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  Track :   .
            .   Best Business Practices for Effective Government (ICT4D-ASP, model)        Modi No.2, Sitabuldi
            .   Government-to-Government (G2G) Relationship (Process workflow)
                Government-to-Business Relationships (NGO)
                                                                                           Nagpur-440012
                                                                                           Tel: 00917123281318
                                                                                           Chaurasia_avinash@yahoo.com
                                                                                           Website: www.force3-india.org


            Strategic Paperless Office @ Speed ofThought
Every one wants it, everyone needs it…. Still why can’t we have it ?

Despite explosive growth in the amount of information in circulation, brought about by the “Information
Technology“ revolution, only miniscule is held in electronic form, even in the best of developed countries.
Computers have certainly not yet yielded the paper-less office, despite the high hopes of a decade ago. Simply
because knowledgeable & specialized IT experts gave us “Meta-Data” to work with; whereas users in
government departments worked with documents & files, which got dispensed with rule based processes.

No where user got relevant systems based on document management, file movement, file tracking & rule based
workflow automation systems to work with. Instead the users were given file reference numbers to track the
file. No user in his right senses is interested in the reference numbers. User needs the file & documents in the
file to work with, user needs the information as and when the need arises. It is no use having a system, which
cannot make available the information when it is needed most, & where it is needed most; be it local or remote
desktops, with the same speed & efficiency.

Computers in government offices today, generally remain mere glorified typewriters. Government spending is
mostly on PC hardware acquisition. Lack of awareness of Software technologies & unwillingness to pay for
intellectual properties (invisible software codes), have really wasted Crores of Rupee investments in IT
hardware infrastructure. For example State-wide network of VSAT connected government offices have e-mail
messaging solution deployed, on which emails take fraction of second to arrive at the district HQ from Sate
capital but await its turn for days together for printing, delivery to concerned desk & subsequent processing.
(Simply for want of office specific workflow automation software solution, which could take the mail to its
logical conclusion through office specific, pre-defined workflow)

Each & every government department’s official website mentions “Paperless office” as a distant milestone &
today anybody talking about a “Paperless-Office@Speed-of-Thought” risks being branded as an impractical day
dreamer. However it is possible & what it takes is only administrative will to reform the administrative
processes & abandon our inherent weakness to reinvent the wheel for taking credit of that re-invention.

If only one can start taking pride in putting the existing wheel to creative & constructive use, then having paper
less office will not be a distant dream. Chasing fashionable trends in IT-technologies; for sake of being
different, technologically more aware, etc is another roadblock in having a paperless office. For example Web
based Citizen Grievance redressal mechanism involving cyber-café, kiosk based complaint reporting for non-
functioning public water taps or street lights or Initiatives on Credit card based payment mechanism for digital
library of government rules / regulation etc. are e-Governance solution which may be technologically correct
but out of sync with Indian realities. These are misplaced e-Governance initiatives, technologically advanced,
created for elite few; which ignores the underprivileged majority & their legitimate claims of equality in digital
access too; threatening to seriously widen the digital divide.

Moreover in this world, when nothing today comes for free; anyone chasing freeware software’s for serious
business is fooling none other but himself. It is naïve to expect that without paying for the software, one can
extract optimum value from massive IT-investments. What really is happening, is that the IT hardware
investment is getting wasted as unutilized, under utilized resources in chasing these dreams for “Free“. No one
can afford to do so with his own investments with responsibilities to pay back the investments with institutional
interest, but chasing such illusions with public funds, with no responsibility for Return on investments is always
                                                ............................
August 1, 2010
Page 2
possible. That is what is being termed as “Chasing fashionable trends in IT-Technologies; for sake of being
different”. Thus “Need to reinvent the wheel by each & sundry, mainly to have a piece of glory”; is apparently
the biggest hurdle in having a Paperless office.

Solution Frame Work for Paperless office; If Budget is scarce, why waste it….
Use it productively for real use & not on fashionable trends. Our attempt here is in presenting a “Solution
framework” which is fit for immediate deployment in all government departments & ministries, which is
general purpose, which does away with long duration “System Requirement Studies“, numerous projects review
& eliminates endless wait for Software project deliverables & takes care of IT hardware obsolescence.

Most importantly this frame work is available under Force3 NGO’s non profit initiatives in entire Vidarbha /
Chhattisgarh region for generating IT-Enabled job opportunities for educated, unemployed youths. As a special
case it can also become available to anyone of the participating state (in any one location) for technology
appraisal; provided that the decision about the same comes through at speed of thought with least amount of
official red tape. Moreover it is also similar to e-Mission program ( Department of Administrative Reforms &
public grievances, Government of India sponsored program with outlay of Rs 90 Lacs ) with same Document
Management system & work flow solution…but we are offering even department specific customizations as
well, under Application service provider model.

