In addition, the iceberg was spotted too late. Despite making way at 22 knots to make its inaugural voyage a quick one, it was thought that any icebergs big enough to hurt the ship would be seen well ahead of time. Two watches were in the crow's nest without binoculars. Other ships of the day used iceberg watches on the ship's bow. The Titanic captain didn't think this was necessary.
| Management| By Joel Levitt, President, Springfield Resources Problems are Good If you take away valuable lessons The best organizations in the world are not the a single-engine aircraft blows? Then the conse- The second piece of dicey engineering was the ones with all the systems and procedures or even quences are dire. size of the rudder, which was designed for a much the most up-to-date technical solutions. They are Airplanes have what is said to a defense in depth. smaller ship. After the iceberg watch called out the ones best at identifying and solving problems. Many things have to go wrong for a plane to be lost. the iceberg to the starboard, the ship started to Want more success? Want a better maintenance The Titanic lacked a defense in depth and suffered turn but couldn’t do so fast enough to avoid the effort? Then get better at ﬁnding and solving problems. a series of problems that were catastrophic. collision. The glancing blow was much worse than Problems are good when causes and effects are On April 14, 1912, the Titanic, the largest ship of a straight head-on collision, which the ship could determined and measures taken to avoid reoccur- the day, struck an iceberg and sank within hours. have survived, the experts say. rences or similar problems. A good illustration of Of a total of 2,223 people aboard only 706 survived. Several procedures were causes to the accident. this is an airplane crash and the investigation which If we look at the causes of the sinking, we can When the iceberg was sighted, the bridge called for issues directives, changes to procedures, etc. see engineering and design issues, procedure reversing the engines. Only two of the three propel- I want to dissect the famous case of the sink- problems, faults in judgment and lapses in the lers could be reversed, and that caused turbulence ing of the Titanic and show how problems, even laws and statutes that govern maritime affairs. and cavitation, further affecting the small rubber’s horrible tragic ones, can be pointers to areas At 11:40 pm the ship hit the iceberg with a glanc- effectiveness. Had the bridge turned toward the where some attention would improve the process, ing blow to the starboard side, causing buckling in iceberg at the last minute, it would have brought product or company. the hull plates along the ﬁrst ﬁve compartments. the back of the ship out and around the iceberg. Accidents are almost always a chain of events - The seams of the plates popped open an inch or In addition, the iceberg was spotted too late. sometimes an improbable series - that add up to the two for almost 300 feet allowing water to rush in. Despite making way at 22 knots to make its inau- accident. For example: The pedestrian was wearing Metallurgists say the plates were brittle at the low gural voyage a quick one, it was thought that any black at night, it was rainy, the tires were bald, the temperatures of the North Atlantic and a different icebergs big enough to hurt the ship would be driver was tired and late for a delivery, and in that alloy would have been able to take the stress of seen well ahead of time. Two watches were in the moment he changed radio stations the pedestrian the slicing blow against the iceberg. Other metal- crow’s nest without binoculars. Other ships of the tripped on a log and fell toward the street. If any lurgists say the rivets were substandard. day used iceberg watches on the ship’s bow. The of those circumstances were different, avoided or Ship experts point to major design ﬂaws result- Titanic captain didn’t think this was necessary. mitigated, the accident might not have happened. ing from saving money in the ship’s manufacture. There were other causes, but let’s stick to these Then there are the consequences of an event. One was the walls of the water tight compartments few. If any of these (and other) causes had been If we blow an engine driving on most interstates, did not extend all the way to the ceiling. They were eliminated or mitigated, the Titanic would just be we can steer onto the shoulder and stop, usually well above the water line and no one thought that another big ship from the turn of the century. It with no loss of life or additional loss of property would be an issue. It turned out to be pivotal in would not have become famous. - beyond the engine. But what if the engine on the speed of the sinking. The tragedy caused a ﬁrestorm of publicity and inqui- ries were immediately started in both the U.S. and England. These inquiries solved RAISING Performance
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