US$, Billions)

           Rank      State or Metro Area                                       2008
           391       Brunswick, GA                                              3.3
           392       Muncie, IN                                                 3.2
           393       Anderson, IN                                               3.2
           394       Sherman-Denison, TX                                        3.2
           395       Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA                                3.1
           396       Logan, UT-ID                                               3.1
           397       Kankakee-Bradley, IL                                       3.1
           398       Carson City, NV                                            3.0
           399       Sandusky, OH                                               3.0
           400       Rome, GA                                                   3.0
           401       Sumter, SC                                                 3.0
           402       Longview, WA                                               2.9
           403       Pine Bluff, AR                                             2.9
           404       Bay City, MI                                               2.8
           405       Danville, VA                                               2.8
           406       Great Falls, MT                                            2.8
           407       Elmira, NY                                                 2.8
           408       Pocatello, ID                                              2.6
           409       Hot Springs, AR                                            2.6
           410       Gadsden, AL                                                2.6
           411       Cumberland, MD-WV                                          2.5
           412       Danville, IL                                               2.3
           413       Lewiston, ID-WA                                            1.8
           414       Palm Coast, FL                                             1.3




IHS Global Insight                                                                    35
                Table 4: The Gross Metropolitan Product of the Top 10 Metro Areas in 2008
                        Exceeded the Combined Output of the Following 36 States

            Total Gross Metro Product:                           Total Gross State Product:
                     $4.89 trillion                                      $4.81 trillion

            New York, NY-NJ-PA                   Is greater        Vermont
            Los Angeles, CA                         than           North Dakota
            Chicago, IL-IN-WI                                      Wyoming
            Houston, TX                              >             Montana
            Washington, DC-VA-MD-WV                                South Dakota
            Dallas-Fort Worth, TX                                  Rhode Island
            Philadelphia, PA-NJ-DE-MD                              Alaska
            San Francisco, CA                                      Maine
            Boston, MA-NH                                          Idaho
            Atlanta, GA                                            New Hampshire
                                                                   West Virginia
                                                                   Delaware
                                                                   Hawaii
                                                                   New Mexico
                                                                   Nebraska
                                                                   Mississippi
                                                                   Arkansas
                                                                   Utah
                                                                   Kansas
                                                                   Nevada
                                                                   Iowa
                                                                   Oklahoma
                                                                   South Carolina
                                                                   Kentucky
                                                                   Oregon
                                                                   Alabama
                                                                   Connecticut
                                                                   Louisiana
                                                                   Missouri
                                                                   Wisconsin
                                                                   Colorado
                                                                   Arizona
                                                                   Tennessee
                                                                   Indiana
                                                                   Minnesota
                                                                   Maryland




IHS Global Insight                                                                            36
                Table 5: Average Annual Growth of U.S. Metro Area Economies (1998-2008)

                                                                                       Average Annual
Growth Rank                                                         1998        2008      Growth Rate
                                                                    US$ Billions                   %
1          Casper, WY                                                 2.3       6.5              10.7
2          St. George, UT                                             1.5       3.4               8.9
3          Midland, TX                                                4.7      10.9               8.8
4          Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA                             4.7      10.5               8.5
5          Grand Junction, CO                                         2.4       5.2               8.3
6          Odessa, TX                                                 2.8       6.3               8.2
7          Lake Charles, LA                                           5.8      12.7               8.2
8          Las Vegas-Paradise, NV                                    44.1      97.1               8.2
9          McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX                               6.3      13.8               8.1
10         Farmington, NM                                             3.3       7.2               8.1
11         Longview, TX                                               4.5       9.7               8.1
12         Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX                               6.8      14.6               8.0
13         Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA                                1.5       3.1               8.0
14         Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX                           187.7     403.2               7.9
15         Port St. Lucie, FL                                         5.3      11.4               7.9
16         Lafayette, LA                                              8.7      18.5               7.9
17         Coeur d'Alene, ID                                          2.0       4.2               7.8
18         Victoria, TX                                               2.6       5.5               7.8
19         Hanford-Corcoran, CA                                       1.9       4.0               7.6
20         Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO                      8.4      17.5               7.6
21         Yuma, AZ                                                   2.4       4.9               7.6
22         Prescott, AZ                                               2.2       4.5               7.6
23         Madera, CA                                                 1.8       3.7               7.5
24         Laredo, TX                                                 3.0       6.2               7.5
25         Palm Coast, FL                                             0.6       1.3               7.5
26         Baton Rouge, LA                                           19.1      39.2               7.4
27         Jacksonville, NC                                           3.4       6.9               7.4
28         Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA                                 2.3       4.8               7.4
29         Morgantown, WV                                             2.6       5.3               7.3
30         Bakersfield, CA                                           13.7      27.8               7.3
31         Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ                               1.8       3.6               7.3
32         Vallejo-Fairfield, CA                                      6.6      13.3               7.3
33         Bend, OR                                                   3.1       6.2               7.2
34         Naples-Marco Island, FL                                    7.0      14.1               7.2
35         Anchorage, AK                                             13.1      26.3               7.2
36         Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL                                   2.3       4.5               7.1
37         Clarksville, TN-KY                                         4.9       9.7               7.1
38         Shreveport-Bossier City, LA                               11.3      22.4               7.1
39         Napa, CA                                                   3.8       7.4               7.0
40         Provo-Orem, UT                                             7.0      13.7               6.9


IHS Global Insight                                                                                 37
                Table 5: Average Annual Growth of U.S. Metro Area Economies (1998-2008)

                                                                                       Average Annual
Growth Rank                                                         1998        2008      Growth Rate
                                                                    US$ Billions                   %
41         Orlando-Kissimmee, FL                                     53.2     104.0               6.9
42         Durham, NC                                                16.6      32.3               6.9
43         Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL                                 10.9      21.1               6.9
44         San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA                            5.5      10.6               6.8
45         Visalia-Porterville, CA                                    6.0      11.6               6.8
46         Cheyenne, WY                                               2.2       4.3               6.8
47         Fairbanks, AK                                              2.5       4.8               6.8
48         Austin-Round Rock, TX                                     41.6      80.1               6.8
49         Bellingham, WA                                             3.9       7.4               6.8
50         Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL                     4.9       9.5               6.7
51         Oklahoma City, OK                                         29.8      57.1               6.7
52         Punta Gorda, FL                                            1.8       3.4               6.7
53         Las Cruces, NM                                             2.6       5.0               6.7
54         Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA                      59.4     113.1               6.7
55         Raleigh-Cary, NC                                          28.1      53.5               6.6
56         Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL                                 3.4       6.4               6.6
57         Flagstaff, AZ                                              2.4       4.5               6.6
58         San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA                         89.6     169.3               6.6
59         Yuba City, CA                                              2.3       4.3               6.6
60         Charleston-North Charleston, SC                           14.0      26.3               6.6
61         Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV             210.0     395.7               6.5
62         Huntsville, AL                                            10.3      19.3               6.5
63         Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA                     50.1      93.7               6.4
64         Wenatchee, WA                                              2.0       3.8               6.4
65         Ocala, FL                                                  4.1       7.6               6.4
66         San Antonio, TX                                           43.4      80.9               6.4
67         Warner Robins, GA                                          2.7       5.1               6.4
68         Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA                               4.7       8.8               6.4
69         Merced, CA                                                 3.3       6.2               6.3
70         Fayetteville, NC                                           8.5      15.6               6.3
71         Logan, UT-ID                                               1.7       3.1               6.3
72         Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX                          206.3     379.9               6.3
73         Alexandria, LA                                             2.8       5.1               6.3
74         Auburn-Opelika, AL                                         1.9       3.6               6.3
75         Tuscaloosa, AL                                             4.4       8.1               6.3
76         Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA                          19.1      35.1               6.3
77         Stockton, CA                                              10.7      19.5               6.2
78         Corpus Christi, TX                                         8.9      16.2               6.2
79         College Station-Bryan, TX                                  3.5       6.5               6.2



IHS Global Insight                                                                                 38
                Table 5: Average Annual Growth of U.S. Metro Area Economies (1998-2008)

                                                                                       Average Annual
Growth Rank                                                         1998        2008      Growth Rate
                                                                    US$ Billions                   %
80         Amarillo, TX                                               5.4       9.8               6.2
81         Greeley, CO                                                4.0       7.2               6.2
82         Billings, MT                                               3.7       6.7               6.2
83         Modesto, CA                                                8.5      15.5               6.1
84         Ogden-Clearfield, UT                                       9.1      16.5               6.1
85         Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ                              103.5     187.4               6.1
86         Tyler, TX                                                  4.8       8.7               6.1
87         Sioux Falls, SD                                            7.9      14.2               6.1
88         Dover, DE                                                  3.4       6.1               6.1
89         Salinas, CA                                               10.5      18.8               6.0
90         Fresno, CA                                                16.1      28.9               6.0
91         Charlottesville, VA                                        5.0       8.9               6.0
92         Brownsville-Harlingen, TX                                  4.2       7.6               6.0
93         Missoula, MT                                               2.5       4.6               6.0
94         Iowa City, IA                                              4.0       7.2               5.9
95         Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC                         66.5     118.4               5.9
96         Olympia, WA                                                4.9       8.7               5.9
97         Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC                 5.3       9.4               5.9
98         Fort Collins-Loveland, CO                                  6.2      11.0               5.9
99         El Centro, CA                                              2.3       4.1               5.9
100        Wichita Falls, TX                                          3.4       6.0               5.8
101        Abilene, TX                                                3.2       5.6               5.8
102        Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL                  148.5     261.3               5.8
103        Boise City-Nampa, ID                                      13.7      24.0               5.8
104        Trenton-Ewing, NJ                                         13.9      24.5               5.8
105        Fargo, ND-MN                                               5.7      10.1               5.8
106        Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL                         10.0      17.5               5.8
107        Bismarck, ND                                               2.5       4.4               5.8
108        Tulsa, OK                                                 25.9      45.2               5.7
109        Madison, WI                                               18.9      33.0               5.7
110        Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC                44.2      77.1               5.7
111        Pascagoula, MS                                             3.1       5.5               5.7
112        Chico, CA                                                  3.5       6.1               5.7
113        Carson City, NV                                            1.8       3.0               5.7
114        Salt Lake City, UT                                        36.1      62.5               5.7
115        Rapid City, SD                                             2.8       4.9               5.6
116        Salisbury, MD                                              2.3       4.0               5.6
117        Lawton, OK                                                 2.4       4.2               5.6
118        Wilmington, NC                                             7.8      13.5               5.6



IHS Global Insight                                                                                 39
                Table 5: Average Annual Growth of U.S. Metro Area Economies (1998-2008)

                                                                                       Average Annual
Growth Rank                                                         1998        2008      Growth Rate
                                                                    US$ Billions                   %
119        Denver-Aurora, CO                                         87.3     150.8               5.6
120        Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL                       64.1     110.5               5.6
121        Santa Fe, NM                                               3.9       6.8               5.6
122        Reno-Sparks, NV                                           11.9      20.6               5.6
123        Gainesville, FL                                            5.6       9.6               5.6
124        Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL                             13.9      23.8               5.6
125        Rochester, MN                                              5.1       8.7               5.6
126        Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA                      11.4      19.6               5.6
127        Redding, CA                                                3.1       5.4               5.6
128        San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA                        181.5     310.8               5.5
129        Jacksonville, FL                                          34.9      59.7               5.5
130        Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY                      12.3      21.0               5.5
131        Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX                                   9.0      15.3               5.5
132        Tucson, AZ                                                18.7      31.8               5.4
133        Ithaca, NY                                                 2.2       3.8               5.4
134        Bremerton-Silverdale, WA                                   5.1       8.6               5.4
135        Waco, TX                                                   4.7       7.9               5.4
136        Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA                            20.3      34.3               5.4
137        Savannah, GA                                               7.8      13.2               5.4
138        Yakima, WA                                                 4.5       7.5               5.4
139        Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin, TN              46.8      78.9               5.4
140        Idaho Falls, ID                                            2.2       3.7               5.4
141        Norwich-New London, CT                                     8.3      13.9               5.4
142        Ocean City, NJ                                             2.4       4.0               5.3
143        Winchester, VA-WV                                          2.8       4.8               5.3
144        Ames, IA                                                   2.3       3.8               5.3
145        Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR                                2.6       4.3               5.3
146        Lubbock, TX                                                5.6       9.4               5.3
147        Hattiesburg, MS                                            2.7       4.5               5.3
148        State College, PA                                          3.3       5.6               5.3
149        Colorado Springs, CO                                      14.4      24.1               5.3
150        Greenville, NC                                             3.6       5.9               5.3
151        New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA       758.2    1264.9               5.3
152        El Paso, TX                                               15.8      26.4               5.2
153        Johnson City, TN                                           3.6       5.9               5.2
154        Lakeland, FL                                               9.8      16.2               5.2
155        Honolulu, HI                                              29.0      48.1               5.2
156        Knoxville, TN                                             17.9      29.6               5.2
157        St. Cloud, MN                                              4.6       7.5               5.2



IHS Global Insight                                                                                 40
                Table 5: Average Annual Growth of U.S. Metro Area Economies (1998-2008)

                                                                                       Average Annual
Growth Rank                                                         1998        2008      Growth Rate
                                                                    US$ Billions                   %
158        Peoria, IL                                                10.5      17.3               5.2
159        Corvallis, OR                                              2.3       3.9               5.1
160        Lebanon, PA                                                2.2       3.6               5.1
161        Baltimore-Towson, MD                                      80.8     133.0               5.1
162        Bloomington-Normal, IL                                     5.0       8.3               5.1
163        York-Hanover, PA                                           9.3      15.2               5.0
164        Bowling Green, KY                                          2.7       4.5               5.0
165        Fort Smith, AR-OK                                          6.2      10.1               5.0
166        Champaign-Urbana, IL                                       5.0       8.2               5.0
167        Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY                               24.1      39.3               5.0
168        Decatur, AL                                                3.2       5.3               5.0
169        Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA                               27.6      44.9               5.0
170        Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA                              134.8     218.8               5.0
171        Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA                       69.3     112.4               5.0
172        Lewiston-Auburn, ME                                        2.2       3.6               5.0
173        Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME                     15.4      24.8               4.9
174        Anniston-Oxford, AL                                        2.4       3.9               4.9
175        Medford, OR                                                3.9       6.2               4.9
176        Kingston, NY                                               2.9       4.7               4.9
177        Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA                                   4.7       7.6               4.9
178        Tallahassee, FL                                            7.9      12.8               4.9
179        Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV                              4.9       7.8               4.9
180        Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA                       167.8     269.8               4.9
181        Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA                                   12.6      20.2               4.9
182        Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL                             8.4      13.4               4.8
183        St. Joseph, MO-KS                                          2.6       4.2               4.8
184        Spokane, WA                                               11.0      17.6               4.8
185        New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA                           45.3      72.4               4.8
186        Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA                     449.1     717.9               4.8
187        Montgomery, AL                                             9.2      14.7               4.8
188        Monroe, LA                                                 4.0       6.3               4.8
189        Burlington-South Burlington, VT                            6.4      10.3               4.8
190        Boulder, CO                                               11.2      17.8               4.8
191        Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL                     7.8      12.4               4.8
192        Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI                  122.2     193.9               4.7
193        Eau Claire, WI                                             3.8       5.9               4.7
194        Brunswick, GA                                              2.1       3.3               4.7
195        Asheville, NC                                              8.5      13.4               4.7
196        Gainesville, GA                                            4.0       6.4               4.7



IHS Global Insight                                                                                 41
                Table 5: Average Annual Growth of U.S. Metro Area Economies (1998-2008)

                                                                                       Average Annual
Growth Rank                                                         1998        2008      Growth Rate
                                                                    US$ Billions                   %
197        Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA                  41.3      65.2               4.7
198        Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR                  19.7      31.0               4.7
199        San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA                        93.2     146.7               4.6
200        San Angelo, TX                                             2.3       3.6               4.6
201        Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD              211.0     331.9               4.6
202        Wheeling, WV-OH                                            3.2       5.0               4.6
203        Richmond, VA                                              39.1      61.4               4.6
204        Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH                           191.2     299.6               4.6
205        Athens-Clarke County, GA                                   4.0       6.3               4.6
206        Manchester-Nashua, NH                                     13.3      20.8               4.6
207        Lincoln, NE                                                8.7      13.6               4.6
208        Columbia, SC                                              19.2      30.1               4.6
209        Lawrence, KS                                               2.2       3.4               4.6
210        Barnstable Town, MA                                        5.5       8.6               4.5
211        Indianapolis-Carmel, IN                                   61.9      96.4               4.5
212        Jackson, MS                                               14.8      23.1               4.5
213        Springfield, MO                                            9.2      14.3               4.5
214        Glens Falls, NY                                            2.4       3.7               4.5
215        Birmingham-Hoover, AL                                     35.0      54.3               4.5
216        Grand Forks, ND-MN                                         2.4       3.8               4.4
217        Appleton, WI                                               6.0       9.3               4.4
218        Hot Springs, AR                                            1.7       2.6               4.4
219        Duluth, MN-WI                                              6.4       9.9               4.4
220        Dubuque, IA                                                2.8       4.3               4.4
221        Cedar Rapids, IA                                           8.1      12.5               4.4
222        Sherman-Denison, TX                                        2.1       3.2               4.4
223        Kansas City, MO-KS                                        65.8     101.0               4.4
224        Memphis, TN-MS-AR                                         41.6      63.8               4.4
225        Chattanooga, TN-GA                                        13.6      20.8               4.4
226        Eugene-Springfield, OR                                     7.5      11.4               4.3
227        Charleston, WV                                             9.5      14.6               4.3
228        Gulfport-Biloxi, MS                                        6.5       9.9               4.3
229        Mobile, AL                                                 9.9      15.1               4.3
230        Dothan, AL                                                 2.9       4.4               4.3
231        Elizabethtown, KY                                          2.9       4.5               4.3
232        Salem, OR                                                  7.9      12.0               4.3
233        Pittsburgh, PA                                            75.7     114.7               4.2
234        Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL                                 2.6       3.9               4.2
235        Reading, PA                                                9.8      14.8               4.2



IHS Global Insight                                                                                 42
                Table 5: Average Annual Growth of U.S. Metro Area Economies (1998-2008)

                                                                                       Average Annual
Growth Rank                                                         1998        2008      Growth Rate
                                                                    US$ Billions                   %
236        South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI                                8.2      12.3               4.2
237        Columbia, MO                                               4.0       6.1               4.2
238        Dalton, GA                                                 3.7       5.6               4.2
239        Wichita, KS                                               18.9      28.5               4.2
240        Great Falls, MT                                            1.9       2.8               4.2
241        Lancaster, PA                                             12.9      19.4               4.2
242        Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH                               6.3       9.4               4.2
243        Albuquerque, NM                                           23.2      34.9               4.2
244        Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ                         19.8      29.7               4.2
245        Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL                       11.2      16.8               4.1
246        Jefferson City, MO                                         3.8       5.7               4.1
247        Cumberland, MD-WV                                          1.7       2.5               4.1
248        Altoona, PA                                                2.8       4.2               4.1
249        Utica-Rome, NY                                             5.8       8.7               4.1
250        Green Bay, WI                                              9.6      14.4               4.1
251        Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ                           3.3       4.9               4.1
252        Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT                  49.9      74.5               4.1
253        Lynchburg, VA                                              5.6       8.4               4.1
254        Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT                           54.7      81.4               4.1
255        Jackson, TN                                                3.1       4.6               4.1
256        Sheboygan, WI                                              3.5       5.2               4.1
257        Lewiston, ID-WA                                            1.2       1.8               4.1
258        Pueblo, CO                                                 2.7       4.0               4.1
259        Bloomington, IN                                            3.9       5.8               4.0
260        Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI                      350.8     520.7               4.0
261        Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA                      3.3       4.9               4.0
262        Wausau, WI                                                 3.8       5.6               4.0
263        Columbus, OH                                              60.7      89.8               4.0
264        Lafayette, IN                                              5.0       7.4               4.0
265        La Crosse, WI-MN                                           3.5       5.2               4.0
266        Bangor, ME                                                 3.6       5.3               4.0
267        Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA                                   19.0      27.9               3.9
268        Atlantic City, NJ                                          9.5      14.0               3.9
269        Jonesboro, AR                                              2.5       3.7               3.9
270        Morristown, TN                                             2.5       3.7               3.9
271        Oshkosh-Neenah, WI                                         5.1       7.5               3.9
272        Evansville, IN-KY                                         10.8      15.7               3.9
273        Syracuse, NY                                              18.4      26.9               3.8
274        Kankakee-Bradley, IL                                       2.1       3.1               3.8



IHS Global Insight                                                                                 43
                Table 5: Average Annual Growth of U.S. Metro Area Economies (1998-2008)

                                                                                       Average Annual
Growth Rank                                                         1998        2008      Growth Rate
                                                                    US$ Billions                   %
275        Valdosta, GA                                               2.8       4.0               3.8
276        St. Louis, MO-IL                                          88.5     128.5               3.8
277        Columbus, GA-AL                                            7.5      10.9               3.8
278        Scranton-Wilkes-Barre, PA                                 13.1      19.1               3.8
279        Joplin, MO                                                 3.8       5.5               3.8
280        Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI                         57.1      82.7               3.8
281        Harrisonburg, VA                                           3.7       5.4               3.8
282        Binghamton, NY                                             5.3       7.7               3.8
283        Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA                           6.8       9.8               3.7
284        Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY                                 30.6      44.0               3.7
285        Terre Haute, IN                                            3.7       5.4               3.7
286        Goldsboro, NC                                              2.5       3.6               3.7
287        Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN                           68.8      98.8               3.7
288        Lexington-Fayette, KY                                     15.9      22.7               3.7
289        Springfield, MA                                           15.6      22.3               3.7
290        Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC                            12.5      17.8               3.6
291        Elmira, NY                                                 2.0       2.8               3.6
292        Williamsport, PA                                           2.6       3.8               3.6
293        Sioux City, IA-NE-SD                                       4.5       6.4               3.6
294        Pittsfield, MA                                             3.8       5.5               3.6
295        Pocatello, ID                                              1.8       2.6               3.6
296        Spartanburg, SC                                            7.2      10.2               3.6
297        Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA                                 7.0       9.9               3.6
298        New Haven-Milford, CT                                     26.5      37.6               3.6
299        Roanoke, VA                                                8.8      12.4               3.5
300        Akron, OH                                                 19.9      28.1               3.5
301        Worcester, MA                                             20.1      28.4               3.5
302        Sumter, SC                                                 2.1       3.0               3.4
303        Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC                             17.7      24.8               3.4
304        Erie, PA                                                   6.8       9.5               3.4
305        Longview, WA                                               2.1       2.9               3.4
306        Burlington, NC                                             3.2       4.4               3.4
307        Lansing-East Lansing, MI                                  13.1      18.4               3.4
308        Rochester, NY                                             32.5      45.4               3.4
309        Cleveland, TN                                              2.5       3.5               3.4
310        Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN                        40.3      56.3               3.4
311        Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH                         4.1       5.7               3.4
312        Johnstown, PA                                              2.8       4.0               3.4
313        Topeka, KS                                                 6.2       8.6               3.3



IHS Global Insight                                                                                 44
                Table 5: Average Annual Growth of U.S. Metro Area Economies (1998-2008)

