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        ANNUAL REPORT 2008

                   Peacebuilding Centre
never                    BP 4431
                      Kigali, Rwanda
again             Tel: +250 (0)252576028
          A letter from the Executive Chairperson

2008 brought forth nothing as challenging as carrying out our activities, and they
would not have been possible without the assistance of various donors. It is for
this reason that I would like to express my heartfelt appreciation to the following
institutions: The National Endowment for Democracy (NED), The German
Development Services (DED), Catholic Organization for Relief Development Aid
(Cordaid- Netherlands), The Global Fund for Children-USA, and the German
Technical Cooperation (GTZ). Peace building is a gradual process. We have to
continue investing in the youth so as we can have a peaceful society that is free
from causes of war and conflicts.

Thank you very much,

Executive Chairperson
Never Again Rwanda

                                       Page 2
“ We cannot turn the clock back nor can we undo
the harm caused, but we have the power to deter-
mine the future and to ensure that what happened
             never happens again. ”
      - Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda

                            Page 3
                 About Never Again Rwanda
Never Again Rwanda (NAR) was founded in 2002, and was legally registered in
Rwanda as a non-profit, non-governmental organization in 2008. Since more than
60% of Rwanda’s population is under 20 years of age, youth are crucial to the future
stability and sanctity of Rwanda. NAR’s mission is to enhance youth’s capacity to
analyze the root causes of past conflicts, and facilitate dialogue among peers in
order to generate ideas and activities that work towards conflict resolution and
sustainable peace. NAR has been instrumental in healing the divide between youth
by engaging them in critical thinking, encouraging them to learn about and advocate
for human rights, and to become active ambassadors for peace and tolerance.

NAR builds its practices on six main objectives:
♦ To educate youth in Rwanda and around the world about Rwandan history,
  including the 1994 genocide and its causes, in a fair, balanced and accurate way.
♦ To create in Rwanda a culture of dialogue by creating safe spaces where youth
  can learn how to discuss ideas and share experiences in an understanding and
  respectful way.
♦ To create a culture of critical thinking among youth in Rwanda.
♦ To empower Rwandan youth to engage with and participate in decision
  making processes.
♦ To seek creative and effective (non-violent) means of preventing, managing,
  and resolving conflicts in Rwanda and around the world.
♦ To create local and international networks in which youth can discuss and act
  on issues related to conflict prevention and resolution.

                                           “ We must be the change we
                                                   wish to see
                                                  in the world ”
                                               - Mahatma Gandhi

                                  Page 4
            Never Again Rwanda Youth Clubs
Post-genocide Rwanda, ranked 158th out of 177 countries in the 2006 UNDP Human
Development Index, is at a critical juncture with various political, social, and
economic transitional challenges and opportunities. Over our four years of
engagement with the youth, NAR has witnessed a deep-seated feeling of mistrust
among Rwandan youth, who largely do not feel that their opinions or feelings matter,
and are not practiced in expressing their opinions publicly.

Youth need engaging, hopeful, invigorating initiatives that nurture and engage them
in building a positive self-image and keen intellect while healing trauma, combating
social prejudice, and setting the foundation for a strong future.

First established in 2004, Never Again Rwanda Youth Clubs for secondary school
students and non-schooling youth, have come to define what it takes to lead a nation
towards peace, reconciliation, and critical thinking. Now boasting over 27 clubs,
Never Again Rwanda is proud of its role in helping to eliminate prejudice,
inequality, and historical misunderstandings within Rwanda and the Great Lakes
Region of Africa.

Each Youth Club takes a different route to achieving the Never Again Rwanda
mission. Some clubs focus on using dialogue and discussion to teach about topics
such as the history of genocide, national reconciliation, HIV/AIDS, poverty, and
gender equality. Other clubs use arts (such as drama, poetry, comedy, craft-making,
etc.) to promote these same ideals. Some clubs raise money to pay for school-fees for
those hindered by such enormous costs.