Further, most importantly our solution framework, allows the government official, freedom to work, the way
they are used to. Mostly the government functionaries work with documents, files & the way they work is
governed by fairly well established rules/regulations which for certain reasons might have become cumbersome
for extracting unfair advantages in some cases or due to lethargy or carelessness on part of concerned; but all
these are due to wrong interpretation of the basic essentials of honest good governance (practices evolved over
such long periods).

As such, one can safely presume that most of the processes are in place & functioning well. Translating those
processes through “IT-Enabled process automation” is as such not a difficult task if one goes about it right, the
first time.

Strategy for Paperless Offices for E-Government:
E-Governance is past;
government-Business Process Automation & government-Business Process Outsourcing is in;

Departmental computerization based on specific department specific functionality focusing on citizen centric
initiatives based e-Governance is past. The present & future belongs to Government business process automation
& government business process outsourcing.

With recruitment ban in all government departments for past few years; availability of trained manpower to deliver
the IT based e-Governance is next to impossible. As such need for outsourced services is the order of the day. Our
proposal is to provide outsourced volunteer services for optimum utilization of IT-Infrastructure on Application
service provider basis against rental / transaction service based payments.

With the proposed solution framework, mostly all departments / ministries will have common thread running /
binding their department specific total E-Governance solution. Information will thus become available all over,
when needed most, on LAN / Internet; scalable to VPN based remote connectivity.

This solution will thus make it possible to have optimum usage of existing IT infrastructure; upgrading them from
being mere glorified Typewriters to real “Computers”.

Moreover helping with the recovery of investments through administrative cost savings, increased efficiency ,
efficient file handling & case disposals, reduced photocopying, communication / reporting costs, Electronic file
archiving & report distribution on e -Mail / CDs.

Force3 Proposes to provide under its NGO initiative of government-BPO application services, the proposed
solution framework for paperless office as a “One stop solution” for all Hardware / Networking / Software
    August 1, 2010
    Page 3
    application service, leveraging on availability of local IT-aware youths by utilizing/ upgrading their skill sets on
    recurring basis.
    Methodology for deployment of Solution Framework:
    Solution framework involves integrated Document management with work flow & form handling systems for
    basically document image processing & paperless output archival & distribution system generically called as
    report management solutions ; COLD to COOL; (Computer Outputs on Laser Disk to Computer Output On-
    Line) . Massive, PC & Network infrastructure is proposed to be supplied on BOT basis as “Application Service
    Provider”. On top of this basic framework specific department specific customizations, existing applications are
    migrated in due course. Maintenance & operational support comes from IT-trained educated unemployed
    youths.
    What? Paperless office!!! If Not now; then when?
    Dramatic reductions in equipment costs over the last few years have made Document Image Processing an
    increasingly attractive solution & ignorance of technology is another stumbling roadblock in paperless office
    environment.
    First step towards paperless office begins with “Document Image Processing” which basically involves two
    major classes of application:
          Document Archival and Retrieval (Simplest of all & more easily understood requirement)
          Document Workflow Automation (Difficult & time consuming but is the one ultimately needed most)

         Document Archive and Retrieval Image Processing is concerned with simply replacing paper storage and
         filing by electronic movement of records. It is most effective under following conditions:
        The volume of information is high.
        Filing space is expensive (e.g. prime office space), yet frequent access to large archives is necessary.
        Multiple accesses to single document are necessary.

    The Document Management System
    The Document Management System offers support for all stages of the document life cycle. Documents may be
    brought into the system by faxing, scanning, emailing, or simply uploading into the cabinet. Therefore, both paper
    and electronic documents are supported. Uploading by FAX allows the liberty to upload documents even when
    Internet access is not available.

                                          Document Management System – The Architecture




         Documents stored physically in              Paper based documents                Scanning station where all
         filing cabinets                                                                  the documents are scanned
                                                                                          using   Batch     Scanning
                                                                                          module

                                                                              E
                                                                              le
                                        Central Image & File                  ct
                                        Server where all the                  r
The images of the scanned               indices of images of                  o
                                                                         Indexing Station where user defined
                                                                              n                                     indices are
documents are stored centrally          the documents are
                                                                        attached to the scanned documents. Batch
                                                                              ic                                    Scanning is
in the OD jukebox.                      stored. During query,                 d
                                                                        used to extract data from scanned images
                                                                              o
                                        retrieval of images is
                                                                              c
                                        faster                                u
                                                                              m
                                                                              e
              ( Fig-1) Remote Users on LAN / WAN or WEB on           Document Management System
                                                                              n
                                                                              ts
August 1, 2010
Page 4


Essentially efficiency is greatly improved by bringing information to the Staff rather than vice versa, for
improved productivity. The costs of photocopying and repeated re-filing are also eliminated. This type of
application is therefore the easiest to cost-justify and can have a very short payback period, and so it makes a
strong business case for itself.