                                                                                       Average Annual
Growth Rank                                                         1998        2008      Growth Rate
                                                                    US$ Billions                   %
314        Greensboro-High Point, NC                                 24.0      33.2               3.3
315        Florence, SC                                               4.9       6.8               3.2
316        Owensboro, KY                                              3.1       4.2               3.2
317        Kalamazoo-Portage, MI                                      8.6      11.9               3.2
318        Jackson, MI                                                3.5       4.9               3.2
319        Springfield, IL                                            6.3       8.6               3.2
320        Michigan City-La Porte, IN                                 2.4       3.3               3.2
321        Columbus, IN                                               3.0       4.1               3.2
322        Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH                                2.7       3.7               3.2
323        Gadsden, AL                                                1.9       2.6               3.1
324        Anderson, SC                                               3.4       4.6               3.1
325        Ann Arbor, MI                                             13.2      17.9               3.1
326        Winston-Salem, NC                                         16.2      21.9               3.1
327        Pine Bluff, AR                                             2.1       2.9               3.0
328        Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI                                  24.8      33.1               2.9
329        Monroe, MI                                                 2.8       3.7               2.9
330        Racine, WI                                                 5.3       7.1               2.9
331        Holland-Grand Haven, MI                                    7.0       9.3               2.9
332        Fond du Lac, WI                                            2.9       3.8               2.8
333        Decatur, IL                                                3.9       5.2               2.8
334        Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH                               79.3     104.4               2.8
335        Rockford, IL                                               9.4      12.4               2.8
336        Lima, OH                                                   3.2       4.2               2.8
337        Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI                                 3.6       4.7               2.7
338        Danville, IL                                               1.8       2.3               2.7
339        Niles-Benton Harbor, MI                                    4.2       5.5               2.7
340        Elkhart-Goshen, IN                                         7.0       9.1               2.7
341        Fort Wayne, IN                                            13.0      16.8               2.6
342        Janesville, WI                                             3.8       4.9               2.6
343        Rome, GA                                                   2.3       3.0               2.5
344        Rocky Mount, NC                                            4.3       5.5               2.5
345        Toledo, OH                                                20.4      26.1               2.5
346        Battle Creek, MI                                           3.8       4.9               2.4
347        Sandusky, OH                                               2.3       3.0               2.4
348        Canton-Massillon, OH                                      10.5      13.1               2.3
349        Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC                               9.4      11.8               2.2
350        Albany, GA                                                 3.8       4.7               2.2
351        Dayton, OH                                                27.5      33.8               2.1
352        Danville, VA                                               2.3       2.8               1.9



IHS Global Insight                                                                                 45
                Table 5: Average Annual Growth of U.S. Metro Area Economies (1998-2008)

                                                                                       Average Annual
Growth Rank                                                         1998        2008      Growth Rate
                                                                    US$ Billions                   %
353        Bay City, MI                                               2.4       2.8               1.8
354        Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA                         14.3      17.1               1.8
355        Macon, GA                                                  6.3       7.5               1.8
356        Mansfield, OH                                              3.2       3.8               1.7
357        Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI                               169.1     200.9               1.7
358        Muncie, IN                                                 2.9       3.2               1.1
359        Springfield, OH                                            3.2       3.5               0.9
360        Anderson, IN                                               3.0       3.2               0.9
361        Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI                         6.0       6.3               0.5
362        Kokomo, IN                                                 3.5       3.5               0.0
363        Flint, MI                                                 11.8      11.4              -0.4




IHS Global Insight                                                                                 46
                                Table 6: Metro Area Shares of U.S. Production (2008)
                                                   (US$, Billions)

                                                                              Rest of
                                                        Metro Areas        United States   United States
         Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, Hunting            $40                $118            $158
            Percentage                                      25%                75%
         Construction, Nat. Resources, Mining              $756                $151            $907
            Percentage                                      83%                17%
         Manufacturing                                     $1,296              $342           $1,638
            Percentage                                      79%                21%
         Trade, Transportation, Utilities                  $2,077              $348           $2,425
            Percentage                                      86%                14%
         Information Services                              $572                 $50            $622
            Percentage                                      92%                 8%
         Financial Activities                              $2,586              $262           $2,848
            Percentage                                      91%                 9%
         Professional & Business Services                  $1,661              $145           $1,806
            Percentage                                      92%                 8%
         Education & Health Services                       $1,007              $151           $1,158
            Percentage                                      87%                13%
         Leisure & Hospitality                             $464                 $73            $536
            Percentage                                      86%                14%
         Other Services                                    $282                 $45            $327
            Percentage                                      86%                14%
         Government                                        $1,430              $310           $1,741
            Percentage                                      82%                18%
         Total                                            $12,161             $2,005         $14,166
           Percentage                                      86%                 14%




IHS Global Insight                                                                                         47
                     Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
                                                 (US$, Billions)

                                                                            2008 GMP      % of GSP
        Alaska
            Anchorage, AK                                                         26.32        54.9
            Fairbanks, AK                                                          4.81        10.0
                Sum of Metro Areas                                                31.13        65.0
        Alabama
            Anniston-Oxford, AL                                                    3.92         2.3
            Auburn-Opelika, AL                                                     3.56         2.1
            Birmingham-Hoover, AL                                                 54.27        31.9
            Columbus, GA-AL                                                        0.87         0.5
            Decatur, AL                                                            5.26         3.1
            Dothan, AL                                                             4.42         2.6
            Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL                                             3.92         2.3
            Gadsden, AL                                                            2.60         1.5
            Huntsville, AL                                                        19.27        11.3
            Mobile, AL                                                            15.07         8.9
            Montgomery, AL                                                        14.70         8.6
            Tuscaloosa, AL                                                         8.11         4.8
                Sum of Metro Areas                                               135.97        80.0
        Arkansas
            Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO                                 17.07        17.4
            Fort Smith, AR-OK                                                      8.47         8.6
            Hot Springs, AR                                                        2.60         2.6
            Jonesboro, AR                                                          3.74         3.8
            Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR                                     30.97        31.5
            Memphis, TN-MS-AR                                                      1.29         1.3
            Pine Bluff, AR                                                         2.88         2.9
            Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR                                            0.91         0.9
                Sum of Metro Areas                                                67.93        69.1
        Arizona
            Flagstaff, AZ                                                          4.46         1.8
            Lake Havasu, AZ                                                        3.58         1.4
            Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ                                          187.43        75.3
            Prescott, AZ                                                           4.51         1.8
            Tucson, AZ                                                            31.81        12.8
            Yuma, AZ                                                               4.92         2.0
                Sum of Metro Areas                                               236.70        95.1




IHS Global Insight                                                                                    48
                     Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
                                                 (US$, Billions)

                                                                            2008 GMP      % of GSP
        California
           Bakersfield, CA                                                        27.77         1.5
           Chico, CA                                                               6.07         0.3
           El Centro, CA                                                           4.08         0.2
           Fresno, CA                                                             28.86         1.6
           Hanford-Corcoran, CA                                                    4.03         0.2
           Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA                                  717.88        38.9
           Madera, CA                                                              3.65         0.2
           Merced, CA                                                              6.17         0.3
           Modesto, CA                                                            15.45         0.8
           Napa, CA                                                                7.43         0.4
           Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA                                       35.13         1.9
           Redding, CA                                                             5.39         0.3
           Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA                                  113.08         6.1
           Santa Barbara-Santa Maria, CA                                          19.65         1.1
           Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA                                93.65         5.1
           Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA                                              9.90         0.5
           San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA                                     169.33         9.2
           San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA                                    146.69         7.9
           Salinas, CA                                                            18.82         1.0
           San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA                                        10.59         0.6
           Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA                                                20.23         1.1
           San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA                                     310.83        16.8
           Stockton, CA                                                           19.52         1.1
           Vallejo-Fairfield, CA                                                  13.34         0.7
           Visalia-Porterville, CA                                                11.57         0.6
           Yuba City, CA                                                           4.35         0.2
               Sum of Metro Areas                                              1,823.44        98.7
        Colorado
           Boulder, CO                                                            17.81         7.2
           Colorado Springs, CO                                                   24.06         9.7
           Denver-Aurora, CO                                                     150.81        60.7
           Fort Collins-Loveland, CO                                              11.04         4.4
           Greeley, CO                                                             7.18         2.9
           Grand Junction, CO                                                      5.23         2.1
           Pueblo, CO                                                              3.96         1.6
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                220.09        88.5




IHS Global Insight                                                                                    49
                     Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
                                                 (US$, Billions)

                                                                            2008 GMP      % of GSP
        Connecticut
           Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT                                        81.39        37.6
           Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT                               74.55        34.5
           New Haven-Milford, CT                                                  37.64        17.4
           Norwich-New London, CT                                                 13.91         6.4
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                207.49        96.0
        District of Columbia
           Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA)                     97.24       100.0
               Sum of Metro Areas
        Delaware
           Dover, DE                                                               6.05         9.8
           Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (MSA)                      47.89        77.5
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                 53.94        87.2
        Florida
           Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL                                              21.14         2.8
           Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL                                 12.39         1.7
           Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL                                  9.46         1.3
           Gainesville, FL                                                         9.60         1.3
           Jacksonville, FL                                                       59.71         8.0
           Lakeland, FL                                                           16.19         2.2
           Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL                                 261.27        35.1
           Naples-Marco Island, FL                                                14.15         1.9
           Ocala, FL                                                               7.56         1.0
           Orlando-Kissimmee, FL                                                 103.99        14.0
           Palm Coast, FL                                                          1.27         0.2
           Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL                                      17.50         2.4
           Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL                                              6.40         0.9
           Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL                                         13.39         1.8
           Port St. Lucie-Fort Pierce, FL                                         11.37         1.5
           Punta Gorda, FL                                                         3.43         0.5
           Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL                                          23.83         3.2
           Tallahassee, FL                                                        12.80         1.7
           Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL                                   110.51        14.9
           Vero Beach, FL                                                          4.49         0.6
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                720.45        96.8




IHS Global Insight                                                                                    50
                     Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
                                                 (US$, Billions)

                                                                            2008 GMP      % of GSP
        Georgia
           Albany, GA                                                              4.69         1.2
           Athens-Clarke County, GA                                                6.26         1.6
           Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA                                    269.80        67.8
           Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC                                         12.13         3.0
           Brunswick, GA                                                           3.30         0.8
           Chattanooga, TN-GA                                                      2.33         0.6
           Columbus, GA-AL                                                        10.04         2.5
           Dalton, GA                                                              5.61         1.4
           Gainesville, GA                                                         6.40         1.6
           Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA                                             3.13         0.8
           Macon, GA                                                               7.50         1.9
           Rome, GA                                                                2.97         0.7
           Savannah, GA                                                           13.18         3.3
           Valdosta, GA                                                            4.03         1.0
           Warner Robins, GA                                                       5.11         1.3
              Sum of Metro Areas                                                 356.46        89.6
        Hawaii
           Honolulu, HI                                                           48.09        75.3
              Sum of Metro Areas
        Iowa
           Ames, IA                                                                3.83         2.8
           Cedar Rapids, IA                                                       12.51         9.2
           Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL                                     7.10         5.2
           Des Moines, IA                                                         34.30        25.3
           Dubuque, IA                                                             4.31         3.2
           Iowa City, IA                                                           7.16         5.3
           Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA                                             3.61         2.7
           Sioux City, IA-NE-SD                                                    4.35         3.2
           Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA                                                7.56         5.6
              Sum of Metro Areas                                                  84.73        62.4
        Idaho
           Boise City-Nampa, ID                                                   24.03        45.6
           Coeur d'Alene, ID                                                       4.20         8.0
           Idaho Falls, ID                                                         3.65         6.9
           Lewiston, ID-WA                                                         1.47         2.8
           Logan, UT-ID                                                            0.18         0.3
           Pocatello, ID                                                           2.61         4.9
              Sum of Metro Areas                                                  36.14        68.5




IHS Global Insight                                                                                    51
                     Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
                                                 (US$, Billions)

                                                                            2008 GMP      % of GSP
        Illinois
             Bloomington-Normal, IL                                                8.29         1.3
             Champaign-Urbana, IL                                                  8.22         1.3
             Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI (MSA)                           492.90        77.8
             Danville, IL                                                          2.31         0.4
             Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL                                   9.69         1.5
             Decatur, IL                                                           5.18         0.8
             Kankakee-Bradley, IL                                                  3.09         0.5
             Peoria, IL                                                           17.31         2.7
             Rockford, IL                                                         12.41         2.0
             Springfield, IL                                                       8.57         1.4
             St. Louis, MO-IL                                                     19.11         3.0
                 Sum of Metro Areas                                              587.08        92.6
        Indiana
             Anderson, IN                                                          3.23         1.3
             Bloomington, IN                                                       5.78         2.3
             Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI (MSA)                            23.40         9.2
             Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN                                       1.56         0.6
             Columbus, IN                                                          4.09         1.6
             Elkhart-Goshen, IN                                                    9.14         3.6
             Evansville, IN-KY                                                    13.72         5.4
             Fort Wayne, IN                                                       16.79         6.6
             Indianapolis, IN                                                     96.38        37.8
             Kokomo, IN                                                            3.54         1.4
             Lafayette, IN                                                         7.37         2.9
             Louisville, KY-IN                                                     7.50         2.9
             Michigan City-La Porte, IN                                            3.34         1.3
             Muncie, IN                                                            3.24         1.3
             South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI                                          11.53         4.5
             Terre Haute, IN                                                       5.36         2.1
                 Sum of Metro Areas                                              215.97        84.7
        Kansas
             Kansas City, MO-KS                                                   46.07        37.5
             Lawrence, KS                                                          3.41         2.8
             St. Joseph, MO-KS                                                     0.21         0.2
             Topeka, KS                                                            8.63         7.0
             Wichita, KS                                                          28.54        23.3
                 Sum of Metro Areas                                               86.87        70.8




IHS Global Insight                                                                                    52
                     Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
                                                 (US$, Billions)

                                                                            2008 GMP      % of GSP
        Kentucky
           Bowling Green, KY                                                       4.48         2.9
           Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN                                        16.10        10.3
           Clarksville, TN-KY                                                      6.19         4.0
           Elizabethtown, KY                                                       4.47         2.9
           Evansville, IN-KY                                                       1.98         1.3
           Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH                                            3.29         2.1
           Lexington-Fayette, KY                                                  22.74        14.5
           Louisville, KY-IN                                                      48.82        31.2
           Owensboro, KY                                                           4.22         2.7
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                112.28        71.8
        Louisiana
           Alexandria, LA                                                          5.10         2.3
           Baton Rouge, LA                                                        39.16        17.6
           Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA                                         10.55         4.7
           Lake Charles, LA                                                       12.69         5.7
           Lafayette, LA                                                          18.48         8.3
           Monroe, LA                                                              6.34         2.9
           New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA                                        72.39        32.6
           Shreveport-Bossier City, LA                                            22.39        10.1
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                187.10        84.2
        Massachusetts
           Barnstable Town, MA                                                     8.58         2.4
           Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH (MSA)                                  281.02        77.0
           Pittsfield, MA                                                          5.48         1.5
           Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA                               17.79         4.9
           Springfield, MA                                                        22.32         6.1
           Worcester, MA                                                          28.41         7.8
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                363.59        99.6
        Maryland
           Baltimore-Towson, MD                                                  133.01        48.7
           Cumberland, MD-WV                                                       2.00         0.7
           Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV                                           5.26         1.9
           Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (MSA)                       2.86         1.0
           Salisbury, MD                                                           3.96         1.5
           Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA)                    114.30        41.8
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                261.40        95.6




IHS Global Insight                                                                                    53
                     Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
                                                 (US$, Billions)

                                                                            2008 GMP      % of GSP
        Maine
           Bangor, ME                                                              5.29        10.6
           Lewiston-Auburn, ME                                                     3.64         7.3
           Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME                                  24.85        50.0
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                 33.77        67.9
        Michigan
           Ann Arbor, MI                                                          17.89         4.7
           Battle Creek, MI                                                        4.89         1.3
           Bay City, MI                                                            2.83         0.7
           Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI                                            200.86        52.5
           Flint, MI                                                              11.41         3.0
           Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI                                               33.13         8.7
           Holland-Grand Haven, MI                                                 9.29         2.4
           Jackson, MI                                                             4.86         1.3
           Kalamazoo-Portage, MI                                                  11.87         3.1
           Lansing-East Lansing, MI                                               18.36         4.8
           Monroe, MI                                                              3.72         1.0
           Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI                                              4.75         1.2
           Niles-Benton Harbor, MI                                                 5.50         1.4
           Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI                                      6.31         1.6
           South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI                                             0.78         0.2
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                336.43        87.9
        Minnesota
           Duluth, MN-WI                                                           8.68         3.3
           Fargo, ND-MN                                                            1.37         0.5
           Grand Forks, ND-MN                                                      0.80         0.3
           La Crosse, WI-MN                                                        0.29         0.1
           Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI                               191.18        72.7
           Rochester, MN                                                           8.73         3.3
           St. Cloud, MN                                                           7.53         2.9
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                218.58        83.2




IHS Global Insight                                                                                    54
                     Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
                                                 (US$, Billions)

                                                                            2008 GMP      % of GSP
        Missouri
           Columbia, MO                                                            6.09         2.6
           Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO                                   0.44         0.2
           Jefferson City, MO                                                      5.66         2.4
           Joplin, MO                                                              5.46         2.3
           Kansas City, MO-KS                                                     54.93        23.1
           Springfield, MO                                                        14.30         6.0
           St. Joseph, MO-KS                                                       3.99         1.7
           St. Louis, MO-IL                                                      109.36        46.0
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                200.22        84.2
        Mississippi
           Gulfport-Biloxi, MS                                                     9.90        10.8
           Hattiesburg, MS                                                         4.47         4.9
           Jackson, MS                                                            23.07        25.1
           Memphis, TN-MS-AR                                                       5.24         5.7
           Pascagoula, MS                                                          5.46         5.9
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                 48.13        52.4
        Montana
           Billings, MT                                                            6.69        18.6
           Great Falls, MT                                                         2.80         7.8
           Missoula, MT                                                            4.55        12.7
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                 14.04        39.1
        North Carolina
           Asheville, NC                                                          13.44         3.4
           Burlington, NC                                                          4.44         1.1
           Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC                                     110.23        27.5
           Durham, NC                                                             32.31         8.1
           Fayetteville, NC                                                       15.63         3.9
           Goldsboro, NC                                                           3.64         0.9
           Greensboro-High Point, NC                                              33.17         8.3
           Greenville, NC                                                          5.95         1.5
           Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC                                           11.75         2.9
           Jacksonville, NC                                                        6.95         1.7
           Raleigh-Cary, NC                                                       53.46        13.4
           Rocky Mount, NC                                                         5.48         1.4
           Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC                              0.38         0.1
           Wilmington, NC                                                         13.49         3.4
           Winston-Salem, NC                                                      21.94         5.5
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                332.27        83.0




IHS Global Insight                                                                                    55
                     Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
                                                 (US$, Billions)

                                                                            2008 GMP      % of GSP
        North Dakota
           Bismarck, ND                                                            4.40        14.1
           Fargo, ND-MN                                                            8.72        28.0
           Grand Forks, ND-MN                                                      2.97         9.5
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                 16.10        51.6
        Nebraska
           Lincoln, NE                                                            13.61        16.3
           Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA                                            41.26        49.5
           Sioux City, IA-NE-SD                                                    1.07         1.3
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                 55.94        67.2
        New Hampshire
           Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH (MSA)                                   18.57        31.0
           Manchester-Nashua, NH                                                  20.78        34.6
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                 39.35        65.6
        New Jersey
           Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ                                       3.48         0.7
           Atlantic City, NJ                                                      13.97         2.9
           New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA (MSA)              365.85        77.0
           Ocean City, NJ                                                          4.02         0.8
           Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (MSA)                      58.21        12.3
           Trenton-Ewing, NJ                                                      24.46         5.1
           Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ                                        4.94         1.0
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                474.94       100.0
        New Mexico
           Albuquerque, NM                                                        34.86        43.6
           Farmington, NM                                                          7.19         9.0
           Las Cruces, NM                                                          5.03         6.3
           Santa Fe, NM                                                            6.81         8.5
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                 53.89        67.4
        Nevada
           Carson City, NV                                                         3.04         2.3
           Las Vegas-Paradise, NV                                                 97.05        74.0
           Reno-Sparks, NV                                                        20.56        15.7
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                120.65        91.9




IHS Global Insight                                                                                    56
                     Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
                                                 (US$, Billions)

                                                                            2008 GMP      % of GSP
        New York
           Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY                                            39.26         3.4
           Binghamton, NY                                                          7.67         0.7
           Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY                                              44.03         3.8
           Elmira, NY                                                              2.80         0.2
           Glens Falls, NY                                                         3.74         0.3
           Ithaca, NY                                                              3.77         0.3
           Kingston, NY                                                            4.68         0.4
           New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA (MSA)              898.33        78.5
           Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY                                   21.03         1.8
           Rochester, NY                                                          45.45         4.0
           Syracuse, NY                                                           26.85         2.3
           Utica-Rome, NY                                                          8.75         0.8
               Sum of Metro Areas                                              1,106.35        96.7
        Ohio
           Akron, OH                                                              28.05         5.9
           Canton-Massillon, OH                                                   13.13         2.8
           Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN                                        81.09        17.2
           Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH                                           104.43        22.1
           Columbus, OH                                                           89.83        19.1
           Dayton, OH                                                             33.78         7.2
           Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH                                            0.84         0.2
           Lima, OH                                                                4.17         0.9
           Mansfield, OH                                                           3.81         0.8
           Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH                                      2.09         0.4
           Sandusky, OH                                                            2.98         0.6
           Springfield, OH                                                         3.53         0.7
           Toledo, OH                                                             26.11         5.5
           Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH                                             2.17         0.5
           Wheeling, WV-OH                                                         1.67         0.4
           Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA                                      13.48         2.9
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                411.14        87.2
        Oklahoma
           Fort Smith, AR-OK                                                       1.59         1.1
           Lawton, OK                                                              4.16         2.8
           Oklahoma City, OK                                                      57.13        39.0
           Tulsa, OK                                                              45.16        30.8
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                108.03        73.8




IHS Global Insight                                                                                    57
                     Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
                                                 (US$, Billions)

                                                                            2008 GMP      % of GSP
        Oregon
           Bend, OR                                                                6.24         3.9
           Corvallis, OR                                                           3.86         2.4
           Eugene-Springfield, OR                                                 11.43         7.1
           Medford, OR                                                             6.24         3.9
           Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA                                    98.68        61.1
           Salem, OR                                                              12.05         7.5
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                138.49        85.7
        Pennsylvania
           Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ                                      26.23         4.7
           Altoona, PA                                                             4.22         0.8
           Erie, PA                                                                9.54         1.7
           Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA                                                27.91         5.0
           Johnstown, PA                                                           3.96         0.7
           Lancaster, PA                                                          19.39         3.5
           Lebanon, PA                                                             3.63         0.7
           New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA (MSA)                0.73         0.1
           Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (MSA)                     222.93        40.3
           Pittsburgh, PA                                                        114.71        20.7
           Reading, PA                                                            14.84         2.7
           Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA                                             19.07         3.4
           State College, PA                                                       5.58         1.0
           Williamsport, PA                                                        3.76         0.7
           York-Hanover, PA                                                       15.16         2.7
           Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA                                       3.61         0.7
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                495.27        89.5
        Rhode Island
           Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA                               47.36       100.0
               Sum of Metro Areas
        South Carolina
           Anderson, SC                                                            4.64         3.0
           Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC                                          5.70         3.6
           Charleston-North Charleston, SC                                        26.32        16.8
           Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC                                       8.12         5.2
           Columbia, SC                                                           30.08        19.2
           Florence, SC                                                            6.76         4.3
           Greenville, SC                                                         24.83        15.9
           Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC                              9.38         6.0
           Spartanburg, SC                                                        10.22         6.5
           Sumter, SC                                                              2.96         1.9
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                129.01        82.5




