ROLE OF PARLIAMENTS IN ADVANCING

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					  ROLE OF PARLIAMENTS IN ADVANCING
       THE INFORMATION SOCIETY:
Rwanda Parliament Organizational approaches.



                         A perspective by:
                 Senator GASAMAGERA Wellars,
                         MPA (PM), Qc, CA
     Member of the Political and Good Governance Committee,
             Member of the ICT Steering Committee,
                     RWANDA PARLIAMENT
The Rwanda Vision
           The Rwanda ICT4D
              Framework




                                                       Framework
                                                       Regulatory
  (PARLIAMENT)
            Policy
    Development;
Laws / regulations
                         Implementation



                                                   Rwanda Utility
 Office of the
                                                    Regulatory
  President
                                                     Agency




                 Government           Private Sector
          Rwanda Parliament
            presentation
• Rwanda: 26,338 sq.km; +- 9 mios inhab.
• Parliament of Rwanda was instituted after a 9 years
  transitional period following the Tutsi genocide of 1994;
• Comprised of 2 chambers: The Senate and the Chamber
  of Deputies
• 1st elections held in October 2003; 80 deputies (5 years
  renewable mandate) and 26 senators (8 years single
  mandate) were sworn in.
• Mission: representation, law making incl. Budget,
  government oversight, vote/approval of government
  officials nominees, supervision of fundamental principles.
                NICI Plans
NICI Plans (2000 to 2020)
• NICI I (2001-2005) Goal – Was focused on
  awareness, education and infrastructure set up.

• NICI II (2006-2010) Goal – Strengthening the
  infrastructure and deployment of solutions

• NICI III (2011 -2015) Goal – focus on the
  sustainability and increase on deployed solutions

• NICI IV (2016-2020) Goal – focus on the
  consolidation process towards achieving a middle-
  income status and an information rich society
                NICI II Pillars
 ICT in Education
 Human Capacity Development
 Infrastructure, Equipment and Content
 Economic Development
 Social Development
 Private Sector Development
 E-Government and E-Governance
• Rural and Community Access
• Legal, Regulatory and Institutional Provisions and
  Standards
• National Security, Law and Order

Initially = 161 Projects in total. Currently = 143
         RWANDA ICT SECTOR
            APPROACH
• Policy: Regulated market, privatization and free
  competition, appropriate policy framework under
  construction, NICI Plan II: enabling character in
  connection with Vision 2020 .
• Infrastructure: reliable local network, optic fiber cables,
  regional backbone, voice penetration rate now about 7%
  (from 7,000 in 1998 to 652 323 subscribers today;
  internet users: 200,000 i.e - 2% of population;
• Enterprise: attractive investment environment (projected
  investment over two coming years total 173,8 millions
  dollars in infrastructures, broadband, applications),
  facilitations (0 % customs duties); affordable
  connectivity: Karisimbi Mount Tower (altitude:4,538 m),
  ICT Park;
     Infrastructure, Equipment and Content
• Kigali Metropolitan Wibro/FOC network project
   – Infrastructure to support high end broadband services,
     including:
      • Data, voice and video across public institutions and the private
        sector in the metropolitan area.
      • Cutting edge Wibro technology supporting data mobility,
      • Real time data transmission for services such as the police,
        hospital ambulances, etc.
      • The project will be completed in Dec 2008.
• National Fibre Backbone network –a physical fibre
  network linking all 30 District Offices in Rwanda (currently
  under implementation);
• Regional integrated Fibre backbone network linking
  Rwanda with the Indian Ocean global submarine cables
  networks.
Backbone: Duct,                                                                              Uganda
                                                                                             border 1
                                                                                                                      Uganda
                                                                                                                      border 2
Trunk and Access                                                 North                       30
                                                                                                              70

Schematic     Musanze                                            Burera                           60                Nyagatare
                                                    30
                                                                                  Gicumbi
                              30                                             25                                     35
             Rubavu
DRC                                            30
                                                                                   Rulind                              Gatsibo
border                                                                                       40
             13                                                     30             o
                                  30                 Gakene
                   39                                                                                                      30
                                    Nyabihu                                       30
                                                                                              Gasabo                            Kayonza
                                          26                                                             35           20
             Rutsiro               Ngororero                                Kigali Control
                                                         25                                15
                                                                               Centre
                     39                                                                                            Rwamagana
                                          Muhanga                Kamonyi          35
                                                                                             26
                                                                                                       Kicukiro
                                                          40        20              33                                          75
                   Karongi
                                      West           Ruhango
                                                                            Nyarugenge        15
                                                                                                        South &
                                                                                       46
                        40                                             35                               East
                                                                                                                                              Kirehe
                                                                                            Bugesera                                 35
                              Nyamasheke                                                                  45          Ngoma                      20
              70
                                                              Nyanza
    Rusizi                   52
                                                                 30
                                                40
                                                                                  Gisagara                                                     Tanzania
                                  Nyamagabe
                                                                           20                                                                  border
                                                     39                  Huye
                                                                                                  Duct system (ie civil
                                                                         35                       works)
                                      Nyaruguru                                                   Trunk system
                                                               30                                                                     Border equipment point
                                                                                                  Access Network
                                                                                                  Possible dark fibre/duct            Network Splice Point
                                                                Burundi
                                                                                                  share with MTN/Rwandatel
                                                                border                                                               Distance between District
                                                                                                  Construction zone              20 offices
                                                                                                  boundaries
                        1
                                          Global Connectivity
                            2