Since the cost of scanning & electronic archiving is added extra, it can get justified with value additions made
possible with instant digital access. Proposed case study for Octroi application is a case to the pointer; wherein
online audit & timely actions can generate extra revenue, prevent foul play & free up storage space.

Document Management system, an integrated approach:
Applications of Document Image Processing are critically reliant upon many technologies other than Image
Processing & 'Document Image Management' or 'Electronic Image Management' more aptly describes the
system in which Image Processing techniques play the most important role in the so-called Document Image
Management Systems.




Paperless offices essentially need the Workflow automation, which adds to it, the capability to interpret
information contained within the documents rather than just storing them. This works well when the following
application constraints are added to those noted for document archive and retrieval:
 Well-established and well-understood administrative procedures exist.
 Information is derived from a variety of sources.
 Processing is multi-stage (i.e. multiple offices / staff are involved) and the transaction time is long.
August 1, 2010
Page 5

                                   Typical Architecture of Work flow Solution




                                                        Fig - 3
What is Workflow ?
A workflow is a sequential/parallel processing of documents. Documents in a workflow can be included to gather
inputs from the various team members. Workflow is a secured flow of documents. All activities are logged and an
audit trail is maintained to keep a record of the processing that occurred along the route. Allowing the setting of
completion dates and triggering alarms in case of default ensures that none of the team members overstep any
deadlines. For well-defined tasks, workflows may be defined to flow along predefined routes while the ad-hoc
processing may be initiated on the flexible routes. Bottlenecks in a process are taken care of by diverting specific
workflows and expediting the others. The tracking of workflows is enabled by a search on the various parameters
associated with the workflow. For instance, one may search on the date of initiation, the current holder, or the
process status attained.

Such applications are much more difficult to set up and justify and generally have a longer payback period
(of the order of 2–3 years). Therefore they are generally restricted to very large IT budget projects.

Essentially these are the areas, which Force3 NGO intends to target for its Paperless office initiatives; basically
presuming that the well-established processes are already in place. Fundamentally believing that the functional
consultants (the administrators) who have administered for so long have managed it well without Information
Technology & they can do better with IT.

Deployment on our SETU-center initiative based on connectivity from Tahsil to District HQ via SDO office is a
case to the pointer wherein Citizen Services could be dispensed at Citizen’s doorstep eliminating the need for
him to travel down to district HQ. Also paperless e-file movement becomes possible from grass root level.
Nearly 76 processes of District Collectorate are identified for implementation out of which certificate / affidavit
making process are fully functional now & remaining processes are under development. It essentially involves
ready to deploy Web based Document Management solution as a framework for Virtual office on the Web
 ( typical architecture as shown in fig-4).
August 1, 2010
Page 6
e-WorkStyle the virtual office on the web ( Web based Document management system )
The virtual office on the Web concept from Newgen software Ltd, called as e-WorkStyle is a means to co-ordinate
with the other team members of the work group on shared cabinet. Schedule meetings, define travel plans, and
maintain an address book in the virtual office. Calendar becomes a shared resource on the cabinet and is made
available to all the members of the workgroup. However particular events can be scheduled and marked for a private
exposure only. The address book allows to designate contacts as private or shared. The import of address book from
existing mail program ensures that one need not have to type in all your addresses again into eWorkstyle virtual
office software. Mails from any POP3 account can be retrieved into eWorkstyle virtual office. New emails could be
composed and reply to the incoming ones given. As with the other documents in eWorkstyle virtual office software,
one does not need the native application onto his machine to view the attachments. All attachments gets displayed
in the browser itself




          ( fig -4 Typical Document Management system on the Web Newgen e-Workstyle)

Ready to deploy, Paperless office solution framework which is being provided acts as a generic, general-purpose
software suite, which is basically an Enterprisewide Document management system with rule based workflow
automation, additionally having data extraction & report archival /distribution & management modules on top of
which government department specific customization gets done in due course with volunteer efforts through local
youths.

The Complete Forms Processing Solution for Paperless government office:
Windows based multi-utility application, is a suite of product for a full-fledged Forms Processing Solution. It is a
scalable solution for data extraction from paper-based forms. For high speed and organized scanning of documents
and forms; OMR is for information capture from filled ovals and rectangles and ICR for recognition of hand-
printed/hand-written alphanumeric and special character data. It also supports technologies like Barcode, MICR and
OCR. It is an affordable, flexible, product for enterprises that have to cater to voluminous document capture and
extraction requirements.