IHS Global Insight                                                                                    58
                     Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
                                                 (US$, Billions)

                                                                            2008 GMP      % of GSP
        South Dakota
           Rapid City, SD                                                          4.89        13.2
           Sioux City, IA-NE-SD                                                    0.99         2.7
           Sioux Falls, SD                                                        14.18        38.4
              Sum of Metro Areas                                                  20.07        54.3
        Tennessee
           Chattanooga, TN-GA                                                     18.45         7.3
           Clarksville, TN-KY                                                      3.50         1.4
           Cleveland, TN                                                           3.53         1.4
           Jackson, TN                                                             4.61         1.8
           Johnson City, TN                                                        5.91         2.3
           Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA                                        7.20         2.9
           Knoxville, TN                                                          29.61        11.7
           Memphis, TN-MS-AR                                                      57.30        22.7
           Morristown, TN                                                          3.65         1.4
           Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro, TN                                   78.94        31.3
              Sum of Metro Areas                                                 212.71        84.4




IHS Global Insight                                                                                    59
                     Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
                                                 (US$, Billions)

                                                                            2008 GMP      % of GSP
        Texas
           Abilene, TX                                                             5.59         0.5
           Amarillo, TX                                                            9.79         0.8
           Austin-Round Rock, TX                                                  80.08         6.5
           Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX                                               15.25         1.2
           Brownsville-Harlingen, TX                                               7.56         0.6
           College Station-Bryan, TX                                               6.46         0.5
           Corpus Christi, TX                                                     16.22         1.3
           Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX                                       379.86        31.0
           El Paso, TX                                                            26.35         2.2
           Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX                                        403.20        33.0
           Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX                                           14.55         1.2
           Laredo, TX                                                              6.15         0.5
           Longview, TX                                                            9.69         0.8
           Lubbock, TX                                                             9.42         0.8
           McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX                                           13.80         1.1
           Midland, TX                                                            10.87         0.9
           Odessa, TX                                                              6.26         0.5
           San Angelo, TX                                                          3.64         0.3
           San Antonio, TX                                                        80.90         6.6
           Sherman-Denison, TX                                                     3.22         0.3
           Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR                                             3.39         0.3
           Tyler, TX                                                               8.65         0.7
           Victoria, TX                                                            5.54         0.5
           Waco, TX                                                                7.94         0.6
           Wichita Falls, TX                                                       5.96         0.5
               Sum of Metro Areas                                              1,140.35        93.2
        Utah
           Logan, UT-ID                                                            2.94         2.7
           Ogden-Clearfield, UT                                                   16.53        15.1
           Provo-Orem, UT                                                         13.72        12.5
           Salt Lake City, UT                                                     62.52        57.0
           St. George, UT                                                          3.45         3.1
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                 99.16        90.3




IHS Global Insight                                                                                    60
                     Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
                                                 (US$, Billions)

                                                                            2008 GMP      % of GSP
        Virginia
            Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA                                  4.95         1.2
            Charlottesville, VA                                                    8.87         2.2
            Danville, VA                                                           2.82         0.7
            Harrisonburg, VA                                                       5.42         1.4
            Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA                                       2.63         0.7
            Lynchburg, VA                                                          8.39         2.1
            Richmond, VA                                                          61.35        15.5
            Roanoke, VA                                                           12.43         3.1
            Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC                            76.68        19.3
            Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA)                   183.21        46.1
            Winchester, VA-WV                                                      4.52         1.1
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                371.26        93.5
        Vermont
            Burlington-South Burlington, VT                                       10.27        40.4
               Sum of Metro Areas
        Washington
            Bellingham, WA                                                         7.44         2.3
            Bremerton-Silverdale, WA                                               8.63         2.7
            Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA                                           8.78         2.7
            Lewiston, ID-WA                                                        0.36         0.1
            Longview, WA                                                           2.90         0.9
            Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA                                             4.76         1.5
            Olympia, WA                                                            8.65         2.7
            Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA                                   13.74         4.3
            Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA                                          218.77        67.8
            Spokane, WA                                                           17.64         5.5
            Wenatchee, WA                                                          3.82         1.2
            Yakima, WA                                                             7.55         2.3
               Sum of Metro Areas                                                303.02        93.9




IHS Global Insight                                                                                    61
                     Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
                                                 (US$, Billions)

                                                                            2008 GMP      % of GSP
        Wisconsin
           Appleton, WI                                                            9.32         3.9
           Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI (MSA)                               4.37         1.8
           Duluth, MN-WI                                                           1.18         0.5
           Eau Claire, WI                                                          5.95         2.5
           Fond du Lac, WI                                                         3.80         1.6
           Green Bay, WI                                                          14.41         6.0
           Janesville, WI                                                          4.91         2.0
           La Crosse, WI-MN                                                        4.90         2.0
           Madison, WI                                                            33.01        13.7
           Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI                                      82.69        34.4
           Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI                                 2.77         1.2
           Oshkosh-Neenah, WI                                                      7.51         3.1
           Racine, WI                                                              7.12         3.0
           Sheboygan, WI                                                           5.25         2.2
           Wausau, WI                                                              5.58         2.3
              Sum of Metro Areas                                                 192.77        80.2
        West Virginia
           Charleston, WV                                                         14.60        23.7
           Cumberland, MD-WV                                                       0.49         0.8
           Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV                                           2.55         4.1
           Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH                                            5.28         8.6
           Morgantown, WV                                                          5.31         8.6
           Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH                                      3.59         5.8
           Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA)                      0.99         1.6
           Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH                                             1.52         2.5
           Wheeling, WV-OH                                                         3.35         5.4
           Winchester, VA-WV                                                       0.26         0.4
              Sum of Metro Areas                                                  37.94        61.5
        Wyoming
           Casper, WY                                                              6.45        18.3
           Cheyenne, WY                                                            4.30        12.2
              Sum of Metro Areas                                                  10.75        30.5




IHS Global Insight                                                                                    62
                       Table 7b: Gross Metropolitan Product (Division) as a Share of Gross Metropolitan
                                                       Product (MSA)
                                                           (US$, Billions)

                                                                                2008 GMP      % of GMP
                     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
                        Boston-Quincy, MA                                             142.8          47.7
                        Cambridge-Newton-Framingham, MA                               109.1          36.4
                        Essex County, MA                                               29.1           9.7
                        Rockingham County-Strafford County, NH                         18.6           6.2
                          Sum of Metro Divisions                                      299.6         100.0

                     Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI
                        Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL                                 446.2          85.7
                        Gary, IN                                                       23.4           4.5
                        Lake County-Kenosha County, IL-WI                              51.1           9.8
                           Sum of Metro Divisions                                     520.7         100.0

                     Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
                        Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX                                       281.3          74.0
                        Fort Worth-Arlington, TX                                       98.6          26.0
                           Sum of Metro Divisions                                     379.9         100.0

                     Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
                        Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, MI                                   82.0          40.8
                        Warren-Farmington Hills-Troy, MI                              118.9          59.2
                           Sum of Metro Divisions                                     200.9         100.0

                     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
                        Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA                           527.1          73.4
                        Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, CA                                  190.7          26.6
                           Sum of Metro Divisions                                     717.9         100.0

                     Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL
                        Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, FL              81.3          31.1
                        Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL                                 116.7          44.7
                        West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach, FL                   63.3          24.2
                           Sum of Metro Divisions                                     261.3         100.0




IHS Global Insight                                                                                        63
                       Table 7b: Gross Metropolitan Product (Division) as a Share of Gross Metropolitan
                                                       Product (MSA)
                                                        (US$, Billions)

                                                                                2008 GMP      % of GMP
                     New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA
                       Edison, NJ                                                     121.8           9.6
                       Nassau-Suffolk, NY                                             138.6          11.0
                       Newark-Union, NJ-PA                                            134.3          10.6
                       New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ                             870.2          68.8
                          Sum of Metro Divisions                                     1264.9         100.0

                     Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
                        Camden, NJ                                                     55.7          16.8
                        Philadelphia, PA                                              222.9          67.2
                        Wilmington, DE-MD-NJ                                           53.3          16.1
                           Sum of Metro Divisions                                     331.9         100.0

                     Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
                        Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA                                  189.0          86.4
                        Tacoma, WA                                                     29.7          13.6
                            Sum of Metro Divisions                                    218.8         100.0

                     San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
                        Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA                                   137.3          44.2
                        San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA                      173.5          55.8
                           Sum of Metro Divisions                                     310.8         100.0

                     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
                       Bethesda-Gaithersburg-Frederick, MD                             73.2          18.5
                       Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV                   322.6          81.5
                          Sum of Metro Divisions                                      395.7         100.0




IHS Global Insight                                                                                        64
                     Table 8: Real GMP and Employment Growth Rates, 2008 and 2009
                                           (% Annual Change)

                                                            % chg Employment        % chg Real GMP
Rank                                                            2008     2009          2008     2009
1      New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA          0.4     -2.2         2.5     -1.4
2      Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA                       -1.5     -4.0         0.3     -2.2
3      Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI                        -0.6     -4.0        -0.4     -2.3
4      Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV                0.6     -0.8         2.5     -1.0
5      Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX                             1.6     -1.8         1.5     -0.1
6      Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX                              2.3     -2.3         0.5     -0.2
7      Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD                -0.1     -3.0         0.7     -1.8
8      Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH                              0.5     -2.8         2.0     -1.8
9      San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA                          -0.6     -4.2         0.0     -2.5
10     Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA                         -1.1     -5.2        -1.2     -3.6
11     Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL                    -2.1     -3.6        -1.5     -2.5
12     Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA                                 1.0     -3.3         2.1     -1.6
13     Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI                                 -3.3     -7.8        -1.9     -5.9
14     Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI                    -0.6     -3.5         1.7     -1.8
15     Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ                                -2.4     -7.3        -1.1     -4.4
16     San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA                          0.4     -4.3         1.3     -3.7
17     San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA                          -0.7     -3.8         2.6     -1.3
18     Denver-Aurora, CO                                           0.8     -3.9         2.0     -1.8
19     Baltimore-Towson, MD                                       -0.3     -2.3         1.2     -1.8
20     St. Louis, MO-IL                                            0.0     -3.0         2.6     -1.6
21     Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA                         0.0     -4.8         2.4     -3.3
22     Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC                           0.0     -5.5        -0.4     -3.8
23     Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL                        -2.8     -4.4        -2.1     -3.7
24     Pittsburgh, PA                                              0.3     -2.4         0.8     -1.1
25     Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA                       -3.8     -6.0        -1.3     -3.4
26     Orlando-Kissimmee, FL                                      -1.5     -4.9         0.0     -3.2
27     Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH                                -1.2     -4.8        -1.3     -4.3
28     Kansas City, MO-KS                                          0.5     -1.9         1.4     -1.1
29     Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN                            -0.4     -3.6         0.1     -2.7
30     Indianapolis-Carmel, IN                                    -0.1     -3.8         0.5     -1.7
31     Las Vegas-Paradise, NV                                     -1.4     -6.0        -0.5     -3.6
32     Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA                      -2.3     -4.9        -0.6     -3.2
33     Columbus, OH                                               -0.2     -1.9         0.1     -0.9
34     Austin-Round Rock, TX                                       2.6     -0.4         4.4      0.5
35     Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI                          -0.6     -5.0         1.1     -2.9
36     Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT                            -0.5     -4.0        -1.8     -3.0
37     Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin, TN               -0.4     -4.0         1.5     -2.1
38     San Antonio, TX                                             2.3     -0.6         2.4      0.3
39     Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT                    0.6     -3.7         0.0     -2.9



IHS Global Insight                                                                                65
                     Table 8: Real GMP and Employment Growth Rates, 2008 and 2009
                                           (% Annual Change)

                                                            % chg Employment        % chg Real GMP
Rank                                                            2008     2009          2008     2009
40     Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC                 -0.9     -0.8         0.6     -1.8
41     Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA                   -2.0     -3.9        -0.4     -2.5
42     Memphis, TN-MS-AR                                          -1.2     -2.3        -1.2     -1.1
43     Salt Lake City, UT                                          0.7     -3.5         0.7     -2.5
44     Richmond, VA                                               -0.8     -3.0         0.0     -3.6
45     Jacksonville, FL                                           -2.0     -3.9        -2.0     -2.9
46     New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA                             2.5     -0.8        -0.5     -0.5
47     Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN                         -0.5     -3.4        -1.3     -1.8
48     Raleigh-Cary, NC                                            0.9     -2.9         1.9     -0.5
49     Birmingham-Hoover, AL                                      -0.9     -3.3        -0.8     -1.1
50     Oklahoma City, OK                                           1.2     -1.4         3.1      0.7
51     Honolulu, HI                                               -0.6     -2.3         1.4     -1.3
52     Rochester, NY                                               0.5     -1.3         0.7     -0.5
53     Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY                                   0.9     -2.5         1.3     -1.1
54     Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA                                 1.3     -1.6         1.3     -0.5
55     Tulsa, OK                                                   1.7     -1.5         1.0     -0.2
56     Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY                                 0.5     -2.1         3.4     -0.6
57     Albuquerque, NM                                             0.0     -3.1         2.2     -2.2
58     New Haven-Milford, CT                                      -0.5     -2.9         0.3     -1.0
59     Durham, NC                                                  1.7     -2.6         1.1     -1.7
60     Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA                           -2.5     -4.8        -4.4     -4.3
61     Dayton, OH                                                 -2.0     -3.4        -2.0     -3.2
62     Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI                                   -1.2     -5.1        -1.5     -3.2
63     Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA                              0.7     -1.6         1.1     -1.3
64     Greensboro-High Point, NC                                  -1.4     -5.7        -0.2     -3.0
65     Madison, WI                                                -0.1     -1.8         1.5     -0.2
66     Baton Rouge, LA                                             0.6     -0.5         1.1      0.8
67     Tucson, AZ                                                 -1.0     -5.0         0.7     -2.4
68     Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR                    0.6     -1.4         0.0     -1.1
69     Knoxville, TN                                              -0.5     -3.4         2.2     -1.4
70     Columbia, SC                                                0.0     -1.3         1.1     -0.1
71     Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ                          -0.2     -3.0         0.3     -1.9
72     Worcester, MA                                              -0.6     -2.3         1.4     -1.4
73     Fresno, CA                                                 -1.1     -3.3         1.0     -1.7
74     Akron, OH                                                  -0.3     -3.5         0.4     -2.4
75     Wichita, KS                                                 1.9     -2.3         2.7     -1.0
76     Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA                                     0.1     -3.0         0.6     -2.0
77     Syracuse, NY                                                0.4     -1.4         1.4     -0.4
78     Boise City-Nampa, ID                                       -1.9     -6.7        -1.7     -5.6



IHS Global Insight                                                                                66
                     Table 8: Real GMP and Employment Growth Rates, 2008 and 2009
                                           (% Annual Change)

                                                            % chg Employment        % chg Real GMP
Rank                                                            2008     2009          2008     2009
79     Toledo, OH                                                 -2.3     -5.4        -2.0     -4.8
80     Charleston-North Charleston, SC                             0.8     -2.7         1.5     -1.2
81     El Paso, TX                                                 2.4     -1.0         4.2      0.6
82     Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC                               0.9     -2.9         1.9     -1.1
83     Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME                       0.0     -2.8         1.5     -1.7
84     Trenton-Ewing, NJ                                           0.8     -2.2         4.6     -0.7
85     Lexington-Fayette, KY                                      -0.7     -3.3         0.9     -1.3
86     Colorado Springs, CO                                       -0.7     -3.9         3.2     -0.1
87     Bakersfield, CA                                            -0.2     -2.3        -0.5     -0.5
88     Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL                              -4.5     -6.7        -4.9     -5.7
89     Winston-Salem, NC                                          -0.5     -2.9        -0.3     -1.0
90     Manchester-Nashua, NH                                      -0.3     -2.1         4.3     -0.5
91     Jackson, MS                                                -0.4     -1.3         0.2      0.1
92     Springfield, MA                                            -0.2     -3.4         1.9     -1.5
93     Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY                        0.0     -2.0         2.9     -0.9
94     Huntsville, AL                                              1.9     -2.1         5.4      0.7
95     Chattanooga, TN-GA                                         -0.6     -2.9        -0.3     -1.5
96     Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL                                  -6.7     -7.7        -5.4     -5.9
97     Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA                                    -1.9     -5.0         0.5     -4.1
98     Anchorage, AK                                               1.8      0.1        -2.4     -1.6
99     Reno-Sparks, NV                                            -4.1     -7.7        -2.9     -5.5
100    Boulder, CO                                                 1.4     -4.1         3.2     -2.9
101    Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA                       -0.4     -2.0         0.9     -2.4
102    Lancaster, PA                                               0.1     -3.7         1.5     -2.4
103    Scranton-Wilkes-Barre, PA                                  -0.4     -3.0         0.5     -1.7
104    Stockton, CA                                               -2.4     -3.0        -0.3     -1.2
105    Ann Arbor, MI                                              -2.2     -3.7        -3.6     -3.4
106    Lansing-East Lansing, MI                                   -0.6     -3.9         0.6     -3.1
107    Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL                          -3.0     -4.2         0.9     -2.2
108    Salinas, CA                                                -0.1     -3.4         1.4     -3.5
109    Fort Wayne, IN                                             -1.2     -3.7        -1.7     -3.0
110    Spokane, WA                                                 0.3     -2.9         1.5     -1.6
111    Shreveport-Bossier City, LA                                 0.9     -1.6        -4.3     -2.0
112    Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC                             -0.1     -2.4         2.0     -0.1
113    Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO                      -0.1     -1.1         1.2      0.6
114    Peoria, IL                                                  1.1     -2.2         2.2     -0.7
115    Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA                          -1.8     -5.5        -4.3     -6.4
116    Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL                         0.6     -1.2         1.4      0.5
117    Ogden-Clearfield, UT                                       -0.5     -3.7         0.9     -2.4



IHS Global Insight                                                                                67
                     Table 8: Real GMP and Employment Growth Rates, 2008 and 2009
                                           (% Annual Change)

                                                            % chg Employment        % chg Real GMP
Rank                                                            2008     2009          2008     2009
118    Lakeland, FL                                               -2.0     -4.1        -0.7     -2.4
119    Modesto, CA                                                -2.2     -3.4         0.4     -1.3
120    York-Hanover, PA                                            0.5     -3.0         1.0     -2.0
121    Evansville, IN-KY                                          -0.7     -3.0        -1.1     -0.9
122    Reading, PA                                                -0.4     -3.3        -0.8     -2.5
123    Mobile, AL                                                  0.7     -1.6         2.3      0.9
124    Sioux Falls, SD                                             2.1     -1.2         1.4     -0.7
125    Montgomery, AL                                             -0.1     -2.8         1.7     -0.9
126    Springfield, MO                                            -0.6     -1.4         0.2     -1.3
127    Green Bay, WI                                              -0.9     -2.0         1.3      0.1
128    Corpus Christi, TX                                          3.4     -2.2         3.8     -2.0
129    Fayetteville, NC                                            1.4     -2.1         5.3      0.5
130    Lafayette, LA                                               1.3     -0.8        -0.1     -1.2
131    Provo-Orem, UT                                             -1.0     -3.9         2.2     -2.4
132    Naples-Marco Island, FL                                    -5.6     -6.4        -6.6     -5.7
133    Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX                                    0.2     -3.3         1.6     -1.5
134    Charleston, WV                                              0.9     -1.6         1.7     -0.2
135    Atlantic City, NJ                                          -1.1     -4.0         1.3     -5.8
136    Asheville, NC                                              -0.5     -4.3         0.4     -2.3
137    Lincoln, NE                                                 0.6     -1.2         1.7     -0.8
138    McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX                                3.2      0.6         4.7      1.1
139    Cedar Rapids, IA                                            1.2     -1.2         4.1      0.4
140    Norwich-New London, CT                                      1.1     -4.2         1.8     -1.8
141    Wilmington, NC                                             -0.4     -3.6         1.2     -1.2
142    Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX                                3.7      0.0         6.6     -0.2
143    Canton-Massillon, OH                                       -0.8     -3.5        -0.1     -2.5
144    Savannah, GA                                               -1.3     -2.7         0.2     -0.6
145    Rockford, IL                                               -1.4     -3.0         0.0     -1.1
146    Flint, MI                                                  -4.8     -6.7        -4.6     -6.6
147    Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL                             -3.8     -3.3        -1.0     -2.0
148    South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI                                -1.1     -2.9        -0.5     -1.8
149    Tallahassee, FL                                            -1.2     -2.3        -0.7     -2.3
150    Roanoke, VA                                                -0.7     -1.6        -2.6     -3.8
151    Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL                     -3.8     -3.5        -2.1     -2.8
152    Vallejo-Fairfield, CA                                      -2.6     -3.6         1.2     -1.9
153    Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC                               -2.5     -6.8        -3.0     -4.9
154    Salem, OR                                                   0.5     -4.7         1.7     -3.7
155    Kalamazoo-Portage, MI                                      -1.4     -4.3         1.9     -2.2
156    Eugene-Springfield, OR                                     -1.2     -4.6         0.5     -4.1



IHS Global Insight                                                                                68
                     Table 8: Real GMP and Employment Growth Rates, 2008 and 2009
                                           (% Annual Change)

                                                            % chg Employment        % chg Real GMP
Rank                                                            2008     2009          2008     2009
157    Fort Collins-Loveland, CO                                   1.0     -2.3         4.2     -0.2
158    Visalia-Porterville, CA                                    -0.2     -3.3         1.9     -3.4
159    Burlington-South Burlington, VT                            -0.2     -3.6         2.4     -2.1
160    Port St. Lucie, FL                                         -5.1     -4.4        -4.4     -3.1
161    Spartanburg, SC                                             1.4     -3.3         0.9     -1.6
162    Elkhart-Goshen, IN                                         -7.4    -10.0        -9.0     -8.7
163    Columbus, GA-AL                                            -0.4     -1.7         1.6      1.8
164    Fargo, ND-MN                                                2.6     -0.1         6.5      3.0
165    San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA                            -1.0     -2.3         0.1     -2.1
166    Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA                                 -2.4     -4.3        -0.4     -4.2
167    Holland-Grand Haven, MI                                    -2.0     -7.7         1.2     -4.3
168    Fort Smith, AR-OK                                           0.1     -1.4        -0.9     -1.2
169    Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA                            0.7     -3.4         0.3     -2.6
170    Rochester, MN                                              -0.6     -0.8         1.8     -0.6
171    Erie, PA                                                   -0.4     -3.3         1.0     -2.5
172    Appleton, WI                                               -0.8     -2.7        -0.8     -1.2
173    Lubbock, TX                                                 1.8     -0.8         2.6     -1.0
174    Gulfport-Biloxi, MS                                        -0.2     -1.7         1.8      0.4
175    Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC                 -1.1     -5.3        -1.4     -4.3
176    Duluth, MN-WI                                               0.1     -3.4         0.1     -2.7
177    Gainesville, FL                                            -0.5     -2.3         0.3     -2.1
178    Amarillo, TX                                                1.3     -1.6         3.9     -0.2
179    Clarksville, TN-KY                                         -1.7     -3.5         4.6      0.0
180    Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL                     -3.3     -2.9         0.1     -1.4
181    Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA                              2.5     -0.2         3.4     -0.1
182    Charlottesville, VA                                        -0.1     -2.1         0.3     -3.2
183    Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA                                3.8      2.5         5.7      4.1
184    Longview, TX                                                2.8     -2.0         4.3     -0.1
185    Lake Charles, LA                                            0.4     -1.0        -3.0     -0.1
186    Utica-Rome, NY                                             -0.1     -1.2         1.0     -0.5
187    Barnstable Town, MA                                        -1.4     -4.2         1.5     -1.9
188    Lynchburg, VA                                               0.9      0.1         0.2     -1.3
189    Binghamton, NY                                              0.2     -2.1         3.8     -0.9
190    Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH                               -0.6     -1.8         0.7      0.2
191    Topeka, KS                                                  1.4     -1.3         0.7     -1.1
192    Olympia, WA                                                 1.7     -1.3         1.4     -0.7
193    Springfield, IL                                             0.4     -1.5         2.3     -0.7
194    Champaign-Urbana, IL                                        0.9      0.4         3.5      1.6
195    Bremerton-Silverdale, WA                                   -0.4     -4.8         1.9     -3.9



