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									                                              CATCH 22
Observe the following themes in the various chapters of the novel and make sure you can tell their
relevance in the context of the particular scene.


Chapter 1
hospital (sick/healthy---escape/predestiny)
allusion to Moby Dick

Chapter 2
hospital (Yossarian) v war (Clevinger) SANITY ?
life v principles
Milo
Dunbar—to make time pass slower

Chapter 3
Games—e.g.:
Exaggeration—e.g.:
Reversal—e.g.:
Men//mice, rats
Macabre of dear men, living ghosts

Chapter 4
“What else is there?” (ego-centered people)
Machinations
“Why me?” (only overtly uttered question)
Necessity to reeducate our perceptions
Impossibility of educating those who don’t ask existential questions
Don Daneeka “You scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours.” (mutual favors)

Chapter 5
Flies in Appleby’s eyes
Perception v material satisfacition
Appearance v reality
“cosmological wickedness”
Horrifying reality welcome the war
Craziness v sanity
Fear, anxiety
B-25= womb/tomb (escape crawlway)
Traditional wisdom=lie?
Virtue=? In such a world

Chapter 6
Illogical, absurd price of human life
Mortality
Hungry Joe’s nightmares
Orr’s attack on Appleby
Absurd decision making
“don’t rock the boat”
CATCH 22 DEFINITIONPOWER, AUTHORITY
WHY?---WHY NOT ?

Chapter 7
“me first” mentality
Milo’s deals, “everyone has a share” syndicate (based on double talk)
Enterprising aggressiveness (Milo) v evasiveness (Yossaraian)
Rigid principles (like moral conviction)=pretence of social responsibility-taking
Chapter 8
Clevinger’s hearings
“What is justice?”
Appearance v reality
Scheisskopf’s parades
Yossarian’s love—need for real love
Microcosmic world of Pianosa

Chapter 9
Lit. allusion to E.A.Robinson: “Miniver Cheevy”
Appearance v reality
Lie/ identity
Repetition of events as a structural/thematic organizer
“whose side are you on, boys?”
Fool is the one who is not on the side of the majority

Chapter 10
Clevinger’s disappearance—how little individuals count
The man with no loyalties to anything higher than himself
Atabrine (anti-malaria drug, bitter) episode
Trick v purpose
Mudd, a victim of chance
Charnel house (for dead bodies)—human predicament
Craziness may be the sane path

Chapter 11
Glorious Loyal Oath Parade—super patriotism + bureaucracy satirized
Jehovah allusion

Chapter 12
Rain metaphor
Hungry Joe’s dream metaphor (suffocation—human life)
God’s name mentioned— “There is no God.”
Rationality v superstition
Language games
Alternative responses to the fear of death

Chapter 13
Rome
Milo’s egg
Raid on Ferrara
“Dilemma of duty and damnation”
Coverly’s loss of one eye, Satanic look
Yossarian’s medal “to act boastfully about something we must be ashamed of”
Sense of guilt
Y needs to develop an individual perspective

Chapter 14
Y’s lesson: no more bravery
Sense of reversal “Something was terribly wrong if everything was all right”
Daneeka’s poignant solicitude for his own safety

Chapter 15
Reversal of reversals: Bologna must be bombed again
Gradated series of events
Orr’s landing
Growing frustration b men and leaders
Y’s control of the plane

Chapter 16
Rome
Love and sex confused
Escapes
Number of missions.: 40
Hospital= asylum, sanctuary
Y: confused and terrified, begins to be able to see himself in others’ eyes

Chapter 17
Soldier in white
Hospital as adequate escape only as compared to the outside world catastrophe
The “acts of God”, confidence in the Universe
“Mission against mortality”
Is there any mission worthwile and possible?

Chapter 18
2X, déjà vu
Pain and suffering (Augustine: City of God, Dostoevsky: The Brothers Karamazov)
Existentialism
Lt Scheisskopf’s wife—not believing in a good God, Y—in bad God

Chapter 19
Col Catchcart---ambitions, a man without character must have methods
(anxiety about feathers in his cap)
Using religion—satire on rel: it offers comfort without demands/social prop, status
“some of my best friends are Negroes” (standard racial joke)

Chapter 20
Psychol study of the chaplain
Corporal Whitcomb: epitome of the world, cowardice
Sense of guilt
Naked man at Snowden’s funeral
CID investigation

Chapter 21
Col Catchcart’s total reliance upon how others see him
War as business—industrial-financial complex—cosmic arena
Tragicomic counterpoint of the novel

