Chapter 34 - Interior SW Asia by ygy16679

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									           Chapter 34 - Interior SW Asia
    II. IRAN
3 bands of green,
white, and red; the
national emblem (the
word Allah in the
shape of a tulip,
symbol of martyrdom)
ALLAH AKBAR (God
is Great) in white is
repeated 11 times
along the bottom edge
of the green band and
11 times along the top
edge of the red band
II. IRAN
   A. Physical geography
A. Physical geography

   The heart of
   the country is
   the Plateau of
   Iran
 An immense area
 covering 1,648,000 km2 in
 the center of Iran and
 encompassing a great
 variety of climates, soils
 and topography. It is
 almost completely
 surrounded on all sides by
 mountain ranges.
A. Physical geography


 Mountains:
 Zagros
 Mountains to
 the southwest
A. Physical geography


 Elburz and
 Kopet
 mountains to
 the north
A. Physical geography
   The area can be divided into two major
   deserts




    Great Kavir, one of the greatest deserts of the
    world in the central Iran
A. Physical geography



 The Dasht-e-
 Kavir (Great
 Salt Desert) in
 the north



                   Salt Cover in Central Iran Desert
A. Physical geography


 The Dasht-e-Lut
 in the south




                   Dasht-e-Lut, a sand and stone desert of
                   eastern Iran and one of the hottest deserts in
                   the world
A. Physical geography
   Climate:
   Steppe and desert climates are typical
B. Economic geography
    Agriculture - About 1/3 of the people are
    farmers
B. Economic geography

  Barley and wheat are the major grains




 Iran Forecast to Become World's Largest Wheat Importer
B. Economic geography

  Iran is of the world’s largest producers of
                  pistachios
B. Economic geography

 Fruits, tea, cotton, rice, and mulberry trees
 are grown along the shore of the Caspian
 Sea
B. Economic geography


 Mountain
 water must
 be diverted
 to the fertile
 valley soils
B. Economic geography

 Qanats are tunnels that carry water from
 springs at the foot of mountains to the
 plains
B. Economic geography

 Low technology methods and tools are still
 used
B. Economic geography
 Refineries, petrochemical plants, and ports
 provide jobs
B. Economic geography
 Wool, silk, and metals are used in
 handmade products are sold around the
 world
B. Economic geography
 Persian rugs have been prized for
 centuries
C. Urban geography
 Rural-to-urban migration is typical in Iran
C. Urban geography
 A central marketplace and a mosque are
 characteristics of Iranian cities




                     Iran - Esfahan main square
                     and mosque
C. Urban geography
 Tehran is the capital of Iran and the most
 industrialized city
C. Urban geography
 Other important cities include Abadan, Tabriz,
 Isfahan, and Qom
                     Masjid-i
                     Shah
                     Mosque
                     Isfahan



                       View
                       of
                       Qom

  Tabriz City Hall
D. Human geography
D. Human geography
 The Shi‘a branch of Islam is the dominant
 religion
D. Human geography
 The Shah, Iran’s ruler, launched a program of
 modernization and industrialization




          Mohammad Reza Shah
               Pahlavi
D. Human geography
 In 1979, the Shah fled Iran after unrest and
 violence
D. Human geography
 A fundamentalist Islamic government, led by
 Ayatollah Khomeini, came to power
D. Human geography
 In 2005, Iranians elected Mahmoud
 Ahmadinejad as president




         President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
E. Afghanistan
Afghanistan is a dry, mountainous, and
landlocked country
E. Afghanistan
A mountain range called the Hindu Kush cuts
across northern Afghanistan




Hindu Kush Mountains extend for 1,000 km (600 mi)
in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Tajikistan. About two
dozen peaks surpass 7,000 m (23,000 ft)
E. Afghanistan

It is situated
between
Iran, Pakistan,
 China, and
the Central
Asian
Republics
E. Afghanistan

Afghanistan is one of the world’s least
developed countries

Purchasing power parity - $700 (2003 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: (2004 est.)
      male: 42.27 years
      female: 42.66 years
Infant mortality rate: 165.96 deaths/1,000
 live births
E. Afghanistan
Agriculture is the main occupation



Agriculture 80%
Industry 10%
Services 10%
E. Afghanistan
  The mountains are mineral-rich, but deposits
  are undeveloped




  natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite,
  talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt,
  precious and semiprecious stone
E. Afghanistan
 Kabul is the capital and largest city
E. Afghanistan

  Almost all Afghans are Muslims


      Sunni Muslim 80%,
      Shi'a Muslim 19%
      other 1%
E. Afghanistan
 The Soviet Union invaded in 1979, but was
 forced to withdraw 10 years later




  Islamic guerrillas stand on top of a Soviet helicopter
  they brought down in Afghanistan’s Panjsher Valley,
  north of Kabul, in 1979.
E. Afghanistan
  The Communist government collapsed in
  1992, civil war broke out, and the Taliban
  seized power in 1996
After the September 11, 2001 terrorist
attacks, US-led military action toppled the
Taliban for sheltering Osama Bin Ladin
E. Afghanistan
Presidential elections were held in October
2004 and a new constitution was adopted




              Hamid Karzai

								
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