It plays a mission-critical role in automating extraction of business information from simple to complex forms. It
also serves the need of an enterprise-wide Document Management Enabler that provides production level
management of document capture, indexing and voluminous backlog conversion. Wide usage of this product can be
August 1, 2010
Page 7
made on the Data Services industry where government need Data Entry done from manual records with scanning
assisted data entry considerable savings could be realized.

                       .COLD or COOL solutions for Paperless working in government offices

COLD (Computer Output on Laser Disk) or COOL (Computer Output on-line) Solutions for report mining

               Report Archival and Distribution
                                                             The Process ….
      Report Generation Systems

        Loan System

        Banking System
                             Input System            Layout Definition            Compression & Storage           Client
        AT MSystem
                                AFP / ASCII            Format of the report           Building Indexes &
                          (txt, prn, spool files)      is defined                     storing in           Easy to use
                                                                                      compressed form      Query tool       Sear ch



                                                                     Other opti ons                                          Display




                                                                  Directly

                                                                  view t he
                                                                  searched
                                                                  page                                                   Result of
                                                                                                                         search criteria

                         Report Page                        Quer y Area
         Notes Ar ea
                                        Available Reports


Report Mining:
Hybrid system for combining data mining and report making, whereby traditional business reports are mined for
data.

COLD or COOL, either way, it’s a technology that provides for the storage or retrieval of computer generated
reports/files. COLD is the “technique for the transfer of computer-generated output to optical disk, such that it can
be viewed or printed without use of the original program”. A COLD system consists of software and hardware to
store and index Computer output on optical media. COLD systems generally use WORM technology (write once,
read many). Due to Large storage capacity on CD-Recordable media, many COLD vendors favors CD-R as a cheap
Storage media.By switching to a COLD system COM (computer output to microfilm) and paper systems can be
eliminated resulting in substantial savings. Two advantages of COLD over the other systems are the ability to access
information directly from the desktop and the ability to quickly index and cross reference data for easier retrieval.

COLD and imaging technology serve 2 different functions and can be used jointly to complement one another.
COLD systems can store between 1 million and 2 million pages of compressed data per disk, compared to the
40,000 – 60,000 pages per disk for most imaging systems because they store data and not scanned images.

ICT4D : Importance of Government’s Local Money Spending on Force3 Initiatives:

Money spending by government on IT projects can have a chain effect for all round IT development of the region
provided most of it is spent locally or as little as possible gets spent outside. IT majors are most reluctant to move
out of the cozy confines of Banglore, Hyderabad, Noida, Mumbai & Pune. They need to be told to set up shops
locally & undertake most of development locally or preferential priority treatment should be given to those who
ensure, maximum local money spending.
August 1, 2010
Page 8
On a Rs 10 Crore worth project with application software development worth Rs 2.5 Crore, undertaken in Central
India, 5 Developers worked in Calcutta, 5 supervisory staff worked in the concerned state & rest all about 40
developers worked in Hyderabad. It is worth noting that the concerned state churns out 2000 plus IT students every
year, some of which had even queued up for getting ration shop licenses for want of job opportunities locally.

Please note that the force3 is making available comprehensive software suite which are in great demand with several
prominent BPO operators such as PCS / Wipro Spectramind / Transworks / EXL / Satyam-Nipuna etc. Same tools
are being used by Citi Bank for their 600 seat , 29 countries related 24x7 BPO transactions. A same tool have been
used since 2000 by Eastern Naval command for file handling & workflow automation, Ministry of Environment &
forest, Comptroller & Auditor General of India & is also being used on e-Mission for paperless government office
initiative in India.

Concluding Note :

With the “Paperless Office - Solution frame work”, in place to provide a generic, ready to deploy
common application for each & every government department then what remains is the ultimate wish list
of any CIO – One PC per employee or one PC for every two employee.

Considering the high cost of computer infrastructure, it makes sense to take it on 3 years renewable to 5
year rental contacts with guaranteed refurbishment after 3 years period. This eliminates the need for the
AMC & frees up the capital expenditure to more productive revenue expenditure. Such PC rental
contracts are possible with Force3 NGO.

Force3 aims at creating such deployments on creating Server farms / Storage farms to provide the
Paperless office enablers on application service provider “ BOT “ business model for all round IT
enabled development in the local region for ensuring employment & overall economic growth.

References: Newgen software Ltd Marketing collaterals, product brochures…

Brief profile of author : Avinash Chaurasia

Current passion : NGO Activism for ICT4D to create job opportunities &
                         IT enabled development in Central India as President Force3-NGO
Current profession : International trade / Marketing professional…IT software development..

Educational Qualification: BE (1980) MBA (1982), MCDBA (2002), ME (Power system-Partial)
Work experience: since 1988 worked at Pune, sultanate of Oman, New -Delhi, Nagpur…
                       Widely travelled to more than 16 countries for business… varied international
                       business exposure

				
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