The Rise of Japanese Militarism by lse16211


									The Rise of Japanese Militarism

        A WH1 Presentation
           by Mr. Hess
           Problems After WWI
1. Rapid population growth
• 35 million people lived in Japan in 1872; nearly 60
   million in 1925.
• Since Japan was an island nation, land was limited.
2. Raw materials
• Japan had industrialized rapidly, but had very few
   resources needed for manufacturing.
      Problems After WWI, cont.
3. Scarce farmland
• Land was continually subdivided among farmers,
   many of whom gave up and became factory workers.
4. Limited democracy
• Political power belonged to the nobles and urban
• The emperor was backed by military leaders who
   opposed democratic reforms.
         The Great Depression
• Because, Japan depended so much on
  international trade, millions of Japanese
  became unemployed as industries were hurt
  by a worldwide fall in prices.
• Desperation caused many Japanese to look to
  the nation’s military leadership, who opposed
  foreign countries’ tariff and immigration
• Military leaders
  invaded and
  conquered Manchuria
  in 1931 without
  government approval.
• When the League of
  Nations ordered Japan
  to withdraw, Japan
  quit the League.
              Militarism, cont.
• An armed takeover of the
  government by the
  military failed in 1936.
• By 1937, the government
  and the army essentially
• Emperor Hirohito
  remained in office, but
  was afraid to jeopardize
  his position by opposing
  the military.
                   World War II
• Japan needed China’s
  ports in order to take over
  the oil reserves of the East
• Japan began WWII in Asia
  by invading China in 1937
  and capturing many of the
  major cities.
• Japan continued to fight
  for control of China
  throughout the war.
           World War II, cont.
• When Japan
  continued to expand
  into Southeast Asia,
  the US made its
  opposition clear by
  means of an embargo
  on scrap iron and oil.
• Japan retaliated by
  bombing Pearl Harbor.
           World War II, cont.
• Japan soon lost power
  in the Pacific due to
  the Allies’ strategy of
  “island hopping.”
• Finally, the atomic
  bombing of Hiroshima
  and Nagasaki led
  Japan to surrender.

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