   “I’m very happy of the leadership and managerial experience I have
   acquired from the youth clubs activities I have been coordinating nation
   wide...I know how to mobilize my fellow youth in the country so as they
   can join NAR clubs and we work together for sustainable peace and
   development as we build our nation”. - Benon Kalisa, former youth club
   member and current Youth Club Coordinator

                                  Page 5
                  Overview of 2008 Activities
                               Theatre Activities

                        From March 25th to April 5th, twelve youth from Never
                        Again Rwanda came together to create NAR’s first ever
                        theatre festival. Under the guidance of a Ugandan director,
                        they spent the first week collectively creating a play around
                        the theme of reconciliation and then toured the play around
                        Rwanda. The play called “The Question Mark” was based on
                        a genocide survivor who falls in love with the nephew of a
                        perpetrator amidst a backdrop of economic development in
                        Rwanda. The play encouraged audiences to reflect on reali-
                        ties that continue to haunt the nation, and gave the actors an
opportunity to see the effects of their work. The public response was so positive that
Never Again renewed its efforts to use theatre to meet its aims of peace building.

Never Again forms a partnership with ISOKO
In September 2008, Never Again Rwanda formed a partnership with Isoko: The
Theatre Source. This theatre group’s approach to cultural understanding is to use
both the audience and the actors to stimulate dialogue on social challenges. With
support from NAR, from September 1st to 15th the group toured around Rwanda and
presented the award winning drama “The Monument” by Canadian Colleen Wag-
ner—a story of a young soldier who has been convicted of war crimes committed
during a genocide. The play is a timeless testament to choices of ordinary people in
difficult circumstances as it dissects the roles of victim and perpetrator, and encour-
ages the audience to consider what they would do in such a situation.

       Genocide Prevention and Reconciliation Workshop

This workshop, developed in partnership with Keene State College, USA, took place
from May 19 to May 22 in Kigali in 2008. The workshop encouraged American and
Rwandan students to learn more about human rights, identify human rights problems
around the world, and consider solutions to these problems. Students reflected criti-
cally on the role of cultural differences in peace and conflict, and were helped to de-
velop the knowledge, skills and confidence to raise awareness and take action on
their own. Topics of discussion included the Tutsi genocide of 1994, the definition
of genocide, its causes, the challenges of concrete reconciliation, and the on-going
advocacy process. The workshop ended with each student creating an action plan to
raise awareness and take a stand for peace in their community.

                                   Page 6
Debate Programs: “Encouraging Active Youth Participation
              in the Democratic Process”
                                  As the citizens of a democracy, all Rwandan citi-
                                  zens have the right and privilege to vote. However,
                                  with these rights come an obligation to be well-
                                  informed, and to choose a responsible candidate.
                                  This project aimed to enlighten youth to both their
                                  rights and duties as responsible Rwandan citizens.

                                   Training for Youth Participants, July 7th: A
                                   youth training conference at the Kimisagara Youth
                                   Centre engaged high school representatives from
five districts: Nyarugenge, Kicukiro, Gasabo, Rwamagana and Nyamagabe. Partici-
pants were exposed to techniques and methods of public debate, and techniques for
developing arguments. During the conference, discussions also centred on how fair
and transparent elections could be achieved, and how Rwanda can use its own cul-
ture as a foundation to build its own form of democracy from within. Students ap-
preciated the chance to debate and refine their political views, and described the
overall experience as positive.

Training for Debate Initiators and Moderators, July 11th—13th: On July 11th,
the training for debate initiators and moderators commenced at Rwamagana Centre
AVEGA AGAHOZO. Participants were divided into groups with prior debate ex-
perience, and those without. Special attention was given to how to develop and mod-
erate arguments on sensitive topics. Participants also heard from guest speaker Mr
Munyaneza Charles, the Executive Secretary of the National Electoral Commission,
on the role of voting to counterbalance corruption in the coming legislative elec-
tions. As a result of this training, NAR continues to promote debates as an effective
method of sensitizing youth to the difference they can make in their society.

FPA (Focus, Pressure, Action) Debate Training: With the help of Never Again
Rwanda, and funding from the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), 10
“Focus, Pressure, Action” (FPA) groups have been established. Each FPA group
selected a debate patron, who attended a two day workshop on the techniques and
methods of strong debate. Similar to other debate training sessions, youth were en-
gaged to think critically about a variety of political and economic subjects, and stu-
dents have continued the learning process by instituting weekly FPA meetings to
freely debate different community and democratic issues.

