The Future of Food and the Implications for Food

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					 The Future of Food and
the Implications for Food
  Safety Systems in the
   Asia Pacific Region

Dr Gardner Murray
Special Adviser
Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and
Forestry
Approach
•   Background
•   Global Concerns
•   Foodborne Illness
•   International Trade
•   Meeting Food Safety Challenges
•   Related Issue
•   A Role for APEC
•   Conclusion
Background
• Increased Prominence of Food Safety in the
  90s
• Historical Perspectives
• Preservation
• Interventions and Organoleptic Inspection
St Anthony’s Fire –
Holy Fire

Salem Witch Trials?
Ergot Poisoning
Anthrax
Tuberculosis
Background
• Increased Prominence of Food Safety in the
  90s
• Historical Perspectives
• Preservation
• Interventions and Organoleptic Inspection
Demand for Food (a)
Demand for Food (b)

• Areas of Growth
• Economic Growth and Disposable
  Income
• Meeting Demand
• Risk
Foodborne Illness
• E coli; Camplyobacter; Salmonellosis;
  Listeria
• BSE
• Anti-microbial resistance
• Incidence Increasing (WHO)
• Assumptions on Foodborne Illness
Factors Predisposing to Increased
          Incidence (a)
 • Demographic Changes
 • Ecological Change
 • Intensive Production
 • Trade
 • Tourism
Factors Predisposing to Increased
          Incidence (b)
  • Urbanisation
  • Stress on Facilities
  • Mass Production of Food
  • Eating Out
Emerging and Re-emerging Disease

• US Surgeon General; 1967
  - “time to close the book on infectious diseases”


• 75% of New Emerging Diseases are Zoonotic
• Some novel/emerging diseases in Australia
  - Hendra; Menangle; bat Lyssavirus; porcine myocarditis;
    feline spongiform encephalopathy; s enteriditis;
    trichinella pseudospiralis
• One Medicine and Resilience Thinking
Cost/Over Reaction/Communication

• OzFOODNet – 5.4 mill cases of foodborne
  illness each year, cost $1.2 billion

• BSE – risk identification and risk
  management, impacts

• H5N1
Avian Influenza
                 Duck numbers by year and country
                     70


                     60


                     50


                     40
Number of ducks in
    millions
                      30


                      20


                      10


                          0                                                                     Indonesia

                              1993 1994                                                    Malaysia
                                          1995 1996                                                     Country
                                                    1997 1998                            Laos
                                                              1999 2000
                                                                        2001 2002
                                                  Year                            2003




                                                                                    Source: FAOStat Agricultural data
          0
              200
                    400
                          600
                                800
                                      1000
                                             1200
                                                    1400
                                                           1600
                                                                  1800
Dec-03

Jan-04

Feb-04

Mar-04

Apr-04

May-04

Jun-04

 Jul-04

Aug-04

Sep-04

Oct-04

Nov-04
                                                                         Avian Influenza



Dec-04

Jan-05

Feb-05

Mar-05

Apr-05

May-05

Jun-05

 Jul-05

Aug-05

Sep-05

Oct-05

Nov-05

Dec-05

Jan-06

Feb-06

Mar-06

Apr-06

May-06

Jun-06

 Jul-06

Aug-06
International Trade
• WTO (1995) and SPS/TBT Agreements
• Codex/OIE/WHO Interface
• Codex Issues
  - FAO/WHO Food Standards Review
  - Obligations
  - Equivalence & ALOPs
  - CCFICS
 Meeting Food Safety Challenges
Production      Transport   Processing

                                          Export




                                         Domestic
                                         Standards




             Case Study
 Meeting Food Safety Challenges
Production   Transport   Processing

                                            Export




                                           Domestic
                                           Standards


 Mung                      meat and bone   Salmonellosis
             beside a      production      poisoning in the
 bean
 packing                   facility        UK &
                                           Scandinavia
  Food
 Safety
Systems
System     System       System       System      System
 Driver   Foundation   Operation   Improvement   Outcome
Food Standards in Australia

• Single National Scheme
• Public Health Focus
• Whole of Government
• Minimum Effective Legislation
• Certainty
Risk Assessment - Complexity
                             Multiple hazards
                                                Multiple processes

                                                                 Multiple products
 Primary
Production
  Inputs
                                                                       Distribution
                                                                       Retail
        Production       Transport                                     Consumers
                   Raw            Primary             Further
  On farm        Commodity       processing         processing
                                                                     Transport



OUTPUTS:
• Qualitative or quantitative – risk estimates
• Judgements and advice on points of interventions
       Related Issues

• Social Values e.g. Animal Welfare
• New Technologies
• Bioterrorism Threats
• Emergency Planning
 Some Key Principles
• Multi-disciplinary approach to RAs
• Science-based RAs
• Consistent approach across the food chain
• Consultation
• Transparency
• Emergency planning
• Consideration of emerging threats
• Effective communication
• Meeting national & international obligations
 A Role for APEC ?
• Capacity Building & Possible Criteria for
  Work
• Food Control Safety Systems
• Learning Workshops on Applied
  Microbiological & Chemical Risk Analysis
• Systems for Sharing Information
• Contingency Plan Writing & Application
Conclusions
You’ll be pleased to know it’s time for
              MORNING TEA
             - grog later.