Intel Goal Setting for Cu and Ni

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					    In Association with the Oregon Region of the PNCWA:


         Intel Corporation’s
       Wastewater Goal Setting
               Process

                Clackamas Community College, Water Environment School, Pauling Center
                                                                              24 March 2010

                                                                            Tom Cooper
                                                             Corporate Water Programs Manager
                                                                               Intel Corporation




1
    Agenda
• About Intel
• Overview of our process development
• Why set wastewater process goals?
• Wastewater process goal methodology
• Example – Copper Wastewater Process
    Goal
• Future Trends
2
                          What We Do
                             WiMAX               NAND




           Handhelds                                        Netbooks

                              Laptop            Desktop


                                        IA

            Consumer                                          Visual
            Electronics                Server               Computing




                            Health               Embedded




Silicon Process           Platform Architecture               Market Creation
 3
                            Intel Employees
Core Values...
                 “It’s no longer enough to just produce a profit.
                 Instead, we need to continually improve our
                 manufacturing process, thereby reducing our
                 burden on the environment and becoming an
                 asset to the communities in which we live and
                 work”.
                           Gordon Moore, Intel Chairman
                          Letter in EHS Report, January 1995




 4
    “Continuing our commitment to the
     highest performance in all we do —
    from product innovation to corporate
     responsibility — is good business.”


                 Paul Otellini
          President and Chief Executive Officer
                    Intel Corporation


5
    Intel’s EHS Guiding
    Principles
    • Prevent all injuries in the workplace
    • Be an EHS leader in our communities
      and our industry and…
    • Reduce the environmental
      footprint of our products,
      processes and operations
6
INTEL’S APPROACH TO WATER
• Conduct comprehensive site selection reviews
    including water footprinting
• Reduce water & energy demand at source
• Perform continuous monitoring and reporting
• Drive reuse & conservation in new Fab design
• Tailor recycling & conservation measures to local
    conditions
•   Set short and long-term environmental goals
7
              Fab and Assembly Test Sites
    Where it all starts...
                                    Copy Exactly (CE!)
                                                               Israel Fab 28                   Dalian
             Oregon                         Ireland                                               (2010*
                                                                                           Fab 68 (2010*)
     Fab 20, D1C, D1D, AFO                Fab 24, IFO
                                                                                   Chengdu

                               Massachusetts
                                  Fab 17                                                               Shanghai
   Arizona
Fab 12, 22, 32
           New Mexico        Costa Rica                                        Vietnam
             Fab 11X                                                           (2010*
                                                                               (2010*)
                                                                                  Penang
                                                                                    &
                                                                                   Kulim



                                                        Wafer Fab
                                                        Assembly/Test

                 10 fabs operating in the United States, Ireland, and Israel
        8                with 1 more under *construction in China
                                              Projected
* projected
The Benefits and Challenges of Moore’s Law:
                                      Power Reduct ion is Our Core Compet ence
                                          Power reduction Over Time*                           ore
                                                                                              C Integer Performance Over Time*
                                                                                      10000
                                 1.E+00                                                                                    2
                                                                                                                      Core™ Duo Extreme QX6700
 Energy/Transistor (Relat ive)




                                                                                                                          2
                                                                                                                    Core™ Duo Processor X6800
                                 1.E-01
                                                                                                                             -D
                                                                                                                     Pentium® Processor
                                                                                       1000
                                 1.E-02                                                                              4
                                                                                                            Pentium® Processor EE
                                                                                                                     4
                                                                                                           Pentium® Processor
                                 1.E-03                                                                         -IIi
                                                                                                        Pentium® Processor
                                                                                        100                -II
                                                                                                   Pentium® Processor
                                 1.E-04                                                               Pro
                                                                                              Pentium® Processor
                                                                                              Pentium®Processor
                                 1.E-05
                                                                                         10      i486DX2
                                 1.E-06
                                                                                               i486
                                 1.E-07
                                                                                          1       386
                                      1970     1980    1990   2000 2005 2010              1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008
                                                                                                      Single Core            Moore’s Law



                                                     ~ 1 Million Fact or Reduct ion In
                                             Energy per Transist or Over 30+ Years Delivering
                                  9
                                                               Source: Int el Corporat e Technology Group
Copy Exactly (CE!)
 • Due to the amazing level of complexity of each
     process/chip, CE! is critical to:
     – Reduce variability
     – Enhances tool utilization
     – Maintains strong die yield and throughput
 • Other benefits:
     – Can make product “anywhere”
     – Process/tool knowledge
     – Sharing of “lessons learned”