IHS Global Insight                                                                                69
                     Table 8: Real GMP and Employment Growth Rates, 2008 and 2009
                                           (% Annual Change)

                                                            % chg Employment        % chg Real GMP
Rank                                                            2008     2009          2008     2009
196    Bloomington-Normal, IL                                      0.6     -0.3         3.0      1.5
197    Tyler, TX                                                   1.8     -0.6         2.4      0.2
198    Waco, TX                                                    0.6     -1.0         3.3     -0.8
199    Oshkosh-Neenah, WI                                          0.5     -1.0         1.7      0.5
200    Tuscaloosa, AL                                              0.0     -2.8         0.6     -0.7
201    Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV                              -1.3     -2.4         0.0     -1.1
202    Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA                                    0.7     -2.2         2.4     -1.2
203    Ocala, FL                                                  -3.5     -4.4        -2.3     -3.3
204    Lafayette, IN                                               1.1     -1.3         1.7     -0.7
205    Brownsville-Harlingen, TX                                   1.8     -1.9         4.6     -2.1
206    St. Cloud, MN                                              -0.4     -2.3         2.5     -0.5
207    Napa, CA                                                    1.0     -5.9         3.1     -4.8
208    Macon, GA                                                   1.1     -4.1         1.2     -3.0
209    Yakima, WA                                                  0.3     -2.1         3.0     -1.0
210    Racine, WI                                                 -0.5     -3.9        -1.7     -2.7
211    Iowa City, IA                                               1.3     -0.5         3.1      0.4
212    Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI                         -3.5     -4.9        -4.1     -4.4
213    Bellingham, WA                                              0.9     -3.7         0.3     -2.4
214    Midland, TX                                                 6.2     -0.1         2.9      2.9
215    Greeley, CO                                                 1.4     -3.6         1.9     -1.8
216    Florence, SC                                                0.3     -1.2        -2.6     -1.2
217    Gainesville, GA                                             1.0     -4.2         2.2     -1.7
218    Sioux City, IA-NE-SD                                        2.1     -1.8         5.7      0.2
219    Monroe, LA                                                 -0.6     -0.9        -0.2     -2.0
220    Santa Fe, NM                                                0.1     -3.4         0.5     -3.1
221    Bend, OR                                                   -3.8     -3.5        -0.9     -1.4
222    Eau Claire, WI                                             -0.7     -2.8         1.5     -1.1
223    Medford, OR                                                -2.4     -4.4        -1.6     -3.0
224    College Station-Bryan, TX                                   3.7     -2.2         5.0     -1.7
225    Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL                                 -1.0     -3.6         1.2     -2.3
226    Johnson City, TN                                            0.0     -2.6         1.3     -1.9
227    Athens-Clarke County, GA                                    2.6     -1.2         3.0     -0.1
228    Billings, MT                                                0.3     -2.9         0.5     -1.4
229    Dalton, GA                                                 -5.3     -8.1        -6.0     -5.2
230    Merced, CA                                                 -2.0     -2.9        -1.0     -3.7
231    Chico, CA                                                  -1.5     -3.5         2.1     -2.9
232    Columbia, MO                                                0.3     -0.5         0.8     -0.9
233    Jacksonville, NC                                            3.6     -2.0         8.8      2.4
234    Greenville, NC                                              0.6     -3.1         0.9     -1.7



IHS Global Insight                                                                                70
                     Table 8: Real GMP and Employment Growth Rates, 2008 and 2009
                                           (% Annual Change)

                                                            % chg Employment        % chg Real GMP
Rank                                                            2008     2009          2008     2009
235    Dover, DE                                                  -1.1     -4.5        -0.6     -3.1
236    Bloomington, IN                                             0.4     -1.8         1.7     -1.3
237    Wausau, WI                                                 -1.7     -3.6        -1.0     -2.6
238    Laredo, TX                                                  3.0      0.0         3.3      0.3
239    Harrisonburg, VA                                           -1.4     -0.8         0.6     -1.0
240    Jefferson City, MO                                          0.5     -2.5         2.0     -2.4
241    Niles-Benton Harbor, MI                                     0.0     -5.8        -0.7     -4.3
242    Rocky Mount, NC                                            -2.3     -3.9         0.1     -0.1
243    State College, PA                                           1.0     -1.1         3.0     -0.6
244    Joplin, MO                                                  1.0     -0.7         0.3     -0.3
245    Corvallis, OR                                               0.4     -4.3         8.8     -3.5
246    Pittsfield, MA                                             -0.6     -2.8         0.5     -2.4
247    Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH                         -0.5     -0.9         0.9      0.4
248    Odessa, TX                                                  6.7      0.3         8.1      2.6
249    Terre Haute, IN                                            -1.5     -3.3        -1.3     -2.1
250    Bangor, ME                                                  0.0     -2.0         0.3     -1.4
251    Redding, CA                                                -4.0     -5.3        -2.5     -5.1
252    Sheboygan, WI                                              -1.1     -3.7        -2.1     -2.6
253    Janesville, WI                                             -2.4     -4.9        -4.2     -4.8
254    Decatur, IL                                                 0.0     -3.2         0.4     -1.5
255    Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA                       0.7     -0.8        -3.1     -3.4
256    Battle Creek, MI                                           -1.4     -5.0         0.9     -2.9
257    La Crosse, WI-MN                                            0.4     -2.8         1.5     -1.0
258    Las Cruces, NM                                              1.6     -1.9         4.7     -0.5
259    Decatur, AL                                                -0.3     -4.8        -1.3     -2.8
260    Abilene, TX                                                 2.9     -1.3         2.5     -1.8
261    Grand Junction, CO                                          4.5     -2.4        12.3      1.5
262    Wichita Falls, TX                                          -0.7     -2.8         1.2     -1.4
263    Morgantown, WV                                              3.0      0.6         4.2      0.8
264    Alexandria, LA                                              3.1     -0.7         2.2     -4.1
265    Winchester, VA-WV                                          -3.2     -4.3        -2.5     -4.9
266    Jackson, MI                                                -2.2     -5.6        -2.4     -4.0
267    Anderson, SC                                               -1.5     -3.5         0.5     -1.1
268    Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ                           -0.4     -0.9         1.1     -3.6
269    Rapid City, SD                                              1.6     -1.6         3.9      0.0
270    Victoria, TX                                                1.7     -3.2         1.9     -3.2
271    Yuma, AZ                                                    0.2     -6.9         4.6     -3.1
272    Warner Robins, GA                                           0.0     -1.8         1.7     -0.2
273    Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI                                 -1.7     -5.4        -0.8     -3.6



IHS Global Insight                                                                                71
                     Table 8: Real GMP and Employment Growth Rates, 2008 and 2009
                                           (% Annual Change)

                                                            % chg Employment        % chg Real GMP
Rank                                                            2008     2009          2008     2009
274    Kokomo, IN                                                 -6.9     -8.6       -10.0    -10.9
275    Farmington, NM                                              2.2     -2.8        -1.2      0.2
276    Albany, GA                                                 -0.8     -3.1         0.3     -0.6
277    Kingston, NY                                               -0.7     -1.5        -0.3     -1.3
278    Wheeling, WV-OH                                             0.5     -0.7         3.2      1.3
279    Pascagoula, MS                                              4.8     -3.5         7.6     -1.6
280    Bowling Green, KY                                          -0.3     -5.2         2.1     -4.0
281    Jackson, TN                                                -0.6     -3.6         1.0     -1.7
282    Missoula, MT                                               -2.8     -3.2         1.2     -1.2
283    Burlington, NC                                             -1.0     -4.3        -0.5     -2.6
284    Dothan, AL                                                 -2.0     -2.6        -4.6     -2.0
285    Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL                                   -4.4     -7.1        -1.2     -4.5
286    Dubuque, IA                                                 0.1     -3.1         1.2     -2.5
287    Elizabethtown, KY                                          -0.6     -2.7         1.4     -1.1
288    Casper, WY                                                  1.4     -2.2         3.5      1.4
289    Hattiesburg, MS                                            -0.8     -2.2         0.4     -1.2
290    Columbus, IN                                                1.6     -1.8         2.9      1.8
291    Fairbanks, AK                                               0.3     -0.6         0.3     -2.7
292    Flagstaff, AZ                                              -1.3     -5.9        -0.5     -3.6
293    Prescott, AZ                                               -4.9     -7.5        -3.0     -4.6
294    Bismarck, ND                                                1.6      0.3         2.6      2.2
295    Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR                                 1.7     -1.2         2.0     -2.6
296    Mansfield, OH                                              -0.6     -4.7        -0.3     -4.5
297    Lima, OH                                                   -1.9     -2.9        -4.0     -2.8
298    Coeur d'Alene, ID                                           0.1     -2.9         1.1     -1.5
299    Altoona, PA                                                -1.3     -3.1         0.4     -1.5
300    St. Joseph, MO-KS                                           0.6     -0.6        -1.0     -0.6
301    Owensboro, KY                                              -0.1     -2.2        -0.6      0.3
302    Yuba City, CA                                              -3.0     -4.7         0.5     -3.5
303    Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA                                 -0.3     -4.0        -0.3     -2.3
304    El Centro, CA                                               1.8     -3.2         3.0     -3.2
305    Cheyenne, WY                                                2.2     -1.3         3.5     -1.4
306    Salisbury, MD                                              -0.9     -2.3        -0.3     -1.7
307    Ocean City, NJ                                             -1.6     -0.9         1.8     -1.7
308    Valdosta, GA                                                0.6     -2.9         4.4      0.0
309    Monroe, MI                                                 -4.1     -7.1        -4.2     -5.4
310    Anniston-Oxford, AL                                        -1.0     -3.3         1.8     -1.0
311    Johnstown, PA                                               0.3     -3.2         1.8     -1.7
312    Morristown, TN                                             -1.4     -3.9         1.6     -1.2



IHS Global Insight                                                                                72
                     Table 8: Real GMP and Employment Growth Rates, 2008 and 2009
                                           (% Annual Change)

                                                            % chg Employment        % chg Real GMP
Rank                                                            2008     2009          2008     2009
313    Fond du Lac, WI                                            -0.5     -4.4         0.0     -2.8
314    Lawton, OK                                                  2.9     -1.3         3.4     -1.3
315    Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL                                 -1.4     -2.5         0.7     -0.6
316    Jonesboro, AR                                               1.2      0.8         2.8      1.4
317    Pueblo, CO                                                  0.5     -2.3         3.6      0.0
318    Ames, IA                                                    1.0     -0.3         2.0      0.7
319    Williamsport, PA                                            0.3     -3.9         0.1     -3.5
320    Wenatchee, WA                                               1.0     -5.4         2.1     -5.1
321    Glens Falls, NY                                             0.5     -2.9         2.4     -1.3
322    Ithaca, NY                                                  1.2     -0.8         4.3     -0.3
323    Idaho Falls, ID                                            -0.5     -3.3         0.6     -3.1
324    Springfield, OH                                             0.2     -2.3         0.7     -2.2
325    Hanford-Corcoran, CA                                        4.1     -2.9         4.0     -3.0
326    Lewiston-Auburn, ME                                        -0.5     -3.7         0.9     -2.5
327    Grand Forks, ND-MN                                          0.4     -0.5         2.1      1.4
328    Madera, CA                                                 -0.6     -1.2         1.1     -1.7
329    Cleveland, TN                                              -1.6     -3.4        -1.2     -1.1
330    Auburn-Opelika, AL                                         -0.1     -3.2         2.1     -1.4
331    Goldsboro, NC                                              -0.3     -3.6        -2.4     -2.4
332    Lebanon, PA                                                 0.0     -2.4         1.4     -0.7
333    Anderson, IN                                                0.4     -1.9        -3.4     -3.2
334    Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ                               -4.5     -8.1        -4.1     -5.3
335    Sherman-Denison, TX                                         0.1     -1.3         1.4     -0.5
336    St. George, UT                                             -4.3     -4.3        -2.2     -3.3
337    Lawrence, KS                                               -2.1     -4.4         1.7     -2.8
338    San Angelo, TX                                              0.2     -1.6         4.5      0.5
339    Muncie, IN                                                 -1.5     -2.3        -0.2     -2.3
340    Punta Gorda, FL                                            -4.1     -4.1        -3.5     -3.9
341    Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH                                 2.6     -3.2         3.4     -1.5
342    Michigan City-La Porte, IN                                 -1.4     -3.0        -1.2     -2.5
343    Brunswick, GA                                               0.4     -2.2         1.6     -0.1
344    Logan, UT-ID                                               -1.2     -3.8         4.9     -0.9
345    Rome, GA                                                   -1.8     -4.2         1.0     -2.3
346    Carson City, NV                                            -3.2     -5.1        -2.0     -3.2
347    Kankakee-Bradley, IL                                        0.8     -3.2         1.1     -1.8
348    Sandusky, OH                                                0.1      1.8        -2.6     -0.7
349    Bay City, MI                                               -0.7     -4.7         1.7     -3.6
350    Danville, VA                                               -4.4     -1.5        -1.9     -3.2
351    Longview, WA                                               -1.9     -5.5        -0.4     -4.3



IHS Global Insight                                                                                73
                     Table 8: Real GMP and Employment Growth Rates, 2008 and 2009
                                           (% Annual Change)

                                                            % chg Employment        % chg Real GMP
Rank                                                            2008     2009          2008     2009
352    Sumter, SC                                                 -5.4     -4.9        -2.8     -1.8
353    Elmira, NY                                                  2.4     -2.8         5.0     -1.3
354    Pine Bluff, AR                                             -1.6     -1.6        -2.0     -1.6
355    Pocatello, ID                                              -4.2     -3.8         1.5     -0.9
356    Great Falls, MT                                             1.9     -3.5         1.0     -2.6
357    Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA                                 5.2     -0.6         8.9      0.3
358    Gadsden, AL                                                 0.5     -1.6         0.9     -0.2
359    Hot Springs, AR                                            -0.2      0.8         0.7      1.3
360    Cumberland, MD-WV                                           1.0     -0.8         2.5      0.1
361    Danville, IL                                               -1.2     -2.1         0.4     -0.1
362    Lewiston, ID-WA                                             3.2     -1.7         1.0     -1.2
363    Palm Coast, FL                                             -2.6     -4.1        -6.5     -5.3




IHS Global Insight                                                                                74
                                      Table 9: Real GMP Growth Rates
                                       (Annual average percent change)
                                                                         2006-
    Rank                                                                  2008   2009    2010
                     U.S Real GDP                                          1.3    -2.5    2.2
                     363 Metros Real GMP                                   1.4    -2.2    2.3

    1                Odessa, TX                                           10.2     2.6    2.3
    2                Grand Junction, CO                                    9.1     1.5   -1.4
    3                Corvallis, OR                                         7.9    -3.5    0.9
    4                Jacksonville, NC                                      7.3     2.4    3.3
    5                Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA                        6.4    -0.1    1.7
    6                Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX                          6.1    -0.2    2.7
    7                Logan, UT-ID                                          5.7    -0.9    2.8
    8                Sioux City, IA-NE-SD                                  5.6     0.2    0.8
    9                Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA                           5.6     0.3    2.1
    10               Durham, NC                                            5.2    -1.7    2.5
    11               San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA                    5.2    -3.7    3.4
    12               Cedar Rapids, IA                                      5.2     0.4    1.3
    13               Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA                          5.1     4.1    5.1
    14               Fargo, ND-MN                                          5.1     3.0    3.2
    15               Longview, TX                                          5.0    -0.1    2.6
    16               Huntsville, AL                                        4.8     0.7    2.8
    17               Austin-Round Rock, TX                                 4.8     0.5    4.1
    18               Las Cruces, NM                                        4.7    -0.5    2.7
    19               McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX                          4.6     1.1    4.0
    20               Boulder, CO                                           4.5    -2.9    1.3
    21               Pascagoula, MS                                        4.4    -1.6    2.3
    22               Binghamton, NY                                        4.3    -0.9    0.9
    23               Fayetteville, NC                                      4.2     0.5    3.2
    24               Amarillo, TX                                          4.2    -0.2    3.1
    25               Brownsville-Harlingen, TX                             4.2    -2.1    2.6
    26               Iowa City, IA                                         4.2     0.4    2.9
    27               College Station-Bryan, TX                             4.1    -1.7    2.6
    28               Provo-Orem, UT                                        4.1    -2.4    2.6
    29               Visalia-Porterville, CA                               3.9    -3.4    2.5
    30               Abilene, TX                                           3.9    -1.8    2.0
    31               Midland, TX                                           3.8     2.9    2.3
    32               Pueblo, CO                                            3.8     0.0    2.4
    33               Laredo, TX                                            3.8     0.3    3.7
    34               Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA                           3.7    -1.6    2.8
    35               Morgantown, WV                                        3.7     0.8    4.3
    36               Sioux Falls, SD                                       3.6    -0.7    3.1
    37               El Paso, TX                                           3.6     0.6    4.7
    38               Idaho Falls, ID                                       3.6    -3.1   -0.5


IHS Global Insight                                                                              75
                                      Table 9: Real GMP Growth Rates
                                       (Annual average percent change)
                                                                         2006-
    Rank                                                                  2008   2009   2010
    39               Gulfport-Biloxi, MS                                   3.6    0.4    3.3
    40               Merced, CA                                            3.6   -3.7    3.5
    41               Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA                   3.5   -3.3    1.8
    42               Fort Collins-Loveland, CO                             3.5   -0.2    2.2
    43               Madera, CA                                            3.5   -1.7    2.5
    44               Yakima, WA                                            3.4   -1.0    2.2
    45               Champaign-Urbana, IL                                  3.3    1.6    2.1
    46               Yuma, AZ                                              3.3   -3.1    1.1
    47               Columbus, IN                                          3.2    1.8    2.6
    48               New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-         3.2   -1.4    2.4
    49               Raleigh-Cary, NC                                      3.2   -0.5    3.6
    50               Waco, TX                                              3.1   -0.8    3.4
    51               Lafayette, LA                                         3.1   -1.2    1.8
    52               Anniston-Oxford, AL                                   2.9   -1.0    2.8
    53               Valdosta, GA                                          2.9    0.0    2.5
    54               Manchester-Nashua, NH                                 2.9   -0.5    1.6
    55               Napa, CA                                              2.9   -4.8    2.3
    56               Greenville, NC                                        2.9   -1.7    1.9
    57               Rapid City, SD                                        2.9    0.0    2.9
    58               Alexandria, LA                                        2.9   -4.1    2.3
    59               San Antonio, TX                                       2.8    0.3    3.7
    60               Clarksville, TN-KY                                    2.8    0.0    2.6
    61               Harrisonburg, VA                                      2.8   -1.0    2.5
    62               Elmira, NY                                            2.8   -1.3    0.8
    63               Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA                              2.8   -1.2    0.9
    64               Salt Lake City, UT                                    2.8   -2.5    2.2
    65               Hanford-Corcoran, CA                                  2.8   -3.0    1.9
    66               Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX                        2.8   -0.2    3.1
    67               Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX                       2.7   -0.1    3.7
    68               Grand Forks, ND-MN                                    2.7    1.4    3.3
    69               Ithaca, NY                                            2.7   -0.3    2.0
    70               Olympia, WA                                           2.7   -0.7    2.3
    71               State College, PA                                     2.7   -0.6    2.9
    72               Victoria, TX                                          2.7   -3.2    2.1
    73               El Centro, CA                                         2.7   -3.2    3.5
    74               Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH                        2.7   -1.8    2.5
    75               Coeur d'Alene, ID                                     2.7   -1.5    0.6
    76               Sherman-Denison, TX                                   2.6   -0.5    3.3
    77               Bloomington, IN                                       2.6   -1.3    1.5
    78               Ames, IA                                              2.6    0.7    0.4



IHS Global Insight                                                                             76
                                      Table 9: Real GMP Growth Rates
                                       (Annual average percent change)
                                                                         2006-
    Rank                                                                  2008   2009   2010
    79               Corpus Christi, TX                                    2.6   -2.0    2.2
    80               Burlington-South Burlington, VT                       2.5   -2.1    2.6
    81               Pocatello, ID                                         2.5   -0.9   -0.5
    82               Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR                           2.5   -2.6    1.9
    83               Bismarck, ND                                          2.5    2.2    3.1
    84               Lafayette, IN                                         2.4   -0.7    2.2
    85               Bowling Green, KY                                     2.4   -4.0    0.7
    86               Flagstaff, AZ                                         2.3   -3.6   -0.3
    87               Charleston-North Charleston, SC                       2.3   -1.2    2.9
    88               Lebanon, PA                                           2.3   -0.7    2.3
    89               Lawton, OK                                            2.3   -1.3    3.1
    90               Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV          2.3   -1.0    3.4
    91               Albuquerque, NM                                       2.2   -2.2    3.1
    92               Oklahoma City, OK                                     2.2    0.7    1.9
    93               Warner Robins, GA                                     2.2   -0.2    3.3
    94               Peoria, IL                                            2.2   -0.7    2.0
    95               Tyler, TX                                             2.1    0.2    3.1
    96               Missoula, MT                                          2.1   -1.2    1.1
    97               San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA                     2.1   -1.3    3.1
    98               Trenton-Ewing, NJ                                     2.1   -0.7    1.0
    99               Colorado Springs, CO                                  2.1   -0.1    2.9
    100              Wichita, KS                                           2.1   -1.0    1.6
    101              St. Joseph, MO-KS                                     2.1   -0.6    3.7
    102              San Angelo, TX                                        2.1    0.5    2.2
    103              Rochester, MN                                         2.1   -0.6    3.6
    104              Decatur, IL                                           2.1   -1.5    1.5
    105              Dubuque, IA                                           2.1   -2.5    2.2
    106              Wenatchee, WA                                         2.0   -5.1    1.8
    107              Athens-Clarke County, GA                              2.0   -0.1    3.3
    108              Gainesville, GA                                       2.0   -1.7    2.4
    109              Auburn-Opelika, AL                                    2.0   -1.4    2.5
    110              Bellingham, WA                                        2.0   -2.4    1.4
    111              Knoxville, TN                                         2.0   -1.4    2.4
    112              Billings, MT                                          2.0   -1.4    3.2
    113              Cheyenne, WY                                          2.0   -1.4    2.3
    114              Johnstown, PA                                         2.0   -1.7    2.4
    115              Spokane, WA                                           1.9   -1.6    2.9
    116              Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin, TN          1.9   -2.1    2.2
    117              Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC                         1.9   -1.1    2.1
    118              Cumberland, MD-WV                                     1.9    0.1    1.6