                                  Page 7
              Great Lakes Region Debate Forum 2008
Debates and debate competitions are cur-
rently being used by NAR in Rwanda to
develop critical thinking, research, problem
solving, communication, and teamwork
skills. The goal is for students to better un-
derstand and argue both sides of an issue
by presenting positions, evaluating argu-
ments, and exchanging ideas that connect
rather than divide youth. Debating provides
a form of nonviolent conflict resolution.

Between November 24th—November
29th, 2008, Never Again Rwanda partnered with Vision Jeunesse Nouvelle and Tu-
vuge Twiyubaka for the The Great Lakes Regional Debate Forum. The aim was to
promote peace, tolerance, and mutual understanding through debate with youth from
Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The forum helped to
reinforce similarities and cooperation between youth of different countries, to ad-
dress problems of peace and conflict common to the region.

                                         Participants were divided into groups of six,
                                         plus a co-trainer and a coach. The youth par-
                                         ticipants then spent two days preparing for
                                         the debates, researching the issue and finding
                                         evidence from various resources. Topics of
                                         instruction included conflict theories and
                                         resolution, the relationship between debate,
                                         negotiation, and conflict resolution, the Karl
                                         Popper debate format, and debate preparation.
                                         The youth also engaged in planned group ac-
                                         tivities that included movie night, modern and
                                         traditional dancing, and a trip to Nyanza.

Although there were undeniable logistical challenges throughout the event, NAR is
devoted to learning from and improving the experience for next year, and youth were
widely consulted for recommendations. Overall, however, the youth participants
were engaged, focused, and highly motivated to develop their debate skills. Friend-
ships were established, and many participants expressed a desire to bring debating
back to their home regions.

                                    Page 8
               International Interns and Researchers
This year Never Again Rwanda hosted a number of in-
terns and researchers. Both the interns and researchers
worked with Never Again Rwanda to better understand
the issue of human rights and genocide in Rwanda as well
as further facilitate the work of Never Again.

                                Genocide Ideology
                                Wilma Van Hunnik and
                                Frederieke Stokkers, two
                                graduate students from the Netherlands participated
                                in a three month internship with Never Again
                                Rwanda. The girls chose to examine the presence of
                                genocide ideology in Rwanda and to what degree it
                                has pervaded the environment of young Rwanda.
                                They used a questionnaire distributed in schools to
                                gage the understandings and manifestations of geno-
                                cide ideology in schools. From the data collected
Wilma and Frederieke concluded that in areas with Never Again youth clubs and
where youth are encourage to frequently talk about their differences and discuss the
past, genocide ideology was not a problem.

Education: The Key to Change
Two interns from the United States, Mike Band and Stephanie Samaha worked on
completing a Human Rights Guidebook for use in Never Again Clubs. The guide-
book aims to provide the youth with an easy to understand and interactive way to
learn more about human rights. Sarah Flatto, another intern has been working to
functionalize the already existing “Peacebuilding and Conflict Transformation” cur-

The Importance of Communication
Researcher Jen Osborne from Texas was hosted by
Never Again in July. Jen is investigating the level,
methods, and problems in communication between
Rwandan non-governmental organizations and inter-
national organizations. She will continue her research
in 2009.

                                  Page 9
             Never Again Rwanda Five Year Plan
2009 YEAR
By year’s end, the five staff will be well trained and established in their respective
posts. A rented peace-building centre (PbC) in Kigali is providing space for leaders
from 45 Youth Club (YC) leaders to attend bi-annual training, as well as theatre
training and performances by the growing number of Kigali-based youth clubs, put-
ting into action the theatre techniques training they have received. Video screenings
and seminars by visiting speakers are also taking place in the PbC, and sports and
leisure facilities and a café are drawing young people to use the centre and benefit
from its well-stocked resource library and other educational facilities.

The centre’s computers are used for training, pilot international online discussion
events with overseas groups, and by the growing number of youth contributing to the
newspaper. The curriculum unit on youth participation is boosting YC members’ in-
terest in the five university FPA groups, which are now producing tangible results
and may be inviting NAR YCs to participate in some actions - for example petition-
ing on issues such as Darfur. Curriculum units on dialogue/peace building and media
awareness are in development, on track to be rolled out the following year.

