Largest city: Glasgow
Official languages: English
Government: Constitutional Monarchy:
Monarch: Queen Elizabeth II
First Minister: Alex Salmond
Scotland is a nation in Northwest Europe and one of the four constituent countries of
the United Kingdom. It occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain and
shares a land border to the south with England. It is bounded by the North Sea to the
east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to
the. Apart from the mainland, Scotland consist of over 790 islands.
Edinburgh the country’s capital and second largest city, is one of the Europe’s largest
financial countries. Scotland’s largest city is Glasgow which centre of the Greater
Glasgow conurbation. Scottish waters consist of a large of the North Atlantic and the
North Sea, containing the largest oil reserves in the European Union.
The Kingdom of Scotland was an independent state until May 1 1707 when the Acts of
Union despite wide spread protest across Scotland, resulted in a Union with the Kingdom
of England to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. Scotland’s legal system to be
separate from those of England Wales, and Northern Ireland; Scotland still constitutes a
discrete jurisdiction in public and in private law. The continued independence of Scots
law, the Scottish education system, and the church of Scotland have all contributed to
the continuation of Scottish culture and Scottish national identity since the union.
However, Scotland is not larger a separate sovereign state and does have independent
membership of either the United Nations of the European Union.
Although the Bank of England is the central bank for the UK, three Scottish clearing
banks still issue their town sterling banknotes the Bank of Scotland; the Royal Bank of
Scotland and the Clyde Sdale Bank. The current value of the Scottish banknotes in
circulation is £ 45 billion. A £ 100 note issued by the Royal Bank of Scotland.
Tourist Destinations In Scotland
Edinburgh: is the capital city and it is widely regarded as one of the most beautiful cities
in Europe. The old e new towns of the city constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Edinburgh Castle: This magnificent is Edinburgh’s top tourist attraction known
throughout the world. The Castle rock has been inhabited since 800 BC and the Great
Castle which grew upon it has become a symbol of Scotland’s nationhood. Guided tours
are available but it cannot be reserved in advance.
Visit the “Honours of the Kingdom” exhibition showing the Scottish crown jewels, the
Stone of Destiny and Mons Meg cannot.
Scotland has a rich heritage of “ancient monuments” archaeological sites, ruins
structures and buildings reflecting the lives of many generations of people who lived
here before us. They include: the settlements, temples, tombs and fonts of the early
inhabitants; the remains of the Roman occupation; the humble dwellings and the great
church buildings of the middles ages; the remains of Scotland’s industrial heritage; and
the defences erected against invasion in 20th century.
For more information about any of these themes, please visit our section on
“understanding monuments”. Some are obvious, some lie hidden below the without
them we cannot understand or teach our children about much of Scotland’s past.
KELVINGROVE MUSEUM (GLASGOW)
Kelvingrove Art Gallery and museum is Glasgow’ s most importrant museum and art
gallery, and was opened in 1901.
Kelvingrove Art Gallery is located on Argyle Street, in the west End of Glasgow, on the
banks of the river Kelvin.
Most of the fonding contents were bequeated by Archibald McLellan.
Kelvingrove has one of the top three collectins of arms and armour in the world, and a
world famous French art collection which went on tour through North America during
In 2001, hundried years after the first opening, plans were mode for a major
refurbishment of the museum called the Kelvingrove New Century Project.
Worcs on the £ 27,9 million started in 2003 and the museum closed for several years to
re-open in julu 2006.
Before the refurbishment the museum acctrrated almost one million visiters evry yerar.
This year the museum already welcomed 1,8 million people and the gallery
management expect to reach hearly 4 million by the end of the first twelve menths.
The special way contribute in which the itens are displayed will certainly contribute to
the large numbers of visiters, making Kelvingrove the most visited museum in the U.K.
The special qualities of Scottish water, the developemant of barley growing industry for
beer and whisky and the distinct trading links with the countryes of the empite, Northern
Europe and Northem America all contribute to a very distinctive Scottish beer heritage.
Scottish ales, were less bitter, more malty than their English equivalents.
There was also a wider rang of alcholic strengths – from relativerly weak beers to slake
the thirts of Scotland’ s growing an idustrial work force all the way through to export
brews which prived a commercial succes worldwide.
The other very distinctive style was lager or blonde beer.
Scotland cought the larger big much earlier than England.
Throgh the modernsing edecadest of the 1960’ s and 70’ s larer’s influence grew among
younger drinkers, especially in Glasgow and the West of scotland.
Today, everly second pint sold in Scotland is lager!!
Even more recently Scotland gas been influenced by the ups downs of traditional cask
ale. Most Scottish ale is dispensed either by carbon dioxide or by a mix of carbon dioxide
Scotland has a distinctiva cusine, often based on very traditionals foods.