IHS Global Insight                                                                             77
                                       Table 9: Real GMP Growth Rates
                                        (Annual average percent change)
                                                                          2006-
    Rank                                                                   2008   2009   2010
    119              Eau Claire, WI                                         1.9   -1.1    1.8
    120              Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA                         1.9   -1.3    0.9
    121              Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR               1.8   -1.1    2.8
    122              Topeka, KS                                             1.8   -1.1    2.2
    123              Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT               1.8   -2.9    2.1
    124              Madison, WI                                            1.8   -0.2    1.8
    125              York-Hanover, PA                                       1.8   -2.0    1.7
    126              Greeley, CO                                            1.8   -1.8    0.4
    127              Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI                1.8   -1.8    1.8
    128              Lubbock, TX                                            1.8   -1.0    2.2
    129              Johnson City, TN                                       1.7   -1.9    2.9
    130              Erie, PA                                               1.7   -2.5    1.6
    131              Syracuse, NY                                           1.7   -0.4    2.0
    132              Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH                            1.7   -1.5    0.8
    133              Kansas City, MO-KS                                     1.7   -1.1    2.4
    134              Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME                  1.7   -1.7    1.3
    135              Ogden-Clearfield, UT                                   1.7   -2.4    1.7
    136              Denver-Aurora, CO                                      1.6   -1.8    2.4
    137              St. Louis, MO-IL                                       1.6   -1.6    1.7
    138              Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY                   1.6   -0.9    2.2
    139              Jonesboro, AR                                          1.6    1.4    3.0
    140              Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY                            1.6   -0.6    2.1
    141              Eugene-Springfield, OR                                 1.6   -4.1    2.5
    142              Wilmington, NC                                         1.6   -1.2    3.4
    143              Lexington-Fayette, KY                                  1.6   -1.3    2.5
    144              Kankakee-Bradley, IL                                   1.6   -1.8    2.1
    145              Spartanburg, SC                                        1.5   -1.6    1.9
    146              Springfield, MA                                        1.5   -1.5    2.2
    147              Lewiston, ID-WA                                        1.5   -1.2    0.2
    148              Springfield, IL                                        1.5   -0.7    2.3
    149              Norwich-New London, CT                                 1.5   -1.8    2.6
    150              Columbus, GA-AL                                        1.5    1.8    3.8
    151              St. Cloud, MN                                          1.5   -0.5    1.8
    152              Worcester, MA                                          1.5   -1.4    2.1
    153              Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA                            1.5   -0.5    1.8
    154              Altoona, PA                                            1.4   -1.5    2.3
    155              Honolulu, HI                                           1.4   -1.3    2.9
    156              Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX                               1.4   -1.5    2.2
    157              Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA                                1.4   -2.0    2.3
    158              Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL                    1.4    0.5    0.4



IHS Global Insight                                                                              78
                                     Table 9: Real GMP Growth Rates
                                      (Annual average percent change)
                                                                        2006-
    Rank                                                                 2008   2009   2010
    159              Tuscaloosa, AL                                       1.4   -0.7    3.4
    160              Baltimore-Towson, MD                                 1.3   -1.8    2.5
    161              Chico, CA                                            1.3   -2.9    2.3
    162              Salem, OR                                            1.3   -3.7    1.8
    163              Charleston, WV                                       1.3   -0.2    1.3
    164              Pittsburgh, PA                                       1.3   -1.1    2.0
    165              Terre Haute, IN                                      1.3   -2.1    1.7
    166              Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO                1.2    0.6    1.8
    167              Bakersfield, CA                                      1.2   -0.5    3.1
    168              San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA                    1.2   -2.5    3.1
    169              Oshkosh-Neenah, WI                                   1.2    0.5    1.1
    170              Las Vegas-Paradise, NV                               1.2   -3.6    2.0
    171              Wichita Falls, TX                                    1.2   -1.4    2.2
    172              Savannah, GA                                         1.2   -0.6    2.3
    173              Jefferson City, MO                                   1.2   -2.4    2.4
    174              Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC           1.2   -1.8    2.7
    175              Utica-Rome, NY                                       1.2   -0.5    1.5
    176              Morristown, TN                                       1.2   -1.2    1.9
    177              Wheeling, WV-OH                                      1.2    1.3    1.6
    178              Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA                 1.2   -2.4    2.1
    179              Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ                    1.1   -1.9    1.8
    180              Lewiston-Auburn, ME                                  1.1   -2.5    0.9
    181              Lancaster, PA                                        1.1   -2.4    1.7
    182              Tulsa, OK                                            1.1   -0.2    2.2
    183              Gainesville, FL                                      1.1   -2.1    2.0
    184              Lawrence, KS                                         1.1   -2.8    1.1
    185              Fond du Lac, WI                                      1.1   -2.8    0.6
    186              Charlottesville, VA                                  1.1   -3.2    2.5
    187              Springfield, MO                                      1.0   -1.3    3.1
    188              Fresno, CA                                           1.0   -1.7    3.7
    189              Scranton-Wilkes-Barre, PA                            1.0   -1.7    1.9
    190              Mobile, AL                                           1.0    0.9    3.6
    191              Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL                           1.0   -0.6    1.8
    192              Glens Falls, NY                                      1.0   -1.3    1.6
    193              Tucson, AZ                                           1.0   -2.4    1.7
    194              Baton Rouge, LA                                      0.9    0.8    1.3
    195              Rockford, IL                                         0.9   -1.1    2.8
    196              La Crosse, WI-MN                                     0.9   -1.0    1.5
    197              Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD          0.9   -1.8    2.3
    198              Columbia, MO                                         0.9   -0.9    2.9



IHS Global Insight                                                                            79
                                      Table 9: Real GMP Growth Rates
                                       (Annual average percent change)
                                                                         2006-
    Rank                                                                  2008   2009   2010
    199              Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY                             0.9   -1.1    2.2
    200              Lincoln, NE                                           0.9   -0.8    1.1
    201              Lynchburg, VA                                         0.9   -1.3    2.8
    202              Bloomington-Normal, IL                                0.9    1.5    3.0
    203              Gadsden, AL                                           0.9   -0.2    2.4
    204              Great Falls, MT                                       0.8   -2.6    0.7
    205              Columbia, SC                                          0.8   -0.1    2.8
    206              Williamsport, PA                                      0.8   -3.5    2.3
    207              Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC                        0.8   -0.1    2.5
    208              Modesto, CA                                           0.8   -1.3    2.7
    209              Montgomery, AL                                        0.8   -0.9    2.4
    210              Santa Fe, NM                                          0.8   -3.1    0.7
    211              Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI                     0.8   -2.9    0.5
    212              Orlando-Kissimmee, FL                                 0.8   -3.2    2.4
    213              Kalamazoo-Portage, MI                                 0.7   -2.2    1.3
    214              Joplin, MO                                            0.7   -0.3    3.2
    215              Jackson, MS                                           0.7    0.1    2.6
    216              Columbus, OH                                          0.7   -0.9    2.3
    217              Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI                   0.7   -2.3    2.1
    218              Green Bay, WI                                         0.7    0.1    1.7
    219              South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI                           0.7   -1.8    1.5
    220              Stockton, CA                                          0.7   -1.2    2.8
    221              Richmond, VA                                          0.7   -3.6    2.8
    222              Battle Creek, MI                                      0.6   -2.9    0.9
    223              Bremerton-Silverdale, WA                              0.6   -3.9    1.6
    224              Asheville, NC                                         0.6   -2.3    1.9
    225              Indianapolis-Carmel, IN                               0.6   -1.7    2.1
    226              Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA                      0.6   -2.6    1.8
    227              Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA                  0.6   -2.2    3.2
    228              Carson City, NV                                       0.6   -3.2    1.3
    229              Dover, DE                                             0.6   -3.1    1.6
    230              Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL                              0.6   -4.5    2.3
    231              Chattanooga, TN-GA                                    0.5   -1.5    2.2
    232              Boise City-Nampa, ID                                  0.5   -5.6    1.0
    233              Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA                    0.5   -3.6    2.1
    234              Salisbury, MD                                         0.5   -1.7    1.3
    235              Akron, OH                                             0.5   -2.4    0.9
    236              Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT                       0.5   -3.0    1.9
    237              Danville, IL                                          0.4   -0.1    2.0
    238              Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN                       0.4   -2.7    0.8



IHS Global Insight                                                                             80
                                       Table 9: Real GMP Growth Rates
                                        (Annual average percent change)
                                                                          2006-
    Rank                                                                   2008   2009   2010
    239              Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN                     0.4   -1.8    2.4
    240              Bay City, MI                                           0.4   -3.6    0.5
    241              Hattiesburg, MS                                        0.3   -1.2    2.5
    242              Elizabethtown, KY                                      0.3   -1.1    2.2
    243              Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA                                0.3   -4.1    1.8
    244              Barnstable Town, MA                                    0.3   -1.9    0.6
    245              Tallahassee, FL                                        0.3   -2.3    1.8
    246              Fort Wayne, IN                                         0.3   -3.0    1.0
    247              Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH                           0.3    0.2    0.8
    248              Bangor, ME                                             0.2   -1.4    2.0
    249              New Haven-Milford, CT                                  0.2   -1.0    1.9
    250              Yuba City, CA                                          0.2   -3.5    1.5
    251              Jackson, TN                                            0.2   -1.7    2.0
    252              Monroe, LA                                             0.2   -2.0    1.7
    253              Niles-Benton Harbor, MI                                0.2   -4.3    0.6
    254              Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH                     0.2    0.4    1.7
    255              Reading, PA                                            0.1   -2.5    1.9
    256              Salinas, CA                                            0.1   -3.5    1.9
    257              Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ                            0.1   -4.4    1.7
    258              Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL                      0.1   -2.2    2.1
    259              Danville, VA                                           0.1   -3.2    2.2
    260              New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA                        0.1   -0.5    2.5
    261              Racine, WI                                             0.1   -2.7    0.8
    262              Longview, WA                                           0.1   -4.3    1.6
    263              Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA                  0.1   -3.4    2.1
    264              San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA                        0.1   -2.1    2.4
    265              Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ                       0.0   -3.6   -0.4
    266              Appleton, WI                                           0.0   -1.2    2.3
    267              Memphis, TN-MS-AR                                      0.0   -1.1    2.0
    268              Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC                      0.0   -3.8    2.2
    269              Wausau, WI                                             0.0   -2.6    1.4
    270              St. George, UT                                        -0.1   -3.3    1.3
    271              Birmingham-Hoover, AL                                 -0.1   -1.1    2.0
    272              Fort Smith, AR-OK                                     -0.1   -1.2    2.8
    273              Pittsfield, MA                                        -0.1   -2.4    1.2
    274              Michigan City-La Porte, IN                            -0.1   -2.5    1.9
    275              Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL                            -0.1   -2.3    1.3
    276              Sheboygan, WI                                         -0.1   -2.6    0.8
    277              Kingston, NY                                          -0.1   -1.3    2.8
    278              Greensboro-High Point, NC                             -0.1   -3.0    2.5



IHS Global Insight                                                                              81
                                      Table 9: Real GMP Growth Rates
                                       (Annual average percent change)
                                                                         2006-
    Rank                                                                  2008   2009   2010
    279              Duluth, MN-WI                                        -0.2   -2.7    1.6
    280              Anderson, SC                                         -0.2   -1.1    2.0
    281              Vallejo-Fairfield, CA                                -0.2   -1.9    1.0
    282              Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA             -0.2   -2.5    1.6
    283              Lansing-East Lansing, MI                             -0.3   -3.1    0.5
    284              Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV                        -0.3   -1.1    1.5
    285              Hot Springs, AR                                      -0.3    1.3    2.8
    286              Casper, WY                                           -0.3    1.4    1.0
    287              Decatur, AL                                          -0.3   -2.8    1.7
    288              Owensboro, KY                                        -0.3    0.3    1.7
    289              Atlantic City, NJ                                    -0.4   -5.8   -1.3
    290              Ocean City, NJ                                       -0.4   -1.7    5.7
    291              Reno-Sparks, NV                                      -0.4   -5.5    1.4
    292              Bend, OR                                             -0.4   -1.4    2.0
    293              Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA                -0.4   -3.2    2.7
    294              Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL              -0.4   -2.5    2.4
    295              Muncie, IN                                           -0.4   -2.3    1.2
    296              Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA                           -0.5   -4.2    1.9
    297              Brunswick, GA                                        -0.5   -0.1    3.0
    298              Springfield, OH                                      -0.5   -2.2    1.9
    299              Canton-Massillon, OH                                 -0.5   -2.5    0.9
    300              Rochester, NY                                        -0.6   -0.5    2.1
    301              Cleveland, TN                                        -0.6   -1.1    2.8
    302              Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC           -0.6   -4.3    2.2
    303              Albany, GA                                           -0.6   -0.6    2.7
    304              Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH                          -0.7   -4.3    0.6
    305              Rome, GA                                             -0.7   -2.3    2.2
    306              Winchester, VA-WV                                    -0.7   -4.9    2.0
    307              Holland-Grand Haven, MI                              -0.7   -4.3    2.0
    308              Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA                           -0.8   -2.3    2.4
    309              Medford, OR                                          -0.8   -3.0    1.3
    310              Roanoke, VA                                          -0.8   -3.8    2.0
    311              Jackson, MI                                          -0.9   -4.0    0.7
    312              Rocky Mount, NC                                      -0.9   -0.1    1.5
    313              Fairbanks, AK                                        -1.0   -2.7    1.4
    314              Burlington, NC                                       -1.0   -2.6    2.2
    315              Lakeland, FL                                         -1.0   -2.4    2.0
    316              Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA                 -1.1   -3.4    2.9
    317              Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL               -1.1   -1.4    1.6
    318              Goldsboro, NC                                        -1.1   -2.4    2.7



IHS Global Insight                                                                             82
                                     Table 9: Real GMP Growth Rates
                                      (Annual average percent change)
                                                                        2006-
    Rank                                                                 2008   2009    2010
    319              Ann Arbor, MI                                       -1.1    -3.4    2.0
    320              Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL                 -1.2    -3.7    1.8
    321              Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL              -1.2    -2.8    1.9
    322              Jacksonville, FL                                    -1.3    -2.9    2.0
    323              Anchorage, AK                                       -1.3    -1.6    2.5
    324              Winston-Salem, NC                                   -1.4    -1.0    2.6
    325              Toledo, OH                                          -1.4    -4.8    1.3
    326              Dayton, OH                                          -1.4    -3.2    1.2
    327              Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI                            -1.5    -3.2    0.6
    328              Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL                      -1.5    -2.0    1.7
    329              Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI                          -1.5    -5.9   -0.4
    330              Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI                          -1.5    -3.6    1.9
    331              Redding, CA                                         -1.5    -5.1    1.7
    332              Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA                    -1.6    -4.3    3.1
    333              Prescott, AZ                                        -1.6    -4.6    1.0
    334              Macon, GA                                           -1.6    -3.0    2.2
    335              Sumter, SC                                          -1.7    -1.8    2.2
    336              Ocala, FL                                           -1.8    -3.3    2.0
    337              Port St. Lucie, FL                                  -1.9    -3.1    2.6
    338              Florence, SC                                        -1.9    -1.2    2.0
    339              Farmington, NM                                      -1.9     0.2    0.3
    340              Mansfield, OH                                       -1.9    -4.5    2.0
    341              Shreveport-Bossier City, LA                         -2.0    -2.0    1.6
    342              Dothan, AL                                          -2.0    -2.0    2.4
    343              Evansville, IN-KY                                   -2.0    -0.9    1.8
    344              Anderson, IN                                        -2.2    -3.2    1.7
    345              Pine Bluff, AR                                      -2.3    -1.6    2.1
    346              Lima, OH                                            -2.6    -2.8    0.4
    347              Janesville, WI                                      -2.7    -4.8    1.6
    348              Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA                   -2.9    -6.4    0.2
    349              Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC                        -2.9    -4.9    2.2
    350              Kokomo, IN                                          -2.9   -10.9    3.2
    351              Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ                        -3.0    -5.3    0.6
    352              Sandusky, OH                                        -3.2    -0.7    1.0
    353              Elkhart-Goshen, IN                                  -3.4    -8.7    2.7
    354              Monroe, MI                                          -3.5    -5.4    0.4
    355              Dalton, GA                                          -3.5    -5.2    2.0
    356              Flint, MI                                           -3.9    -6.6   -1.1
    357              Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL                       -4.1    -5.7    1.6
    358              Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI                  -4.2    -4.4    0.5



IHS Global Insight                                                                             83
                                       Table 9: Real GMP Growth Rates
                                        (Annual average percent change)
                                                                          2006-
    Rank                                                                   2008   2009   2010
    359              Naples-Marco Island, FL                               -4.4   -5.7    1.2
    360              Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL                             -4.6   -5.9    1.7
    361              Punta Gorda, FL                                       -4.9   -3.9    2.3
    362              Lake Charles, LA                                      -5.0   -0.1    2.6
    363              Palm Coast, FL                                        -7.5   -5.3    3.0




IHS Global Insight                                                                              84
                          Table 10: Change in Metro Area Unemployment Rates
                                       (End of Year Value, Percent)
                                                                                Change (level)
                                                                                2007-      2009-
 Metropolitan Statistical Area                    2007   2009    2011    2013    2009       2013
 Abilene, TX                                       3.7    6.6     5.8     5.0     2.8        -1.6
 Akron, OH                                         5.4   11.6    11.1     9.1     6.1        -2.4
 Albuquerque, NM                                   3.6    8.3     6.9     5.8     4.7        -2.6
 Alexandria, LA                                    3.3    6.0     7.7     6.6     2.7         0.6
 Albany, GA                                        5.4   10.7     9.3     7.7     5.2        -3.0
 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ                 4.6   10.2     8.1     6.6     5.6        -3.6
 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY                       4.3    8.0     7.3     6.1     3.7        -2.0
 Altoona, PA                                       4.3    8.1     6.6     5.6     3.8        -2.6
 Amarillo, TX                                      3.4    5.9     5.2     4.5     2.5        -1.4
 Ames, IA                                          3.0    4.5     4.7     4.2     1.4        -0.3
 Anchorage, AK                                     5.5    8.0     7.5     6.8     2.5        -1.1
 Anderson, IN                                      6.2   11.5    10.4     9.3     5.3        -2.2
 Ann Arbor, MI                                     5.0    9.8     8.2     6.6     4.8        -3.2
 Anniston-Oxford, AL                               3.7   11.1     9.9     8.0     7.5        -3.2
 Anderson, SC                                      5.6   13.0    12.1     9.6     7.4        -3.3
 Appleton, WI                                      4.3    8.8     8.6     7.7     4.4        -1.0
 Asheville, NC                                     3.8    9.5     8.5     6.8     5.7        -2.7
 Atlantic City, NJ                                 5.6   13.9    12.1     8.7     8.3        -5.2
 Athens-Clarke County, GA                          3.9    7.2     7.8     6.7     3.3        -0.6
 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA                4.8   10.8     9.2     7.4     6.0        -3.4
 Auburn-Opelika, AL                                3.6    9.6     8.3     6.7     6.0        -2.9
 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC                    5.5    9.7     8.8     7.4     4.1        -2.3
 Austin-Round Rock, TX                             3.8    7.7     7.2     6.1     3.9        -1.6
 Bakersfield, CA                                   8.8   16.8    13.9    11.9     8.0        -4.9
 Baltimore-Towson, MD                              3.7    7.9     6.5     5.5     4.2        -2.5
 Bangor, ME                                        5.0    8.9     8.4     7.2     3.9        -1.7
 Barnstable Town, MA                               4.9    8.5     8.7     7.3     3.5        -1.2
 Baton Rouge, LA                                   3.2    6.8     6.9     6.2     3.5        -0.6
 Battle Creek, MI                                  6.9   13.4    11.2     9.4     6.5        -4.0
 Bay City, MI                                      6.9   14.4    11.1     9.2     7.5        -5.2
 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX                          5.3    9.8    10.0     8.5     4.5        -1.3
 Bellingham, WA                                    4.3    8.5     6.5     5.5     4.3        -3.0
 Bend, OR                                          5.6   15.3    12.0     8.9     9.7        -6.4
 Billings, MT                                      2.8    5.0     4.4     4.0     2.2        -1.0
 Binghamton, NY                                    4.7    9.6     6.6     5.8     4.9        -3.8
 Birmingham-Hoover, AL                             3.4   10.8     9.1     7.1     7.4        -3.7
 Bismarck, ND                                      2.9    3.8     4.2     3.6     1.0        -0.3
 Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA             3.9    8.6     6.8     5.8     4.7        -2.7
 Bloomington-Normal, IL                            4.4    8.8     7.4     6.3     4.4        -2.6
 Bloomington, IN                                   4.1    7.4     6.9     6.2     3.3        -1.2
 Boise City-Nampa, ID                              3.5   11.0     7.7     6.1     7.5        -4.9
 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH                    4.1    8.7     7.9     6.5     4.6        -2.2
 Boulder, CO                                       3.6    6.1     6.5     4.7     2.4        -1.4
 Bowling Green, KY                                 4.5   12.7     8.7     7.3     8.2        -5.4
 Bremerton-Silverdale, WA                          4.3    7.6     6.6     5.7     3.3        -2.0
 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT                   4.4    8.2     7.0     6.0     3.8        -2.2
 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX                         5.9   11.5    10.2     8.8     5.5        -2.7