The newspaper team has already delivered a number of basic workshops on media
production and awareness to YCs, increasing the quality of club members’ newspa-
per contributions. Together with the newly-employed, paid newspaper editor, this is
providing sufficiently high quality content to fill and attract advertisers for the scaled
-up A3 newspaper planned for the following year. The youth “Right to Participate”
project working on democratic involvement funded by NED is now established in
Butare. At the same time the “Right to Participate” project focusing on income gen-
eration is up and running in the Northern province. These projects, plus the training
coordinator/facilitator budget from the curriculum project, plus the newspaper editor
based in Butare, means that NAR has a network of at least four field officers sta-
tioned in the various provinces.

The youth clubs are now operating effectively and making good use of the resource
libraries made available at the district level. They are largely self-sufficient for run-
ning costs, are arranging their own smaller scale events at the sector and district lev-
els, and supporting each other with ideas and advice through growing use of email
and the NAR section of the online wiki. Elections are due in NAR’s national deci-
sion-making body, the general assembly, and the results of a constitutional review
process are adopted to streamline decision-making and improve representation of the
YCs. When the 15th anniversary of the genocide takes place in April, the NAR clubs
network is well enough established to hold events to showcase its activities and the
messages from the youths’ drama and reporting, and discussions are beginning to

                                   Page 10
          Never Again Rwanda Five Year Plan
reflect the culture of critical thinking that is developing. The messages from the
youths’ drama and reporting, and discussions are beginning to reflect the culture of
critical thinking that is developing.

2010 YEAR
A priority for the staff team is establishing a plan and preparing a funding proposal
for a full-scale peace-building centre. The rented peace-building centre is well-
established, and lessons learned from its operation are being taken into account in the
plan. By year’s end, the newspaper has been scaled up to A3, and revenues from ad-
vertising are enabling the editorial team to build capacity in the regions with training
and equipment such as digital cameras. Two more curriculum units are rolled out at
bi-annual YC leader trainings, which are now taking place in Kigali and all four
other provinces, reflecting the growing numbers of youth clubs - now approximately
45. The youth participation curriculum together with the experience of the university
FPAs has prepared the ground well and FPAs have been established in several youth
clubs. The yearly drama festival has become an established part of national April
commemorations, and includes a plethora of provincial performances as YC mem-
bers trained in theatre techniques are passing on their knowledge in clubs across the
country. There is now enough capacity to consider other projects at the national
level, such as a national debating competition, a peace cup and a youth summit to
cement some of the international relationships built through continuing online dis-
cussion forums.

By year’s end, construction of the new peace-building centre is nearly complete. Al-
though core funding is due to run out this year, major grants received for the curricu-
lum and youth participation programs include contributions to core funding suffi-
cient to cover the five staff members’ salaries. The newspaper’s funding has run out,
but it is now self-sufficient, covering its costs from advertising revenues and requir-
ing less input from the paid editor as the volunteer editorial team’s expertise has in-
creased substantially. Two more curriculum units have been rolled out, meaning that
Never Again YCs - of which there are now close to 60 around the country - now
have access to a comprehensive six-unit program. The effects of this training on the
youth are now having a visible impact on their communities, and NAR is becoming
known for the quality of its educational program, and for the wide range of activities
that the young people themselves have conceived and organized.

2011 YEAR
By year’s end, construction of the new peace-building centre is nearly complete. Al-
though core funding is due to run out this year, major grants received for the curricu-

                                  Page 11
          Never Again Rwanda Five Year Plan
lum and youth participation programs include contributions to core funding suffi-
cient to cover the five staff members’ salaries. The newspaper’s funding has run out,
but it is now self-sufficient, covering its costs from advertising revenues and requir-
ing less input from the paid editor as the volunteer editorial team’s expertise has in-
creased substantially. Two more curriculum units have been rolled out, meaning that
Never Again YCs - of which there are now close to 60 around the country - now
have access to a comprehensive six-unit program. The effects of this training on the
youth are now having a visible impact on their communities, and NAR is becoming
known for the quality of its educational program, and for the wide range of activities
that the young people themselves have conceived and organized.