Chapter 22
Physical centre of the novel
Snowden’s death, Milo’s syndicate operations
Interconnection of all things
Trapped mouse phrase (terror)
intellectual clarity still missing
Milo’s operations—parody
Time is psychological

Chapter 23
Nately (hedonistic) and the old man (Satanic?) debate
Strength and sanity measured only by survival
Patriotism
Appearance and reality

Chapter 24
Milo’s syndicate—over love and courage
In the name of national security
Unprincipledness masked so as to be publicly accepted
No personal responsibility taken
Genesis allusion
Chapter 25
Chaplain between skepticism and hope
Déjà vu b chaplain’s intellectual life and spiritual life
Alternative ways off seeing the world
Elasticity
Obsessive fear
Kindness and good manners v ontological problems

Chapter 26
Insensitivity images
Terror and injury
Major as Jehova?

Chapter 27
Yossarian has a better sense of reality than many whom he confronts
Psychiatrist—Freudianism satire (what is behind reality?)
Definition of REALITY: ?

Chapter 28
Everyman—subject of immediate circumstances
Ditching
Kierkegaardthe best protection is innocence

Chapter 29
Gen Peckem
Rivalry b 2 commands, but no real difference
Lit allusion: Hamlet (to be or not to be—“Would you rather go back to Bologna?”)
Whatever does not break the law is right

Chapter 30
Change of mood and tone: somber, serious, desperate
Intuition of upcoming events> result of previous events
Y plays with the idea of killing Orr, McWatt
Y: responsibility taken first
Death of Kid Sampson
McWatt: first not to be egocentric
Sense of the meaning of life and responsibility
There must be an alternative to this world

Chapter 31
Doc Daneeka and wife (her grief relieved)

Chapter 32
Y’s catalogue of the dead, the foolish
Grows closer to the memory of Orr
New roomies, practical—generation gap signified

Chapter 33
Despair and visions
Bombing of Ferrara
Y is beginning to accept responsibility, not angry any more, more humane, realist
Motley rescue party: first real reversal of the novel
Nately and his whore—love? Change of character needed


Chapter 34
Thanksgiving Party, decadence a la ancient Rome
Y’s attack on the machine gun nest, on Nately
Hospital= universal refuge
“Protective rationalization”
Soldier in white—who/what is inside?
Disappearing people, disappearance of identity

Chapter 35
Catalogue of business affaires
Milo can use the artifacts of our culture without actually being part of culture

Chapter 36
Nately’s death
Despair v ability to name one’s fears
Interrogation of the chaplain
“illegal legality”

Chapter 37
Peckem’s machinations and fall
Scheisskopf’s parades
Worldly wisdom fails, absolute conformity reigns

Chapter 38
REAL CHANGE
Paranoia (=unreasonable fear, distrust of the world) Y
Y refuses to fly more missions
Heroism, honor
Impact of death on human relations
Awareness of death as a potential spiritual force

Chapter 39
(title—Peter Blume painting 1934-7)
Freedom and independence
Y ready to act and take responsibility
Catch 22 does not exist, only as long as one fears it
Surrealistic journey “the night journey” “descent into hell”
Orpheus allusion (descent into the valley of dry bones)
Brothers Karamazov allusion—suffering of kids
The evil of the world is within
Y: purposeful, ironic victim of Catch22, tests his new-found knowledge

Chapter 40
There is a catch22!
CATCH22 reasserts itself
There is an alternative!
Y refuses to identify his country with Korn and Cathcart, his loyalty goes to the country, not to them.
Desire for safety v reason
Y not self interested, but treated so
Refusalact of rebellion
Y capitulates
But Nately’s whore, his symbolic guilt conscious attacks him

Chapter 41
Hospital in the fog of insensibility, human condition
Concept of innocence
“who’s my pal?” who is my neighbor
Snowden’s secret motivates Y in his quest for survival
“Man was matter,that was Snowden’s secret.”
“Ripeness is all.”
“The spirit is gone, man is garbage.” (you cannot be a pal to garbage)
With spirit, what then?

Chapter 42
Danby-the-man v his ideas
“I’m going to fight a little to save myself.” “The country’s not in danger anymore but I am.”
Willing to risk oneself to save oneself for something higher
Orr—oar pun—replaces the Snowden’s death secret in its relevance for Y
Intelligence/ perseverance/ endurance
Possessed by belief in human possibility
Y: hope and courage to his responsibilities
CATCH22 defeated

Analyze the question of personal responsibility and that of limited personal sphere of action in
the context of the novel.

								
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