Adaptation to Climate Change
Actions in Mongolia
18-19 May 2007
1993 – Ratification of the UNFCCC (signed in 1992)
2000 - National Action Programme on Climate Change:
Priorities and integration of CC concerns into other national and sectoral development plans
Measures, actions and strategies for GHG mitigation and CC adaptation
2001 - Initial National Communication (INC) under the UNFCCC:
It includes national GHG inventories, policies and strategies on adaptation to climate change and
reduction of greenhouse gases;
It reflects some country-specific circumstances and climate change concerns.
2006 - Potential Impacts of Climate Change & Evaluation of Adaptation
Measures for Livestock Sector:
• Main aim: to stretch out the potential impacts of climate change upon the natural environment and
upon the livestock sector, which is the major economic activity of Mongolia.
• The results of this project will be direct input to the preparation on the Second National
National GHG Inventory
(Initial National Communication -2001)
The Mongolian GHG inventories follow the IPCC
1996 Guidelines. Emissions included are: CO2, CH4,
N20, NOx, CO.
Identification of GHG emission trend
Indication of emission by sources
Characterization of Climate Change in
Temperature in Mongolia has increased
by 1.80C since 1940.
The occurrence of natural disasters like
extreme hot and cold weather, drought,
dzud, flood and sand storms in
Mongolia has increased.
Melting of high mountain glaciers has
Heat wave duration
Permafrost is degrading intensively.
Ground water table is decreasing in
arid regions, and degradation and
desertification of the land due to
shortage of water and precipitation
have been intensifying.
Achievements to date
Data collection and management has improved
National information exchange network established
A multi-disciplinary team of scientists has been
Permanent climate-animal observation site
CC Impact Assessment
Source: Potential Impacts of Climate Change & Evaluation of Adaptation
Measures for Livestock Sector (2006)
Natural environmental impacts: CC impact on natural
zone, water resources, snow cover and permafrost
Ecological and economic impacts: pasture, livestock
See full documentation for more details
Vulnerability to CC
Focus on climate extremes of drought and dzud
Recently proposed adaptation measures for
(Potential Impacts of Climate Change & Evaluation
of Adaptation Measures for Livestock Sector - 2006)
Conserving the natural resources
Strengthening animal productivity
Enhancing capacities and livelihood opportunities of rural communities
Increasing food security and supply
Improving understanding of climate extremes and forecasting
Main actions to be taken to address:
(a) gradual long-term changes (degradation of quantity and quality of pasture);
(b) changes in the frequency and intensity of extreme events (drought and dzud).
However there are problems that may impede the implementation of these
Need for further action (2006)
To implement the proposed adaptation measures it is
necessary to address the following problems:
Institutional: no coordination of sectoral actions and no clear definition of
Financial: lack of financial resources for initial investments would limit the
implementation of the measures.
Technical: lack of appropriate technologies and know-how
Legislative: the legal, regulatory and standardization framework for pasture use is
inadequate to effectively implement some of the adaptation measures.
Introduction of the market economy in Mongolia.
The development of an adaptation strategy goes through the following steps:
Assessment of past and present climate change
Identification of more vulnerable areas and sectors
Assessment of potential impacts
Identification of possible adaptation options
Identification of the constraints
And now on the basis of this analysis we should be able to:
Formulate alternative strategies
Develop implementation strategies