2012 YEAR
A key focus of the year is the high-profile opening of the new peace building centre.
It is now hosting major international speakers and film-screenings and is considered
a key place for Rwandan decision-makers to interact with youth - who they are be-
ginning to recognize as a major constituency of politically engaged voters. NAR has
become known as a network of pro-active young people who support human rights
and economic sustainability for all, and who are starting to propose workable solu-
tions for healing the divisions of the past. The centre is also a major resource used by
a range of youth-focused NGOs, and has become a hub of activity for everything
from sports competitions to HIV seminars. It is known as a place where all youth
know they are welcome, where stories are shared, friendships made, and collabora-
tions born. Staff are researching options for smaller premises to become local peace-
building centers in the four provinces outside Kigali. NAR is now run according to
high professional standards, with a team of paid staff, including at least four field
officers, working alongside a host of able and trained volunteers across the country.
There are now close to 100 clubs. The NAR newspaper is now distributed to all sec-
ondary schools in Rwanda, and together with lively national and international online
debates and the yearly drama festival - now drawing international participants - en-
sures that all young people in Rwanda know of Never Again. The organization’s ca-
pacity to implement youth projects successfully means it has little trouble attracting
funding for new programs, and staff and the General Assembly are engaged in a ma-
jor evaluation and planning exercise setting the course for the next five years.

                                  Page 12
                                                                                Financial Statement for 2008 Year

                                                                                          Amount            currency (US   Amount                               Balance
          No.        Project name                                Beneficiary   Duration   funded (Rwf)      $)             spent (Rwf)       Balance(Rwf)       (US $)          Funded by:

                1    Great Lakes Debate Forum                    Youth         2008            20,793,000         38,152        20,800,200          -7,200                -13   Ded/Zfd

                     Training of Rwandan and
                2    Burundian beneficiaries                     Youth         2008             4,065,000          7,459         4,067,350          -2,350                 -4   Ded/Zfd

                     Sensitization of youth to be active citi-
                3    zens on National Legislative Elections.     Youth         2008            25,479,000         46,750        25,480,500          -1,500                 -3   GTZ

Page 13
                     Encouraging Youth Active Participation
                4    in Democratic Process                       Youth         2009            16,350,000         30,000        14,969,492       1,380,508           2,566      NED

                5    Theatre Development                         Youth         2009             9,265,000         17,000         9,265,000                  0              0    DUTCH Embassy

                     Sustainable Peace Tolerance & Equality
                6    Program                                     Youth         2009            11,700,000         21,468         6,306,471       5,393,529           9,896      CORDAID

                                                                                                                                                                                Video Letters
                7    Rencociliatory Project Videoletters         Youth         2008               440,000            807           485,550         -45,550                -84   of Holland

                8    Interns contribution                        NAR           2008               872,000          1,600           872,000                  0              0    Interns

                9    Researchers contribution                    NAR           2008               572,250          1,050           572,250                  0              0    Researchers

                10   Organization Founders Contribution          NAR           2008             1,000,000          1,835         1,000,000                  0              0    Members

                     TOTAL                                                                     90,536,250        166,122        83,816,463       6,717,437          12,358
                                   Our Staff
Dr. Joseph Nkurunziza, Co-Founder and Executive Chairperson
Received a degree in Human Medicine from the National University of Rwanda and
is the Clinical Services Director at Drew Cares International.
Phone: +250 (0)78-830-2821 Email:

Albert Nzamukwereka, Co-Founder and Vice President
Received a Bachelor’s degree in Political History from the National University of
Rwanda and post-graduate training in Media for Peace and Human Rights Advocacy
from Columbia University in the United States. He is the Country Program Director
for Survivor Corps.
Phone: +250 (0)78-830-3168 Email:

Anne Duncan, Programs Director
Supervises staff, interns, and researchers and oversees the daily operations of the or-
ganization. She received a Bachelor’s degree in Anthropology at Santa Clara Uni-
versity and a Master’s Degree in Public Health from the University of California Los
Angeles in the United States. She has over 5 years of experience coordinating youth
Phone: +250 (0)78-342-7820 Email: or

Julius Kwizera, Finance Manager
Is responsible for financial data and reporting. He received his Bachelor’s degree in
Public Administration from the National University of Rwanda.
Phone: + 250 (0)78-842-4994 Email:

Benon Kalisa, Youth Clubs Coordinator
Is a former youth club member that now coordinates and supervises the Never Again
Rwanda Youth Clubs. Currently, he is a student at the Kigali Institute for Manage-
Phone: + 250 (0)78-848-3182 Email:

Sarah Ingabire, Administrative Assistant
Is responsible for daily logistics and book-keeping. She is a student at UNILAK.
Phone: + 250 (0)78-884-9534 Email:

                                  Page 14