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Education In Japan ----English Education by zme54159


									Education In Japan
        ----English Education
Welcome …….
 The following presentation Education
  in Japan will give you a general idea
  about the education development in
  Japan and its current situation.
 Middle school and high school
  students who are interested in Japan
  are encouraged to take a look of the
  exotic evolution.
Education in Japan is well-known:

 well-maintained educational system
  and excellent achievement.
 Japanese children consistently rank at
  or near the top in successive
  international tests of most
Who is in charge of education?
 Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports,
  Science and Technology (MEXT) is
  responsible for comprehensive
  educational administration of Japan.
  MEXT is led by a minister, who is a
  member of the Cabinet and is chosen
  by the Prime Minister.
 Take a look at MEXT!
History on Education:
 Formal education in Japan began with
  the adoption of Chinese culture in the
  6th century.
 Buddhist and Confucian teachings as
  well as sciences, calligraphy,
  divination and literature were taught.
 Scholar officials were chosen through
  an Imperial examination system.
What is power? Martial Arts?
 The rise of the bushi, the military
  class, during the Kamakura period
  ended the influence of scholar officials

 but Buddhist monasteries remained
  influential centers of learning.
Or economy, or knowledge?
 During the Edo period (1603-1867),
  the Samurai elite were educated not
  only in military strategy and the
  martial arts, but also agriculture and
 Likewise, the wealthy merchant class
  needed education for their daily
  business, and their wealth allowed
  them to be patrons of arts and
Is education always needed?
 Temple schools educated peasants,
 as estimated that at the end of the
  Edo period 50% of the male and 20%
  of the female population possessed
  some degree of literacy.
 Even though Japan was isolated from
  foreign contact, books still imported
  from China and Europe.
Isolation or communication?
 Adoption of western learning was seen
  as a way to make Japan a strong,
  modern nation after Meijin Restoration.
 Students and even high-ranking
  government officials were sent abroad
  to study.
 Foreign scholars were invited to teach at
  newly founded universities and military
Development in long-running or
 Compulsory education was
 Around 1890, only 20 years after
  the country was opened, Japan
  started to send most of the
  foreigners home.
Education, war and reformation!
 The rise of militarism led to the use of the
  education system to prepare the nation for
 The military even sent its own teachers to
 After the defeat in World War II, the allied
  occupation government set an education
  reform as one of its primary goals, to
  eradicate militarist teachings and
  "democratize" Japan.
What is the momentum of world
 The end of the 1960s were a time of
  student protests around the world, and
  Japan has no exception.
 A number of reforms were carried out in
  the post-war period until today.
 They aimed at easing the burden of
  entrance examinations, promoting
  internationalization and information
  technologies, diversifying education and
  supporting lifelong learning.
Diagram of Education Phases
   Kindergarten and Nursery school
   Elementary school
   Junior high school
   High school
   Universities and colleges
Education involves in family,
society and the world!
 Early childhood education begins at
 Numerous books and TV shows help
  mothers to preschool children to
  educate their children, and to
  "parenting" more effectively.
Who are children’s first and forever
 Much of the home training is devoted
  to teaching manners, proper social
  behavior, and structured game,
  verbal and number skills are also
  popular themes.
 Parents are strongly committed to
  early education and frequently enroll
  their children in preschools.
Who teaches and run the business
of preschools?
 Preschools (yochien 幼稚園),
  predominantly staffed by young
  female junior college graduates,
 are supervised by the Ministry of
  Education, but are not part of the
  official education system.
 The majority of preschools are private.
Day-care center:
 A well-developed system of government-
  supervised day-care centers (hoikuen 保育
  園), supervised by the Ministry of Labor, is
  another important provider of preschool
 Together, these two kinds of institutions
  enroll well over 90 percent of all
  preschoolage children prior to their
  entrance into the first grade.
What might be taught in the phase:
 The Ministry of Education's 1990
  Course of Study for Preschools, which
  applies to both kinds of institutions,
  covers such areas as human
  relationships, environment, words
  (language), and expression.
Elementary school
 More than 99% of children are
  enrolled in elementary school.
 All children enter first grade at age
  six, and starting school is considered
  a very important event in a child's
 6-year education for elementary
Where to go for elementary?
 Virtually all elementary education
  takes place in public schools;
 About 1% of the schools are private,
  which are costly.
Do they just think about
elementary in the period?
 Some private elementary schools are
 they serve as a first step to higher-
  level private schools with which they
  are affiliated, and thence to a
Junior high school
 A typical classroom
  in Japanese junior
  high school
General information
 Three-year education from grade
  seven, eight, to ninth grede.
 ages of roughly 12 and 15
 focus on academic studies
 it would not be easy to find jobs, so
  most of the students will continue
  after this phase even though the
  compulsory education is ended.
Go to public or private?
 Majority of Junior High School are
  public school,
 but there are still very few
  private schools, which can be
  very expensive, maybe 4 or 5
  times more than public.
Exam for High School entrance
for 2008-09 in a city, Japan.
 Planned to Recruit: 280(Boy: 180;
  Girl: 100)
 Actual Examinee: 3509(Boy: 2341;
  Girl: 1168)
 Qualified People: 1345(Boy: 951;
  Girl: 394)
Teachers and students:
 Junior High School teachers
  usually teach the subjects based
  on their major;
 Most of them are four-year
  college graduates;
 35 students per class on average;
 A homeroom teacher is assigned
  to each class, and he will serve as
  a counselor as well.
Do you like to move or stay?
 The teacher, rather than the
  students, moves to a new room
  for each fifty-minute period.
 Different teachers for different
  subjects, which means students
  would have a different teacher
  each class by staying in the same
About classes:
 Computers become common
  teaching facilities;
 Classroom organization is usually
  based on small work groups.
 Some new courses, like foreign
  languages, will start officially at
  7th grade.
What to learn:
 The curriculum covers Japanese
  language, social studies, mathematics,
  science, music, fine arts, health, and
  physical education.
 Moral education and special activities
  continue to receive attention.
 After-school sport clubs or classes are
  popular among many of students.
High school:

