Essential Facts About Rhinos essential medicine by benbenzhou


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									    10 Essential Facts
       About Rhinos

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Saving Rhinos LLC | PO Box 750144 | Petaluma, CA 94975-0144 | 707.765.9999 | |
         Rhinos have the unfortunate distinction
                   of being one of the
            most endangered animals on earth.

Over the last 30 years, the world’s rhinoceros population has declined by over 90% - and if not for 100
years of dedicated conservation efforts, it is likely that all rhinoceros species would already be extinct.

But those efforts are now at risk. The illegal trade in rhino horn has risen sharply over the last few years
as purchasing power in Asian countries where rhino horn is prized as a “medicine” has grown to an
unprecedented level. Education about the endangered species black market is desperately needed.

To help raise public awareness about rhinos and the dangers they are facing, here are 10 essential
facts about rhinos for you to enjoy - and share.

                                Thank you for helping me help rhinos.

                                           - Rhishja Larson
            There are five species of rhinoceros.

        African Rhino Species Asian Rhino Species

            Black rhino, Diceros
            White rhino,
            Ceratotherium simum


                                       Greater one-horned
                                       (Indian) rhino,
                                       Rhinoceros unicornis
                                       Sumatran rhino,
                                       Dicerorhinus sumatrensis
                                       Javan rhino, Rhinoceros

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            The white rhino and greater one-horned rhino
            weigh about 4,000 - 6,000 pounds, stand roughly
            6 feet high at the shoulder, and are 12 - 15 feet in
            length. These two rhino species are the second

            largest land mammals after the elephant.

            The smallest rhino species is the Sumatran rhino,

            standing just 3 - 5 feet at the shoulder. The black
            rhino weighs in at 1,750 - 3,000 pounds, standing
            about 5 feet at the shoulder, and reaching 10 - 12
            feet in length. The Javan rhino weighs about 2,000
            - 5,000 pounds, stands 5 - 5.5 feet at the shoulder,
            and reaches 11.5 feet in length. The Vietnamese
            subspecies of Javan rhino is smaller - about the size
            of the Sumatran rhino.

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Fact    3   Despite their large size, rhinos are fast
            and agile: They can run 30 mph for short
            distances and turn on a dime.

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    Shankar Chaudhary/NTNC                   International Rhino Foundation

                        Scientific testing has confirmed that rhino horn
                        is NOT medicine.

Fact    4               Commercial poaching poses the greatest threat to
                        rhinos today. This despicable crime is driven by the
                        insatiable demand for rhino horn combined with the
                        growing purchasing power in Eastern Asia.

                        Unfortunate superstitions throughout the region
                        attribute medicinal properties to the rhino’s horn.
                        In China, illegal rhino horn is manufactured into
                        “medicine” and sold as a “remedy” for pain, fever,
                        acne, laryngitis, and more.

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            The front horn of the African rhino species
            can reach over 4 feet in length, while the Asian

            rhino species have smaller horns, typically

Rhino       less than two feet in length.

            The horn is comprised of keratin, the same material

Fact        as hair and fingernails, and can be removed without
            harming the rhino (it grows back).

            At some rhino sanctuaries, the horns are removed
            in an effort to protect the rhinos from being killed
            for their horns.

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            Rhinos have three toes on each foot.

Rhino       Although rhinos - along with hippos and elephants
            - are referred to as pachyderms, rhinos are actually

Fact        more closely related to tapirs and horses.

            Rhinos, tapirs, and horses are found in the order
            Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates).

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            A group of rhinos is called a “crash”.

            A crash of white rhinos, greater one-horned
            rhinos, and black rhinos typically consists of
            females, calves and perhaps subadult offspring.

Fact        Javan and Sumatran rhinos are thought to remain
            solitary, except when a female is caring for a calf.
            Male rhinos of all species are generally loners;
            however, territories may overlap.

                               Photo credit: PARC/Nepal

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            Rhinos are intelligent.

            Rhinos living in zoos require plenty of mental

            stimulation for good health. Captive rhinos are
            trained using treats and clickers to understand
            several commands, so that keepers and vets can

            perform thorough health examinations - especially
            the sensitive feet. Rhinos also learn their names,
            and most of them enjoy human attention, such as
            a good scratch.

            Captive rhinos have even learned to paint and
            play fetch.

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            Two subspecies of rhino have fewer than
            10 individuals surviving. Two additional
            subspecies consist of fewer than 100 rhinos.

            Just eight Northern white rhinos (Ceratotherium
            simum cottoni) are left in the world. The Vietnamese
            subspecies (Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus)

            of the Javan rhino has a population of perhaps five
            or six wild rhinos. The most numerous Javan rhino
            subspecies (Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus)
            consists of about 60 wild rhinos. It is believed there
            are only about 50 Borneo rhinos (Dicerorhinus
            sumatrensis harrissoni) still surviving.

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         Status and populations of the living
         rhino species (2009):

Rhino    •   Critically Endangered Javan Rhino:
             Less than 70
         •   Critically Endangered Sumatran

             Rhino: Approx. 200
         •   Critically Endangered Black Rhino:
             About 4,200
         •   Vulnerable Greater One-Horned
             (Indian) Rhino: Approx. 2,800
         •   Near Threatened Southern White
             Rhino: Approx. 17,500

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HowYOU can help                                               RHINOS
Please take a few moments to help raise public awareness about rhino conservation.

You can share information about the illegal rhino horn trade using social media tools such as blogs, Twitter,
Facebook®, Digg™ and more: Online “buzz” can sometimes lead to increased media coverage.

Saving Rhinos provides articles, web content, and printable communication materials that are easy to share.

              Learn more at &
       Thank you for helping me share this urgent message: Rhino horn is NOT medicine.

                                                  - Rhishja Larson

Contact: Saving Rhinos LLC                                                                         s av in g
PO Box 750144 | Petaluma, CA 94975-0144                                                            r h in o s
707.765.9999 | |                                            .org

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