IHS Global Insight                                                                             85
                        Table 10: Change in Metro Area Unemployment Rates
                                     (End of Year Value, Percent)
                                                                              Change (level)
                                                                              2007-      2009-
 Metropolitan Statistical Area                  2007   2009    2011    2013    2009       2013
 Brunswick, GA                                   4.0     8.7     8.8    7.2     4.7       -1.4
 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY                       5.2     9.7     8.9    7.5     4.5       -2.3
 Burlington, NC                                  5.0    12.3    10.8    8.4     7.3       -3.9
 Burlington-South Burlington, VT                 3.7     6.0     6.0    5.2     2.3       -0.8
 Canton-Massillon, OH                            6.0    12.6    10.9    9.1     6.6       -3.5
 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL                       5.9    13.6    12.6    9.9     7.7       -3.7
 Carson City, NV                                 5.4    13.3    12.0   10.0     7.9       -3.4
 Casper, WY                                      2.6     8.9     6.3    4.9     6.3       -3.9
 Cedar Rapids, IA                                3.8     6.5     6.3    5.5     2.8       -1.0
 Champaign-Urbana, IL                            5.0     9.7     8.3    7.0     4.7       -2.7
 Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC               4.9    13.0    10.9    8.4     8.1       -4.5
 Chattanooga, TN-GA                              4.7     9.8     9.1    7.5     5.0       -2.3
 Cheyenne, WY                                    3.6     8.6     7.4    6.1     5.0       -2.5
 Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI             5.2    11.4    11.5    9.6     6.1       -1.7
 Chico, CA                                       7.1    14.6    11.3    9.8     7.5       -4.8
 Charleston-North Charleston, SC                 4.5    10.0     9.0    7.0     5.5       -3.0
 Charlottesville, VA                             2.6     5.9     4.5    3.8     3.2       -2.1
 Charleston, WV                                  3.9     8.3     8.1    6.7     4.4       -1.6
 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN                 5.1    11.0    10.1    8.3     5.9       -2.7
 Clarksville, TN-KY                              5.9    11.1     9.9    8.5     5.2       -2.6
 Cleveland, TN                                   5.2    10.3     9.6    8.2     5.0       -2.0
 Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH                     6.2    10.3     9.9    8.3     4.2       -2.0
 Coeur d'Alene, ID                               3.6    11.7     5.8    4.8     8.1       -6.8
 Columbus, IN                                    3.5     9.5     8.0    6.9     6.0       -2.6
 College Station-Bryan, TX                       3.7     6.5     5.8    5.0     2.7       -1.5
 Colorado Springs, CO                            4.7     8.1     8.7    6.4     3.4       -1.7
 Columbus, GA-AL                                 5.1     9.4     9.5    8.0     4.2       -1.4
 Columbia, MO                                    4.0     6.1     5.9    5.2     2.2       -0.9
 Columbus, OH                                    4.9     9.7     9.5    7.9     4.8       -1.7
 Corpus Christi, TX                              4.4     8.2     7.1    6.0     3.8       -2.2
 Corvallis, OR                                   4.0     8.1     6.9    5.2     4.2       -2.9
 Columbia, SC                                    4.9     9.6     8.6    7.0     4.8       -2.6
 Cumberland, MD-WV                               4.8     8.8     7.2    5.8     4.0       -3.1
 Danville, IL                                    7.1    13.3    12.2   10.3     6.2       -3.0
 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX                 4.4     8.9     8.3    7.0     4.5       -1.9
 Dalton, GA                                      5.0    12.9    12.0    9.4     7.9       -3.5
 Danville, VA                                    5.9    11.7     9.9    8.3     5.8       -3.5
 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL             4.6     9.8     9.1    7.5     5.1       -2.3
 Dayton, OH                                      6.0    12.7    12.0    9.9     6.7       -2.9
 Decatur, AL                                     3.4    12.1     9.8    7.7     8.7       -4.3
 Decatur, IL                                     6.3    14.0    11.3    9.3     7.6       -4.7
 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL          4.7    12.0    10.8    8.5     7.4       -3.5
 Denver-Aurora, CO                               4.2     7.8     8.0    5.7     3.6       -2.0
 Des Moines, IA                                  3.6     6.4     5.8    5.1     2.8       -1.3
 Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI                      7.8    17.5    14.7   11.8     9.7       -5.7
 Dothan, AL                                      3.6     9.9     8.8    7.1     6.4       -2.9
 Dover, DE                                       3.6     8.4     6.2    5.4     4.8       -3.0


IHS Global Insight                                                                          86
                           Table 10: Change in Metro Area Unemployment Rates
                                        (End of Year Value, Percent)
                                                                                 Change (level)
                                                                                 2007-      2009-
 Metropolitan Statistical Area                     2007   2009    2011    2013    2009       2013
 Dubuque, IA                                        4.1     6.7     6.9    6.0     2.6       -0.7
 Duluth, MN-WI                                      5.5     9.1     9.0    7.6     3.6       -1.5
 Durham, NC                                         4.0     8.4     7.2    5.7     4.4       -2.7
 Eau Claire, WI                                     4.1     7.4     7.5    6.8     3.3       -0.6
 El Centro, CA                                     19.2    27.4    27.3   24.6     8.2       -2.8
 Elizabethtown, KY                                  5.2    12.3     9.3    8.0     7.1       -4.3
 Elkhart-Goshen, IN                                 4.5    15.0    16.4   14.3    10.5       -0.7
 Elmira, NY                                         4.7     9.8     7.2    6.2     5.1       -3.6
 El Paso, TX                                        5.7    10.3    10.3    9.1     4.6       -1.2
 Erie, PA                                           5.0    10.6     7.4    6.1     5.6       -4.6
 Eugene-Springfield, OR                             5.2    12.1    11.5    8.8     6.9       -3.2
 Evansville, IN-KY                                  4.5     8.7     8.2    7.3     4.1       -1.4
 Fairbanks, AK                                      5.5     8.0     7.5    6.9     2.5       -1.1
 Fayetteville, NC                                   5.3     9.3     9.1    7.6     4.1       -1.7
 Fargo, ND-MN                                       2.7     4.7     4.3    3.7     1.9       -0.9
 Farmington, NM                                     3.1     9.6     6.6    5.2     6.5       -4.4
 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO              3.8     6.4     6.3    5.3     2.6       -1.2
 Flagstaff, AZ                                      3.9     8.7     8.5    6.9     4.8       -1.8
 Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL                         4.2    12.3    10.3    8.3     8.2       -4.0
 Flint, MI                                          8.7    17.5    14.2   12.0     8.8       -5.5
 Florence, SC                                       6.0    12.4    12.2   10.1     6.4       -2.3
 Fond du Lac, WI                                    4.3     9.8     9.0    7.9     5.5       -1.9
 Fresno, CA                                         9.2    17.2    14.6   11.9     8.1       -5.3
 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO                          3.7     6.1     6.8    5.2     2.4       -0.8
 Fort Smith, AR-OK                                  4.8     8.6     9.3    7.5     3.7       -1.1
 Fort Wayne, IN                                     4.8    12.1    11.4    9.6     7.2       -2.4
 Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL             3.3     7.5     7.6    6.2     4.2       -1.3
 Gadsden, AL                                        4.2    11.3    10.5    8.5     7.1       -2.8
 Gainesville, FL                                    3.3     7.7     6.8    5.3     4.4       -2.4
 Gainesville, GA                                    3.9     9.5     9.2    7.5     5.6       -2.0
 Glens Falls, NY                                    4.7     9.2     6.6    5.9     4.5       -3.3
 Goldsboro, NC                                      4.6     9.1     9.0    7.5     4.4       -1.5
 Green Bay, WI                                      4.4     8.4     8.5    7.7     3.9       -0.7
 Greeley, CO                                        4.5     8.1     8.5    6.5     3.6       -1.6
 Greensboro-High Point, NC                          5.0    12.5    10.8    8.5     7.5       -4.0
 Great Falls, MT                                    3.7     5.6     5.1    4.7     1.9       -0.9
 Grand Forks, ND-MN                                 3.4     4.9     4.9    4.2     1.5       -0.7
 Grand Junction, CO                                 3.5     9.0     7.8    5.7     5.5       -3.3
 Greenville, NC                                     5.2    10.6    10.2    8.4     5.4       -2.1
 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI                           6.1    12.9    11.2    9.1     6.8       -3.8
 Greenville, SC                                     4.9    10.8     9.6    7.4     5.9       -3.4
 Gulfport-Biloxi, MS                                5.1     7.7     8.8    7.6     2.7       -0.1
 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV                      4.3     9.9     8.5    6.9     5.6       -3.0
 Hanford-Corcoran, CA                               9.1    17.2    13.4   11.8     8.1       -5.4
 Harrisonburg, VA                                   2.8     6.2     5.0    4.2     3.4       -2.0
 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA                            3.8     8.2     6.6    5.5     4.4       -2.7
 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT           5.0     8.6     7.4    6.4     3.6       -2.1


IHS Global Insight                                                                             87
                        Table 10: Change in Metro Area Unemployment Rates
                                     (End of Year Value, Percent)
                                                                              Change (level)
                                                                              2007-      2009-
 Metropolitan Statistical Area                  2007   2009    2011    2013    2009       2013
 Hattiesburg, MS                                 5.0     8.2     8.9    7.6     3.2       -0.6
 Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC                    6.1    15.2    13.4   10.4     9.1       -4.8
 Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA                     4.9     7.6     8.8    7.5     2.7       -0.1
 Holland-Grand Haven, MI                         5.9    14.3    11.3    9.2     8.3       -5.1
 Honolulu, HI                                    2.7     6.7     5.9    5.0     4.0       -1.7
 Hot Springs, AR                                 5.2     7.5     8.4    7.1     2.3       -0.4
 Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA                  2.3     4.9     5.6    4.8     2.5       -0.1
 Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX                  4.3     8.9     7.9    6.6     4.6       -2.3
 Huntsville, AL                                  2.9     8.8     7.8    6.0     5.9       -2.8
 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH                    4.6     8.9     8.0    7.0     4.3       -1.9
 Idaho Falls, ID                                 2.4     7.6     5.2    4.3     5.2       -3.3
 Indianapolis, IN                                4.1     9.3     9.0    7.8     5.2       -1.5
 Iowa City, IA                                   2.9     4.3     4.5    4.0     1.3       -0.2
 Ithaca, NY                                      3.5     6.0     4.7    4.3     2.5       -1.8
 Jackson, MI                                     7.6    16.1    12.6   10.4     8.5       -5.7
 Jackson, MS                                     5.0     8.4     8.0    6.7     3.4       -1.8
 Janesville, WI                                  5.2    12.4    12.3   10.7     7.2       -1.7
 Jackson, TN                                     5.6    11.5    10.0    8.3     5.9       -3.2
 Jefferson City, MO                              4.3     7.5     7.2    6.3     3.2       -1.2
 Johnson City, TN                                5.0     9.9     9.0    7.6     4.9       -2.3
 Johnstown, PA                                   5.5    10.1     7.8    6.6     4.6       -3.5
 Jonesboro, AR                                   5.3     7.5     8.0    6.6     2.2       -0.8
 Joplin, MO                                      4.8     7.9     7.2    6.4     3.1       -1.5
 Jacksonville, FL                                4.3    11.6    10.1    7.9     7.3       -3.7
 Jacksonville, NC                                4.7     8.6     8.1    6.7     3.9       -1.9
 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI                           5.8    12.7     9.9    8.2     6.9       -4.5
 Kankakee-Bradley, IL                            7.3    15.0    12.8   10.7     7.8       -4.3
 Kansas City, MO-KS                              5.2     9.2     8.4    7.3     4.0       -1.9
 Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA                    5.1     7.3     6.6    5.8     2.2       -1.4
 Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX                    4.7     7.4     7.0    6.1     2.7       -1.3
 Kingston, NY                                    4.8     9.8     8.4    7.0     5.0       -2.8
 Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA                4.8     8.5     6.3    5.6     3.8       -3.0
 Knoxville, TN                                   4.2     9.4     8.6    7.0     5.2       -2.4
 Kokomo, IN                                      5.4    13.9    13.4   11.7     8.6       -2.3
 Lake Charles, LA                                3.1     5.9     7.5    6.5     2.8        0.6
 La Crosse, WI-MN                                3.9     7.2     6.9    6.1     3.3       -1.0
 Lafayette, LA                                   2.4     5.5     6.1    5.1     3.1       -0.4
 Lake Havasu, AZ                                 5.2    10.4    11.8    9.9     5.2       -0.5
 Lafayette, IN                                   4.0     9.1     8.0    7.0     5.1       -2.1
 Lakeland, FL                                    5.0    12.3    11.2    8.8     7.3       -3.5
 Lancaster, PA                                   3.5     8.3     7.3    5.9     4.8       -2.4
 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA            5.2    12.3     9.6    7.9     7.0       -4.3
 Lansing-East Lansing, MI                        5.8    12.3    10.5    8.6     6.5       -3.6
 Laredo, TX                                      4.9     9.8     8.2    7.0     4.9       -2.8
 Las Cruces, NM                                  4.0     8.2     7.2    6.0     4.2       -2.2
 Las Vegas-Paradise, NV                          5.1    13.7    12.1    9.9     8.5       -3.7
 Lawrence, KS                                    3.8     5.3     5.3    4.5     1.6       -0.8


IHS Global Insight                                                                          88
                         Table 10: Change in Metro Area Unemployment Rates
                                      (End of Year Value, Percent)
                                                                               Change (level)
                                                                               2007-      2009-
 Metropolitan Statistical Area                   2007   2009    2011    2013    2009       2013
 Lawton, OK                                       3.9     5.9     6.8    5.4     1.9       -0.4
 Lebanon, PA                                      3.6     7.7     5.8    4.8     4.1       -2.9
 Lewiston, ID-WA                                  4.6     9.4     8.8    7.4     4.8       -2.0
 Lewiston-Auburn, ME                              3.7     7.4     6.0    5.1     3.8       -2.3
 Lexington-Fayette, KY                            4.3     9.6     7.6    6.6     5.3       -3.0
 Lima, OH                                         6.3    11.5    11.8   10.0     5.2       -1.5
 Lincoln, NE                                      2.7     4.8     5.4    4.3     2.1       -0.5
 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR                4.3     6.9     6.9    5.8     2.6       -1.1
 Logan, UT-ID                                     2.3     4.8     4.9    4.1     2.5       -0.7
 Longview, TX                                     4.0     8.6     6.8    5.6     4.6       -3.0
 Louisville, KY-IN                                5.3    11.0     9.3    8.2     5.7       -2.8
 Longview, WA                                     6.5    13.5    10.6    9.0     7.0       -4.6
 Lubbock, TX                                      3.7     6.0     5.4    4.6     2.3       -1.3
 Lynchburg, VA                                    3.5     7.4     5.8    4.9     3.9       -2.5
 Macon, GA                                        5.2    10.0     9.7    8.0     4.7       -1.9
 Madera, CA                                       8.0    15.9    12.1   10.7     7.9       -5.3
 Madison, WI                                      3.4     7.0     6.1    5.4     3.6       -1.6
 Manchester-Nashua, NH                            3.4     7.8     6.8    5.7     4.4       -2.0
 Mansfield, OH                                    6.6    13.3    12.7   10.6     6.7       -2.8
 McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX                       6.5    12.9    11.8    9.8     6.4       -3.0
 Medford, OR                                      5.9    13.4    12.1    9.3     7.5       -4.1
 Memphis, TN-MS-AR                                5.6    11.0    10.5    8.8     5.3       -2.1
 Merced, CA                                      10.9    20.4    15.9   14.0     9.4       -6.4
 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL            4.5    11.4    10.0    8.0     6.9       -3.4
 Michigan City-La Porte, IN                       5.1    12.4    10.2    8.8     7.4       -3.6
 Midland, TX                                      2.9     6.2     4.7    3.9     3.3       -2.4
 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI                4.7    10.1     9.4    8.1     5.3       -2.0
 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI          4.4     8.6     9.0    7.2     4.1       -1.4
 Missoula, MT                                     3.7     6.4     5.8    5.2     2.8       -1.2
 Mobile, AL                                       3.8    11.8     9.4    7.3     7.9       -4.5
 Modesto, CA                                      9.4    18.5    15.1   12.8     9.1       -5.7
 Monroe, LA                                       4.0     7.5     8.4    7.2     3.5       -0.3
 Monroe, MI                                       7.5    15.0    13.3   11.1     7.5       -3.9
 Montgomery, AL                                   3.7    10.5     9.7    7.8     6.8       -2.7
 Morgantown, WV                                   3.4     5.9     5.6    4.9     2.5       -1.0
 Morristown, TN                                   5.6    13.4    11.8    9.8     7.7       -3.6
 Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA                       4.8    10.6     8.0    6.7     5.8       -3.9
 Muncie, IN                                       5.3    11.1     9.7    8.7     5.9       -2.4
 Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI                       7.3    17.1    13.7   11.3     9.7       -5.8
 Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC       5.2    12.3    12.4   10.1     7.1       -2.1
 Napa, CA                                         4.3    10.1     7.7    6.5     5.7       -3.5
 Naples-Marco Island, FL                          5.1    11.5    10.7    8.4     6.4       -3.1
 Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro, TN             4.6    10.1     9.2    7.4     5.5       -2.6
 New Haven-Milford, CT                            5.4     9.3     8.2    7.1     4.0       -2.3
 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA                  3.2     7.3     6.9    6.0     4.1       -1.3
 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI                          7.1    15.1    11.7    9.7     8.1       -5.5
 Norwich-New London, CT                           4.6     8.1     7.1    6.2     3.4       -1.8


IHS Global Insight                                                                           89
                        Table 10: Change in Metro Area Unemployment Rates
                                     (End of Year Value, Percent)
                                                                              Change (level)
                                                                              2007-      2009-
 Metropolitan Statistical Area                  2007   2009    2011    2013    2009       2013
 New York-NNJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA              4.5     9.6     8.5    6.9     5.1       -2.7
 Ocala, FL                                       5.4    13.8    12.5    9.9     8.5       -3.9
 Ocean City, NJ                                  6.4    13.3    12.4    9.3     6.8       -4.0
 Odessa, TX                                      3.5     9.7     6.4    5.0     6.2       -4.7
 Ogden-Clearfield, UT                            3.2     7.0     6.8    5.8     3.8       -1.2
 Oklahoma City, OK                               3.8     7.0     7.7    6.3     3.2       -0.7
 Olympia, WA                                     4.4     7.6     6.5    5.6     3.2       -2.1
 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA                     3.3     5.9     6.3    5.4     2.6       -0.5
 Orlando, FL                                     4.3    12.2    10.2    7.8     7.9       -4.3
 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI                              4.2     8.0     8.4    7.6     3.8       -0.4
 Owensboro, KY                                   4.9    10.7     8.2    7.3     5.8       -3.4
 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA                5.3    11.5     9.4    7.9     6.2       -3.6
 Palm Coast, FL                                  7.4    16.5    14.2   10.4     9.2       -6.1
 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL               4.8    11.6    10.4    8.2     6.7       -3.3
 Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL                      4.0    10.1     9.5    7.6     6.1       -2.5
 Parkersburg-Marietta, WV-OH                     4.8    10.0     9.5    8.1     5.1       -1.9
 Pascagoula, MS                                  5.4     8.8    10.9    9.7     3.4        0.9
 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL                  4.2    10.1     9.5    7.4     5.9       -2.7
 Peoria, IL                                      5.1    13.2     9.7    7.7     8.1       -5.5
 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD     4.4     9.0     7.5    6.2     4.6       -2.8
 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ                     3.6     9.0     8.7    7.2     5.4       -1.8
 Pine Bluff, AR                                  6.7    10.0    10.7    9.3     3.3       -0.7
 Pittsfield, MA                                  4.2     8.2     7.0    6.4     4.0       -1.8
 Pittsburgh, PA                                  4.5     8.6     6.9    5.8     4.1       -2.8
 Pocatello, ID                                   3.3     9.1     5.1    4.2     5.8       -4.9
 Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME           3.9     8.0     7.4    5.9     4.1       -2.0
 Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA             4.9    12.1    10.1    7.8     7.2       -4.3
 Port St. Lucie-Fort Pierce, FL                  6.0    13.4    12.9   10.2     7.4       -3.2
 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY            4.4     8.8     8.2    6.7     4.4       -2.1
 Prescott, AZ                                    4.0     9.4    10.3    8.4     5.4       -1.1
 Provo-Orem, UT                                  2.8     6.5     6.0    5.1     3.7       -1.4
 Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA        5.8    12.7    11.4    9.3     7.0       -3.4
 Pueblo, CO                                      5.1     8.0     9.4    7.4     2.9       -0.6
 Punta Gorda, FL                                 6.2    12.6    12.3    9.9     6.4       -2.7
 Racine, WI                                      5.5    10.6    10.9    9.9     5.1       -0.7
 Raleigh-Cary, NC                                3.8     9.4     7.7    6.1     5.6       -3.3
 Rapid City, SD                                  2.6     5.1     5.0    4.5     2.5       -0.6
 Reading, PA                                     4.4    10.0     7.6    6.2     5.6       -3.8
 Redding, CA                                     8.2    17.4    13.4   11.6     9.2       -5.7
 Reno-Sparks, NV                                 5.0    13.9    12.3   10.1     8.9       -3.8
 Richmond, VA                                    3.4     8.0     6.7    5.4     4.6       -2.6
 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA            6.4    14.9    11.9    9.4     8.5       -5.5
 Roanoke, VA                                     3.4     7.6     5.6    4.6     4.2       -3.0
 Rockford, IL                                    7.5    15.9    14.5   12.0     8.4       -3.9
 Rome, GA                                        5.1    11.3    10.6    8.7     6.2       -2.5
 Rochester, MN                                   4.0     6.8     7.4    6.1     2.8       -0.7
 Rocky Mount, NC                                 6.4    14.4    13.2   10.4     8.0       -4.1


IHS Global Insight                                                                          90
                         Table 10: Change in Metro Area Unemployment Rates
                                      (End of Year Value, Percent)
                                                                               Change (level)
                                                                               2007-      2009-
 Metropolitan Statistical Area                   2007   2009    2011    2013    2009       2013
 Rochester, NY                                    4.9     9.1     8.6    7.2     4.1       -1.8
 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA             4.6     9.3     7.4    6.4     4.7       -2.9
 Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA          5.8    13.1    10.5    8.8     7.3       -4.4
 Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA                       6.2    13.5    10.0    8.6     7.3       -4.9
 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA                4.9    10.8     8.8    7.3     5.9       -3.5
 Santa Fe, NM                                     2.9     6.9     6.2    5.0     4.0       -1.9
 Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI               7.4    14.5    11.9   10.0     7.2       -4.6
 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA               5.1    12.5     9.7    8.1     7.5       -4.4
 Salem, OR                                        5.2    11.6    10.4    7.9     6.4       -3.7
 Salinas, CA                                      7.5    14.7    11.0    9.6     7.3       -5.1
 Salisbury, MD                                    4.2     9.1     6.8    5.2     4.8       -3.9
 Salt Lake City, UT                               2.9     6.9     6.7    5.6     4.0       -1.3
 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA                  4.6     9.7     7.8    6.8     5.1       -2.9
 Sandusky, OH                                     6.3    12.3    12.0   10.2     6.0       -2.1
 San Angelo, TX                                   3.8     7.0     6.3    5.3     3.2       -1.7
 San Antonio, TX                                  4.1     7.5     7.1    6.2     3.4       -1.3
 Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL                    5.1    12.8    10.7    8.1     7.7       -4.7
 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA                          4.7    10.9     8.1    6.5     6.2       -4.4
 Savannah, GA                                     4.2     8.4     8.5    7.0     4.3       -1.4
 Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA                       5.1    10.1     8.5    7.1     5.0       -3.0
 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA                      4.0     9.7     7.4    6.3     5.7       -3.4
 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA                4.7    11.1     8.8    7.3     6.4       -3.8
 Sheboygan, WI                                    4.1     9.5     8.8    7.7     5.3       -1.8
 Sherman-Denison, TX                              4.9     9.1     8.1    6.8     4.2       -2.4
 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA                      3.9     7.0     8.7    7.5     3.0        0.5
 Sioux City, IA-NE-SD                             3.7     6.1     5.7    5.0     2.4       -1.1
 Sioux Falls, SD                                  2.4     5.4     4.3    3.7     3.0       -1.6
 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI                      5.0    11.5    10.4    9.1     6.5       -2.3
 Spartanburg, SC                                  5.4    12.4    12.1    9.9     6.9       -2.4
 Springfield, IL                                  5.0     9.1     8.2    7.0     4.1       -2.0
 Springfield, MA                                  4.8     9.7     8.9    7.4     4.9       -2.3
 Springfield, MO                                  4.4     8.0     7.6    6.6     3.7       -1.5
 Springfield, OH                                  6.8    10.9    10.4    8.8     4.1       -2.0
 Spokane, WA                                      4.9     9.7     7.7    6.8     4.8       -2.9
 State College, PA                                3.6     6.3     5.2    4.4     2.7       -1.8
 St. Cloud, MN                                    4.8     8.7     8.5    7.5     3.8       -1.1
 St. George, UT                                   3.1     8.9     8.3    7.2     5.8       -1.8
 St. Joseph, MO-KS                                4.6     8.5     7.6    6.5     3.9       -1.9
 St. Louis, MO-IL                                 5.6    10.8     9.9    8.4     5.2       -2.5
 Stockton, CA                                     8.8    17.8    14.7   12.4     9.1       -5.4
 Sumter, SC                                       7.2    13.7    13.7   11.3     6.5       -2.4
 Syracuse, NY                                     4.7     9.4     8.7    7.2     4.8       -2.2
 Tallahassee, FL                                  3.5     7.8     7.3    5.8     4.3       -2.0
 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL              4.8    12.5    10.3    7.8     7.7       -4.7
 Terre Haute, IN                                  5.4    11.1     9.9    8.9     5.7       -2.3
 Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR                      4.5     7.4     6.8    5.8     2.9       -1.5
 Toledo, OH                                       6.8    13.6    13.0   10.9     6.8       -2.7