 It is not compulsory in Japan;
 Most of students will go to high school
 High schools are not free, family may spend
  3000 USD for a child each year;
 The number of private high schools is much
  bigger than private Junior High Schools, it
  usually costs twice as high as a public high
An Office for Japanese High School
Courses Offered:

 academic courses for students preparing for
  higher education
 technical and vocational courses for
  students expecting to find employment
  after graduation.
 Vocational-technical programs includes
  several hundred specialized courses,
 information processing, navigation, fish
  farming, business English, and ceramics.
What would you do in Japan?
 Business and industrial courses are
  very popular, and accounting is one
  of top courses as well.
 Some basic academic courses are
  strictly required:
 Japanese language, English,
  mathematics, and science.
What is the way you like best to
 Teachers are university graduates;
 Teach in major fields they specialized;
 Teaching depends largely on the
  lecture system, with the main goal of
  covering the very demanding
  curriculum in the time allotted.
 Approach and subject coverage tends
  to be uniform, especially in the public
Special education is always an
important part:
 Training of handicapped students,

 Emphasizing vocational education
  to enable students to be as
  independent as possible in the
High School students in uniforms
Universities and colleges:

 There are about 600 popular
  universities and colleges;
 Four-year learning to earn bachelor’s
 Pubilc universities are comprised of
  national universities and local
 Half of the universities are private.
What would you do for your
university life?
 business, law, accounting, engineering,
  humanities, and education are popular fields
  in universities;
 The average costs (tuition, fees, and living
  expenses) for a year of higher education in
  Japan is very high.
 Part-time jobs, loans, schalorship, nonprofit
  corporation and other institutions could be
  some choices for students.
 University of Tokyo, Kyoto University,
  Waseda University are among the very
  popular ones.
English Education in Japan:
 It reflects the development of Japan
  just like a mirror.
 A Strategic Consideration on English
  Education in Japan in the 21st
  Century expects to boost its
  development furthermore.
An English Classroom in Japan (L) &
A young man studying English in
Macdonald’s (R):
Situation of English Education:
 English is very popular among the
 Both school and society take it
 Ability of communication is still not
 Reading and writing are much better
  than spoken English.
How would you like to learn a
foreign language?
 Individual tutoring, school study and
  training class after school are popular ways
  of learning English since preschool.
 English as one of the major courses starts
  since Junior High School, up to High school,
  6 years in total as a required core course.
 English is still a popular and important
  course in universities, some of the
  universities require 3 more years to
  continue studying English.
What makes it so hard:
 Instruction focusing on the skill of reading
  and writing.
 Japan used to be a single ethnic group, few
  opportunity to converse in a foreign
  language, except obtaining the knowledge
  from the literature of other countries.
 Japanese and English belong to different
  families of languages, hardly any
  similarities in structure or words.
 To follow the guideline of Ministry of
  Education makes study restricted and
What can you tell from the reasons:
 Japanese is a nation pursuing perfection all
  the time: we make great electronic
  products and won’t speak it unless it is
  good enough.
 ----Dignity is more than everything.
 Follow the way how we learn generation
  after generation.
 ----Tradition should always be respected.
 Different sound: Japanese should speak
What we should do as an American:
 Take English-study seriously in stead
  of taking it for granted.
 To spread our language and culture
  for worldwide communication and
 Learn other languages seriously to
  open our mind and to build up
  harmonious international community
  from communication.
Thanks!   (Arigatou)

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