    3




4
                                                                            SEA ME WE 3        16

                    8                                          23
                7
        5   6                                                                                       17
                                9

                                                                                          25


                                10

                                                          22
                                                                                24
                                                          21
                                                          20
                                     11

    SAT-3/WASC

                                                                    19

                                                                                15



                                                                           14
                                                     18



                                                13
                                           12
                                                                    SAFE
        RWANDA ICT SECTOR
          APPROACH…ctd
• Human capacity: IT content in school curricula,
  dedicated faculties in all universities, NEPAD e-
  school project/”one laptop per child project”.
• Content and applications: local content ; public
  services on a common portal (xxx@gov.rw),
  internet promotion of tourism and other services;
  on-going ID e-government project, Health
  Care: TRACNET …
• Institutional and strategic commitment:
  committed top leadership for a knowledge-based
  economy, widespread adoption of ICTs in public
  and private sectors .
National school-net project, 2700 computers distributed to 270 secondary schools
Telecoms usage in Rwanda is low compared with region
       and with Sub-Saharan Africa as a whole
                      Total penetration (fixed and mobile)
                                Average for Sub-
                              Saharan Africa (excl.
                              South Africa): 13.7%                              (Predicted Mobile
                                                                                growth 2009)
                                                                                20-23%


                                                                                (Predicted Mobile
                                                                                growth 2008)
                                                                                12-15%

                                                                                (Mobile growth 2007)
                                                                                7.0%


                                                                         3.6%




Definition: (total telecoms subscribers – fixed and mobile)/population
Date: Dec 2006 (most recent data available)
Source: ITU
     Parliament achievements in
          advancing the IS…
• Deployment of a LAN and WAN network for
  shared internet connectivity, a Parliament web-
  based portal, an integrated HR management
  and pay-roll system and an integrated
  Parliament Information System;
• Introduction of a paperless Parliament: all MPs
  equipped with laptops fitted with WiFi modems.
• Changing mindsets: all MPs became daily users
  of information technology.
Parliament achievements in advancing
      the information society..ctd
• Identifying needs and strategizing actions:
  planning, partnering, outsourcing,...
  – Steering Committee to provide counsel,
    devise, inspire and generally reflect
    strategically on all ICT initiatives;
    partnerships: local, regional or international;
  – Out-sourcing intensively to boost capacity
    from local or international public and private
    institutions and individuals.
        Parliament achievements…
• Rationalizing processes: applied software, local
  content, responding to in/outbound needs, ...
   – Dedicated applications and other appropriate software
     now fully in use including:
       • Organizational management and accounting, HR management
         software
       • Document tracking and workflow management application
       • Parliamentary management automation (ongoing)
       • Citizen’s guide to Parliamentary operations
       • Etc…
• In pipeline:
       • IT tool for the legislative process and government oversight data base
         management programs; website enhancement;
       • Complete optic fibre cable network system in rehabilitated premises, fully
         equipping buildings with electronic guiding interactive panels …
                    Challenges
• Institutional Policy Framework and ICT Bill: Telecoms Law,
  the Multi-sector Regulatory Law, the Intellectual Property
  Rights Act, etc…, still lacking: e-Government Law, the
  Cyber Law (e-Security and e-Privacy); over-arching ICT Act;
• Making available institutional information to MPs beyond
  working environment. WiFi connection on laptops through
  portable modems for every MP: heavy applications don’t
  run on it, owing to a still low bandwidth;
• Appropriate information infrastructure for rapid response to
  constituencies queries: ideal being a real time response;
  improving connectivity by taping into e-government
  infrastructure (like rural tele-centers)
• Extending and diversifying information media for MPs
  (audio, video and other channels) : regular monthly
  newspaper ; broadcasting radio station to be installed soon.
                   Challenges
• Staff capacity building to operate automated information
  data: on going task, a dedicated project is being
  deployed;
• Staff fully equipped for adequate law drafting,
  processing, reporting and storing processes. Desktops
  have been provided, but laptops are still needed for
  flexibility of standing committees support staff / mobile
  workforce
• Language diversity: Rwanda is a trilingual country:
  Kinyarwanda, English and French; hindrance to rapid
  development of some ICT applications; introducing local
  content needs translation…special section created and
  staffed to answer this issue, but is not effectively
  operational.
               LESSONS LEARNT
•   Members of Parliament well known for their stay-at-home attitude have
    been brought on board, institution is turned into a learning organization
    always ready for change;
•   Dependence on external resources in terms of financing, skills and
    expertise ; partnering & developing local capacities to take over; R&D unit in
    Parliament has helped acquiring a critical mass of well trained staff who
    keep the engine moving.
•   Transforming challenges into opportunities: Rwanda is a landlocked country
    … natural hub for the region, crossroads for marketing an intangible good:
    knowledge and information: regional could-be hub of knowledge and
    information ; Rwanda Parliament takes the lead;
•   Welcome to Kigali international conference on:
     – Development of an equitable Information
       Society in Africa: The role of Parliaments
        Co-organized by Rwanda Parliament and UNDESA
                     Kigali, 23-24 September, 2008

                   Website: http://rwanda.parliaments.info/
           Way Forward
• Team work between Government and
  Parliament;
• Capacity reinforcement at all levels ;
• Prioritise a few key projects and
  execute them to completion:
  equipment, applications…
• Capacity building for project delivery
• Partnering, outsourcing, improving
  access with constituencies

				
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