IHS Global Insight                                                                           91
                        Table 10: Change in Metro Area Unemployment Rates
                                     (End of Year Value, Percent)
                                                                              Change (level)
                                                                              2007-      2009-
 Metropolitan Statistical Area                  2007   2009    2011    2013    2009       2013
 Topeka, KS                                      4.5     6.3     6.3    5.5     1.8       -0.8
 Trenton-Ewing, NJ                               4.0     7.9     6.6    5.4     3.9       -2.5
 Tucson, AZ                                      4.0     8.6     8.7    7.5     4.6       -1.1
 Tulsa, OK                                       3.7     8.1     8.4    6.5     4.3       -1.6
 Tuscaloosa, AL                                  3.4    10.5     9.5    7.4     7.1       -3.1
 Tyler, TX                                       4.3     8.4     7.5    6.3     4.1       -2.1
 Utica-Rome, NY                                  4.7     8.6     6.3    5.6     3.8       -2.9
 Valdosta, GA                                    4.2     8.7     8.6    7.2     4.4       -1.5
 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA                           5.7    12.6     9.4    8.0     6.9       -4.6
 Vero Beach, FL                                  6.3    14.5    13.1   10.3     8.2       -4.1
 Victoria, TX                                    3.8     8.4     6.8    5.5     4.6       -2.8
 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ                6.2    14.5    12.9    9.6     8.4       -5.0
 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC      3.4     6.8     6.4    5.2     3.4       -1.6
 Visalia-Porterville, CA                         9.6    17.5    14.1   12.5     7.9       -5.0
 Waco, TX                                        4.4     7.5     6.7    5.7     3.1       -1.7
 Warner Robins, GA                               4.3     7.4     7.8    6.6     3.2       -0.8
 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV    3.1     6.4     5.3    4.3     3.4       -2.1
 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA                        3.8     9.1     6.2    5.1     5.3       -4.0
 Wausau, WI                                      4.1     9.7     8.3    7.3     5.6       -2.4
 Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH                     5.9    13.6    11.7    9.8     7.7       -3.7
 Wenatchee, WA                                   4.9     8.8     6.9    5.9     3.9       -2.9
 Wheeling, WV-OH                                 5.1     9.8     9.1    7.8     4.8       -2.0
 Wichita, KS                                     3.9     9.3     8.2    6.7     5.5       -2.7
 Wichita Falls, TX                               4.2     8.3     7.5    6.3     4.0       -2.0
 Williamsport, PA                                5.0    10.7     7.9    6.5     5.6       -4.2
 Wilmington, NC                                  4.3    10.6     9.8    8.1     6.3       -2.5
 Winchester, VA-WV                               3.3     7.9     6.6    5.5     4.6       -2.4
 Winston-Salem, NC                               4.6    10.7     9.2    7.2     6.1       -3.5
 Worcester, MA                                   4.8    10.2     9.1    7.5     5.4       -2.7
 Yakima, WA                                      6.2     9.8     8.0    7.2     3.6       -2.7
 York-Hanover, PA                                4.0     9.4     6.9    5.6     5.5       -3.8
 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA               6.3    14.8    13.5   10.7     8.5       -4.1
 Yuba City, CA                                  10.4    20.2    15.6   13.8     9.9       -6.4
 Yuma, AZ                                       13.8    22.8    25.6   21.8     9.0       -1.0




IHS Global Insight                                                                          92
                                  Table 11: Return to Peak Employment
                            (Employment Peak Before the Late 2000s Recession)
                                                    Pre-Recession Job Losses      Decline   Return to
                                                              Peak     (thous.)       (%)         Peak
 ALL METRO AREAS:                                          2007Q4       -5762.0      -4.9     2012Q3
 Abilene, TX                                               2008Q2          -1.8      -2.6     2012Q2
 Akron, OH                                                 2008Q1         -21.2      -6.2     2018Q2
 Albuquerque, NM                                           2007Q4         -15.9      -4.0     2012Q1
 Alexandria, LA                                            2008Q1          -0.8      -1.1     2011Q3
 Albany, GA                                                2006Q2          -3.4      -5.3     2013Q3
 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ                         2007Q4         -17.3      -5.0     2012Q3
 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY                               2008Q2         -15.5      -3.4     2012Q3
 Altoona, PA                                               2007Q2          -3.3      -5.3     2013Q3
 Amarillo, TX                                              2008Q3          -2.8      -2.4     2011Q3
 Ames, IA                                                  2009Q1          -1.2      -2.6     2012Q4
 Anchorage, AK                                             2009Q1          -2.2      -1.3     2010Q4
 Anderson, IN                                              2005Q1          -4.4      -9.8   After 2039
 Ann Arbor, MI                                             2005Q2         -18.2      -8.9     2016Q4
 Anniston-Oxford, AL                                       2007Q1          -2.7      -5.0     2013Q2
 Anderson, SC                                              2007Q4          -4.0      -6.1     2013Q2
 Appleton, WI                                              2007Q4          -4.9      -4.1     2012Q4
 Asheville, NC                                             2008Q1         -12.0      -6.7     2013Q4
 Atlantic City, NJ                                         2006Q3         -13.9      -9.0     2025Q2
 Athens-Clarke County, GA                                  2008Q1          -2.1      -2.4     2011Q3
 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA                        2007Q3        -207.9      -8.4     2013Q1
 Auburn-Opelika, AL                                        2007Q3          -2.7      -4.9     2012Q3
 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC                            2007Q2          -8.0      -3.7     2012Q2
 Austin-Round Rock, TX                                     2008Q4          -6.2      -0.8     2010Q2
 Bakersfield, CA                                           2007Q4          -9.5      -4.0     2012Q1
 Baltimore-Towson, MD                                      2008Q1         -44.2      -3.3     2012Q2
 Bangor, ME                                                2007Q4          -2.1      -2.9     2012Q3
 Barnstable Town, MA                                       2006Q1          -7.9      -8.2     2017Q4
 Baton Rouge, LA                                           2007Q4         -11.1      -2.9     2012Q2
 Battle Creek, MI                                          2005Q1          -6.1     -10.0     2024Q1
 Bay City, MI                                              2005Q1          -3.9      -9.8     2022Q3
 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX                                  2008Q3          -8.6      -5.2     2013Q2
 Bellingham, WA                                            2008Q3          -5.4      -6.3     2012Q4
 Bend, OR                                                  2007Q1          -6.2      -8.6     2013Q4
 Billings, MT                                              2008Q1          -3.8      -4.6     2012Q2
 Binghamton, NY                                            2008Q3          -5.2      -4.5     2014Q4
 Birmingham-Hoover, AL                                     2007Q1         -30.1      -5.7     2013Q1
 Bismarck, ND                                              2008Q4          -0.6      -0.9     2011Q2
 Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA                     2008Q4          -1.7      -2.4     2012Q1
 Bloomington-Normal, IL                                    2008Q3          -1.3      -1.4     2011Q2
 Bloomington, IN                                           2008Q3          -3.6      -4.3     2013Q4
 Boise City-Nampa, ID                                      2007Q1         -28.9     -10.4     2013Q1
 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH                            2008Q2         -87.8      -3.5     2012Q3
 Boulder, CO                                               2008Q2         -10.6      -6.3     2013Q2
 Bowling Green, KY                                         2007Q4          -5.0      -7.9     2014Q1
 Bremerton-Silverdale, WA                                  2006Q2          -5.9      -6.8     2014Q4
 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT                           2007Q3         -28.4      -6.5     2020Q1
 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX                                 2008Q1          -3.9      -3.1     2011Q3


IHS Global Insight                                                                                   93
                               Table 11: Return to Peak Employment
                         (Employment Peak Before the Late 2000s Recession)
                                                 Pre-Recession Job Losses      Decline   Return to
                                                           Peak     (thous.)       (%)       Peak
 Brunswick, GA                                         2007Q4           -1.8      -3.9     2012Q2
 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY                             2008Q3          -20.1      -3.6     2012Q4
 Burlington, NC                                        2007Q3           -4.4      -7.2     2014Q1
 Burlington-South Burlington, VT                       2008Q1           -5.2      -4.4     2013Q1
 Canton-Massillon, OH                                  2005Q1          -12.9      -7.3     2021Q3
 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL                             2006Q4          -41.4     -17.5     2018Q3
 Carson City, NV                                       2007Q1           -4.6     -13.8     2021Q4
 Casper, WY                                            2008Q3           -2.2      -5.3     2013Q3
 Cedar Rapids, IA                                      2008Q3           -3.6      -2.6     2012Q1
 Champaign-Urbana, IL                                  2009Q1           -4.5      -3.8     2013Q2
 Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC                     2008Q1          -68.4      -7.9     2012Q4
 Chattanooga, TN-GA                                    2008Q1          -11.9      -4.8     2012Q3
 Cheyenne, WY                                          2008Q4           -1.5      -3.4     2012Q4
 Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI                   2007Q4         -270.9      -5.9     2013Q4
 Chico, CA                                             2007Q1           -5.4      -7.0     2013Q2
 Charleston-North Charleston, SC                       2008Q2          -11.2      -3.7     2011Q4
 Charlottesville, VA                                   2007Q4           -3.6      -3.5     2012Q2
 Charleston, WV                                        2008Q4           -4.2      -2.8     2012Q1
 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN                       2007Q4          -62.6      -6.0     2014Q2
 Clarksville, TN-KY                                    2007Q1           -4.8      -5.7     2012Q4
 Cleveland, TN                                         2006Q2           -3.7      -8.6     2014Q1
 Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH                           2006Q2          -83.7      -7.8     2024Q2
 Coeur d'Alene, ID                                     2007Q3           -3.3      -5.8     2012Q3
 Columbus, IN                                          2008Q4           -1.7      -3.6     2013Q1
 College Station-Bryan, TX                             2008Q4           -4.2      -4.4     2012Q4
 Colorado Springs, CO                                  2007Q4          -16.0      -6.1     2013Q1
 Columbus, GA-AL                                       2006Q2           -5.6      -4.6     2012Q2
 Columbia, MO                                          2009Q1           -1.4      -1.5     2011Q2
 Columbus, OH                                          2007Q4          -26.0      -2.8     2012Q1
 Corpus Christi, TX                                    2008Q3           -6.6      -3.6     2012Q2
 Corvallis, OR                                         2008Q2           -2.4      -6.1     2013Q4
 Columbia, SC                                          2008Q3           -7.9      -2.1     2011Q3
 Cumberland, MD-WV                                     2009Q1           -1.0      -2.5     2012Q2
 Danville, IL                                          2005Q3           -2.6      -8.1     2024Q2
 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX                       2008Q2          -79.6      -2.7     2011Q2
 Dalton, GA                                            2006Q2          -13.3     -16.7     2020Q1
 Danville, VA                                          2005Q4           -4.6     -10.6     2031Q3
 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL                   2008Q1           -6.8      -3.6     2012Q3
 Dayton, OH                                            2005Q1          -33.1      -8.1     2025Q2
 Decatur, AL                                           2007Q4           -4.7      -7.9     2013Q2
 Decatur, IL                                           2008Q1           -3.2      -5.9   After 2039
 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL                2006Q2          -17.1      -9.7     2016Q2
 Denver-Aurora, CO                                     2008Q1          -66.8      -5.3     2012Q2
 Des Moines, IA                                        2008Q1           -9.8      -3.0     2012Q2
 Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI                            2005Q2         -339.4     -16.6   After 2039
 Dothan, AL                                            2007Q2           -3.7      -5.8     2013Q2
 Dover, DE                                             2007Q2           -4.9      -7.3     2014Q3



IHS Global Insight                                                                                94
                                  Table 11: Return to Peak Employment
                            (Employment Peak Before the Late 2000s Recession)
                                                    Pre-Recession Job Losses      Decline   Return to
                                                              Peak     (thous.)       (%)       Peak
 Dubuque, IA                                              2008Q4           -2.6      -4.6     2012Q3
 Duluth, MN-WI                                            2007Q4           -7.6      -5.7     2016Q3
 Durham, NC                                               2008Q4          -10.9      -3.7     2011Q4
 Eau Claire, WI                                           2007Q3           -4.2      -5.0     2013Q2
 El Centro, CA                                            2008Q3           -2.1      -4.4     2012Q3
 Elizabethtown, KY                                        2008Q1           -2.3      -4.7     2012Q4
 Elkhart-Goshen, IN                                       2006Q1          -27.4     -20.5   After 2039
 Elmira, NY                                               2008Q3           -2.2      -5.3     2014Q3
 El Paso, TX                                              2008Q1           -6.6      -2.4     2010Q4
 Erie, PA                                                 2005Q3           -6.5      -4.9     2013Q1
 Eugene-Springfield, OR                                   2007Q4          -10.6      -6.8     2013Q4
 Evansville, IN-KY                                        2005Q4          -10.3      -5.7     2015Q3
 Fairbanks, AK                                            2008Q2           -0.5      -1.3     2012Q1
 Fayetteville, NC                                         2008Q3           -3.9      -3.0     2012Q2
 Fargo, ND-MN                                             2009Q2           -2.2      -1.8     2011Q2
 Farmington, NM                                           2008Q4           -3.2      -6.1     2013Q2
 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO                    2007Q4           -5.4      -2.6     2011Q2
 Flagstaff, AZ                                            2007Q4           -6.9     -10.5     2018Q1
 Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL                               2007Q1           -2.9      -5.1     2013Q2
 Flint, MI                                                2005Q2          -33.3     -21.3   After 2039
 Florence, SC                                             2007Q4           -2.1      -2.3     2011Q4
 Fond du Lac, WI                                          2007Q4           -3.6      -7.4     2016Q1
 Fresno, CA                                               2007Q3          -16.9      -5.5     2012Q3
 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO                                2008Q3           -4.8      -3.5     2012Q1
 Fort Smith, AR-OK                                        2007Q4           -3.0      -2.4     2011Q3
 Fort Wayne, IN                                           2007Q1          -14.3      -6.5     2018Q3
 Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL                   2006Q3           -8.7     -10.0     2018Q2
 Gadsden, AL                                              2005Q3           -1.6      -4.2     2012Q2
 Gainesville, FL                                          2007Q4           -5.7      -4.2     2013Q4
 Gainesville, GA                                          2008Q1           -5.6      -7.1     2012Q3
 Glens Falls, NY                                          2008Q3           -2.4      -4.4     2013Q1
 Goldsboro, NC                                            2008Q1           -2.5      -5.4     2014Q3
 Green Bay, WI                                            2007Q4           -6.9      -4.1     2012Q3
 Greeley, CO                                              2008Q2           -5.9      -7.1     2013Q1
 Greensboro-High Point, NC                                2006Q4          -30.6      -8.2     2013Q4
 Great Falls, MT                                          2008Q3           -2.6      -7.3     2020Q2
 Grand Forks, ND-MN                                       2008Q1           -0.7      -1.2     2010Q4
 Grand Junction, CO                                       2009Q1           -5.3      -8.0     2013Q4
 Greenville, NC                                           2007Q4           -4.1      -5.2     2013Q1
 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI                                 2005Q3          -34.0      -8.7     2015Q3
 Greenville, SC                                           2008Q2          -14.4      -4.5     2012Q2
 Gulfport-Biloxi, MS                                      2007Q4           -4.1      -3.7     2012Q1
 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV                            2007Q4           -6.3      -6.1     2013Q4
 Hanford-Corcoran, CA                                     2008Q2           -2.3      -6.2     2013Q2
 Harrisonburg, VA                                         2006Q4           -3.0      -4.6     2012Q4
 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA                                  2008Q2          -13.1      -3.9     2012Q4
 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT                 2008Q2          -34.2      -5.3     2018Q3



IHS Global Insight                                                                                   95
                               Table 11: Return to Peak Employment
                         (Employment Peak Before the Late 2000s Recession)
                                                 Pre-Recession Job Losses      Decline   Return to
                                                           Peak     (thous.)       (%)       Peak
 Hattiesburg, MS                                       2007Q3           -2.9      -4.7     2012Q3
 Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC                          2006Q2          -17.8     -10.9     2020Q3
 Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA                           2008Q3           -0.7      -3.5     2011Q3
 Holland-Grand Haven, MI                               2005Q3          -15.8     -13.5     2032Q2
 Honolulu, HI                                          2007Q4          -17.6      -3.9     2013Q1
 Hot Springs, AR                                       2009Q2           -0.1      -0.2     2010Q2
 Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA                        2009Q1           -3.3      -3.4     2012Q3
 Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX                        2008Q3          -90.3      -3.5     2011Q3
 Huntsville, AL                                        2008Q2           -6.7      -3.1     2011Q2
 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH                          2007Q4           -5.4      -4.5     2013Q2
 Idaho Falls, ID                                       2007Q4           -3.3      -6.5     2013Q2
 Indianapolis, IN                                      2007Q4          -50.6      -5.5     2012Q3
 Iowa City, IA                                         2008Q2           -1.6      -1.8     2009Q4
 Ithaca, NY                                            2008Q3           -0.9      -1.4     2011Q2
 Jackson, MI                                           2005Q3           -8.1     -13.2   After 2039
 Jackson, MS                                           2007Q4           -7.1      -2.7     2011Q4
 Janesville, WI                                        2006Q4           -6.4      -9.1     2018Q3
 Jackson, TN                                           2008Q2           -3.7      -5.9     2013Q1
 Jefferson City, MO                                    2008Q3           -2.7      -3.4     2012Q4
 Johnson City, TN                                      2007Q4           -3.1      -3.8     2012Q3
 Johnstown, PA                                         2008Q1           -2.8      -4.4     2013Q3
 Jonesboro, AR                                         2009Q1           -0.2      -0.4     2010Q2
 Joplin, MO                                            2008Q3           -1.0      -1.3     2010Q4
 Jacksonville, FL                                      2007Q2          -49.9      -7.9     2013Q1
 Jacksonville, NC                                      2008Q4           -2.6      -5.4     2013Q3
 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI                                 2007Q1          -10.0      -6.8     2018Q4
 Kankakee-Bradley, IL                                  2008Q1           -2.4      -5.3     2013Q3
 Kansas City, MO-KS                                    2008Q3          -30.5      -3.0     2011Q4
 Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA                          2008Q3           -0.8      -0.8     2009Q2
 Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX                          2008Q4           -2.3      -1.8     2011Q2
 Kingston, NY                                          2008Q2           -6.8      -5.5     2012Q4
 Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA                      2006Q4           -2.1      -3.2     2012Q3
 Knoxville, TN                                         2007Q4          -17.2      -5.1     2012Q2
 Kokomo, IN                                            2005Q1           -9.3     -19.4   After 2039
 Lake Charles, LA                                      2008Q2           -2.4      -2.5     2012Q2
 La Crosse, WI-MN                                      2008Q1           -3.5      -4.6     2013Q2
 Lafayette, LA                                         2008Q2           -3.4      -2.2     2011Q4
 Lake Havasu, AZ                                       2006Q2           -9.9     -17.8     2020Q3
 Lafayette, IN                                         2008Q3           -2.5      -2.6     2012Q2
 Lakeland, FL                                          2007Q2          -17.5      -8.2     2015Q2
 Lancaster, PA                                         2007Q4          -13.3      -5.6     2013Q1
 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA                  2007Q3         -361.9      -6.4     2013Q4
 Lansing-East Lansing, MI                              2006Q1          -15.7      -6.9     2021Q3
 Laredo, TX                                            2009Q1           -0.9      -1.0     2010Q2
 Las Cruces, NM                                        2008Q2           -2.4      -3.4     2011Q4
 Las Vegas-Paradise, NV                                2007Q4          -96.5     -10.4     2013Q3
 Lawrence, KS                                          2006Q4           -5.0      -9.5     2017Q4



IHS Global Insight                                                                                96
                                Table 11: Return to Peak Employment
                          (Employment Peak Before the Late 2000s Recession)
                                                  Pre-Recession Job Losses      Decline   Return to
                                                            Peak     (thous.)       (%)       Peak
 Lawton, OK                                             2008Q3           -0.8      -1.9     2012Q2
 Lebanon, PA                                            2007Q4           -1.6      -3.1     2012Q2
 Lewiston, ID-WA                                        2008Q1           -3.4      -6.6     2015Q2
 Lewiston-Auburn, ME                                    2008Q3           -1.7      -5.8     2013Q1
 Lexington-Fayette, KY                                  2007Q2          -12.4      -4.8     2012Q4
 Lima, OH                                               2005Q3           -6.1     -10.5     2027Q1
 Lincoln, NE                                            2008Q1           -4.7      -2.7     2012Q1
 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR                      2008Q1           -7.5      -2.1     2011Q2
 Logan, UT-ID                                           2007Q2           -5.0      -8.8     2013Q4
 Longview, TX                                           2008Q4           -3.1      -3.1     2011Q4
 Louisville, KY-IN                                      2007Q2          -30.0      -4.8     2012Q4
 Longview, WA                                           2007Q3           -3.6      -9.3     2018Q1
 Lubbock, TX                                            2008Q3           -3.3      -2.5     2012Q1
 Lynchburg, VA                                          2008Q3           -0.8      -0.7     2009Q3
 Macon, GA                                              2008Q2           -6.1      -6.0     2013Q2
 Madera, CA                                             2007Q4           -1.8      -5.1     2012Q2
 Madison, WI                                            2005Q4          -13.5      -3.8     2013Q1
 Manchester-Nashua, NH                                  2008Q1           -7.6      -3.7     2012Q2
 Mansfield, OH                                          2006Q1           -5.2      -8.8     2032Q2
 McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX                             2008Q2           -0.7      -0.3     2009Q2
 Medford, OR                                            2007Q2           -7.8      -9.2     2014Q3
 Memphis, TN-MS-AR                                      2007Q2          -31.3      -4.9     2012Q3
 Merced, CA                                             2007Q1           -3.8      -6.5     2012Q2
 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL                  2007Q2         -170.3      -7.0     2013Q2
 Michigan City-La Porte, IN                             2006Q1           -2.7      -5.8   After 2039
 Midland, TX                                            2008Q4           -2.3      -3.2     2012Q1
 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI                      2007Q3          -64.1      -7.5     2019Q2
 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI                2007Q1          -89.2      -5.0     2013Q2
 Missoula, MT                                           2007Q4           -4.7      -8.1     2014Q1
 Mobile, AL                                             2008Q2           -4.5      -2.4     2011Q1
 Modesto, CA                                            2007Q1          -11.7      -7.3     2013Q3
 Monroe, LA                                             2007Q3           -2.3      -2.9     2012Q2
 Monroe, MI                                             2006Q1           -7.1     -15.9     2027Q4
 Montgomery, AL                                         2008Q1           -7.5      -4.2     2012Q3
 Morgantown, WV                                         2008Q4           -1.1      -1.7     2009Q4
 Morristown, TN                                         2006Q1           -4.5      -8.8     2013Q4
 Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA                             2008Q1           -2.9      -6.0     2013Q1
 Muncie, IN                                             2006Q2           -5.7     -10.6   After 2039
 Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI                             2005Q1           -6.6      -9.8     2021Q4
 Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC             2008Q3          -10.0      -8.0     2012Q3
 Napa, CA                                               2008Q1           -6.0      -9.1     2013Q2
 Naples-Marco Island, FL                                2006Q3          -23.3     -17.1     2017Q2
 Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro, TN                   2007Q4          -49.4      -6.4     2012Q3
 New Haven-Milford, CT                                  2008Q1          -20.2      -5.3     2015Q3
 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA                        2008Q4          -12.6      -2.4     2011Q4
 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI                                2007Q3           -6.3      -9.5   After 2039
 Norwich-New London, CT                                 2008Q2           -7.9      -5.8     2019Q2



