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Lecture 5 - PowerPoint Presentat

VIEWS: 11 PAGES: 25

									       GO131:
International Relations

   Professor Walter Hatch
        Colby College



        War and Peace
Pearl Harbor, 1941
Korea, 1950
Vietnam/ Tet Offensive, 1968
Iran, 1980s
Falklands, 1982
Rwanda, 1994
Chechnya, 1999
World Trade Center, 2001
Afghanistan, 2001
Iraq, 2003
       Two Questions
1. Is war inevitable?
2. Why do wars come about?
 1. Is war inevitable?
(i.e. a necessary evil?)
Classical Liberals say …



No
  Perpetual Peace is
  possible
Neo-Liberals say…
 No
   It’s a small world after all
Constructivists Say …


  It depends
    on norms
Realists say …

  Yes
    The system is unstable
    Longtime Pessimists
Sun Tzu
  “The Art of War”
Thucydides
  “The strong do what they can, and the weak
  suffer what they want.”
Carl Von Clausewitz
  “The continuation of politics by other means”
            Evidence
Good news! No war between great powers
over the past half century.
Bad news: conflict continues
  Proxy wars during Cold War
  Regional conflict
  Ethnic conflict
  Civilian casualties
2. Why do wars come about?
     The Realist Answer
Structure of the international system
  Anarchy (”self-help”)
Great powers will balance against one
another
  Smaller powers will bandwagon
Security dilemma
    The Liberal Answer
Classical Liberals
  Authoritarian states are unrestrained
  Liberal states aren’t sufficiently “cosmopolitan”
Neo-liberals
  Institutions are not in place to defuse conflict
“Democratic Peace”
Exceptions?




              War of 1812
Fashoda Incident

								
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