Hippocampus sindonis Jordan and Snyder 1902

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Hippocampus sindonis Jordan and Snyder 1902 Powered By Docstoc
					Order Gasterosteiformes / Family Syngnathidae                                      CITES Appendix II

Hippocampus sindonis                                               Jordan and Snyder 1902

Common names
Shiho’s seahorse; enshûtatsu (Japanese; Japan)

Synonyms
None known




Description
Maximum recorded adult height: 8 cm2
Trunk rings: 10
Tail rings: 37 (36–38)
HL/SnL: 3.0 (2.8–3.3)
Rings supporting dorsal fin: 2 trunk rings and 1 tail ring
Dorsal fin rays: 12 (11–15)
Pectoral fin rays: 12 (12–14)
Coronet: Medium height, well-developed, angular
Spines: Well-developed, blunt-tipped, irregular
Other distinctive characteristics: Angular deep body; slight keel; prominent double eye spine (front
spine shorter than back one); prominent, round-tipped single cheek spine
Colour/pattern: May be mottled

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Order Gasterosteiformes / Family Syngnathidae                                    CITES Appendix II

Confirmed distribution
Japan

Suspected distribution
No other locations suspected




Habitat
Unknown

Life history
Unknown

Trade
Not known in international trade

Conservation status
The entire genus Hippocampus is listed in Appendix II of CITES, effective May 20041. H. sindonis is
listed as Data Deficient by IUCN13

Similar species
• H. coronatus has more tail rings; a higher and narrower coronet, turned back at the top; and
   wing-like projections bordering the dorsal fin base
• H. mohnikei has 11 trunk rings and more tail rings; a relatively smooth body; double (low) cheek
   spines; and a coronet not significantly raised above the arch of the neck

Other notes
• This species has often been misidentified as H. coronatus or H. mohnikei




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