Apa Annotated Bibliography Format Templates - PowerPoint

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					 Assembling Your LA and KAM:
The Nuts and Bolts of Formatting

      With Heidi Marshall, MFA
          Writing Specialist
          Session Outline
•   Overview of LA
•   Overview of KAM
•   LA & KAM formatting
•   Common mistakes to avoid
•   Resources available
•   Questions
             Purpose of LA

LA: Contract in which you indicate the
subject area objectives, resources, and
demonstration of mastery for your KAM.
            Overview of LA
• The LA summarizes your main objectives
  for each section
• The LA identifies the sources you will use
  in each section
• The LA acts as a contract between you
  and your mentor
  – That does not mean, however, that you can’t
    deviate from that contract once you start
    writing your KAM
   LA Components: Overview
• Provides an overview of the KAM
• The overview should be 1-3 paragraphs
  (usually less than a page)
• The overview is just a general summary of
  your goals for each section
• The overview should be grounded in the
  curriculum guidelines for that particular
    LA Components: Objectives
• The objectives for each section should be specific

  Say this: Analyze the social change theories of Marx, Blumer, Durkheim, and Toffler in terms of
  their underlying assumptions about human nature and destiny.
  Not this: Analyze several social change theories.

• The objectives should demonstrate what you have learned, not
  what you hope to understand

  Say this: Differentiate between open and closed systems in terms of organization, purpose, and
  Not this: Understand the difference between open and closed systems.

• The objectives should demonstrate higher order thinking.
  Use verbs like synthesize, compare and contrast, analyze, integrate, evaluate
  Do not use verbs like list, understand, identify
  LA Components: References
• References need to be scholarly
• Have as many primary sources as
  possible (don’t read about Freud in
• Include only those references you can
  access and will read
• Follow APA style rules
     Questions About the LA?
• For questions about content, ask a faculty
            Purpose of KAM
• A KAM is a comprehensive, independent
  unit of study in a social science area.
• A KAM is a demonstration.

So what are you demonstrating?
 -Your knowledge about a topic that interests you
 -That you know what you are talking about and
 that it matters to your audience
            KAM Overview
A KAM is a paper about 90 pages long

You first write what you know about theory
You then write about recent scholarly
You then apply that research to a real-life
       What is the purpose?
• To develop your independent research
  skills and confidence so that you can meet
  your personal and professional interests
  and goals.
• To help you understand how you can
  contribute to social change at some level
  in your profession.
• To allow you to demonstrate your
  ability to connect theory, research, and
             Organizing a KAM Breadth
• Select the texts you will use
• Take notes and organize them into
  themes that interest you.
*Note: You do not always need to read an entire book, but you do want to have
   a good enough understanding of the theories so you do not take anything
   out of context

• Make an outline based on your
*Try not to organize by theorists because you’ll end up with a Breadth that
   reads like a biography or book report
Breadth Organization, continued
In the Breadth, you should:
• Indicate the section’s purpose
• Present a critical discussion of theories
• Critique the theories and methods used to form
• Synthesize the theories
• Evaluate the theories
• Provide a preview of the Depth: How the
  theories might inform current research
               Organizing KAM Depth

First, conduct preliminary research and
  narrow your search down to at least 15
  articles on a your topic.
•   Accuracy: Is the information error free?
•   Authority: Who is supplying the information and are they qualified to do
•   Objectivity: Is the information bias free?
•   Currency: Is the currency of the information appropriate for your field or
•   Coverage: Are all aspects and details of the subject covered?

Your task is NOT to just summarize each
 one; you must conduct a critical analysis.
    Once you Have your Top 15
• Was the research question well framed and significant?
• How well was the research related to the existing body of
• Did the article make an original contribution to the existing body of
• Was the theoretical framework for the study appropriate?
• Has the researcher communicated clearly and fully?
• Was the research method appropriate?
• How else might answer the research question?
• Was the sample size sufficient?
• Were there adequate controls for researcher bias?
• Is the research replicable?
• What were the limitations in this study?
• How easily can you generalize the findings?
• Are the conclusions justified by the results?
             Take Notes!!!

While reading, make sure that you're taking
 notes on what interests you.