Of the many culinary delights on offer, we list some of the more traditional Scottish
foods and drinks below.
For world – wide delivery of every day Scottish food and Scottish food hampers, pleose
visit Scottish Food Overseas.
The Aberdeen – Angus breed of breef cattle are now widely rearedacross the world.
Reknown for their rich and tasty meat, which makes exellent staeks. Good butchers will
still hang and prepare meat in the traditional manner, althought these butchers are rare
these days and the people often complain that even Scotch Beef has lost its taste.
A barley and oat – flour biscuit baked on a gridle.
In a modern times Bannoks are often eaten whit cheese.
There are several traditional recipes and many manufactures in Scotland today.
Black Bun is a very rich fruit cake, made with raisins, currants, finley – chopped peel,
chopped almonds and brown sugar with the addition of cinnam on and ginger.
It takes its name from the very dark colour.
Sports have traditionally been important to the Scots, and we have been influential in
the developm of many.
Scotland’ s national sports is football (Known to some as Soccer) which is played widely
on both a professional and amateur basis.
Most cities and towns have a professional team.
For such a small country we have lad a ramarkable record international competitions
such as the World Cup.
Football has been played in Scotland since at least the 15th Century. It had reched such
popularity with ordinary people that in 1457 on Act of parlament decreet “that the Fute-
ball and the Golfe be utterly cryti doune and not usit”.
Fotball seemed to survive. By 1871 the first international between Scotland and England
was played in Glasgow (the score was 0 - 0).
The followang year the Scottish football club was formed and played the first “old firm”
game against Rongers in 1888, beating them 5 – 0.
Rugby is also an important sport, followed by a large number of people. Only the
amateur game (Rugby Union) is played in Scotland; the professional Rugby League is
played exclusively in Central England.
Scotland ia a major force in international rugby, talking port in the “Five Nations”
Championships (with England, Ireland, Wales and France) and fegulary touring Rugby
ABERDEEN SHOPPING CENTRE
Aberdeen’ s qualllity shopping centres are where you’ ll find all the main high street
brands and more.
The city’ s main shopping centres are detailed below.
Every thing you need for a great dai – or night – out!
From clothes shops to tanning and beauty salons, this is your one stop centre.
Prepare for even more shopping with caffeine boots at costa, or refuel at one of the bars
The gallery shopping centre
One of the city’ s newest centres with scores selling everything from fashion to Formula
You’ ll find many independent retailers here, plus some unusual games.
With Urquhart Castle in the
Loch Ness is a large, deep freshwater loch in the Scottish Highlands extending for
approximately 37 km southwest of Inverness. Its surface is 15.8 metres above sea level.
Loch Ness is best known for the alleged sightings of the legendary Loch Ness Monster,
also known as "Nessie”.
Loch Ness is the second largest Scottish loch by surface area after Loch Lomond at
56.4 km², but due to its great depth is the largest by volume. Its deepest point is
230 m, deeper than the height of London's BT Tower at 189 m and deeper than any
other loch besides Loch Morar. It contains more fresh water than all lakes in England and
Wales combined, and is the largest body of water on the Great Glen geologic fault, which
runs from Inverness in the north to Fort William in the south. The Caledonian Canal,
which links the sea at either end of the fault, uses Loch Ness for part of its route. It is
one of a series of interconnected, murky bodies of water in Scotland; its water visibility
is exceptionally low due to a high peat content in the surrounding soil.
Loch Ness acts as the lower storage reservoir for the Foyers pumped-storage
hydroelectric scheme, which was the first of its kind in United Kingdom. The turbines
were originally used to provide power for a nearby aluminium smelting plant, but now
electricity is generated and supplied to the National Grid.
The only island on Loch Ness is Cherry Island, visible at its southwestern end, near Fort
Augustus. It is a crannog, an artificial island usually dating to the Iron Age.
The Loch Ness Monster is an alleged animal, identified neither as to family or species,
but claimed to inhabit Scotland's Loch Ness, the most voluminous freshwater lake in the
United Kingdom. Its existence is not generally accepted by the mainstream scientific
community. Popular belief and interest in the animal have waxed and waned over the
years since the animal came to the world's attention in 1933. Evidence of its existence is
almost entirely anecdotal, with minimal, and much disputed, photographic material and
sonar readings: despite extensive investigation, there has not been any physical
evidence (skeletal remains, capture of a live animal, definitive tissue samples or spoor)
uncovered as of 2008. Despite the inclusion of "monster" in the animal's common name,
local people, and later many around the world, have affectionately referred to the animal
by the diminutive Nessie since the 1950s.