10
Process & Product Development
• Intel develops a new process ~every 2 years
• Each process results in:
     – exponentially greater number of transistors per unit of silicon
     – smaller feature size, and significant advances in performance
     – new “recipes”, with new “ingredients”, requiring comprehension
       of environmental impacts
     – More than $2 billion to develop therefore:
         • A reactive mentality is not an option
         • Environmental goals associated with processes must be
            comprehended early to allow manufacturing to occur anywhere Intel
            does business

• Multiple processes under development at any
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     time
Product Timeline
                                   Wastewater Process
                                   Goal Setting

 External Research       Supplier R&D           Process Development Manufacturing Ramp



        -6                  -4                    -2             0                       5

     Research        Commercialization Phases    Demonstration        Manufacturing

                          Intel Product Development Timeline (years)


12
Why set wastewater process
goals?
• Environmental challenges are becoming
     more complex
     –   More than basic categorical issues of pH & TTO
     –   Currently 30+ elements and compounds have associated
         wastewater goals.
• Global growth requires evaluation of
  worldwide environmental impacts
• High costs & rapid development of new
  technology mandates that we:
     – Fully comprehend our POTW partners’ technical, performance,
       and capacity issues.
     – Establish predictive models to comprehend environmental
       impacts

13
Managing Intel’s Wastewater
     • All of Intel’s Fabs (worldwide) discharge to
          POTW’s
     •    There are huge differences in the regulations
          that govern these discharges across the globe
     •    There are, however, three common threads
          that govern all wastewater discharges:
         1. Do not cause pass-through to POTW
                                                          3 KEY
         2. Do not cause interference at POTW           Tenets!!!

         3. Do not limit the POTW’s ability to manage its
            wastewater reclaim efforts AND sludge

14
  Setting Wastewater Goals
• Intel sets Worldwide Wastewater Goals to protect the
  most sensitive site. The goals are based on:
   –   Intel, Industry, and Residential expansion
   –   Current Site Permit Limits
   –   Avoiding POTW Impacts
   –   Water Quality Criteria (no receiving stream impacts)

• Intel develops a goal that allows tracking performance
   – The goal is normalized to give a universal manufacturing metric (ie.
     gram/wafer)


• Intel is consistent with “Guidance” used by POTWs to
  establish industrial permits
   • EPA Document 833-R-04-022A July 2004, USEPA Office of Wastewater
     Management – Local Limits Development Guidance


  15
Intel’s Wastewater Goal Setting Process
                                                       No
                                      Is constituent
      Identify new materials         documented in                  Research available
        being used in R&D           USEPA Guidance                   regulatory data
                                         Manual?



                                               Yes
                                                                         Is adequate
                                                                       data available to
                               Use results to calculate                 predict POTW
                               allowable POTW Headworks                and downstream
     Ratify goal based on      loading based on               Yes
     most restrictive site                                                 impacts?
                                     •Permit limits
                                     •POTW impacts
                                     •Receiving Stream
                                     Impacts                                       No
                                     •Irrigation stds
      Validate with POTW             •Land disposal
        (if appropriate)             impacts                           Perform third party
                                                                       Impact assessment
                                                                           simulations


                                Normalize into a wastewater
     Internal Stakeholder
                                goal (grams/wafer) based on
     Review of the most
                                mass loadings available and
     restrictive site
                                    production planning
     wastewater goal
                                        assumptions
16
Wastewater Goal Setting Methodology
For every constituent for which a wastewater goal is needed, the
methodology includes four core components:
1. Research component: (show database example)
     •   Chemical and Physical Properties
     •   Toxicity Review
     •   Regulatory Standards/Requirements
     •   POTW Impacts
2. Data Collection component
     •   Summary of research findings
     •   Current Fab and POTW Flow (MGD)
     •   Permit limits for Fab and POTW (if any)
     •   Projected domestic and industrial annual growth
     •   Projected Fab flows and wafer production scenarios
3. Modeling Component
     • Uses recipe information to predict flows and concentrations
4. Goal Development and Ratification Component
     • Internal review and approval
17
                          Example
                          Example
     Setting a Wastewater Goal for Copper... How it’s done...