Be sure to include a citation for your notes
 so you don’t have to go back later and
 look it up. (Author, year, p. x)
Write the Annotated Bibliography
• Includes at least 15 articles that are no more
  than 5 years old (aim for no more than 3
• Begin with the full APA reference followed
 -a summary
 -a critical analysis (use those questions that guided you
 through your research
 -a statement of value (how will this article help you?)
      Write a Critical Review Essay
•   Take the birds-eye view
•   Try to organize thematically or methodologically
•   Compare and contrast purpose statements
•   Indicate strengths and limitations in research
•   Construct trends or recurring issues
•   Speak to the relationships among studies
•   State the relationship of the articles to your
    interests or area of inquiry
•   Note where there are gaps in the literature (this
    could be a dissertation topic)
    Organizing an Application

In the Application, you will be designing or
examining a particular project that
connects with the theories and research of
the earlier components of the KAM.
– Your goal is to initiate social change in your
  field based on what you learned in the
  Breadth and Depth
– You want to test the theories you learned in a
  real-life situation
          Application Breakdown
• Begin with a full description of your project
   –   What was the project’s purpose?
   –   Who was involved in the project?
   –   Was the project successful?
   –   Why was the project important?

• Reflect on the project
   – How was the project informed by the theories?
      • This is where you connect the entire KAM
   – What are the future implications of/developments for the project?
   – How will the project help change your professional field?
                                                                                                            Learning Agreement

                                                                                                            Title Page-Identification-KAM
       Develop a practical Application that is reflective
                                                                                                            number, title, your name)
       of your theory and research
       Create a project that shows you can translate
       theory and research into practice
       •Explains how the project connects with the
       theory and/or research analyzed in the earlier             Application                                  Demonstration of Mastery
       parts of the KAM
     Select a topic that grows out of the theories
                                                                                                               Demonstration of Mastery
     or theorists of the Breadth section.
     Explore current research around that topic
                                                                     Depth                                     References
     Journals should be peer reviewed or
                                                                                                               Demonstration of Mastery

     Books may supplement and aren’t

     Research from last 3 - 5 years.

     Write Literature Review Project on Findings
     of Research

Classical or Contemporary Theorists
•Select theorists around a particular
•Write an essay to develop the theme
•Demonstrate higher-order thinking          Three Tiered KAM Model1

                                         1Shepard, M. (2007, May). Mentoring the KAM process. (Available to Walden
                                            Faculty from Walden University). Adapted from slide originally created by Joe
                                            Ann Hinrichs.
Questions about the KAM?
LA and KAM Formatting
       Check the KAM Guide and
           Templates Often

Formatting guidelines might change slightly over
time to make KAMs easier to compile, so use the
online versions of the Guidebook and Template as
your sources for information!
        Check Your Document

Make sure you’re using:
• 12 point, serif font (Walden prefers Times
  New Roman)
• 1-inch margins all around
• No bold or underlined text with the
  exception of Level 1, 2, 3, and 4 headings,
  which are bold
• American English language
       Template Review: LA
• http://writingcenter.waldenu.edu/393.htm
      Template Review: KAM
• http://writingcenter.waldenu.edu/395.htm
 Most Common Writing Mistake

Wordiness (i.e., trying to sound smart)!

While scholarly writing has style conventions, it does not
 have to be wordy, stuffy, or dispassionate. You
 should avoid colloquialisms and slang, but do not strive
 to sound academic. Sentences should not be long
 and complex. Your convictions about what you are
 writing, dynamic evidence, and honest voice should not
 be lost in tedium. Crispness, curiosity, honesty, and
 enthusiasm are ingredients of impassioned scholarship
  (KAM Guidebook, p. 36).
      Other Common Mistakes
• Students don’t see the KAM as a whole document
• Students self-format at the end of the process
• Students don’t keep track of sources
• Students don’t use Walden resources
• Students don’t use information from their LAs in
  compiling their KAMs
• Students become overwhelmed by not focusing on
  one task at a time
          Use Format Help!

• Templates:

• MS Word Formatting:
          Helpful Web Sites

• KAM:
• LA:

• KAM Curriculum and Resources:
  Writing/Research Resources

• Walden Writing Center:

• Library Resources:

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