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CATCH 22 Observe the following themes in the various chapters of the novel and make sure you can tell their relevance in the context of the particular scene. Chapter 1 hospital (sick/healthy---escape/predestiny) allusion to Moby Dick Chapter 2 hospital (Yossarian) v war (Clevinger) SANITY ? life v principles Milo Dunbar—to make time pass slower Chapter 3 Games—e.g.: Exaggeration—e.g.: Reversal—e.g.: Men//mice, rats Macabre of dear men, living ghosts Chapter 4 “What else is there?” (ego-centered people) Machinations “Why me?” (only overtly uttered question) Necessity to reeducate our perceptions Impossibility of educating those who don’t ask existential questions Don Daneeka “You scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours.” (mutual favors) Chapter 5 Flies in Appleby’s eyes Perception v material satisfacition Appearance v reality “cosmological wickedness” Horrifying reality welcome the war Craziness v sanity Fear, anxiety B-25= womb/tomb (escape crawlway) Traditional wisdom=lie? Virtue=? In such a world Chapter 6 Illogical, absurd price of human life Mortality Hungry Joe’s nightmares Orr’s attack on Appleby Absurd decision making “don’t rock the boat” CATCH 22 DEFINITIONPOWER, AUTHORITY WHY?---WHY NOT ? Chapter 7 “me first” mentality Milo’s deals, “everyone has a share” syndicate (based on double talk) Enterprising aggressiveness (Milo) v evasiveness (Yossaraian) Rigid principles (like moral conviction)=pretence of social responsibility-taking Chapter 8 Clevinger’s hearings “What is justice?” Appearance v reality Scheisskopf’s parades Yossarian’s love—need for real love Microcosmic world of Pianosa Chapter 9 Lit. allusion to E.A.Robinson: “Miniver Cheevy” Appearance v reality Lie/ identity Repetition of events as a structural/thematic organizer “whose side are you on, boys?” Fool is the one who is not on the side of the majority Chapter 10 Clevinger’s disappearance—how little individuals count The man with no loyalties to anything higher than himself Atabrine (anti-malaria drug, bitter) episode Trick v purpose Mudd, a victim of chance Charnel house (for dead bodies)—human predicament Craziness may be the sane path Chapter 11 Glorious Loyal Oath Parade—super patriotism + bureaucracy satirized Jehovah allusion Chapter 12 Rain metaphor Hungry Joe’s dream metaphor (suffocation—human life) God’s name mentioned— “There is no God.” Rationality v superstition Language games Alternative responses to the fear of death Chapter 13 Rome Milo’s egg Raid on Ferrara “Dilemma of duty and damnation” Coverly’s loss of one eye, Satanic look Yossarian’s medal “to act boastfully about something we must be ashamed of” Sense of guilt Y needs to develop an individual perspective Chapter 14 Y’s lesson: no more bravery Sense of reversal “Something was terribly wrong if everything was all right” Daneeka’s poignant solicitude for his own safety Chapter 15 Reversal of reversals: Bologna must be bombed again Gradated series of events Orr’s landing Growing frustration b men and leaders Y’s control of the plane Chapter 16 Rome Love and sex confused Escapes Number of missions.: 40 Hospital= asylum, sanctuary Y: confused and terrified, begins to be able to see himself in others’ eyes Chapter 17 Soldier in white Hospital as adequate escape only as compared to the outside world catastrophe The “acts of God”, confidence in the Universe “Mission against mortality” Is there any mission worthwile and possible? Chapter 18 2X, déjà vu Pain and suffering (Augustine: City of God, Dostoevsky: The Brothers Karamazov) Existentialism Lt Scheisskopf’s wife—not believing in a good God, Y—in bad God Chapter 19 Col Catchcart---ambitions, a man without character must have methods (anxiety about feathers in his cap) Using religion—satire on rel: it offers comfort without demands/social prop, status “some of my best friends are Negroes” (standard racial joke) Chapter 20 Psychol study of the chaplain Corporal Whitcomb: epitome of the world, cowardice Sense of guilt Naked man at Snowden’s funeral CID investigation Chapter 21 Col Catchcart’s total reliance upon how others see him War as business—industrial-financial complex—cosmic arena Tragicomic counterpoint of the novel Chapter 22 Physical centre of the novel Snowden’s death, Milo’s syndicate operations Interconnection of all things Trapped mouse phrase (terror) intellectual