IHS Global Insight                                                                                 97
                               Table 11: Return to Peak Employment
                         (Employment Peak Before the Late 2000s Recession)
                                                 Pre-Recession Job Losses      Decline   Return to
                                                           Peak     (thous.)       (%)       Peak
 New York-NNJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA                    2008Q1         -280.9      -3.2     2012Q2
 Ocala, FL                                             2007Q1          -10.9     -10.2     2014Q4
 Ocean City, NJ                                        2006Q1           -3.8      -8.6     2009Q4
 Odessa, TX                                            2008Q4           -2.0      -3.1     2012Q2
 Ogden-Clearfield, UT                                  2007Q4          -12.7      -6.2     2013Q1
 Oklahoma City, OK                                     2008Q4          -18.6      -3.2     2011Q4
 Olympia, WA                                           2008Q3           -2.9      -2.8     2011Q4
 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA                           2008Q4          -10.7      -2.3     2011Q4
 Orlando, FL                                           2007Q4          -89.2      -8.1     2012Q3
 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI                                    2008Q1           -2.5      -2.7     2012Q3
 Owensboro, KY                                         2007Q4           -2.1      -4.0     2012Q4
 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA                      2006Q3          -25.6      -8.6     2014Q1
 Palm Coast, FL                                        2005Q4           -2.7     -13.1     2015Q2
 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL                     2006Q2          -22.8     -10.4     2016Q4
 Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL                            2007Q3           -5.1      -6.7     2015Q2
 Parkersburg-Marietta, WV-OH                           2005Q1           -2.1      -2.9     2012Q3
 Pascagoula, MS                                        2008Q2           -4.2      -6.8     2013Q1
 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL                        2007Q1          -15.5      -8.9     2018Q3
 Peoria, IL                                            2008Q4           -7.7      -4.1     2012Q4
 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD           2008Q1         -115.6      -4.1     2012Q3
 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ                           2007Q3         -225.9     -11.8     2014Q3
 Pine Bluff, AR                                        2006Q1           -5.3     -12.4   After 2039
 Pittsfield, MA                                        2006Q2           -3.1      -4.8     2021Q1
 Pittsburgh, PA                                        2008Q3          -41.0      -3.6     2012Q3
 Pocatello, ID                                         2007Q2           -4.5     -11.1     2016Q3
 Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME                 2008Q1          -12.2      -4.5     2013Q2
 Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA                   2008Q1          -70.2      -6.7     2013Q1
 Port St. Lucie-Fort Pierce, FL                        2007Q1          -15.1     -11.1     2015Q2
 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY                  2007Q4           -7.4      -2.9     2011Q4
 Prescott, AZ                                          2007Q1           -9.4     -14.4     2018Q1
 Provo-Orem, UT                                        2007Q3          -12.1      -6.3     2012Q3
 Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA              2006Q4          -55.3      -7.7     2017Q1
 Pueblo, CO                                            2008Q1           -1.9      -3.2     2012Q2
 Punta Gorda, FL                                       2007Q1           -4.8     -10.5     2015Q3
 Racine, WI                                            2006Q3           -5.0      -6.2     2014Q2
 Raleigh-Cary, NC                                      2008Q1          -20.9      -4.0     2011Q3
 Rapid City, SD                                        2008Q4           -1.8      -2.9     2011Q3
 Reading, PA                                           2007Q3           -8.3      -4.8     2012Q3
 Redding, CA                                           2006Q3           -8.4     -12.8     2016Q2
 Reno-Sparks, NV                                       2007Q1          -34.0     -15.1     2018Q4
 Richmond, VA                                          2008Q1          -28.5      -4.5     2012Q2
 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA                  2006Q3         -141.0     -11.1     2014Q2
 Roanoke, VA                                           2007Q2           -5.0      -3.1     2012Q1
 Rockford, IL                                          2007Q2           -9.3      -5.7     2013Q1
 Rome, GA                                              2005Q3           -4.3      -9.9     2018Q4
 Rochester, MN                                         2007Q2           -2.3      -2.1     2011Q3
 Rocky Mount, NC                                       2007Q1           -5.3      -8.1     2017Q3



IHS Global Insight                                                                                98
                                Table 11: Return to Peak Employment
                          (Employment Peak Before the Late 2000s Recession)
                                                  Pre-Recession Job Losses      Decline   Return to
                                                            Peak     (thous.)       (%)       Peak
 Rochester, NY                                          2008Q3          -11.0      -2.1     2011Q3
 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA                   2007Q4           -7.5      -4.3     2012Q3
 Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA                2007Q3          -77.9      -8.6     2013Q4
 Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA                             2007Q2           -8.6      -9.0     2014Q3
 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA                      2007Q3          -76.9      -5.9     2012Q4
 Santa Fe, NM                                           2007Q1           -3.7      -5.7     2013Q2
 Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI                     2005Q3          -11.1     -12.1   After 2039
 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA                     2008Q1          -54.0      -5.9     2012Q3
 Salem, OR                                              2008Q1          -10.4      -6.8     2013Q2
 Salinas, CA                                            2007Q4           -8.1      -6.3     2013Q1
 Salisbury, MD                                          2007Q1           -3.1      -5.5     2013Q1
 Salt Lake City, UT                                     2008Q1          -30.6      -4.7     2012Q3
 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA                        2007Q2           -5.5      -5.2     2012Q2
 Sandusky, OH                                           2005Q2           -1.4      -3.6     2009Q3
 San Angelo, TX                                         2007Q4           -1.4      -3.1     2012Q4
 San Antonio, TX                                        2008Q3          -10.2      -1.2     2010Q3
 Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL                          2006Q3          -46.1     -15.8     2016Q1
 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA                                2007Q2          -17.4      -9.1     2013Q4
 Savannah, GA                                           2007Q3           -8.9      -5.5     2012Q3
 Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA                             2007Q2          -11.9      -4.5     2013Q2
 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA                            2008Q3          -82.2      -4.7     2012Q2
 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA                      2007Q4         -131.6      -6.4     2012Q4
 Sheboygan, WI                                          2007Q3           -4.1      -6.3     2014Q4
 Sherman-Denison, TX                                    2006Q1           -1.5      -3.3     2012Q1
 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA                            2007Q4           -5.7      -3.2     2012Q4
 Sioux City, IA-NE-SD                                   2008Q3           -3.0      -4.0     2013Q1
 Sioux Falls, SD                                        2008Q3           -2.6      -1.9     2011Q2
 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI                            2005Q1           -9.9      -6.8   After 2039
 Spartanburg, SC                                        2008Q1           -6.4      -4.9     2012Q3
 Springfield, IL                                        2008Q3           -3.4      -3.0     2012Q4
 Springfield, MA                                        2008Q1          -12.5      -4.3     2014Q4
 Springfield, MO                                        2007Q4           -5.1      -2.5     2011Q3
 Springfield, OH                                        2006Q2           -2.3      -4.3     2013Q1
 Spokane, WA                                            2008Q1           -9.2      -4.2     2012Q1
 State College, PA                                      2008Q3           -1.6      -2.2     2011Q4
 St. Cloud, MN                                          2007Q3           -4.6      -4.4     2012Q3
 St. George, UT                                         2007Q4           -6.7     -12.2     2014Q1
 St. Joseph, MO-KS                                      2008Q2           -1.5      -2.6     2009Q4
 St. Louis, MO-IL                                       2008Q1          -59.7      -4.4     2012Q4
 Stockton, CA                                           2007Q3          -13.2      -6.2     2013Q1
 Sumter, SC                                             2005Q1           -6.2     -15.2     2025Q3
 Syracuse, NY                                           2008Q3           -7.3      -2.2     2011Q4
 Tallahassee, FL                                        2007Q4           -9.6      -5.4     2015Q1
 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL                    2006Q3         -122.0      -9.6     2013Q3
 Terre Haute, IN                                        2006Q4          -11.4     -15.3   After 2039
 Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR                            2008Q4           -1.3      -2.3     2012Q1
 Toledo, OH                                             2006Q1          -38.1     -11.3     2034Q1



IHS Global Insight                                                                                 99
                               Table 11: Return to Peak Employment
                         (Employment Peak Before the Late 2000s Recession)
                                                 Pre-Recession Job Losses      Decline   Return to
                                                           Peak     (thous.)       (%)       Peak
 Topeka, KS                                            2008Q4           -2.6      -2.3     2012Q2
 Trenton-Ewing, NJ                                     2008Q2          -11.1      -4.5     2013Q3
 Tucson, AZ                                            2007Q1          -29.0      -7.5     2014Q2
 Tulsa, OK                                             2008Q4          -12.7      -2.9     2011Q2
 Tuscaloosa, AL                                        2008Q3           -3.5      -3.5     2012Q1
 Tyler, TX                                             2008Q3           -2.0      -2.1     2011Q2
 Utica-Rome, NY                                        2008Q1           -3.9      -2.9     2012Q4
 Valdosta, GA                                          2008Q3           -2.8      -4.9     2012Q3
 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA                                 2006Q1          -14.7     -11.3     2014Q2
 Vero Beach, FL                                        2007Q2           -6.6     -13.2     2017Q4
 Victoria, TX                                          2008Q4           -2.4      -4.6     2013Q1
 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ                      2005Q3           -2.8      -4.4     2014Q1
 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC            2007Q3          -18.2      -2.3     2011Q3
 Visalia-Porterville, CA                               2007Q4           -6.8      -5.9     2012Q3
 Waco, TX                                              2008Q4           -2.2      -2.0     2011Q2
 Warner Robins, GA                                     2008Q3           -2.1      -3.6     2012Q1
 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV          2008Q3          -36.9      -1.2     2010Q4
 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA                              2008Q3           -3.2      -3.6     2012Q3
 Wausau, WI                                            2005Q4           -4.5      -6.1     2014Q1
 Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH                           2008Q3           -3.1      -6.3     2021Q4
 Wenatchee, WA                                         2007Q4           -3.2      -7.8     2014Q2
 Wheeling, WV-OH                                       2005Q3           -1.4      -2.1     2012Q1
 Wichita, KS                                           2008Q4          -15.0      -4.8     2012Q2
 Wichita Falls, TX                                     2006Q3           -3.0      -4.9     2015Q2
 Williamsport, PA                                      2008Q3           -2.7      -4.9     2013Q2
 Wilmington, NC                                        2008Q1           -8.3      -5.6     2012Q2
 Winchester, VA-WV                                     2006Q4           -5.0      -8.6     2016Q4
 Winston-Salem, NC                                     2008Q1           -9.7      -4.4     2012Q2
 Worcester, MA                                         2008Q1          -11.6      -3.5     2012Q4
 Yakima, WA                                            2008Q1           -2.5      -3.1     2012Q2
 York-Hanover, PA                                      2008Q2           -8.0      -4.3     2012Q3
 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA                     2005Q3          -27.2     -11.1   After 2039
 Yuba City, CA                                         2007Q1           -4.7     -11.1     2015Q2
 Yuma, AZ                                              2008Q3           -5.6     -10.2     2016Q2




IHS Global Insight                                                                               100
                                             Table 12: FHWA Approved Projects by MSA
                                                                Percent of    GMP Percent of
                                              Approved       State $ Approved     GSP          Approved Per    Unemployment
                                           Projects ($Mill.)        (%)            (%)           Capita $     Rate (November)
Alabama
    Birmingham-Hoover                          109.07           24.42             32.34           96.69            10.1
    Rest of State                              337.51           75.58             67.66           94.46            10.7

Arkansas
    Little Rock-North Little Rock              92.69            34.66             32.01           135.24            6.6
    Memphis                                     6.76            2.53              1.34            127.86           10.0
    Rest of State                              167.95           62.81             66.65            74.62            7.6

Arizona
    Tucson                                     32.10            10.20             12.72            31.22            7.8
    Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale                    93.51            29.73             75.65            21.22            8.2
    Rest of State                              188.96           60.07             11.63           154.47           12.5

California
     San Francisco-Oakland                     172.40           7.80              16.96            39.71           10.5
     Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario          228.06           10.31             6.11             54.66           14.4
     Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville       90.04            4.07              5.12             42.04           12.7
     San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara            63.74            2.88              8.10             34.32           12.0
     Fresno                                    39.06            1.77              1.58             42.18           16.7
     Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura              37.55            1.70              1.91             46.69           10.8
     Stockton                                  30.00            1.36              1.07             44.26           17.2
     Los Angeles                               687.66           31.10             38.71            53.00           11.7
     San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos             162.07           7.33              9.09             53.16           10.4
     Rest of State                             700.66           31.69             11.37           124.68           13.8

Colorado
    Colorado Springs                           38.50            10.92             9.71            60.88             7.3
    Denver-Aurora                              143.88           40.81             61.30           56.07             7.0
    Rest of State                              170.19           48.27             28.99           91.82             6.6

Connecticut
   Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford        23.61            10.95             34.09            19.76            8.2
   Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk                 79.03            36.65             38.64            87.85            7.6
   New Haven-Milford                           86.56            40.13             17.29           102.06            8.9
   Rest of State                               26.47            12.27             9.98             46.37            8.1

District of Columbia
    Washington-Arlington-Alexandria            102.22          100.00            100.00           171.45           11.8

Florida
     Miami                                     326.09           26.29             35.05            59.97           10.9
     Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater           173.83           14.01             15.20            63.14           12.3
     Orlando-Kissimmee                         95.91            7.73              14.08            46.06           11.8
     Jacksonville                              165.00           13.30             8.28            124.12           11.5
     Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice                 29.84            2.41              3.30             43.21           12.7
     Rest of State                             449.75           36.26             24.09            72.87           11.4

Georgia
   Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta              375.62           48.36             68.52           68.21            10.5
   Rest of State                               401.17           51.64             31.48           91.96             9.7

Hawaii
   Honolulu                                    39.03            39.80             75.27            42.88            5.8
   Rest of State                               59.03            60.20             24.73           151.33            9.7




IHS Global Insight                                                                                                        101
Idaho
    Boise City-Nampa                   35.59    20.26   45.92    57.87   10.1
    Rest of State                      140.05   79.74   54.08   149.00    8.5

Illinois
      Chicago                          443.32   51.01   78.40    50.52   11.0
      St. Louis                        57.81    6.65    3.03     82.93   10.9
      Rest of State                    367.94   42.34   18.57   104.72   10.6

Indiana
     Indianapolis-Carmel               108.08   18.23   38.53    62.08    8.6
     Louisville-Jefferson County       13.49    2.28    2.98     54.25    8.5
     Chicago                           52.84    8.91    9.67     74.68   10.1
     Cincinnati-Middletown              9.57    1.61    0.64    119.96    9.8
     Rest of State                     408.81   68.96   48.17   112.15   10.1

Iowa
    Omaha-Council Bluffs               36.70    10.34   3.09    305.55   5.2
    Rest of State                      318.28   89.66   96.91   109.62   6.8

Kansas
   Kansas City                         110.11   39.47   38.29   130.60   6.5
   Wichita                             36.15    12.96   23.77    58.97   8.2
   Rest of State                       132.73   47.58   37.94    96.54   5.3

Kentucky
    Cincinnati-Middletown              42.81    11.07   10.32   101.31   10.8
    Louisville-Jefferson County        68.11    17.61   31.58    67.43   11.0
    Rest of State                      275.93   71.33   58.10    96.01   10.4

Louisiana
    New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner        108.71   31.01   33.92   94.48    6.0
    Rest of State                      241.88   68.99   48.20   73.36    7.0

Massachusets
   Worcester                           28.93    10.49   7.73     36.82    9.4
   Springfield                         31.56    11.45   6.02     45.86    9.0
   Boston-Cambridge                    130.03   47.18   77.19    31.45    8.2
   Providence-New Bedford-Fall River   44.99    16.32   4.87     82.32   11.2
   Rest of State                       40.13    14.56   4.20    106.79   10.4

Maryland
    Philadelphia                        4.88    1.21    1.04     48.41   9.5
    Washington                         119.22   29.56   41.88    53.27   5.6
    Baltimore-Towson                   132.11   32.76   48.85    49.39   8.1
    Rest of State                      147.11   36.48   8.23    228.22   6.7

Michigan
    Grand Rapids-Wyoming               61.79    8.20    9.11    79.30    12.7
    Detroit-Warren                     263.14   34.93   51.94   59.91    16.4
    Rest of State                      428.50   56.87   38.94   89.51    13.5

Minnesota
    Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington   249.52   49.91   73.13    79.43   7.5
    Rest of State                      250.41   50.09   26.87   118.01   7.1

Missouri
    St. Louis                          215.52   34.16   45.35   101.08   10.5
    Kansas City                        135.83   21.53   23.68   114.84   10.3
    Rest of State                      279.56   44.31   30.97   106.13    8.3




IHS Global Insight                                                              102
Mississippi
    Memphis                               23.66    7.06    6.16     99.79   8.0
    Rest of State                         311.60   92.94   93.84   114.46   9.7

North Carolina
    Raleigh-Cary                          58.58    8.45    13.22   51.41     8.7
    Greensboro-High Point                 34.47    4.97    8.06    48.09    11.3
    Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord            69.35    10.00   27.33   45.13    11.4
    Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News    0.65    0.09    0.09    26.53     7.2
    Rest of State                         530.35   76.49   51.30   88.32    10.9

Nebraska
   Omaha-Council Bluffs                   44.69    23.71   49.70    61.30   4.8
   Rest of State                          143.76   76.29   50.30   134.36   4.4

New Hampshire
   Boston-Cambridge-Quincy                40.68    31.43   34.58   96.36    6.9
   Rest of State                          88.76    68.57   65.42   98.60    6.6

New Jersey
   Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton              7.95    1.46    0.70     72.14   10.3
   New York-Northern New Jersey           329.09   60.35   76.74    51.45    9.9
   Philadelphia-Camden                    108.04   19.81   12.51    81.82   10.5
   Rest of State                          100.25   18.38   10.04   112.43    7.3

New Mexico
   Albuquerque                            50.59    21.99   44.32    58.81   8.0
   Rest of State                          179.53   78.01   55.68   156.55   7.7

Nevada
   Las Vegas                              40.47    30.91   75.12    21.21   12.5
   Rest of State                          90.48    69.09   24.88   121.88    4.7

New York
   Buffalo-Niagara Falls                  18.35    1.97    3.88     16.35   8.7
   Rochester                              57.73    6.19    4.16     55.72   8.2
   Albany                                 67.64    7.25    3.44     78.94   7.3
   Poughkeepsie-Newburgh Middletown       47.82    5.13    1.86     70.62   8.1
   Syracuse                               27.79    2.98    2.36     43.17   8.5
   New York-Northern New Jersey           221.58   23.76   75.86    17.52   9.1
   Rest of State                          491.54   52.72   8.44    190.56   7.1

Ohio
    Cincinatti-Middletown                 43.82    6.65    17.53   26.32     9.9
    Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor               90.15    13.68   22.33   43.32     9.6
    Columbus                              99.11    15.04   19.88   55.20     8.9
    Dayton                                32.64    4.96    7.29    39.14    11.9
    Akron                                 34.15    5.18    5.87    48.91    10.7
    Toledo                                26.36    4.00    5.40    40.73    12.5
    Rest of State                         332.56   50.48   21.70   88.09    11.6

Oklahoma
    Oklahoma City                         69.63    16.64   38.71    56.82   6.7
    Tulsa                                 98.35    23.50   31.61   105.85   7.7
    Rest of State                         250.46   59.85   29.67   164.04   6.9

Oregon
    Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton          56.98    23.39   61.23   31.55    10.4
    Rest of State                         186.63   76.61   38.77   91.41    11.7




IHS Global Insight                                                                 103
Pennsylvania
   Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton             45.30    4.46    4.71      64.29   9.7
   New York-Northern New Jersey           15.11    1.49    0.11     248.14   9.4
   Philadelphia                           240.92   23.70   40.52     61.72   8.5
   Pittsburgh                             181.66   17.87   21.12     77.36   8.1
   Rest of State                          533.77   52.50   33.53     97.67   8.6

Rhode Island
   Providence-New Bedford-Fall River      104.67   85.34   100.00   99.74    12.7
   Rest of State                          17.98    14.66

South Carolina
    Columbia                              50.18    12.27   19.75     67.66   10.0
    Charleston-North Charleston           30.25    7.40    17.13     45.82   10.3
    Greenville                            33.20    8.12    16.26     52.02   10.8
    Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord            21.72    5.31    5.50      95.43   14.5
    Rest of State                         273.53   66.90   41.37    119.18   10.7

Tennessee
   Knoxville                              23.44    4.51    11.90     33.34    8.2
   Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro        102.25   19.68   31.84     64.54    8.9
   Memphis                                25.20    4.85    23.14     25.09   10.3
   Rest of State                          368.62   70.95   33.12    122.97   11.5

Texas
    Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington           444.27   29.85   31.42    68.72     8.2
    Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown            256.52   17.24   32.67    43.68     8.3
    San Antonio                           42.22    2.84    6.79     20.27     6.9
    Austin-Round Rock                     135.86   9.13    6.78     78.97     7.2
    El Paso                                2.86    0.19    2.21     3.77      9.6
    McAllen-Edinburg-Mission              13.30    0.89    1.14     17.72    11.8
    Rest of State                         593.31   39.86   19.00    82.18     0.1

Utah
    Salt Lake City                        87.86    41.93   57.61    77.15    6.4
    Rest of State                         121.71   58.07   42.39    72.69    6.3

Virginia
    Richmond                              29.37    8.52    15.38    23.65    7.8
    Washington                            76.31    22.15   46.91    30.07    5.0
    Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News   62.71    18.20   19.37    38.41    6.8
    Rest of State                         176.13   51.12   18.35    72.26    7.6

Washington
   Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue                193.66   47.94   68.62    57.09     8.8
   Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton           15.46    3.83    4.25     34.81    14.4
   Rest of State                          194.84   48.23   27.14    69.23     8.9

Wisconsin
    Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis         18.55    4.60    34.73     11.93    9.0
    Chicago                               66.42    16.46   1.99     399.66   11.6
    Rest of State                         318.64   78.95   63.28     80.88    7.8

West Virginia
   Washington-Arlington-Alexandria        18.74    10.18   1.75     356.35   6.7
   Rest of State                          165.38   89.82   98.25     67.85   8.5




IHS Global Insight                                                                  104

								
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