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					THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                                         MANITOBA – GRADE 6




Building Canada: Timelines and Parliamentary
Representation

Lesson Overview
Students will learn about how Canada was built. They will learn important dates and events in Canada
over the last 138 years and look at alternate ways that Members of Parliament could possibly be
organized. In doing so, students will learn about the size of the provinces in comparison to
population. Finally, students may participate in extension activities that include learning about federal
political parties and Parliament Hill.


Grade Level
Grades 6-8


Time Required:
   Introduction (5 Minutes)
   Activity I: Group Mini-Presentation (20 Minutes)
   Activity 2: Create A Timeline (30 – 40 Minutes)
   Activity 3:Seats In The House Of Commons (30 – 40 Minutes)

Manitoba Curriculum Connection

Social Studies

Grade 6:         - Unit IV: Life in the Late 19th Century, Western Canada
                 - Unit V: Life in Canada during the 20th Century
Grade 8:         - Unit IV: Life in the Modern World


Link to Canadian National Geography Standards
Essential Element #2 (Grades 6-8) - Places and Regions
   Changes in places and regions in Canada and the world

Essential Element #4 (Grades 6-8) - Human Systems
   Territorial dispute and conflict

Essential Element #6 (Grades 6-8) - The Uses of Geography
   Effects of physical and human geographic factors on major historical events
   Role of multiple points of view in contemporary geographic policies and issues

Geographic Skill #2 (Grades 6-8) - Acquiring Geographic Information
   Use a variety of research skills to locate and collect geographic data.

Geographic Skill #3 (Grades 6-8) - Organizing Geographic Information
   Prepare various forms of diagrams, tables and charts to organize and display geographic
    information.

Geographic Skill #4 (Grades 6-8) - Analyzing Geographic Information
   Interpret and synthesize information obtained from a variety of sources – graphs, charts, tables,
    diagrams, texts, photographs, documents and interviews.


Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                                               1
THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                                        MANITOBA – GRADE 6



The Canadian Atlas
The “Building Canada” section (pp. 34-35) of The Canadian Atlas are used in this lesson. You can also
use the corresponding pages from The Canadian Atlas Online website at
http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/atlas/


Additional Resources, Materials and Equipment Required
   Access to computers or calculators
   Mini-Presentation Groupings Sheet
   Online Timeline Generators: http://www.readwritethink.org/materials/timeline/ OR http://teach-
    nology.com/web_tools/materials/timeline/
   Table: Number of seats in the House of Commons IF based on Area of each Province
   Teacher Answer Guide
   House of Commons Seats, Blank Chart for Ranking (two copies/student)


Main Objective
Students will use The Canadian Atlas Online to learn about significant political events and processes
over the last 138 years, which have helped to shape Canada.


Learning Outcomes
By the end of the lesson, students will be able to
   Use The Canadian Atlas Online to collect information about the building of Canada over the last
    138 years.
   Research the most significant events in Canada over this period and make a short oral
    presentation.
   Use an on-line timeline generator to create a timeline of these events.
   Calculate and sort information pertaining to seats in the House of Commons.




Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                                               2
THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                                          MANITOBA – GRADE 6



Lesson
                             Teacher Activity                                 Student Activity
Introduction    Explain that over the next few activities,
                students will learn about political
                development in Canada. Students will
                also learn about how laws are made and
                when each province joined Canada.
                Finally, students will learn about
                significant dates and events that
                occurred over the last 138 years.
                 Read the opening paragraph of                  Read the opening paragraph of
                  “Building Canada” (p 34). (From the             “Building Canada”.
                  time of Confederation… up to and
                  including …the source of dispute).
Lesson           Activity 1: Group Mini-Presentation
Development      Students are divided into seven small          Prepare presentation in small groups.
                  groups to read and present about each
                  of the maps of Canada (grouping chart
                  for teachers attached).
                 They will note the most significant
                  ideas and prepare a quick 30 second
                  presentation for the rest of the class.
                 Each group will take turns presenting
                  until all seven maps are presented.
                  (Students have 3 minutes to get into
                  groupings, 5 minutes to read information, 2
                  minutes to prepare who will say what, and 5
                  minutes for all 7 groups to present)
                 Activity 2: Create A Timeline
                  Individual students will read the
                   detailed timeline starting at 1867 and
                   ending at 1999 on page 34 & 35.
                  They will choose two of the events that       Choose two significant political events.
                   they feel are the most significant
                   events over the last 138 years.
                                                                 In a group, discuss events and create
                  In small groups (possibly the same
                                                                  a master list of the top five political
                   ones as Activity 1), students discuss
                                                                  events in Canada.
                   their choices.
                  As a group, they are to decide which
                   five events (in their opinion) were the
                   most significant events over the last
                   138 years.




Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                                                   3
THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                                        MANITOBA – GRADE 6




Lesson (cont’d)
                             Teacher Activity                              Student Activity
Lesson             Students will then create a timeline of    Create a timeline of these events.
Development         their own with dates and a short
(Cont’d)            description to show these five
                    dates/events.
                   They may create the timeline using a
                    piece of poster paper or by using
                    timeline generating tools found at:
                    http://www.readwritethink.org/materia
                    ls/timeline/ OR
                   http://teach-
                    nology.com/web_tools/materials/timeli
                    ne/
                   Remind students to enter dates in
                    order from oldest to newest for best
                    results.
                   (Students have 5 minutes to read
                   information, 3 minutes to get into
                   working groups, 5 minutes to discuss
                   further, and then 17- 27 minutes to
                   create timeline of events)
                  Activity 3: Seats In The House Of
                              Commons:
                                                               Refer to the table on page 35 of the
                   Read and briefly discuss the paragraph      atlas or website entitled “The Number
                    that indicates “The Number of Seats in      of seats in the House of Commons”.
                    the House of Commons” (p 35).
                    Emphasize that each province is
                    allotted seats and elects a certain
                    number of Members of Parliament
                    using a formula based on population.
                                                               Create a new chart to determine what
                   Students will determine what the make
                                                                would happen if the number of seats in
                    up of the House of Commons would be
                                                                the House of Commons was based on
                    if it was based on the area of the
                                                                area, as opposed to population.
                    province instead.
                                                               Complete ranking charts for seats
                   Use the area of the provinces located
                                                                based on area and population.
                    on the right hand side of page 35 to
                    complete the chart entitled “Number
                    of seats in the House of Commons IF
                    based on Area of each Province”.
                   Ask students to complete ranking
                    charts for seats based on population
                    and then area.




Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                                               4
THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                                             MANITOBA – GRADE 6




Lesson (cont’d)
                              Teacher Activity                              Student Activity
Lesson             When the chart is completed, students      Discuss how to equitably establish
Development         will discuss whether a system based on      seats in the House of Commons
(Cont’d)            area or population is more equitable.

Conclusion         Collect student activity sheets or
                    introduce extension ideas.


Lesson Extension
   Using the Federal Election Results, 1867 – 2000 chart on page 34, debate which political party has
    done the most good for Canada over this period.

  Research and explain the history of Parliament Hill.

  Research how bills become law.


Assessment of Student Learning
  Assessment of the timeline can be in the form of a rubric:

                           Measurement                           Maximum Score                  Actual
     All five events are placed correctly                              5 points
     Events chosen are the most significant                            5 points
     Group participation                                               5 points
     Timeline has a nice appearance (neat professional)                5 points
                                                                        Total                       /20

   Assessment for the House of Commons Activity can be in a form of a ratings chart:

                       Measurement                        1        2              3         4            5
     Correct Answers
     Group Cooperation
     Use of technology
     Quality of spreadsheet / Chart
                                                                                           Total          /20




Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                                                    5
THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                    MANITOBA – GRADE 6




               Group Mini-Presentation: Grouping Chart

   Date of Event:                           Group Members:



        1867




        1882




        1895




        1905




        1912




        1949




        1999




Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                     6
THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                           MANITOBA – GRADE 6




                                  Calculation Table

Number of seats in the House of Commons IF based on Area of each Province:
    Province / Territory           Area of    Percent of   Number of Seats out of 301
                                  Province     Canada             (by Area)

Ontario                           1,076,395     10.78        (10.78 /100) X 301 = 32



Quebec



British Columbia



Alberta



Manitoba



Saskatchewan



Nova Scotia



New Brunswick



Newfoundland & Labrador



Prince Edward Island



Northwest Territories



Nunavut



Yukon




Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                               7
THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                                MANITOBA – GRADE 6




                              Teacher Answer Guide:

Province / Territory      # of seats    Area of Province   Per cent of      Number of
                        (By population)                     Canada            Seats:
                                                                            out of 301
                                                                            (by Area)


Ontario                      130            1,076,395        10.78              32



Quebec                        75            1,542,056        15.44              46



British Columbia              34            994,735           9.46              28



Alberta                       26            661,848           6.63              20



Manitoba                      14            647,797           6.49              20



Saskatchewan                  14            651,036           6.52              20



Nova Scotia                   11             55,284           0.55               2



New Brunswick                 10             72,908           0.73               2


Newfoundland &
                              7             405,212           4.06              12
Labrador


Prince Edward Island          4              5,660            0.06               0



Northwest Territories         1             1,346,106        13.48              41



Nunavut                       1             2,093,190        20.96              63



Yukon                         1             482,443           4.83              15


                                                             Total             301




Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                                 8
THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                 MANITOBA – GRADE 6




                           Blank Chart for Ranking:
                           House of Commons Seats

House Of Commons Representation:


  Sorted by:_______________________________________________________________

      Rank                      Province / Territory     Number of Seats
                                                           (out of 301)

        1


        2


        3


        4


        5


        6


        7


        8


        9


       10


       11


       12


       13




Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                  9

				
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Description: World Timeline Chart Template document sample