clarity still missing Milo’s operations—parody Time is psychological Chapter 23 Nately (hedonistic) and the old man (Satanic?) debate Strength and sanity measured only by survival Patriotism Appearance and reality Chapter 24 Milo’s syndicate—over love and courage In the name of national security Unprincipledness masked so as to be publicly accepted No personal responsibility taken Genesis allusion Chapter 25 Chaplain between skepticism and hope Déjà vu b chaplain’s intellectual life and spiritual life Alternative ways off seeing the world Elasticity Obsessive fear Kindness and good manners v ontological problems Chapter 26 Insensitivity images Terror and injury Major as Jehova? Chapter 27 Yossarian has a better sense of reality than many whom he confronts Psychiatrist—Freudianism satire (what is behind reality?) Definition of REALITY: ? Chapter 28 Everyman—subject of immediate circumstances Ditching Kierkegaardthe best protection is innocence Chapter 29 Gen Peckem Rivalry b 2 commands, but no real difference Lit allusion: Hamlet (to be or not to be—“Would you rather go back to Bologna?”) Whatever does not break the law is right Chapter 30 Change of mood and tone: somber, serious, desperate Intuition of upcoming events> result of previous events Y plays with the idea of killing Orr, McWatt Y: responsibility taken first Death of Kid Sampson McWatt: first not to be egocentric Sense of the meaning of life and responsibility There must be an alternative to this world Chapter 31 Doc Daneeka and wife (her grief relieved) Chapter 32 Y’s catalogue of the dead, the foolish Grows closer to the memory of Orr New roomies, practical—generation gap signified Chapter 33 Despair and visions Bombing of Ferrara Y is beginning to accept responsibility, not angry any more, more humane, realist Motley rescue party: first real reversal of the novel Nately and his whore—love? Change of character needed Chapter 34 Thanksgiving Party, decadence a la ancient Rome Y’s attack on the machine gun nest, on Nately Hospital= universal refuge “Protective rationalization” Soldier in white—who/what is inside? Disappearing people, disappearance of identity Chapter 35 Catalogue of business affaires Milo can use the artifacts of our culture without actually being part of culture Chapter 36 Nately’s death Despair v ability to name one’s fears Interrogation of the chaplain “illegal legality” Chapter 37 Peckem’s machinations and fall Scheisskopf’s parades Worldly wisdom fails, absolute conformity reigns Chapter 38 REAL CHANGE Paranoia (=unreasonable fear, distrust of the world) Y Y refuses to fly more missions Heroism, honor Impact of death on human relations Awareness of death as a potential spiritual force Chapter 39 (title—Peter Blume painting 1934-7) Freedom and independence Y ready to act and take responsibility Catch 22 does not exist, only as long as one fears it Surrealistic journey “the night journey” “descent into hell” Orpheus allusion (descent into the valley of dry bones) Brothers Karamazov allusion—suffering of kids The evil of the world is within Y: purposeful, ironic victim of Catch22, tests his new-found knowledge Chapter 40 There is a catch22! CATCH22 reasserts itself There is an alternative! Y refuses to identify his country with Korn and Cathcart, his loyalty goes to the country, not to them. Desire for safety v reason Y not self interested, but treated so Refusalact of rebellion Y capitulates But Nately’s whore, his symbolic guilt conscious attacks him Chapter 41 Hospital in the fog of insensibility, human condition Concept of innocence “who’s my pal?” who is my neighbor Snowden’s secret motivates Y in his quest for survival “Man was matter,that was Snowden’s secret.” “Ripeness is all.” “The spirit is gone, man is garbage.” (you cannot be a pal to garbage) With spirit, what then? Chapter 42 Danby-the-man v his ideas “I’m going to fight a little to save myself.” “The country’s not in danger anymore but I am.” Willing to risk oneself to save oneself for something higher Orr—oar pun—replaces the Snowden’s death secret in its relevance for Y Intelligence/ perseverance/ endurance Possessed by belief in human possibility Y: hope and courage to his responsibilities CATCH22 defeated Analyze the question of personal responsibility and that of limited personal sphere of action in the context of the novel.
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