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Example – Copper Wastewater Process Goal
MODEL INPUT ASSUMPTIONS




                  In this example, domestic and industrial
                 growth assumptions, from local Chambers
                 of Commerce, are estimated for the period
                               under review


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Example – Copper Wastewater Process Goal
POTW Capability and Other Key Assumptions
for Model




                                                                  1




       We plug this data
      into our models to
     help determine what
      our “allotment” will
       be and therefore
     what our goal should
               be

20                       1
                             MLCS = Most Likely Campus Scenario
   Example – Copper Wastewater Process Goal
   Determination of Limiting Factor – Water
   Quality Limits

  Lin = (8.34)(454)[(CCRIT (Q STR + QPOTW) – (CSTR * Q STR)]
                              (1-RPOTW)
Whereas:
       Lin     = Allowable influent loading, grams/day (Calculated)
       CCRIT   = Water Quality Standard, (mg/l) (EPA Goldbook & Guidance Manual)
       QSTR    = Receiving stream (upstream) flow (MGD) (POTW Inspector)
       QPOTW   = POTW flow (MGD) (POTW Inspector, Constraints Matrix)
       CSTR    = Receiving stream background level (mg/l) (POTW Inspector)
       RPOTW   = Removal efficiency across POTW, as a decimal (Guidance Manual)


                                          YELLOW indicates
                                           where we pull the
                                          data from “typically”
  21
     Example – Copper Wastewater Process Goal
     Determination of Limiting Factor – Water
     Quality Limits
                                                  Using water quality
                                                    standard from
                                                     research, we
                                                  determine what the
                                                   POTW can safely
                                                        remove


                                                     This is where
                                                   calculations from
                                                    previous page
                                                  comes into to play

                                                  For this review, the
                                                gram/WS # is generated
                                                for comparison to other
                                                     review results


22
      Example – Copper Wastewater Process Goal
      Determination of Limiting Factor – Inhibition to
      Nitrification

              Lin = (8.34)(454)(CCRIT)(QPOTW)
                           (1-RSEC)

Whereas:
           Lin     = Allowable influent loading, grams/day (Calculated)
           CCRIT   = Threshold inhibition level, (mg/l) (Guidance Manual)
           QPOTW   = POTW flow (MGD) (POTW Inspector, Constraints Matrix)
           RSEC    = Removal efficiency across secondary treatment, as a decimal
                   (Guidance Manual)




 23
     Example – Copper Wastewater Process Goal
     Determination of Limiting Factor – Inhibition to
     Nitrification


                                                  Again, this is where
                                                   calculations from
                                                    previous page
                                                  comes into to play




                                                   This value is
                                                 compared to the
                                                other review values



24
 Example – Copper Wastewater Process Goal
 Determination of Limiting Factor – Other
 Reviews Performed

     • The two reviews just shown are
      performed for EACH fab in addition to
      the following reviews:
       – Permit limit (today) for Fab
       – Permit (NPDES) limit for POTW
       – Activated Sludge Inhibition
     • The lowest number in grams/WS is then
      identified
25
     Example – Copper Wastewater Process Goal
     Determination of Limiting Factor – The Goal

                              The most restrictive
                              number, in this case
                               0.43 Grams/WS,
                            becomes the preliminary
                                     goal



 NOTE:
 MLCS =
  “Goal”



     NOTE:
     2TO =
     “Flag”



26
     Next Steps
• The goal is ratified through management chain

• We then “Hone-in” on the “limiting” site, addressing the
     limiting details (ie. OR differences in permit vs. water
     quality impacts)

• If a process is determined to impact a wastewater goal,
     Intel will build waste treatment systems to prevent
     breaching this goal.
     – current examples include copper and ammonia treatment

• As new and more data becomes available, the
     assumptions the goals are revised to incorporate the new
27
     assumptions.
 CORPORATE SUSTAINABILITY IN 2010
• Significant government interaction
• Carbon footprint reduction & energy transition
• Supply chain decisions based on environmental & social
  factors
• Customer awareness and brand impact
• The Sustainability Consortium building awareness at
  consumer level
• Engaging stakeholders - employees, NGOs, industry partners
  Green innovation & business opportunities
• Increased investor engagement
• Water management & transparency
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28        FEB 2010
              Q&A
                     For additional information
     please feel free to contact Tom at tom.cooper@intel.com

                    Also, go to www.Intel.com
     About Intel / Environment / Eco-Responsible Operations



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