Adaptation to Climate Change Actions in Mongolia by pjx18257


									Adaptation to Climate Change
    Actions in Mongolia

        Adaptation Workshop
           IFAD, Rome
          18-19 May 2007
                      Overall framework
   1993 – Ratification of the UNFCCC (signed in 1992)

   2000 - National Action Programme on Climate Change:
       Priorities and integration of CC concerns into other national and sectoral development plans
       Measures, actions and strategies for GHG mitigation and CC adaptation

   2001 - Initial National Communication (INC) under the UNFCCC:
       It includes national GHG inventories, policies and strategies on adaptation to climate change and
        reduction of greenhouse gases;
       It reflects some country-specific circumstances and climate change concerns.

   2006 - Potential Impacts of Climate Change & Evaluation of Adaptation
    Measures for Livestock Sector:
    •   Main aim: to stretch out the potential impacts of climate change upon the natural environment and
        upon the livestock sector, which is the major economic activity of Mongolia.
    •   The results of this project will be direct input to the preparation on the Second National
                      National GHG Inventory
                            (Initial National Communication -2001)

   The Mongolian GHG inventories follow the IPCC
    1996 Guidelines. Emissions included are: CO2, CH4,
    N20, NOx, CO.

   Identification of GHG emission trend

   Indication of emission by sources

                                           CO2                       CH4
    Characterization of Climate Change in
                Mongolia (2006)
   Temperature in Mongolia has increased
    by 1.80C since 1940.
   The occurrence of natural disasters like
    extreme hot and cold weather, drought,
    dzud, flood and sand storms in
    Mongolia has increased.
   Melting of high mountain glaciers has
                                               Heat wave duration
   Permafrost is degrading intensively.

   Ground water table is decreasing in
    arid regions, and degradation and
    desertification of the land due to
    shortage of water and precipitation
    have been intensifying.
          Achievements to date

 Data collection and management has improved
 National information exchange network established

 A multi-disciplinary team of scientists has been
 Permanent climate-animal observation site
            CC Impact Assessment
Source: Potential Impacts of Climate Change & Evaluation of Adaptation
   Measures for Livestock Sector (2006)

   Natural environmental impacts: CC impact on natural
    zone, water resources, snow cover and permafrost
   Ecological and economic impacts: pasture, livestock

See full documentation for more details
       Vulnerability to CC
Focus on climate extremes of drought and dzud
    Recently proposed adaptation measures for
                 livestock sector
                      (Potential Impacts of Climate Change & Evaluation
                      of Adaptation Measures for Livestock Sector - 2006)

   Focus on:
      Conserving the natural resources
      Strengthening animal productivity
      Enhancing capacities and livelihood opportunities of rural communities
      Increasing food security and supply
      Improving understanding of climate extremes and forecasting

   Main actions to be taken to address:
     (a) gradual long-term changes (degradation of quantity and quality of pasture);
     (b) changes in the frequency and intensity of extreme events (drought and dzud).

However there are problems that may impede the implementation of these
                Need for further action (2006)

    To implement the proposed adaptation measures it is
     necessary to address the following problems:

   Institutional: no coordination of sectoral actions and no clear definition of
   Financial: lack of financial resources for initial investments would limit the
    implementation of the measures.
   Technical: lack of appropriate technologies and know-how
   Legislative: the legal, regulatory and standardization framework for pasture use is
    inadequate to effectively implement some of the adaptation measures.

Other problems:
 Organizational constraints.
 Introduction of the market economy in Mongolia.

The development of an adaptation strategy goes through the following steps:
 Assessment of past and present climate change

 Identification of more vulnerable areas and sectors

 Assessment of potential impacts

 Identification of possible adaptation options

 Identification of the constraints

And now on the basis of this analysis we should be able to:
 Formulate alternative strategies

 Develop implementation strategies

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